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1 • 

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9 •- 

I I 

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A. y. t .-". H 

25 TyUiJ-^ H I* <l»"i 












Notes & Queries 





{EHior of ik$ ** Visitatums of tk$ C(m$am of Smmtt and 
Hireford;' ^'Somersit Inambinis,'' $U.) 



(Vicar of Long Burton with Holnest, Rural Dum^ amthor of 
*' Bibliotheca Dorsetiensis;* $U.) 

** Attempt the end, and nerer stand to donbt, 
Nothing^s so hard, bat s$arck will find it out" 


VOL. in. 

K - R ' ; n N ' : 






^H£ Editors gladly ayail themselves of the present 
opportunity to congratulate their subscribers upon the 
completion of the third biennial volume of Notes and 
Queries for Somerset and Dorset. 

They are fully assured that it supplies a want which is not 
met by any other serial in either Somerset or Dorset, and from 
the valuable nature of the contributions they have received for 
insertion in its pages, they are convinced that it is not only a 
useful medium of communication between those who seek and 
those who possess a fund of local information, but also that it is 
fulfilling its purpose as a storehouse of material at the service of 
the county historian of the future. 

The Editors beg to thank the writers for many Articles 
of value contributed to the pages of S. S» D. N. S* Q., which it 
would be invidious to specify by name, and they particularly 
commend the example of those gentlemen who, at their own 
expense, have provided pictorial illustrations. 

They deeply regret to have to report a diminution in the 
number of their subscribers, occasioned by the hand of death, 
or by retirement, due in some instances to the pressure of the 

They trust that *' new faces, other men,*' will be found 
adequately to fill their vacant places, and sustain and promote 
the circulation of the Magazine. 


Thej venture to think that the increase in the nnmber of 
pages from 42 to 48 in each quarterly Part, and the more frequent 
use of illustrations than in the earlier volumes, have established 
a claim for more zealous support on the part of all lovers of the 
two counties. 

They beg to add an Obituary of subscribers who have 
deceased since the completion of the second volume. 


Rt. Rev. Edgar P. Wadhams, D.D., first Bishop of 
Ogdensburg, New York. 5th Dec. 


Dr. H. O. Mayo, New York, ist Jan. 

Mrs. Robert Daubeny, 6th Jan. 

H. J. F. Swayne, Esq., 17th Jan. 

S. M. P. Montagu, Esq., i8th Jan. 

Mr. Henry Durden, 20th Jan. 

Rt. Hon. Sir John Lambert, K.C.B., 27th Jan. 

R. J. Manning, Esq., 2nd Feb. 

J. E. Nightingale, Esq., 22nd Feb. 

J. B. Thwaits, Esq., 25th March. 

Dr. Richard Kinneir, ist April. 

J. D. Salisbury, Esq., June. 

Miss Gulielma Stephens, 14th Aug^ 

Rt. Hon. Earl of Portarlington, 17th Dec. 

Dr. W. Liddon, 8th Jan. 
Thos. Bond, Esq., loth March. 
W. Frayne, Esq., 19th March. 
C. H. Baskett, Esq., 26th March. 
Htf». IL F. Meredith, 27th May. 
Woi. MttOer, Esq., 15th Sept. 

A. Heljrar, Esq., 2nd Secretary of British 
Munich, 8th Oct. 


N.B.— Small Capitals denote Articles, and Italic Letters the WriUrs of 

Abbo . . • • 41 

Abbotsbary .. 17.153.231 

Abbott, Cath. ..262 

Abbott, Margery, Nich. . . 148 

Abrahall. Rev. John Hoskjrns. . 190 
Absence of Soul from 

Body.. .. 235, 38a 

A. C. D. .. .. 338 

Acland Family .. 202,331 

Acland. Chas. Baldwyn Dyke, 

Capt. Charles, Dudley, Reg. 

Dyke, Lady 331, Sir Thos. 203, 331 
Acland-Hood, Sir A. . . 97 

A'Court, Jas.. John, Rich. . . 336 
Acreman, Henry, Joan . . 14 

Acreage of Fields, Reputed 304 
Adams. Eliz. 212, Henry 13, 51, 

Mary 210, Wm. . . . . 265 

Adams al% Waldron, Eliz. 13 

Admissions to St. John's 

Coll., Camuridgb 271, 3do 

Adyn, John . . . . 107 

A. E. H. .. .. 153 

Agilbert, Bishop .. ••45 

Alsholt, Church of . . • • 91 

Aislay, Joh. . . . . 287 

A.J.J.,. .. 234,239 

Alam .. .. .. 273 

Albans, St., Head . . • . 53 

Alex. n. K. of Scotland .. 29 

Aldhelm's Altar. St. . . 88 

Aldhelm's Head, St. . . 206 

Aldworth, Anna. Matt. . . 168 

Alex. III., Pope . . . . 300 

Alen, Lord Chancellor . . 222 

Alfoxden .. .. .. 160 

Atear, Rev. J. .. ..102 

Alkimbridge. Agnes, Thos. .. 317 
Allen, Alice 215. Ben 265. Edith 

232, Henry, Joane 107, John 

265, 318, Margaret 15, 49, 

Peter 232, Rich. 215, Thos. 

318, T. Romilly .. ..239 

lien aU Devenish, Joan I5> 49 

Allyn, John, Wm. .. ..185 



Alston als Potkin, Edith .. 12 

Altar Table, Post Reformation 202 
Altars in Churches . . • • 43 

Alwold, Rog. . . . . 2 18 

Ames. John . . 61 

Amizer als Phillips. . 153, 154 

Ampne^ Cruds Bell Cot. . . 26 
Ancketill, Chris. 140, 148, Francis 
148, 214, Henry, Jane, John 
148, Margt. •. 148,214 

Ancketill o/s Grove, Margt. ..216 
Anctill. Marg., Cath., John 

PhiUipe, Thos. .. ..6 

Anderson. Tregonwell family of 141 
Andrew, St. .. .. 301 

Andrews, Joan, John 336, 

William . . 265, 336 

Androwes, Alice .. ..148 

Anne's Staith, St.. Whitby . . 169 
Ansford. (Almimdesford) .. 191 
Applin, Rich. .. 131. 132 

Archer, Edmund, D.D. . . 135 

Archer, Anne. Eliz., Rev. Thos. 135 
Architecture. W. Somerset .. 120 
Aris, Eldridge . . . . 38 

Armizer ,. .. 154 

Armorial Badge, Temple- 
combe .. •• 174 
Armorial Shields . . . . 233 
Arms of Rogers, Roche & 

Arundel . . 233, 278, 338 

Amey, Alex., 337, M. Jane 337. 

Robert .. ••5 

Arnold, John 5, 49, Mary 214, 

Ralph, Robt. .. ..147 

Arundel of Wardour 100, 254 

Arundell, Eliz., Sir John 203. 
Nich. 203. 234, Sir Nich., Sir 
Ralph .. ..278 

Arundell, Arms of . . 233. 278, 338 
Aryne, Robert .. •• '4 

Ash, Wm. .. .. 3i» 

Ashe, Jambs .. 102, 179 

Ashe, Anne, James, John 179 
William .. 102. 179 


Ashley, Sir Henry, Henry . . 93 
Asshe. John, Prior of Taunton 327 
Atkins, Agnes. Wm. .. 165 

Atkinson, Juliana • • . . 63 

Atkinson, J. C. .. .. 170 

Atwood, Sarah, Wm. . . 95 

Audries, St. •• .. 160 

Audley, Lord .. ., I33 

Augustyne, Sir Wm. . . 303 

Austen, Miss, & Lyme .. 192 

Avenel, William .. ..191 

Avyne, Eliz., Robt. . . 14 

A. W. G. .. .. 100 

*«AwAKB AND Join the Chberfdl 

Choir " 
Axe Family 

Axssame (Isham), Mr. John 
A3r8hcombe, Kath., Jolm 
Ayshe Family, S. Petherton 
Ayshe, Jas., Nich., Wm. 
Bachiler, Ann. Stephen 
Backsword Play . . 
Bacon Family op Somerset 16, 52 
Bacon, Thos. 52, Fran. 100, 

Dorothy, Dudson.Geo., Grace, 

John, Mary, Susannah, Thos., 

Wm. .. 
Badburye. Hundred of 
Badgworth (Bagewerre) 
Bagadrip. Sir A. . . 
Bagborough, W. . . 
Bagot, Walt. 
Bagterygge. Johanne 
Bailward, T. H. M. 
Baker, Thos. H. . . 
Baker, Ann 262, Barnabas, John 

147. 232, Nich. 232. Rev.S. O. 

159, 231, Rebecca, Walt. 93, 

Batch, Galuska B. .. 
Balcb, John 
Balden, John 
Baldwin. John 
Bale. Ann. Benj. .. 
Bampfield, Mr. 
Bamkts, Albirt 

Banton als Salisbury. Edith . . 
Banwdl Manor 
Barber, Henry, Joane 
Bttber als Chepman. Hen.. Anne 
51. i6S. Owen . . 

Bkncv, Henry 

^■O ii ft Goold. Rev. S. B. 42, 









. 199 
. II 

. 257 
. 91 
,. 104 
. 239 
. 174 

.. 340 
.. 340 
.. 116 
56. "7 
.. 119 
.. 181 

.. 175 

.. 52 

.. 90 

.. 168 




r CoaMS« Planting with 
Ccnnns .. 150. ^84 

Barnard. Thos. .. ..321 

Barnes, Agnes, Barth.. 168, 

Bridget 2 14-5, Eliz. 94, John 5 1 , 

168, Mary 316, PhilUpa 51, 

Thos. 316, Wm. .. ..94 

Barms, W. Miles 45, 47, 183, 232 
Barnes als Riggs, Maria . . 12 

Baron, RandiUph . . • . 82 

Barron, John ,, .. 303 

Barter, Benj., Jane . . . . 50 

Bartlett, R. Grosvenor 16, 30, 53 

Bartlett, Ellys 252, Jos. 292, 

Mrs. 79, Thos. . . . . 267 

Barton St. David . . 26, 74 

Bascoine. Francis . . • • 51 

Baskerville, Humphry . Z04 

Baskett, Thos. 168. 318. Peter. 

Robadge .. .. 214 

Bason, John .. .. 302 

Basset of Clavbrton. Somt. 62 
Bassets of Cornwall. Devon. 

Uley, etc. .. ..62 

Bassett. Wm., M.P. for Bath . . 62 
Bastard. Eleanor 262, Joan. 

Martha 93, Wm. . . , . 262 

Bates. Rev. E. Harbin . . 259 

Bath Street Lore ..241 

Bath. Marquis of . . . • 102 

Bathe, Thomas . . . . 238 

Bathem.Nich. .. ..287 

Batte, John .. ..20 

Batten, Ann 266, John 304, 

Robt. .. >. 49 

Batten, John .. 181,255,260 

Baughe. John .. •• 14 

Baylle.john .. .. 200 

Bayly, Walt. . . . . 59 

Bazles. a field-name . . 224 

Beagle, H.M.S. .. ..95 

Bealey, John .. .. 262 

Beard. Walt. .. ..262 

Beare, A Hogshead of .'155 

Beaton, Henry. Robt. ..317 

Beaucham, Judith . . . . 266 

Beauchaump. Johannes 237-8 

Becket, Meaning of . . 152 

Beckett. Thos. A*. . . . . 191 

Beckington. Church of • • 44 

Bedd of Worsted 29, 79 

Beddoftymbre .. .-79 

Bedminster. Willcox family of 227 
Beechen Cli£f . . . . 191 

Beer. Devon . . 79. 150 

Beercrocombe. Church of . . 91 
Beere, Dorset. Brief for . . 23 

Beere, (Abbat) 44, Francis, Wm. 214 
Beggars Bush .. .. H 


" Behold, thb Day is Comb " 64 
Bekynton. Bp. . . . . 88 

Belkin, John .. ..321 

Bell, Sir John .. ..321 

Bellamy, Andr., Pmelope 139, 

Wm. .. .. .. loi 

Bellew, Origin of name .. 152 

Bellowe. Daniel • • 3^ 

Bellows. Chris. .. ..152 

Bellows Family .. ..152 

Bells, Inscriptions on . . 203 

Bellyngham, Lord Dep. . . 222 

Bempston, Court Roll of .. 217 
Bemynst'r, Hund. de * • I95 

Bennet, Cath., Eliz. .. 94 

Bennett. Henry, Joan 166, John, 

Mary 263. Rev. J. A. 41. 233 

Bent, Thos. Ursula ,. 93 

Bereford. Wm. , . • • *$7 

Berjew, Henry . , . , 288 

Berkeley, Bp., Tomb or, in 

Wblls Cath. .. ..92 

Bbrkelby of Bruton . . 156 

Berkeley, Sir Maurice 156-7, 

Chas., Eliz., Henry, John, 

Morice, Wm. . . . . '57 

Berkeley, Barons of Stratton . . 156 
Berkeley, Sir Hen., M.P. for 

Somt. .. ..102 

Bernard. Richd. . . . . 257 

Berry, Ann. Nath. . . . . 318 

Besilles, Thos. .. ..257 

Best als Warr, Martha . . 49 

Bewsey, John .. ..5 

Bezant. The Shaptbsbury . . 297 
Bibliotheca Somersbtibnsis 179 
Bickenhall, Church of ..11 

Biddisham, Church of . • 1 1 

Bidgegood, Cath., Robt. . . 165 

Bigg, Rev. T. F. .. ..90 

Biles. Christian. Walt. . . 50 

Billingsby, Henry . . . . 109 

BiRiNUs, St. and the Wbssbx 

Bishopric . . . . 8, 45 

Birte, Jas.. Rebecca . . 12 

Bishop, Alice 146, John 146, 318, 

Thos... .. .. 318 

Bishoppe. John .. 

Bithewood. Jas. . . . . 61 

Black Doctor, A.. . 115 

Black Doo OF Dorsbt 112, 136,225 
Blackford, Henrietta 330, Joane, 

Thomas, 146, Wm. 50. 330 

Blackford ols W^ber, Agnes .. 50 
Blackmore Vale .. 131. I79 

Blackmore. Ric. Doddridge .. 190 
Blacksmiths' Patron Saint • . 41 


" Bladud and the Pigs " . . 324 

Blagdon, Roman remains at . . 229 
Blake, Mr. 117, Basil, Ralph .. 146 
Blanchard.John 19, 61, Susanna 318 
Bland, John . . . . 78 

Blandford Registry . . .. 152 

Blandford Sessions.. .. 37 

Blayney, Cath.. David .. i(>8 

Blithe, Mark, Thos. . . 148 

Bluet, Walt. .. ..257 

Blunt, John . . . . '55 

Bly a/5 Maydman, Edith. 

Zacharia .. .. 166 

Board. Wm. 266, Fras. . . 267 

Boden, John . . ••15 

Bodenham, John . . • • '47 

Bodenham als Richards, Margt. 147 
Bodimant family . . . . 278 

Bodrigam .. 127,221 

Body. Mary, Thos. .. 147 

Bokeland Nevrton. Hundr. de . . 196 
Bole als Bull. Maria, Wm. . . 14 
Bond, Dionisie2i4. Preb. Henry 
254, Mary 318, Onesiphorus 
214. Thos. 318. Rev. Wm. . . 254 
Boniton ., .. 340 

Books, Notes on. 
Wells Cathedral. Jewers. .. 119 
Church Plate (WUts). Night- 
ingale .. .. 120 
** The Builder " . . . . 120 
Memorials of Bishop Chapman 1 59 
The Quantocks. Nichols. . . 160 
Index Armorial. French. . , 160 
Bruton Register. Strong. . . 189 
Feet of Fines (Somerset). 

Green .. ..190 

East Budleigh Church. Brush- 

6eld .. ..191 

The Grove. Miers. . . 192 

Illustrated Archaeologist. Allen 339 
Books in Manuscript. Madan. 240 
Street Lore of Bath. Peach. 241 
Martiloge in English. Proctor 

and Dewick . . • • 295 

Winchester Commoners. 

Holgate. .. ..296 

Tottenham and the Forster 

Family. Compton. .. 296 

Old Dorset. Moule. .. 343 

Church of Porlock. Hook. . . 344 
Bord,Wm. .. ..248 

Borough, Sir John . . . . I43 

Boscobel Tracts .. ..30^ 

Boston, Ann, Thos. . . 265 

Boswell'Stone, W.G. . . 28J 

Botyler. Edward . • . . 238 


Boadich, Eliz., Geo. •• 316 

BouRNB Family .. ..151 

Bourne, Gilbert (Bishop) 151, 

Roger .. ,, 177 

Boamemouth, Origin of . . 208 

Bovet, John, Mary.. .. 13 

Bowdich, Geo. 94, Ann, Henry, 

Wm. 318. John .. ..262 

Bowles, Chas. .. .. 3^13 

Bownd. Andr. .. .. 289 

Bowyer, Edmund 166, Rev. 

Thos... .. .. 33 

Bowyer als Cole, Christr, 

Martha .. •• 168 

Bowyer als White, Anne • • 166 
Boyle, Johne • • . . 339 

Boyne, Battle of . . . . 30 

Bracke, John . . . • 200 

Bradbury, Thos., Wimond . . 14 
Bradeney, Simon de . . 257 

Bradford. Bbnj. .. .. 229 

Bradford, J. S. .. ..229 

Bradford Abbas .. ..38 

Bradley. West .. ..11 

Bradon, Isham of . . .. 127 

Bradstock. Jos., Hen. .. 168 

Bragge, Ann, John, Margt. . . 317 
Bramble, James R. ,, , . i6i 

Bramble, John. Dorothy .. 148 

Bray, William .. ..127 

Brekwayn, Robt. . . 237, 238 

Brent, John 258, Robt. de . . 257 
Brentmarsh •• ..178 

Brereton, Capt. John . . 222 

Brewer, Ann •• .. 288 

Brewham, North . . • • 247 

Brice, Hannah, Mary, Nath., 

Rev. Nath.. Blake, Penelope, 

Sarah 205. Joan. Roger 
Brickhill. Gilbert. Margt. 


Bridge. Oath,, Harriet, Mary 

Lyde. Sealey. Steph., Thos... 253 
Bridgwater. Seal of the 

Borough of .. •• 70 

Bridle. Rich.. Thos. .. 12 

Briefs at Langton Church • • 23 
Brinsoombe .. .. 343 

Ikiscjoe. John ..166 

Brid%rtt.H«iry .. ..148 

Bcae^Kkii. .. .. 61 



kraton) 18. 88 

nt±. .. .. 86 

onxn^ /Wats) .. 74 

"iBuuviimcs . . 136 

«lAoK|m*.3tidk. 49 

Brook(e), Chas. 83-4, Duke 82-4 
Brookes, Robt., Wm. .. 13 

Broughton. Col. . . • • 87 

Brown, Rev. F. 156, Honour 24, 

Mr. .. .. ••34 

Browne. Eliz, 318. Jane (Lady) 
214, John 14, 168. 214, 291, 
Robt. 59, 318, William . . 260 
Brownshull, Hundred of . . 197 

Brune, Betty, Chas. . . 84 

Brushfield, T, N. . . 191, 276 

Bruton Abbey 66, 241, Church 
88, Fairs 327, Prior and Con- 
vent 88, Register 189, Tower 
and Chantry •• •• 89 

Brdton School, Foundation 

Deed of .. ..241 

Bryant. Eliza 312, Mrs. .. 310 

Bryar. Wm. .. 

Bryard. John Mary . . 148 

Brydlc, Joan. Thos. .. 215 

Brympton, Somt.. Communion 

Flagon .. ..337 

Bryne, Rich. 168. Edith, Wm. 263 
Bubwith's Hospital.. .. 43 

Buckland Dynham . . 75, 77, 238 
Buckland Abbas (Newton) • . 234 
Buckland. Court Roll of •• 217 

Buckle, Edmund 44, 75. 92, 133, 

184. 333 
Buckler, Andr., Anne, Edmund 
51, Margt.. Thos. 214-5, 
Margery 215, Alex., Eliz.. John. 
Mary, Margery. Wm. 215, 
Rev. W. .. ..184 

Buckler als Chapman. Margt. . . 51 
Budden. Christr. 318, Jas. .. 147 
BuDLBiGH, E.. All Saints .. 191 
Bugber. Wm. . . . . 200 

Buggs, Ant. .. ..48 

Builders' Accounts .. 152 

Bull. Rich., Wm. .. .. 172 

Bull als Bole, Maria, Wm. •• 14 
Bulleid, A. ,, 43, 121 

Bulleid, Ar. . . 230, 23? 

Bulley, Margaret ,, 18, 26 

Bun, John, Susan .. ..317 

Bunkley, Wm. .. ..168 

Burbydge. Robt. . . . . 148 

Burd, Joane, Tohn ..214 

Burden, Dorotny . . ..52 

Burgi in Com. Dors. , , 199 

Burke, Edmund . . . . 277 

BuRLAND. Name and Place 


Burley. Eliz., Thos. 

97. i5i» 185 
269. 341 



Burnett, John . . . . 265 


Borrow Chappell . • • • ^3 

Bortchett, Wm. .. .. i86 

Barton. Thos. .. 213,216 

Barton 0/5 Selbie, Joan .. 213 

Bortcm als Lannynge, Mary . . 216 
Barton Bradstock Church . . 138 
Barton, Long 63, 113. 133, 140 

Burton-Pynsent .. •• M 

Bartt, Jos. .. .. 3>4 

Bary, Art. 98, Canon John 99, 

Mary 100, Rich... .. 263 

Bash. Mary, Wm. •• .. 214 

Bushel Iron •• ••39 

Butleigh .. 152.153.298 

Batlcr, Henry 318* John ..304 

Batton, Bp. •• ..191 

Boxton, Anna, Sir Thos. . . 296 

Byles, Robt. ,. 116,119,303 

Bjmdon, Libertas de .. 199 

Byssoppe, Robt. . . . . 200 

Cable. Sam. • • 34 

Cadbary, S., Dedication of . . 43 
Cadbury, Dbbds relating to 

North and South . . 109, 335 
Cade, Arminella, John, . . 26J 

Cadie. Dorothy, Nicb. . . 148 

Caedwold, St. ., ..47 

Caffbcombb, Chaffcombb .. 115 
Calb, Cawle or Callbw 

Weston .. ..81 

Cale, a river-name . . . . 273 

Calew, John le . . 83 

Calewe, Radulphas le.. 81 

Callew Weston . . . . 192 

Cambridge. Holy Trin. Ch. . . 338 
Cambridge, St. John's Coll. 271 
Camel, a river-name . . 273 

Camm, J. B. . . . . 192 

Campion. Red . . • • 27 

Canford Magna Ch. . . 60 

Cantok, Wm. de . . • • ^55 

Canoe, Ancient, Glastonbury, 121 
Carant, John, Wm. . . ..81 

Carent, Wm. .. ..102 

Carew, Sir Peter . . . . 223 

Carewe, Anthony . . • • 93 

Carey, Eliza . . . . 283 

Carols 63, 113, 133, 179, 227, 

268, 329 
Carpenter, Alice 14, Wm. . . 243 
Carricke, Robt. . . 133, 220 

Carswell, Alice, Robt. ..318 

Carter, Fras., Margt., Rich. .. 216 
rtwright, Joan . . . . 316 

rye, John, M.P., 5. John ..211 

Case, Wm. .. .. 216 

Casse, Agnes, Thos. . . 50 

Castell, Hen. .. .. 154 

Castle, Chas. 155. Mrs. Cath., 

Hen. 154, Wm. .. 156 

Castle Carv and Carye 143, 146, 211 
Catcote, Charch of . . . . ti 

Catherlogh (Ireland) . . 219 

Cattle-Stealing in Somt. 
AND Dorset .. ..131 

Caundle Marsh .. .. 326 

Cecilia, St. . . • • 43 

Cerne, The Book of .. 283 

Cerne Abbas .. ..22 

CH. .. .. .. 226 

Chafe Family , , . . 138 

Chaffee, W.H. .. ..115 

Chaffey, Jas.. Joane, and Maud 250 
Chaffey als Chambers, Mary . . 167 
Chaffie. Thos. . . . . 30 

Chaffin. Arms of . . . . 210 

Chaffin, Geo., 209, Wm. .. 210 

Chaffy, John .167 

Chafie, Audrie. Rich. ..318 

Chafin of Chettle . . . . 209 

Chafin. Rev. Wm. . . . . 182 

Chamber, Joan, 212, Sir John . . 30A 
Chamberlaine, John. Katn. . . 330 
Chamberlyn, John, Wm. . . 200 

Chambers ah Chaffey, Mary . . 167 
Champemowne, Lady Anna .. 316 
Channte, Christian . . . . 6 

Chantries, Dedications of • • 44 
Chapman, James (Bishop), 

Memorials of •• I59 

Chapman,Christ., John, 51. 127, 167, 
Hen. .. -.324 

Chard stock. Coaxden in . . 306 

Charles II. at Coaxden Hall 306 
Chase, Charity, Wm. . . 167 

Charterhoase on Mendip . . 229 
Chadcbr. Gbof.. Somerset .< 156 
Chaunte, Jas., 260. Luce . . 261 

Chaaser. or Chaucer, Thos. . . 156 
Cheddar Lost Register . . 38 
Cheddar Overseers.. .. 115 

Cheddar, Sunken Ship at . . 343 
Cheddar Vicarial Oblations 78 
Cheeke. John . . . . 263 

Chelvey, Armorial Bearings 
AT .. .. .. 278 

Chelvey Court .. ..279 

Chepman als Barber, Anne, 

Hen. 51, 168. Owen .. 168 

Cheriet, John . . . . 302 

Cheriton, N.. Charch of . • 10 

Cherrett, Thos. . . . . 60 


Chest of Alms . . "57 

Chettle Estate 210, House . . iSs 
Chettle. Henry, Susan . . 49 

Cheuerill Avice, Christr. . . 94 

Chichester, Bp. of . . • • I59 

Chilcote, John, Ridi., Thos. . . 339 
Chilcott of Co. Dorset 279, 339 
Chilcott, Chris., Clorenda, 
Hannah, Robt., 279, Mary 
280, Robt.. 339. Wm. 280. 339 
Childes, John .. ••235 

Chilton Cantelo. Skull at ..136 

Chinnock, Ann, Eliz..Thos.,Wm. 202 
Chipp.Joan .. .. 263 

Chitty, Mrs. . . . . 297 

C. H.M. . . 143, 2|9, 297, 286, 328 
Choristers, Fining of • • '5 

Chr, W.,, .. .. 284 

Christie. Mrs. . . . • 29 

Christon, Church of j 1 3. /' 5X . 11 
C. H. Sp. P., 3. 29, 79, 108-150. 

Church, CM. .^ ..178 

Church, E. M. . . . . loi 

Churchill. H.. 119, Elianore. 
John 93, Mary 252, Rich. 316, 
Edith, John, Phyllys, Wm. . . 200 
Cistercian Order . . . . 55 

C.J.R. .. .. 339 

Clarcke, Nycolas, Myles . . 6 

Clark. C. J. 239. Mrs. Swan 

267, Wm. .. .. 200 

Clarke. Ann. 148. Bridget 167. 
Cecilia. Dorothy. Edm. 7, 
Edw. 8. Eliz. 7. Jas. 36, Joane 
8, John 292. John Collens 6. 
Mary 7. 271, Nich. 4. 7. iaS, 
Rich. 283, Robt. 7. Sam. 66. 
Thos. 146, 167. Ursula 7. Wm. 292 
Clarke als Pit, Frances . . 166 

Clarke als Raymond. Sarah . . 146 
Clavell. Eliz. 263. John 94, Roger 20. 

Clavill. Joan, Roger de . . 256 

Clearke, Thos. .. ..212 

Clerk's Wages .. ..117 

Clevedon. Sir Edmond 257, 

Hester, Wra. .. ..65 

Clewer, Somerset, Tything of . . 299 
Cliffe, Thos. . . • • J^ 

Clifton, Jervase . . . . 66 

Clinton, Hon. Mark. Lord 130. 184 
Clothier, Wm. .. ..265 

Cljrst Formyson . . . . 3» 

Coiaixden Cups . . 3 'o 

CoAXDEN Hall & Chas. II. . . 306 
Cobley, Rev. John . . . . 38 

Cocke. Geo.. Rich . . • . 263 

Cockeram. Ann. Wm. . . 31S 

COCKLODK 8c COGLODK 1 36, l6l-2 

Cogan. Sarah . . • • 309 

Cogan Family . . . . 306 

Cogan Arms .. ..311 

Coggan. Christr. Henry. Joane, 

John .. .. ..165 

Cogges. a place-name .. 163 

Cokeden. Hundred de • • 193 

Coker, Joane 214. 316, John 

Rogers 59, Martha, Mary, 

Math. ^16. Rich. 318, Robt. 

214, 316. 318. Roger ..214 

CoKER, East, Register . . 35 
Cokshete .. .. i^ 

Colby, Frederic T, .. ..184 

Cole, Frances 51. Jno. 95. 263, 

Mary 263. Thos. .. 51 

Cole als Bowyer, Christr.. 

Martha .. ..168 

Coleman, J. 12, 38, 78, 115. 153. 

Coleman. John . . • • 49 
Coleman als Rabbatts, Matilda 49 

Coleridge. Lord J.D., S.T. ..221 

Coleridge Cottage . . . . 160 

Coles. John. Margt. . . 94 

Colet. John . . . . 248 

Coleton Family • • 99 

ColiasEdusa .. ..96 

Collard. Amias. Joan .. 318 
Collens. Ann. AUce 6. Joane 7. 
John 4, 6. 8. Kath. 8. Marie. 

Robt.. Thos. . . . . 6 

Collett, E. . . . . 28 

Collett, Jos. .. .. 330 

Colley. Ann. Henry . . 1 76 
Collier. Geo. 15. Wm. Frides- 

wide .. .. .. 21J 

Collins, John, Ursula . . 168 

Collins of Salisbury .. 157 

Colmer. Ed. .. ..186 

Colt, Thos. . . . . 86 

Colwill, Barth. .. ..168 

Colyfordestre, Hundr. de . . 195 

Colyton. plague at . . . . 63 

Colyton Unitarian Congrega- 
tion .. •• «7 
Combe Abbas (Cumb) .. 191 
Combe Hay. Church of ..11 
Combe, Walt. .. ..318 

Comer, Jos. 265, Wm. . . 334 

Committee of Privileges .. 143 

Communion Flagon . . 337 

Compton Dundon . . . . 26 

Compton Durvill 7. 99. 85 


*Compton Pansford ..211 

Compton Family .. .. 251 

Compton. Eve 57, Henry 57. 59, 

Jas. 255. Mary 58, 62, Sam. . . 62 
Compton, Theodore 69. 80, 196 

Comynge, Rose .• ..148 

Congresbary Church 44, Court 

Roll .. ,. ..217 

Conner, P.S.P. . . 227, 340 

Connocke, Eleanor, Wm. . . 216 
Constantine, Wm. . . . • 79 

Conway Family .. ..312 

Conway, Ann, Jas., Joan, John, 

Mary 312, J. Cdgan, Robt. 309 
Conyar. St. . . * • 44 

Cooke, Mary 214; Penelope 139, 

Thos... .. ..211 

Cooke als Reynolds. Amy, Thos. 263 
Coombe Abbey .. ..29 

Cooper, Henry 263, Robt. 4. 

Mary. Uby . . . . 216 

Cooth. John . . . • 184 

Copplestone. Edw.. Eliz. . . 94 

Coran, St., Church of .. 127 

Corfe Castle . . 78. loi 

Corp, Eliz. . . . . 137 

Corse Bell .. ..75 

Cosens, Arthur 73, Fred., Gert., 

Rev. Robt. . . . . 140 

Cotes, Joane . . • • 30 

CotUU, W.H. . . 37. 340 

CoTTBLL Family . . . . 36 

Cotton, Dorothy 93, Henry 100, 

Rich. .. .. ••93 

Cotton als Joliffe, Cecilia . . 93 
Cottrell, Mary, Thos. . . 2x6 

Coum. John . • . « 184 

Councell, Agnes, Wm. . . 95 

"Courageous Captain. The *' . . 173 
Court Rolls, Somerset ••217 

Courtenay, Peter .. .. 258 

Courtney, W. P. . . • • 99 

Cousens, Matthew . . . . 1 10 

Coventry. John .. ..219 

Coward, Geo. 212. Nich. 22, Wm. 211 
Coward, Blanchard R. .. 342 

Cowringe, Thos. . . . . 93 

Cowringe als Harbyn. Eleanor 93 
Cox. Edward 332. Hugh 14, 

John 266, Margery 14, Susan 333 
Cox als Warren, Ann. Henry . . 216 
Crabb. John .. 119,318 

Crabbe, Joan .. •• 9S 

Craddock, Math. . . . • 1 1 1 

Cradock. Dorothy. Rich. ..318 
Cranbome, 142, 182, 206, Chase 

70, Hund. de . . ..197 

Cranbornb Trade Tokbn •• 154 
Crandon, Agnes, John . . 15 

Crane, Joham 5, John •• 117 

Crannog. meaning of ..122 

Crannogs and lake dwellings . . 121 
Cray, Mary, Nich. . . • • '47 

Crayton, H.J, ., ..182 

Creche, Rich. .. .. 200 

Crediton Mills .. ..181 

Crbbdy, THE Rivbr-Namb .. 15 
Creese, Eliz., Thos., Wm. .. 147 
Creslow, Nath. . . . . 00 

Crib, Henry, John , . . . 292 

Cribb. Arthur, Marie . . 289 

Cripps. Mrs. . . . • 266 

Croade. Alice, Anastasia, John 

216, Rich. .. 168,216 

Crocker, John .. ..127 

Croke.John.Knt.. Dame Rachel 263 
Croker. Alicia .. -.177 

Cromme, Jas., Lidia 292. Ric. 290 
CRodKED Stick . . • • 237 

Croscombb, Inscription at 133. 184 
Cross, J. .. ..286 

Cross. John . . . . 60 

Cross & Pile . . 280, 339 

Crouch. Rob. 57, Wm. . . 95 

Crowcombe Church Spire. 

Destruction OF.. .. 275 

Crukern. John .. ..241 

Crutch, Mary R. . . . . 324 

Cuckhamsley, Derivation of . . 47 
CulHford, Anne, Rog. . . 148 

Cupper, John .. ..12 

Curley, Nic. . . . . 303 

Curoo, Sir Wm. . . 304 

Curry Malet, Church of .• " 

Curry Rivel 128, 140 

Custody of Stour and Frome 17 
Cynlaeth, Lord of . . . . 227 

Cyriac, S. .. ..342 

A 26, 38, 39, 115, 120, 135, 176, 190, 
192, 240, 282, 296 
Dabynot. Thos. ,, •• *^5 

Daccomb, Selina . . . . 168 

Dackam, Frances, Mellior, Nich.. 

Sarlina .. ..6 

Dackombe, Mary .. •• 95 

Dalby, John .. ..138 

Dale. Eliza, Henry. John, 

Matthew, Wm. .. ..18c; 

Dalison, Rev. R. W. H. 135, 28^ 
Dally, Eliz.. John 216. Mary .. 107 
Damynge, John. Moses . . 148 

Dan. the Smuggler . . 207 

Dancing in Churches .. 151 

Daniel, W.E. .. 17,213,224 


Dare. Edw. 314, Edith, Geo. .. 263 
Darknbll Arms .. .. 340 

Darter a/5 Daughter, Wm. .. 216 
Darville (Durville) . . . . 85 

Dashwood, Robt. 169, Thos. . . 263 
Daubsmby Family . . 18, 80 

Daubeney, Alida, Avida, Sir 

Giles 87, Lord Henry . . 132 

Daubeny, W. .. ..163 

Daunce ai$ Ludlowe, Hu^ . . 95 
Davidge.Christr. 13, Tohn.Philip 147 
Davidge als Moone, Martha . . 13 
Davie, Wm. , . 168, 263 

Davies, Rev. Dav. 226, Miss 201, 

Wm. .. .. .. 168 

Davis, Mat. . . . . 334 

DavisoD, Eliz., Hen. 179, John 127 
Davye, Andr., Joan 50. Nich., 

John, Rich., &un. .. 216 

Dawe, Anne 146. Elisha 94, 

Grace 216, John 164, Nich. 

146. Susan 94, Thos. ..216 

Dawkins. Prof. Boyd . . 122 

Deadman Crossroads .. 207 

Deandon Hamell . , . . 256 

Dearden Hamelin . . . . 256 

"Decreta," Theodore's .. 45 

Dbdications of Sombrsbt 

Churchbs 10, 43, 91, 133, 224 
Dedications of Chantries . . 44 
Dbeds, Old. Examine well.. 325 
Delalynde, Sir Geo. .. 302 

Delftware Communion Vessels. 

Closworth ., .. 164 

Dell, John, Joseph . . . . 93 

Delwyne. J. .. ..299 

Demmott. Rich., Robt. . . 263 

Denham, M. A. .. 132 

Dennis, Joane, John 232, Robt. 272 
Dennynge, Mary, Thos. . . 147 

Dennys, Dorothy, Eliz., Frances, 

Jonas, Thomazine •• 3»9 

Densher, Ciprian, Edw. ..214 

Derbie. Henry ., ••51 

Derby, Wm. .. ..288 

Derleffa, Durandus , , 256 

Deusdedit, Abp. . . . . 8 

Devenish, Francis . . .. 15 

Devenish als Allen, Joan . . 15 

Deverus, Rich. . • . . 222 

Devil's Cows .. ..182 

Devil's Drive ..130 

Dewdney, Christian . . 316 

Dewe, John, Mary . . . . 214 

Dewey, John, Mary , . 94 

Dewrick, E. S. .. .. 29^ 

Dewy, Jas. 20, Thos. Wm. ., 167 

Deyne, Sacring bells at • • 75 

D. H.S. . . 325. 326 

Dibdin, Annie 333, Thos. . . 332 
Dicker, W. .. 268, 329, 331 

Digby, Col. John, Lord . . 328 

Ditcheat, Foss road at ..211 

Dodington, Tragedy at . . 160 

Dodsham, Wm. . . . . 258 

Dole, Dorothy . . • • 95 

Dole als Stronge, Cecily • . 95 

Dolinge, Henry, Jane ••3^9 

Dollinge, Anth. . . • • M? 

Donne, Eliz., Jas. John, Jos., 

Sam., Wm. •. .-319 

Dooche, Joan, Rich. . . 50 

Doogood, Thos. . . . . 168 

Dorchester and St. Birinus . . 45 
Dorchester, Hell there loi, 125 

Dorchester, H. Trinity . . 231 

Dorchester Hospital (and 

Farthing) .. 104,133.163 

Dorchester Register . . 232 

Dorkecestria •• ••4^ 

Dorotheus, St. • . • • 97 

DoRSBRS, see Dorsetshire 

DoRSERS •. •• 183 

Dorset Administrations 12, 49, 

93, 146, 165, 213, 261, 316 

*• Dorset Characters " . . 192 

Dorset Christmas Carols 

63. "3.133. "79. 227, 268 
Dorset Church Goods .. 301 
Dorset Deeds . . 234, 332 

Dorset Editor 29, 92, 109, 112, 113, 
165, 172. 176. 179, 229, 233. 260, 280 
Dorset Parliamentary Committee 199 
Dorset Record Series .. 230 
Dorset Sessions .. ••37 

Dorset Smugglers 53. 205, 280 
Dorset & Somerset Place 

Names .. ..80 

Dorset Subsidy Roll . . 192 

Dorset Wills, Calendar of 176 
Dorset Wills .. ..230 

Dorsetshire Dorsers 

132, 183, 225, 277 
Dory. John .. ..113 

Dositheus Wybr . . • • 97 

Dosserman .. .. 226 

Doulting, River Name . . 27J 

Doune, Johanne .. .. 238 

Dowdinge, Alice . . . . 263 

Dowland, Rev. Edmund • . 25 

Dowlinge, Alice, Steph. ..216 

Down, Wm. .. ..116 

Down Hall, Kent . . . . 69 


Downe als Singleman, als 

Tucker. Margt. .. ..95 

Doyly, CholmeUitius, 34, John, 

Norris, Ursula .. .. 166 

Drake, Henry .. ..316 

Drokensford, Bp. .. 43.190 

Droven, ais Okeley, Mary . . 168 
Druel, John, Nich. . . . . 286 

Drust, Nich., Rector of 

Marnhull «. .. 286 

Druett, Rich. . . . . 286 

Dniid Stones. Stanton Drew ..221 
Drury, Martha loi, 133, 176, 220 
Dublin Law Courts .. 171 

Ducke, Arthur . . . . 109 

Duke, Rich. . . 83 

Duffet, George 59, Henry 61, 

John 61, Peter 22, 58, 61, 

Wm... .. 61,62 

Dugdale, Philip 116. Sir Wm.. . 219 
Dun. Mary, Robt, . . . . 50 

Dunckerton, Hugh . . ..212 

DuNCOMB, Hbrcy and Hamet . . 226 
Dundry, Church of 
Dundry Ridge 
Dune's Weston .. 
Dunkirk, Soldiers from 
Dunottar Castle 

Dunstan, St. . . . . 300 

Dunster.. .. 63,203,329 

Durburgh, John de • • 257 

Durleigh. Church of ..11 

Dumford, Jas. 7, Wm. 5, 6 

Durst on, Wessex .. ..136 

Durweston Church . . 41 

Dyer. John . . . 272 

Dyke, Eli z., John ., .. 330 

Eames. Alice, Rich. 214 

EarU.J. .. 126, 162 

Earle. Prof. 11, 218, 281, 169, 172 
EarU, Chas. S, .. -.175 

Earle. Family OP.. .. 175 

Earnest monev . . • • 56 

Earns Hill, Church of . . 11 

East Budleigh, All Saints. . 191 
East Coker Register (Extract) 35 
East Elworth (Dorset) . . 153 

East Hendred, Fire at . . 23 

Easter Leazes . . • • 72 

East Pennard (Brass Medal) . . 17 
East Pennard Registers . . 211 
East-haimes, Gillinghnm . . 73 
Eastmond, Joan, Thos. . . 168 

B'B. ., .. 149, 171 

Ebume, John .. ••317 

Ebume als Gray, Anne . . 317 





Ebume als Warden, Jane . . 316 
Ecgerd's hel .. ..126 

Echingham, Ann . . . . 233 

Echtemach, Luxemburg .. 151 

Edbrook, Lawrence . . 335 

Edgcmmbi, E, R. Pearce . . 164 

Edgar. Robt. . . ..119 

Edgeworth, Miss . . • . 3»5 


81. 179. 230. 271, 280, 342 
Edmonds. Annice. Martha. 254. 

John Baker 98, 254, Barsheba, 

Stephen, Thos. . . 
Edmonds als Sprake, Joane 
Edmundes, Dr John 
Edwards, L. 
Efell, Einion 
Egerdon, Hundred de 

Eldeway, Stalbridge 
Eligius, St. 
Elm, Somerset 
Elmes. Nath. 
Elworthy, F, T. 
Elworthy, Mr. 
Ellacombe, Canon . . 
Ellacombe's Hist, of Bitton . . 
Ellis, Ann, John . . 
Ellsworth, R. 
Ellyott, Joan, Rich. 
Elvers (Lampreys) . . 
Endicot, Capt. 
Englishcombe Church 
Englowes, Arms at 
Enmore Green, Dorset 
Enmore, Malet op 
Esse, James, 32, Roger de 

Evans, Christian, John 
Everard, Ellen, John 
Evercreech, Court Rolls of 
Every, Barbw-a, John 
Ewens, Alex., 109. Matt.. Ralph, 

Eweme Minster 
Examine well Old Dekds . . 
Exennium. Meaning of 
Exford, Church of 
ExMooR Forest . . 
Facy, John, Alice . . , . 

Fairfax. Lord 
Fairwell, Sir Geo. •• 
Fairwell, Arthur=Mary 


Fane, Sir Spencer Ponsonby . . 

.. 319 
241, 248 
• • I9« 
.. 227 
.. 195 
.. 29 
.. 83 



79. 22^ 
100, 281 

.. 78 
.. 163 
.. 216 
.. 335 
.. 147 
.. 181 
.. Ill 

.. 278 
.. 297 
.. 255 
.. iqi 
.. 280 
.. 283 
. 94 
.. 3J9 
.. 217 










Farewell, Captain .. •• 34* 

Fambury, (Farmborough) .. 131 
Fathers, Giles .. 14, 15, 51 

Farthing Token, Cranbome ., 154 
Farthing, The H. D., Dor- 
chester .. .. 163 
Faulkner, Mr. .. .. 325 
Fauntleroy, Henry 214, Wm. 169, 251 
Fauntleroy als Punchard, 

Dorothy .. ..214 

Fauntleroy als Rideout, Mary.. 167 
Fawne, Jas. . . • • 59 

F.B.,. . . . . 160 

Feet of Fines (Somerset) .*• 190 
Fenton, Agnes .. ..317 

Fesatashon (Visitation) . . 22 

Festing. Sir Francis Wogan, 

Rt. Rev. John Wogan . . 190 

Ffackener, John . . • • 57 

Ffeildinge, Mrs. Mary . . 23 

Ffloyd, Anne, Daniel, John, 

Martha .. • '55 

Ffrie, Alice . . . . 270 

Ffrier. Robt. . . . . 288 

Fichet. Galfrid. Gaulter, 256, 

Hugh 255, Robt., Thos. . . 257 
Field Names, East Knoyle, , 

Wilts .. -.39 

Field Names, Stalbridge, 

Dorset .. 188.224,295 

Field Names, Winscombe, 

Somerset .. ..70 

Fifet, Jas. .. .. "9 

FUliter.Edw. .. ..229 

Filton, Church of . . ..11 

Fire at Handley . . ..70 

Firth. C.H. ..88 

Fisher. Oath.. Jas. . . . . 216 

Fbhery Boards anticipated .. 17 
Fishing in the Tone and 

Parret .. .. i8i 

Fishing Superstition .. 3^5 

Fittahot . . 226. 276 

Fitz-Gerold. Wadin • • 86 

Fitzhardingc. Viscounty of . . 156 

Fitz-James. John 241, 248. 

Margt. 216. Bp. Rich. 248, 

Penelope, Robt. 316, Thos. .. 216 

Fitz-Roger. John .. ..233 

Fitzurs, .. ..257 

Fitzwilliam, Sir W. .. 222 

Fivian, Gulielmus .. ..212 

Flambert. Ambrose, Joan . . 95 

Flambord, John . . H 

Fleete.GuUhelmus.. .. 204 

FleUker. Walter J. .. •• ^50 

Flipping, Robt. . . 59» ^i 


Floide, John .. ..61 

Flory, Edmund, John . . 238 
Flower Names, Somerset .. 341 

Flower de Luce Inn . , 207 

Floyd Family .. ..182 

Floyd, Rev. John .. ..182 

Floyer.G.W, .. ..34 

Foljambe.C.G.S. ., ..162 

FoLK-LoRE, Somerset and 

Dorset ,, ..176 

Folke .. .. 138, 14a 

Fontnell Magna .. ..131 

Food Rents , . . . 34 

Fooke, Robt. .. ..319- 

Ford als Hulet, Saphira . . 148 

Ford, Roger de . . . , 298 

Fordingbridge, Fire at . • 23 

Forester of Petherton Park .. 156 

Forgotten Tithes .. ..78 

FoRSTER Family . . . , 296- 
Forster, Deborah. Josiah, Wm., 

Rt. Hon. Wm. Ed. . . 296 

Fortescue, Hon. Mrs. , . 202 

Forward, Thos .. ..213 

Foster, J. J. .. ..132- 

Foster, Mr. .. ,. 225 

Fowe, Sir Chris. . . , . 304 

Fownes, Eliz. . . . . 31 

Fox and Goose Inn . , 265 

Foy, John, Sibill . . . . 94 

Foyle, Edw., Eliz. .. 214 

Frampton, Hundred de . . 198 

Frampton, Eliz. 146, Geo. 234, 

Robt. 146, Wm. .. ..61 
Franceis, Aslizea. Johannes, 

Rich, le, Robt. . . . . 160. 

Francis, John . . . . 132 

Franck, John . . , . 146 

Franklin, Geo. .. ..235 

Frauncey, Willielmus Le . . i6o- 

Fray between Dragoons and 

Smugglers .. .. 206 

Freake, Geo. . . . . 263 

Freckenham Church .. 41 

Free Fishery .. .. I7 

Freeman, John 59, Thos. . . 292^ 

Freeman, Prof. .. ..281 

Freke. SirWm. ..83 

French, A. D. Weld . . 160 

French, Different spellings of . . 160 

Fresco Paintings . . . . 201 

Freshfield .. .. I79 

Freshford, John of . . . . ^79 

Freshford .. ..32 

Frey, Rich. . . 200 

Frith .. .. .. 84 

Frome (River) Custody OF .. ir 



Fromb Frbb Church .« loa 

Fromb Charity Dbbds 75, 237 
Frome, Mr. G. . . . . 22 

Froome, John, Wm. . , 167 

Fry of Eweme . • . . 280 

Fry, E, A. 154, 176, 230. 234. 279 
Fry, Geo. S. 30. 50. 52, 95. 148, 175, 
216, 264, 280, 234 
Fry. Alice. Christr. 263, Geo. 50, 
168, John 51, 154, 234, 316, 
319, Matthew 60, Marie 333, 
Mary 146, Margt. 216, Robt. 
59. 319. 333. Simon 216, Thos. 
50. 95. '46, 333. Thomazine 
319, Wm. .. 319.33* 

Fry, Sir Richard .. 30 

Fry als Goodall, Dulcibella . . 168 
Fry's Wbll, Chilcomptoh 175, 226 
Frye, Henry . . 59. 61 

Fryer, Ann, John .. ..129 

Folhorst, Geo. . . • • M 

Fomeanx, Galf. 257, Mat. de 256, 

Rich, Simon .. ,. 257 

Fumess Felb . , . . 65 

Fursdon, Petronella, Agnes, 

Geo. 216. Wm. .. ..166 

Fussell, Arthur 60, John . . 59 

F, W. W. 48. 165, 226. 277, 339 
Fysher, Mary. John 6, Wm. . . 303 
Gaieh, Joan, Wm . , , , 146 

Galatia " Nigra " . . . . 6 

Galer, Joane, John . • • 51 

Galhampton, John .. .. 30 

Gallies, Thos. . . . . 264 

Galling, Sara . . . . 52 

Gall3rp)m, Johne, Marion . . 200 
Galton, Cath,, Thos. ..316 

Gammon, Rich., Thos. , . 263 

Gamut (as a punishment) 
Gannet. Mr. 

Gante. toane .. .. 200 

Gaol l^ney .. 57.117 

Gardner. Rich. . . . . 148 

Gardner als Rideout als Red- 
wood. Ann. Edw. ..214 
Garland, Rich. .. •• '54 
Garland Day .. ..231 
Garrett. Mr. .. .. 212 
Gatehouse. Abraham .. 272 
Gauden, Hen. . . 
Gauntlett, Jane, Thos. . . 93 
Gavel, Meaning of . . . . 152 
Gawterell. Rich. . . . . 200 
Gaylerd, Robt. ., ••93 
Gaylord. Emme, Peter .. 317 
Geare, David, Mary . . 168 
Geld, St.. or Gyles, St. . . 44 

.. 118 

Gbnbalogical Puzzlb 115, 149 
Genens. Eliz. . . . • 56 

Genge, Erasmus. John . . 51 

George, St., Chapel. Windsor. . 25, 
George. Francis . . 

G. E, S. .. 26. 152, 214 

Gey. John, Mary •• .. 214 

G. F. R. .. •• 131 

Gibbon. Lucy. Sidrac 214, 216. 

Nich... . ..266 

Gibbon als Lyne, Cath. •• 93 

Gibbs. Isaac. John . . ••216 

Gidley Castle .. ..69 

Giffard. Osbortus .. ..7^ 

Giflford. Wm. . . . . 100 

Gigger. John. Laurence .. 216 

Gilbert, Wm.. Abb. of Brewton, 

Bp. of Mayo .. 241.248 

Gill, Edmund 23, Mrs .. 98 

Gillett, Cath.. Henry .. 50 

Gillingham, Chas., Hen. 14. 

Joane. Rich. .. ..316 

Gillingham, Dorset .. 72 

Gillingham Manor . . . . 297 

Gilmore. Andrew Geo. . . 204 

Glaesting (Glastonbury) .. 209 

Glaisher. Mr. .. ..150 

Glanvilles Wootton, Rect. of . . 138 
Glasse, John .. ..332 

Glass, Andent . . . . 203 

Glaston, Henry de . . . . 200 

Glaston & Shaston Abbeys. 

Somerset Sayings on .. 188 
Glastonbury, Waterways of 

Abbot of .. .. 298 

Glastonbury. Canoe found at 121 
Glastonbury Register at Long- 

leat .. .. .. 218 

Glastonbury, British Vill- 
age Discovered at. 42. 122. 23a 
Glatenelon, British Name 

for Somerset .. ..209 

Glisson. Mary. Walt. 263. 317 

Glossop, Rev. Chas. . . . . 142 

Goathill, Rector of . . ..218 

GoDDARD, Edmund . • 279 

GoDDARD, John, of Brodforth 182 
Goidard, W.C.G. ,, .. 279 

Goddard. Alice 182. Amys 321. 

Edm.. Jane 182, John 73, 303. 

Mary 72, Rich., Walt. . . 182 

Godmanston (Dorset) . . 140 

Godney.. .. 122,299 

GodneyMoor .. ..121 

Godwin. Wm. . . .309 

Godwyn,Thos..Bp.of B. &W. 




Godwyn, John, Mary 214. Paul 39 
Golden, John . . . . 205 

Goldsmiths' Patron Saint . . 41 
Goldwyer, Mr. . , . . 267 

Gollopp, John •• ..317 

Gomershay .. .. 224 

Gontram, King of Burgundy . . 284 
Good, Thos. . . . , 304 

Goodall als Fry, Dulcibella . . 168 
Gooddell. David. Dnlsabella . . 168 
Goodfellowe als Moores, Eliz. . . 93 
Goold well. John ,. ..321 

Gooslyng, Wm. • . . . 200 

Gordano, Walton in, Weston in, 

Easton in, Clapton in . . 178 

Gordenland •• ..178 

Gordonesland .. ..191 

Gorges Coat of Arms, 
quarterings in.. .. 278 

Gorges, Walter .. ..278 

Gortley, John, Simon ,, 51 

Gotherton, Hundred of . . ^94 

Gould, Jas., Joane .. ..167 

Goulde, Jas.t Joan . . • . 14 

Gover, Jonadab . . . . 146 

Grandison, Lord • . . • 87 

Grane. John , . . , 336 

Gray a/s Ebume. Anne .. 317 

Great Bedwin, M.P. for * . 48 

Great Bushey . . . . 224 

Great Grimsby, Haven of . . 23 
Greasley. Geo., Walsingham . . 168 
Green. E. 179. 190, J. R. ..8 

Greene, Jerome 95, John 94, 263, 
316. Margt. 94, Mary 95, Matt. 
293, Rachel . . . . 73 

Gregory, Arthur, Christian . . 94 
Grene, Giles, M.P. . . 78, loi 

Grene, John . . . . 78 

Grey, Anne .• .. iii 

Griggs. Geo., Sarah, • ., 319 

•• Grove, The," Monthly Mis- 
cellany .. ..192 

Grove, Jane, Joane 216, Thos. .. 102 
Grove als Ancketill, Margt. . . 216 
Grove als Lowe, Mary . . 216 

Groves, Thos. B. ,. •• I7S 

Guest, Merthyr . . . . 297 

Guisborough Cartulary .. 169 

Guldens . . . . . . 60 

Gullock. John . . . . 132 

Gumfreston. Church of . • 26 

Gundrie. Beatrice, Wm. . . 148 

Gunpowder Treason Day . . 155 

Guppie, Bernard 319, Christr. 
Edith 49, Ezekiel, Fras., 
Rebecca .. ..319 

Guppy, Eliz., John., .. 168 

Gwyer, Marian, Robt. . . 168 

H. ,. 179, 188, 218, 274. 301 
H.A.H. .. .. 224 

Haberfield, Edward . . 265 

Haddock, How Named .. 113 
Haddon, Lords de. . . . 326 

Haedda .. ••9 

Haine, Ann 186, John .. 119 

Hale, Ambrose, John . . 5 

Halewestoke, Hund. de .199 

Hall, Edw.. 261, Hen. 119, Wm. 128 
Hall als Mullens, Dorothy . . 261 
Hallett, John 49, Mary, Rich. 

146, Thos. .. ..177 

Halmotes .. ..217 

Halpeny, Robt. . . . . 238 

Haman a/s Hannam, Joan, Walt. 12 
Hamet, Hercy and Duncomb 226 
Hamlet, Sir Benj. . . . . 24 

Ham-Mills .. ..181 

Hammoom Churchwardens' 

Accounts ,, ..116 

Hampshire Hogs ,, ..132 

Hancock, F. . . 205, 271, 332, 321 
Hancock. A Local Surname . . 304 
Handleigh, Rich. .. ..388 

Handlby, The Fire at . . 70 
Handley Church Porch .. 90 
Hannam, John. Knt. 146, 166, 

Thos. 102, 146, Eleanor .. 146 
Hanham a/s Pyne. Eleanor •• 166 
Ham, Alice, Philip.. .. 263 

Hannam, Thos. 6, Joan. Walt. 6, 12 
Harberton, Viscount . . 254 

Harbin, Bridget. John 68, Rev. 

Geo. 181, Hen. 13, Joseph 272, 

Mary, Robt. . . . . 259 

Harbord, Grace, Mary, Margaret, 

Wm. . . . . . . 109 

Harbyn, John 93, Wm. . . 95 

Harden. Dr. Henry . . 265 

Hardey, Agnes, Hugh 94, Cath. 

Chas., Giles, Jane. John . . 50 
Harding, John 25, Matthew 19, 

Wm. .. .. .. 56 

Hardinpfe, Henry .. ..5* 

Hardwige. Wm., Rich. . . 265 

Hardy. Edmund 93, John 93. 

316,317, Robt. 165, Thos. 317. 

Wm. .. .. .. 51 

" Hark, Hark, what news the 

angels bring " . . . . 228 

Harlock als Selby. Jane . . 213 

Harris, Harry, John 131, Hon- 

oria, Jas. LI. . . . . 34^ 

Harrison, Lionel.Mary 146, Rich. 316 



Harrison als Hoakins. Edith ..316 
Hart. Alice 263, Wm. . . 386 

Hartlis, Sam . . . • 265 

Hartly Wintney .. ..5$ 

Harvey, Toane, Matt. . , i J7 

Harvy, Henry, Mary, Walt. . . 12 
Haselbury Plucknett •• 85 

HaskaU. Mark, MeUor .. 263 

Hastings. Henry, Dorothy 333, 

Wm. .. .. .. 158 

Hatherton. Lord •• •• 104 

Haule, John . , . • 5 

Haverfield, F. ., .. J30 

Hawhurst Gang, Smugglera • . 205 
Hawkins, Anth. 50, John 211, 

Margt., Thos. . • • . 168 

Hawles. Edm.. Eliz. . • 26z 

Haybands roR Gaiters .. 285 
Hayley, Wm. .. ..286 

Hayne, Thos. .. ..95 

Haysham, John . . . . 131 

Ha3rward, Dorothy, Rich. . . 316 
H.B. .. .. .. 151 

H. C. .. .. .. 154 

Heame, Agnes, John 13. Hugh, 

Wm. .. ., .. 148 

Heath- wean. John , . • • 5^ 

Hele House . • . . 66 

Hele Manor . . • • 33 

Hele, Ludovic . . . . 213 

Hell as a Pzacb-Namb 

loi, 125-6, 169-72, 221 
Hell. Different meanings and 

spellings .. 125, 16S 

Heilier. Thos. • . • • 94 

Helyar. Wm. . . • • 73 

Hembry. Francis . . . , 266 

Hemington Church . • 340 

Hemstead Church . . . . 41 

Henden, Solomon . . . . 272 

Henderson, Sir Edmund, Very 

Rev. W. G. . . . . 190 

Hendye, Wm. . . • • 94 

Henley, Eliz., Frances, Robt., 

Wm. .. .. ..261 

Henstrige. John . . , . 303 

Henton, Prior. Chamtry of in 

Bruton Church ,. 88 

Henton, Agnes. John , , 88 

Henvill, Joan .. ,, 317 

Henville. Matt. • . • • '54 


Herdy Moor . . . , 300 

Hertford, Earl of .. ..221 

Hethcumb .. .. 256 

Hethe, Davy . , . . 132 

Hewet, Roger . . . . 2I 


• • 287 

• • 214 

. 177 

.. 49 



Hewett, Johannes 

Hext. Eleanor, Robt 

Heydon, Benj. 

H.F, .. 


Hibberd, Rich. 

Hide, Eliz., Nathan 

HiGHMORS Family op Dorset 2 

Highmore, Abraham, Ant., 
Edward, Gabriel, Rich. 268, 
Alex, Benj., Edward, Nath.. 
Rich., Robt., Sam., Thos., .. 220 

Highmort, N,J. . . . . 22a 

Highmore Grant of Arms . . 219 

Highton, E, . . . . 29 

Hilbome, — . . . . 5a 

Hill, Cath. 141, Christian 146. 
317, Christr. 166, Dorothy 
166, Jas. 335. Joane 166, John 
141. Marg. 18, Mary 201, 
Rich. 55. Robt. i8, 166, Roger 
78. Wm. 146, .. 317 

Hill (Us Maddeme. Joan ..317 

Hine, Anne Collins. Eliza Petty 
312, Miss 310, T. C. ..309 

Hinton Charterhouse 191, 224 

Hinton Martel .. 218, 142 

Hippisley, Anne, John, Mary, 
Kose. Thos. .. ..212 

Hitchcock, John. Wm. 

Hix, John, Robt., Wm. 


H.N. .. 

Hoare, Rev. H. 

Hobbes, Phil. 

Hobbie. Warbare, Wm. 

Hobhouse, Bp, 

Hodder, Dorothy 169, Edw. 169, 
316, Geo. 169, Joane .. 316 

Hodges, Eliz. 5. Hugh 262, 
Martha. Mary 261. Thos. 102, 261 


Museum, Bath .. .. 280 

Holcombe, Gilbert 252, Giles. 

John .. .. •• 15 

Holder, Wm. . . . . 60 

Holes in a Pig's Foreleg 29, 150 
Holford, Somt. . . . . 100 

Holgatc, C.W. . . 25, 80, 296 
Hollman, Mris. Joan 289. 290, 292 
Hollocke, Alex. . . 93, 166 

Holman, Alice 93, 292. Morgan 

93. 293 
Holmes, Rev. T. S. ..217 

Holnecote .. .. 269 

Holton, Eliz.. Giles .. 49 

.. 215 
.. 168 

>5i. 159. 340 
• • 202 


88, 89, 191, 

.. 248 



HoLWAY, Wm., Rector of N. 

Chbriton .. ..165 

Hone, Wm. • • . • 209 

Hoodye. Rich. •• ..6 

Hook, WalUr .. ..226 

Hook's Wood .. ..206 

Hooper, Ann 7, Avys 5. Eliz. 5, 

7, Grace, Hannah 7, Isabell, 

Joan, John 6» Lawrence 5, 

Marge, Marie,. Patience 6, 

Susanna, Thos., Wm. . . 7 

Hope, W. H. St. John 41, 174 

Hoper, Wm. . . . . 200 

Hopton, Sir Ar., Marg., Rich. 233 
Horlocke, Mr. Thos. 21, 57 

Horn Instruments . . .. 124 

Home, John 202. Judith . . 270 

Home, Ethitbert . . . • 226 

Home als Marks, Alice . . 214 

Horsey, Dame Edith 148. Geo. 

109, Sir John 302. Ralph . . 82 
Horsey a/5 Stoughton, Dame 

Edith.. .. ..94 

Horsington (Somerset) •. 172 

Horton .. .. 140, 141 

Horwood, A. J. .. ,. 217 

Hoskens, Margt. .. •• 95 

Hoskins, H.W, . . 182, 225 

Hoskins, Henry 50, John 49, 50, 

Robt. 49, Marg. . . . . 95 

Hoskins als Harrison, Edith . . 316 
Houndle, John . . . . 335 

Hourd, Wm. .. ..169 

Houseley, John , , • • 57 

How, Morgan . , . . 332 

Howard, Dr. Jackson 86, Thos., 

Wm. .. ., ,, 166 

Howard, John, of Carbury . . 23 
•Howell ap Grifl&th 227, Davy 243 
Huchings, John 335, Jas., Sam. 336 
Huddy, Christian, Ebior, Fayth, 

John Amold, Kath., Lace, 

Samuell, Susan . . * * S 

Huett. Ann, Sam. •• •• 318 

Hughes. J. .. ..306 

Huish, Geo., Thos. ., 153 

Huish Champflower .. 91 

Hules, Eliz., Martin .. 167 

Hulet. Augustin, Frances 13, 

Wm. .. .. .. 148 

Hulet als Ford, Saphira . . 148 

Hull, loan, John, Dioniae , , 258 
Hull mrm. Horsington •• 172 

Hulson, John . . • • 24 

Hunophrey, Adlington 263. John 

146, Margt. 263, Michael . . 146 
Hunt, Robt. .. 102, 211 

Huntingdon Sturgeons . . 132 

Huntingdon, Earl of . . 109 

Huntleford .. ..80 

Huntley als Hurst, Marg. 95, 166 
Huntspill .. II, 265 

Huntworth or worthie , , 30 

Hurd, Grace, Wm. ..317 

Hurlstone, Thos. . . , , 338 

Hurst, John . , . . 166 

Hurst als Huntley, Margt. 95, 166 
Hussey, Geo. 57, Giles, Margt. 

169, Hubert 214, Nich. 214-5 

Hutchins, Hubert 313, Rich. 

317. Thos. .. 262, 317 

H.W.H. .. .. I4; 

Hyatt, Joane, Thos. , , 265 

Hylle, Wm. .. ..200 

Hyne, John 234, Eliz., Robt. . . 235 
Ibberton ,. ,,131 

Ilchestbr Gaol .. 159, 183-4 
Ilchester, Lord .. •.17 

Ilebmers, Church of ..127 

He of Cotton , . • . 23 

IleofLakaell .. ..24 

Illustrated Arch^ologist 239 
Ilton, Church of , , . . 91 

In and Out Land , , . , 224 

Index Armorial .. ,, 160 

Ingram, Rear- Admiral ,. 138 

Inoculation for Small-Pox, 

Dorset ., .. 267 

Inventories of Church Goods, 
Dorset .. ..301 

Jota .. .. ,. 104 

Isam, Henry .. ..221 

Isaac, Colonel . . . . 84 

Ischam, William . . . . 221 

IsHAM Family of Somerset 126, 

Isham, Angel, Ann, Christr., 
Eliz., Geo., Harry, Joan, John, 
Kath., Margt., Roger, Thos.. 
Wm. 126-8, Ames, Cipprian 
128, Eliza, SirEuseby, Greg. 
185, Geo. 223, John 222, Sir 
John 34, Justinian 223, Roger 
222. Thos. de ,. ..221 

Isham, H. M, A. ,, ,, 129 

Jacob, Wm. . . . . 258 

Jackson, Canon 175, Mr. .. 305 
Tacson, Roger .. ..109 

Jago, Mr. ,. .. 323 

James, Chas., Joane 263, Mary 

261, Walt. 290, Wm. .. 266 

/• B. .. .. ., 152 

J.B.H.B. .. 97»268 



Jeanes, Fras.. Rich. 264, 

Philipu)pe, Robt. ..213 

Jeffery, fsLxaes .. •• 265 

1 cflErys, John . . . . 60 

Jeneges, Grace .. .. 212 

Jennings. Henky Constantinb 63 
jenmmgs, E, .. " ^i 

Jennings. Sara . . • . 130 

Jennings, aisle. Carry Rivell .. 128 
Jenkins, Henry 116. Robt. .. X19 
Jerad. Sara . . • • 5 

Jerrard, Edmond . . • • 5 

Jesse Window . . , . 204 

Jesop. Francis. Maria .. 12 

Jessop and Symcqks .. 152 

Jessop, Dr. Barth. . . . . 292 

Jewcrs.A.J. .. 133,221 

Jewers's ** Welb Cathedral " . . 119 
Jewers. Mr. .. ..178 

teyes. Ann . . . . 109 

J.H, W. .. 302.338 

Joan. Queen of Scotland, and 

Tarrant Crawford .. 29 

Johns, Hen., Wm. . . . . 142 

oliffe als Cotton. Cecilia . . 93 
olliffe. Cath.. John 263, Martha 
166, Rev. Peter 172, Thos... 166 

JOLLIFFE, CaPT. PbTER .. 1 72 
ones. Ann, David 95, Margt. 

Wm. 51, Winslow 99, 156 

Jones als Wright, Elix. . . 262 

Jordan, Mary ., ..151 
Tordyn. Eliz., John. Silvester 13 

Jourdan, Anth., Friswell . . 95 

Ionrdayne, John . . • • ^ 
oy, Agnes. Wm. . . . . 166 
Joy als Willes, Lucy .. 166 
Joyce als Persey, Agnes . . 167 
Julius II. (Pope) . . . . 158 
Karswell, Jeffery .. .. S' 
Katharine, St. .. ..43 
Kcat, Eliz., Thos. .. ..261 
Kelleywey, Wm. . ,. 200 
Kempe als Smith, Mary . . 50 
Ken. Bishop •• 11,36 
Kendall. John .. ..6 
Kennett, Joan. John, Margt . . 15 
Kennison. Ellinor .. ..261 
Kent. Duldbella 138, Wm. . . 272 
Kentish Longtails .. ..132 
Kerslake, Mr. T. . . 15, 44 
Keynell. Christr., Eliz. , . 95 
Keynsham .. ..131 
Kidder, Bp. Richard. Auto- 
biography .. •• 35 
Kiddermaster, Eliz. ..128 
Killigrew. Sir Jos. . . . . 62 

Kimmeridge Shale . . .. 125 

King of West .Hall . . 137 

King Entries in Shbreornb 

Register .. .•'44 

King Entries in Stowell 

Register .. 260 

King. Richard, M.P. 

>43. 259-60. 328 
King. Agnes C. 142, A. G. 266. 
Arthur Treg. 143, Chas. 141. 
Chas. Edm. 139. Chas Roe 
143. Christr. Roe 142. Edith 
143. 260. Eliza 141. Eliz. 137. 

142. 260^ Emily 142. Frances 
P. H. 140, Gertrude D. F. P. 

140. Harriet 142-3. Henry 138, 
Lt. Col. Henry 139. Hen. 
Bellamy S. 140. Hen. C. J. S. 
140, Hen. Fras. 143. Hen. 
J. B. S. 140. Hen. Welchman 

143, Ida 143. Isabella 142, 
Jas. 142, 265, Jane 142. John 
137-140. 260. John Treg., 
Kath. 142, Laurence 137, 
Margt. 143, 259, Mary 142, 
147. Mary Ann. Mary Reb. 

142, Penelope 139, Penelope 
M. A. 140, Philip 147, Rich. 

143, Roe 137. 140-1, 267, Rufus 
145. 259, Sarah 138. 267, 
Sophia, Susan 142, Wm. 143, 
354, W. C. Roe 142. Rev. Dr. 257 

King Arms . . 137, 259 

King Charles's Arms . . 20 

King Ina's Palace . . . . 66 

Kinge, Mr. 37. Wm. . . 51 

Kingsbury, Court Roll of . . 217 
Kingsbury. Patience . . 133 

Kingstone, Eliz., John . . 257 

Kinigils.. .. ..47 

Kinsey, John . . . . 266 

Kirby, Mr. . . 80 

Kirley, John, Wm. . . . . 147 

Klammatores ., .. 300 

Knap, Robt. . . . . 19 

Knapton, Renald .. ..166 

Knapton als Sparrowe, Cas- 
sandra •, .. 166 
Knight, Arthur . . . . 167 

Knight als Salter, Ursula . . 167 
Knollys, Mr. ., .,222 

Knolton, Hund. of . . . . I9S 

Knovle, East, Field Names . . 39 
Knyvet, Sir Henrye .. 221 

Kolkhausen. Meaning of . . 161 

Kwukesdych, Hund. of . . 196 

Kylwereby, Robt. de . . 191 












Kymer, Gilbertus . . 
Kyng, Thos. 200, Wm. 
Kyni^e, Agoys 260. John 4, 

Kyrton, Daniel, Frances 
KvRTONy Edward of Castlb 

Gary . . 
Lacy, Wm. 

Lade or Lode, Meaning of 
Lady 0'Looney*s Burial 

Place 175, 229, 276 

Like, Meaning of . . 
Lake-Dwellings . . 42, 

Lamb, Chas. 
Lambert. Christian 95, John 95. 

317. Grace, Thos. 264, Walt. 317 
Lampreys .. ..181 

L^Msa OF Bentlby 80, 103 

Laoe, Jane .. ..80 

Langdon, Rev. F. E. W. 251. 

John ,. .. .. 252 

Lan^sford Court, Inscription at 48 
Langport-Eastover.. 128, 223 

Langton Long Blandford 

Churchwardens' Accounts 

18. 56 
Langton, Ann, Robt. . . 261 

I.Annfng, Mr. .. ..116 

Laonynge, Robt. .. ..216 

Lannyngeo/i Barton. Mary .. 216 
Larder, i<obt., Wm. .. 169 

Lathyrus Tuderosus, Linn. 276 
Laurence a/f Mannock, Fras... 261 
Lawless, Emilv . . .223 

Lawrence, Edward, Eliz. 333, 

Francis 261, George 148, John 50 
Lawrence, St., Chapel of. Bruton 88 
Lawrence tf/i Standley, Margery 148 

L$adam, I, S. 
Lbank, Rev. — .. 
I^eavett, Cath., Wm. 
Laay, Geo, 
Ledw. Edith. John 
tm,Attn 157. John 
Lccg. Walter 
luH^Wi Wright. Margt. 

l«nt^jtair« Eubtile . . 

:,jtrttv <:hTii^ , Frances 
.^m^ ^dcaach, Eii2.. Wm. 







Lisle, Geo., of Compton 

D'Urvillb .. ..84 

Lisle Family . . . . 85-7 

Liton, John . . . . 148 

Liton als Prebt, Grace . , 148 

Littleton Farm , . . • 59 

Littleton, Sir Edw. . . . • 104 

Llewellvn, E. H. ., .48 

Local Newspapers, Old ., 175 
I^ocAL Place Names, Dorset 

and Somerset .. 38, 80 

Lock, John . . . . 268 

Locke, Hew, John, Wm. , . 200 

Lockett, John , , . . 169 

Lockett als Warren. Winifred 169 
Locketts (Stalbridge) . . 84 

Lockier, Joan, John ., 14 

Locksmyth, Richd. . . 36 

Lockyer, Wm. ,, ., 318 

Lockyer als Loggett, Jas., Thos. 264 
Loder, Gilbert . . . . 167 

LoFTus, Wm., Vicar of Maxey 313 
Loggett, als Lockyer, Jas., Thos. 264 
Long, John 63, Lieut.-Col.Wm. 172 
Long Farliament . • 48* 78 

Longe, Anthony 13, Joan. Nich. 261 
Longe als Payne, Dorothy . . 13 
Longdcn, H^ I sham 34, 185, 186, 223 





Longleat, Prior of . 
Longman, Jas., Martha 
Loope, Jomi , , , . 

Lovell, Bridget 261, Geo. 61, 20, 

Rich. 261, Walter 
Lovet, Maud, Thos. 
Lovett-Cameron, Capt. 
Low Sunday 
Lowe als Grove, Mary 
Lowman. Alice, Geo. 
Ludley, John 
Ludlow, Hugh 95, Mary 
Ludlow a/5 Daunce, Hugh 
Ludwell, Lewes . , . • 

Luini's Frescoe 
Lullington, Advowson of 
Lumley, Mr. S. H. . . 
Lusbargh, Hundred de • • 

Lusche, Edmund . . 
Lushe. Wm. .. •• 

Lutrell, Alex. 
Luttrell, Sir Hugh.. 
Luxell, Joan, John . . . . 

L. W, .. 

Lydiard, Court Roll of 
Lydyet, Robt. 
• Lyme, Hist, and Antiq." 

Lyme Regis 
Ljrmon. Thos. 

, 190 
. 162 
. n^ 
' 51 
, 102 
. 18 

> 146 

> 257 

149, 206, 225 
, 200 



Lynch, Chapel . . . • 202 

Lyne, Cath. 93, 148, Henry, 
Thos... .. .. 93 

L3rne als Gibbon, Cath. . . 93 

Lytchett Hill Farm ..171 

M, ,. 97.136 

Mabely, Wm. .. ..313 

Maber, Elianore 94, Eostace, 
Grace 262, Bridget, Geo. 264, 
Henry 163, Wm. .. 94 

Mabley als Wilkins, Thos. . . 169 
Machan, John . . . . 279 

Maddeme 0/5 Hill. Joan ..317 

Madebargh. Hundred of . . 194 

Magnus Panis B. Dunstani . . 300 
Maicock. Thos. .. .. ^77 

Maiden Newton Church 
Platb .. ..282 

Malerbe, Robt. .. ..298 

Malbt of Enmors, 

Somerset .. •• 255 

Mallard, the joiner . . * . 57 

Mallet. Amisia 258, Baldwin 
255-8, Basilia 256, Eliz. 258, 
Emma 255, Hawisia, Hugh 
256, 258. John 257-8, Letitia, 
Mabill, Mary, Millizent 258, 
Raymond, Sara 256, Thos. 258, 
Walt. 257, Wm... .. 256 

Manby. G. W. ., .. '53 

Mannock, Thos. . . . . 262 

Mannock als Laurence, Fras. •• 262 
Mansell. Robt. . . - * 3^ 

Markham. Clements . . 05 

Markland. Mr. . . . . 71 

Marks als Home, Alice • • ^'4 

Marlborough, M.P. for • • 4° 

MamhuU . . 57. ^ 

Marsh Dwellings . . ..43 

Marshall, Wm. ..257 

Marshallshay, John .. 167 

Marten, Alice, Rich. . . 93 

•' Martiloge in English " . . 295 

Martin, Gerard 212-3, Hen. 213, 
John 336-7, Joseph 336. Mary 
212-3, Peter 337. Rebecca 50, 
Rich. 336, Roger 50, Thos. 
337, Wm. .. .. 212-3 

Mardne. Eliz. 212-3, Gerard 
213. Hen. 212-3, Joane 212, 
Mary 212-3, Wm. •• **3 

Martinsey Tithing . . • • 299 

Martyn, Elizabeth, Prioress 

OF Wyntney . . • • 55 

Martyn, John 56, Sir Nic, 
Susanne 330, Thos. 49, 56, 
Wm. .. .. .. 330 

Mary als Saunders, Marv • • 146 
•• Mary Ramsey's Crutch " . . 324 
Mason als Richards, Pamell, 

Thos. .. 214-5 

Mastears, Wm. .. ., 213 

MasUi^, Gtorge S, ., ••78 

Masters. Dorothy 169, Geo., 

John 50, Robt. . . . . 169 

Mathewe, John 49, Roger 49, 

169, Olive .. .. 169 

Mathews, John .. .. 292 

Maunsell, Bacon family of . . 16 
Mawdley, Roger ., ..166 

May, Ann, Euz., Roger, Thos. 317 
Mayber, Wm. .. •• 94 

Mayden Bradley , . . . too 

Maydman als Bly, Edith, 

Zacharia .. •• 167 

Maye, Wm. . . . , 364 

Mayes, Mrs. .. ••56 

Mayo, C. H. 8, 24, 29, 55. 62. 63, 

119. 136, 158, 231 
Mayo, Clement 341, John, Wm. 166 
Mayor, Dorothy, Rich. , . 93 

M. C .. ,, •• 176 

Meader, Thos. . « . . 14 

Meadway, Thos. , , , . 292 

Meare, Somerset .. 10, 122, 298 
Meare, Church of, Somerset • • 44 
Medal of St. Philip Neri .. 17 
Medlycott, Jas. 335, Eliz.. Thos. 336 
Meere, Henry 169, John (Abbot) 

81. Magd. .. ..169 

Melbury Abbas . . ..131 

Melcombe Regis . . 143, 328 

Meller, Laurence . . . . 14 

Melmoth. Berryman, Margery 264 
Melmouth. John, Ursula .. 317 
Mendip Hills .. ••123 

Meriet, John de 257, Ssrmon , . 256 
Mervin, Galfridius de . . 40 

Michell, Agatha, Bart.. Rich.. 

Thos. 262, Dr. 190. Wm. 51, 167 
Micho, Avice, Robt., Wm. .. 147 
Mico, Avice, Robert . . 14 

Middlezoy .. 9tX* 178 

Miers, R. Hanbury . . 192 

MilbomePort .. 48, 328 

Milbome, Chris., Eliz., Idithe, 

Mary 6, John , . • • 7 

Miles, Jas., John . . • . 6 

Millar, Deborah . . . . 146 

Miller, Benj. 262, Hugh 285, 
Jane. John 262, Mary 137, 
Peter, Temperance . . 147 

Milles, Christian. John . . 13 

Mills, Dr. 266. Rev. F. .. 78 



MUmr-Gibson-CuUim, G. « . 277 
Milton, John . . 286, 338 

Minterne, Lawrence, Mary . . 95 
MUchell.F. .. .. 62 

Mitchell. Eli2. 13, Jane 264, 

Mr. 66, Nich. 60, 62, Wm. 13, 264 
Mogg, Agnes, Robt. 51, Rev. 
Thos. .. ..5 

Mollry, Eliz. . . * * ^3 

Molony, Jane . . . . 276 

MoNCK, Mary=:Artrur Fair- 
well.. .. ..342 

Monday, A,l, .. .. 185 

Monmouth 8 Insurrbction :. 236 
Monopolies* Committee . . 143 

Montacute, Priory of .. 17 

Montague, Mrs. . . . . 258 


OTHBR Counties relating 

TO Son. AND Dor. . . 337 

Monuments In Selworthy Ch. 204 
Monuments in S. Pethbrton 

Ch. .. .. 31,65,98,250 

Moone, A.nth., Dionisie 13, 

Diooisius 93, Morgan 13, 

Walter .. .. 93 

Moone aU Davidge, Martha . . 13 
Moorecocke, Agnes, John . . 317 
Moores, Robt. . • • 93 

Moores aX% Goodfellowe, Eliz. 93 
Morgaine, Eliz., Thos. .. 264 

Morgan, John J04, 215, Wm. 215 
Morebath Churdb Accounts . . 47 
Moreton, Geo. 214, Wm. 214, 

215, Robt. •• •• 215 

Morkk, Mary, Nich. • . 342 

Morris, Mrs. 336, Rich. • . ii8 

Mors$,FredA, .. •• 184 

Morse, James . . . . 266 

Mortimer, Wm. .. •.257 

Motcombe, Greene of • • 79 

Moter, John ... .. 148 

Metier als Raylinge, Wm. . . 14 
MottoforS. ^•D. N. c^Q. .. 211 
M(mU, H. J. 27, loi. 126, 133, 

150, 161, 171, 172. 278, 282,343 
Monltus, Mary, Zorobabell . . 204 
Monntfort, Thos. •• ••239 

Mockelev, Sir Jas. . . • • 303 

Mndford, Ellen ..319 

Mules, Rev. Chas... .. 140 

Mullens, Eliz., John, Rich., 

Roger, Wm, 317, Sarah .. 264 
MuUeosflls Hail. Dorothy .. 261 
Mulkr, Theodor .. .. 205 

Mndacy, Frances, Thos. . . §0 
.Agues, ]6bn,Suian.. 264 


Munro, Dr. 

.. 122 

Murlinch, Lands of 

•• 257 

Musbury (Devon) . . 

•• 33 

Musgrave (Mucegros) 

.. 191 

Musten, Hugh, Rich. 

•• 5* 

Muster Master 

.. 22 

Muston. John, Sam. 

.. 116 

Mylbome, EUz., John 

, ,• 5 

Myles, Alyce, Andrew. John. 

Margery. Robt., Sara, Wm. 5 
Myth of Psyche .. .. 235 

Names of Parishes, How 

Time Changbs .. ..326 

Naper, Mr. John . . . , 293 

Napper, Frances, John .. 12 

Naseby, Battle of . . . . 87 

Nether Stowey .. 142. 160 

Nevill. Eliz., Henry .. 156 

Newall. Major-Gen. . .. 192 

Newbery, Henry, Robert .. 272 

Newbury, Battle of . . 87 

Newman, Ashwin Conway. 

Barb. M.. Margt. D. T. 142, 

Dorothy 147, Francis 336, 

Henry 147. John 117. Rich. . . 109 
Newnham's Farm, Stalbridge . . 84 
Newspapers and Magazines, 

Old Local .. •175 

Newton. Alex., 258, Bernard. 

John .. .. ..167 

Newton Copse. Somerset . . 130 
Newton Plecy, Somerset . . 156 

Nicholas, Geo., Philip . . 272 

Nicholls. John, Nich. 14. Cath., 

Thos... .. ..215 

Nichols. A. F., 160, J. 157, 

Thos. 38, Walt. 141. Rev. 

W. L... .. ,, 160 

Nightingale's Somer«et .. 136 
Normarsh. Somerset . . 178 

Norris, Hugh 16, 25, 34, 69, 70, 

88, 100, 104. 136, 171. 179.255,313 
Norris. John 33, Rich. 9^, Robt., 

Thos... .. .. 264 

Norsey, Walt. .. ..257 

Northlode, Tything of . . 299 

Northover. Agnes . • . . 292 

Norton, D.E. ., .. 171 

Norton. Geo. .. ..80 

NoRTONS OP Abbots Leigh 

AND THE Lanes . . 80, loj 

Nothey. Jas. .. ..265 

Nottley. Matthew .. ..264 

Nowell Family . . 128-9 

Noyon, See of , . . . 4' 

Nuton, Mr. .. ..57 

Nyland.. .. ..298 



Oathnnt, Walt. 
O'Biyan, Geo. 
Odber. Robt. 
Ogilvy, Sir Geo. 
Ogle, Sir Wm. 
Oke, Hanibal 
Okedon, Wm. 
Okeley. Nich. 

.. 258 
.. 34f 
95. 146 

!". 87 

.. 261 

.. 169 

.• 169 

Okeley als Droven. Mary . . 169 
Okingham. Ringiog at . . 56 

Olave. Edward . . . . 266 

Oldis, John . . . . 292 

Oliver, John 147, Dr. 99, Thos. 

60, V. L. 229. Walter .. 147 

Olivian, Francis Anth. .. 3'7 

OosER, The .. •• 27 

Oram, Courteney •• ..271 

Orchardleigh, Church of ..11 
Orchard, John 93, 285. Simon 

262, Roger 262, 318, Sidenham 

285, Thos. ., ..318 

Othen, Edw., Helen . . 49 

Otterhampton, Church of . . 11 
Onldhall, Arms of . . . . 278 

Owen Family . . . . 104 

P^^t John U. Warden 12, 126, 151 
Page, Matthew . . * . 59 

Paget, Sir Wm. . . . . 222 

Paine. Robt. .. .. 5« 

Palentone. John .. .. 200 

Palgrave, F. T. . . . 192 

Palmer, Eliza. Henry 253. John 102 
Pamboroagh, Waterway to . . 298 
Panckerst als Symes, Eiiz. . . 93 
Paneat, John . . . . 200 

Paradise, a place name ..221 

Paramorb. Thos. .. ••34 

Paramore Family . . • • 34 

Pardy, Mary. Thos. .. 215 

Pares. Robt. . . . • 257 

Parham, Henry, Martha49. John 95 
Parker, Cath. 148, Joan 13, Thos. 

ia8, Walt. .. ..13 

Paridns, Anne, John 51 

Parret River .. •• '5 

Parish Registers, A Form for 157 
Parishes and Manors, 

Somerset, Second Names 186 
Parsons, Henry White i42,Wm.i9, 59 
•• Patronage," a Novel . . 325 

Paul, Roland •• ..120 

Panle, Alice, Giles . • . . 262 

Paveley, Walter de • • 257 

Paviott, John, Philippa . . 94 

Pawlett,Wm. .. ..258 

Payne, Absalom, Eliz. 51, John 

216, Widow .. ..38 

Pftjne a(s Longe, Dorothy .. 13 
Paynet, Henricus., •• 239 

Feach. R. E. M. .. .. 241 

Piock, R. E.M. . . 282, 324 

Peak Winnard, Somerset . . 305 
Pearce, Agnes, Gabriel . . 49 

Peare, Ahce .. ..166 

Pearse, Mary . . • . 335 

Pearson, Abrm., Christian 213, 
Sir Cbas. . . . . 190 

Peart, Rev. F. E, . . . . 174 

Pbele, Rich. ,. ..215 

Peere. John .. .. 286 

Pelham, Eliz., Harbert 51, 
Jonathan .. .. 215 

Pell, Meaning of . . . . 152 

Pellor, Martin . . . , 203 

Pellower of Cornwall , , 204 

Pendlestone, Meaning of • • 152 

Pendomer, Church of . • 11 

Penn, William . . 227, 323 

Pennard, East, Registers ..211 
Pennb, Geo. and John 30, 80 
Penny, C. W. .. ..35 

Penny, Frank .. 38, 225 

Penny, Jas. A, .. •• 3*> 

Penny Family ..183 

Penny, Ann, Dorothy, Edmund, 
Margery, Rich., Wm. 283, 
Geo. •• .. 14, 15 

Pennsylvania, Province of . . 227 
Penruddock, Col. John .. 219 

Penruddocke, Ckas. . . . . 80 

Pentecost Money . . ..117 

Peny, Geo. .. •• 5* 

Peren, Burchall, Eliza, Henry 

Burchall, John Burchall . . 253 
Feme Pedigree . . • . 73 

Feme, John, Mary, Rachel, 
Rich. . . . . . . 72-3 

Perry, John .. ..336 

Pers, Rich. (Prior of Witham) 248 
Persey, Francis . . . . 167 

Persey als Joyce. Agnes . . 167 

Petherton Bridge . , . . 16 

Petherton, Earl of Egremont . . 342 
Petherton, North, Rectory , . 36 
Petherton, South, Inscrip- 
tions. .. 31.65,98, 250 
Pertrich, Joanne .. •• 75 
Petvin, John . . . . 272 

Pewe, John .. ..212 

Pewsey Church ., .. 279 

Pe3rton, Wm. . . . . 263 

Phelps, Edw. Spincer, Eliz., 
Mary, Wm. 212, Grace, Isaac, 
Mary*. •• .. 213 



Phcnperd, John .. '.94 

Phifippa, Duchess of York . . is6 
Philllpp, Hugh .. ..317 

Phillips ALIAS Amizer .. 153 

Phillips, Ann. Eliz., John, Rich. 

13. Thos., Wm.49. Sir Robt., 

Sir Edw. 109, Roger .. 167 

Philott, Rev. Chas. . . 102 

Phippen, Mary, Wm. ..213 

Phivian, Mary, Wm. . . .. 212 

Pig's Foreleg, Holes in 29, 150 
Pilton Church .. ..283 

Pimpeme Deanery . . ., 302 

Pink, W, D. 34, 49, 62, 79, loi, 

102, 156 
Pinney, Beatrice, Roger . . 262 

Piscina, Wimbome . . 249 

Pit, Phineas .. ..166 

Pit ah Clarke, Frances . . 166 

Pitman, James 289, Jane 262, 

Wm. .: .. .. SI 

Pitt, Rev. Christr. 20. Eliz. 95, 

Grace, Rich. 170, Robt. 95, 

Eliz., Sidrac93, Thos. 56, Grace, 

Wm. .. .. ••94 

Pitt, William, Attempted 

Murder op .. ..24 

Pittensarye of Sherborne . . 82 
Pitts, Hanna, John ..318 

Place, Mr. ,. .. 272 

Plagdb In 1645-6 . . . . 63 

Planner, Goodwife . . . . 56 

Planting Barley Corns with 

Cuttings .. 150, 184 

Pley, Geo., Rebecca .. 51 

Plumley,John ..237 

Plowman, Roger, Wm. , . 52 

Plymton, Lence . . • • 5 

Polden, Morgan 304, Robt., 

Sarah .. .. 213 

Poldon, Wm. . . . . 292 

Poles Church, Brief for . . 24 

Pollard, Robertus . . * - 33 

Pohnan, Willhelm . . . . 238 

Pomeroy, John 319, Henr, Wm. 254 
Pooli, Rtv. H. /. 4, 81, 248, 261 

Poole, M.P. for . . • . 79 

Poole Custom House . . 205 

Pope. Edm., Eliz. 212, Mary 186, 

2 13. Thos. 186, Wm. . . 212 

Pop ham, John . . . . 30 

Popham. Alex. Marmaduke 30, 

Martha 220, Thos. 30, loi, 

113, 220 
PoRLocK, History of Ancient 

Church of . . . . 344 

Porridge Hill, Gillingham . . 72 


Portbury, Geo. ... . , 335 

Porter, Arth., Rich. . . 50 

Potkin, Edw. .. ..12 

Potkin als Alston, Edith . . 13 

Pottery, Handmade .. 123 

Poulett, Earl . . • • 253 

Powell of Taunton . . 227 

Powell, Chas. . , • • 35 

Powell, Ann 227, Mary 141, 

Thos. 141, 227, Wm. .. 177 

Powell of Park .. ..227 

Power-able .. ..153 

Powlett. Wm. .. ..318 

Poynton, F,J. .. 153, 183, 184, 221 
Prancard (Pancras), St. 

Prankerd, J. 
, Wn 

.. 91 

• . 223 

Prankett,Wm. .. ..6 

Prehistoric Marsh Village 

42, 122, 230 
Preist, Wm. .. ..148 

Preist als liton, Grace . . 148 

Prentant, John, Margt. .. 13 

Price, Rev. Edw. Wm. . . 142 

PriddyFair .. ..115 

Prim, Philip .. ..258 

Printoste, Peter . . • . 185 

Prior, Matthew . . . . 30 

Priston, Church of . . . . 10 

PrivieTjrth .. ..78 

Proclamation of Peace .. 155 

Procter, F. . • • • 295 

Prolonging her Tims . . 340 

Prout, Robt. .. .•313 

Proverbial Sayings i 15. 337 

Prowse, Amos., Cath , Eliz. 68. 
Jas. .. .. ..33 

Prowse family of Yeovil . . 69 

Prowse Aisle .. ..69 

Psyche, Myth of . . • . 235 

Pucklechurch, Derivation of . . 44 
Pudeltown, Hundr. of . . 193 

Pulcher, St. . , • • 44 

Pulsford, Rev. C. H. . . 266 

Punch. Thos., Tobias . . 167 

Punchard als Fauntleroy, 

Dorothy .. ..214 

Puncknoll, Custom at > * 231 

Purbeck, Isle of . . 53, 206 

Purchas als Toms, Thotnasine 146 
Purse Caundle .. 218,326 

Puxey (Field-name) .. 224 

Pym, Roger . . . . 258 

Pympeme, Hund. de . . 198 

I^nney, John, Wm. . . 264 

Pyne, John . . 166, 332 

Pyne als Hanham, Eleanor . . 166 
Pynsent, Sir Wm. . • . . 84 





Associations" .. .. i6o 

Qoavel, llargerie . . . . 287 

Qnoke, Leonard . . • • 49 

R' .. 27,130.159.217 

Rabbau, Wm. ..61 

Rabbats o/s Coleman. Matilda 49 
Rabbeits, Cath., John . . 51 

Radeston, John . . . . 258 

Radford, Arthnr .. ..166 

Rale. John de . . • . 257 

Ral^^ Gervise, RandoU . . 256 
Rallens. Hugh. Wm. . . 392 

Ramsey. Wm. ..118 

Randle. Robt. . . 292 

Rattenbory Castle . . . . 65 

Rawel. John ..320 

Rawle. Cecilia 320, Fras. 323. 

John 321, Nicb. 320, Rev. Rich. 323 
RawU, Edwin John .. ••323 

Rawle, E. J. . . . . 237 

Rawles, Ursula, Wm. .. 1^7 

Rawlin, John . . . • 289 

Rawson, Jas. .. .. 166 

Ray, Wm., June. . . . , 80 

Raylinge ah Motier, Wm. . . 14 
Raymond, £liz.,Geo., Mabel 13, 

John .. .. 13, 261 

Raymond aU Clarke, Sarah, 

Thos... .. ..146 

Rajmor, Mr. . . . . 272 

R,B.P. .. .. 184 

Read, Wm. ..317 

Read ah Towm^, Cath. .. 317 
Reade, Thos. 5, Mary, Wm. . . 93 
Reape, Elizeus .. ..216 

Redhoue, Hund. de . . 195 

Redelane, Hund. de . . 190 

Redemption of Captives • . 24 

Redroth (Cornwall) . . 127 

RuS'Mogg, Wm. .. 217,340 

Reeves, Edward * • ^i 

Regional Nambs IN SoMEKSBT 178 
••Rejoice, Rejoice, ye 

Eaethly Teibes" .. 180 

Repayre of the Vorce . . 211 

Restoration to Life . . 342 

Reynoldes, Lancelot, Mary .. 13 
Reynolds als Cooke, Amy, Thos. 264 
R.G.B, .. .. 267 

Rhine or Rheen . . . . 273 

Rhodes .. ..40 

Rhys, Professor John ... 209 

Richard, Abbott of Glaston . . 241 
Richard, Bishop of London . . 241 
Richard Poore, Bp. of Sarum . . 28 

Richard, Jacob . . • . 292 

RiCHAED, St., St St. Michael's 

Chuech, Taeeant Keynston 28 
RICHAE0S Family .. 186 

Richards, Ann 186, Geo. 147, 

186, Giles, Wm. 15. John 211, 

Thos... ..215 

Richards ah Bodenham, Margt. 1 4 ; 
Richards als Mason, Pamell, 

Thos. .. ..215 

Richeman. Marg. .. ..185 

Riddles. Quaint .. 79* "5 

Rideat. Agnes ..262 

Rideout. Wm. . . . . 167 

Rideout als Fauntleroy, Mary 167 
Rideout ah Redwood als 

Gardner, Edw. .. 215 

Riding, North, Name Hell in . . 169 
Ridout, Joanesi, John 235, Thos., 

234-5» Walter .. ..5' 

Riggs als Barnes, Maria . . 13 

Rimpools (Field name) . . 224 

Ringer's Rules . . • • 25 

Ringwood .. 178,208 

Riscom, Jas. . . . . 267 

River Conservators 17 

RiYEE Names, Someeset, 

Ancient .. '.273 

Rix Bed Mead . . . . 224 

Ro, Li. .. .. .. 76 

Roach, Mary, Josias . . 234 

Road, Ancient. Stanton Drew.. 221 
RoBBETS, Geo. (Historian) 

MSS. OF .. ..149 

Roberts, John . . . . 61 

Robi$ison, Ckas.J. 73, 165. 272, 279,341 
Roche, Eva 278, Joshua. Radulph, 

234, Rich. . . 278 

Roche Arms . . 233, 278, 338 

Rochester, Bp. of . . . . 267 

Rock, Rich., Thos. .. 165 

Rock V. Cosens . . • • 7^ 

RocKE Family ..164 

Rocke. Ellis, Grace 164. John 

164-5. John Helyar 165, Rich., 

Thos. 164, William 164-5 

Rodberde, Blase . . . . 66 

Sir John .. ..303 

Rodden, Church of . . ..11 

Rodney, Walt, de .. ..257 

Roe, Eliz., Oliver .. -.137 

Rogers. Barth., Frances 15, Eliz.. 

51. Hugh 10 1. Sir John 57. 

Simon .. •• 51 

Rogers of Cannington .. loi 
Rogers of Bryanston and 

Dowdeswell •• ••^33 



Rogers, Rochb, Arundbll, 

Arms of .. 233,278, 338 

Rolle, Lord . . 130, 184 

RoUe, Geo. 322, Henry, Lord Ch. 

Tost. 129. John, Mark 184, 

Thos. 321. Wm. .. ..321 

Rolls Bridge (Dorset) ..129 

Rolls, (Rolls or Rawlb) 

Family .. 129, 184, 319 

Rolls, Geo., John, Thos. ..129 
Rolt, Margarett . . . . 107 

Roman Remains, Mendip .. 229 
Ronyon, Wm. .. ..258 

Rood-Lofts .. .26 

Rook, Rich. .. •• '55 

Rose, Edith 262, Henry 264, 

John 59, 264, Rich. . . 262 

Rou, W.F. . . 237, 306 

Rose, Richard. MP. .. 112 

Rosebery, Ld., Book by . . 24 

Rose well Family .. 185 

Rosewell, Agnes, Alex., Dan., 

John, Mary, Rich. Thos.. 

Wm. .. .. .. 185 

Ronse, Robt. . . . . 28 

Rowe, Bridget . . . . 264 

Rowne, John . . . • 200 

Roy, Benj., Dan., John . . 271 

Roye, John . • . . 61 

Royes, John . • . • 60 

Rudderen (Sieve) . . • • 57 

Rufford Forest .. ..162 

Rushemer and Haseler, Hund. 

of .. ..198 

Russell, Edw. 262, Geo. 62, 96, 

Jasper 264, Joan 94, Nich. 

Rebecca 213, Thos. .. 262 

Russell as Windowe, Cath. .. 96 
Ryall Farm, Stalbridge . . 84 

Rydoute, Humfrey . . . . 5 

Ryves, Geo., John . . . . 60 

2. . . 80, 120, 160. 240, 344 

Sacring Bells .. .. 74 

Sarittary, Fredk. .. .. 3'7 

Salisbury, Custom at • • *5 

Salisbury, Rob., Earl of . . 83 

Salisbury, Joan 317, Tristram . . 52 
Salisbury al% Banton, Edith . . 52 
Salkeld, Wm. .. ..332 

Salter, Anne .. ..167 

Salter aU Knight, Ursula . . 167 
Sambornb Family . . . . 274 

Samborne. Anne, Sir Bamaby. 

Fras., James. Jane, John. 

Nich., Rich.. Steph., Swithin, 

Thos., Wm. .. 274-5 

Samford-Peverel ..107 

Samson, Nich., Wm. .. 51 

Sam ways, Enuna 154, Mary 288. 

Samuel .. .. 154 

Samweys. Henry . . . . 1 10 

Sanctus Bell . • 26, 74 

Sandbum, Ann . . . . 274 

Sandforo Orcas Accounts ..313 
Sands. Robert . . . . 69 

Sandys Family . . 65-8 

Sandys. Edwm. Abp. of York 

65-6, Edwin. Archd. of Wells 36 
Sandys Monuments . • 32 

Sanford, Abrm., Mary 147, 

Christr., Joan .. .. 215 

Sansomn. Walt. . . . • 20 

Sarum Oath.. Smoke Money . . 22 
Sativola, St. .. ..48 

Saunders, Eliz., Henry, Mary. 

Walt., Wm. 146. Henry, 

Susan 147, Sir Matt., 34, Mr. 272. 
Saunders aXs Kinge, Christian . . 51 
Saunders aX% Mary. Mary . . 147 
Sawyer, Rev. D. H. .. 116 

Sawyere, John . . . . 313 

Saxon bowl . . . . 201 

Saxon and Celtic Dedications . . 44 
Saywell, Gabriel, Tas., Sam. ..271 
Scarrow Hill. Stalbridge . . 224 
Scelye, Wm. ,. ..185 

Schomberg, Arthur .. ..105 

Scottish Regalia . • 1 58, 23 1 

Scovell, Rich. .. ..302 

Scutt, Alice 13, 264, Barbara 491 

Benj. 264, John . . 13, 49, 264 

Seaborough, Church of ..11 

Seager, Dorothy, Robt. . • 13 

Seaman, Chas, E. 188,211,280,340 
Seamer, Ridi.. Wm. ..318 

Searle, Geo. 102, Wm. .. 169 

Season, Thos. .. ..174 

•• Sbaton Beach," Author of 27 
Seavington. (Sevenhampton) .. 191 
Seawanl. Frances, John •• 318 

Sedan Chairs. Saxon . . 24 

Selbie 0/5 Burton Joan ..213 

Selbie, Rich. 15. Thos. .. 213 

Selby als Harlock. Jane . . 213 

Selby, Thos. .. ..213 

Sellar. John .. .. iii 

Selley. Abel (Minister) . . 19 

Sblworthy, Notes on the 

Parish of .. 201, 269, 330 

Selwood, Abbat . . . . 44 

Serchfield. Joan, Thos. . . 52 

Serjeant of King's Cellar . . 55 
Serrell, Agnes, Ant. . . 147 

Serrey, Jas., Joane. . . . 213 



Seymer, Henry 260, Joan* John 

148. Sir Rob. .. .143 

S^moor. Cath. 342, Henry 62. 

Jane. Sir Rob. . . . . 95 

Scapen and Hanley, Hundred of 196 
Shackle. Ann .. .. 319 

Shaftksbu&t Bszamt •• 397 

Shangton. Paramore of • • 34 

Shapwick. Dorset . . • . 129 

Sharps Family .. ..105 

Shaston. Mayor of . . • • 297 

Shaston Abbey .. ..188 

Shaw. Edward .. ..21^ 

Sheamey, Robt. .. .. 260 

Sheers. Grace . . • • I47 

Sheldon. Eliz, 51, 213, Philip 51. 

Rich... .. .213 

Shepherd, Roger .. 59>6i 

Sheppard. Martha . . • • 266 

Sheppy, Stream. Somerset . . 273 
Sherborne Abb^ .. ..82 

Sherborne, Ann, Essex .. 271 

Sherborne. Hundred of . . 194 

Sherborne. House of Correction 37 
Sherlie, Mary, Wm. . . 167 

Shbrwood, Namb of 31 

Sherwood, Geo, F. Tudor 31, 110. 337 
Sherwood. Mary .. •• 3^ 

Shirbom, Essex, Nicholas 271. 340 
Shirley, Mr. .. ..116 

Shorte. Nicolasse . . . . 200 

Shute. Sir Robt. de . • 257 

Shuttleworth. Rev. Digby. Rev. 

Geo. Hankins. Rev. John 

Hankins. Louisa, Penelope . . 139 
Sidefin, R. , , . . 335 

Sideham, Gerard. Phil. 256, 

John .. .. 258.337 

Siderfin, Robt., Walt. ..271 

SiDWXLL, St. . . . . 47 

Simpson, Robt.. Rowland . 272 
Sincocks, Alice. Joane 166. Hugh. 

Humph. .. 213 

Singleman ah Tucker. Rich. . . 95 
Skutt, Gbc. M.P. .. 79 

Sleach. John. Margt. 14 

Sly. E. B. . . . . 230 

Smallpox, Iroculatioh por 267 
Smart, Robt. . . . . 146 

Smith. Ambrose 109, J.B. 27. 

Jane 213, John 235. Predie 

167, Sam. 213. Thorn. 177. 

Walter 94, Wm. . . 167, 263 

Smith als Kempe. Mary 50 

Smithes. Geo. . . . . 61 

Smoke Money .. ..22 

Smugglers, Dorset 53. 205, 280 
Sncll, .. .. 142 

Soak, Henry, John, Rich., Thoe.. 
Wm. .. .. .. 200 

Snooke. Walter . . . . 6 

Snorham. Rector of . . 286 

Sock. John. Wm. .. ••317 

Solignac. Monastery of • • 41 

Soloman. Mr. . . . . 1 16 

Somers, John 147, Matt. 95, 213 
Somerset Archives, 

Lambeth Palace Libiart 217 
Somerset " Bibliothbca " .. 179 
Somerset amd Dorset Folk- 
lore.. .. ..176 

Somerset. Chas.. Duke of . . 342 
Somerset Christmas Carol 329 
Somerset Countt Directory 62 
Somerset Dedications 

10, 43. 91. M3 224 
Somerset Dialect 217, 281, 323 
Somerset Editor 25, 29. 44. 75. 
80, 90. 97, loi, 115. 174. 184. 

136. 152, 153. 157, 209 
Somerset Fairs . . • • 327 

Somerset Feet of Fines . . 190 
SoMEBSET Flower Names . . 341 


PABLIAMENT .. ••102 


Manobs •• ••186 

SOMEBSET Regional Names 178 


Somerset. Welsh name for . . 209 

Somerton-Erlegh .. ..175 

Somerton. John de. . . . 257 

Southcott. Jane .. ..100 

Southe. Rich. . . . . 304 

South Pool Church, Devon . . 342 

Southwell. Custom at • • 25 

Sowton Manor. Devon . . 32 

Sowy, Galf.. Nich... .. 255 

Sparkford Manor House . . 233 

Sparrowe, Thos . . . . ito 
Sparrowe als Knapton. 

Cassandra .. 166 
Speede. John, Rich. 49. ~. 57 
Spencer. Henry, Joane. 262. 2A4. 

William .. 341 

Speringe. Wm. • • 94 

Speringe als Wyatt. Mary . . 94 

Spindle-whorls ..124 

Spinney, John .. ••59 
Sports in Flowebing Plants 27 

Spbague, Edw., Will of ..ho 
Sprague. Alice. Christian, 

Christr.. Ralph. Rich., Wm. 

no. Frank, Hosea .. in 

Sprake,Thos. .. 319 



Vinv, Robt. . . 58, 61 

Violet, Edw., Wm. . . 148 

Visitation fees . . 2 1 -2 1 1 7 

V3me, John. Wm. 14, Mary 

Rich. . . . . . . 264 

Vyne als Stone. Lucy , , 14 

Vyney, Jone 94, John, Susan 50, 

Susanna .. ••94 

W. .. .. .. 276 

Wadham. John 213, 258, 

Winifred .. .. 213 

Wadham Coll., Oxford ,. 15a 

Walden, John, Thos. . . 93 

Waldron, Geo. 292, John . . 262 
Waldron als Adams, Eliz. . . 13 
Wall, John .. ..265 

WalUs. Kath.. Rich. .. 262 

Wallys, Thos. .. ..264 

Walmer Castell .. ..87 

Walmer Church Monuments . . 86 
Walrond, Alice, Wm. ..215 

Walshe, Justice N. . . .. 223 

Walter, Edw. 82, Peter 82, 333 

Walton (Street). Church of . . 91 
Wanstrow, 77. 237 

Ward. Arthur 335, Johan 286. 

John 271, Robt.. Thos. .317 

Ward. J.H. . . 63. 97. 105 

Warden a/j Ebume, Jane . 317 

Wareham. St. Martin's 

Church .. ..161 

Warmr.W. .. .. 80 

Warner, Rio. . . -32 

Warr. Anne . . • • 49 

Warr ais Best. Martha . . 49 

Warre, John . . . . 258 

Warren, Thos. .. ..119 

Warren als Lockett, Winifred . . 214 
Wason. Ann 212. Thos. 211. 213 
Waterman. Agnes. John . . 94 

Watson,— .. •.83 

Wattle, Houses of . . . . 123 

Watts, Paul, Thos. . 262 

W.B. W. .. .. 9 

W.C. ,. .. ..295 

Weather Proverbs ., 337 

Weaver, F. W. xi. 42. 91, 131. 

156. 224. 248, 328 
Webb, Oath. 2x5, Joan 336, John 

215, 336, Wm. .. .. 336 

Webber, Dorothy 50. George 50. 334 
Wedmore .. •• 3°5 

Wedmoreland .. .. X78 

Weestley, Marie . . . . 6 

Welch, William .. 58, 59 

Welchman, Edw., Mary. 

Matilda. Thos. . . . • 142 


. 72 
. 10 


Weld. Humph.. Wm. 

Wellington. Church of 

Wellington. Duke of 

Wellington Parliamentary 

Wells, Edw.. Mighel 

Wells, St. Cuthbert's Church at 

Wells Chapter Acts 

Welsh, John 

Welstead, Leonard. Mary 

Welsteed, John, Penelope 

Were, Wm. 

Wesley, Sir Herbert 

Wesley, Barth., of Char- 

West, Thos. 

Westbury. Wilts , , 

Westminster Missal 


Weston Tithing (Stalbridge) 

Weston, Amicia 81. Hugh 81. 
192, 200, John 81. Thos. 82. 
Sir Wm. 

Weston Zoyland . . 

Westwood, John 

Wexford, Seneschal of 

Weymouth Invasion Scare 


Whatelegh, Walterus 

Wheeler, Robt. 

Wheler. John 

Whifl&n, Dorothy. Thos. 

Whitby, Marianne, Wm. 

" While Shepherds were 
Feeding their Flocks in 
THE Fields." .. •• '34 

" While Shepherds watched, 

















Whitchurch, Wm. . . 
White, Gertrude 140, John I40. 

264, Mary 264. Sir Nich. 222. 

Thos., Walt. 
White als Bowyer, Anne 
White Sports in Flowering 

Whitfeild, Constance, Sir 
Whiting, Abbot Richard 
Whittington, Mary. . 
Whoer. John 

Whytechurche, Hund. de 
Whytewaye, Hund. de 
Whytford. Rich. . . 
Wickham, Anth., Cath. 
Wilburgham, co. Cantab. 
WUde. Wm. 

Wilkens als Mabley, Eliz., Thos. 
WiLLCox Family of Somerset 












Willcox, Barnabas, Jos. . . 227 

Willes,Joan .. •• §' 

Willes als Joy, Lacy . . 166 

Willett,Joan .. ..264 

Williams, David, 4, Rev. D., 
205, Francis 52, Ellezander, 
Daabney, Henry 318, John 
147, 214. 334. Mary 147, Mr. 
272. Nich. 214, Stephen ..318 
Willibrod. St. .. ..151 

Willis, Browne 60, Chas. 40, 

Homphry loi. 133,1 76,220, Wm. 169 
Wilus-Drury iox, 133, 176, 220 
Willonghbie, Ann .. ..214 

Wills. John .. ..309 

Willyams, John 291. 292 

Wilmott. Grace .. ..212 

Wilson, Walt. . . 306. 3x2 

Wilteshire, Edw.. Thomazine . . 262 
Wimbledon. Battle of • • 9 

Wimbome Minster . . 302 


Rbcbss . . 249. 338 

Wincale. Stream . . 


Wincanton. Church of 


Wincanton, Spellings of 


Wincawel. Stream . . 



Winding Shbbts , . 


Windowe, John 


Windowe als Russell. Cath. 


Wine. Rich.. Wm... 


Wini. Bishop 







WiNSPORD Parish Documents 


Winsford, Church of 

, , 


Winsham. Church of 


Winsham Painting 

, , 


Wint, The 








, , 


Winterhead, Somerset 



, , 


Wipandune. Battle of 



Witchampton, Rectors 139. 141, 

Church goods . . 

• • 


Witchcraft in Sombrsbt 

, . 


Witchcraft near the Bor- 

ders OF Somerset 

, , 


Witham, George . . 

• • 



, , 


Wiveliscombe, Court Roll of . . 


Wodenoth, Theophilus 
Wollhampton, Gilbert de 


, . 


Wolverton, Somerset 



Wood, Grace. Jas.. Roger 
Wood als Surrell. Wm. 
Wood, Dr. Gbrard, 

Woodes, Joseph 
WooDHOusB, Siege of 
Woodroffe. Anthony 
Wookey, Court Roll of 
Woolle. Joane 
Wootton Courtney 
Wootton Fitzpain . . 
Wordsworth, Canon Chr, 
Wordsworth. The Poet 
Worksop (Notts) . . 
WoRLE Notes 
Wraie. Joyce 
Wraxall (Somt.), Church of 


.. 341 

.. 341 
.. 57 
.. 100 

.. 217 
.. 283 

.. 159 

.. 229 

.. 295 
.. 160 
.. 152 
235. 304 
.. 128 
.. 10 

Wright, Eleanor. Fras., Law- 
rence 262. G. W. 230. Robt. 177 
Wright. Justice . , . . 190 

Wright. Dr.. A Dorset 

Clergyman . . 286, 338 

Wright, als Tones. Eliz. . . 262 

Wright, als Leight. Margt. . . 262 
Wring (River-Name) . . 273 

Wringmarsh. (Regional name) 178 
Wrington . . 230. 299 



Wyatt. als Speringe, Mary 


Wychewode, Ric, Elias 


Wyer. Dositheus . . 


Wylsha. Sir Harry.. 


Wyndham, Lady • . 


Wyndham, Sir Chas.. Sir Wm. 


Wynisse, Anne, Geo. 


Wyntney (Hants). Last 

Prioress of 






Yard. Gilbert 




Yattmyster, Hundred de 




Yatton. Court Rolls of 


Yeabridge or Yeobridge 


Yeatman, Harry Farr 139, Wm. 


Yeo (Water) 


Yeovil Fairs 


Yeovil Ghost Story 


Yere. Thos. 


Young, Christ. 148. John 20, I48, 

264. Nich., Susan 148, Thos. 

Wm. .. 


Young of Wilts, Arms of 


Younge. John, Walter 


Ysham. see Isham . . 




Zummerzet Rhymes 




X. Witchcraft in Somerset. — ^The following account of 
witchcraft I took down J[rom my father's lips, who is the 
"neighbour" to whom M^— ^t related the story, between 40 and 
50 years ago, when my father was a resident in that neighbourhood. 

I have, intentionally, not put in full names and places. 

A farmer, named M^^^t, residing at ij2tt=r fi^irifl' in the 
neighbourhood of Wellington (Somerset), had lately lost a good 
many sheep, and being met bj a neighbour, who remarked to him 
that he was sorry to hear of his losses, he replied " I do not think 
that I shall lose any more," in a manner which made his neigh- 
bour think that he had been consulting the "wise man" about 
them, so that he said to him, " Why 1 you surely have not been 
to the ' conjurer ' about them ? " (a man who, of the name of 
B«-^^^r. resided at W-^il-t L-S^h near Burlescombe,) " I should 
have thought that, with your intelligence, you would have had no 
belief in such things I " To which M^^^^t replied, "Well, sir, 
if you knew as much about it as I do, perhaps vou would think 
otherwise." His neighbour asked him what he knew, and in 
reply he related the following story. 

His grandfather, who resided in the neighbourhood of Exeter, 
had been losing a great many cattle, which had all died with the 
same symptoms, and M-^^^^t's father who was living with him, 
suggested that they had been " overlooked," and that he would 
go and consult the " conjurer," at which suggestion his father was 
very angry and forbade his going, saying that he did not believe 
in such things, and that if the devil had such power before Christ 
came, he did not believe that he had that power now. 

However, another beast dying, he, unbeknown to his father, 
went off to consult the " white witch " or " conjurer." When he 
arrived at the " conjurer's " house, the latter told him that he 
knew why he had come, that his father had been losing some 
cattle, and asked him if he would like to see the person who had 
caused the mischief. On his saying that he should, the " con- 

VOL. III. part XVII. MARCH, 1 892. A 

2 Somerset <5» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

jurer" told him to look into his hand, where he was surprised to 
see the likeness of an old friend and neighbour, — a cow-doctor 
by trade — who had the welcome of his father's house, and fre- 
quently came in to smoke a pipe in the chimney comer. 

}/[±2l££^s father asked what he should do to stop further losses 
amongst the animals, and the *' conjurer" told him that another 
beast would die shortly, that he was to open it, take out its heart, 
and boil it in a pot over the fire, and that whilst it was there the 
person who had overlooked the cattle would come in, and tiy to 
remove the pot off the fire, which he was not on any account to be 
allowed to do. Shortly after M^>^^^t's return home, another beast 
died, and he did as he had been instructed. Whilst the pot was 
boiling over the fire, their friend, the old cow doctor, came in, 
and walked towards his usual seat in the comer of the chimney, 
and in a casual kind of manner put out his hand as he passed, to 
take hold of the pot, remarking *• What have you got boiling 
here ? " M^iiiSLt's father, who had been watching to see what he 
would do, instantly knocked him down, and charged him with 
being the cause of the death of the cattle, which the old man 
acknowledged, and said that he was thankful that he had been 
found out, as he had suffered so much, knowing that he was doing 
wrong, and feeling his inability to resist the power which com- 
pelled him to " overlook '* the animals ; and often, he said, by the 
same power, he had been carried across the country, through 
hedges, tearing his clothes, and where without supernatural 
agency he would have been unable to go. He then stated that 
he had learnt the evil art from an old woman with whom he had 
been too familiar, who had given him certain books, and taught 
him how to use them, and he promised that if they would let him 
go, he would go home and fetch these books, and brii^ ^lem and 
bum them, which he did. "There, sir,'* said M=^t to his 
neighbour, "that's what I know about it." 

The directions of the " white witch," as to the manner of 
counteracting the evil spell of the witch, are usually much the 
same in most of these cases. '' As early as the time of the writiSg 
of the Book of Tobit, he relates, that Tobias bumed the heart and 
liver, that their smoke might drive away the evil spirit ; (see Tobit 
vii., r. 3, 4) ; and this counter-spell he is said to have obtained 
from as high an authority as Raphael, the angel, under the name 
of Azarias (see Tobit vi., v. 6, 7.)" A few years ago, a man 
residing in a village in Devonshire, who is still living and not so 
verv old either, related to me that when he was a young man he 
had consulted a white witch who resided in Exeter (and who was 
living when he related this to me), about his pony which had 
gone lame, and which he considered had been ' overlooked ' by an 
old woman whom he had offended by jilting her daughter. He 
told me that the '* white witch " told him, without his relating 
anything, the purpose for which he had come to consult him, and 

Somerset <5» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 3 

that when he returned home the person who had " overlooked " 
his pony would come to his house, and want to buy something 
from him, that he was on no account to sell her anything and that 
he was at midnight, to bum, roast, or boil — I forget which, but I 
think to bum — 3, heart ; that during the process the witch would 
try to come into the house, but was on no account to be allowed 
to do so, and that after this his pony would get well. When he 
returned, the woman in question came into his house and wanted 
to buy some roasted apples which he had for sale in his cottage 
window, which he refused to let her have although she entreated 
him very much to let her have some, and finally wept when she 
failed to get them. He got the heart and did with it what he was 
told, with locked doors at midnight, and somebody came during 
the process and tried to get into the house and knocked violently 
at the doors. The neighbours whom he had asked to watch, told 
him that it was the same woman in question. His pony after this 
got quite sound. I had some difficulty in getting him to relate me 
this, as he treated the matter as a tabooed subject. 

In the same part, they also relate of a certain old woman — 
now dead — that she used to turn herself into a white rabbit, and 
that witches so transformed cannot be shot with a gun, unless it is 
loaded with silver instead of shot. If the white rabbit were so 
shot with silver, the witch would either be wounded or killed, as 
the case might be. With reference to a kindred subject, viz., 
charms, I heard in the same part of two ; one was a cure for 
whooping cough in children, and it was for the child to wear in a 
little bag hung round its neck, what they called a " Harry Palmer,*' 
otherwise a haiiy palmer or caterpillar. As this creature weakens 
and dies, so the cough gradually lessens and goes. Another 
charm was one to stop bleeding, and it was to read over the wound, 
the person bleeding having faith in its efficacy, Hzek. xvi, v, 6.* 
This charm a fisherman told me he had found efficacious once 
when at sea. One Sunday they had picked up a piece of wreckage 
and his mate was chopping some of it up to light the fire with, 
when he managed to chop his hand very badly. They could not 
stop the bleeding, do what they would; and the man was getting 
very weak from the loss of blood, and they thought that it would 
soon be all over with him, when this charm which he had heard 
of, suddenly occurred to my informant, and he went below and 
hunted up the verse in the Bible, and came on deck, and told his 
bleeding mate that if he could believe in it, it would cure him. 
So he read it three times over his mate, who faintly asserted that 
he believed it, and the bleeding at once stopped. Needless to 
say, this fisherman quite believed in the charm. There are also 
charms for bums, and I think for the removal of thorns and 
splinters. C. H. Sp. P. 

• '* And when I passed by thee, and saw thee weltering in thy blood, I said 
nnto thee, Though thou art in thy blood, Hve; yea, I said unto thee, Though thou 
art in thy blood, hve." R.V. 

4 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

2. Parish Register of Stowell, Somerset. — The oldest 
extant Register of this parish has recently been recovered (viz., 
on ^th Nov., 1891) by the Rector, the Rev. H. J. Poole, after 
having gone astray for many years, and has been restored to the 
care of its legitimate custodian. 

It is a coverless volume, of some 24 leaves of parchment^ 
measuring 11 i ins. by 6^ ins. The pages are not numbered* 
and the first existing page, which begins ''^First Matrimonye 
solemnized betwene Robert Cooper and Johan Kynge the eyght 
and twentyth of January," with "Anno Dni 1574, Stowell," in 
in the margin, is probably not the first in reality, as there is a 
shred of parchment attached to the /htrd leaf, bearing the letters 
**. • • .rtyn and. . . .mber. . . .and " on its verso in the same hand* 
writing as the earlier leaves, which evidently was folded over and 
formed part of the first folio of the section. All the sections of 
the book are formed of two sheets (four folios) stitched together, 
and the first three existing folios, which are loose, the backs 
having decayed, are followed by a complete section of two 
sheets, so that one folio of the first section is missing, which 
dearly preceded the remaining three. The word "Stowell" 
noticed above, is in an old hand, but not in the same hand or 
ink as the entries themselves at this period, and its presence here 
alone in the whole book seems to show that the presumed loss 
of the first folio, (and possibly of more,) took place early, and 
that this word was subsequently written to connect the Register 
with the parish, as it has no title or other heading whatever. 

The book runs on from 1574 to 2nd Nov., 1678, without any 
loss or wilful mutilation, but there is nothing to show how much 
further it may have originally extended. The next volume, in 
the custody of the Rector, begins on March 9th, 1745, so that 
the loss of some sixty-seven years is still to be deplored. 

Turning to the handwriting, the earliest portion, as might be 
expected, is in a clerk's hand, being a copy of an original and 
presumably paper book (made pursuant to the Constitution of 
Convocation in 1597), and so continues till 25th Feb., 1597-8, 
when three entries follow in a similar hand, but not so neat, 
and in fainter inkf, and then the writing of John Collens, Rector, 
begins. The book seems to have been kept by him till his death 
in 1 63 1, when a few entries appear in the handwriting of 
•• David Williams, Curatef," who signs after 16 Sept. in that year. 
On 6th October the fine characters and Latin entries (they had 
hitherto been in English) of Nicholas Clarke make their appear- 
ance. These continue till 22nd March, 1652, when immediately 

• The leading entry of every year till 1599 has the word " First " attached 
to it. 

t There is also one insertion in a totally different hand. 

t David Williams, A.B., was instituted to Horsington, 7 June, 1632, imd 
diedm 1686." Weaver*^ 8<m. In$. p. 106. 

Somerut 6* Dorsit NoUs 6* Queries. 5 

follows the memorandum of the admission of William Dnmford 
to be •* Register," by Jno. Carye, a Justice of Peace, dated 6th 
March, 1653 [sicl. Clarke seems to resmne again on 12th Dec, 
1 661, and the remainder of the entries in the book are written 
by him. No signs of an intruding minister appear, and there is 
nothing to show that Clarke did not hold possession throughout 
the usurpation. There are, however, no entries during 1646, 
1649, 1659, and 1660, and only one in 1661. 

This Register, which had disappeared for many years, has 
been presented to the Rector by Mr. J ohn Bewsey of Horsington» 
who is believed to be a descendant of Rev. Thomas Mogg. 
Rector, 1681 to 1709. Mr. Bewsey's family had possessed it, it 
is supposed, for a hundred years, and possibly it may have passed 
into their hands upon the death of their Clerical ancestor. 

The following are the principal entries contained in the 
recovered Stowell Register, and Mr. Poole has kindly allowed 
them to appear in the pages of S. S' D. N. S* Q. 

1574/5, Feb. 19. ..Huddy, bur. 

1575, July 28. Laurence, s. of Laurence Hooper, bapt. 

1577, Aug. 27. Katheryn Huddy, bur. 

1579, June 14. Christian, dr. of Richard Huddy, Esq., bapt. 

1579, Aug. 23. Elizabeth, dr. of Laurence Hooper, bapt. 

1580, June 16. Lence Plymton and Agnes Myles, mar. 
1580, Aug. 22. John Arnold and Luce Huddy, mar. 
1580/1, Feb. 5. Elnor, dr. of Richard Huddy, Esq., bapt. 

1582, Oct. 14. John Myles, bur. 

1583, Sept. 22. John, s. of John AmoU, bapt. 

1584, Dec. 21. John Haule and Susan Huddy, mar. 
1584/5, Jan. 23. Richard, s. of John Hale, bapt. 
1585/6, Feb. 19. Thomas Reade and Alyce ^lyles, mar. 
1585/6, Mch. I. Faythe, dr. of Richard Huddy, gent, bapt. 
1588, Mch. 21. Samuell, s. of Rychard Huddy, Esq., bapt. 
158H, May 24. Wyllyam, s. of John Myles, bapt. 

1588, Aug. 4. Ambros, s. of John Hale, bapt. 
1588/9, Mch. 22. Samuell Huddy, bur. 

1589, Dec. 29. Avys Hooper, bur. 

1590, June 20. Wyllyam, s. of Robert Myles, bapt. 
i59o» Oct. 6. Mathew, s. of Richard Hodye, bapt. 

1594, Nov. 6. Edmond Jerrard, bur. 

1595, Apl. 5. Sara, dr. of Andrew Myles, bapt. 
1595, Apl. 13. Elizabeth, dr. of John Mylbome, bapt. 
1595/6, Jan. I. Humfrey Rydoute and Johan Crane, mar. 
'596, June 8. Robert Arney and Sara Jerad, mar. 

1597, Oct. 31. Margery Myles, bur. 
1597, Nov. 6. Wyllyam Myles, bur. 

1597, Dec. 26. Laurence Hooper the younger and Elizabeth 
Hodges, mar. 

6 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

1597/8, " Njcolas Mylcs Clarcke Parson of Stowell departed this 
lyfe the seventenyth dale of February, and was buryed 
the third daie of Marche anno Dni. 1597." 

'597/8, Mch. 7. Mary Milbome, bapt. 

1598, Oct. 15. John, s. of Laurence Hooper the younger, bapt. 

'599. July 8. Richarde Hoodye, Esquyer, bur. 

1599/1600, Feb. 17. Elizabeth, dr. of Laurence Hooper, junr., 
and Elizabeth his wife, bapt. 

1600, Aug. 2. William Prankett and Christian Channte, mar. 

1600, Aug. 29. Elizabeth, dr. of John and Idithe Milbome, bapt. 

1 60 1/2, Jan. 21. Margerie, dr. of John and Phillipe Anctill, 
gent., bapt. 

1603, May 6. Laurence Hooper, died. 

1603, June 27. Lewes Ludwell and Elizabeth Hooper, mar. 
i6o3» Sept, 23. Christophere, s. of John and Idithe Milborne, 


1604, Sept. 3. Joan, dr. of Laurence and Elizabeth Hoper, bapt. 

1604, Nov. 15. Thomas, s. of John and Phillipe Anctill, gent., 


1605, May 12. Galatia the black nigra, buried. 

1605/6, Feb. 21. Katherine, dr. of John and Phillipe Ancketill, 

gent., bapt. 
1607, Oc^« *®' John, s. of Andrewe Miles, died. 
i6o8y Aug. 21. James, s. of Andrewe and John Miles, bapt. 
161 1, Nov. I. Patience, dr. of Laurence and Elizabeth Hooper, 

1 6 1 4, Dec. 1 2 . Marie, dr. of Laurence and Elizabeth Hooper, bapt. 

161 6, Dec. 16. Thomas Hannam and Elizabeth Hooper, mar. 

1617, Nov. 9. Faythe, dr. of Laurence and Isabel! Hooper, mar. 
16 1 7/8, Feb. 20. Mr. John Westwood, minister, deceased. 

1619, Nov. 17. William Dumforde and Elsabeth Milborne, bapt. 

1620, Oct. 15. Sarlina, dr. of Nicholas and Mellior Dackam, 
gent., bapt. 

{une 17. Isabell Hooper, died, 
une 13. Frances, dr. of Nicholas and Melia Dackam, 
gent., bapt. 

1622, July 22. John Fysher and Marie Collens, mar. 
1622/3, Mch. 16. John, s. of John and Marie Fisher, bapt. 

1623, Nov. 33. John, s. of John and Alice Collens, bapt. 

1624, June 10. Walter Snooke and Johan Hooper, mar. 
1624, June 17. John Kendall and Marie Weestley, mar. 
1625/6, Mch. 15. Thomas, s. of John and Alee Collens, bapt. 
1627/8, Jan. 18. Anne, dr. of John and Alice Collens, bapt. 
1627/8, Feb. 29. Margaret, dr. of Laurence and Philadelphia 

Hooper, bapt. 

1630, Apl. 1 1. Robert, s. of John and Alice Collens, bapt. 

1 63 1, ''John Collens Clarke pson of Stowell, depted this liefe 

the ziiijth of June and was buried thexxtn day of June." 

1621, Ju 

1622, Ju 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes &» Queries, 7 

1631, Sept. 16. Alice, wife of John CoUens, bur. 

[David Williams Curate signs at this date.] 

1631, Dec. 27. Laurence, s. of John Hooper, bapt. 

1632, Apl. 18. Robert, s. of Mr. Nicholas Clarke, Rector, bapt. 
1633/4, Jan. 19. John Milbome, bur. 

1634, Sept. I . Nicholas, s. of Mr. Nich. Clarke and Cecilia, bapt. 

1634, Nov. 30. Elizabeth, dr. of Laurence and Philadelphia 

Hooper, gen., bapt. 

1635, Mch. 31. Anne, dr. of John and Anne Hooper, bapt. 

1636, Oct. 13. Mary, dr. of Mr. Nich. and Cecilia Clarke, 


1637, Aug. I. Joane Collens, widow, bur. 

2 639, Oct. 20. Grace, dr. of John and Anne Hooper, bapt. 
1640, July 12. Philadelphia, dr. of Laurence and Philadelphia 

Hooper, gen., bapt. 
1640/1, Feb. ig. Hannah, dr. of John Hooper, bur. 
1642/3, Feb. 14. Mary, dr. of Mr. Edmund and Mary Clarke^ 

1643, 6. Patience Hooper, bur. 
1643, June 4. Laurence Hooper, bur. 
1643, June 10. Grace, dr. of John Hooper, bur. 

1643, July 4. Anne Hooper, wife of John Hooper, bur. 

1644, Apl. 27. Edith Milbome, widow, bur. 
1651, July 30. John Arnolde, bur. 

1651/2, Mch. II. Robert, s. of Mr. Nich. Clarke, Rector of 

Stowell, bur. 
William Dumford, admitted Registrar, 6 Mch., 1653, by 

John Carye. 
1654, July 10. James Dumefordeand Elizabeth Clarke, mar. 
1654, July 2 3* Anne, dr. of Laurence and Elizabeth Hooper, 


1654, Oct. 22. Anne Hooper, bur. 

1655, Sept. 8. Elizabeth Hoopper, bom. 
1657, Oct. 4. Anna Hooper, bora. 

1662, Nov. 1 8. Laurence, s. of Laurence and Eliz. Hooper, bapt. 
1664/5, Feb. 14. Thomas, s. of do. „ „ 

1668, May 10. Nicolas, son of Nicolas and Ursula Clarke, bom, 
bapt. and buried. 

1668, Dec. 26. William, s. of Laurence and Eliz. Hooper, 


1669, May 16. Dorothy, dr. of Nic. and Ursula Clarke, bapt. 
i66q, June 16. William, s. of Laurence Hooper, bur. 

1670, June 10. Suzanna, dr. of Laurence and Eliz. Hooper. 


1670, Nov. 1. Mary, dr. of Nic. and Ursula Clarke, bapt. 

1671, July 18. Nicolas Clarke ye younger, bur. 

1673, May 25. William, s. of Laurence and Eliz. Hooper* 

8 Somerset £• Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

1675, June 21. Elizabeth, dr. of Edwarde and Joane Gierke, bapt. 

(bur. Apl. 2, 1676). 
^^IS/^p Jf'^' 8« Jo^J^ Collens, bur. 
1676/7, Feb. 7. Elizabeth, dr. of Edward and Joane Clarke, 

There are entries of the children of Thomas and Katherine 
Collens, between 16 16 and 1637, and also other instances of the 
name, but nothing to show any connection with John Collens, 
Rector, who died 1631. 

C. H. Mayo. 

3. S.BirinusandtheWessexBishopric. (II.xi.85,xii. no, 
III, xiii. 144, ziv. 171, 172, XV. 231, xvi. 243, 244.) — In my last 
reply to Mr. Barnes I stated that Wini's own Archbishop ignored 
his episcopate at Winchester and Mr. Barnes, while not denying 
that Theodore ignored that episcopate, as of course he hardly 
could in face of my quotation from Theodore's Decre/a, retorted 
by remarking that Deusdedit was Archbishop of Canterbur)% when 
Wini was Bishop of Winchester. But this remark does not affect 
the truth of my statement, unless Wini was dead before Theodore 
reached England ; for if not, Theodore was as much Wini's Arch- 
bishop as Deusdedit had been before. The value therefore of the 
criticism of Mr. Barnes on this point is to me unintelligible. I 
must put up with Mr. Barnes's inability to see the application of 
my extract, from the Report of the Council of Hertford, to the 
foundation or re-foundation of the see of Winchester, merely 
pointing out that Baeda did not write such nonsense as augeniur 
which Mr. Barnes makes him write, and that the words " sed de 
hac re ad praesens siluimus" have nothing to answer to them in 
the old English version of Bede, and are a comment by Bede or 
another, or by Theodore on the capitulum in question, but are not 
part of the capitulum. 

Mr. Barnes puts forward with amusing coolness a theory of 
J. R. Green's disbelief in his own maps ; such treatment of Green's 
work is unfair, and not warranted, in my opinion, by the passage 
in the preface, or by Green's views on the conquest of Dorset 
as given in his book. 

Mr. Barnes concludes by saying : *• Neither of your corres- 
'* pondents has accounted for the fact that the only direct evidence 
•* as to the settlement of Birinus at Dorchester is contained in 
** Bede." I cannot see why Mr. Barnes calls upon me to account 
for a fact which I much regret ; I wish there was more evidence 
but I cannot help it. He accuses me also of not accounting for 
the supposed fact, " that the Dorchester (Dorset) theory agrees 
with it (1*.^., Bede's evidence), whilst the Dorchester (Oxon) does 

In answer to Mr. Barnes I have tried to show that the history 
of the West-Saxon Conquest makes Mr. Barnes's view impossible. 

Sofm$rut S» Dorset Sotss S» Qmriis. 9 

and that Bede's evidence in no way conflicts with the view I hold, 
while it certainly does not support Mr. Barnes's. 

There are a few other points tonched on by Mr. Barnes which 
I think require comment. He puts forward, as a reason for the 
transfer of the West-Saxon See from Dorchester to \^nchester in 
676, the notion "that by that time Winchester had become the 
** capital of Wessez, and suitable provision for the reception o f a 
" Bishop had been made there by the building and endowment of 
the minster," omitting to mention that it was decided in 643 to 
build the minster and that the building was hallowed in 648. I 
wonder what the words " by that time " imply, and what was the 
capital of Wessez before 676, if Winchester was not. To judge 
from his last article the capital must have been in his opinion 
somewhere in Wiltshire! Under the guidance of Mr. Daniel 
Haigh, Mr. Barnes transfers the battle of Wimbledon (which 
J. R. Green describes as ** the first fight of Englishmen with 
Englishmen on British soil ") to Somerset, and regards this battle 
as deciding the fate of the Aesiiva regie. What will Prof. Freeman 
say to that ? 

Mr. Barnes cannot understand how Hlothhere could have his 
See at Dorchester-on-Thames (670-676) if Wulfhere of Merda 
seized the district of the four towns in 661. But it does not 
follow that, because Wulfhere held the district in 661, that district 
would be Mercian in 670-676. A sufficient reason for the removal 
of the see from Dorchester-on-Thames to Winchester would be 
the insecurity of the frontier in 676 as compared with 635. 

Those, who do not know Green's views on the westward 
extension of Wessex, would do well to study them carefully before 
following Mr. Barnes's views ; those who know Green's views, are 
not likely to agree with Mr. Barnes. 

It seems to me, that, if the memory of the Oxon town had 
passed clean away, and if we had known of no other Dorchester 
than the Dorset town, we must have assumed that there had once 
bee ^ another Dorchester, where S. Birinus fixed his seat in 635. 
That assumption luckily need not be made ; the other Dorchester 
still exists, in a district West- Saxon by colonization and West- 
Saxon still in speech, thoui^h it did gravitate to Engleland. I do 
not profess to do more than guess when that gravitation began, 
but I have no doubt that the Oxon Dorchester was the scene of 
Cynegil's baptism and the first site of Birinus' grave. 


4. Mr. Barnes having stated that Dorchester (Dorset) ceased 
to be the See of the West Saxon bishopric circa 660, it would be 
a somewhat awkward fact if it could be shown that Haedda (a 
Wessex prelate) was seated at Dorchester (Oxon) from 676 until 

lo Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

the removal of the See to Winchester. (The editor of Man. 
Hist. Brit, at p. 179, assigns the transfer to the year 683). 

Mr. Barnes, therefore, deals lightly with the passage from 
the Decreta of Theodore, but his attempt to explain away the 
Archbishop's inconvenient statement does not to my mind dispose 
of the difficulty, which is that the only direct testimony within 
our reach points to the fact the Haedda was seated in Oxfordshire 
at the beginning of his tenure of office, and I am not aware of 
any contradictory statements by other authors, although the 
bishop is elsewhere described as being of Winchester, which is 
of course partly correct. Assuming that Haedda was for a time 
settled at Dorchester (Oxon), the removal of the bones of his 
predecessor simultaneously with the transfer of the cathedral 
dignity is quite intelligible if Birinus had lived and died on the 
banks of the Thames. Whereas if Birinus was buried at the 
sister town in Dorset it is less obvious why Haedda's departure 
from Dorcheser (Oxon), should coincide with the removal of 
Birinus's grave from Dorsetshire, for the minister at Winchester 
was finished before Haedda's episcopacy. 

I notice that Kemble in the index to his Saxons in England 
(vol. 2, ed. 1849) assigns the various baptisms to Dorset and the 
bishop's seat to Oxon, but he gives no reason for drawing what 
seems to be an arbitrary distinction. 

Hbnry Symonds. 

5. Dkdications of Somerset Churches. — In the Pro- 
ceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological Society, vol. xvii, 
pp. 1 16-12 1, is given a list of dedications of churches in Somer- 
set taken from Ecton's ^* Thesaurus Rerum EcclesT (1742). 
It does not contain, however, the additions given in the 
Appendix, p. 782. 

In making abstracts of Wills, (dated 1 530-1 550), I have 
come upon several instances of dedications differing from those 
given by Ecton ; of which the following is a list : 

Dedication {circa 1 530.) 

Assumption B.V.M. 

Decollation of St. J.B. 

All Saints. 

St. Saviour. 

St. Bennynge. 

St. Andrew. 

St. Geld.* 


Holy Trinity. 

• I suppose this means St. Giles. 


Dedication {Ecto 

Brompton Ralph 
Cheriton, N. 

St. Mary 

St. John Bapt. 

St. Michael 


St. Mary Magd. 
St. Mary 
St. Luke 




Holy Trinity 
St. John Bapt. 
All Saints 

Somerset 6* Dorut Notes S* Queries. 


Also the following cases in which the Diocesan Kalendar 
(1891) gives a different dedication : 

Dedication {D.K.) 
St. James 
St. Michael 
St. Nicholas 
St. John Evan. 
St. Peter 
All Saints 
St. Stephen 

Of the following twenty Churches the dedications are appar- 
ently unknown. Perhaps some of the readers of S, &D.N.& Q, 
may be able to supply them. 

Curry Malet 

Filton als. Whitchurch 

Dedication (1530). 
All Saints. 
St. Giles. 
St. Gregory. 
St. Leonard. 
All Saints. 
St. Peter. 
St. Mary. 




Bradley, West 



Combe Hay 










Stoke Pero 

Ston Easton* 


Sutton Malet 

F. W. Weaver. 

6. Beggars Bush. (II. ziv. 173, zv. 219.) — May I add two 
more instances ? There is at Cheddar a spot known as " Beggars* 
Batch." A writer in the Daily Bristol Times and Mirror of i8th 
August, 1891, complains of the disgraceful state of a road, com- 
monly known as ** Beggar^s Bush Lane^* in the Long Ashton 
District, and apparently situated in that parish. He evidently 
connects the word with beggars, for, describing the darkness of the 
road at night caused by overhanging trees, he says, '' a more 
unpleasant place to encounter a resolute and importunate tramp I 
cannot imagine." 

We have had three derivations put before us, and with the 
high authority of Professor Earle in favour of the " beggars," I 
am somewhat unwilling to suggest a fourth. I will, however, 
hazard it, with the hope of promoting further discussion. My 
notion is that the place-name '' Bagewtrre^* may be the original. 
This is the spelling in Domesday book of Badgworth, near 
Axbridge ; and if I remember rightly, the Professor once told me 
that the termination **werre** signifies "a boundary " ; and I have 
always thought that the village answered to its name by being one 

* The chapel at Eston Minor, part of Ston Easton, was dedicated to B. V.M. 

12 Sofmrsit S» Dorset NoUs S» Queries. 

of the boandaries of the island of Wedmore. Two questions, 
however, occur. Is the * g* in " Bagewerre " hard ? And, what 
is the meaning of the first part of the word — ** Bage " ? What 
one is anxious to know is : May not ** Beggar's Bush " be simply 
an equivalent for " Boundary Bush " ? 

J. Coleman. 

7. Sbtting the Thames on Fire. — The Wesi Somersei 
Free Press of 26 December, 1891, has a communication which 
will interest readers of S, Gf D. N. Gf Q. The writer, who 
does not give his name, traces the well-known expression 
* Setting the Thames on fire * to the * South Country,' perhaps to 
the county of Somerset. He writes as follows ; — 

" I beg to send you the following, which I consider to be the 
origin of the saying * He will never set the Thames on fire.' 
It has just come to my knowledge that a person residing at 
Buckland St. Mary has still in her possession an old flour-sieve 
called a temse ('temse bread, sifted bread,' old dictionary, 1726, 
South Country), the framework of which is entirely of wood. 
The sieve is made to pass to-and-fro rapidly in a trough by a 
rotary action in some way. Occasionally a strong fellow who was 
set to put one of these machines in motion, in his haste to get 
through with his task, caused ignition of the parts by the friction. 
Hence the saying, when speaking of a man who is slow or of dull 
intellect, * He will not set the temse on fire.' " 

If the owner of this 'temse' be disposed to part with it, 
would it not be well for the Somerset Archaeological Society to 
purchase it for their Museum ? 

John LI. Warden Page, Williton. 

8. Dorset Administrations. — Continued, — (II. ix. 10, 
X. 49, xi. 78, xii. 113, xiii. 150, xiv. 178, xv. 217, xvi. 242.) 

- ,. ^, . _ OnutM It ReUtlonihip Date of 

FoMo. Name of Deceawd. Pariah to Deceaaed. Admlnistnitioii. 

31 Alston aPs Potkin, Lighe, parish Edward Potkyn, husband 3 June, 1611 

Edith ofYeatminster 

9 Barnes al's Riggs, Poole WUUam Barnes, son 12 Mar.. 1610 


33 Birte, James Hasdbury Rebecca, relict 9 Oct., 1611 


3 Bridle, Richard Sydlmge Thomas, brother 12 Jan., 1610 

43 Cupper, John Sherborne John, son 28 Dec, 161 1 

41 Haman al's Han- Obome Joan, relict 20 Nov.. 161 1 

nam, Walter 
17 Harvy, Henry Coleway, par. Walter, brother; Mary, 6 May, 161 1 

ofLymeRegis . Harvy.relict, renouncing 
17 Jesop, Marik EastChidcercU Frances Napper al's 8 May, 1611 

Tesop, wife of John 


tapper, sister 

Somifut &» Dorset Noiis S' Querus. 


roHo. NuM of DMMatd. 
43 Jordjm* Silvester 

Lyme Regit 

15 Milles, John Manion 

y> Moone, Anthony Lyme Regit 

44 Moone, Morgan Borport 
23 Parker, Walter Obome 
21 Potkin al*s Alston, see Alston 

15 Re3moldes, Lance- Weymonth & 
lot Mdcombe 

Regb, parish 
of Radypole 

9 Riggs al*B Barnes, see Barnes 

7 Seager, Robert Gissage All Dorothy, relict 

26 Stone, Robert Dordiester Edith, relict 

40 Thomhall,William, ThomhiU, par- Barbara, relict 
arm. ish of Stal- 


OrantM k B«Utionahip Date of 

to D«cMM(t ▲dmintitnttoa. 

Elisabeth relict ('debonis' 1 1 Dec., 161 1 

erant Nov., 1612) 
Christian, relict 21 Apl., 1611 

Martha Davidge al*8 13 Sep., 1611 

Moone, wife of Chris- 
topher Davidge. sister; 

Morgan Moon, brother. 

not fully administering 

(previous grant Mch, 

Dionisie, rdect 26 Dec., 161 1 

Joan, relict 4 June, 161 1 

Henry Harbin, creditor, 
of goods not administer- 
ed by Mary, relict. 
(Grant of I4reb., 1605. 

8 May, 161 1 

20 Feb., 1610 

13 July, 161 1 
15 Nov., 161 1 


65 Adams, Henry Uploder 

C4 Bovet, Mary 
69 Brookes, Robert 
71 Heame, John 
62 Hulet, Augustin 
78 ioTdyUf Silvester 

Lyme Regis 
Lyme Regis 


46 Longe, Anthony Stratton 

65 Mitchell, '^^niliam Buckland 
5^ Phillipps, John, arm. Wareham 
40 PhUlipps, Richard Poole 
77 Prentant, John Poole 
60 Raymond, John Helton 

50 Scutt, John 

57 Stagg, William 
82 Sjrmonds, Thomas 

S3 Tirlinge, Radford 
80 'Bynney, Stephen 




8 June, 161 2 

n Mch., f 61 1 
28 July, 1612 

20 Aug., 1611 

21 May, 1612 
6 Nov., 1612 

2 Jan., 161 1 

5 June, 1612 

Apl., 161 2 
4 Jan., 161 1 

1 Oct., i6i» 
I May. 16 1 2: 

8 Feb., 161 1 

Ann, relict 22 Apl., 1612 

Ann, relict (further grant 22 Dec, 1612 

July, 1613) 
Thomazme, reuct 1 o Dec. ,1612 

Alice, relict 28 Nov., 16 12 

Elizabeth Adams al's 
Waldroo, relict 
fohn, jun., brother 
"illiam, son 

Agnes, relict 

Frances, relict 

John, son ; Elizabeth, 
relict, not having fully 

DorothyPayne al'sLonge, 

Elizabeth, relict 

Ann, relict 

Elizabeth, reUct 

Margaret, relict 

Elizabeth ■ Raymond, 
mother of George, Eliz- 
abeth and Mabel Ray- 
mond, grandchildren of 
deceased, during their 

Alice, rdict 


Somerset <$• Dorset Notes S» Qmries. 

Folio. Name of DeoeaMd. 
88 Vync, John 

56 Wheder, Robert Bcere Regis 

Onnteefr Relationship Date of 

Parish. to Deceased. AdministratUm. 

Stunninster Edward, brother, and 10 Dec., 16 12 
Marshall Lucy Stone al's Vyne, 

sister, widow 

Alice Carpenter, sister, 8 Apl., 1613 
William Vyne and 
Thomas Meaider, next 
of kin 


IIA Avyn( , 
9$ Bole al's Bull, 

96 Bradbury, Thomas, Bindon 


137 Browne, John 

123 Cox, Hugh 
99 Fathers, Giles 

125 Flambord, John 

124 Gillingame al*s Gill< 

ineham, Charles 
108 Gt}urde, James 
117 Lockier, John 
128 Mico, Robert 
1 01 Motier al's Ray. 

linge, William 

1 1 4 NichoUs, Nicholas 
loi Raylinge al*s 

Motier, William 
1 13 Sleach, John 
108 Symonds, Anna 

112 Symonds, Thomas 

118 Swett, William 
90 White, Walter 

1 73 Acreman, Henry 


Lye, parish of 

East Woodde- 




Elizabeth, relict 
William Bole, next of 

WimondBradburie, gent. , 

brother, of Newport 

Pond, CO. Essex. 
Laurence Meller of Strat- 

ton, gent., creditor 
Margery, relict 

28 Aug.,1613 
8 Apl., 16 13 

5 Mch.,i6i2 

15 Nov., 1613 
4 Oct, 1613 
2oApL, 1613 

George Penny of St. 

Martin's in the Fields, 

gent.; — relict renouncing 
John Baughe of City of 24 Nov., 16 13 

Bristol, Sopemaker, 

Henry, brother 

Dorchester Joan, relict 
CanfordMagna Joan, relict 




see Motier 



Avice, relict 

Mairiane Whitby, sister, 
wifeof William Whitby, 
sen., ot Hinton, parish of 
Mudford, Somerset, gent, 

John, brother 

3 Nov., 1613 

8 June, 16 13 
12 Sep., 1613 
27 Nov., 1613 
17 May, 1613 

27 Aug., 1613 



Margaret, relict 7 Aug., 1613 

George Fulshurst of 5 June, 1613 
Fameborough, co. War- 
wick, ^ent., J)rother, 
during minority of Anne 
S3rmonds, daughter of 

Thomas,son; Ann, relict, 20 July, 1613 
not having fully admin- 
istered (former grant 
Dec., 1612) 

Elizabeth, relict. 

Thomas White, sen., son, 
and Thomas White, jun. 
grandson of deceased 

28 Sep., 1613 
19 Feb« 1612 

Hawkechurch Joan, relict 

25 Nov., 1614 

Sowursit <5* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 15 

OnntM k B^Ationahip Date of 

Folio. Name of Deeoued Fuiah. toDocoMod. Adm Inittntioa. 

157 Allen, Margaret Pnlham Joan Devenish al*s Allen, 14 July, 1614 

wife of FrandsDerenish, 
aunt ; further grant 
Oct., 1615 
168 Boden, John Canford George Collier of Ford- 7 Oct., 1614 

ingbridge, co. Sonth., 
next of kin: — reHct 
152 Crandon, John Wambrooke Agiies, rel^t i6Tune,i6i4 

137 Fathers, Gfles East Woodde- Gfles, son 15 Feb., 1613 

(Grant of ApL, 16 13, to George Penny, renounced) 
164 Hobbie, William Winterbome Warbare, rdkt 3 Sep., 1614 

148 Holcombe, Giles Herison John, brother 23 May, 16 14 

134 Kennett, John Woodland, Richard Sdbie of Pern- 7 Jan., 1613 

parish of peme, yeoman, grand- 
Horton father (on mother's side) 

(died abroad) of Margaret and Joan 
Kennett children of 
172 Richards, Giles Motcombe William, brother loNov., 1614 

134 Rogers, Bartholo- East Morden Frances, relict 20 Jan., 1613 

150 Stone, Henry Withowe Heniy, son 15 Jmie, 1614 

Hooke, par- 
i$h of Yet. 

158 Vincent, Constan- Chardstocke Willixim Vincent, nephew 24 July, 1614 

tine and next of kin 

152 Wells, Edward Shaston Mighel, relict 20 June, 1614 

(To be continued.) 

Geo. S. Fry. 

9. The River- Name Greedy. — Gan any one tell the origin 
of the name Creedy or Credy as applied to a stream ? 

The principal source of the river Parret was formerly called 
the Credy (Gollinson, Vol. II., p. 334). 

The bridge over this stream, on the road from Norton-snb- 
Hamden to South-Harp and Over-Stratton, is called '* Creedy 
bridge" to this day. ( F/ltiJ? N.W. comer of new 6in. Ordnance 
Map for Somerset ; sheet lxxxix» N.W.) 

The late Mr. T. Kerslake, in his latest publication "5*/. 
Richard^ the King of Englishmen^** (pa. 36 ^/ seq\ derives the 
place-name Grediton, in Devonshire, from a stream called Creedy, 
which *' is the centre limb of one of the ver)* numerous rivers 
known in the West of England as Yeo." The name of Greedy 
he further derives from the Geltic Saint " Greide, Groyde, or 
Grida," and he thence launches forth on a disquisition concern- 
ing a presumable connection between the saint and the river ; 
which connection, however, I am unable to accept. 

1 6 Somerset <5» Dorset NoUs S* Quitiis. 

Curiously enough, there is within half a mile of Petherton 
bridge, and a little more than that distance from Creedy bridge, a 
hamlet called Yeabridge or Yeobridge, through which flows a 
tiny affluent of the Parret ; the name of this hamlet I have 
always associated with the neighbouring rivulet. 

In modem Welsh dictionaries Cnider means " freshness or 
parity," and certainlv that portion of our river lying a short 
distance above Creedy bridge is much clearer than where near 
that spot it passes through the flat alluvial, and until recent times, 
marshy valley to the north, and where it seems always to have 
been called the " Parret " or its Celtic or Saxon equivadent. 

That the derivation of '* Creedy" is Celtic I well believe, 
but what the word means I should be glad to learn from some 
one of your numerous readers. 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

zo. Bacon Family of Somerset. (II. xv, 233, xvi. 248). — 
Doubtless Beta has the Arms of the Bacon Family of Maunsell. 
They appear on a mural tablet under the tower of St. Michael 
Church, a little building close to Maunsell. But the crest does not 
appear there, so I cannot enlighten him on that point. 

I have thought that the following sketch of the family, com- 
piled from Michael Church Tablet and Registers (a copy of which 
I have), and from North Petherton Registers, may be useful. 

William BACONof Maunsell, = Joanx d. of John Grobham of Broom- 
CO. Som. Ob. c. 1663 I field, co. Som., yeoman. [Som. 
I WUls, iii, 4.] 

William Bacon of Mamisell,= Elizabeth, d. John Bacon 

gent. Obiit 38 April, 1600, 
Act 57. [Tomb at M. Ch.] 

of Dudson ? Mary Bacon 

William Bacon a. Dudson,(a J.Thomas 'Bacon=Grace, daur. & coh. Mary 

bom 2 1 Jan., 1657-8 son,)bp.i662 of Maunsell, 

Died l6April, 1689, Esq., [M.D.?] 

aged 31. Matricn- 4 George, bp. 1604, bur- 

lated at Oxford, 26 bp., 1670 ied at Michael 

Nov. 1 675, aged 1 7. Church, 1 722. 

of John Hardey of Bacon 
Woolcomb Mat- bp. 1660 
ravers, co. Dorset, 
Esq. She was bur- 
ied at M. Ch. 15 
June, 1702. 

Thomas Bacon, i. Grace Bacon 2. Susannah wife 3. Dorothy bp. 
buried at M.Ch. bp. 169^, wife Of W. Catford 1696. 
24 Sept. 1702. otWm.Taunton of Boomer in N. 
o.s.p. of Lye, CO. Dor- Petherton, Esq. 

8et,mar. at N.P. [Hutchins' Dor- 

21 July, 1 720 set IV. 433-4-] 

R. Grosvenor Bartlett. 

Somtrset 6* Dorset Notes S» Qturies. 17 

zx. Mbdal of St. Philip Nsri. — A small brass medal, 
weighing i oz.» was lately picked up in a garden at East Pennard. 
The shape is oval, measuring li inch by i, having a ring at the 
top to hang it by. On the obverse is a crowned figure of the 
Virgin holding the child on her left arm with a sceptre in her right 
hand. The figure appears to grow out of a tree, of which the 
stem and roots are seen below and the foliage above. The legend 
is S. MARIA MONTAGVT. The rim has been much worn to 
the injury of the figure. On the reverse, a bald-headed, bearded 
man's bust looking to the left, crowned by an aureole, with the 
legend S. PHILIP. NER. C. OR. F. Between the letters I and 
L intervenes what looks like an assemblage of stars from which 
rajs proceed towards St. Philip. Was there after the Dissolution 
of Monasteries any resuscitation of the house of Montacute under 
the patronage of the new saint, of which this could have been an 
abbey token ? 

W. E. Daniel. 

la. Custody of Stour and Frome (II. xiv. 181). — May 
I be allowed to say that J.B. will find mention made of this 
subject in Hutchins (3rd ed.). Introduction, p. Ixxxi, and vol. iv, 
p. 104, together with references to the deed to which our attention 
has been directed ? 

The Frome and the Stour appear to have been peculiar 
among West Country rivers by reason of the inspection and 
protection of their banks in days long ago by an officer appointed 
for the purpose. The origin of this balivate or custody seems to 
be wrapped in obscurity, but a guess may perhaps be hazarded 
that the object of the safe-guarding was to protect the streams for 
Royal sportsmen. 

I imagine that the office was in a sense the fore-runner of 
the Fishery Boards and River Conservators of the present time, 
whose water bailiffs are now, in certain districts, the actual 
guardians of our rivers. 

With respect to free fisheries there is less doubt. 

A free fishery may be defined as an exclusive right of fishing 
in a public water (see Blackstone). 

It is a Royal franchise or privilege and was formerly regarded 
as one of the flowers of the Crown's prerogative. 

Such grants having been forbidden by Magna Charta, all 
existing free fisheries must base their claims on actual or implied 
Royal grants not later than the reign of John (Stephen's Commen- 
taries, vol. i.). 

It may be said that the fishing of the Fleet, Abbotsbury, etc., 
was granted 12 Charles I. to an ancestor of Lord Ilchester, but I 
am not clear as to whether, strictly speaking, this is a free fishery. 

Henry Symonds. 

1 8 Somerset &» Dorset Notes &» Queries. 

13. Daubbnby Family (I. viii. 340, 341, II. ix. 4).— Having 
read the former Papers on the Daubeney Family in S, & D. N. 
^ Q./\\ strikes me it may be interesting to some of its subscribers 
to read the following letter from Giles Daubeney to Sir John 
Trevelyan in the time of Henry VIII. 

Sir Hugh Luttrell married Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Hill, sister by the mother's side to Lord Daubeney (Chamber- 
layne to Henry VII.) Sir Giles Daubeney was created Lord Dau- 
beney in 1485. General of Henry Vllth s Army, he defeated the 
Cornish rebels on Blackheath in 1497. 

The original letter is at Nettlecombe Court. 
'• Cousin Trevilyan, 

'' I commande me unto you in a herty mood as I can, and 
understand that upon my late writing unto you for taking hede 
unto the King's game within the Forest of Exmore, ye have right 
well endeavoured you for the good keeping of the same, for the 
which I am right hertily well contented with you, and I pray 
you of your like countynuance of the same, how soo be it, I am 
enformed that of late a little genggie is fallen between my Brother 
Sir Hugh Luttrell and you for that he of late hunted in the out- 
woods of the said forest and therefore a couple of hounds were 
taken up by servants of yours from his servants. After that. 
Cousin, in as moche as my said Brother Luttrell is a border of 
the same Forest, and that ye know, he hath married my Sister, 
and the man whome I doo love tenderly, my mynde is, and 
desire unto you that ye should have an yghe unto hym above all 
others in those Parties, and that when it shall like hym to kyll a 
Dere, or to hunte for his Disporte, that ye suffer hym so to do. 
I pray you as hertely as I can. 

Written at Greenwich the xx daie of Fevere and I pray you 
Cousyne let my said Brother take his Disporte, and if he list, let 
hym kyll one Dere in Somer and another in Wynter hereafter. 

Your Cousyn, 

Giles Daubeney. 
To my Cousyn, 

Sir John Trevelyan—Knight." 

Margaret Bulley, Marston Hill, Fairford, 

14. Langton Long Blandford : Churchwardens' 
Account Book. — It is remarkable what a fruitful store of 
material for parochial history may be gathered from so unpromis- 
ing a source as an old parish account-book, when carefully 
examined, and made to yield up the facts which, like fossils, lie 
embedded in its pages. 

The account-book of a small Dorset parish, which the writer 
has recently examined, is a good illustration of this proposition. 

Langton Long Blandford, a parish of some 1808 acres, 
situated near another Blandford of greater fame, possesses a 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 19 

churchwardens' account-book, commencing in the year 1636 aAd 
extending to 1697 inclusive, — and containing some 54 leaves, of 
which, however, the last six contain no entries. 

The book is of paper, the leaves measuring about iii by 
7|ins., bound in limp parchment, and the first page is evidently 
the beginning of the volume, as the heading is distinguished 
from that of the other pages by being boldly written out in old 
English characters. 

It begins *' eteesttno Mt Januarii Wimvf 9tA 1686* A 
perfecte accompte of such money as Robert Viney and John 
Blanchard, Churchwardens for the pishe of Lanhgtonn Longbfand- 
ford haue Laid out in manner and forme following, vizt. — 
][ttt|nttinta, palht ^t0 HitftolOB Mtitn fn s^fhtfi \tpp of 
Sitnfrtt tmniftt . . . . yjs." 

There are no accounts for the years 1642, 1644, 1647, '^49» 
1650, 1660, 1661, — while in 1643 ^^^ >64S the expenditure has 
dwindled to very small dimensions, and such few entries as exist 
for 1652, 3, and 4, seem included in the account for 1650. 

In the year 1648 there is a short account kept by Abel Selley, 
the Minister, not by the Churchwardens, and is entered out of 
due place. It is worth transcribing as it stands. 

"Alio Dni 1648. li. s. d. 

I laid out for a directorie . . . . 00 02 00 o 

[This entry has been crossed out, but 
is quite legible.] 
In glazing the Church windowes by Matth. 

Harding, Nouemb. 8, 1648 .. 00 12 05 o 

And at another time by the same Matthew 
as it appeareth by 2 bills of his owne writ- 
ing, hereunto mstned . . . . 10 9 ob 
Willm. Parsons laid out 3s. 4d. in a bell-rope whch was allowed 

him in the buriall of his aunt. 
Ther was reed, the same year, 1648, of 
Willm. Parsons for burying his aunt 
Crocker in the Church . . . . 00 6 8 

for burying of Robt. Knap in the Church 00 6 8 

13 4 

So hauing receiued 13s. 4d. & laid out 
23s. 2d. there remaineth due to me . . 12 10 

By me Abel Selley." 
This short account tells its own tale. Selley had been placed 
in charge of the parish by the Dorset Parliamentary Committee 
9th Dec, 1646, and having no Churchwardens able or willing to 
do anything for the Church, was constrained to cause the bare 
necessary repairs in mending the windows to be made on his own 
responsibility, only partially reimbursing himselfout of burial fees. 
It is curious to observe his second thoughts in erasing the 

20 Somtrset <S* Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

charge for the ** Directory" * after he had entered it as the first 
item in his expenditure. 

The outlay of the year 1651 is written twice over, once on a 
loose sheet. In this year Churchwardens again appear — there had 
been none mentioned since 1 646 — and considerable repairs were 
executed upon the Church, involving £4- '^s. od. to John Batte, 
the carpenter, and £$ 9s. od. to Walter Sansomn the mason, to 
amend the defects of previous years, and 12 rates were raised for 
the purpose. No proper accounts were kept for 1652-4, and the 
regular record of receipts and payments recommences in 1655. 

For five years 1655-59 the accounts are seen and allowed by 
two Members of the County Committee, as was usually the case, 
the signatures being those of John Tregonwell and James Dewy, 
25 June, 1655 (the latter a notorious and active Committee-man), 

James Dewy and John Squibb 28 May, 1656, Roger Clavell and 
ames Dewy 1657, Roger Clavell and John Squibb 6 May, 1658, 
and the same again 12 May, 1659. 

The accounts for 1 662 bear evident witness to the Restoration. 
ISO "quarrels" of glass were inserted in the windows, which 
must have been sadly out of repair, ** a new Comon prayer booke " 
was procured at the cost of IDS. 6d., and £2 5s. od. were paid 
** for nine ells of holland at 5s. p ell to make a Surplisse for the 
Minister," and 7s. 6d. "for makeinge and washing the Sur- 
plisse." Sixpence was also expended " for the King's and Arch 
Bishop's direct' to ye Ministers." [Oct. 1662.] 

Not the least interesting is the entry "for mendinge the 
Kinge's armes in the Church '* 6s. 8d., to repair the damage done 
in 1 65 1, when lod. was paid " ffor washing out the King's Armes 
in o' Church." It would seem that, with an eye to the future, the 
parish had simply covered the Royal arms with a coat of white- 
wash, which a small outlay could remove when times changed. 

These and other expenses for the year 1662 amounted to 
£6 198. 5d., for which seven rates were raised, in addition to " a 
Benevolence given to the Church by George Lovell " of ;^i. 

The principal entries of work upon the Church in later years 
are £iq 2s. 6d. to the plumber for new lead, and ;^i5 17s. lod. to 
the carpenter for timber for the roof, and £6 for casting the bell, 
all incurred in the year 1673, the whole expenditure for the year 
being the large sum of£s4' 14s. iid. ob. 

As might be surmised, this account book bears some testi- 
mony to the names of the ecclesiastics in charge of the parish. 
Thus "John Young, Curat." signs the accounts for 1636, 7, 
8 and 9,— during which time Christopher Pitt was Rector, who also 
a1 I o^^ ^^^"^ ^^ Pimpeme, and died in the year last named. 
Abel Selley, as already mentioned, appointed by the Committee, 

♦ The Directory had been established by an Ordinance of Parliament 
3 Jany., 1644.5. 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 2X 

appears in the year 1648 (but migrated to Winterbome Thomson, 
where he was in 1650, and died area 1 660-1), while Theophilus 
Wodenoth signs the accounts at Easter 1658, his signature appear- 
ing for the last time to the election of Churchwardens, ist April, 
1689, though he did not die till 1701. 

In regard to the Church Services, the entries shew that the 
Holj Communion was celebrated four times a year. Thus, in 
1636, the entries are : 
"Laide out for bread and wine at the 
Feaste of Penticost . . . . xyjd." 

At Christmas, xiijd.. Palm Sunday xxijd., and Easter day 
iijs. jd. 

These appear to be the usual seasons assigned for this 
purpose, and occur until 1643. 

In 1645 the expenditure is for Easter Day 2s. gd., for "the 
Sunday after Easter day*' 3s. id., and for "the Sunday after 
Wetsonday'' 2s. id. These three entries are indeed the only 
expenditure for the year. From this date until 1662 there is no 
outlay for this purpose, and the impression given is that Celebra- 
tions ceased. In 1662 bread and wine are provided only for 
Easter Day — 3s. 4d. Perhaps the Holy Table itself had been 
broken during the Usurpation, as is. was paid for mending it in 
1663. At any rate four annual Celebrations were then resumed, 
viz., at Whitsuntide, Christmas, Easter, and " the next Sabboth 
day following Easter day," to which the term •* Low Sunday " 
is applied in 1665. In later years the Celebrations occurred 
either 3 or 4 times annually. 

A continually recurring item in the expenses is that of Visita- 
tion fees. These are usually not large. Thus, in 1638, "paid for 
the book of Articles, 2S. od." t\e. for the paper of questions to be 
answered by the Churchwardens ; " for making the p*sentment 
4d. It. given to the apparitor 4d. It. given to the Register 4d."* 
The apparitor's fee is probably for " wameinge vs to the visita- 
con," as it is expressed in i6||.o, and the Register's fee "for 
delivering in a note of the register booke," as in 1641, t\e, the 
annual transcript. (Cf. Pd. Mr. Horlocke to Receive yc Reagister 
4d. 1679). The charge in 1669, in the nature of a fine, "laid 
forth to the Cort for not puting in of a Redgester 3s. 6d.," is 

All reference to Visitations ceases af^er 1641, and is not re- 
sumed until 1662. Books or formes of prayer and thanksgiving, 
and proclamations were paid for to the apparitor beyond the 
stated fees. 

• This payment of 4d. may be <• pro eihibitione cujus Kbct billae detectionis 
tempore visitationis "—and similarly, that paid to the apparitor. See Table of 
Fees set by Abp. Whitgift, 1597. 

23 Somerset 6^ Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

The charge for Visitation Fees should be carefully dis- 
tinguished from the following . 
1636. Paid for our djnners at the Visi- 
tacon . . . . . . lis. vid. 

1658. Laid out for our expense at the 
Visitacon . . . . . . 6s. id. ob. 

This was, of course, a variable sum. 
An amusing instance occurs in 1685, when it is entered : 
Paid for our ezpence att Fesatashon . . 6s. od. 

Paid for a boottell of wine yt wee gaue the 
parsson at Fesatashon . . . . 2s. od. 

Another payment made at the Visitation, though not a 
Visitation Fee, was Smoke Money. It amounted to lo^d. a 

Sear, and appears in 1638, 39, 40, and 41. Nothing more is 
eard of it till 1665, when there is an entry of 8s. 8d., paid 
" to Mr. G. Frome for five yearcs Penticost or Smoake Money." 
In 1666, IS. 9d. were paid ; in 1668, 3s. s^d. for two years; on 
30th March, 1671, is. 8id., *Uo Mr. Tho. Horlocke." It then 
reverts to the old scale of loid. Why it should have been 
doubled in those years, except to make up for arrears lost during 
the Usurpation, is not apparent. This payment was in the 
nature of an offering by a Parish Church to the mother Church, 
and in this case, as also, e,g. at Ceme Abbas, went no doubt to 
the Cathedral Church of Sarum. 

Turning from ecclesiastical to secular affairs, this account, 
book bears witness to the part done by the parish or tything, in 
common with others, towards the maintenance of the forces of 
the county. 

1636. Paid vnto Nicholas Coward for 

keeping the armor . . . . xijd. 

PSaide to the Monster Master . . ... 

PSaide vnto Peter Duffett for serving in 

the Tithing Costlett . . . . ... 

1637. fifor two daies servinge in the 

mhinge Costlett . . . . 14 

To the Muster Master . . . . 6 

n;t. Paid for keeping the Tvthinge Arms i o 

it- P^d for serving in the Tythinge 

anMor. ffive dayes . . . . 3 4 

3a. irtTen to the Muster Maister . . 6 

*<i£»4» for makinge cleane the tythinge 

Wn]t!i>r .. .. .. 16 

vtv fbi Vttster Maister . . . . 6 

y».*K W. to Nicho. Coward for keepe- 

*<sit*» ^*r t^ Tythinge Armes and mend- 

■taL *» v'f Cv>slett . . . . 16 

> '.* 'NKm- Duffett for serveinge in the 

^ - '^*%^w Cv^ett ,. .. 12 

Somerset 6- Dorset Notes S^ Queries. 23 

These are the only entries of this nature which occur in the 
Tolume. They cease at this date, and are never afterwards 

Some entries in this volume, relating to payments from 
the Church Rate for Charitable purposes, are worth transcribing. 
1636. Laid out to two Irish weomen wch 
theire husbandes weare taken in Turkey vid, 

1662. To the Capt. that came from 
Dunkerke by a passe towards the 

West .. .. .. 16 

To soldiers that came by passes from 

Dunkerke .. ' •• •• to 

[Dunkirk was sold to the French, 17 Oct., 1662.] 

1663. To Mrs. Mary flfeildinge the wife 
of Capt. flfeildinge to the Ducke of 
Yorkes Regimt and her childringe who 

passed from Ireland by Certificate . . 4 

To Edmund Gill and his family and 

Elizabeth Hide wife of Nathan Hide 

minister, towardes their losses in a shipp 

called the Dragon by shipwrecke 

coming from Dublin to London, pass- 

inge by Certificate . . . . 4 

To Katharine Stanly and Elizabeth 

Mollry of the He of Cotton and their 

childringe who passed by a certificate 

for the raysinge of 100/ for the ran- 

sominge home their husbonds taken by. 

the Turke prisoners and carried into 

Argeer in Barbary . . . . 2 

To Tho : Drew and Jo : Howard of Car- 
bury in the County of Corke, with their 

wifes and children who passed by cer- 
tificate expressinge their losses by fire 

and their loyall service to Kinge 

Charles the Second, given to their 

releife . . . . . . 7 

In this year, 1663, "Collections at Langton Church by 
breifes " realized as follows : 

Losses by fire at Beere in Dorset . . 16 

Losses by fire at Tyverton, Devon . . 6 

Rebuildingof Burrow Chappell, Somerset i o 

Losses by fire at Hexham, Northumber- 
land . . . . . . 10 

Losses by fire at Fordingbridge . . . > ® 

Reparyinge of the Haven of Shippinge 

at the Burrow of greate Grimsby . . 6 

Losses by fire at East Hendred, Berks . . 6 

24 Somerset <S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

1668. To a brife towards the fire of the 

Citty of London . . . . 26 

1670. Giyen to Honour Browne widd\ 

and John Holson and their ffamilies, 

14 in number, of the He of Lakaell and 

County of Downe Pro vers of Wolster in 

Downe Patricke who passed by certifi- 

cate» to their releife . . . . 12 

1679. Given to the Rebuilding poles 

Church •• .. •• 26 

1680. To a breife for Redemption of 

captiyes •• •• •• 20 

1687. Given to a poore Minister & 
others with him who sufifred shipwrak 7 

{To be conitnued,) 

C. H. Mayo. 

15. Attemptbd Murder of William Pitt.— In Lord 
Roseberry's fascinating sketch — life of William Pitt,* recently 
pnblished, on page 54 we read : '* On his return from his City 
triumph, he was waylaid and nearly murdered by an ambuscade 
of blackguards opposite Brooks's Club." This was in 1784, when 
the ''Boy Minister" was unpopular in consequence of his budget 
which taxed hats, raw silk, horses, commodities, bricks, tiles, 
shooting certificates, paper, hackney-coaches, gold and silver 
plate, the export of lead, ale-houses, race horses, and postage, 
(p. 68.) 

I had not met with any account of the above outrage in print 
before, but a good friend of mine here, the ** Oldest Inhabitant," 
a native of Langport, had told me that on one occassion Pitt was 
attacked in his carriage by an enraged party of Chair-men, in re- 
venge for his proposition to levy a tax on Sedan Chairs, when 
his footman, being mistaken in the dark for himself, was killed by 
a blow from one of the carrying staves. Pitt, it seems, had taken 
the man inside for protection, and the story went (most probably 
on popular supposition, so common on like occasions) that he 
was sitting on the side usually occupied by his master. 

This servant was a Langport man, whose name I now forget, 
engaged by Pitt when his home was at Burton Pynsent. My in- 
formant, a nonagenarian with an excellent memory, died last 
autumn, so I can glean no more from him, but I have every con- 
fidence in the correctness of his story. Of course he could not 
have known the murdered man, but he well remembered his family, 
and one circumstance in his boyhood had indelibly fixed it in his 

He recollected seeing the footman's younger brother appre- 

• •• Twelve English Statesmen.— Pitt." MacmiUan 8vo., 1891. 

Somerset 6- Dorset Notes &» Queries. 2$ 

hended as a deserter, and marched through the streets of Lang- 
port under the escort of a guard of soldiers with loaded muskets. 
He was able to remember his neighbours' accounts of Pitt's 
later visits to Burton Pynsent (as he said from Saturday till Mon- 
day) '* when he generally shut himself up in his library, and was 
rarely seen by anybody. 

Hugh Norris» South Petherton. 

x6. Spur Money at Wblls Cathedral. (II. xvi. 257.) — 
With reference to this communication, I remember an anecdote 
of the Duke of Wellington once coming into St. George's Chapel 
(I think it was) with spurs on. A small chorister immediately 
went up and demanded a fine, because his Grace, being a Knight, 
came in there with spurs. The Duke asked the boy to sing 
through the gamut, which the boy, being frightened, failed to do, 
and the Duke escaped his fine. 

W. T. B. 

||In a little book called "Curiosities of the Belfry" (London 
Hamilton, Adams, & Co., 1883), there is given a large number of 
*' Ringers' Rules," most of which prescribe a forfeit for ringing in 
hat or spurs. Editor for Somerset.] 

17. The custom of Choristers exacting a fine from persons 
entering the choir in spurs, mentioned by C. J. S. as happening 
in Wells Cathedral nearly 70 years ago, was not peculiar to that 
Cathedral. The Rev. E. C. Mackenzie Walcott, in his Sacred 
ArchcBohgy, 1868, mentions it as having existed at St. Paul's, West- 
minster Abbey, Lichfield, and Windsor. 

There is a short but interesting article on the subject in 
Chamber^ Journal for ]zxi, 8th., 1887, No. 158, p. 27 ; the writer 
speaks of the custom as having existed at Southwell 30 years ago, 
and at Peterborough about the years 1847-48. 

Mr. John Harding, Architect and Diocesan Surveyor for 
Salisbury, informs me that the custom was in vogue amongst the 
Choristers at Salisbury Cathedral during the years 1826-33, when 
he was a Chorister there. The Rev. Edmund Dowland, M.A., who 
was Master of the Choristers' School, 1863-73, informs me that 
the custom existed in a modified form in his time. 

It is said to have been instituted by Henry VIII., and the 
person in spurs was entitled, if he chose, to ask the youngest 
chorister to repeat the requisite gamut, and if he failed to do this 
correctly, the fine was remitted. 


z8. An article on " Spurs and Spur-money" may be read 
in Chambers' Book of Days , under Nov. 3, in which several in- 
stances of this custom are mentioned. In particular is quoted an 
official notice issued by the Dean of the Chapel- Royal in 1662, to 

26 Somerset 6- Dorset Notes <5* Queries. 

the following effect : — " If any Knight or other person entitled to 
wear spurs, enter the Chapel in that guise, he shall pay to the 
quiristers the accustomed fine ; but if he command the youngest 
quirister to repeat his gamut, and he fail in so doing, the said 
Knight or other shall not pay the fine." 


19. Sanctus Bell. (II. xvi. 260.) — ^This note, by the 
former Editor and valued correspondent of 6\ & D, N. & Q,, 
suggests the following remarks. 

In Gumfreston Church, Pembrokeshire, there still exists the 
old Sanctus Bell, in this case a hand bell (at the present day so 
often the case in R.C. Churches). It is about 15 inches high, 
and used, I presume, to stand on the lowest step of the Altar. 
It is now in a niche over the pulpit. 

In the Church of Barton St. David (Som.) there is a squint from 
the belfry which commands the Altar. The tower (octagonal from 
its base) is placed in the N.£. corner formed by the Transept and 
the Chancel, and is of the same date as the Chancel. This squint 
could hardly have been used for worship, and was, probably, to 
enable one of the bells (smallest) to be used as a Sanctus bell. 

In churches with a western tower and an open tower arch, so 
commonly the case in Somerset, no such arrangement would be 
needed, and where no trace of a special turret exists it may be 
presumed, I think, that either one of the ordinary bells was used 
for this purpose, or that there was a hand-bell, now lost or sold. 

With regard to the position of the entrance to the rood-loft ; 
in the smaller churches in this neighbourhood it was more com- 
monly than not Nor/h of the Chancel Arch, the stairs being in- 
cluded in an external projection built for that purpose. This pro-^ 
lection I have only once noticed on the Nor/h wall of the Nave. 
In Compton Dundon Church the entrance to the rood-loft is now 
used as the pulpit, a most infelicitous arrangement, especially to 
a stout parson. H.N. will, I think, remember many in his own 
neighbourhood with the entrance to the rood-loft on the Nor/h 
tide of the Chancel Arch. 


ao. As a comment on Mr. Hugh Norris's remarks on this 
subject, let me say there is a very pretty Sanctus Bell-cot in Amp- 
npy Crucis Church, Gloucestershire. It stands outside the roof, 
between Nave and Chancel, and you can see the marks where 
the on«* bell formerly hung. This is a handsome village Church, 
In a Ouciform shape, with the tower containing 5 bells at 
\\\0 West end of the church. It has the rood-loft stairs on the 
Siuith Hide of the Nave, and a very curious old cross in the church- 
yttrd, and an old perpendicular stone pulpit. 

Margaret Bulley, Marston Hill, Fairford* 

Somerset <&• Dorset Notes <&• Queries. 27 

21. Author of "Seaton Beach." (II. xv. 226, xvi. 246.)— 
After the death of Mr. Smith, a lady — not an Unitarian — who had 
greatly befriended him during his last days and long illness, 
erected a good substantial tombstone to his memory (which I re- 
member seeing), in Seaton Chnrchyard. It remained during her 
lifetime, and until she also found her last resting place not far 
from the poet's. Being in the yard again a few years after the 
lad/s decease, I again sought Mr. Smith's memorial, but it had 
disappeared. To enquiries made as to the reason, I was told it 
been removed because the word Reverend had been inscribed on 
the stone, prefixed to the poet's name. 

This circumstance would have been a rather damaging pen- 
dant to B.H.'s letter, whose literary nom-de-plume I recognise. 
And with regard to the charge of inhumanity — for it is little less — 
which he brings against the Colyton Unitarian Congregation at 
the time, as to their treatment of Mr. Smith — I think it should be 
received with caution. 


22. White Sports in Flowering Plants. (I. vi. 261, 
vii. 301.) — If not against rule, I venture to repeat a query which 
was kindly inserted in 5". df D, N, & Q,, vol. I., pt. vi. 

I was struck by a perfect outburst of pure white blooms of 
Red Campion (Robin Hood) in a particular place. I could see 
no peculiarity of soil in the 200 or more yards of hedge-bank which 
these flowers adorned. All that met the eye was that the rabbits 
had honeycombed it with their burrows. Now my query as to this 
white blooming called forth from Mr. Mansel-Pleydell a most in- 
teresting note on the general cause of the etiolation of flowers. 
But, to say truth, I am as puzzled as before to account for the 
setting up of that chemical or pathological action year after year, 
in the same place, to such a large extent, and (to my eye) on the 
same chalk soil which, close by, produces the lovely pink flowers 
according to rule. It was the same this last year, the third year 
of my observation. So I ask : Why ? 

H. J. MouLE, Dorchester. 

23. The Ooser. (II. xvi. 239.)— The note about the Ooser 
calls back old times. In my childhood he was doing service — at 
Christmas mummings, surely it was. Our Cerne Abbas nurse was 
quite up in all relating to the ** Wurser,'* as I should spell it 
phonetically. I did not know of the horns, indeed in our embryo 
Latinity we thought the'Word an attempt at Ursa, if I remember 
rightly. What crowds of odd bits I could note if, alas, I did but 
" remember rightly " all nurse's folk-lore and folk-speeches. Any 
very ancient thing was, by the bye, in her Dorset ** Wull's Ag- 
gem "=Eggardon. 

H. J. MouLii, Dorchester. 

28 Somerset S* Dorset Notes 6» Queries. 

24. I was recently describing the Ooser to Mr. T. J. de 
Mazzinghi, the Secretary of the W. Salt Library, Stafford, when 
he at once showed me a book, the title of which I transcribed 
and now send to S. 6f D. N. 6f Q. It contained a picture, very 
much like the old emblem pictures, of a lady looking into a mirror* 
and in the reflection was a figure with horns looking over her 
shoulder. The horns in this were fixed vertically on the top of 
the head. The title of the book is as follows : — 

" Vite De' Santi e Beati Fiorentini Scritte Dal Dottor Gui- 
seppe Maria Brocchi Protonotario Apostolico Sacerdote e 
Accademico Fiorentino ed Etrusco. 

Parti Seconda. 

" in cui si tratta Di Quei Santie Beati che Hanno ab immem- 
oraBili il Pubblico culto alle loro reliquie ed immagini Quantun- 
que di Essi non Si faccia memoria nil Martirologio Romano e 
non se ne celebri la Festa cu Messo ed Usizio. 

" Aggiuntavi in Fine la Vita Dell* Autore. 

" In Firenze mdcclxi. 

" Nella Stampeira di Gietano 

" Albizzini Con licenza di Superiori." 

e. collbtt. 

25. St. Richard ; and St. Michael's Church, Tarrant 
Keynston. — In Hutchins' History of Dorset, vol. iii., p. 122 (3rd. 
edition, 1868) it is stated that " Robert Rouse, Knt., by will 1383, 
ordered his body to be buried in the abbey then styled Locus 
Ricardi Episcopi \ and, amongst other legacies, gave to the build- 
ing of Sarum Cathedral, £^ ; to St. Paul's Church, London, 50s. ; 
to St. Hugh's at Lincoln, 50s. ; for his funeral expenses, 20s.; to 
the poor, iocs.; to every nun at Tarent Abbey, 4od. ; to every 
sister, 2s. ; to the friars minors at Dorchester, 50s.; an annual rent 
of eight marks to find four priests to celebrate at the altar, near 
the body of St. Richard, in St. Michael's Church in Tarent Kaines ; 
two priests in the Church of St. Mary at Tarent Craford ; two in 
the Church of All Saints at Witchampton, &c., for a year after 
his death, to pray for his soul and the souls of his father and 
mother, a yearly rent of eight marks ; to William English, his 
squire, 20 marks ; to the abbess of Tarent one pair of gold beads, 
with other plate, engraven with his own and his wife's arms." 

Assuming that Hutchins quotes correctly from the will, the 
following questions arise. 

1 . Who is the St, Richard referred to ? 

Sir Robert Rouse distinguishes clearly between the Churches 
of Tarrant Keynston and Tarrant Crawford. 

Bishop Richard Poore was buried at Tarrant Crawford ; and 
this must have been well known in 1383. St. Richard cannot, 
therefore, be a mistake for Beati Ricardi {Poore), 

2. The Church of Tarrant Keynston is dedicated to All Saints. 

Sowunet 6* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 29 

What can be the meaning of " St. MichaeFs Church in 
Tarent Kaines ? " Can it be the dedication of a Chapel in the 
north transept of the parish Church ? St. Michael's Church does 
not appear to have existed in either parish. The Church of 
Tarrant Crawford is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, and the 
dedication of the Abbey is St. Mary and All Saints. 

E. HiGHTON, Rector of Tarrant Keynston. 

a6. Queen Joan of Scotland and Tarrant Crawford. — 
In the Church of Tarrant Crawford a window of later date 
than most of the windows in the Church contains some pieces of 
ancient glass. In the head of each of the three lights of this 
window there is a crown in coloured glass of apparently the same 
age as the rest of the fragments of coloured glass in the window. 
Hutchins states that Joan, daughter of King John, of England, 
and wife of Alexander II, King of Scotland, is buried in the 
Church of the Abbey. Assuming that she is buried under this 
window, to what could the /knee crowns refer ? 

£. HiGHTON, Rector of Tarrant Keynston. 

2j. Holes in a Pig's Foreleg. — ^What is the tradition in 
Somersetshire, with regard to the six little holes on the inside of 
each of the knuckles of a pig's foreleg ? They are spread over 
about the space that a pea might cover. What is their scientific 
name, and the purpose they serve physiologically, and what do they 
correspond to in the larger animals ? In Sussex the tradition with 
regard to them is that they are the marks of the devils fingers, 
( ? claws,) when they entered into the herd of swine. (Vid. Parish's 
Diet, of Sussex Dialed, C. H. Sp.P. 

[The same explanation of these marks is current in Long 
Burton. Editor for Dorset.J 

28. Bedd of Worsted. — Among the Acts of Parliament 
of Richard II., and elsewhere in the Statutes of the Realm, is to 
be found mention of a measure of worsted called a "bedd." Both 
a "bedd of worsted," and "a double bedd of worsted" occur. 
What was this measure ? Dr. Murray omits to mention it. 

I. S. Leadam. 

[The measure, " a bedd of tymbre," occurs in Testamenta 
Vetus/a, II. 454. Editor for Somerset.] 

ag. Tapestry in Somerset. — Last year, while I was 
being conducted over Coombe Abbey, the seat of Lord Craven, 
in Warwickshire, the House-keeper said that certain pieces of 
tapestry were considered by Mr. Christie, (of that firm in London,) 
to be of Somerset manufacture. Is there any ground for this 
statement ? I am the more curious to find out the place of its 
manufacture, as this tapestry very strongly resembled in design 
and colouring some which is now, and so far as I know, has 
always been hung in an old house in Somerset. E.H.B. 

30 Somerset 6» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

30. John Popham. — ^John Popham of Huntworthie, in North 
Pctherton, co. Som. Will dated jany. 35 Eliz: proved 26 Jan.» 
1592. [Taunton Registn'.] To be buried in the church or 
churchyard of N.P., my sonnes Thomas P., Edward P.,and George 
P. ; ** the goodes late of Joane Cotes my daur in lawe;" my 
wife Elizabeth executrix. ' * I appoint Mr. Thomas Popham, Gent. ; 
Mr. Alexander Popham, my brother, and Mr. John Galhampton, 
to be my overseers." 

If this John Popham was son to Edward Popham, Esquire, of 
Huntworth, his father would have mentioned him in his will in all 
probability. Was he brother to Mr. Alexander Popham of Thur- 
loxton, CO. Som. [living there 1588]? An Alexander Popham, 
Gent., was buried at North Petherton the 24 April, 1599. 
Who was Richard Popham, who lived at Thurloxton, 1559, and can 
he be connected with Marmaduke Popham, whose name appears 
as a debtor in Thurloxton wills, under the dates of 1546 and 1549 ? 
Also I should like to have any information concerning •• Alex- 
ander, Sonne of Marmaduke Popham," mentioned in the will of 
Alexander Popham of Huntworth, dated 1555. The testator had 
a brother Marmaduke, and that name was afterwards kept up by the 
Popham family of Thurloxton, but the exact connection between 
this family and the main Huntworth line, I have not been able to 
R. Grosvenor Bartlett, Whitechurch Vicarage, Charmouth. 

31. George and John Pbnne. — Can anyone say on what 
authority Hutchins, in his History of Dorset^ states that George 
Penne, of Toller Whelme, was a Brigadier-General at the Battle 
of the Boyne in the army of James II., and also if anything more 
is known about him than Hutchins mentions ? Also I should be 
glad to know of what family was the Johh Penne who signed the 
death warrant of Charles I., his arms being a fess with two plates 
instead of three as usual. 

James A. Penny. 

3a. Sir Richard Fry.— In the Pedigree of Mansel of 
Smedmore, given in Hutchins (3rd. edition) vol. i. p. 575, Robert 
Mansel (8th in descent from Philip, who is stated to have come in 
•* with the Conqueror'*) is said to have married Dorothy, daughter 
of Sir Richard Fry. The date would appear to be early in the 
14th. Century. Is it known who this Sir Richard Fry was, who 
were his parents, and where he resided ? 

Geo. S. Fry, Caedmon, Albert Road, Walthamstow. 

33. Matthew Prior— Where was he Born ?— I shall 
ho glad to know if the question of Matthew Prior's birth-place may 
hr sdid to be settled ? I am acquainted with the references to the 
nuhicH t in the parent Notes and Queries, in Hutchins' 3rd. edition, 
rtiul in Longman's Magazine for October, 1884. 

Somerset <S» Dorset Notes <5» Queries. 31 

The admifision of a (modem) commemorative tablet within 
the walls of the Minster at Wimbome would seem to show that 
the authorities look favourably on the local belief that Prior was 
born in or near that town. 

The confusing statements in the Cambridge registers may 
perhaps be attributed to the fact that the poet spent some years of 
his childhood in London, and hence he may have wrongly described 
himself as being a native of Middlesex. 

Henry Stmonds. 

34. Shbrwood, — Will correspondents favour me with any 
particulars of persons bearing this surname, for genealogical pur- 
poses ? Notes of marriages of members of the family would be 
especially welcomed. I will most gladly, in exchange, refer to a 
collection of indexed notes and pedigrees in my possession for any 
name in which they may be interested. Please reply direct. 

Geo. F. Tudor Sherwood, Petersham House, 

Walham Green, London, S.W. 

[Mary Sherwood, sister to Warberow Hoby, buried at 
Winterbome Zelston, 21 Nov., 1614. Editor for Dorset.] 

35. Monuments in South Petherton Church. {Con- 
/inued from II, xv. 232.) — In the same North Transept, against 
the eastern wall, and immediately facing the large Ayshe monu- 
ment, is a handsome mural tablet, chiefly of white marble, sur- 
mounted by three escutcheons, thus : 

Dexier. Centre, Sinister, 

Ayshe, impaling ist. and4th. &z. ist. and 4th.y 

arg,^ 2 bars in fess, a horse prancing Ayshe. 2nd. and 

gu. (Martin.) arg. attired or (Ca- 3rd. arg, a chevron 

BELL.) 2nd. and gu, charged with 3 

3rd., arg, 2 chev- leopard's faces or, 

rons sa, (Ayshe.) (Weston.) 
Crest, a demi- 
horse arg. 
Beneath are the following wordy inscriptions : 

<' Hie teme dltioris secanis Incola seniles deponi Tolnit | exitvias SAMUEL 
Cabell armi. e Comitata Deroniensi | in hoc loliim jam magisnatale, trans- 
latns qui vitae satur | vivere desijt senez dicendus non tarn quod diu vixit quam 
I quod bene; vir probus et e^ui servantissimns, et vitiet | Epitaphio dignos 
longiori sed parcendum cinen modesto, | haec tantum, ne lateat quis hie hu- 
matus quiescat, defuncti | posuit memoriae supentes uxor. 
*« Obijt Mar. 31, Ano Doni 1699. iEtat : 75." 

"PropeDormit Elizabetha, GuL. Ayshe, Ann. et KsxvM filia, | uxor 
Dilectissima Que adU nuptiis R. Fownes de Stapleton | in a^o Don: Ann. 
I ubi sepultus jacet J viro Prisca fide. | amore etiam fiiit conjunctisgima Im- 
proles egenas pro | liberis habuit, pro Fratribus Vidnos : Dives aliis sibi 
soli I Pauper, Obiit 21 Aug. 1724. Sorori bis viduae, viduiutis | Indivisa 
consors, et solamen pennansit superstes soror. | " 

3a Somerset &» Dorset Notes &» Queries. 

** Donnit hie etiam pladdA qui vixit qniete Anna Atshb, | Guublmi 
Atshb, et amans et placens uxor^ conjuei etiam | pott obitum fiddis, per- 
petuam colens viduitatem | Faemina nee ladle tacenda, nee laudanda, £lo£ia 
omni I dignissima, sed et superior. Vixit et vivet, indelibiU memoriA, | sifai 
non minus quamMaritosuperstes. Obijt Jul. 5 Anno | Dom: z696^tat: 72." 

'"Juxtareponuntur Reliquiae desideratissimi jACOBi Atshs | GULlSLia 
et AsVAL Fflij, quern morte heu nimis prsematura invida | (dicam vel avida?) 
n^uerunt fata. Obijt Oet. 24. Ann. Dom. 1681 : .£tat : 24. | " 

Against the north wall of the same transept, almost concealed 
by the seats for school-children, there exists a large blue stone 
slab, (the ledger of an altar tomb which once stood close by) with 
the following inscription, underneath a finely carved escutcheon 

Or, a fess dancett6 between 3 crosses crosslet fitch6, gu., 
with a crescent in chief for cadency, (Sandys) impaling, erm., on 
a bend cotised sa., 3 boars' heads couped, or. (Bowbrman.) 
Cresf, a griffin segreant gu. 

*<In hoe sareophago reconduntur exuviae Emanuelis Sandys | viri [abdt In- 
▼idia] propter propria merita & long» | Prosapiae insignia elarissimL | Qui 
post varios easus & rer* discrimina morte exutus 6c \ Gloria Indutus xxv^ 
Maij An** Salutis M.D.CLV. | Numerosam Genuit Prolem: seilieet ex primi 
con ( ) I Deeem : ex seeundis Nuptiis septem suf ( HjuiUielm Filius seeund : 
Hoe exile monumentum— Beatissmiae Memorise Pij Parentis et Parent ( )." 

Prosopopaeia Defimeti ad A^atores. 

« Vixi ut vivis : Fug. Brevi Morieri 6c ut sum Mortuus. et | Recordare 
longa fore Tempora Tenebra ( ).*' 

(N.B. The lettering has scaled ofif in the blank spaces.) 

Immediately above this slab, on a small ornamental shield of 
white marble, we find 

** Prope I sepiiltum est eorpus | Johis Sandys Ar : | Juris consultus | 
Lactam expectans | Resurreetionem. | Obijt 27** die Novem : | Anno Dni 

1697. I ^atis suae 42. | " 

Underneath are the Sandys arms without impalement. 

The Ayshes (variously spelt de Esse, Esse, Aysshe, and Ashe), 
were an old Devonshire family seised of themanorofSowton near 
Exeter, in the reign of Edw. II. Our first James Esse was the 
third and youngest son of Nicholas Ayshe of Slowcombe ( Vis. 
Devon, 1564, p. 70» ^^^ of Clyst Formyson in the same county. 
{Burke, Exitnci Baronetcies), 

James Ayshe's elder son John, of Westcombe, was, as already 
mentioned, the direct ancestor of the Ashes of Freshford, near 
Bath, who played such an important part in Somerset during the 
Ciyil^dLX (Somerset Arch. Soc, vol. xiv., part ii., p. 43); one of 
that family, John, having been a member of the Long Parliament, 
whilst his brother Joseph was created a Baronet by Charles II., 
in consideration of his services to the Crown. {Burke, Ext. Bar. 
p. 16). 

Som$fS€t ^ Dofut NoUs S» Qum$s, 33 

From James Ayshe's second son William, was descended the 
S. Petherton family. ( Vis. Som. 1623.) The last Ayshe connected 
with this place was Mary, daughter of William Ayshe the royalist, 
who was married to James Prowse of Norton Fitzwarren near 
Tamiton. She is the SupersUs Soror of Elizabeth Fownes, whose 
monument has been described above. She died in January, 1736-7, 
and her will appears in Brown's Somersetshire mils, 5th series, 
pp. 102-3; by thisthe large manor of Hele in South Petherton passed 
to her kinsman the Rev. Thomas Bowyer, Vicar of MartocK, who 
married a daughter of that famous divine, John Norris of Bemerton 
near Salisbury. He however was, I believe, obliged to part with 
this manor in order to satisfy his benefactress's numerous legatees. 
Lysons, in his Devonshire volume, says of this family : " They take 
their name from the manor of Ash in the parish of Musbury, near 
Azminster, which they possessed by gift of the Courtenays " ; but 
this statement seems to have received no corroboration from 
any other source, and may be altogether doubted. 

A3rshe entries in South Petherton Registers. 


1576. Apr. 29, Joanna f. Jacobi Ayshe, gener. 

1582. Maij 23, Jacobus f. Jacobi Ayshe, gener. 

1597. ffeb. 6, Jacobus f. Gulielrai Ayshe, gener. 

1606. Oct. 12, Anna f. Roberti Pollard, gener sed nata fuit tertio 

1620. Sept. 22, Wilhelmus f. M^* Jacobi Ashe, gener. 
1622/3. Jan. 22, Wilmouta f. Jacobi Ayssh, gen. 

1625. Apr. I, Hanna f. Jacobi Aysshe, gener. 


1588. Jun. 14, Jacobus f. Jacobi Ayshe, generosi. 

1589. Apr. 4, Joanna f. Jacobi Ayshe, gener. 
1602. Aug. 29, Thomas f. Jacobi Ayshe, generosi. 

1626. Maij 6, Jacobus Aysshe, gener. 

1643. Sept. 15, Wilmouta f. M'* Elizabethae Aysshe. 
1 67 1/2. Mart. 4, Cornelius Weston, generosus. 
1677. ^^^J ^^> Magistra Elizabetha Aysh, vidua. 
1 68 1. Nov. 2, Jacobus Aysh, armiger. 
1696. Julij 14, Magistra Anna Aysh, vidua. 
1699. Apr. 3, Samuel Cable, armiger. 
1724. Aug. 28, Domina Elizabetha Fownes, vidua. 
1736/7. Jan. 28, Domina Maria Prowse, vidua. 
1748/9. Jan. 6, Domina Elizabetha Norris, vidua. 


1605. Aug. t8, Robertus Pollard de Aller infra par. de South 
Molton in Com. Devon., generosus, et Joanna Ayshe matri- 
monio conjugantur. 

34 Somerset S» Dorset Notes <S* Queries. 

1 683. Oct. 3 1 , Samuel Cable de Bucksforleigh in Com. de Devon., 

anniger, Magistram Elizabetham Aysh, in ux. d. 
1690. Dec. 4, Jacobus Prowse de Norton, Armiger, Dominam 

Mariam Aysh, in ux. d. 
1693. Dec. 9, Cholmelatitts Doyly de Chislehampton, in Com. 

Devon., Armiger, Dominam Elizabetham Cable de Brooke, in 

Com. Devon., in ux. d. 
1702. Sep. 10, Gilbertus Kymer de Buckland Mary, generosus, 

Magistram Rosam fifoundes de Stapleton, in Com. Dorset., in 

ux. d. 

In Brown's Somerset Wills (5th series, p. 101), a few wills of 
Wm. Aysh and his connexions are given ; the writer has abstracts 
of several older Ayshe wills, kindly furnished by his late friend 
Mr. Brown, which, unfortunately, do not appear in the above. 

{To be conlinued.) 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

36. Thomas Paramorb. (II. xii. 119.)— The following 
may be interesting to W. D. Pink, as being entries in the oldest 
of my parish registers at Shangton (otherwise Shankton), co. 
Leicester. The register begins 1580. 

1 588. *'Richard Paramoore the sonne of Richard Paramoore 
esquier was baptized the xxvth day of May Anno dmi. 1588." 

1 590. 'Thomas Parramoore the sonne of Richard Paramoore 
esquire was baptized the ixth day of May Anno supradicto." 

I should be glad to know the history of these Paramores, 
and how they came to Shangton. The lordship of Shangton was 
in the possession of Sir Matthew Saunders, Knight, (d. 1623) and 
was sold by Francis his son to my ancestor. Sir John Isham, Bart., 
on April 15, 1637. 

H. IsHAM LoNQDBN, M.A., Shaugtou Rectory, Leicester. 

37. Food Rents. — Can any of your readers say if instances 
exist at the present time of rent being paid in kind, that is, in 
food, as bread or meat ? I believe they were called /ood-ren/s. 

The suggestion came from an Oxford don and lecturer, who 
fancied such occurred in this part of the country. 

G. W. Floyer, StaflFord, Dorchester. 

38. LiNBS Wantbd. — Can anyone fill up the blank for me 
in the following old rhyme ? The lines may be new to some of 
your readers ; thev were written about the year 1850, and probably 
appeared in Punch at that time. I only heard them repeated, and 

Somersit 6- Dorut Notes S» Querus. 35 

attributed to Tom Hood the younger, son of Tom Hood, who 
"sang the song of the shirt." 
Thus they ran : 

Oh ! what a Tcry pretty stir, 
They're making down at Exeter, 

Abont the surplice lietshion, 
And • 

And much unseemly passion. 
For me, I neither know nor care, 
Whether a parson choose to wear, 

A black dress or a white dress, 
Plagued with a trouble of my own 
A wife that preaches in her gown. 

And lectures in her night-dress. 


39. Extract from East Cokbr Register. — In the old 
Register of this Parish, under date A.D. 1645, is the following 
entry : 

" Memorandum that in Anno Domini 1645, i" the Parish of 
East Coker, from the eighth day of June until the tenth day of 
September, there died and were interred in the contagious Sick- 
ness, Plague and Pestilence, three-score and ten persons — and so 
it pleased the Almighty, suddenly, beyond all Men's Expectation, 
to put an end to this fearful Visitation — for which extraordinary 
Favour we ascribe all Laud and Praise unto his sacred Name, in 
the Words of the Prophet David — Psalm the 11 6th, Verses nth, 
13th, and 14th. — ^What shall we render unto the Lord for all his 
Benefits towards us ? We will take the Cup of Salvation, and call 
upon the Name of the Lord. We will pay our Vows unto the 
Lord, even now in the Presence of all his People." 

Many would like to know whether there are any other records 
in the neighbourhood of such a visitation about the same time. 

Under the same date (1645) Clarendon writes: "The sickness 
which infested Bristol, which was thought to be the Plague, had 
made it necessary for the Prince of Wales to remove from thence." 
The Prince left Bristol before the news of the Battle of Naseby 
(fought on the 14th of June) reached the West. 

Charles Powell. 

40. Autobiography op Bishop Richard Kidder. — In 
the Rev. S. H. Cassan's Lives of the Bishops of Bath and Weiis, was 
published for the first time an autobiography of Bishop Kidder. 
Mr. Cassan says of it : *' The Manuscript, one of undoubted au- 
thority, exists, in original, at Wells, and is suflScient, in point of 
bulk, though not in general interest, to form a respectable volume; 
in the present article, much irrelevant matter relative to various^ 

•Two lines wanting. 

36 Smdrset ^ Ddfset N^Us 6- Queries, 

now uninteresting, disputes, with his clergy, candidates for orders, 
&c. ; and many other matters are omitted, and the whole has been 
considerably abridged." Is this MS. still in existence at Wells, 
and in whose keeping is it now ? Mr. Cassan thought that his 
omissions were judicious and contained only uninteresting matter. 
But he says enough to show that these disputes were of consider- 
able local interest. He mentions a dispute about non-residence 
in 1694 with Mr. Daniel Ballowe, Clerk and Minister of Crew- 
kerne ; another with Mr. Edwin Sandys, Archdeacon of Wells, 
who refused to recognise him as Bishop, in consequence of his 
having accepted the See after Bishop Ken's deprivation. And 
enough is shown in Mr. Cassan's notes to show that many other 
omissions were of equal local interest, such as might fitly grace 
the pages of .S*. df D, N. df Q, I would ask, therefore, whether 
any of your subscribers living at or near Wells could get a sight 
of tliis MS. and make a selection of the parts which Mr. Cassan 
omitted. We sadly want a Society, like the Surtees Society 
in the County of Durham, to publish in full this and similar MSS. 

C. W. Penny, Wokingham, Berks. 

41. CoTTBLL Family. — I shall be glad of more information 
of the Edward Cottell, whose name appears in the following. I 
should also like to know when the manors of Charlton, Chewton 
Keynsham, and the Rectory and Church of North Petherton, 
passed into other, and whose hands. This Edward Cottell was 
the son of Robert Cottell, **of the Ancient Family" of that name, 
of the Co. of Devon, and brother of William Cottell of Dunster. 
He is believed to have died intestate and without issue, at his 
house, St. John's, Clerkenwell, before 1615. He was living in 
1 612, wife named Agnes, but she may have been a second wife. 
Was he an Attorney ? Did he reside at Radstock ?. 

A.D. 1590. Originalia, 32 Elizabeth, part 7, R.56. 

Somerset. Long recital of Sundry Letters Patent. Then 
in consideration of ^1,773 28. id., paid at the receipt of the 
Exchequer, by James Clarke, Edward Cottell, and Richard 
Locksmjrth, gentlemen, the Queen grants to them, their heirs 
and assigns, the reversion of the manors of Charlton (doubtless 
Queen Charlton,) and Chewton and the Rectory of North 
Petherton, and all rents reserved in aforesaid Letters Patent. 
And further grants to the said James Clarke, Edward Cottell and 
Richard Locksmyth, the manor of Charleton, the manor of 
Chewton Keynsham, the Rectory and Church of North Petherton, 
tenements in the Borough of Wellington, &c. To have, hold, 
and enjoy the said Manors, Rectory, &c., to the sole and proper 
use and behoof of the said James, Edward, and Richard ; their 
heirs and assigns for ever. To hold the Manors of Charlton, 
Chewton, and Rectory of North Petherton, &c., of the Queen, 

Som$rs$t 6« D^sti Nates 6* Qumes. 37 

her heirs ^and "BUcceittsdrB, as of the Honor of Hampton Court» 
by service of the 20th part of one Knight's Fee. 
Dated at Westminster, i6th July, 1590. 

W. H. CoTTKLL, Yeoimbridge, Wood Vale, London, S.E. 

42. — Dorset Sbssions and Assizes, 1614 — 1638. (I.v. 
^35» vii. 304, n. ix. 41, xiii. 154.) — The following are some 
farther extracts from MS. written on blank pages in an old edition 
of the *• Countrey Justice,^' in the possession of Mr. T. H. Baker, 
of Mere Down, Wilts. 

Db Recor' in Blandford Session, Anno 4®. Caroli R*s. 

It being by Mr. Kinge of Councell wth the Towne of 
Sherborne at this present Sessions desired that the following 
order made by his Ma*y«« Justices of Assises and Goale deliuerye 
at the last generall Assises held at Dorchester might be by order 
of this Sessions confirmed w«^ order followeth in these words, viz : 
Uppon the motion of M'- Kinge being of Councell w**» the 
inhabitants of the Towne of Sherborne in the aforesaid County 
of Dorset Touchinge the sale of the house of Correction at 
Sherborne aforesaid in the presence of the Justices of the peace 
and the Gentlemen of the grand Jury of the same County and w** 
there consent after long and serious debate of the premisses on 
all sides. It is ordered by the Courte that the said house of 
Correction scituate in Sherborne aforesaid shalbe a house of 
Correction for the proper use of the said Towne. And that the 
same shalbe reserved as the house of the Countye and not to be 
sold according to the resolution of the aforesaid Justices of the 
peace formerly concluded upon. And in regard it is resolued 
and agreed there shalbe no yearely pencon allowed to the 
maintenance of the said house, nor to the keeper therof. It is 
intended that as hereafter theie shalbe a sufficient stocke in the 
treasury of the County that then the said Justices of peace to the 
number often at the least w^h the consent of the grand Jury shall 
take into there consideracon what stocke shalbe fittmg to be 
allowed to the inhabitants of Sherborne aforesaid to remaine 
upon there security for the setting to work of such persons as 
shalbe kept and imployed in the said house. And for the present 
repaire of the said house it is further ordered that there shall 
be ten pounds deliuered out of the treasury of the County. And 
that afterwards the Inhabitants of the said Towne shall keep the 
same in sufficient repacons at there owne proper charges. And 
this is agreed unto by the consent of some of the sufficient 
inhabitants of the same Towne p'sent in Courte. It is by this 
Courte thought fitt and ordered that the said order be ratifyed and 
confirmed in all points as is desired. 

P. Cur. Extur. p. ffrancum Gape, depu. clicum pac's 
Com. pdc'. 

40. Somerset S* Dorut Notes &» Queries. 

48. Stalbridge Cross. — ^The following: extract is taken 
from a copy of the Salisbury Journal oi 29 Feb., 1768, to which it 
was communicated by Charles Willis (nephew of Browne Willis) the 
Antiquary, as having been found among his Uncle's papers. C. 
Willis states that it was taken from " Durotrij^ana sive veramira- 
culorum medulla, studio R [ogeri] F [itz] P [oinings] Mercatoris, 
1534," quoted in Baker's Chronicle, but I have been unable lo 
verify the quotation and can see no trace of it in Baker. 

I shall be glad to hear if some reader of S, df D. N. 6f Q. 
can track it to its source. The extract is as follows : — 

*• Galfridius de Mervin, Knighte of Malta, was sorely rent and 
torn with dolourous wounds in the victorious attack, whiche this 
righte valianle champion, and likewyse his Bretheme made upon 
the bloodie Saracens in the yeare 1309. Albeit when his Fryndes 
had banished from their brestes all esperaunce of his recoverie. 
Saint John, the tutelarie Sainte of the order, appeared unto 
him at his Beade side, and with a Phyale of most miraculous 
Unction did forthwith anoynte, and cure his blessures. To 
make a mete return thereunte, he was ordered to erect a pillar, 
which was to be remouved into the severalle countryes where he 
might in future tymes set his mynde to lyve : and also to remajme 
there during his stay. The Saint likewise delivered a behest that 
an Inscription should be devised and graven on the sayde Pillar. 
He then prophecyede that the Knightes of Malta should possess 
Rhodes without interrupshon until the Tyme should come when 
the sayde Inscripshon should be suddaynlie oblyterated. With these 
wordes the holie Man vanyshed. Galfridius de Mervin, succeed- 
ing to riche desmesnes in Englande, passed over into that 
Kingdom, and tooke the Pillar with him. His Sister Elfrida 
was there given in marriage to One of the Righte Noble and 
aunciente Famylie of Audley, Lordes of the Manour of Stalle- 
brigge : In this Towne Galfridius erected the sayde Pillar. It 
was the work of the famous Artist, Pietro di Colonna, the Discjrple 
of Pazzino. The Emblemes and rare devices pourtrayed upon the 
Pillar, are Saint John; a Lion treadynge upon a Crescent; 
Wrythes of Laurele, a Chevalieresse, or Female Hospitaler ; ande 
the Armoryalle Standard of Malta ; to wit ; a white Crosse in a 
Field Argent, In the Begyunynge of the year 1522, ande in the 
Reig^e of Henry the eighth, the Inscripshon became suddaynlie 
effaced ; and incontinently, Newes was broughte that through the 
Treacherie of the Chancellour of the order, Rhodes was taken by 
Solomon the Magnificent. The Inscription 




P: L: M:" 

Mr. Willis asked for assistance in reading this inscription ; 
and so do L X.Y.Z. 


Somerset 6* Dorset Notes £• Queries. 41 

49. St. Eligius. — St. Eligius, Eloi, Alo, or Loye, Bishop 
and Confessor, is commemorated on December i. He is the 
Patron Saint of goldsmiths and blacksmiths, and was bom at 
Chatelat near Limoges, and was placed early with a goldsmith 
named Ahbo, master of the mint there. He iiext went to Paris, 
where the King, Clothair II, wanted a seat or throne made of 
precious metal ; he confided the task to Eligius, who made 
two seats out of the material supplied to him. He founded a 
Monastery at Solignac in Limousin, on an estate given to him by 
Dagobert, the son and successor of Clothair. He was consecrated 
to the see of Noyon, May 14, 640 ; and died Dec. i, 659.* 

The illustration which forms the frontispiece of our present 
number is taken from a sculptured tablet which is built in over 
the door of Durweston Church, near Blandford. In the Collections 
of the Society of Antiquaries there is a cast of this tablet, and by 
the kindness of Mr. W. H. St. John Hope, we are enabled to 
give his description of this very interesting sculpture. 

" In the centre is the square hood of the forge on which is 
carved or hung a large pair of tongs. On the dexter side is St. 
Eloy busily engaged in fixing a shoe on to the horse*s leg, which 
he holds in his hand. On the sinister stands the refractory horse 
{minus the leg which the Bishop has), and behind him is his rider. 
The bottom of the panel has a border of horseshoes." 

During the restoration of Wincanton Church about four years 
ago, a similar piece of sculpture (the size being about two feet 
square) representing St. Eligius was found buried in one of the 
walls ; it is terribly mutilated and defaced but enough remains 
to shew that it was a very spirited piece of work. It may still be 
seen in Wincanton Church. 

Besides the figures mentioned above, the Wincanton panel 
gives a third figure who is kneeling before the Bishop. Mr. W. 
H. St. John Hope writes with reference to this group ** The Winr 
canton panel shews the square hooded forge with tongs and 
stirrup (?) on the hood. There is also the three-legged horse and 
his rider, and the blacksmith-bishop shoeing the detached leg. 
The kneeling figure is probably that of the giver of the tablet to 
the Church, and may be the village blacksmith. Another of these 
tablets, of alabaster and painted, is at Freckenham Church, Suffolk. 
It is engraved in Gen/, Mag. (1777), xlvii., 416." He adds that 
there is a fine image of St. Eloy as a Bishop, in a cope, holding a 
horseshoe, in Henry VII.'s Chapel at Westminster. 

St. Eligius is also represented on the Rood-screen of Hemp- 
stead Chtirch, near Norwich. 

A short account of the Wincanton relief, by the late Rev. J. 
A. Bennett, will be found in the 33rd. volume of the Proceedings 
of the Somerset Archaeological Society, Part ii., p. 165 (1887). 

*See Baring-Gould's Lipa of iht Saints. 
PART rVIII. JUNB, 1892. ' C 

42 Somerset <5» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Mr. Baring-Gould in his Lives of the Saints concludes a notice 
of St. Eligius with these words " In art he is erroneously repre- 
sented as a farrier with a horse*s leg in his hand, the story going 
that as he was one day shoeing a horse, the animal proved restive, 
so he took the leg off, shod it and put it on again, without evil 

F. W. Weaver. 

50. Discovery of a British Village near Glaston- 
bury. — About a mile from Glastonbury in the low moor land, at 
one time a peat morass, but now reclaimed and covered with a 
foot or more of soil, is a field of eight acres in which are between 
sixty and seventy low circular mounds, varying from twenty to forty 
feet in diameter ; the highest at the centre is little more than 
three feet above the surrounding land. These mounds are 
formed of from two to five layers of clay, resting on a stratum of 
timber and brushwood placed on the peat ; the surface of each 
layer of clay shows that it was hardened by fire before the next 
was added, so as to give a firm foundation. Two mounds have 
been partially opened, in the centre at the top of one were two 
rough circular paved hearths, four feet in diameter, placed one 
above the other and six inches apart ; and at a radius of twelve 
feet from this centre, a ring of stone slabs at irregular intervals. 
The second mound had no paved hearth or slab ring, but for 
both were substituted some small rubbly stone. Near the mounds 
in or immediately above the peat were remains of the dwellings, 
comprising roughly hewn planks of oak, with large mortice 
holes in the middle of each, and piles, and pieces of clay bearing 
marks of wattle work, probably burnt when the dwellings were 
destroyed by fire. One of the piles dug out of the peat was 
nearly six feet long, and six inches in diameter, being very rudely 
cut. In the few trenches made, a quantity of very coarse dark 
pottery was unearthed ; this, with the exception of a few frag- 
ments, was not wheel made. One pan, dug out in numerous 
pieces, has been put together and is nearly complete, measuring 
twelve inches across at the rim and also in height ; a few frag- 
ments of pottery show an incised pattern. 

Among other things found were a jet ring, a clay bead, pieces 
of spinning whorls, and of querns, circular disc and other stone 
rubbers or implements, a quantity of bones of domestic animals, 
including cow, pig, sheep, horse, and dog, and also bits of stag 
horn ; a few pieces and flakes of flint and chert were also found, 
but no weapons, or metal of any kind, or human bones. There 
can be little doubt from its situation, that it was the site of a 
British village of marsh or lake dwellings ; its date is not easily 
arrived at, as no trace of metal has been brought to light, but it 
is quite certain, from the presence of the fragments of wheel 
made pottery, that it was subsequent to either of the stone ages. 

Scmtnti S» D^mt NUis 6* Qmiriis. 43 

The recent excavadoiis have been filled in, but steps are being 
taken to carry ont a thoroagh and systematic examination of a 
portion of the field, from which more satisfactory evidences of 
age will probably be obtained. 

A&THnt BuLLKiD* Glastonbmy. 

51. Dedications of Somerset Churches. (III. zriL 
5). — Perhaps some of the differences in dedications of churches, 
to which Mr. Weaver has drawn attention, may be doe to the 
ancient practice of dedicating altars in several names. Sometimes 
one name might be used, sometimes another. And so it may 
well happen that the name used in the old will, may differ at 
times from the name which has been retained in general use as 
that of the church. 

For instance, in the Wells Cathedral MSS. (as printed by 
Mr. Bennett and Mr. Reynolds), will be found references to the 
following altars within the church : 

S. Katherine. 

S. Katherine A: other Virgins. 

S. Katherine, S. Mary Magdalene, & S. Margaret. 

SS. Mary Magdalene, Katherine, & Margaret. 

S. Mary Magdalene, B. Katherine, Margaret & Cecilia. 

B. Mary Magdalene, & S. Margaret. 

S. Mary Magdalene. 
The first four of these titles occur in connection with the 
tombs of Drokensford and Gunthorp, and these undoubtedly refer 
to the altar in the S.£. transept, between the tombs in question. 
The remaining three occur without any indication of position, but 
the gradation from S. Katherine to S. Mary Magdalene is so 
complete, that it is difficult to resist the conclusion that both 
refer to the same altar. On the other hand, it is true that the 
altar of S. Mary Magdalene is of older date than the portion of 
the building in which I locate it, and it is quite possible that it 
may have retained an independent existence to the end. 

Again there was a chapel connected with S. Cuthbert's 
(apparently the chapel in Bubwith's Hospital) which was known 
under each of these three names : 

S. Saviour, B. V. Mary, & All Saints. 

S. Mary, & All Saints. 

Our Saviour & All Saints. 
The late Rector of South Cadbury had an idea that the 
dedication of his church to S. Thomas of Canterbury, might 
possibly be accounted for b^ supposing that the side altar (near 
which he discovered a painting of a bishop) had been so 
dedicated, and that the services at the altar of this popular saint 
were of such importance that the church came to be currently 
known by his name. 

44 Somsrset &» Dorset Notes £• Queries. 

It is clear that where a church is known by the name of 8. 
Thomas or other late saint, there must have been (in the majority 
of cases) either some such usurpation or re-dedication. 

Mr. Kerslake argues in 5. Richard the King^ that changes of 
name were common in early times, owing to Saxon dissatisfaction 
with Keltic dedications, and that Somerset has thus lost many of 
the quaint dedications which are still preserved in Devon and 
Cornwall. He adduces such names as Congresbury, and 
Pucklechurch (co. Gloucester),and assumes that the dedications of 
these churches have been changed to S. Andrew from S. Congar, 
and to S. Thomas from S. Pulcher. S. Andrew, All Saints and 
S. Mary, he regards as the principal usurpers. And he implies 
that when a Lady chapel was added, the name of S. Mary was 
imported into the title of the church, and was naturally prefixed- 
to the names of the older saints (except in such cases as S. 
Saviour), so that when these were not wanted as distinctive, 
''S. Mary,*' the first name, was caught up into usage. This, it will 
be noticed, is a similar suggestion to that made by Mr. Bennett 
in regard to South Cadbury. But is there any direct evidence in 
favour of this theory ? 

In Reg. Drok. Meare Church is dedicated in honour of 
B.V.M., All Saints, and especially S. Benignus, Confessor, but 
according to the Diocesan Kalendar it is now known simply as 
S. Mary's. This appears to be an instance of the first name only 
being remembered, but the church may have been re-dedicated 
after rebuilding under Abbats Selwood and Beere. 

Edmund Buckle. 

[I have found one Church in Somerset in which the High 
Altar was not dedicated to the Patron Saint. 

It occurs in Testamenta Vetusta, II., 438, in the Will of 
John Cooper, of Beckinc^on (1498). 

** My body to be buried before the nigh altar of St. John the Baptist, in 
the church of St. Gregory of Beckynton.'' 

In a will dated 1556, 1 find "the churchyard of St. Bennynge 
in the parish of Meare." 

Editor for Somerset.] 

52. Mr. Weaver is doing a useful work in correcting the 
dedications of churches in Somersetshire. Would that some one 
would do the like for Dorset, where many churches, of which the 
dedications were unknown a few years ago, are now reputed upon 
very insufficient evidence to be dedicated to various saints. 

The true dedications can be surely recovered from ancient 
wills, but I suppose care has to be taken that the dedications of 
Chantries and subsidiary altars are not confounded with that of 
the parish church. 

With regard to the churches mentioned by Mr. Weaver, of 

Sonurui S» Dorset Notes &* Queries. 45 

which the dedications are unknown, id it not a fact that some 
parish churches were never dedicated ? 

Would St. Geld stand for Gildas, conf. et er., observed on 
Feb. agth ? 

W. MiLBS Barnbs. 
[I have found another Street Will, which proves that Si, Geld 
is the same as St. Gyles. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

53. St. Birinus and the Wbssbz Bishopric. (II. xL 
85, xii. 110, III, xiii. 144, xiv. 171, 172, xv. 231, xvi. 243, 244, 
III. xvii. 3, 4.) — If W.B.W. had made it as clear at first as he 
docs now, that the passage he quoted from Theodore's *^Decreta** 
was his authority for the statement that Theodore ignored Wini't 
Episcopate, I should have commented upon it, and at the same 
time have saved myself the trouble of writing irrelevant matter, 
and the editors the space occupied in printing it. It was not 
wise to try and imagine what led W.B.W. to make the assertion 
and to reply accordingly, but I should have wasted six months in 
asking for evidence. 

The fragment he quotes is entirely in favour of the claims of 
Dorchester (Dorset.) 

What happened in the matter of the transfer of the see to 
Winchester should be clear enough to anyone who will accept 
Bede as a guide, and will put a straightforward common sense 
interpretation, in harmony with him, upon all passages found 
elsewhere bearing on the subject. The mystery which has sur- 
rounded the question is probably due to the unnecessary 
confusion there has been between the two transfers from Dor- 
chester ; the transfer of half the kingdom to the new see of 
Winchester, and the transfer of the second half with the see 
itself under Hedda. What seems to have taken place is briefly 
as follows : — Birinus settled at Dorchester, where he converted 
the king and nation of the West Saxons ; he was succeeded by 
Af^lbert, in whose time Wessex was divided into two dioceses, 
the second see being settled at Winchester with Wini as Bishop; 
there were then two sees, Dorchester and Winchester, with a 
Bishop at each. Shortly afterwards Agilbert left, but the see 
remained ; there is nothing to show that the two sees were re- 
united — the inferences are all the other way — though Wini may 
have administered both dioceses from Winchester after Agilbert's 
departure. Four or five years elapsed and Wini left, and both 
sees were vacant for some years. In 670 Eleutherius was ordained 
Bishop of the West Saxons, and possibly from the difficulty of 
finding Bishops, which Bede notes, ^leutherius administered 
both dioceses, as the Bishop of Gloac«^ster and Bristol adminis- 
ters two dioceses now, and Eleutherius would properly be 
described as the Bishop of Winchester and Dorchester; solus 

46 Somerset <5» Dorset Notes 6- Queries, 

. .gesss/ is Bede*s description of his administration. The removal 
of the original see of Dorchester to Sherborne was already 
decided on, for we find the king one year after the consecration 
of Eleutherias endowing the see of Sherborne. This intention 
of the king was not at that time carried into effect, for the king 
died in the following year and civil war and disorder ensued, 
but the transfer, though delayed, only waited a convenient 
opportunity ; it was not lost sight of, for we find Hedda, who 
succeeded Eleutherius in 676 in the administration of the two 
dioceses, reuniting them, and making the removal of the 
see of Dorchester complete by the transfer of the relics of 
Birinus from thence to the Confessio of the basilica of S. Peter's 
at Winchester, then appealing to the Archbishop not to allow the 
division of the diocese to be made in his time*. His appeal 
was granted, and it was not until his death that the diocese of 
Sherborne was formed. 

The fragment of the Decnta contains another strong argument 
on the Dorchester (Dorset) side. Birinus is said to have ruled 
and to have been buried in Dorkecestria, and Dorkecestria is 
given by the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in a work 
recently published as a distinguishing name (with Dorkcestria, 
Dorcestria, and Domsetta) for Dorchester (Dorset) ; whilst 
Dorchester (Oxon) is said to be known in historical MSS. under 
the names of Dorcinia and Dorcinni Civitas. Now, if this is 
the case, it puts an end at once to the claims of Dorchester 
(Oxon), for the Dorcic mentioned in Bede is Dorkicestria 
abbreviated, with the sign of abbreviation omitted, as it might 
have been by any transcriber. That abbreviations were used in 
Saxon times similar to those in use at a later date is probably 
known. On endeavouring to trace for another purpose the origin 
of the symbols of abbreviations, used in some MSS. of the 12th 
cent., in which I am interested, I find most of them in a Saxon 
MSS. of the loth cent., ** Beowulf," and some of them in a MS. 
of the 9th cent., S. Isidore's Liber Soliloquiorum (Cottonian 
MS. Vesp. D. XIV.) 

The passage in my last note " according to the same authority, 
Somersetshire in 568 fell under West Saxon power by the battle 
of Wipandune which he (Mr. Haigh) identifies with Wembdon,*' 
should be read " according to the same authority, Somersetshire 
Was clearly under West Saxon power in 568 as is shown by the 
battle of Wipandune which, &c.," the mistake was mine and it 
was a very careless one, for the " Chronicle " makes it clear that 
the battle was a faction fight. 

* Why Hedda was so anzioiis that the kingdom should not be divided again 
into two dioceses in his time, is not at first sight apparent : it may however hare 
been because the episcopal income from half the kingdom would be insufficient 
to support him ana his cler^; in the year of Hedda's appointment a bishop 
was obliged to retire from his bishopric through lack of the necessaries of life, 
*'/ir0 innp'xa rerum, 9b epiteoptUu i$$$d$nt$V Lib. iv, cap. zii. 

Sowursit 6* Dorsit Notes 6» Quirtes. 47 

I offer no remarks on W.B.W.'s comments on the last clause 
in the summary of the gth Canon of Hertford as given by Bede, 
for I cannot believe that he is in earnest in speaking of it as an 
addition by Bede or Theodore. As to its omission m the early 
Saxon history, — had the writer of that history been a Chinaman 
or an antiquary we might have expected him to copy it ; but what 
object could he have for inserting in his history a clause of the 
canon, which was of the nature of a rider upon it limiting its 
use, after the need of such limitation had passed away; its 
addition for the purposes of the history would have been useless, 
and would have required explanation. 

I can sec nothing further in W.B.W.'s last article which 
requires notice ; it now remains for him to name early MSS. in 
which Dorchester (Oxon) is described under the title Dorkecestria 
and to withdraw or to justify his assertion that Theodore ignored 
Wini's episcopate, which th& fragment of the Dtcreta does not 
appear to support. 

I have not noticed '' Oxon's" extract from Canon Bright's 
history ; it is difficult to deal with it. I might be ready to admit 
that Cwichelm's nanu is perpetuated in Cuckhamsley, as Canon 
Bright states, but that is no evidence that the Cwichelm was the 
Cwichelm son of Kinigils ; that is the point for "Oxon** to prove. 

Cwichelm appears to have been a common name in Saxon 
times ; there was a Bishop of Rochester of that name who may 
have taken refuge on Mercian soil as his predecessor did, or 
Cuckhamslea or blew may have received its name from any other 

W. MiLBS Barnes. 

[This discussion must now close. — ^Editor for Dorset.] 

54. St. Sidwbll. — Many of the readers of S. & D. N.Sf Q. 
will be aware that there still exist some very early Churchwardens* 
accounts relating to the parish of Morebath'in the North of 
Devon ; some of which have already appeared in the 4th Volume 
of the Somerset Record Society ; the whole of the accounts are 
now being printed in ftdl in the Western Antiauary. 

These accounts show that there was in tnat church an image 
and an altar of St. Sidwell ; and both the Editors have identified 
this Saint with St. Ceadwold, the king, who is commemorated on 
the 20th of April^. 

May I venture to point out that St. Sidwell was a female 
Saint : as is shown in the Morebath Accounts ? Sir Christopher 
Trychay, the Vicar, in the first year of his office •• gave yn Sent 
Sydwyll and payd for her makyn and gyltyng xxxiijs. iiijd."* 

* S.R.S. iv. ao8. W.A. Part Yii. [vol. xi.] March, 189a, p. 116. 

* W.A. Part vii. [voL xi.] p. 116. 

48 Somerut £* Dorset Notes S' Queries. 

Ecton in his Thesaurus (1742) p. 142J mentions '* Sativola, 
vulgo Sidwell/' as a chapeliy belonging to the parish of Heavitree, 
and Worth in his History of Devonshire (p. 27.) further tells ns 
that St. Sativola or Sidwella was a virgin martyr who is said to 
have been beheaded with a scythe and buried at St. Sidwell's, 
near Exeter, in A.D. 740. She is commemorated on the 1 8th of 
December, and is represented in the East window of Exeter 
Cathedral with a scythe or sickle, and a well ; and on the capitals 
of the columns she appears again, carrying her head in her hands^. 

Is she known outside the County of Devon ? 


55. Inscription at Langford Court. — ^The following 
Inscription occurs over the doorway of Langford Court, near 
Wrington, now the property of E. H. Llewellyn, Esq., M.P. 

Over the front door is engraved 

Christus mihi omnia. 

Christe, domum intra mecum 
Donee coelos intrem Tecum. 

A.D. 165(2). 

Which may be rendered. 

Dwell, Lord, within this house with me. 
Until I dwell in Heaven with Thee. 


56. Edward Kyrton of Castlb Cary, Sombrsbt. — I 
shall be much obliged by some genealogical particulars respecting 
him. He was M.P. for Milborne Port in both the Short and 
Long Parliaments of 1640, until 'disabled' in Aug., 1642, for 
joining in the King's Commission of Array. 

In the earlier Parliaments of Charles he represented Marl- 
borough and Great Bedwin. He compounded for his estate in 
May, 1646, stating in his Petition that he "was drawn to desert 
the House by his attendance on the Prince of Wales," from 
which it may be inferred that he held some oflSce in the Prince's 
Household. His fine was fixed at ;^504, to be reduced to £zs^ 
" if he and his wife settled £to 2l year upon the minister of 
Castle Cary." The following Marriage License (Bishop of 
London) appears to refer to this M.P. 

"Sept. 3, 1606. Anthony Buggs, esq., of Harlow, Essex, 
Bach^., 28, and Frances Kyrton of Hampton, Middx., maiden, 
17, dau. of Daniel Kyrton of Castle Cary, Somerset, esq., who 
died about a dozen years ago ; consent of her mother the Lady 
Vamam, wife of Sir Robert Vamam, of the Court, attested by 

^ Hosenbeth's SmiUms of Saintit p. 129. 

Sowterset 6* Dorset Notes 6» Queries. 


Edward Kyrton, esq., of Castle Gary, brother of said Frances, and 
son of said Lady Vamam, consent also of father of said Anthony 
Buggs ; at Tuddington, Middlesex." 

W. D. Pink. 

[A Pedigree of the Kirton family will be foond in Sonursei 
Wi/ls, 1 8t Series, 44. 

Editor for Somrrsbt.] 

FtoHo. NuM of DtetM«d. Pariah 

37 Allen, Margaret PuDiam 

57. DoRSBT Administrations. — Continued. — (II. ix. 10, 
X. -4.9, xi. 78, xii. 1 1 3, xiii. 1 50, xiv. 1 78, xv. 2 1 7, xvi. 242, III. xvii. 8.) 

OrantM K EaUtioiiahip DaUoT 

to Deoeaaad. AAffliniatnttioB. 


Thomas Martyn of Polham, 23 Oct., 1615 
dcr., "avo^'; Joan Dev- . 
enish al's Allen, annt, 
not having folly adminis- 
tered ( prerioas grant 
Tnly. 1614.) 
Richaid, brother 9 Oct., 1615 

Robert Batten, of Knoll, 11 Oct., 1615 
Somerset, kinsman 

36 Brooke, Morgan 
36 CHffe, Thomas 

West Lull- 

2 Coleman, Matflda see Rabbatts 
12 Holton, Elizabeth Beere Regis 

12 Holton, Giles Beere Regis 

13 Leavett, William Poole 

13 Phillipps, William Sherborne 
2 Rabbatts al*sCole- Blandford 
man, Matilda 

Leonard Qaoke, next of kin 18 Apl., 1615 
Leonard Quoke, next of kin 18 Apl., 1615 

45 Scutt, John 
8 Speede, John 
4 Talbot, William 
2 Tnffen. Robert 




Catherine, relict 

Thomas Phillipps, nephew 

John Coleman, son 

2 Warr, Anne 
13 Wickham,Anthony£ast Holme 

Barbara, relict 
Richard, brother 
IsleofPurbeckEdith, relict 
Tarrant Angel, relict 

Stokewake Martha Best al's 
Catherine, relict 

30 Apl., 16 1 5 
10 Apl.. 1615 
26 Jan., 1614 

15 Dec., 1615 

ID Mch., 1614 

5 Feb., 1614 

4 Jan., 1614 

Warr, 16 Jan., 1614 
22 Apl., 1615 

94 Arnold, John Cheselbome 

93 Chettle, Henry Bhmdford 

St. Mary 
71 Guppe, ChristopherHalstocke 
77 Hiboerd, Richard Bridport 


Wflliam, brother; during 25 Nov., 16 16 
minority of John, Will- 
iam, Edith, Thomas, and 
Christian, children of 

Susan, relict 1 1 Nov., 1616 

96 Hoskins, John 

62 Mathewe, John 

63 Othen, Edward, 


64 Paibam, Henry 
68 Pearce, Agnes 

Edith, relict 

John Hallett, of Charmouth 

yeoman, creditor 
Robert, brother 
Roger, brother 
Helen (relict ?) 

, II Ji 

late Vicar of 

Beere Regis Martha, relict 
MamchuU Gabriel Pearce, brother 

une. 1616 
uly, 1616 

2 Dec., 1616 
30 Apl., 1 6 16 
10 Apl., 1616 

20 May, 1616 
23 May, 1616 


Somerset S» Dorset Notes *• Qumes. 

Folio. Name of DooMMd 
71 Porter, Arthur 




93 Strangman, William Wareham 
63 Strode, Robert, Beamister 

90 Tyler, William 

93 Vyney, John 

58 Webber, George 

1 16 Barter, Jane, 

107 Chaffie, Thomas, 

116 Gillett, Henry 
114 Hardey, John 


Lyme Regis 

Orantoo ft Belationahip 
to DoooMod. 

Richard Porter, of St. 
Stephens juxta Saltashe, 
Cornwall, gent., brother 

Agnes, relict 

Margaret, relict 

Mary Kempe al's Smith, 

Susan, relict (renounced, 
and fresh letters granted 

13 June, 1616 

parish of 

July, 1617) 
Dorothy, relict 


Sturminster Benjamin, son 


late Rector of Thomas, son 

Stoke Gay- 


6 Nov., 16 16 
17 Apl., 1616 

I Nov., 1616 
II Nov., 1616 
38 Mch., 1615 

10 May, 161 7 
37 Feb., 1616 

116 Hawkins, Anthony Sherborne 
136 Hoskins, Henry Beamister 

Martin, Roger 
Vyney, Jolm 

Lyme Regis 

Catherine, relict 

John, nephew ; during mi- 
nority of John, CluuieSy 
Jane, Catherine and Giles, 
children of deceased (fresh 
letters grantedNov. 1631.) 

Richard Stride, brother on 
mother's side 

Henry, " nepos " (John, 
son, not having fulty ad- 
ministered, grant of July, 

Rebecca, relict 

John, son ; grant of Nov., 
161 6, to Susan, relict, re- 


19 May, 1617 
9 May, 1617 

37 May, 1617 
9 July, 1617 

30 Oct., 1617 
35 July, 1617 

308 Biles, Walter Stockwood 

166 Blackford, William Lyme Regis 

167 Brice, Roger 
2n8 Casse, Thomas 

163 Davye, Andrew 
173 Dooche, Richard 
307 Dun, Robert 
160 Fry, Greorge 

173 Lawrence, John 


Lyme Regis 


Beere Regis 

Christian, relict 
Agnes Blackford 

Webber, relict 
Joan, relict 
Agnes, relict 


Joan, relict 
loan, relict 
Mary, relic 



_ relict 

Thomas, brother 

Ann, relict 

Mary, relict 
John, brothe 
153 Munday, Thomas IsleofPurbeckFrances, relict 

177 Loope, John 

188 Masters, George Bradford "[ Johk^ brother 

13 Nov., 1618 
38 ApL, 1618 

17 Apl., 1618 
I Nov., 1618 

16 Mch., 161 7 
9 May, 1618 
4 Nov., 1618 

31 Feb., 1617 

34 June, 1618 

34 June, 1618 

18 Sep., 1618 
3 Jan., 161 7 

Somerut £• Dorut NoUs <S« Queries. 


Folio. Kame of DoeeMed. 
188 Musten, Richard 
a 10 Flev, Georee 
163 Rabbetts, John 

164 Rogers, Simon 
189 Stower, Henry 
153'Willes, Joan 

18 AdamSyHeniy 

39 Barnes, John 
12 Buckler, Andrew 
41 Barley, Thomas 
45 Chapman, Chris- 
35 Fathers, Giles 
ao Genge, Erasmus 
41 GorUey, Simon 
45 Kinge, William 

49 Parkins, John 
16 Ridont, Walter 
15 Sheldon, Philip 

OimatMH Rdationalilp 
Pirisb. toDMMMd. 

Sherborne Hngh, father 
Lyme Reffis Rebecca, rdict 
Tairant AbbesFrands Bascoine, of Beere 
Regis, daring minority 
of Catherine, daughter, 

with consent oi ,relict 

Elizabeth, relict 
Marianne, relict 
William Pitman, "nepos" 


Parva Wlnsor Heniy Derbie, creditor ; 
Elizabeth, relict, renounc- 
Philippa, relict 
Anne, relict 
Elizabeth, rdict 
Edmund Buckler, creditor ; 
Joane, rdict, renouncing 
East WoodfordGeorge Peny, ar :, nnde 
Pnddletowne John, brother 
Dorchester John, brother 
Upton, parish Christian Saunders al's 

of Canford Kinge. sister 
Westport Anne, rdict 
Shaston J?^^^* i^l^ 

Manstone Elizabeth, relict 




Lyme Regis 
Beere Reris 



18 Sep., 1618 

15 Dec, 1618 

6 Mch.,1617 

3 Apl., 1618 
36 Sep., 1618 
19 Jan., 1617 

10 May, 1619 

7 Oct., i6ia 

5 Oct., X619 
27 Nov., 16 19 

17 May, 1619 

19 May, 1619 

31 Oct., 1619 

2 Nov., 1619 

38 Dec., 1619 
30 Apl., 1619 
33 Apl., 1619 


67 Barber al's 

Chepman, Henry 
63 Chapman, John 

94 Cole, Thomas 
79 Fry, John 
50 Galer, John 

50 Hardy, William Rodden 

Alton PancrasAnne, relict C'de bonis" I3 May, 1630 

13 Apl., 1630 

grant. May, 1633) 
Lmgton LongMargaret Buckler ars Chap- 

56 Tones, T^Hlliam 
90 Karswdl, Jeffery 

95 Michell, "William 
61 Mogg, Robert 
99 Paine, Robert 

82 Payne, Absolom 
69 Pelham, Harbert 

Blandford man, '<neptis" 
Hampreston Frances, rebct 
Maperton John, son 
Tarrant Hinton William Lushe, creditor; 
Joane, relict, renouncing 
Henry Hardinge, creditor; 13 Jan., 16 19 
Margaret, reuct, renounc- 
Margaret, relict 
WilUam and Nicholas Sam. 

son, next of kin 
William, son 
Agnes, relict 


13 Nov., 1630 

36 July, 1630 

3 Jan., 1619 

35 Feb., 1619 
26 Oct., 1630 


13 Nov., 1620 

37 Mch., 1619 

East Stafford, Stephen Warde, of East 19 Dec., 1630 

Stafford, gent., pending 
suit between Joane Ward 
and Elizabeth West, 
widow, concerning WiU 
of deceased 

Corff Castle Elizabeth, relict 

Fordington Harbert Pelham, of Hast- 
ings, Sussex, ar :, son, 
with consent of Elizabeth, 

17 Aug., 1630 
27 May, 1620 

5a Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 

OrantM ft BeUttonihip Date of 

FoUo. Name of Deceaeed. Pariih. to Deoeaeed. AdminlBtratloB. 

79 Plowman, Roger Hampreston William, son a8 Inly, 1620 

53 Salisbury, TristramStratton EdithBantonal'sSaUsbmy, 6 Jan., 1619 

83 Serchfeild, ThomasCorff Castle Joan, relict 17 Aug., 1620 

67 Williams, Francis Pentridge Dorothy Burden, sister 4 May, 1620 

73 Younge, Walter Kingsale, Ire- John, brother 19 June, 1620 

land; died 
in Isle of 

(To be continued,) 

Geo. S. Fry. 

58. Bacon Family of Sombrsbt. — (II. xv. 233, xvi. 248; 
III. xvii. 10.) — ^The following stray notes may be of interest to 

Among the parish papers of S. Cuthbert, Wells, is one signed 
by Thomas Bacon, as a J.P., whose seal has this coat of Bacon, 
yArg,") a fess beiw, three round buckles tongues pendent {gu,) The 
deed is dated 1717. In the Register of the Cathedral are these 
entries of the name, and there may be more, 

1672, March 16, John Bacon, buried. 

1673, Nov. 20, Alary, relict of John Bacon, buried. 

1676, Sept. 8, Rebecca, dau. of John and Frances Bacon, buried. 

1688, March 3, Mr. Joseph Bacon of the Liberty, buried. 

1699, Nov. 2, James Bacon and Sarah Galling, both of the 

Liberty, were married. 
1 701, Nov. 12, James, s. of James and Sarah Bacon, baptised, 

having been born on 7th of the same month. 
1703, Nov. 26, John, s. of James and Sarah Bacon of the 

Liberty, baptised, being bom 22nd same month. 
1726, June 27, Anthony Bacon of Bromfield and Mary Tucker of 

the Liberty, married. 
1735, May 9, Mr. Tames Bacon, a clerk of this Church, was 

buried. Died May 7. 
1762, Oct. 18, Mrs. Bacon, wife of Mr. Joseph Bacon. 


59. The following is copied from a mural monument under 
the tower at St. Michael Church, near North Petherton. Maunsell, 
then the seat of the family, almost adjoins this little Church. 

Arms : Argent a fesse between three oval buckles ? 

Hie sepultae sunt Elizabeth et Sara filiae 
Natu gemellae Gulielmi et Elizabeths 
Bacon 4** et 5** quae hebdom : prima 
aetat : suar* obier't Martii 28 1668 
Et Dorothaea filia 3** p^d qi obiit 

Somerut S' Dorut Notes S» Queries > 53 

Aug: 12: aetat: 15: [16] 70. Franciss. 

fil. 8« pM q* ob : Feb 3«« : 7 heb : »t : [i6]7i 

Golielm. fil : primogenit. p«d qui obiit 

1 6<» Apr : [ 1 6]89 aetat : 310 William Bacon 

senior, pater liberorum p^'d qui obiit 

28* Aprilis [i6]9o set: 57. 

R. Grosvbnor Bartlbtt. 

60. DoRSBT Smugolbrs. (II. xiii. 149, xiv. 187, xvi. 261.) — 
There are many old men still living who could, if applied to, relate 
some very interesting and thrilling narratives connected with 
smuggling ; but they are now fast dying out and soon they will 
become an extinct race ; — hence the importance of obtaining all 
the information possible before it is too late. 

I lately met with an old man who had passed all his life in the 
Isle of Pur beck, and who evidently knew a great deal on 
the subject referred to. It may now be said that smuggling 
belongs to a past generation. I was not previously acquainted 
with the modus operandi of it, and probably many of your readers 
who, like myself, belong to a later generation, are not much 
better informed. It seems a pity that there is not more information 
forthcoming on this point. My informant told me that the 
Smugglers first of all went over to the coast of France in small 
sailing vessels, and took on board the tubs or kegs of brandy, &c., 
then they waited for a moonlight night to enable them to land 
their cargo in small boats on the Dorset coast; a moonlight 
Bight being always chosen to enable them to see their way in the 
better. When their vessels arrived sufficiently near the Dorset 
coasts, then they had to wait for a favourable opportunity to 
enable them to run in with their small boats without attracting 
the attention of the Coast Guard. Their comrades at home who 
were expecting them, and who understood prettv well where 
they would land, were also keeping vigilant watcn, and if they 
discovered any of the Coast Guard about, or saw any danger of 
discovery, a fire was lighted on the cliff and so long as such fire 
was kept burning no attempt was made to land on that part of 
the coast. 

It was a serious offence in those days for any one to be 
concerned in aiding the Smugglers by means of signals or other- 
wise, and the county gaol at Dorchester frequently contained 
many inmates charged with offences connected with smuggling. 
If the Smugglers met with any obstacle or were disturbed in the 
act of making for the shore, it became necessary for them to 
throw their cargo overboard. This was done in such a way, 
however, as to prevent any ultimate loss, if possible. Before the 
tubs of brandy were thrown into the sea they were tied together, 
particular notice being taken of the spot where they were 
deposited, and I believe some kind of a floating mark placed 

34 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S' Queries. 

there. When a favourable opportunity offered itself, a return waa 
made to the spot referred to, and the smugglers got up the tubs 
again, some iron rakes which were kept on hand being used for 
the purpose. Sometimes, however, a passing ship ran foul of 
the tubs and the crew secured the hidden treasure, or part of it, 
for themselves, much to the loss and chagrin of the original 

A further difficulty was experienced after the brandy was 
brought to land, in finding a safe and secret pdace in which to 
store it until a purchaser could be found. Sometimes it was 
placed in a cave by the sea shore, known only to the Smugglers* 
and at other times it was hid away in dwellinghouses, outhouses, 
gardens, &c. Frequent searches were made by the excise officers 
to discover contraband goods, and many were the expedients 
resorted to in order to frustrate such searches. If the goods 
were placed in an outhouse, the door of which was not locked, it 
seems the owner or occupier was not liable to any penalty. 

The profits obtained by the Smugglers were not at all 
commensurate with the tremendous risks they ran, and the wonder 
is that so many were found willing to engage in such a hazardous 
undertaking. An Englishman's natural love of adventure must 
doubtless have had a great deal to do with it. They might also 
have indulged in the thought that ** stolen fruit was sweet." 

My informant related many thrilling incidents connected, with 
smuggling in past days, one ot them being as follows : — 

About 50 or 60 years ago an attempt was made to land some 
smuggled brandy near St. Alban*s Head. It was a beautifnl 
moonlight night and all seemed to go well, until the smugglers, 
in their small boat, had just run into the creek which had been 
selected for the purpose of landing. Then it was discovered 
that two officers of the Coast Guard were watching the whole 
proceeding from the top of the cliff under which the boat had 
put in. One of these officers had not been long in the neighbour- 
hood, but he had been there quite long enough to have earned 
for himself the reputation of being very harsh in the discharge of 
his duties ; his colleague was of a milder disposition. The first 
mentioned officer at once raised his musket, or pistol, to fire on 
the unfortunate men in the boat, but his colleague, to whom the 
men were well known, implored him not to do so, but all to no 
purpose ; the fatal shot was fired, one of the men immediately 
tell dead in the boat whilst another was seriously wounded. The 
survivors or survivor at once returned with all speed to their 
vessel and the corpse and the injured man having been taken on 
board, the party returned to the coast of France where the dead 
man was buried and the other remained until he had sufficiently 
recovered to enable him to return home. No official enquiry was 
ever heldas to this tragic occurrence, but the natives (a large number 
of whom was then, in some way orother, connected with smuggling) 

Sonursit &» Dorset Notes S* Querus. 55 

soon knew all about it, and the Coast Guardsman who had fired 
the fatal shot found the neighbourhood too hot to holdhim» and 
he did not long remain there. 

I was much struck with the knowledge my informant 
possessed of that part of the coast near where he lived. No 
map or other publication that I know of affords so much informa- 
tion as he was able to give. He could tell the name of evenr 
rock, cave, creek, &c., and could run them off without much 
hesitation in consecutive order. He evidently knew every inch 
of that part of the coast, butw hen he came to a certain point his 
exceptional knowledge ceased and he knew no more of the coast 
beyond than an ordinary observer. 

Many of the names of the rocks, &c., which he gave me I 
had never heard before. Some of them were very suggestive of 
the past, and would no doubt well repay further investigation as 
to their origin, &c. Similar information could, no doubt, be 
obtained as to other parts of the Coast from old inhabitants, who, 
like my informant, have probably spent all their lifetime in the 
same neighbourhood ; but in these changing bustling times this 
kind of information is every year becoming more difficult to 

It might also be useful to consider what effect smuggling 
has had on the language, manners, and customs of our Coast 

61. Last Prioress of Wyntney, Hants. — The following 
is an abstract of the Will of the last Prioress of Wyntney, which 
I recently came across in turning over the pages of a volume of 
registered wills, proved in the Court of the Dean of Sarum, and 
now at Somerset House. As little is known of the ultimate fate 
of the Religious, after the dissolution of their houses, this abstract 
may be worthy of a place in the pages of 5. &D.N.& Q., though 
outside the usual scope of the magazine. This Nunnery appears 
to have been of the Cistercian Order, and at the dissolution com- 
prised a Prioress and seventeen Nuns. The site was granted 30 
Henry VIII. to Richard Hill, Esq., Serjeant of the King's Cellar. 
See a very meagre account in Dugdale's "Monaslicon," 1825. 
(Vol. 5. pp. 121-2). 

C. H. Mayo. 

••Elizabeth Martyn, sometyme Prioress of Wyntney, whole 
in mynde and bodie, 24 Julye, 1584. "ffirst I bequeath my sowle 
to the holieTrinytie through the meritts of the paynfull passions 
of my Savio' Jesus Xp** and only spouse of my sowle, and my 
bodie to be buryed in the chancell of Hartly Wintney. I would 
that a stone should be layde over my graue w**> a picture made of 
a plate of a woman in a longe garment w^ wyde sieves her handes 

^6 Somerset S» Dorset Notes 6- Queries, 

ioyned together holdinge vppon her brest and figured over her 
hedd, In ie domine speraui non confundar in ceiemum. In iusticia 
tua libera me, 6* salu^ me, I woulde than an herste shoulde be 
standinge over my grave by the space of an whole yere cou*ed on' 
yi^ black cotten w*^ a cross of white fustyon. For all the chardges 
and conveyance of my body from Okingham to Hartly Wintney 
Ten pounds." To the poore of Hartly Wintney 408. To my 
brother Thos. Martyn's wife, my grograyne gowne. To my sister 
denyngs, my best clothe gowne. To Mr. Wm. Stafferton, my 

Jreate ringe with the crapowlde in itt. He to be overseer. To 
nn Stafferton my ringe with the Jassinckt. Thos. Martyn, son 
of my brother Thos. Martyn. Goodwife Planner, widowe, some- 
times Thos. Planner's wife. Elizabeth Genens, daughter to my 
sister. Black gowns to John Heathwean', Anthony Richards my 
kinsman, Wm. Meyhill fuller, and John Martyn the elder, my god- 
tonne. The latter to have the residue and to be executor. "Also 
I will that they showld ringe for me in Okingham an houre." 
Witnesses, Stephen Martyn and John Palforde. Proved 31 Aug., 
1587. Valor, £11 3s. od. 

62. Lanqton Lonq Blandford : Churchwardens* 
Account Book. Continued, (HI. xvii. 14.)— Other entries of 
a miscellaneous character are as follows : — 

1636. Paide vnto Mr. Thomas Pitt for Iron . . xxviii*. x*. 
Paide vnto M''" Mayes for beake . . ij. 
Paide vnto Hilborne for earnest money . . vj. 

[Hilbome seems to have been a mason, as 4d was paid him this year '* for a 
ttone for the porche."] 

Laide out for a prayer Booke for Wednesdayes xviiij. 

I^yde out for two bookes . . . . iiijli. vij. iiij. 

^ s. d. 

1637. To the hellier for washing the Church . . 70 
(There are many entries to the hellier for plasterer's work.] 

For a Baddery for a Bell . . . . . . 6 

[^ Baldrick. '*The leather-gear, with its appurtenances, by which the 
okapper of a church bell was suspended.*' Dr. Murray's Ntw Engluh Dictionary,} 

1639. To the apparator for his Ma*" prayer .. 4 

1640. Pd. for a booke of flfastinge .. .. 10 
Pd. for a booke for fift of November . . . . 6 

1641. More laid out for a baudrick and irons for the 

bell • ♦ • • • • • • ^ 

Paid to a trauiling minister . . . . . . 6 

Luid out for a copie of the Prottestation . . 6 

[The terms of the Protestations may be read at p. 3, of the 5th Report of 
the R. Commission on Hist. MSS. It contained a promise to maintain the 
f^tostant Religion against Popish Innovations, ana also the power and 
prlvilotfci of Parliaments, and to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the 
three Kingdoms. It was taken in the Country about Feb. or March, 1641-3. 
The names of the persons who subscribed it at Langton may be found at the 
Journal*' Office, House of Lords. (See appx. to 5th Report, p. 124.)] 

Somersit S* Dorsit N§U5 £• Qmriss. 57 

1 65 1 . For a Rodderen [i ./. Sieve] and a Barrow • . 10 

To John Hoaseley for clensing the Church letten • . 60 

1653. Oct. 9. To 3 maimed shouldyers greioionsly 

hurt. • • • • • • • • 16 

1655. Aug. 7. Paid Mr. Nuton for new mackingthe 

Church Bibell . . . . . • . . 6 6 

1656. To John Ffackener for tacking la dnsson of 
sparroues . . . . . . • . 10 

rihxs is the first entry of this descriptioii. Sadi entries are not nomeroos. 
In 1059 for 16 doz., as. were given, in 1669 for 14 doz., 2s. 6d. The rate fiv 
pcdecats' heads is 4d. each.] 

1657. Nov. 9. For an houreglasse .. .. 50 
Received of Eve Compton for the Buryall of Henry 

Compton thelder in the Church • • . . 6 8 

For my goeing to Shaston July the loth '56, to deliver 

in the valuation of the Parsonage yearly . . 16 

1658. Received of Henry Compton gent for breaking 
the ground in the Church for the burying of his 
mother. . . • . • • • . 6 8 

For a paire gemmis [hinges] to the Ministers seate . . 8 

1659. Allowed to the former Churchwardens for the 

warrent of authority • . • . • . 10 

For my expense att ye private sessions . . . . 10 

1663. Collected one whole yeares gaole mony in 
arrear by the former Churchwardens 1662, and pd. 
the same to Mr. George Hussey Trer. att his howse 
at Mamell .. .. .. •• 2 12 o 

[This is the first entry of Gaol money. The snm paid on this score to Mr. 

Robt. Seymer, Trer., for 1663 was £S- 9^ 4<^ ^^ ^"^^ payable quarterly, and 

continae<C varying in amount, till the book doses in 1697. J 

To Speede the Lockesmith for Two Keys and Three 
loopes to the locke of the chest of Alms . . 16 

To Mallard the Joyner for mendinge the Communion 
Table board and frame . . . . . . 10 

To Robert Crouch the Perritor for bringing two 
proclamations for observinge the Lords daies and 
and holy dayes . . . . • • . . 10 

1670. Paid ffor carriadge of 23 loades of stones into 
the Black lane agt the cominge of the Sheriffe w^ 
the Judge to the assize that way and the spirringe 
of them into the carte routes . . , . 78 

[Robt. Seymer of Hanford, was Sheriff, 23 Car. 11., 1670.] 

Pd for citing the Churchwardens to Dorchester 
Court, 28th March, to Joseph Woodes apperitor . . 10 

To Mr. Tho. Horlocke for an act of Courte for the 
neglect of Sr. John Rogers for not fencinge his 
part of the Churchyard . . , . , , 24 

[Here, as in many other places, the repair of the Church3rard fence was 

apportioned among the proprietors of the parish. ** Thomas Horlock Register " 

was buried at Pimpeme, 18 March, 1682-3.] 


58 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

For a horse hier for one of the Churchwardens to 
appeare at Dorchester Courte vpon Sr To. Rogers 
neglecte of fencinge his parte of the Church Yard 
IS 8d, horse meate 4d, and for his expenses a 
Dorchester and his iourney to Edmundsham to Sr 
Jo. Rogers to inform him of the said citation is 6d 36 

1 67 1. For a booke for the Fast agt the goeinge forth 
of our Fleete, to Joseph Woodes the parator . . 10 

[War declared against the Dutch, 17 March, 167 1-2.] 
1673 and 4. Recd.of Mrs.Compton for her husband's 
and sonnes buriall in the church .. .. 13 4 

For my wifes and childes buriall (Wm. Welch, 

churchwarden) . . • . • • 134 

1673. June 27. To the Plummer for new casting and 
laieinge of the leddes of the Church, as appeares 
by his bill •• *. •• .. 19 2 6 

July ID. To the Carpenter for Tymber and labour 

about the ruffe of the Church as appeares by his bill 15 17 10 
For one hundred of spine laughtes . . . . 16 

To the apparatour for the A:Bpp» Order . . . . 10 

For a booke of Cannons for the Church . . 20 

For casting of the bell and carriage . . . . 600 

For laying of the tower loft and for wheeles stocks 
about the bells, as by bill .. .. .. 2 10 5 

To the Smith for iron worke . . . . 166 

1687. Rece^ of Christopher Trim for y« old table 

bord • . • . • • • . 16 

For prayer booke concerning the Qeene . . 10 

The details which have hitherto been given relate to parish 

expenditure. Those which follow concern the income. The 
assessment of the parish for a Church Rate was extremely simple, 
and in 1636 consisted of eight occupancies only, viz. : — 

Mr. John Rogers for two farms . . . . 40 

fafterwards called the Lower Farms.] 

Mr. [Charles] Studly, for the farm . . . . 48 

[i>., the Higher Farm.^ 

Robt. Viny [Littleton Farm] . . . . 80 

Henry Compton, for the 100 acres . . . . 20 

The Milles . . . . . . • . 10 

Widow Payne [Payne's Living] . . . . 6 

Walter Bayly [Bayly's Living] . . . . 6 

Peter Duffett [Duffett's Living] . . . . 4 

The total amount of this assessment remains unaltered until 
1673, when it is reduced by one penny, and two pence more were 

Sometut 6» Dorset Notes S» Qutms. 59 

taken from it in 1686, and the requirements of the Church were 
met by multiples of this basis, as occasion required. Thus, it 
was trebled in 1636, doubled 1637, quadrupled, 1638, or even 
multiplied by 51, as in 1673. The only other source of income 
was an occasional 6s. 8d., as a fee for burial in the church. 

The names in this list remain much the same to 1645, except 
that widow Viney replaces Robert, andthe AfiV/riare not assessed, 
shewing they had now gone out of use. 

The ten years from 1645 to 1655 produced more changes, 

1. John Rogers, Esq., for the Mill ham. • 

2. Ditto, for the Lower Farms [Wm. Frampton, 165 1 

3. Mr. Robert Frye 

4. Widow Duffet 

5. Henry Frye . . 

6. James Fawne, Higher Farm 

7. John Welsh, Littleton [Robert Flipping, 165 1] 

8. John Rose [100 acres] .. 

9. John Freemans 
10. Henrv Compton 
I I.Mr. [Nath.] Elmes, for Damory Meadows 

Comparing this withlater lists, the following changes appear — 

No. I remains in the hands of J. Rogers (Sir John in 1662) till 
1669 when Wm. Wealch appears as tenant, m 1670 it is again 
assessed to Sir John, in 1671 to Edward Twine, Esq., in 1679 
to Wm. Welch, and in 1681 to John Rogers Coker, Esq. 

No. 2 changes to George Duffet in 1664, Wm. Harding 1669, Sir 
]ohn 1670, and thenceforward as No. i. 

No. 3 passes to Widow Fry in 1657, to Sir John 1662, Edward 
Twine 1671, and thenceforward as No. i. 

No. 4 passes to George Duffet in 1669, and to Wm. Duffet 1679. 

No. 5 becomes Wm. Parsons' 1656, and is divided into 4d. and 2d. 
in 1664, the former being retained by Wm. Parsons till it passes 
to John Spinney in 1680, — the latter being sold to Sir J. R., and 
^terwards passing as No. i. 

No. 6 is in the hands of John Rogers in 1657, of Roger Shepherd 
1 662, of Sir John 1664, and then devolves as No. i. 

No. 7. Littleton Farm is assessed to J. Rogers in 1656, to John 
Stickland 1662, Henry Duffet 1 664, Kobert Browne, Esq., 1669, 
Wm. Wealch 1672, and Mr. Robert Browne 1679 ; — but is. was 
detached from it in 1 664 and added to Sir John's land, and 
afterwards passed as No. i, — probably land he had purchased 
of Mathew Page. 

No. 8 is termed " Mr. John Fussell's 100 acres ** in 1656, and the 
next year is split into two, one portion (a) assessed at 3d. to 



4 8 


4 8 





1 t 

6o Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

Henry Compton "for Mr. Jo. Fussell's arable land and Hum- 
bles meadow," the other portion (b) to Tho. Cherrett for Mr. 
Fusseirs house and Chapel meadow, (a) is called Mr. Arthur 
Fussell's in 1662, Henry Compton pays for it in 1663, John 
Cross 1664, Widow Crosse 1670, Mr. Matth. Fry 1672, Mr. 
Arthur Fussell 1673, Nich. Mitchell 1679. For {b) Nath. Creslow 
pays in 1658, Thos. Cherrett 1663, Widow Crosse 1669, Mr. 
Matt. Fry 1671, and thenceforward as (a). 
No. 9 becomes Mr. John Roye's 1656, Thos. Oliver's 1662, John 
Crosse's **forMr. A. Fussell" 1664, and then passes as No. 8 {a). 
No. 10 remains unaltered until Mary Compton, widow, appears in 

No. 1 1, which belonged to John Ryves, was held by Henry Comp- 
ton 1657, ^^' ^^y 1662, then by John Ryves 1 664, till George 
Ryves, Esq., appears 1679). 
The following notes may be useful in identifying the places 
and persons mentioned in the foregoing list. 

The Higher and Lower Farms, which no longer survive under 
those names, were still in existence when a map. was made of the 
fand purchased by William Holder Esq., of Jamaica, from the 
Rev. Mr. John Coker, in 1748. The Higher Farm comprised 
much of the pasture land, and a portion of the arable, which at 
the present day is let with Langton Farm, together with all the 
property now belonging to the Snows. The farm-house is the 
present Langton Farm House. 

The Lower Farm consisted of the remainder of the present 
Langton Farm, and as the only house which accompanied it was 
•* The Mansion," it was probably kept in hand. This mansion 
was demolished about 70 years ago and the present large house, 
completed in 1827, replaced it, though not on the same site. 

The 100 acres were probably situated in the part of the parish 
nearest Blandford Forum. Littleton Farm is on the west of the river, 
in the bed of which the Mills have long since disappeared. 

Sir John Rogers (son and heir of Richard Rogers of Bland- 
ford Forum), aged 15 or 16 in 1623, diedx./., and left his farms 
at Langton to his sister Joan, who married (i) Roger Coker and 
(2) Capt. Edward Twme. (Hutchins i. 250.) John Rogers 
Coker, bapt. 1$ May, 1660, at Canford Magna Church (Langton 
Register), was her grandson. 

Capt. Robert Browne (son of Robert Browne, Esq., of God- 
manston) purchased Littleton circa 1667 of John Jeffr}'s, and was 
grandfather of Browne Willis, the Antiquary. He died 17 10, aged 
83. (Hutchins i. 197). Littleton was formerly an independent 
parish, and became annexed to Langton through the Guldens. 

Mr. John Fussell, who held land here in 1656, may have been 
the attorney of Blandford, of that name, who, on 1 1 Feb., 1659, 
was murdered by his brother-in-law. Major George Strange>\ayes- 
(See The Vnhappy Marksman,). 

Sonurut S» Dorset Notes S* Queries, 6i 

A John Roye of Dorchester, and his son and grandson of the 
same name, are mentioned in Hutchins ii. 615. under Piddletown. 

John Ryves (1664) ^^^ probably ** John, last of the Damory 
Hne/* son of George and grandson of Sir John Ryves. George 
Rives, who appears in 1679, would then be his nephew and heir, 
being the son of his sister Elizabeth, who married George Ryves 
of Randleston, her cousin. He was Sheriff 33 Chas. II., and 
died in 1699. 

The following is a list of the Churchwardens of Langton, 
as gathered from the Account Book : — 

1636. Robt. Vine^, John Blanchard. 

1637. PeeterDufliett, Edw. Knapp. 

1638. George Lovell, Robt. Trime. 

1639. Mr. John Roberts, Charles Studly. 

[Both sign the accounts as ' Gent.'] 

1640. Henry Compton, Hen^ Frye. 

1641. Robt. Vinye, Nicholas Michell. 
1 643 Wm. Rabbatts, Peeter Duffett. 

1645. Peeter Duffet. 

1646. John Ames. 

1651 [-4?1 Wm. Frampton (for Fryes farme.) 

[This is crossed oif and replaced by James Fawen, Robt. 

1655. Henry Fry, James Fawne. 

[They sign the rate, but are not termed Churchwardens.] 

1656. James Fawen [signs the rate]. 

1657. Henry Compton, Geo. Duffett. 

1658. Wm. Fry, gent., Nicholas Brite for Jo. Rogers, Esq. 

1659. Tho. Welch, Tho. Cherrett. 

1660. Roger Shephard, Jas. Bithewood. 

1662. Roger Shephard, Jo : Floide. 

1 663 . Apl. 2 1 . Mr. Henry Compton, Geo. Smithes, deputy Church- 

warden for Sir Jo : Rogers, Knt. 

1664. Apl. II. Wm. Parsons, Geo. Duffett for Sir Jo : Rogers. 

1666. Wm. Welch. 

1667. Apl. 8. Henry Duffett (to serve for Littleton Farm.) 

1668. Wm. Harding, senr., Wm. Harding, junr. 

1669. Apl. 12. John Duffett (for his brother Geo. Duffett's tene- 

ment), Wm. Harding, senr. 

1670. Wm. Parsons, Henry Compton. 

1671. 2. Edw. Twine, Esq., for the Higher Farm. 

[Wm. Upward acted as his deputy.] 
i673» 4» 5- Wm. Welch, for Littleton Farm. 
1676, 7. Mr. Henry Compton, for Flewell's Living, in his 

mother's behalf. 

62 Somerset S» Dorset Notes 6- Queries, 

1678. Wm. Parsons. " Memoranda, that though William Par* 

sons is intreated by vs to serve this yeare Churchwarden 
yet his tume and right is not to serve till this time two 
yeare. Soe Testifies T: Wodenoth." 

1679. Apl. 21, Nich. Mitchell. 

1680. Wm. Duffett. 

1681. 2. Mr. Wm. Welch (for the Higher Farm.) 

1683. Mr. Henry Compton. 

1684. George Russell, deputy for Mrs. Mary Compton. 

1685. 6. Wm. Welch, jun., for Littleton Farm. 

1687. Mr. Nich. Mitchell. 

1688. Samuell Compton. 

1689. Apl. I. — to 1097. Mr. Wm. Welch, for Fries Farm. 

C. H. Mayo. 

63. Basset op Claverton, Somerset. — ^Where shall I 
find a pedigree or some particulars of this family ? Were they 
akin to the Bassets of Cornwall and Devon ? According to LeNeve 
(Pedigrees of Knights) and the Visitation of Gloucestershire^ 1682-3, 
they immediately derived from the Bassets of Uley, co. Gloucester, 
the founder of the Claverton branch, so far as I can ascertain, 
being William, eldest son of William Basset, of Uley. This 
William Basset, of Claverton, was M.P. for Bath in the Long 
Parliament, and married (i) Mary, dau. of Moses Tryon, (2) 
Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Joseph Kiiligrew, Knt. (who took for her 
second husband, in 1661, Henry Seymour, of Langley, Bucks.) 
He died sometime in 1656, leaving a son William who was 
Knighted 7 July, 1660, and afterwards for many vears represented 
Bath in Parliament, until his death in 1693. With whom and 
when did the line fail ? 

W. D. Pink, Leigh, Lancashire. 

64, Somerset County Directory. — Can vou or any of 
your readers inform me when the fitst Directory of the County of 
Somerset appeared ? 

I happen to have a leaf, and only one leaf, of an old Directory, 
on one side of which are names of some old inhabitants of Chard, 
and, on the other side, of Crewkerne. From these names I con- 
clude that the Directory must have been published as early as 
1820. The oldest Directory of this County which I have ever seen 
was presented to the Subscribers of the Somerset County Gazette^ 
Taunton, in 1840. 

Should this meet the eve of any one who has an old Directory, 
I shall esteem it a great favour if he will send me the date of 
publication with Publisher's name and address. 

F. Mitchell, Chard. 

Somirssi <S« Dorsit Notes S» Queries. 63 

65. Plagub in 1645-6. (III. zvii. 39.) — I have a copy of 
the Rev. John White's "Directions for the profitable reading of 
the Scriptures/' which, as the title-page informs us» was published 
"and to be sold by lohnLong, Book-seller in Dorchester, 1647." 
In his '• Epistle Dedicatory " the " dying Pastor," as he styles 
himself» reviews the events that had taken place at Dorchester 
during his ministry there, "neere two and fourty yeares." 

•• I know," he writes, " you cannot but be very sensible of 
that sad condition, into which you were lately reduced, when not 
onely you suffered the spoiling of your goods, but your very lives 
did hang in doubt before you, and you feared day and night hav- 
ing no assurance of your lives. ♦♦♦♦♦♦ 
Notwithstanding, I beseech you withall, take notice of a mixture 
of many mercies, even with that heavy Judgement. As, first, that 
God gave you yet your lives for a prey, which is all the favour 
that he promised Baruch, and that not only by preserving you 
from the enemies' sword, but besides by withdrawing his owne 
hand when the last yeare he called to contend by the Pestilence, 
which brake in upon you severall times and by severall waies, and 
yet gleaned onely a few amongst you, here and there, at that time 
when some other Townes were almost layed wast by the same 
stroake of God's hand, but the Lord still repented him for this, 
and said it shall not be." 

There was an order of the House, August 30, 1645, for a fast, 
for a cessation of the plague in England and Scotland. 

At Colyton, in 1645 and 1646, 458 died of the plague. 
{Parish Reg,) Its occurence amongst the soldiers at Dunster is 
recorded by Sydenham. ( Works, Sydenham Society.) 

J. H. Ward. 

66. Hbnrt Constantinb Jennings. — Information is 
wanted as to his marriage with Juliana dr. of . . Atkinson (she 
might have been a widow) circa 1765. Particulars relating to 

' any family of Atkinson, having a Juliana amongst them, might 
also be of use. Address, 

E. Jbnnings, Beaumont, West Norwood, Surrey. 

67. Dorset Christmas Carol.-- The following Carol has 
been sung by Christmas carol-singers at Long Burton, and no 
doubt elsewhere in Dorset, for generations. It has, so far as I 
have been able to ascertain (and I have submitted it to the opinion 
of Sir John Stainer), never yet appeared in print. The air has 
been copied from a worn' and soiled MS. in possession of one of 
the singers, and is now harmonized for the first time. It will be 
of interest to readers of S. & D. N. & Q, as a, pleasing example 
of the glee style of carol, though not, as Sir John Stainer reminds 
me, of the best glee style. I have some other local unpublished 
carols, which I hope may hereafter appear in this magazine. 

C. H. Mato. 

64 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

Behold I The Day is Come. 
Traditional (Copyright.) HarmoniMd by £. ffotrarth. 

Be • hold the day is come, And heav*n-ly hosts ap - pear, And 

•p- -W- j I I ^ -^ J -J- -^- -0- 

'I'r'l '^1^ 









r r>- 

heav'nly hosts ap • pear ; 




An -gels to shepherds tes • ti - fy The 





J ! \- 

. r ^ ' r r r r ' r i ■ i •* 



King of Glo • ry near, 

^ r' ^ J 


An - gels to shepherds tes - ti - fy The 



w m 




r # -ir^ 



8 V^ 

f I I 1 P- 

Kingof Glo-iy near, The King of Glo - ry near. 

■^ J 4 J J. r J J- J- J. -^ 

Somerset S» Dorut Notes S* Queries. 65 


Arise, Rejoice and Sing 

With hymns of sacred mirth, 
For Christ, the Lord, this day is bom, 

So celebrate His Birth. 


Behold, He comes with peace 

To ns and all mankind ; 
In Bethlehem City there was bom 

The Savionr of mankind. 


Glory to God on High, 

And heavenly peace on earth. 
Good-will to men, to angels joy, 

At onr Redeemer's Birth. 

68. Monuments in South Petherton Church. {Con^ 
iinuidfrom III. xvii. 35). 

The Sandys Family, 
althongh represented by the aforementioned three memorials only, 
were folk of considerable position in this place for close upon 
two centuries. They were offshoots of the old stirp at Ratten- 
bury Castle, near St. Bees, in Cumberland {¥ ositr 8 La ncashtn 
Pedigrees), The first of the name who resided here was Francis 
Sandys, who married Joan, daughter of — Mitchell of South 
Petherton (/^iffaA/r' Visitation of Somt., 1623). This must have 
been in the latter half of the 1 6th century, seeing that he (Francis 
S.) was churchwarden in 1585. 

According to Foster {op, cit,) it would appear that the S. 
Petherton family was descended from a second son {vide arms on 
monuments) of the elder or S. Bees branch, although, curiously 
enough, the genealogist, after reaching "Robert of S. Bees 
(fourth in descent from Robert Sandes of Rattenbury Castle), notes 
that " this family soon became extinct '* ; at the same time giving 
a long list of progeny of the Fumess Fells descent, from whom 
are derived the Graythwaite, Hawkshead, Kentish and Worcester- 
shire branches, which embrace a number of distinguished individu- 
als. {Her. F/j.Sbw/., 1 623, and Sir. T.Phillipps'sA^/^r^^ ^Sandys 
of Hawkshead^ Lancashire t 1870.) 

Whilst in S. Petherton, the family formed a number of West 
Country connections besides that with the Ayshes already referred 
to, and we know that Miles Sandys of the Latimers, co. Bucks., 
(brother to Edwin Sandys the celebrated Reformer, afterwards 
Archbishop of York), who married Hester, daughter of William 
Clevedon {Clifton) of Barrington Court, co. Somerset, was a 
relative and contemporary of our Francis Sandys ; indeed, by the 

66 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

will of the last named gentleman, Miles Sandys and his brother- 
in-law Jervase Clifton were appointed overseers. (Brown's Som- 
ersei Wills, 5th series, p. 98.) 

I am unable to hazard a guess even as to who his wife Joan 
Mitchell might have been. Mitchell appears only once as a 
Petherton name in our Registers at that date, but I may mention 
as a curious coincidence {quantum valeal) that on page 9 of Two- 
and'Twenty lives of modem English Divines, dfc, forming an 
appendix to the Generall Mariyrologie of Sam. Clarke, Pastor in 
Bennet Fink (London, 2nd. ed., 4to., 1660), we read that on^Mr. 
Mitchell \t2i% a "special friend" of Archbishop Sandys, and inter- 
ested himself in projecting his escape from the Tower, to which he 
had been consigned by Queen Mary. This escape, which, how- 
ever, did not then take place, suggested itself on the occasion of 
her majesty's coronation (Oct. ist, 1553) when "there was such a 
stir in the Tower that neither gates, doors, nor Prisoners were 
looked after." I have sometimes thought it possible that the 
Archbishop's friend, and our Francis Sandys' wife, were members 
of the same family. 

Mr. Sandys resided in a building, still standing, dating from 
the 1 6th (or possibly the 15th) century, called "The Old Rec- 
tory," and which was in all likelihood attached to the rectorial 
manor here belonging to Bruton Abbey before its dissolution in 
1539. This manor was then divided, as shewn by the will of 
BlaseRodberdcof Westover, near Langport, dated 29 Sept., 1576. 

We have evidence that Francis Sandys' grandson Emanuel 
lived in this house before 1616 ; also that in 161 8 he purchased the 
adjoining property formerly owned by the Daubeneys, and now 
mis-called " King lna*s Palace." This is the building spoken of 
as " Mr. Sands his howse," in 1664, on page 99 of Symonds's 

The last male of the family. Dr. Edwin Sandys, a physician, 
died in 1761 in Hele House, the old home of the Ayshes, which 
has been destroyed within the memory of the writer; and with 
the decease of Maria Sandys (probably wife of the above) in 1769, 
the South Petherton branch came to an end. 

The Sandys entries in our Register are : — 
'S9*/3- Jan. 20, ffrancisca* filia Gulielmi Sandis, gener. 
1599. Nov. 26, Joanna filia Magistri Wilhelmi Sandys. 
1615/6. Feb. 26, Maria filia Emanuelis Sandys, generosi. 

161 6. Nov. 28, fifrancisca filia Humphridi Bonde, generosi. 

1 61 7. Sept. 4, Simon filius Emanuelis Sandys, generosi. 
1 6 19. Sep. 17. ffranciscus filius Emanuelis Sandys, gen. 
1621. Nov. 5, Gulielmus filius Emanuelis Sandis, gener. 

* Frances Sandys married Humphrey Bond of Highweke, co. Devon. 

Somerut S» Dorsit Notes S» Qmries. 67 

1623. Jolij 12, Simon filius Emanuelis Sandys, gener. 
1626. Man 24, Joanna filia Emanuelis Sandys, gener. 
1628/g. Martij 19, JohSs filius Emanuelis Sandjrs, gener. 
1634/5. Jan. 28, Robertus filius Emanuelis Sandys, gener. f 
1 64 1. Oct. 27, Sam: f. Emanuelis et Ursulae Sandys, gener. 
1643/4. ff^b- > 2, Edwinnus f. Emanuelis et Ursulse Sandys, gener. \ 
1646/7. ffeb. 2, Ursula f. Theodori et Joannas Gullson, gent. $ 
1650/1 . Jan. 1 7, Elizabetha f. Theodori et Joannse Gullson, gent. 
1659. Sep. 20, Maria f. Theodori^ et Joannae Gulson, gent. 
1 665/6. Martij i , Jane f . Gulielmus {sic, ) et Jane Sandys, generos. 
1680. Julij 19, JohSs f. Johis Sandys, armigen. 
1682. Sep. 1 6, Gulielmus f. Johis Sandys, armigeri, etjoannae 

uxoris ejus. 
1684/5. fieb. 24, Edwinusf. Johis Sandys, armigeri. 
1686/7. fieb. 22, Samuel f. Johis Sandys, armigeri. 
1689. Dec. 16, Jacobus f. Johis Sandys, armigeri. 
1692. Junij 10, Joanna f. Joannis Sandys, armigeri, et Joannae 

uxoris ejus. 
1695. Maij 14, Hanna f. Johis Sandys, armigeri, et Joannae 

uxoris ejus. 
1716/7. Martij 1 1, Rachel f. Gulielmi Walter, vicarij. 
1718. Oct. 3, Thomas f. Gulielmi Walter, vicarij. 
1720. Oct. 4, Johannes f. Gulielmi Walter, vicarij. 
1722/3. Martij 12, Anna f. Gulielmi Walter, vicarij. 
I7;t6. Jul. 8, Johannes f, Gulielmi Walter, vicarij. 
1728. Jun. 4, Jacobus f. Gulielmi Walter, vicarij. 

1593/4. Jan. 9, ffranciscus Sandis, generosus. 
1600. Nov. 12, Joanna uxor francisci Sandys, generosi. 
1602. Ap. 15, Joanna f. Wilhelmi Sandys, generosi. 

Julij 3, nanciscus Sandys, generosus. 

Dec. 9, Maria uxor Wilhelmi Sandis, generosi. 

1603/4. Jan. 14, Wilhelmus Sandvs. generosus. 

1616. Nov. 29, ifrancisaf. Humpnridi Bonde, generosi. 

1618/9. ifeb. 2, Simon f. Emanuelis Sandys, generosi. 

1624/5. Martij 3, filia Ema: Sandys, gener. non baptizata. 

1626. Ap. 10, Gulielmus Sandys, gener. 

1627/8. ffeb. 29, filius Emanuelis Sandys, gener. abortivus. 

1630. Aug. 14, Maria uxor Ema : Sandys, gener. 

1636. Ap. 9, filius Ema : Sandys, gener. non baptizatus. 

t In this interval Emannel Sandys had lost his ist wife, Mary, daughter of Simon 
Boureman of Hennock, Deron, and had married Ursula, daughter of John 
Hunt of Speckington. She was buried in St. Peter's East, Oxford, by the 
side of her son Samuel. (Vide Heame's ColUetumtt Vol. i., Oxford 1^6.) 

% This Edwin S. became Rector of Yeovilton, and was the Archdeacon and 
Canon of Wells, referred to in Rev. C. W. Penny's paper, 8, % D, N. % Q^ 
m. xvii. 40. 

4 Joan, daughter of Em. Sandys, was married to Theodore Gulson, gener. 

68 Somerset S* Dorset Notes 6- Queries. 

1637. Sept. 16, filius £ma: Sandys, gener. non bapt. 

1640. Nov. 29, filius Emanuelis Sandys, gent, abortivus. 

1643. Nov. 18, Ursula f. Emanuelis Sandys, gent. 

1666. Ap. 3, Katherina uxor Koberti Sandys, gent. 

„ lunij 15, Jane f. Gulielmi et Jane Sandys, gent, 

1679. Julij 25, Gulielmus Sandys, generosus. 

1 68 1. Maij 20, Magistra Jana Sandys, vidua. 

1687. A.p. 26, ffranciscus Sandys, generosus. . 

1690. Junij 6, Magistra Katharina Sandys, vidua. 
1 69 1/2. ffeb. 16, Jacobus f. Johis Sandys, armigeri. 

1694. Nov. 23, Magistra Ursula Gulson f. Theodori Gulson, 


1695. ^^^' 3^* Theodorus Gulson, generosus. 
1697. Dec. 7, Johes Sandys, armiger. 

>» » i9> Gulielmus f. Magistral Joannae Sandys, viduse. 

1 70 1. Nov. 7, Magistra Joanna Gulson, vidua. 

1702. Aug. 21, Samuel f. Magistrae Joannas Sandys, viduae. 
1716. Nov. 9, Elizabetha Gulson. 

1720. Oct. 8, Joannes f. Gulielmi Walter, vicarij. 

1729. Sept. 8, Reverend : Gulielimus Walter, S. Petherton. 

1 73 1. Junij 23, Johannes Sandys, armiger. 

1 73 1/2. ffeb. 5, Joanna Sandys, vidua. 

1736. Aug. ID, Joanna, vidua Gulielmi Walter,* vicarij. 

1761. Mar. i3,Edwinus Sandys, Medicinae Doctor. 

1769. Feb. 8, Maria Sandys. 

17 14/5. Jan. 9, Gulielmus Walter, Vicarius, Joannam Sandys in 
ux. d. 
Abstracts of Wills of this South Petherton family will be found 
in Brown's Somerset Wills^ 3rd series, pp. 62-63 ; 4th series, pp. 
45-46-47 ; 5th series, pp. 98-99-100 ; and of Wills of the Clifton 
Family in 4th series, pp. 14-15. 

On the South side of the same (North) Transept against the 
basement of the tower on a blue stone mural monument we find : 
Sa. Three lions rampant, A>y . (Prowse), impaling, gu. two swords 
in saltire, arg, (HoLWAT.) 

Near this place lieth the I Bod3r of Elizabeth Prowse | Daughter of 
Amos Prowse I Gent : by Catherine his I Wife Daughter of Peter | 
Hollway of Uftculme in ye | County of Devon Esq. | She died Sep- 
tember I ye 28th, 1730 Aged if years. | Also lieth the Body of ye | 
said Catherine I^owse | who died August y« 28th, 1733. 

From Register of Burials. 
1720. Oct. 5, Elizabetha f. Amosij Prowse. 
1732. Sept. I, Catharina uxor Amos Prowse. 

The Prowses came into this place by marriage of Samuel (son 
of Robert Prowse of Yeovil, and Bridget daughter of John Harbin 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 69 

of Newton), with Elizabeth daughter of Nicholas Saunders of 
South Petherton, *' mercator^*' about the sixth decade of the 
17th century. 

Mr. Saunders lived in what is called the *' Court House,** 
which Samuel Prowse purchased of the executors of his ^ latelj 
deceased father-in-law'* in 1675, since which time it has ^^"^tjs 
been occupied by a lineal descendant of the same family. Toe 
sole living representative is now, however, a married lady without 

The Prowses of Yeovil descended from the Tiverton branch 
of whom in the Heralds' Vistiaiton 0/ Devon^ 1620, it is noted that 
'•This Prowse saith that he descended out of the house of Prowse 
of Chagford." Lysons in his Hisioty 0/ Devonshire speaks of them 
as "an ancient, numerous, and widely spreading family ; origin- 
ally of Gidley Castle, as early as the reign of Henry II." 

In Brown's Somt. Wills^ 5th series, p. 102, Mrs. Mary Prowse 
{f^ee Ayshe) desires '' to be buried under that blew stone at the 
entrance of the North Aisle, which my sister purchased and en- 
closed for herself and family for ever." Hence this transept still 
goes by the name of " the Prowse Aisle." 

It does not appear that any member of the Sandys or Prowse 
families took part in the Civil War troubles, although Mr. Samiders 
was indirectly concerned with them at the outset, {f roc. Somt. ArthK 
Soc., Vol. XIV., pt. ii., p. 64.) 

In the Royalist Composition Papers, Vol. G., No. 183—954, we 
find the name of one Edwin Sandys, a minor, compouncUng in 
London 5th May, 1646. He is probably the " E.S." Proprietor of 
Down Hall, Kent, in Sir T. Phillipps's Pedigree above quoted. 

Amongst Somerset '* Prisoners bound each for the other, for 
their Appearances at the next Assizes, and for the good behaviour 
in 100/. each," the names of Robert Sands (son of Emanuel and 
Ursula S.), and the aforementioned Samuel Prowse, are recorded. 
(Vide*'^« I Account \ of the \ Proceedings \ Against the \ Rebels, and 
other Prisoners, \ Tried before the Lord Chief fustice \ fefferies, and 
other Judges, in the I West of England, in 1685, for tailing | Arms 
under the Duke of Afonmouth.'* \ Lond. sm. 4to., 17 16.) These 
two were probably not actively concerned in the Rebellion, but 
suspects in consequence of having participated in the ovation which 
the Duke received at South Petherton during his Western pro- 
gress in 1680. (Vide, ** An \ Hulorical Account \ of\ The Heroick 
Life I and | Magnanimous Actions \of the\ Most Illustrious Protes- 
tant Prince \ James \ Duke 0/ \ Monmouth.' | Lond. 8vo,, 1683.) 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

{To be continuiJ.) 

yi Somerset <S» Dorset Notes <S» Queries. 

three fires, destructive of cottage property, have occurred here in 
Ihe last 35 years. But nothing so sweeping as this has happened 
in it before. I was struck with the absence of any remains inside 
the cottages that were demolished. There were next to na 
blackened thatch heaps, or pieces of charred beams or rafters ta 
be seen about. Every atom almost of straw or timber seems ta 
have disappeared — transmuted into ashes, which the wind took 
up and scattered about formany miles. Itisdifficult toestimatethe 
time that was occupied in this work of destruction. But 5 hoars 
was certainly the outside limit that was stated by any of my infor- 
mants as its duration, and this is but a short period to deprive 
about 190 human beings of their houses and all their goods save 
the tools they may have had in their hands, and the clothes on 
their backs. Let us wish the good folks no such bitter experience 
again that '' Fire is a good servant, but a bad master." 

Talbot H. B. Baker. 

72. GiLLiNGHAM, DoRSET.— Among some familv papers that 
have come to me I find an undated Memorandum endorsed 
"Rock V. Cosens — Minutes," containing particulars of the 
descent of lands in Gillingham, which were sold by Mr. Rock of 
Closworth about the year 1785. 

Porridge Hill and Easter Leazes or Closes. 

1 1 Dec, 1660. Deed Poll from Richard Peme unto John Tise, 
whereby he released all his Right and Interest in Lands 
and allotments at Porridge Hill unto the said John Tise. 

1 670. John Tise's Will, whereby he gave his lands in Gillingham 
to his widow Mary Tise. 

1673. Mary Tise's Will, whereby she gave everything to her 
daughter Mary Goddard. 

22 Oct., 1674. Deed Poll from Wm. Weld, Esq., to Richard 
Peme, reciting that Humphrey Weld at his request had 
granted a Letter of Attorney unto said Richard Peme, to 
surrender into the hands of the Lord of the Manor of 
Gillingham a Messuage or Tenement or Close called Easter 
Clows or Clous with 6 acres and 4 acres and half of 
allotment land lying at Porridge Hill, that Mary Goddard 
might be taken Tenant thereto according to the Custom 
of the Manor. It is declared by the said Wm. Weld that 
he disclaims all Right, &c., thereto unto the said Mary 

1 May, 1674. Deed Poll in similar terms relating to Easter Leaze 
with 9 acres. 

From Wills and other Documents I gather the following^ 
descent : 

Som$rs$t S» Dorui NoUs <S* Qmrm. 



of Gillingham, gent, 
Will dat. lo April, 
andnrovcdat P.C.C. 
1 7 May, i636,by widow 

John Pernc 

Rachxl, sister of 
Peter Greene: had 
lease of Easthaimes 
in Grillingham, Sec. 
Vm dated 31 Mar. 
and proved at P.C.C. 
13 Nov., 1656 (Berk- 

>cy 405) 

Richazd Peme 

eldest son.liv- Mother's [Will 1673.'] 
ing 1656. Will, living 1656. 

Mary = John Tyse 

of Orcheston 

St. George, co. 

Wilts, clerk. 

[Will 1670.3 

Rachel = £dw. 

John Tyse 2. T^Iliam == Mary = i. John Goddard 
(probably died Weston of I of Gillingham, 

1660.) Weston in I died before 1 681. 

Stal bndge | 

John Goddard = Martha, dan. of 

of Gillingham, 
d. 14 July, 1702. 


Cox, d. 13 
July, 1698. M.I. 


William Helyar = Mary Goddard 

of Ceker, co. 
Som., M.P.for 
Somerset, d. 

eventual heireu. 

William Helyar Mary = Richard Pitcher 

of Coker Court. b.i7i9.d.i754 I of Yeovil. 

^1 b. 1712, d. 1760 

Other issue Joanna Pitcher =1 John Rocke 

b. 1 738 d. 1 8 1 3. of Closworth, 
CO. Somt. 

Martha ^lArthur Cosens 
d. 1798 I d. 1768 

Arthur Cosens. Other issue 
High Sheriff of 
Dorset, 1807. 

The will of Rachel Peme is curious. Among other bequests, 
she leaves to her son Richard ** half my stock of bees there in my 
heefold or garden at Easthaimes." The allotment land (see above) 
came " in lieu of common upon the disafforestation of the late 
forest of Gillingham." She mentions her sister Anne Stagg, 
whose husband, Giles Stagg of Little Hinton, entered his pedi- 
gree at the Heralds* Visitation of Dorset in 1623. 

Is the name of Tyse to be regarded as equivalent to le Tyes, 
!>., the German ? In 12 19 Walerand le Tyes (or LatinCy Teutoni- 
cus) was rector of Yeovil. (See Notes on Barwick and its Churchy 
by J, Batten, F,S.A.) 
Horsham Vicarage, Sussex. 

Charles J. Robinson. 

74 Scmimt 6* Dorui Notes S^ Quewm. 

73. Sanctcjs Bbll. (II. xvi. 260, III. xvii. 19, 20.) — ^The inter- 
esting description furnished by Mr. Hugh Norris of two bells now 
remaining in Welsh Churches within the chancel roof raises a 
question of some difficulty. Were these Sanctus or Sacring bells ? 

That these two bells were distinct there is no doubt whatever. 
In the Inotntories of Church Goods ^ '5S*» {Cheiham Society) 
we find at Warrington " 4 bells in the steeple, one sanctus bell, 
and 1 little sacring bells ; " and similar lists at Bury, Winwick, and 

The origin and significance of the two bells seem also to 
have been quite distinct. The sanctus bell was rung at the Ter 
SafiifuSj apparently to mark a break in the service, — the 
termination of the Onh Missiit and the commencement of the 
more solemn Canon Mi%sct. It can hardly have had any doctrinal 
&igni6cance, but seems to have been rather of the nature of a 
ting-tang. In the early days of Christianity the division of the 
service at this point was very marked, the two parts being termed 
respectively the Missa Catuhumenomm and the Missa Ftdeiium^ 
and (as in Protestant churches to-day) none but the faithful were 
admitted to be present at the actual celebration. It is natural 
that a bell should have been rung at this break as a tinal summons 
to the MasSf and the Sanctus bell appears to be a survival of 
this custom. 

The purpose of the sacring bell was totally different. Since 
the service at the altar was conducted inaudibiy and in a foreign 
tongue, some such device was necessary to inform the congrega- 
tion when the actual consecrrilion took place and when to adore 
the sacrament; and for this purpose the sacring bell was 

If the distinction here drawn is correct, it will be clear that 
we should expect to find the sacring bell within the church* the 
sanctus belJ outside the roof or in the belfry. 

The sanctus bell was certainly often liung outside the roof 
over the chancel arch ; at Barton S. David it seems clear that it 
hung in the belfrj% and this was also the case at Warrington, 
where we read of ** all the bells in the steeple except the sanctus 
bell/' {Invenioriis, &c., as above). 

The sacnng bell was probably often (as now) a handbell, but 
it was sometimes hung, — probably in the chanceL In the Yation 
Churchwardens' Accounts {Samertel RrcGrd S&aefy), 1548, we read 
"fof a rope for the sacring belL., .3d/' Similarly, in the 
Ludlow Churchwardens' Accounts {Camden Socniy) we find 
•• i|4it hem paid for a cord to the sacring bell. . . . 3d. 

yi^ Paid Thomas Season for hanging up of the sacring 
i ^ liigh chancel &c. . . . . . . id/* 

To llK9e instances may now apparently be added those 

IVf Ml, Norris. In Aubrey's Wtits there is also recorded 

tl^aiBrokenborough there was a wheel of 18 bells 

Scmersii S» D$nti N^Us S^ Qmthet. 75 

hong in the middle of the dinrch which was rang at the < 
of the Host. 

Another point maj be mentioned. Though I have doc 
with a case where a chnrch had more than one sa»ctiis bell, 
sacring bells often occur in the plnral number. Thus Yatton had 
at least three (p. 143) ; in the ItantUrks qnoted above sereral 
churches had more than one, Dejne has foor sacring bells. 
These were probablj for use at difierent altars. 

An examination of the inventories for Lincolnshire given 
in Peacock's English Church Fufniturt will shew that the distinc- 
tion between the sanctus and the sacring bell was a verj real one. 
Two lists of great bells and sanctus bells are given which were taken 
in 1549 and 1553, but in the inventories of objects of superstition 
destroyed in 1566 the sacring bell is almost invariablj mentioned 
but never a sanctus bell. This shews that the sanctus bell was 
not regarded as having anj doctrinal significance. 

The modem use of the bells, I believe, varies. I am told that 
both at the Jesuit Church in Fann St., and at the South Kensing- 
ton Oratory, the outer bell echoes the sacring bell at the 
Elevation ; but the Oratorians certainly, and, I believe, the 
Jesuits, take their use from Rome, and neither of these orders can 
be regarded as following medieval English tradition. The 
Cistercians on the other hand are said to ring a bell all through 
the 'Prafatio which precedes the Ur Sanctus — ^a custom which 
looks very like a survival of the bell rung for the Misia fiddium. 

Edmund Buckle 

[In Inoentories of Church Chads (Surrey Archaeological 
Collections) we find (p. 1 20) : 

" Item in the stepyll iiij greate beUes one saunce bell 

ij procession belles and one sacryng bell and other ornaments 
plate jewelles and belles they have none." 

At p. 37 "jlechebell" is mentioned, which is elsewhere (pp. 
19, 21, 24) called a "corse bell." 

Editor for Somsrset.] 

74. Frome Charity Dbbds. (II. xii. 129, zv. 216.) — 

vii. Release in Buckland, a.d. 1301. 

Omnibus Xpi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris 
Trifena relicta Ricardi atte Wode salutem in domino : Noveritis 
me remisisse et omnino quietum clamasse Johanni Pertrich de 
Boklaunde totum jus et clameum qd habui vel quod aliquo modo 
habere potui in duabus acris terre quum mihi accidere poterit 
nomine dotis per mortem pdci Ricardi quondam viri mei Ita 
quod ego predicta Trifena nee heredes mei nee aliquis nomine 
meo nichil juris nee clameum de pdca terra decetero exigere vel 
vendicare poterimus imppetuuro : Pro hac autem relaxacione et 

76 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S^ Queries. 

quieta clamacione dedit mihi predcus Johns quinque solidos 
sterlingonim premanibus In cujus rei testimonium presenti scpto 
sigillum Benedict! atte wode apponi procuravi quia sigillum 

?Toprium non habeo : Datum apud Boklaunde die dominica 
n vigilia apostoloram Philippi et Jacobi anno Regni Regis 
Edwardi vicesimo nono Hiis Testibus Johanne Fronfaris Thoma 
Moriz Willelmo clerico Benedicto atte wode Johanne Levret 
et aliis. 

viii. Recovbry in Elm A.D. 1336. 

Placita apud Eboracum coram I de Itonore et sociis suis 
Justiciariis dni Regis a die see Trinitatis in xv dies anno regni 
dni Regis E tercii a conquestu decimo. 

Ro. Li. 

Somerset. Ricardus Wychewode per Eliam de Corscombe 
attomatum suum petit versus Johem Pertrych duas acras tre cum 
ptin in Elme quas Osbertus Giffard dedit Elie Wychewode & 
hedibus de corpore suo exeuntibus et que post mortem pdci Elie 
et Rici fil et heredis ejusdem Elie et Klie fil et heredis predci 
Ricardi fil Elie : pfato Rico Wychewode fil ejusdem Elie fil Rici 
et consanguineo et hedi pdci Ricardi fil Elie Wychewode descendere 
debent per formam donacionis pdce &c Et unde dicit qd pdcus 
Osbertus dedit pdcam tram prefato Elie Wychewode in forma pdca 
per quod donum idem Elias Wychewode fuit inde saisitus in 
dominico suo ut de feodo et jure scdm formam &c tempore pacis 
tempore dni £ Regis avi dni Regis nunc capiendo inde explecia 
ad valenciam &c Et de ipso Elia Wychewode descendit jus &c 
scdm formam &c cuidam Ricardo ut fil et hedi &c Et de ipso 
Rico descendit jus &c scdm formam &c cuidam Elie ut fil et 
hedi &c Et de ipso Elia descendit jus &c secundum formam &c 
isti Ricardo qui nunc petit ut filio et hedi &c Et que &c. Et inde 
producit sectam &c. 

Et Johannes per Johem de Horcherum attorn suum venit et 
defendit jus suum quando &c et dicit qd accio ad petendum 
tenementa sub hujusmodi condicione data competit petentibus 
ten hujusmodi post statutum de donis condicionalibus editum 
alienata et non tenementa ante idem statutum alienata verum 
dicit quod pdca terra alienata fait ante predcm statutum de donis 
condicionalibus editum et de hoc ponit se super patriam Et 
Ricardus similiter Id preceptum est visum qd venire faciunt hie 
in crastino sci Martini xij &c per quos &c Et qui nee &c ad 
recogn &c Quia tarn &c 

Ro. Li: 

Salutz et cheres amystes. Jeo vous envoi le transescrit de 
votre plee : le quel mustretz a votre consail qar iai plede solomg 
ceo q vous moi mandastes. et sachetz q ieo avey gran dement 
afeare de haster la busogne et a delyuerer votre fitz : qar il ne 
voleit mye aler de moi auant ceo q le plee fust plede. A dieu q 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S^ Queries. 77 

voos gard. votre fitz ala de Qaerwyk le jour de seint Bamabe 
Jeo vons pri q mandetz en hauste ma lettre a Lukyngton quele 
ieo baillay a votre fitz. 

ix. Indenture— BucKLAND, A.D. 1339. 

* ♦ * presens scriptam prevenerit Willelmus 

de Wateleye de Boclond Dyneham et Xpa uxor ejus salutem 
in dno Noveritis nos dimisisse tradidisse concessisse et [per] 
psens septum confirmasse Edithe le pyparis et Felicie filie ejusdem 
Edith unum messuagium cum curtilagio et unam placeam terre 
in clauso nostro in villa de Boclond que continet in longitudine 
sex perticatas et octo pedes et in latitudine vigintiquinque pedes. 
Habend et tendend pdcm messuagium cum curtilagio et pdcm 
placeam terre cum ptin pdcis Edith et Felicie filie ejusdem Edith 
ad terminum vite eordem quamdiu vixerint vl alterius eor diucius 
viventis de capitalibus dominis feodi per servicia inde debita et 
consueta Redendo inde annuatim nobis et hered nostris vel nrs 
assignatis sexdecim denarios ad quatuor anni tminos principales 
equis porcionibus pro omnibus sviciis et consuetudinibus Et nos 
vero predicti Wills et Christofera &heredes nostri vl nri assignati 
pdcum messuagium curtilagium et placeam tre ut supradcm est 
pdcis Edith et Felicie ad terminum vite eorum vl alteri eor 
diucius viventis contra omnes gentes warantizabimus acquietabi- 
mus et defendemus In cujus Rei testimonium sigilla nra altematim 
apposuimus. Hiis Testibus Thoma Morix Henrico***oteme : 
Johe Pertrich ; Johe Marchal : Johanne clerico et aliis Data apud 
Boclond Dyneham die Jovis prox post festum sci [«<f] Lucie 
virginis anno Regni Regis Edwardi tercij post conquestum 

X. Indenture— Wanstrow, A.D. 1374. 

Hec indentura facta inter dominum Johm de Bello Campo 
dnm de Lilleston ex pte una Et Johm le Leche de Wandestre 
Editham uxorem ejus et Willelmum filium eorundem ex parte 
altera testatur quod idem dns Jobs concessit tradidit et dimisit 
predictis Johanni Leche Edithe uxori ejus et Willelmo filio 
eorundem unum clausum pasture et bosci vocatum Leyntemerssch 
jacentem juxta clausum domini Edwardi de Clyvedon militis ex 
parte occidentali et clausum Willelmi Gilane ex parte orientali 
Habendum et tenendum totum predictum clausum pasture et 
bosci cum eorum pertinenciis predictis Johi le Leche : Edithe 
uxori ejus et Willelmo filio eorundem ad terminum vite eordm 
aut unius eorum diutius viventis : Reddendo inde annuatim pfato 
dno Johi de Bello campo her et assignatis suis : duodecim 
denarios argenti ad quatuor anni tminos principales equis por- 
cionibus pro omnibus sviciis exactionibus et demandis Et pdicti 
Jobs le Leche Editha ux ejus et Willus filius eordm habebunt 
& prostrabunt ad eorum proficiain in clauso et bosco predictis 

78 SomiTui S* Darsit Notes 6* Queries. 

primo anno Qiiadraginta octo Quercus £t postea pro materiis* 
siiis in hosewudria quantum racionabiliter eis indies volunt [p vis 
et lib ♦♦* dci dni Johis intercalated'] Et pdcus dns Johes de Bello 
campo et heredes sui totum pdcum clausam pasture et bosd cum 
ptin pfatis Johanni le Leche Edithe uxori ejus et Willelmo filio 
eordm ad term vite eor aut unius eorundem diutius viventis 
contra omnes gentes in forma pdca warrantizabunt et defendent 
In cujus rei testimonium partes pdce huic scripto indentato 
sigilla sua altematim apposuerunt Hiis testibus Edmundo Flory 
Willelmo Polayn Johe Ademede Henrico Mounfort Edwardo 
Botiler et aliis Datum apud Wandestre die dominica proxima 
post festum sancti Laurencij martyris : anno regni Regis Edwardi 
tercij post conquestum Quadragesimo Octavo. 

75. Vicarial Oblations at Cheddar.— I wish to note 
that at Easter, 1892, with the consent of the patrons of the 
vicarage, I discontinued the collection of the ancient payment of 
'* Oblations," and arranged with the Churchwardens to assign the 
free-will offerings of the Congregation worshipping in the Parish 
Church on Easter Day, to the use of the Vicar, annually, instead 
thereof. The Vicar's oblations here were a fixed yearly rate of 
twopence per adult head due from all, richer, or poorer, over 
fourteen years of age. They were a kind of personal tithe paid 
to him by the individual members of his flock. This payment at 
Cheddar can be traced back in documents to a date previous to 
1544, but it has probably formed a part of the Vicar's income 
from the creation of the Vicarage. 

Where in ancient Wills sums of fourpence and twopence are 
bequeathed under the term of * 'forgotten tithes," to the High 
Altar, or to the Rector or Vicar, I conclude that they refer to 
unpaid oblations. •* Privie Tyth " was due to the Vicar. What 
exactly was this ? 

J. Coleman. 

76. Lines Wanted. (III. xvii. 38.)— My scrap-book 
supplies the following lines ; the rhyme is there attributed to the 
Rev. F. Mills. 

** And many a bitter word and mde 
Has been bestowM upon the feud.*' 

George S. Master. 

77. Giles Grene, M.P. for Corfe Castle in the Long 
Parliament. (II. xv. 236, xvi, 247.) — By the courtesy of Canon 
EUacombe I am able in part to reply to my own query. John 
Grene of Enfield was the eldest son of Giles Grene, by his wife 
Elizabeth. In addition the M.P. had issue Roger, Rebecca, 
Sarah, married to John Bland, and Katherine, wife of Roger 
Hill, Justice of the C.P. under the Commonwealth. The 

« Mateiia=timber. (Da Cange.) 

S&msrsii 6* D^mi NoUs 6* Qmriis. 79 

widow of the M.P. afterwards married George Witham of 
London; — Marriage License dated Oct 3, 1660, she described 
as the '* relict of Giles Greene late of Motcombe, Dorset, Esq., 
deceased/' aged about 50, he as a widower, about 60. I yet 
ladL the parentage of Giles Grene, for which I should be obliged 
to any correspondent. 

W. D. Pink. 

78. GsoRGB Skutt, merchant of Poole, was elected M.P. 
for Poole in Dec, 1645, in the place of William Constantine, 
the Rovalist, disabled. What is known of him ? He was secluded 
in the Purge of Dec, 1648, and appears to have been still alive at 
the Restoration. 

W. D. Pink. 

79. Quaint Riddlbs. — ^The following quaint old riddles I 
took down in April, 1890, from an old woman named Mrs. Bartlett, 
living at Beer in Devonshire. She was then in her 88th year. I 
give them word for word as they were repeated to me. 


" In time of old, the Scripture did foretell. 
There lived a one, who never offend the Lord ; 
The truth she spake, and never a sin commit ; 
Yet, in Christ's kingdom, she shall never sit." 


•* Two brothers we are. 
Great burdens we bear, 
We are full all the day. 
And empty when thou go to rest.*' 


** In the middle of the world there grew a tree. 
Fifty-two branches beared he, 
Every one beared seven. 
And crowned by the King of Heaven." 

80. Bedd of Worsted. (III. xvii. 28.) — I suggest that 
this is the measure or quantity now known as a '' pad," of which 
a full description is given in the Wes^ Somerset Word Book, p. 553. 
The present widening of the vowel is in strict accordance with 
common practice. Bread is usually pronounced brad by those 
who do not call it bratd, 

I think that bedd of tymbre, cannot mean a measure, but 
some technical part, usually the bottom, as a new bed to a wagon 
or a cider-press. Occasionally the term bed is used for bay or 
pool, in building, as " a bed of joists.*' 

F. T. Elworthy. 

8o Somerut S» Dorut Notes S» Queries, 

8i. Daubrnet Family. (I. viii. 340, 341 ; II. ix. 4 ; III. 

xvii. 13.) — In the article on the above family at the last reference 
(/>. March, 1892, p. 18), the word genggie in line 19 should be 
grugge {i.€. grudge). 


82. George and John Penne. (III. xvii. 31.)— Can 
either of these be the " Mr. Penne " Macaulay hastily took for 
William Penn, in connection with the Maids of Honour and the 
Maids of Taunton ? 

Theodore Compton. 

83. Local Placb-Names, Dorset and Somerset. (III. 
xvii. 43.) — Spargrove is in Batcombe, and Stoford in Berwick, 
near Yeovil. Mr. H. T. Baker informs me that Upsyll Linge 
probably stands for Up Sydling, and that Huntleford is in Gilling- 

Editor for Somerset. 

84. The Nortons of Abbots' Leigh, and the Lanes 
OF Bentley. — Mrs. Norton, the wife of George Norton, of 
Abbots' Leigh, is spoken of, variously, as the sister, cousin, 
kinswoman, or friend of Jane Lane, who took King Charles II to 
this lady's house in the disguise of a servant. I have not been 
able, as yet, to decide what, if any relationship existed between 
these ladies. Can this question be solved ? 

Charles Penruddocke. 

85. William Ray. Junior (II. xiv. 190.) — Bom 7th 
July, 1707, at Limington, Somerset, was admitted Scholar of 
Winchester College (12th on the list) in 1720, and left probably 
in 1723. It is stated by Mr. Kirby in the Register of Winchester 
Scholars, that he went to "C.C.C. Oxford, B.A. 1729," but this is 
probably incorrect, as his name is not to be found either in 
Foster's Alumni Oxonienses, or in the List of Oxford Graduates. 

c. w. holgate. 

86. Thomas Godwyn, Bishop of Bath and Wells. 
(III. xvii. 47.) — Thomas Godwyn was sth Dean of Ch. Ch. (1565). 
In Rev. A. Clark's Register, part iv., p. 197, is a Thomas Godwyn 
of Ch. Ch., who seems (see A.C., i. 72) to have been his son. 
Perhaps also some of the other Godwyns mentioned in A.C.'s 
Index, (part iv, p. 197) may be relatives. 

W. Warner. 


Somsrsit S* Dorut Notts S» Qu$ri$$. 8x 

87. St. Eligius (III. xviii. 49.) — ^The illustration which 
accompanies this part of S. 6f D, N.& Q. represents the Wincan- 
ton group mentioned in the article at the above reference ; for 
the excellent negative, from which the collotype was taken, we 
have to thank the Rev. H. J. Poole, Rector of Stowell, Somerset. 

The Editors. 

88. Calb or Cawle Weston; Dune's Weston; and 
Stalbridgb Weston, in the Parish of Stalbridge, Dor- 
set. — ^The following information, derived mainlj from unpublished 
family documents, supplements the account given in the revised 
edition of Hutch ins' Dorset of the above-mentioned places. 

There still remain, undoubtedly, several points worth clearing 
up in connection with the various ancient manors and tenures in 
the parish of Stalbridge. 

I. Cale, Cawle or Callew Weston. 

Radulphus le Calewe held land in Dune's Weston (which we 
shall see was probably the same as Cale Weston) in the reign of 
Henry HI., and his descendants did so after him. 

In the Sherborne Cartulary, tempore Ed. I. (ori^nal in the 
British Museum) Caul Weston is stated to be held m capite of 
the Abbot of Sherborne. 

In a deed of October 20th, 4th Henry IV., the Manor of Cale 
Weston was stated to be in the possession of Hugh Weston and 
Amicia his wife. (I have the original, and it is mentioned in 

At the Inquisitio post mortem of John Weston, Oct. 16, 17th 
Edward IV., it was stated that he held the manor of Cale Weston 
in fee of John Carant of Tomer, paying 8d. a year. (Original Inq. 
p. m. in Record Office). 

By a Rental of the Manor of Cawle Weston in 18th Henry 
VII (Hugh Weston, lord of the manor) it appears that the manor 
and lands were held both of the Abbey of Sherborne and of the 
Lord of Tomer, paying 6s. 8d. a vear to the former and a pair of 
white gloves, as chiefage (cheirgh) or chief rent, to the latter. 

At a Court of the Manor of Callew Weston, held by Master 
John Meere, Abbot of Sherborne, in the 7th and 8th of Henry 
VIII, Hugh Weston was described as freehold tenant (liber tenens) 
of Cale Weston, holding of Sherborne Abbey. 

But at the Inquisitio post mortem (original in Record Office) 
of the said Hugh Weston on June 2nd, i6ih Henry VIII, it was 
stated that he held the manor of Calew Weston of William Carant, 
Esq., as of his manor of Tomer, paying one pair of gloves or id. 
a year. 

And at the Inquisitio post mortem of Sir William Weston, 
Knt., on Sept. 27, 1595, it was stated that he held the manor of 
Callew Weston in free socage of Duke Brooke, Esq., of Temple- 


Sa Somerset &» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 

c\)inbe, deceased, as of the manor of Weston {t,e. Stalbn'dge Wes- 
ton, This Duke Brooke had acquired the rights of the dissolved 
Abbey of Sherborne over Stalbridge Weston, as is shown below. 

The fact appears to be that while the Westons held the manor 
as freehold tenants of Sherborne Abbey, there was a chief rent 
payable to the overlords, viz., the family of Carent of Tomer. The 
manor of Henstridge, of which Tomer originally formed part, had 
been in the hands of the Crown and the Duchy of Lancaster and 
other powerful grantees, and it is probable that it carried with it 
an overlordship or fee of Callew Weston ; hence the chief rent. 

There is no doubt that Cale or Callew Weston was an inde* 
pendent manor. Besides the deeds quoted above, it is mentioned 
as a manor in two grants of the manor in trust, dated 8th Henry 
VI., and 6th Hen. VHI.. in a Court Roll of 9th and 12th Hen. 
Vn., and in a Rental of Hugh Weston (date torn off). 

However, in 1607 Mr. Duke Brook, then lord of the manor 
of Stalbridge Weston, set up a claim that Calew Weston was a 
manor dependent on his manor of Stalbridge Weston and that it 
wa** subject to a yearly rent of los. Mr. Weston denied the claim, 
and maintained that this payment of los. was made for an ancient 
oflSce called the Pittensarye {ue. Pittanceri or almsgiver) of the 
Abbey of Sherborne, and not in any sense as a chief rent. And 
from an old receipt of October 23rd, 4th and sth of Philip and 
Mary, still extant, it is shown that Hugh Weston then paid los. 
at the Feast of St. Michael to Richard Duke, Esq., ** to a certain 
office called the Pittensarye in the late Monasterie of Sherborne 
which Richard Duke purchased," which confirms Mr. Weston's 

I also find in the Rental of i8th Henry VH. that the payment 
of I OS. to the Pittensarye was for lands in the manor of Newnham, 
in Stalbridge, which quite dissociates it from Callew AVeston. 

These documents were brought before the Commissioners 
anpointed to settle the dispute in 1607, amongst whom were Ralph 
Ho^y. and Randulph Baron, but the result of their deliberations 
Jus not been handed down to us. 

A^cain in 16 11-12 we find an entry in a Court Roll of the 
TnaiK^* ^^f ^^^^"^8^® ^®^*^^' of Thomas Weston, Esq., as Liber 
•p^^.^^ freehold tenant) for the capital messuage of Cawle Weston, 
>,!?; *^v* auide default in his attendance, so he probably declined to 
*.*tr . ; Ve tenancy. 

Ct ^'* Weston remained in the Weston family until the year 
v^C^:><?^ i^ ^as sold (with Rimple's) to Mr. Peter Walter, not 
n- ^ >^jLnl Walter, as stated by Hutchins. 

2. Dune's Weston. 
''^^ N name only occurs in deeds of Henry HI. and Edward I. 
•%, ^ ^ rtini< evidence shows that it was probably an early name 
. vi Weston. 

Sonurstt 6« Dorset Notes 6« Qmries. 83 

On a deed of 25th Edward I., in which John le Calew granted 
all his lands in Dune's Weston with * woods conimons and wajs * 
to his brother, are two endorsenients. 

The first, dated the 8th Henry VIIL, records an agreement 
between the Abbot of Sherborne and Hugh Weston that thej 
would equally share the woods and pasture upon the 'hold waj' 
(f>. old way) and other ways adjoining to Calew Weston. A simi- 
lar agreement is recorded in the Court Roll of 7th and Sth Henry 
VII before quoted, in which the way is called 'Eldeway' (i>. old 

The second endorsement, in a 17th century hand, recapitu- 
lates the agreement, speaking of ' the old waye.' 

In the dispute of 1607 these documents were quoted, and it 
was mentioned that "the plott of common ground called the old 
waye was .... almost adjoyninge to Mr. Weston's back- 
side/' f .^., at the back of his house. In the next sentence "Mr. 
Weston's mansion house and demesnes of Calew Weston " are 

The outline of the foundations of this house can still be seen 
in the shape of the letter E in a comer of the great park at Stal- 

This ' old wav,' therefore, manifestly lay in Callew Weston, 
and, as by the endorsement on the back of the grant of Edward 
I. it is pretty clear that it was in Dune's Weston, forming part of 
the 'ways and commons' there mentioned, the inference is very 
strong that Dune's Weston and Callew Weston were the same 
place, the latter name prevailing after the Le Calewes had settled 
there for some time. 

This identification of names may help, so far as it goes, to 
confirm the view given in the revised edition of Hutchins that the 
Le Calewes and the Westons of Callew Weston were the same 

3. Stalbridge Weston. 

This manor was quite distinct from that of Calew Weston. 
Until the Dissolution it was held by Sherborne Abbey. At the 
Dissolution Henry VIH. disposed of it to Watson and Twynny- 
hoo, who resold it to Richard Duke of London, from whom it 
descended to Duke Brook and Charles Brook of Templecombe. 
However, in 1573-4 we find Gregory Sprinte and Christian his wife 

holding a Court of the Manor. Christian Sprinte was 

the daughter and co-heiress of Richard Duke, Esqre. 
In 1594 the Manor was held by Duke Brooke. 
In 1606 Christian Sprinte, Charles Brooke, Sir Wm. Freke and 

others held a Court of the Manor. 
In 1607 the Manor was held by Duke Brooke. 
In 1 610 Robert, Earl of Salisbury, held a Court. 
In 161 1 the Earl granted the Manor to George Thornhill, Esq. 

S^ Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries* 

The manor was stated to be lately the propertj of Charles 
Brook» Esq., deceased, and the title to be good against Duke and 
Charles Brook and Richard Duke, all deceased. 

On November 24th, 1686, Robert Thornhill of Woolland, 
Dorset, Esq., sold the manor, demesne, and lands of Thornhill* 
and •«// his other lands in Stalbridge^ to Wm. Pynsent of Urchfont, 
Wilts, Esq., for ;f6,3oo, "The lands to be held of the high and 
chief Lord of the fee by the rents and services due and accustomed.** 

Whether or no the " other lands in Stalbridge " included 
Stalbridge Weston, it is certain that the manor of Stalbridge 
Weston passed away from the Thomhills, for in 1703 we find 
William Whitchurch, Esq., holding a Court of the manor of Stal* 
bridge Weston. 

The Court Rolls and title deeds of the manor of Stalbridge 
Weston fell at some time into the hands of the family of Weston 
of Callew Weston. The only transaction which in the least helps 
to account for this is that on November 17th, 1702, Sir William 
Pynsent of Urchfont, Wilts, Baronet, sold Locketts and other land 
in Thornhill, part of the Thornhill estate in Stalbridge, with all 
rights, etc., to the Weston family, in connection with a marriage 
between William Weston, junior, and Betty daughter of Charles 
Brune of Plumber. It is just possible that the old deeds of the 
manor of Stalbridge Weston changed hands at the same time, but 
this requires further confirmation. 

The deeds quoted are in my possession except where other- 
wise stated. 

4. The family division of the Weston estates in Stalbridge 
between the three sisters, the last of the Weston family, is not 
quite correctly given by Hutchins. 

It took place by lot in 1792, some years after the death of 
Thomas Weston in 1767, the last male of the race. 

Newnhams or Ryall farm (they are the same) fell to the Hel- 
yars and remains in that family. Hargrove and Locketts fell to 
the Greenings and were afterwards sold. The third portion was 
Frith house and lands, which fell to Mr. Isaac (afterwards Colonel 
Isaac) representing the Wrights, and it was also afterwards sold. 


89. Gborob Lisle of Compton D'urvillb. — Probably 
most readers of the history of the Great Rebellion in the r7th 
century have at times felt difficulty in identifying the personality 
of some one or more of those who then came to the front. 

When almost every man of position had to take one side or 
the other; when friend often found himself arrayed against 
friend, — cousin against cousin, — brother against brother, it is no 
wonder if even the most careful investigators now and then lose 
themselves in a mist which succeeds, for a time at least, in 
checking further progress. 

Sonurset S» Dcrsit Notes S» Quiriis. 85 

In one of the most attractive and reliable modern books on 
matters connected with the Civil war, **A Lifi of the Gnat Lord 
Fairfax^* by Mr. Clements Markham,* we find an instance of 
of this uncertainty. At page 214 we read that Sir George Lisle, 
(one of the sufferers at Colchester after the short rebellion 
against the Commonwealth Government in 1648,) was "the son 
of Cave Lisle, Esq., of Compton Darvill [Uuroilli) in Somerset- 
shire." This, I fear, is a mistake, for which we cannot altogether 
blame the author who doubtless copied the assertion from an 
apparently reliable source. Indeed, in times not entirely recent, 
there seems to have been a considerable amount of error in 
biographical notices of this officer, which has been unfortunately 
perpetuated by successive writers.f 

That there waz a George Lisle, the son of Cave Lisle, Esq., 
of Compton D*urville (a small tything in the parish of South 
Petherton), admits of no manner of doubt. In proof of this we 
have but to consult the Lisle pedigree in the •* Heralds* Visitation 
of Somerset, 1623," whilst an inspection of the Parish Registers 
here reveals the following entries. 

1599, Dec. 15, Cave Liile, generosns. 

1621, Nov 12, Georgins Lisle, gent, et Margareta Ttaske, m. c. 

This lady is recorded in the Heralds* Visitation as ** Margaret, 
d. of Hen. Traske of Kingsburie (Episcopi) co. Som." 


1626, Tali) 29, Elizabetha filia Georgij Lisle, generosi. 

1628, Jtmij 20, Warrinns filitis et hs^es Georgij Lisle, generosi. 

1630, Martij 25, ffraundsca fiUa Georgij Lisle, gener. 

1632/3, Jamj 9, Phillippus filius Georgij Lisle, gener. 

163c, Julij 4, Golielmus filius Georgij et Margaretae Lisle, gener. 

1638, Nov. 13, Mana filia Georgij et Margaretae Lisle, gener. 

In Brown's " Somerset Wills,** 5th series, pa. 40, there are 
several Lisle wills ; amongst them that of George Lisle of Hasel- 
bury Plucknett, Somerset, gent., dated Deer 13th, 1653, wherein 
he names Philip and William Lisle, as well as his wife Margaret, 
This will was proved at Westminster, 13th Feb., 1653/4. by 
Margaret the wife, who was left residuary legatee. 

The Haselbury Registers do not go back to the above date, 

• Lond: 8vo. 1870. 

iEx. Or., David Lloyd, M.A., of Oriel College, Oxford, who wrote an 
account ot Sir Georee Lisle in his '* Memoir t of Ptrtorn who Buffered for their 
Loyalty, fe,** (published in 1668) states that he «ras a London Bookseller*i son, 
a description tnat has been largely and unhesitatingly Iquoted by subsequent 
biographers in the face of Anthony Wood's assertion that '* among knowing 
men" he (Uoyd) had ** obtained the character of a false Writer and meer 
Scribler, espeaally upon the publication of his Memoirs, wherein are almost as 
many Errors as Lmes." Athena Ed. 1 721, Vol II., Col. 884.) 

M Somerut S* Dorset Notes S» Querus, 

hm, in the Parish account books we find George Lisle appearing 
M a rate-payer in 1648, and so continuing yearly until 1653. 
Tlie 1654 rate is missing, leaves having been torn from the book. 
Ib the 1655 rate, George Lisle's name is missing. It is fair 
therefore to conclude that he had died in the interval ; moreover 
this date will be seen to tally with that of the Will. The sur- 
mame " Lisle " continues on the Haselbury rate book until 1688, 
when it finally disappears. 

These'circumstances, and the coincidence of the names of 
George Lisle's wife and children, go far, I think, to identify 
George Lisle of Compton with George Lisle of Haselbury, and 
if evidence can be adduced to prove that the true scent lies in 
another direction, we may dismiss from our minds any idea that 
he was the Royalist Officer who was executed in such hot hasie 
after the surrender of Colchester to Fairfax. 

The descent of our George Lisle, as I may call him, was a 
sufficiently distinguished one, as the following references will 

In Dr. Jackson Howard's ^'Miscellanea Geneahgica et 
Heraldica^^ 2nd series, Vol iv., No. I., pa. 1., an account of his 
family, and extracts from Wills referring to Cave Lisle and his son 
are given rather fully ; to these is appended a photolith of a 
monument in Walmer Church to the memory of William and 
Edmond Lisle, the uncles of George, a copy of the inscription on 
which I take the liberty of giving, as it affords interesting informa- 
tion concerning the family. 

In memorie of 'Willm. L*isle one of the Esq., for thebodie of Kinge 
James | of our royal Soveraigne Kinge Charles whose science in the artes 
I tovnges & antiquities the universitie of Cambridge and his bookes 
extant do | manifest as also of Edmond L'isle his brother sewer of the 
chamber to Qveene | Eliz., King James and ovr said soveraigne Kine 
Charles, having | been xxi yeares Capt. of Walmer Castle Hnially decended 
from the Lordes | De L'isle & Rovgemont ; & from Sir Jo : L'lsle one of 
the first fovnders of | the Ho : order of the Garter, & Robert his Sonne 
who gave vnto Kinge Ed : the third | Lxxxvi Knights feese as is recorded, 
k. from Warin Fitz-Grerold Chamberlain | to Kinge lohn & Isabel de 
Fortibus Covntes of Devon. The sayed William | departed this life in 
September 1637 & the saved Edmond the first of | October following, 
and are both heere interred leavinge Nichs : | L'isle their brother possessor 
of their antient inheritance of Wilbvrgham | L'isles in the Covnty of 
Cambridge who maried Mary one of ye coheires of Nichs. | Broke by 
Jane coheire of Thomas Colt of Essex Esqis. wch. Nichs. for the dve 
respect | hee bore vnto his said brothers cavsed this monvment to bee 
erected Anno 1637. 

Dr. Howard adds also abstracts of the wills of the above 
William and Edmond, together with the following "Funeral 
certificate of William Lisle, 1637." 

«• William Lisle of Great WUburgham Lisles in ye County of Cam- 
bridge. Esq., to the body of Kinj; James and Kine Charles, Died the 

day of September 1637 and Edmnnd Lisle his brother Sewer of the 
Chamber to Queene Elizabeth King James and King Charies and 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 87 

Captayne of Walmer Castell in Kent, died the first of October next 
followmg being both vnmarried, and leaving George Lisle sonne of Cane 
(tie) Lisle there elder brother of South Petherton in the countv of 
Somersett heire male of that house & Nicholas and Thomas Lisle 
their younger brothers surviving, which Nicholas and Thomas maried the 
two daughters and heires of Nicholas Brooke Sewer of ye Chamber to 
Queene Elizabeth by Jane on of ye coheires of Thomas Colt of Essex, &c. 
• • • • 

The said William and Edmund are buried at Walmer in the County 
of Kent, and a Monument of them there erected." 

At the death of William Lisle the Manor of Gna/e Wylhrum*' 
descended to his brother Edmund — ** by my father's will and 
Deedes w<^ I mean not to alter," as the Will dated 7th July, 1633, 
expresses it. 

By the will of Edmund, dated 13th Sept., 1637, ^^ leaves 
his " lands at Great Wilburghe to descend according to my 
father's Will, &c., my lands at Little Wibburgham {sic) to my 
brother Thomas Lisle and after his death to his son my nephew 
Nicholas Lisle and to the heires male of his body remainder to 
my nephew George Lisle and his heires; 

The arms on the Walmer Monument quarter those of Dau- 
beney, and accordingly we find in the pedigree of the latter 
family that Avicia, coheir to her mother Alicia, 3rd wife of Sir 
Giles Daubeney, (I. viii. 340.) was married, secondly, to a 
John Lisle. 

Cave Lisle, " there elder brother," was probably a man of 
some substance and position, but nothing certain seems known of 
him beyond what has been given. It is not wholly improbable 
that his son George may have been a sufferer in the Civil war. 
We know that there were two George Lisles in the King's Army in 
1640, viz., Capt, George Lisle in Lord Grandison's regiment, and 
Quatlemiaster George Lisle attached to Sir William Ogle's regi- 
ment, in the Earl of Northumberland's ill-fated Northern 
Expedition, in that year*. One of these was undoubtedly the 
future hero of Newbury, who having been Knighted for his 
services there, afterwards commanded a " Tertia " at Naseby in 
which battle he was woundedf; the other was perhaps the 
Captain ** Lile " who served in Col. Broughton's regiment and 
was taken prisoner in the same fight.J 

The sudden removal from Compton D'urville to Haselbury, 
where George Lisle seems to have led a simple yeoman's life, 
would possibly warrant us in concluding that some misfortune 
had befallen his family. Such an event was but too common 

♦Peacock, The Army Zi$ts of Boundheadt and CavalUn, Lond. sm. 4to. 
1874. Appendix pp. 77 and 85. 

t Markham, Lift of Fairfax^ p. 214. 

J Peacock, op, cit, App., p. 98. 

88 Somnsit 6» Dorsst Notet &* Queriis. 

at this period ; I have not, however, been able to discover his 
name amongst the Royalist Compositions. 

At all events I think I have adduced evidence sufficient to 
prove that he could not have been the Sir George Lisle of Col- 
chester, and it is satisfactory to know that through the researches 
of Mr. Walter Money, the historian of Newbury, and Mr. C. H. 
Firth of Oxford, the identity of that distinguished officer has 
been fully established; to feel moreover that former mistakes 
concerning him will not be handed down to posterity in the 
columns of the " Dictionary of National Biography y 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

Whilst the above article was passing through the press, the writer learnt (by 
the courtesy of the Rev. G. A. Caley. Vicar of Haselbury,i that George Lisle's 
annual rate amounted to ^i 7s., a sum considerably in advance of th^t of any 
other contributor. 

90. Prior Hknton's Chantry in Bruton Church. — 
We are indebted to the Right Reverend Bishop Hobhouse for very 
kindly placing at our disposal the following extremely interesting 
extract from the Register of Bishop Bekynton (Folio 240). 

It is a copy of a deed passed in chapter by the Prior and 
Convent of Bruton, registered at their request in the Diocesan and 
Chapter Registers. It begins in the name of Prior Henton, 
setting forth that his parents, John Henton, mercer, and Agnes 
(both living) had given to the Church at Bruton, which was both 
conventual and parochial (as was usual in the case of Augustinian 
Monasteries) a big bell and ;^40o towards the fabric of the church 
and the claustrum^ beside other great benefactions. The Prior 
and Convent therefore receive the said John and Agnes and their 
offspring into the Brotherhood of the House, with partnership in 
all divine offices and intercessions /r» bono statu during life, and 
after death pro salute animarum. 

Further the Prior himself assigns a rent of iocs, out of 
Stoneaston Manor to maintain a continual Mass for himself and 
his parents after death, to be celebrated by a confrater at St. 
Aldhelm's Altar in the nave of the church : and also to maintain 
five wax candles in the chapel of St. Laurence the Martyr in the 
same church. 

Aldhelm is said to have founded a church dedicated to St. 
Peter at Briwetune, in Somerset, and on his return from his visit 
to Rome, in a.d. 688, he is said by William of Malmesbury to 
have presented to it a very valuable altar slab, which he brought 
back with him from Rome, and which was still in existence at 
Bruton in the 12th Century. It is more than probable that this 
altar slab made the altar of St. Aldhelm one of the sacred spots of. 
the church, and that this was the cause of its selection by the 
Prior for his chantry.* 

* See Life efSt. Aldhsim by Canon W. H. Jones, pp. 19, 24. 

Sowtirut S» Dorsii Natss S» Quirus. 89 

Bishop Hobhonse remarks in some notes on the following 
docnment that the large benefaction of Prior Henton's father, 
more than ;^5ooo of onr money, almost answers the qaestion 

" How was Bruton Tower built ? " 
He adds ** we have got a clue to the soorces of the bounty, which 
bnilt our Parish Churches. There is very littleevidence in support 
of the common and natural idea that the Religious Houses were 
large contributors. There is much evidence of their shortcomings 
even in the maintenance of chancels where they were legally 
obliged, and that it was the laity who by large and small gifts 
supplied the funds, spurred no doubt by the clergy, but still more 
by the desire of permanent spiritual benefit." 

We may add that here, in this County of Somerset, the chief 
church-builders from 1450—1550 were those who were engaged in 
the cloth trade, which was at that time one of the chief sources 
of wealth. 

The Religious Houses, as we are told by Dr. Jessopp, spared 
no pains or money to make their own Monastic Churches splendid; 
it was the parish churches which they neglected, although in so 
many cases they were the Rectors of them; in the case of Bruton, 
as has been stated above, the Conventual Church was also the 
Parish Church ; the Canons using the Chancel for their services, 
and the Parishioners the Nave. 


Universis Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis 

Joannes Henton, Prior conventualis ecclesie et Prioratus 

B. M. de Bruton, et ejusdem loci conventus Cum dilectus 

nobis in Christo Joannes Henton, mercer, et Agnes, uxor ejus, 
parentes mei, J. H. Prioris, volentes et summe afifectantes de et 
cum bonis suis temporalibus etema comparare, ad honorem 
Domini nostri Jesu Christi, et augmentum Divini cultus, nobis 
et ecclesie conventuali unam magnam campanam atque ad 
fabricam ecclesie conventualis et claustri prioratus sum mam CCCC 
libras contulerunt nonnullaque immensa beneficia nobis et 
prioratui fecerunt. Nos J. H. Prior et Conventus ad consider- 
ationem hujus beneficii oculos reducentes, prefatum J. H. mercer, 
et uxorem suam necnon utriusque eorum proles. . • .unanimiter in 
domo nostro capitulari in fratemitatem dicte ecclesie et Prioratus 
suscipimus, concessimusque eosdem J. H. &c. missarum et 
divinorum officiorum infra Prioratum celebrandorum, necnon 
orationum, jejuniorum,eIeemosynarum,ceterorumque suffragiorum 
et pietatis operum quomodolibet fiendorum participes esse. 

Insuper, Ego J. H. Prior, paucitatem victus et sustentadonis 
conventus predicti, patemo animo compatiens, in subsidium et 
relevamen dicti conventus, et ut idem conventus pro bono statu 
mei et parentum quam diu in hac vita egerimus, ac cum ab hac 

90 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

luce subtracti fuerimus, pro animabus nostris ad Deum preces 
effundere excitentur, de consensu conventus Dedi et Concessi pro 
me et successoribus meis in perpetuum eidem conventui annualem 
pensionem C Solidorum de manerio de Stony Eston 

£t nos J. H. Prior et conventus, nos et successores nostros 
obligamus in x libris legalis monete Domino Bath, et Well. 
Episcopo et successoribus ejus, quotiens summa predicta minime 
persoluta fuerit. 

Statui et ordinavi etiam Ego J. H. cum unanimi consensu 
conventus quod idem conventus singulisper annum (die parasceue* 
excepto) faciet per unum confratrem ad altare sancti Aldelmi in 
navi ecclesie conventualis missam pro bono statu mei et parentum 
meorum, necnon benefactorum Prioratus viventium quamdiu in 
humanis egerimus, et post mortem pro animabus nostris, celebrari, 
necnon exequias mortuorum cum ix lectionibus ; quodque misse 
et exequie per confratres sacerdotes conventus septimanatim 
currentur et cursorie celebrentur. [Details of remuneration and 
of service.] 

There are further details of the obituary service afterthe Prior's 
death ; 20s. to be shared among the Canons present. 6s. 8d* by 
the poor, out of the 1 00s. rent-charge, with fees to sacrist and clerk 
of the Conventual Church. The balance of the iocs, to go to the 
'ornamental of St. Aldhelm's Altar and lights, and to maintain five 
'cerei* in the -chapel of St. Laurence the Martyr in the Conventual 

In quorum testimonium Nos J. H. et Conventus noster 
capitulariter congregatus, has literas nostras indentatas et tripartitas 
sigillo nostro communiri fecimus, una parte in archivis Domini 
PAtris Bath, et Well. Episcopi deponenda, una in archivis 
Ecclesie Cathedralis Wellensis, una in archivis nostris. Datum 
in capitulo nostro vicesimo sexto die Aprilis Anno Domini 

Followed by "Confirmatio Episcopi dicte Cantarie" sealed at 
Bjinwell manor, July x, 1459. 

Editor for Sombrsbt. 

91. The Porch of Handlby Church.— The Church of 
HMiUley is fully described in Shipp & Hodson's Edition of 
>;V^4i*r. By the exertions of the Vicar, Rev. T. F. Bigg, the 
fc\^ of it was repaired, and enlarged by the addition of a S. 
Vjsi^ in 1879. The Nave was lengthened by some 17 feet, and 
•^iV^ Towt^r, a massive structure, was taken down and re-built. 
•■^iA ^ork was carefully done, and I do not suppose that any 
.HS4»di v^baerver would notice that it had undergone this process, 
VH v>»:y that its window tracery and quoin stones were new. The 
K^MKfcci^ are obviously new, too. The weather-worn old ones 

* w-\ Gtx>d Fridav, 

Sonurut S* Dorset Notes <S* Queries. 91 

are used to mark the limits of the additional borying ground 
that was then obtained, being built on the coping of the boundary 
wall. Hutchins' last Editors however pay scanty attention to the 
interesting Porch of the Church. This, to be sure, has been 
removed from the S. wall of the Nave, to the S. wall of the new 
aisle, further west. The removal has been very scrupulously 
carried out. It is unmistakably Norman in character. The flat, 
shallow buttresses on the outside wall are proofs of this. These 
counteract the thrust of the ribs, a pair of which help to support 
the ponderous stone tiles of the roof. These ribs, like the rest of 
the Porch, are of stone. But a slight inclination to a pointed 
departure from the round in these ribs leads to the inference that 
the Porch dates from early Anglo-Norman times. In the apex of 
the wall above the doorway, on the outside, is a curious little 
Canopy pointed, and bespeaking, I should say, a later date than 
the work about it. This may be 8 feet long bv 6 feet wide,, 
and 3 feet deep. It has no slab at its base, as tnough it never 
supported a figure. The Stoup is worth notice. It is of unusual 
size, recessed into the S. wall in the ordinary place, and projecting 
considerably. The projecting portion rests on a section of a 
Norman cushion cap, and has a rather high rim. 

Talbot H. B. Baksr. 

ga. Dedications of Somerset Churches (III. xvii. 5.) — 
Since writing the above article, I have noted the following 
additional cases in which the modem dedication seems to be an 
erroneous one. The second column is from this year's Diocesan 

Parish, Dedication (D.K.) Dedication {i$$o) 

Aisholt All Saints St. Michael. 

Bagborough, W. Holy Trinity St. Prancard. 

Beercrocombe* St. James Holy Trinity. 

Huish Champflower* St. Peter SS. Peter and Paul. 

Uton St. Peter St. Paul. 

Middlezoy Holy Cross B.V.M. 

Timberscombe St. Michael & All Angels St. Petrock. 

Tolland* St. John the Baptist St. Leonard. 

Upton Noble St. Mary Magdalene St. Margaret. 

Walton (Street) Holy Trinity St. Nicholas. 

St. Prancard is a Somerset name for St. Pancras, and is par- 
ticularly interesting as it gives us the derivation of the local name 
Ptankerd, which is well-known in the county. It also confirms 
Mr. Warden Page's suggestion in S.dfD.IV. df Q. (II. xiii. 166). 

F. W. Weaver. 

* For these I have to thank Mr. A. J. Monday, of Taunton, an enthusias- 
tic investigator of the Wills at that district Registry. 

92 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

93. Bishop Berkeley's Tomb in Wells Cathedral. — 
The curious inscriptions on this tomb have been so often incorrectly 
printed that it may be worth while to publish the tnie version. 
They are not easy to read owing to the alterations which have 
been made in the lines since they were first cut. 

Round the margin : 




In the centre : 





In the original version the first couplet ran : 

" Spiritus erupto salvus Gilberte Novembre 

CsLTcerepfincipw en aethere Barkle crepat." 

In the second stanza there have also been various alterations, 
but tliese are merely corrections of the mason's mistakes. 

The first couplet is (as stated in the note appended to it) a 
chronogram, and gives correctly the year of the Bishop's death, 
1 581, whether read in the new or the old version. 

The second stanza also contains a chronogram in the two 
words, "Vixi luxi, " which give the number 83 placed against 
them in the margin in Arabic numerals. Presumably this was 
intended for the Bishop's age, though Cassan makes him only 80. 
According to Cassan he was bom 1501, succeeded 1559-60, died 
Nov. 2, 1581. 

Most of the letters are run with lead, but some of those having 
value in the chronograms are filled with a tawny coloured 
composition, still seen in the letters I, V and L in the first four 
words of the couplet. 

The word "Vixi" has the tawny colour in the X, but the 
filling has dropped out of the other three letters. 

How are these lines to be translated ? 

What examples are there of the metre used in the second 
stanza ? 

Edmund Buckle. 

[The metre of the second stanza is very common in the 
Hymnology of the Latin Church ; e,g. "Lucis Largitor Splendide," 
*' Aeteme Rerum Conditor," "Veni Creator Spiritus." 

Editor for Dorset.] 

SoMiTut S» Dorut Notes 6* Quiriis. 


94. Dorset administrations. — Continu€J.^{ll. iz. 10, 
X. 49, xi. 78, xii. 113, xiii. 150, xiv. 178, xv. 217, xvi. 242,III.xvii. 8., 
xviii. 57.) 

GtaatM 4 Balatioiitblp Data of 

Fuirii to DeooAMd. AdministntloB. 


Poole Rebecca, relict 3 Aug., 1621 

Preston Ursula, relict 12 Feb., 16 Jo 

Dorchester Elianore. relict 8 June, 162 1 
Died abroad Dorothy, relict (further 25 Aug., 162 1 

VoUo. NaiM of DeoMMd. 

135 Baker, Walter 
no Bent, Thomas 

126 Churchill, John 
135 Cotton* Richard 

120 Dell, John 

143 Gauntlett. Thomas 

127 Gaylcrd, Robert 
148 Hardy, John 

137 Holman, Morgan 
135 Lyne, Thomas 



118 Marten, Richard Weeke Regis 
115 Moone, Dionisius Bridport 
105 Moores, Robert Wymbome 
147 Panckerstal'sSymes see Symes 

139 Reade, William East Stower 

147 Symes al*s Pank- Poorestocke 

herst, Elisabeth 
104 Walden, John Blozworth 

grant May, 1622) 
Joseph, son it May, 162 1 

Jane, rehct 24 Oct., 162 1 

Dorothy, relict 16 Tune, 1621 

John, son, gent., ofTrinity 27 Kov., 1621 

College, Oxford 

(former grant May, 

Alice, relict 14 Sep., 162 1 

Catherine, relict, pending 11 Aug., 162 1 

suit between said 

Catherine and Henry 

Lyne. brother of de- 

Alice, relict 17 ApL, 162 1 

Walter, son i Mch., 1620 

Elizabeth Moores al's 27 Jan., 1620 

Goodfellowe, sister 

Mary, relict 17 Oct., 1621 

Edmund Symes, husband 16 Nov., 162 1 

Thomas, son 

205 Ashley, Sir Henry, Upwymbome Henry, son 

■ ' Blanford 


165 Bastard, Joan 
187 Carewe, Anthony 
177 Cotton, Richard 

Martha Bastard, sister 

8 Jan., 1620 

7 Not., 1622 

12 Feb., 162 1 


Died Abroad 

177 Cowringe, Thomas Wareham 

202 Hardy, Edmund 

189 Lyne, Thomas 

177 Mayor, Dorothy 
204 Orcnard, John 
193 Pitt, Sidrac 






Alexander HoUocke, 10 July, 1622 

•' nepoti ex sorore " 
Cecilia Cotton al'sjoliffe. 28 May, 1622 

sister, Dorothy, relict 

not having twly ad* 

ministered (former 

grant Aug., 162 1) 
John Harbvn and Elea- 22 May, 1622 

nor Harbyn al's Cow- 
ringe, his wife, sister 

of deceased 
John, son 

Catherine Gibbon 

Lyne, relict 
Richard, husband 
John, next of kin 
Elizabeth, relict 

8 Oct., 1622 

al*s 17 July, 1622 

20 May, 1622 
8 Nov., 1622 
4 Aug., 1622 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

Folio. Name of Deceased. Pariah. 

201 Pitt, William Strough- 

187 Speringeal'sWyatt, Dorchester 

163 Stanter, Edith, Phitzpaine 

widow Ockford 

198 Sugar, Richard Sherborne 

177 Woodroflfe, Anthony Lyme Regis 
187 Wyattal'sSperinge, see Speringe 



54 Bennet, John Simondsbury Catherine, relict 

1 1 Brickhill, Gilbert Poole Margaret, relict 

23 Chenerill,Christopher Over Moyne Avice, relict 

Qrantee ft Belatioiiahip 

to Deceased. 
Grace, relict 

William Speiinge, hus- 
Charles, son 

Grace, relict 

Susanna Yiaey, mother 

Date of 

3 Sep., 1622 

10 July, 1622 

6 Feb., 1621 

9 Sep., 1622 
12 Mch.,1621 

25 Clavell, John 

4 Every, John 
39 Greene, John 

16 Jourdayne, John 
16 Maber, William 
66 Norris. Richard 

19 Paviott, John 
49 Russell, Joan 

4 Smith, Walter 

Wotton John, son 

Simoudesburie Barbara, relict 

St. Tames. 
Lvme Regis 
Lyme Regis 



Margaret, relict 

Tone Viney, nest of Idn 

Elianore, relict 

Edward Copplestone and 
Elizabeth his wife, 
daughter of deceased 

Philippa, relict 

Robeit, son 

20 Oct., 1623 

23 Feb., 1622 
o May, 1623 

29 May, 1623 

24 Jan., 1622 
20 July, 1623 

3 Mch., 1622 
26 Mch., 1622 
12 Dec., 1623 

16 Apl., 1623 
27 Sep., 1623 

49 Stoughton, Thomas Wymbome 

33 Turner, William 
39 Waterman, John 

74 Barnes, William 

86 Bowdich, George 
80 Coles, John 
96 Dawe, £lisha 

135 Dewey, John 
105 Evans, John 

1 16 Foy, John 
128 Gregory, Arthur 
93 Hardey, Hugh 

96 Hellier, Thomas 
73 Hendye, William 

West Parley 

Richard Staple and 19 Jan., 1622 
Rebecca his wife, 
daughter of deceased. 
Joan, relict, not ad- 

Anthony, nephew. Dame 15 Sep., 1623 
Edith Horsey al's 
Stoughton, rehct, re- 

Alice, relict 16 June. 1623 

Agnes, relict 25 July, 1623 


Lyme Regis 
West Chd- 

Froome Qum- 

Lvme Regis 
Mayden New- 


Elizabeth, relict 

George, son 
Margaret, relict 
Susan, rdict 

Mary, relict 
Christian, relict 

Sibill, relict 
Christian, relict 
Agnes, relict 

Thomas, senior, father 
John Phepperd of Sand- 
wich, sayler 

24 Jan., 1623 

8 ApL, 1624 
26 Apl., 1624 

13 May, 1624 

20 Dec., 1624 
23 July, 1624 

16 Sep., 1624 

12 Nov., 1624 

6 May, 1624 

14 May, 1624 
29 Jan., 1623 

Sometset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 


Folio. Niutte of Deceued. Pariih. 

78 Iloikkens, Margaret Beamister 
1 10 Jones, David Sherborne 

85 KeyncU,Christopher Bclchalwell 
127 Minteme, Laurence Hermitage 
105 Se3rmour, Sir Robert Hanford 
127 Trendcr, Martin Wimbome 

73 Tntchinge, Edmund Lyme Regis 

Onuitee A ReUtiooihIp 

Joan Crabbe, •♦ neptis " 
Ann, relict 
Elizabeth, relict 
Mary, relict 
Jane, relict 

I)«i« of 


2 i-cb., 1623 

14 Aug., 1624 

31 Mob., 1623 

8 Nov., 1624 

26 July, 1624 

Roger, father ; during 29 Nov., 1624 

minority of Elizabeth, 

Mawdlen and Roger, 

children of deceased 
Elizabeth, relict 

157 Atwood, William 

172 Councell, WDiiam 
157 Crouch, William 

173 Dabynot, Thomas 
41 Daunceal'sLudlowe, 

145 Dole, Dorothy 
140 Flambert, Joan 

170 Fry, Thomas 


Motcombe Sarah, relict 
Stockland Agnes, relict 

Sutton Poynts Twin Parham, creditor 
Chardstocke Thomas, son 
see Ludlowe 

13 Jan., 1023 

9 Apl.. 1625 

I June, 1625 

30 Apl., 1625 

II June, 1625 


parish of 




Cecfly Stronge al's Dole 
Ambrose, brother 

19 Feb., 1624 
II Jan., 1624 

157 Greene, Jerome Gillingham 
39 Harbyn, William, Bradford 
junr. Peverell 

147 Hurst al's Huntley, Poole 

158 Jourdan, Anthony 

140 Lambert, John 
41 Ludlow al^l Daunce, 

152 Pitt, Robert 

162 Reeves, Edward 

140 Singleman al'sTuck* 
er, Richard 

and Mel- 
combe Regis 



Robert Odber. of Christ- 3 June, 1625 

church, CO. Southamp- 
ton, gent., "consoD- 

rinus." Revoked and 

fresh administration 

granted July, 1626 
Mary, relict 15 Apl., 1625 

John Cole, senr., of Pud- 17 Dec., 1625 

dletrenthide, gent., 

Theobald Turvile, sister, 27 Feb., 1624 

renounced and fresh 

administration granted 

June, 1629 
Friswell, relict 26 Apl., 1625 

Christian, sister 

Anne Stanley, widow, 

Elizabeth, relict 


Wimbome Mary Dackombe. sister 




32 Somers, Mathew Upway 

Margaret Downe al's 
Singleman al'sTucker, 
widow, daughter 

Thomas Hayne of East 
Lullworth, arm ; 
creditor. Revoked, 
fresh grant July, 1631 

13 Jan., 1624 
31 Dec, 1625 

I Mch., 1624 

26 May. 1625 

14 Jan., 1624 
23 Nov., 1625 

96 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S^ Queries. 

OrantM ft BdAtioiiBhip Date of 

folio. Name of DeoMaad Parish. to Doeaaaod. Adminiatratioii. 

140 Tucker al*s Single- see Singleman 

man, Richard 
137 Windowe, John Shapwidc George Russell, husband 10 Jan., 1624 

of Catherine Russell 
al*s Windowe, 
deceased, relict and 
administratrix of John 
Windowe ; former 
grant Nov., 1607 

Geo. S. Fry. 
{To de continued,) 

95. CoLiAS Edusa. (Clouded Yellow Butterfly).— This 
beautiful insect has been ** selected for observation ** by economic 
entomologists, ** from its intermittent appearance probably throw- 
ing light on the cause of other visitations of a more serious 
nature." The first time I saw an Edusa here, was on May 24, 
1873. I mentioned the fact to a clerical friend, who had lived 
nearly all his life in Dorset, and given some attention to this 
branch of natural history ; and he told me he had never seen an 
Edusa on the wing. On August i ith, 1876, 1 captured an Edusa 
not far from Horton Inn. In the same month it was also seen 
here, in the Rectory garden. In England *' the extraordinary 
outburst of Edusa was the great insect feature of 1877." That 
year the butterfly made its appearance in this village on the 5 th 
of June, and was common throughout the month. It was 
especially abundant in the field opposite Horton Inn, which I 
believe had been sown to clover in the previous year. Some of 
the specimens I captured were apparently fresh from the chrysalis. 
I left England on August 8th, and strange to say, did not see one 
Edusa, during the five weeks I was abroad ; not in France, in 
Switzerland, in the Black Forest, nor on the Rhine. On the 
field of Waterloo, Colias Hyale was to be seen in great 
profusion, but no Edusa. Solitary specimens of Edusa have 
appeared in this village most years, from 1877 to the present 
time. This yedn Edusa was, for the second time in my experience^ 
common. I noticed it at Blandford as early as the 25th of May, 
in this village from that day to the 17th of Tune, and on the 9U1 
of that month I saw it gaily careering along the ramparts of 
Maiden Castle. The second brood appeared here on the 3rd of 
August, and the butterfly was afterwards seen in greatly 
increased numbers. Of the white variety, Coltas Helice, specimens 
were taken here in September, 1877, in the Rectory meadow, 
and on September 8th, 1888, in the Rectory garden. To me it 
seems probable that some few of the species remain with us 
through every winter. They have been found during that season 
of the year, in the larva and pupa, as well as in the imago state. 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes 6» Queries. 97 

When such an outburst as that of 18^ occurs, it is very possible 
that the English-bred butterflies may have received a large 
accession to their numbers from abroad. Only the other day I 
came across the following paragraph in the Voyage of H.M.S. 
Beagle. " One evening," says Darwm, " when we were about ten 
miles from the bay of San Bias, vast numbers of butterflies, in 
bands or flocks, of countless myriads, extended as far as the eye 
could range. Even by the aid of a telescope, it was not possible 
to see the space free from butterflies. The seamen cried out ' it 
was snowing butterflies,' and such in fact was the appearance. 
More speciaie^s than one were present, but the main part belonged 
to a Idnd very similar to, but not identical with, the common 
English Colias Edusar 

J. H. Ward, Gutsage S. Michael. 

96. DosiTHBUS Wyer. (I. viii. 371, II. XV. 223.) — It mar 
be of interest to note how this curious Christian name arose, it 
is the name of a monk, who is commemorated on Feb. 23, (see 
Baring-Gould's Lives of the Saints.) He lived circa A.D. 530. 
We are not told to wnat country he belonged ; but a long and 
amusing conversation, which he had with St. Dorotheus, will be 
found at the above reference : the latter, however, if he is the 
Bishop of Tyre who is commemorated on Jnne 5, could not 
have met the former Saint, as he flourished A.D. 362. 


97. BuRLAND, Name and Place. — i. Burland of Steyning. 
I sh^l be much obliged for any particulars of members of this 
family, or for genealogical notes concerning them before 1800, or 
for any instances of the name in Somerset. I am already acquainted 
with the pedigrees in Collison's Somerset and Hutchins Dorut^ 
and with all the other information to be found in those books. 

[In the Stoke-Courcy Churchwardens' Accounts penes Sir A. 
Acland-Hood, 1502- 1547, ^^ name Burlond frequently occurs. 
William B. was churchwarden 1 544-5 : they were then apparently 

Editor for Somerset.] 

2. Burland. Can any one tell me when this place disappeared 
from the map of Somersetshire, and what traces of it are left at 
the present day, either of name or building ? It appears in the 
map of Camden's Britannia^ 1 695 ; and in Speed's map ; and in 
another map {circa 1700) that I have. It lies about a mile south 
of Staple-Fitzpain, and about two miles south-east by east of 
Corfe, and about two miles due west of Ashill. 


98 Somimt & Dorut NoUs 6* Querns. 

98. Monumental Inscriptions in South Psthbrton 
Church. {Coniinued fnm III. xvm. 68.) — To the west of the 
Choir, underneath the tower, close to the Lectern, lie three slabs 
of blue lias which were removed from the chancel at its restoration 
in 1882-5. 

These bear respectively the following inscriptions. 


Here lieth the body of | Mrs. Jane Gill youngest danghter of the late 
Counsellor Bridge of Cossington in this County who | died 13 June 18 16 | 
aged Sixty five. 

Here also lieth the Body of | Stephen Bridge Surgeon of | this 
Town who I died July 15th 18 18 | aged Seventy one. 
The Bridge family seem to have come to South Petherton 
about the year 1738. They were people of position, connected 
with the Bridges of Weston Zoyland, concerning whom some 
reference is made in Roberts's Life of Monmouth, Vol. II, pa. 89. 
They have disappeared from the place within the past thirty-five 

Sacred | to the Memory of | Mrs. Susan Axe J the beloved wife of 
Mr. Samuel Axe | who died the 19th April 1836 aged 59 years. 

Also of Samuel Axe who | died March 30. 1851 in the 86th year of 
his age. 

Also of Mary Jones Sister | of the aboTe-named Samuel Axe \dio 
died June 20. 1845 aged 83». . 

Mrs. Axe was sister of Mr. John Baker Edmonds, Lord of 
the Manor, of whom hereafter. Mr. Axe was a member of an old 
Petherton family. In early life he was purser on board an East 
Indiaman. His father, a resident in London, was a friend of 
Lord Nelson's. 


(On a very much worn slab fast becoming illegible.) 

H I 
Arthurus Bury SS.T.P. 

Obijt ni Maij 
A««« CDomi. MDCCXm 
^^° iiEtat,XCI. 

Above this inscription is carved the escutcheon of Bury 
of Coleton in Chulmleigh, 

On a shield ermme, a bend engrailed charged with three fleurs de lys. 

In our Register of Burials we have 

1 713, Maij 6. Sep. Revdos Arthur Bury S.T.P. 

Short and unpretentious as is this epitaph, it originally 
marked the quiet resting place (immediately beneath the N.W. 
window of our chancel) of one of the most turbulent spirits of 
a turbulent age. 

Dr. Arthur Bury was Rector of Exeter Coll., Oxon, from 
which position, being a strong royalist, he was ousted by the 
Parliamentary Commissioners in 1648. 

* Some of these dates, being illegible, have been filled in from the Registers. 

Som$r5$t S» Dorsii Notis S» Qu$m$, 99 

In 1662, after the Restoration, he was speciaUv appointed 
one of the Rojal chaplains, and reinstated in all his honours and 
dignities bj the express command of King Charles II., '* notwith- 
standing any statute or custom thereof to the contrair, with which 
we are graciously pleased to dispense in his behalf ; ' but having 
subsequently offended the University authorities, both by word 
and deed, he was in 1690, after a stout resistance, again ejected by 
Dr. Jonathan Trelawney, then Bishop of Exeter and Visitor of 
Bury's College. 

An appeal against this proceeding was made to the King's 
Bench, and it was not finally decided in the Bishop's favour until 
Jan., 1695 ; after which some objectionable books of Buiy's were 
publicly burnt in the Schools' quadrangle. 

He then seems to have disappeared from public life, and to 
have died in obscurity at Compton D'urville, a hamlet of South 

No one appears to have known anything of his death or place 
of burial before the publication of some notes concerning him by 
the present writer, in the Western Antiquary for January, 1887. 
These notes were culled from various sources, such as Wood s 
Athena^ Boase's Registers of Exeter College^ Oxen, Walker's Suffer- 
ings of the Clergy, &c. Tney have since been ablv supplemented 
by an article in the Dictionary of National Biography by Mr. W. P. 
Courtney, and more especially by a memoir of his father, John 
Bury, in the Devonshire Notes and Gleanings, Vol. IV., pa. 65, 
from the pen of Mr. Winslow Jones of Exmouth ; to which 
authorities the readers of 5*. & D. N. & Q. are respectfully 

A life-size portrait in oil of Dr. Arthur Bury is still preserved 
in the Board room of the Corporation of the poor in Exeter, to 
which spot it was removed from the old Workhouse, where it 
formerly stood, as recorded by Dr, Oliver in his History of Exeter, 
2nd Ed., pa. 152. 

It is curious to learn from Mr. Winslow Jones's memoir that 
the arms carved, as above noted, on the gravestone in our 
church, were assumed without authority, there being no proof 
that Dr. Arthur Buiy was at all related to the Coleton family. 
His father, Canon John Bury, Vicar of Heavitree, was described 
on entering his name in the books of Corpus Christi Coll., whence 
he matriculated, as **plebeifilius,** and he is supposed to have been 
the son of John Berry of Tiverton, weaver, and Elizabeth 
(Thomas) his wife, who were married there Oct. 20th, 1579. 

Amongst the South Petherton Communion Plate are to be 
found a massive silver-gilt flagon and alms dish, presented in 
1716 by Dr. Bury's son Arthur, who was M.D. of Cambridge and 
a fellow of King's College, in that University. In Biowirs 

100 SofHirset S* Dorsit Notes &> Qutriis. 

Somersei Wills, 4th Series, pa. 26, we find an administration of the 
effects of Jane Southcott of Orchard, Somerset, spinster, granted to 
her mother Mary Bury, wife of Arthur Bury, D.D., who was 
doubtless the subject of the following entry in our Registers. 
17 14, Jmuj 8, Sep. Maria Bury. 

Hugh No&ris, South Petherton. 
{To be conlinued.) 

99. Siege of Woodhouse.— The following letter is copied 
by leave of the Vicar from the Parish .Register of Weston by Bath. 

Reverend Sr., 
In July laste the seige was Against Woodhouse a seat in the 
pish of Horningsham in the county of Wilts at which siege Henry 
Cotton and William Gifford of Weston were slain. Henry Cotton 
was buried the xi of July William Gifford the 17th of July by mee 
in the Church yeard att Mayden Bradley. I understood at the 
buriall of Gifford that they had some estate in your parish therefore 
I certify this truly and Greete you. 

Ffran: Bacon. 
March 31, 1645. 
Woodhouse, which belonged to the Arundels of Wardour, 
was besieged and taken by the Parliamentarians, and re-taken by 
the Royalists. The present Woodhouse, now a farm house, was 
built on a different spot after the war by the Arundels. It is close 
to Longleat Park ; so is Horningsham. 

Archer Thompson. 

100. The Winsham Painting. — ^The very interesting 
painting at Winsham, figured in the 1 89 1 Proceedings of the 
Somerset Archaeological Society, has been spoken of as probably 
unique in the position it formerly occupied over the chancel screen. 
Mr. El worthy has found sufficient proof that it was not originally 
intended for that position. I have no wish to controvert the 
inference that the painting may possibly have belonged to Ford 
Abbey before being adapted to its present use. That use is 
either (i) as a substitute for the Rood, or (2) as an addition to it 
in the eastern arch of the central tower while the Rood itself stood 
at the western. Without discussing this alternative, it may be 
useful to remind those interested in our Somerset antiquities that 
a painting of the crucifixion, occupying such a position, is not 
absolutely unique. There is a very interesting and well-known 
contemporary parallel in the church of St. Mary of the Angels at 
Lugano, in Switzerland. In the year 1530 the great artist Luini 
painted a magnificent fresco of the crucifixion, surrounded by the 
other scenes of the Passion, on a large plaster screen above the low 
arches separating the nave and chancel of the above-named 
church. Did this in any way suggest the arrangement at Winsham? 


Somerut 6* Dorut Notes 6- Quifus, xoi 

loi. Willis — Drury. — Humphrey Willis, {ob. 21 Oct., 16 18,) 
whose brass is in Wells Cathedral, married Martha Dmry. She 
married, secondly, her cousin, Thomas Popham of Huntworth, 
in N. Petherton. What was the exact relationship between them ? 
Humphrey and Martha Willis had two sons, Humphrey and Walter; 
what became of them ? Who was William Bellamy, mentioned in 
Martha's will (proved 9 Nov., 1654,) ^ "niy ^^tc brother in law"? 
Her stepson married a Bellamy. What were the arms of Humphrey 
Willis.^ He is called ' armiger * on his brass, but the arms which are 
there, are placed on a small scutcheon, within another. 

£. M. Church. 

102. Giles Grenr. (II. xv. 236, xvi. 247, III. xviii. 77.) — 
Possibly Weymouth registers might inform Mr. Pink as to the 
parentage of Giles Grene, M.P. for Corfe Castle in the Long 
parliament. This Giles Grene is almost sure to be the same as 
the Giles Greene, elected M.P. for Weymouth 18 las. I, and again 
I Charles I, viz: on Jan. 20, 1625(6). *And this Greene, being an 
owner of property in Weymouth,! may likely enough have been a 
native of the place. The name was an old one there, for 1 7 Ed. IV. 
J. Grene was one of the members. 

H. J. MouLB, Dorchester. 

103. Hell, as a Place-Name.— What is the real meaning 
of the place-name "Hell"? That, in the 17th century, it had 
anything to do with its present well-known sense of a gambling 
house, I doubt, to say the least of it. The apparently Puritan M.P., 
Giles Grene, would surely not be mixed up with anything of the 
sort, yet he was owner of a tenement in Weymouth " vocat : Hell," 
in Hell (now softened to Helen) Lane. But, besides, there was 
A.D. 1400, at Dorchester J a " placia vocata helle." As to the 
latter I have a guess, but hardly worth printing. 

H. J. MouLB, Dorchester. 

[According to Prof. Skeat,^^//is **from the Teutonic base Hal, 
to hide : so that the original sense is the hidden or unseen place.** 

Editor for Somerset.] 

104. Rogers of Cannington, Somerset.— Where is a 
pedigree of this family to be found ? I am particularly wanting 
some particulars of Hugh Rogers, eldest son of Sir Francis of Can- 
nington, who was knighted on the 28 Aug., 16 16. Hugh Rogers 
matriculated from Hart Hall, Oxford, on the 13th Oct., 1637, 

being then aged 15. [See Somersei Wills, 2nd S., 90.I 


• DeteriptiPi Catal: of Charier »y 4e., of Weymouth, ??• ^^7i "O, &c. 
t Hutchms' HitU of Doreei, 3rd. Edn., IL p. 434. 
X Trantactiont oftho Dorset Field Club, XI., p. 43. 

I02 Somerset S- Dorset Notes 6* Quertes. 

105. Jambs Ashe — Recorder of Bath and M.P. for Bath 
from 1645 till 1659. He is described as of Fifield, co. Wilts. 
Was he the James Ashe who signed theVist/a/ion of Somerset^ 1623, 
and who is therein said to be the son of William Ashe of South 
Petherton, Somerset? His Will was, I believe, proved Feb. 14, 
1672/3. W. D. Pink. 


the risk of repeating one or more queries before asked, I shall be 
obliged if correspondents of 5". &* D.N.&* Q., having better access 
than myself to local Books, will kindly supply genealogical 
particulars respecting any of the following. 

Robert Hunt — M.P. for Ilchester, 1640, till disabled in 
1644. He married Elizabeth, dau. of John Browne of Frampton, 
and died Feb. 20, 1679/80, aged 71. His parentage wanted. 

Thomas Hodges — M.P. for Ilchester, 1646, till decease. 
Was of Wedmore. Will proved July 3, 1649. 

William Carent — M.P. for Milbome Port, 1645, till 
secluded in 1648. Was of Toomer in Henstridge. Will proved 
July 18, 1666. 

Alexander Luttrell — M.P. for Minehead, 1640, till 
decease in 1642. Quere, if younger son of Thomas Luttrell of 
Dunster by Jane Popham. 

Thomas Hanham — M.P. for Minehead, 1642, till disabled 
in 1644. Was of Caundle, co. Dorset, aged 70 in 1645, when he 
was fined ;^968 Composition for his estate. 

George Searle — M.P. for Taunton, 1640-53, Mayor of 
Taunton in 1649. A strong Parliamentarian. 

John Palmer, M.D. — M.P. for Taunton, 1645-53. Master 
of All Souls, Oxford. — Survived the Restoration. 

Also dates of decease of 

Sir Henry Berkeley, of Yarlington, — M. P.. for Somerset, 

Thomas Grove, — M.P. for Milbome Port, 1645-48. Was of 
Fern House, Wilts, ancestor of the present Baronet. 

W. D. Pink. 

107. Fromb Free Church.— On Tuesday, the 15th April, 
18 17, the comer stone of the new Free Church, at Frome, 
[Christ Church], was laid by the Most Honourable the Marquess 
of Bath. 

The business of the day commenced with service at the 
Parish Church, where the Praj^ers were read by the Rev. J. Algar, 
Curate of Frome, after which a most excellent and appropriate 
sermon was preached by the Rev. Charles Phillott, A.M., Vicar, 
from I Kings viii. 13, 27, 57, 60. After the sermon a collection 
was made, which amounted to £^i i8s. 9d. 

Somerui 6* Dorui NoUs &» Qmms. 103 

The order of the procession, as it left the church after the 
service, which is taken from the SAerbcrm JoumaU 25th April, 
1817, is remarkable for its elaboration. 

Four Constables. 

A Band of Music. 

Choir of Singers. 

A Man carrying a flag, bearing the Rojal Arms. 

The Churchwardens, with white Wands, carrymg each a Silver 

Chalice, with Wine and Oil. 

The Clerk, in bis gown, canring a bunch of Com, tied with 

blue Ribbons. 

The Town Crier, with a Brass Plate, bearing an Inscription. 

The Model of the New Church. 

The Architect, carrying the Plans, &c. 

The Master Builder, carrying a Trowel and Mallet. 

The Churchwarden elect, carrying a Bible and Common Prayer- 

Book open, on a Velvet Cushion, supported by two Subscribers. 

The Bailiff of the Hundred. 

The Deputy Sexton, in full dress. 

T. S. Champneys, Esq., hereditary sexton, attended by % Beadles. 

The Marquess of Bath, attenaed by the Vicar and Curate. 

The Clergy, two and two. 

Deputy Lieutenants and Magistrates. 

The Treasurer, carrying the Subscription Book. 

The Select Committee, with white Wands. 

Another flag, bearing the Arms of the Earl of Cork and Orrery 

Lord of the Hundred of Frome. 

The Committee, two and two. 

The Subscribers, two and two. 

Five Masons and five Carpenters, with their respective Insignia. 

The Scholars of Rodden Down School. 

The Matron and children of the Asylum. 

The Master and Blue Coat Boys. 

Old Men of the Hospital. 

Old Women of the Almshouse. 

Managers and Mistress of the Girls Sunday School. 

Girls of the School. 

Master and Boys of the Sunday School. 

The New Sunday Schools. 

Another Flag, manufactured in Frome, appropriately ornamented. 

Constables, &c., &c., &c. 

Z08. The Nortons of Abbots' Lbioh, and thb Lanbs 
OF Bbntlbt. (III. xviii. 84.)— Clarendon (Book ziii.) distinctly 
states that Mrs. Norton of Abbots' Leigh was "a niece or very near 
kinswoman of Mr. Lane, " Mrs. Jane Lane's father, as well as 
Col. Lane's father. He also informs us that Mrs. Jane Lane and 
Mrs. Norton "had been bred together, and (were) friends as well 

X04 Somsrui 6* Darut Notes 6* Queries. 

as kindred." The whole story, both in Clarendon and in the 
Boscohtll Tracts^ would preclude any idea that the ladies were 
sisters, but would leave open the extreme probability of their being 
really and truly cousins, in which relationship Charles II himself 
in his own account of the "Escape from Worcester," always speaks 
of them. 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

zog. These ladies were not related. Jane Lane (afterwards 
Lady Fisher) was the daughter of Thomas Lane of Bentley, by 
Ann, daughter of Walter Bagot, ancestor of the present Lord 
Bagot. Her paternal grandfather, John Lane, married Jane, 
daughter of Sir Edward Littleton, ancestor of the present 
Lord Hatherton. 

Ellen Owen,jwho married Mr. (afterwards Sir George) Norton 
of Abbot's Leigh, was the daughter of Sir William Owen of 
Condover, the well-known Royalist, by Ellen, daughter of Lord 
Kilmorey (d. 1627). Her paternal grandfather, Thomas Owen, 
(d. 1598), Judge of Common Pleas, married Sarah, daughter of 
Humphrey Baskerville, who was descended from the Devereux's, 
ancestors of the Viscounts Hereford. 


no. Hospital of Dorchester. (I. iv. 173, II. xii. 123.) — 
The letters H.D., on the Dorchester town-farthings of 1669, 
stand for Hospital of Dorchester, a Home for the children of the 
poor, for which Dorchester was justly celebrated. It was erected 
at a cost of " eight hundred pounds " shortly after the " Great 
Fire" of 1613* Here children of both sexes were thoroughly 
grounded in religious knowledge, received industrial instruction, 
and were trained for the battle of life. 

The great fire proved a great mercy, '* God poured down his 
blessings upon the place." (/. White^ 'H?) I^ w«^s soon " in a 
better condition than it had been, before that calamity fell upon 
them." By wisely directed efforts '* the town was much enriched ; 
knowledge causing piety, piety breeding industry, and industry 
procuring plenty unto it." {T. Fuller,) 

The Hospital was a great and exceptional success. Seo 
" Proposals for the relief and employment of the poor,** of the dato 
of 1668 ; reprinted in Sir Walter Scott's edition of the Somer^ 
Tracts. After speaking of parishes being obliged "to build 
workhouses, and employ their poor therein," the writer continues, 

* This year, as £. Howes, writing a little later (1616), tells us, was a year of 
firea. At the " Theater called the Globe/* "the Thatch tooke fier," •• the house 
being filled with people to behold the play, m. of Henry the 8th.** Dorchester 
was almost entirely consomed, « the wind being then great." The fire << began 
about 2. a dock in the afternoon, when many were joyfully bude in the field, about 
thdr hanrest.** ** It pleased almightie God yt neither man nor woman perished." 

SofMTset S* Dorut Notes 6* Quities. 105 

"soch attempts have been made in many places to my knowledge, 
with very good intents and strenuons endeavours, but all that 
ever I heard of proved vain and ineffectual — as I fear will 
that of Clerkenwell — except that single instance of the town of 

J. H. Ward. 

III. Sharps Family. — The following Memoranda are 
contained on two folio sheets, evidently torn from a book ; on the 
first sheet is a good impression of a portrait subscribed " Vera 
Effigies Rich^ Bernard Vigilantissimi Pastoris de Batcombe 
Som«set: A^: 1641 :" in left-hand comer "iEtatis suae 74"; 
"W : Hollar • Bohem : ad viuum del : Londini : " 

They were given me by a Bristol bookseller and are worth 
preserving. I shall be very pleased to restore them to any 
representative of the families mentioned in them. 

ARTHC7R ScHOMBERG, Seend, Melksham. 

Benjimin Sharpe was borne the 6 day of May the 3 mounth 

Benjimin Sharpe died ye 30 day of march between 10 & 11 
Clocke at night 1690. 

William Sharpe was born 4th day of June neare 6 A Clock at 
night in ye yeare 1690 before King William came to town, 

Elizabeth Sharpe was borne Sept. loth betwen 3 and 4 
A Clocke in the morning in ye yeare 1691 northampton. 

Ann Sharpe Was Born 23th day of October A quarter 
before two A Clock in the After noone 1697 : being Saturday = 
froome Sellwood. 

Mary Sharpe Was Bom 29th day of december About one 
A Clock in the Mourning 1700 : being the Lord's day : In froome 
Selwood Sumersett shire. 

John Sharpe Was Bom 22nd of Dec. 1702 A quarter after 8 
A Clock at night being tuesday In froome. 

Mary Sharpe died March 16th 170I betwen 12 and 1 A Clock 
at noon in froome being tusday. 

John Sharpe died April i8th 1703 betwen 4 and 5 A Clock 
in ye Mourning being Lords day in froome. 

My Mother died March 29th 1705 : betwen 9 and 10 A Clock 
at night one thirsday in Northampton and is laid by Sister 

Will: Sharpe Married 13th Julv 1713 : In froome: Eliz: Allen. 

My Sistr Ann Abbot Diea 20th of Octob* 17 14 king 
Georges Crownation d^ : 

Mary Sharpe my Grand Daughter was Bom 7th Dec' 17 14 
A quart' aftr three in the mouraeing being teusday in froome : 

My Bro. Jn Law Will : Abbot died 28th April 1715 aft' he was 
Cut for ye stone. 

io6 Somirui S* Dorset NoUs S- Queriis. 

Eliz: Sharpc my Grand daught* was bom ii Janry 1715/'^ 
A quart' aftr 7 at Night In froome. 

John Sharpe my Grand Son was bom ist Dec' 1718 about 
2 A Clock in the Moumeing froome : of A munday : And died 
the 9th in the Moumeing following being tusday : at 6 A Clock. 

My father died 28th of Feb'y 17 18 about 4 A Clock in the 

My grand Daught' Elizabeth Sharpe died 20th of Sept' 171 9 
ten minnits before 8 A Clock Lords day in the moumeing. 

My Grand Son William Sharpe Bom 23* Deceb* 17 19 about 
ID A Clock at night one wensday: in froome. 

My Grand Daught' Ann : Sharpe was bom 2 1** January 1172$ 
in froome ten minnits aft' 4 A Clock in the moumeing being 

Ann Sharpe died the i ith January 1721/22 about one A Clock 
in the day time. 

Elizabeth Sharp>e bom 2i»* Novemb' 1722: fifty minits 
aft' 1 1 at night Wensday. 

John Sharpe bom 2Sth Nov^' 1723 : ten minnits aft' nine 
A Clock Munday night. 

My Son William Sharpe died the 13th of July 1724 : between 
7 and 8 A Clock at Night Munday it being the day of his Marridge. 

My Grandson John Sharpe Died 2i»*feb'y 1726/7 In Bristol. 

Eliz : Sharpe was Married 17th July 1728 : 

My Daught' Ann Sharpe died loth April 1730: half an houer 
aft' two A Clock Lords day Moumeing And Buryed 28th by our 
own seat. Mr. Roberts preacht hur funrall sermon. 

My Grand Daught' Mary Ludlow was home sth of April : 1730 
in Sodbury betwen 9 and 10 A Clock Lords day in the moumeing. 

My Grand Son Will*™ Sharpe was drownded the loth of April 
1732 : from of his Unckel Lydard's waihing Bridge in Bristol : 

My Dear Mother Mary Sharpe Died ye first of Feb^^y 1739/40 
friday about 8 in ye Moming Aged 77 years. Mr. Hume preacht 
her funeral Sermon ye 7th at her Interment. 

My Dear Father John Sharpe Died ye 20th of June 1740 
being friday about Eight in ye moming and Buried ye 26th 
Thirsday Evening Aged 77 ye Xmas before haveing been maried to 
my Dear mother 53 years ye day of her death and are both Laid 
w*»> my Dear Sister in ye Meeting House at Froome, Six weeks 
difference in there Age and twenty in their death to a day. 

John Sharpe his Booke C4472 W3th h3S fi736y T4 
f94472 th2 22 of Js6y 38 y2 y2i92 93.* 

* These lines are in cypher, of which the following is the key : 



They read — "Coome with his family To fitx>me the 22 of July in ye yeare 93." 

Editor for Dorset. 

Sonurstt S» Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 107 

Mrs. Margrett Rolt died 2^^ of Novb* : 1 7 1 3 : A quart' aft' 1 2 
A Clock tusday : And Buried 30th. 

Mrs. Joane Allen Died 3^ April 17 18 at six A Cloak at night 

Ann Jeyes Came to my house 15*** of Agust 17 18. 

Mr. Henry Allen Died the g^ of Dec™b' 1721 about 10 
A Clock at Night Saturday And Buryed the 15th : My Son preacht 
his funrall sermon : 

Mr. John Davison Died the 28*** of Dec^b* 1721 about i 
A Clock in ye mourning. 

My Bro: Nath Sharpe Died the 17*** of febry: 1723/4. 

Mr. Henry Allen Died the 29*** of Agust 1728 about 1 2 A Cloak 
at night thirsday and Buryed the 2* Sept'- Mr. Roberts preacht 
his funrall Sermon. 

Ann Sharpe, Mary Sharpe, William Sharpe, Joseph Sharpe, 
John Sharpe, Maiy Sharpe, Nathaniel Sharpe, Brothers children, 
1745. [The last name^ Born March 8**» 1722/3 left Northampton 
1728, and Went for London 1738. Went abroad, returned to 
England from the West Indies April 7*** 1 745 . Came to Chipping 
Sodbury June 8*** and 24***. Sail'd from Bristol in ye ( ) 

same year. 

Eben'&Eliz: Ludlows Grandchildren sons of J**** and Mary 
Telford as under 

My Grandson John Telford was bom ye 30*** of Dec^ 1748 
between 9 & 10 a Clock fryday night at his Grandfathers Eben' 
Ludlow, Sodbury. 

My Grandson Willm Telford was Bom Feb'y ye i^^ 1749/50 
between two and three a Clock in ye morning at Grandfathers. 

My Son John Telford died ye 4.^ of May 175 1 being Satturday 
about one a Clock in ye morning at Welingbourough. 

Z12. Witchcraft nbar thb borders of Somerset- 
shire. — ^The fragmentary accounts following were related to me 
by one who had heard them, when she was young, from her 
mother, who was bom about 1797, and resided at Sampford 
Peverel, where, when a young woman, she had frequently given 
bread and cheese, with a jug of beer, to the old woman referred 
to, when she used to walk into their house, in the hope of keeping 
her in a good humour.— In the early part of this century there 
was living in the neighbourhood of Sampford Peverel an old 
woman of the name of Mary Dally, whose looks were not at all 
in her favour, and who was a reputed witch. If she was offended 
by a neighbour, she would, perhaps, go into his fields, and sow 
something under the trees, where the cattle usually lay of a night, 
with the result that the next time they lay down there they were 
either struck with disease, or they died. 

io8 Sonursit &» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

She also used to bewitch their milk-pans, so that when the 
new milk was poured into the pans it used to boil over (as it was des- 
cribed) and would not stop in them. Old Mary Dally at last got 
into such bad repute by her witch-craft, that it was arranged that 
she should be put to death, and in the early part of this century, 
she was smothered between two feather beds, and all the old books 
of magic found in her house were burnt. — ^An instance of the 
power of the white witch, who resided near Burlescombe, B ^* r 
by name, (I should mention, that the gift, or power of the white, 
witch, was possessed by more than one generation in B ^** r*s 
family) came to me from the same source. A farm servant 
was sent by his master with a message to B-^^^^r about some case 
in which his master had been, or thought he had been, overlooked. 
The man sent was no believer in the powers of B^^^r as a white 
witch. When he came to his house to deliver the message, he was 
asked to come in, but declined. B-^^^r told him that he need not 
be afraid, as he would not hurt him. The man told B-^-^r thathe 
did not believe in his having the power, which he was supposed by 
people to possess. He was then asked if he would believe what his 
own eyes saw ; this, he said, he could. There were some acorns 
lying in B^^r^s house, who took one, and put it on the floor, 
presently it began to grow, and gradually became a little tree, and 
acorns appeared upon it, then these dropped off, and some little 
black pigs appeared and ate them up, and then tree, pigs, and 
all, vanished. 

This story savours of the Indian jugglers* mango trick, or of 
hypnotism. The fact of the smothering of Mary Dally should be 
related, one would think, in the newspapers of that period. 
Possibly some of your readers may know fuller particulars of her 
doings. ^^• 

A girl of about i6, named M-- — n, was ill in the same 
village of Sampford Peverel, and seemed to be wasting away, no 
medicine appearing to do her any good. It was suggested, that 
perhaps she had been overlooked, so she was taken to the white 
witch. The white witch told her that she had been overlooked, 
but that the spell had not been intended for her, but for her 
mother, and had been laid at the well, where her mother was in 
the habit of going early every morning. On the particuhu* 
morning, af^er the spell had been laid, the mother had been pre- 
vented going by some cause, and had sent her girl, whose illness 
dated from that time. 

The white witch did something to counteract the spell, and 
the girl soon recovered, and got well. My informant Knew the 
girl after she had grown up. 

C. H. Sp. P. 

SThe impression that lunatics, if they become more than 
y outrageous when in confinement, are stnoihered beiween 

SomiTut 6* Dorset Notts &> Qmries. 109 

ftather beds, is firmlj held in North Dorset. I have little doubt 
that the supposed end of Mary Dally is equally apocryphal. 

Editor for Dorset.] 

113. Deeds relating to North and South Cadbury. — 
(i.) William Harbord of Grafton parke, co. Northants, Esquire, 
Surveyor-Generall to His Majesty Charles II., and Mary Harbord 
eld. da. of the said William H. and Mary his wife deed, who was da. 
& coheire of Arthur Ducke late of Wells, Doctor of Laws, of the 
one part And Richard Newman of Ffifehed Magdalen, co. Dorset. 
Esq., of the other part. Recites a Lease bearing date 20 March, 
25 Elizabeth [1583 J from Henry, Earl of Huntington, to Ambrose 
Smith, citizen and mercer of London, of the manor of North Cad- 
bury, and another lease bearing date 25 February, 26 Elizabeth, 
from Henry, Earl of Huntington, to Henry Billingsby of London, 
haberdasher, of the Manor of South Cadbury. Whereas the said 
manors were said to be conveyed to Thomas Stephens and John 
Strode of the Middle Temple, Esquire and Whereas the said 
Thomas and John by Indenture dated 20 November, 6 James L, 
made between them of the one part and Alexander E wens of North 
Cadbury, Matthew Ewens, son and heir app. of the said Alexander, 
Sir Robert Phillipps, knt., son and heir app. of Sir Edward P., of 
Mountague, knight, George Horsey, Esq., son and heir app. of 
George H., of Clifton co. Dorset, Thomas Ewens of Kingston- 
juxta- Yeovil, Esq., and William Swanton of the Middle Temple, 
gentleman, of the other part. The latter did at the request of Alex- 
ander and Matthew Ewens relinquish their right to the manors 
aforesaid Now this Indenture Witnesseth that the said 
William and Mary Harbord for the better protecting and strengthen- 
ing the title of the said Richard Newman unto the said manors 
do direct that the executors of Sir Robert Phillipps and the other 
paities named shall assign their right and interest in the said 
manors to the said Richard Newman. Dated 5 July, 1684. 
Heraldic seals, and the signatures of William and Mary narbord, 

(2.) William Harbord of Grafton parke co.Northants, Esquire, 
Surveyor-Generall to His Majesty King James 11. and Margaret 
Harbord one of the daurs. and coheir with Grace Harbord of Mary 
Harbord, deceased, their mother, first wife of the said William 
Harbord their father, of the one part. And Richard Newman of 
Ffifehead Magdalen co. Dorset, Esquire, and Roger Jacson of St. 
Martin in the Fields co. Middx., gentleman. Recites an agree- 
ment of 3 March, 1683, between the said William and Richard 
touching Richard's absolute purchase of the Manors of North & 
South Cadbury. Dated 28 May. 1685. Signatures and seals of 
William and Margaret Harbord, 

I lo Somerset &» Dorset Notes 6« Queries. 

(5) A General Pardon granted to Matthew Coosens of North 
Cadburjy armiger, 1625. Seal wanting, 

Geo. F. Tudor Sherwood, Petersham House, 

Walham Green, S..W. 
{To be Continued.) 

114. Thb Will of Edward Sprague, of Upway, 
Dorset. — The Vlth day of June in the year of our Lord God, 
1 614. In the name of God Amen, I Edward Sprague of Upway 
in the County of Dorset, fullere, being sick and weak of body, 
bat well and perfect in mind, thanks be given unto Almighty God, 
do ordain and appoint this my last will and testament to be made 
in manner and form following. That is to say first of all I do be- 
queath my sool to Almighty God my saviour and redeemer, and 
my body to be baried within the churchyard. As for such temporal 
goods as v^td hath blessed me withall, I give and bequeath as 
hereafVer fvvtows : tii. I give unto the parish Church of Upway 
ten sh^,"?^c^ I!^^n:; — I give unto the poor of the said parish of 
Upway t^f^ ^-! " T*^ Item — I give unto Ralph Sprague my eldest 
son vMi^r .V :-^v' >\^>5vu:rof sheares in my shop and one lesser 
nait calW :i^ v;5>x:w^v. Itie«i— I give and bequeath unto my oldest 
dangh^^ A .:»,v >j*i:4^ta!e felly pounds, to be paid within one year 
after »> -»^f^>w3^^ t >f« — I ^ve and bequeath unto Edward Sprague 
my se\v«rvt $KN>k cwQ" jvjur ot shears und twenty pounds to be paid 
htewi^ ma^ -* vNK iwajr after my decease. Item — I give and be- 
^i»^ath wWv^' K^^SAfvi Sprague my third son twenty pounds to be 
pak) mhen h*' ;s^>A« be one and twenty years of age. Item — I 
{fi¥t aiK) b^iMsjiih wnto Christopher Sprague my fourth son 
f i | » K y jxxmvls to be paid when he shall be of the age 
o!^ <aie *»<l iwiMftty yi^ares. Item — I give and bequeath unto 
^'^■i Sj^«^§%Hf my yo<m|irest ^on twenty pounds to be paid when he 
^>Kii" ^e o:^ the a^ije of one and twenty yeares. All the rest of my 
c^vvts^ aiKMTaMc and muonoveable I give and bequeath unto Christian 
^iMi^ve »iy wife whom I do make my whole executrix of this my 
.f^ » :: otaJt te^^tament. Memoranda, that if Richard Sprague 
v"*^ N<v>^^*r Sprague or William Sprague shall happen to die 
- \v V' wu^ K'tore they shall be of the age of one and twentjr 
""•-^ - -u his legacy to be divided between the other two, or if 
'^^ * , v« shall happen to die before they shall be of the age 
V ^'v wkI t>fcenty veares, that then their legacies to remain to the 
s..v^ NHi .iving. Finally, 1 do appoint Henry Samweys and 
* ^% <:vjtf overseers of this my Will and Testament, in the 
. , ^ vv\ .N 'hv^s:e whose names are underwritten, — John Bishoppe, 
. ■'^ v^. his mark. Memorandii : that whereas the living 
s . V xiivi Edward Sprague doth fall unto his son Ralph 
X:- .. V rcr his decease, the said Ralph doth upon his fathers 
s vN»;$e that his mother Christian Sprague shall quietly 

Somerui &» Dorset Notes & Queries. iii 

enjoy the said living until he shall be one and twenty years of 

On the back of this will is written " Made in Dorset county 
England and proved before the Arch Bishop of England." 

The inventory of Edward Sprague's goods, valued by Thos. 
Levall, John Sellar, William Bryar, and Francis George, June, 
1 6 14, amounted, apparently, to/ 238 6s. od. 

The following notes relate to the name of Sprague. 

Anne, daughter of Walter Grey, of Bridport, married Chris- 
topher Sprague of Turners Piddle (heralds* Visit, of Dorset; 1623) 
fourth son of the Testator. 

Dec. 13th, 161 7, a reference is made Ralph Sprague of Ford- 
ington in " Charters^ minutes and other Documents^ ' Weymouth. 

In King's Langley Church, on the floor of the Chancel, occurs 
" Nicholas Sprague of Chipperfield in this parish, gent., who died 
Nov. 30th, 1679, aged 23 years. Non diu vixit sed multum." 
(Clutterbuck's tierts., i., 438). 

"June 20th, 1628, Captain Endicot, with his wife and Com- 
pany, this Day sails in the Ship "Abagail," Henry Gauden, 
Master, from Weymouth in England, for Naumkeag fnow Salem) 
in New England, being sent by the Massachusetts Patentees at 
London, to carry on the Plantation there, make way for the sett- 
ling a Colony, and be their Agent to order all affairs till the 
Patentees themselves come over. Sept. 13th, 1638, Mr. Endicott 
writes of his safe arrival at Naumkeag (Salem) to Mr. Matthew 
Cradock in London." 

•* Among those who arrive at Naumkeag, are Ralph Sprague 
with his Brethren Richard and William.*' (From Prince's Chron- 

Yxom The Massachusetts Colony Records : "Sept. 28, 1630, 
rst Jury impannelled, Ralph Sprague a member of that Jury." 

According to Hosea Sprague's History 0^ the Sprague Family ^ 
published in 1828 (from which the above is taken), Ralph was 
about twenty-five years of age on his arrival at Salem, and Wm. 
about twenty. 

Mr. Frank W. Sprague, 27, Moreland St.. Boston, U.S.A., 
will be pleased to hear of any occurences of the name previous 
to 1614. 

[The following entries from the Register of Cann St. Rum- 
bold, Shaftesbury, may interest Mr. Sprague, though later than 
the date he mentions. Baptisms of Thomas, 12 Jan., 1664-5; 
Mary, 26 Dec. 1666; Redigon, 3 Dec, 1668; John, 15 Oct., 
1671 ; children of Thomas Sprague; and of John, 7 July, 1714; 
Thomas, 7 Oct., 1715 ; Joseph, 12 Apl., 1717; and Edeth. 27 
Feb., 1718/9; children of John Sprague. Charles Young marriecl 
Hannah Sprague, 30 Jan7., 1695-6. Radigon, 24 May, 1670; 
John, 8 Sept., 1672; and Thomas, 13 Sept., 1680; children of 

1 12 Somerut 6* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

Thomas Sprague, were buried at these dates ; Mary, wife of 
Thomas Sprague, in Woollen, 23 Jany., 1682/3, and Thomas 
Sprague, 17 March, 171 1/2. 

Anne, wife of Walter Sprage, was buried at Swire, 1 1 July, 1 624. 

Editor for Dorsbt.] 

X15. Richard Ross, M.P. for Lyme Regis, 1640-48. — I 
should be indebted to any correspondent who can supply me with 
some particulars of this M.P. He was a prominent Parliamentar- 
ian in the early years of the Long Parliament, took the protestation 
in 1 641, the negative oath in 1642, subscribed to the solemn 
League and Covenant in 1643, and was an active Committee-man 
down to 1648. He was also one of those members who, in 1645, 
received the allowance of £^ per week granted to members 
whose estates had been sequestrated by, or were under control of 
the Royalist Army. Although a pronounced Parliamentarian he 
seems to have had no sympathy with the Independents or extreme 
end of that party. At the call of the House on 26 Sept., 1648. 
he was an absentee, and was declared to be " not excused." The 
latest reference I find to him in the Commons' Journals is on the 
25 Nov., 1648 ; when he was appointed one of the Commissioners 
for the Army Assessment for the County of Dorset. From the 
absence of all further allusion to him in the Journals of the 
House it may fairly be assumed that he weis one of the members 
included in the " Purge" of December following, and from the 
fact that his name is not in any of Prynne*s Lists of Secluded 
Members, printed mostly in 1659, I infer that he was dead 
before that date. 

W. D. Pink. 

116. The Black Dog of , Dorset. — ^The following 

newspaper cutting may interest Dorset folklorists. Can any of 
your readers identify ** Dog Lane," and state whether the " Black 
Dog" Inn still exists ? W. 

" In the county of Dorset, not far from Lyme Regis, stands 
a farmhouse built on to the only existing portion of an old 
mansion which was destroyed at the time of the Parliamentary 
wars. The sitting-room, in use by the family and predecessors 
for a century or two back, still retains the original fireplace, with 
the capacious chimney, and large old-fashioned fixed seats on 
either side. It is recorded that many years ago, when the then 
master of the house, as was his wont when his daily toils were 
over, took his accustomed seat in the chimney comer, a large 
black dog as regularly took possession of the opposite one, and 
night after night, for weeks and months, this dreaded bogie cast 
a gloom over the farmer's evening enjoyment. After a time, 
however, on the farmer becoming accustomed to his appearance, 
and sustaining no harm, he began to be regarded as one of the 
family circle. 

Sowursit <S* Dorset NoUs 6* Querns. 113 

To the frequent advice of his neighbours to drive away this 
fiendlike intruder, the farmer, dreading a contest with the animal, 
jestingly answered, ** Why should I ? He is the quietest and 
frugalest creature about the farm, neither eating, drinking, nor 
interfering with anyone." One night, however, the farmer, 
enraged at the taunts of some neighbours with whom he had been 
drinking freely, determined his courage should no longer be the 
subject of their jeers. 

Returning home in an unusual state of irritation, and seeing 
the dog in his usual seat, he seized a poker and rushed at him. 
The dog, bounding from its seat, rushed upstairs, followed by 
the infuriated, farmer, to an attic, at the top of the house, where, 
on the master gaining the threshold, he beheld it spring up and 
disappear through the ceiling. Disgusted at finding himself 
foiled, he struck a blow on the ceiling where the dog had 
vanished, when down fell an old-fashioned casket, which was 
found to contain a large sum in gold and silver coins of 
Charles I.'s time. The dog was never more seen in the house, 
but is still said at midnight to continue to haunt an adjacent lane, 
which still bears the name of " Dog Lane," and his portrait may 
be seen in the tavern sign of the small inn near by, ** The Black 
Dog," in all its spectral hideousness." {Liv€ Stock Journal,) 

[According to Kelly's Directory of Dorsetshire^ 1880, there 
were at the date three Black Dog Inns in the County, viz., at 
Broadmajme, at Weymouth, and at East Stoke, near Wareham. 

Editor for Dorset.] 

117. How THE Haddock obtained its Name. — A few 
years ago I was referring to the tradition with regard to the 

black marks on a John Dory, as it lay for sale on the beach at 
Beer, having just been brought ashore with other fish by one of 
the trawlers, when I was corrected by a fisherman standing by, 
who said that it was the ** hadick, " which St. Peter obtained the 
tribute money from. "For," he said, •• it gets its name from that." 
" How so ?' I asked. " Why. " said he, '*St. Peter when he caught 
it, said Ha I Dick ! I have thee^ and after that the fish was called 
a hadick. " 

My informant related this quite seriously, and believed in the 
correctness of his tradition, the originality of which is amusing. 

According to the local pronunciation of ** hadick" or 
" haddick " the name spelt phonetically would give him strong 
grounds for thinking that he must be right. 

C. H. Sp. p. 

118. Dorset Christmas Carols (HI. xviii. 67). The 
Carol which is given in the present Number is another of those 
in use in the Parish of Long Burton. It is said to have been 
introduced here by a man who came ** hay-trussing " from 
Upwey in the south of the County. 



Som$rset S^ Dorut Notes S* Queries. 

Tr&ditUnol. (COPTKIOBT.) EarwMn%M$d by B. JT&wmrik. 




r r r'r r r r'r^ 




A -wake and join the cheerful choir Up • on this joy -fill momt Up- 







J Ji TFT** 



P ' [^--"£r ' r r r ,^ ^^ 

- gn this joy - fhl monu And g)adHo-san-na loudly sing^For 

^r r 1 ^ 




j-^-^/5.j J J 







Saviour's bom» And glad Ho -san- na loud - ly ang, For 

■.\_ jUj. J. J. J. 4 


( m ir r 



V l ^';/l^^y i |l,J I ,. ^ 

I I r r ' r Y 

joy a Saviour's bom, For joy 

a Sa-vioor's bom. 

-^■^^ J 

'^">' ' rf ' '"r ' ^'^f r l f I' 


Simursit S» Dcrs$t Notes S» Qnmts. 115 


Let an the Cboira in earth bdow 

Their Toices loudly rabe ; 
And sweetly j«n the cheerfvl Band 

With Angels in the skies. 


The shining Host, in bright array. 

Descend from heaven to earth ; 
And aD with gentle hearts and voice 

Proclaim a Saviour's Birth. 

XI9- Quaint Riddles (III. xriii. 79.)— The answers are : 
I. Balaam's Ass. 
II. A Pair of ^eets. Sho«5. 
III. The Year (cf. Psalm Ixv. 11.) C. H. Sp. P. 

X20. Caffecome— Chaffcomrb, Somerset. — Mr. W. H, 
Chaffee, P.O. Box 3068, New York, U.S.A., who is compiling a 
family genealogy, wishes to know when and why the above 
mentioned place-name was changed from the former to the 
latter form. Also whether the personal name Chafe^ with its 
variants, is derived from Chauve^ 'Bald,' and is of Norman origin. 

zaz. A Genealogical Puzzle. — ^There is now living, says 
the Sporting Magazine^ of May, 1 797, p. 80, within a few miles 
of Oldham in Lancashire, a family consisting of a grand-father, a 
grand-mother, two fathers, two mothers, two sisters, four brothers, 
a father-in-law, a mother-in-law, a son-in-law, a daaghter-in-law, 
three sisters-in-law, three brothers-in-law, a step-father, a step- 
mother, a step-daughter, two-stepsons, a daughter, a niece, three 
nephews, two husbands, three sons, two ancles, two wives, an aimt, 
a great aant, a great uncle, and a grandson,— in all eight persons. 

Will some reader of S, &» D. N, &* Q. send a solution of 
this enigma ? A. 

122. Proverbial Sayings. — ** The first rain after Priddy 
Fair is the first rain of winter." 

** The apples go away with the Shearer, and come with back 
with the Reaper." 

I have heard both these sayings recently. Priddy Fair is on 
August 2 1 St. At sheep shearing time the apple blossom is gone, 
and the apples make no great show on the trees until harvest. 

J. Coleman. 

[Does it not mean that the store of apples will last till 
shearing-time? Editor for Somerset.] 

123. A Black Doctor. — ^The following entries occur in 
the accounts of the Cheddar Overseers of the Poor. 

1724. Pa ye black doctor's son for relief .. .. — 15 
„ Ye black doctor's Wid. for keeping her son till 

the 9th of this instant May, 44 weeks . . 240 
,. Pd for 2 journey to Bristol, & two to Shepton 

About the Black Doct. Child & Expense • • — 90 

Who was this black doctor ? J. Coleman. 

ii6 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

X24. Hammoon Churchwardens' Account Book. — 
Through the kindness of the Rev. D. H. Sawyer, Rector of 
Hammoon, I have had the opportunity of examining a 
Churchwardens' Account Book belonging to the parish. As it 
ranges from 1 7 1 6 to 1 779, its contents cannot be so interesting 
as if it extended over a more stirring period of Church History. 

During the i8th century the Church expenses at Hammoon 
were provided for by a Rate only, there being no other source of 
income. The basis of this Rate remained unchanged throughout 
the whole of these 63 years, the total of ;^2 4 7 being multiplied 
as the outlay of the Wardens demanded. 

It stands as follows in 1716 :— 

1. George Trenchard, Esq. 

2. Robert Byles 

3. Samuel Muston 

4. Forrester 
William Down for Parkers Lease. 
William Down for his Living 

7. Philip Dngdal 

8. Thomas Upward 





















On taking these holdings one by one it appears that : 

1. George Trenchard, Esq., occurs until 1770 (except that 
he is replaced by ** Mr. Rohn] Balden for the Farme" in 1722, 
and by James Fifard (Fifett) in 1725, and is succeeded in 1771 
by William Trenchard, Esq. " George Trenchard" probably 
represents two persons of the name, one the Member for Poole 
who died 1758, the other his son who. died 12 Oct., 1768 
(Hiitchins). In the Hammoon Poor Rate for 1 722 the name occurs 
as " The Hon^e Col. George Trenchard." William Trenchard 
was the son of the second George, and died in 1829, aged 76. 

2. This holding was divided in 1727 between Mr. Lanning, 
3s. 9d., whose name continues till the end of the volume, and 
James Longman, 3d., who in 1732 is replaced by Martha 
Longman [widowl, succeeded in 1740 by Mr. Shirley, in 1756 by 
Farmer [Henry] Jenkins, in 1769 by Mr. Soloman, and in 1770 
by Mr. Jenkins again. '* Mr. tanning" probably represents two 
persons in succession, John, who signs the accounts till 1764, 
and Thomas, who first occurs in 1762.! 

3. Samuel Muston is replaced by Mr. John Muston in 1740. J 

4. Mr. Forrester, (who is called in the Poor Rate for 1722 
" The Rev»d. Mr. The. Forrester) is replaced by Mr. Lanning in 
1724, but returns in 1727. Mrs. Forrester occurs in 1742, in 
1763 Mr. John Trenchard, in 1764 Mrs. Forrester again, in 1765 

t Tames Longman was buried 1730, Martha Longman 1758, John Lanning 
1770, Thomas Laiming 1793, Robeit Jenkins 1799, and Henry Jenkins, 1826. 
X Samuel Muston was buried 1744, John Muston 1765. 

Somerset 6* Dorut Notes 6* Queries. iiy 

Mr. [John] Crane, and in 1770 Mr. John Trcnchard, Esq. This 
John Trcnchard was probably the brother of George who died in 
1768. He was baptised in 1736, and died 26 Dec., 1819. 

5 and 6 are united under Mr. Black (generally written Blake) 
in 1730, divided in 1744 between Mr. Blake 2s., and Mr. Down 
8d., united under Mr. Blake 1775, and divided as before 1776. 

7. Philip Dugdale continues until replaced by Mr. [John] 
Newman in 1765. One Philip Dugdale was buried 16 Dec, 1731. 
another the 25 Dec, 1763. aged 57. 

8. Mr. Upward's name continues throughout the book. 
The regular items of expenditure, occuring in most years, 

are what would be expected in a small parish at this era. 

Visitation Fees, to the amount of 3 s. 6d., called by the name 
of" Court Fees," regularly occur, and occasionally the same or a 
less amount is paid at the Second Visitation, — i,e„ the autumnal 
Visitation held for the transaction of Testamentary business. 

Pentecost Money, is. o^d., is an annual charge. Some of 
the printed receipts remain, shewing that it represented 
•• Pentecostal Oblations" due to the Prebend AUaris Pan Major 
in the Cathedral Church of Sarum." 

Bread and Wine for the Holy Communion, sometimes 
four times, but generally thrice a year. The charge is usually 
2S. 7d. on each occasion. 

Books of Prayers for Fasts, and Thanksgivings, for which is. 
each was paid. 

Clerk's Wages, £1 per annum, raised in 1739 to £\ 5 o. 

Washing the Surplice, and other church linen, usually 
3s. 6d., i.e., the Surplice three times, at is. a time, and 6d. for 
the other linen. 

Copying the Reglster and parchment, generally is. or 
is. 6d. In 1735 **Paid Mr. Edgar [the Curate] for his dinner, 
& writing out ye Regester 3s. 6d." 

Ringers, on Gunpowder Treason day, is an occasional 
payment, generally 5s., and for the last time in 1758. 

Gaol Money, at first ;^i 16 o a year, but afterwards 
varying in amount. This charge last occurs in 1738, when half 
a year's payment amounted to los. 4d. 

Besides these entries, in the earlier part of the book are many 
gifts to travelling seamen, from Turkey or elsewhere. In 1727 
•'Gave to Seamen that was taken by pirots, id." ** Gave to 
seventeen Semen, their ship wase burnt, 6d." '* Gave a woman 
in Distress and for a Clapper strap for the Bell, 3jd.," in 1 761, is 
a curious combination. This strap was frequently called 2,baldnck, 

Payments for the destruction of vermin are also frequent, the 
rate being, in 17 16-8, 2d. a dozen for sparrows, 2d. each for 
hedghogs, moupes (bull-finches) and stoats, 4d. each for polecats, 
and is. each for otters and foxes. 

ii8 Somerset S» Dorset Notes <§• Queries. 

A new Common Prayer Book was bought in 1726 for 16s., 
another in 1732 for 7s. 6d., in 1750 for i6s., in 1759, "Anew 
Common Prayer Book and Register Book, 14s., and another 
Common Prayer Book, los. in 1774. 

In 1722, three shillings were paid for "y« Cup for ye 
Communion Tabell." 

In 1743 occurs Mr. Gannett's Bill ** for ye Pulpet Cloth & 
Cushen " ;^5 i o 6, an unusually large expenditure, and Mr. 
Card's Bill for making the same 7s. 

In 17SS William Ramsey was paid 2s. 6d. for y« Coffer. 

Considerable repairs were done to the Church in 1733 when 
payment was made — 

"For 188 feet of Elming Board at 12s. a Hundred . 

For 7 peices of Oak and 2 of Elm 

For 20 feet of oaken board & fetching them 

Jenkins and his man for 5 days work 

The Carpenter for making the fnrms & bench, and 

mending the Seats and Painting y« Tower 
For 6 quart of Tar 

In the following year : 

"Buttles Bill for Tyling the Church 
•For 1 100 of Tyle & 10 Creas (Feb. 19) . . 
For 2 Hundred of Tyle to Mr. Saintloe . . 
Mr. Boydes Bill for Nailes and Lines 
Hellier»s BiU for Nailes 
Mr. Haynes Bill for Timber Laughts and work don 

with his Plough [i.e., wagon] 
For 2 Carpenters for 4 days each 

Other repairs were also executed in 1755. 

The highest annual expenditure occured in 1734 and 
amounted to ;^i2 5 3. The usual outlay was much less, say, 
from £s to £4, and the further we go in the century, the more 
it shows a tendency to diminution. 

Entries containing historical allusions are Books of Prayers 
for the Queen, 1727, for the King, and for "prence fredrche," 
1728, for the Fast for 18 Dec, 1745, A Thanksgiving Prayer for 
25 May, 1746, A Proclamation from the King, and a payment 
to the Ringers at the King's Coronation,! 1761. 

A Prayer of Thanksgiving for the young prince, J and another 

for the conquest of ye Havan,"§ 1762, all at is. each, except 

the Ringers, who have ss. 

In 1760 sixpence was charged "for altering ye Prayer for y« 
Royal Family." 

In the years 1745-8 are numerous entries of " Books for y^ 

♦ Crest-tiles ; tiles used for covering the ridge of a roof. (Halliwell). 

t George III was crowned 22 Sept., 1761. 

t Grcorge, Prince of Wales, bom 12 Aug., 1762. 

f Havana was reduced by the British Fleet, 1762. 

£ s 


I 2 










3 8 







2 18 




John Baldwin 


Robert Byles 





Thomas Warren 


PhiUp Dugdal 


Samuel Moston 


[ohn Lanning 


tames FJet 


Samuel Muston 

John I«anning 

SoMsrsit S* Dorut Notes 6* Qusries, 119 

Cattle/' "Orders for ye Cattle/* and in 1746 one shilling was 
paid for "the Act of Parliament for y« Cattle." 

The acconnts bear the signature of " H. Churchill, Rec*'" 
in 1717, — " Jo"Crabb Reef," 1722, and in most subsequent 
years till 1737, — "Robert Edgar, Curate," 1744 and 1747, (but he 
was paid for copying the Register from 1735 to 1762, and in 176a 
for Mr. [HenryJ Hall [Curate] was paid is. 6d. for the same,) 
" C. Twynihoe Rector," in 1762. 

The following is a list of the Churchwardens of Hammoon. 

One only seems to have served every year. On 26 March, 1722, 

William Down was nominated to serve, but the accounts for the 

ensuing year are kept by Thomas Warren. 

— ^ _ -r-L^ « ij — — o -_ John Haine 

John Muston 
John Baldwin 
John Muston 
William Downe 
Philip Dugdale 
John Baldwin, senr. 
Kobert Jenkins 
John Crane 
Robert Jenkins 

C. H. Mayo. 


125. Wells Cathedral — Its monumental Inscriptions 
and Heraldry together with the Heraldry of the Palace, Deanery, 
and Vicars' Close with Annotations from Wills, Registers, &c., 
and Illustrations of Arms by Arthur J. Jewers, F.S.A., London, 
Mitchell & Hughes, 1892, pp. xvi. + 313. 

This handsome volume is dedicated to the Bishop of Bath 
and Wells, and his Lordship's arms together with those of the 
Bishopric and Deanery form the fine coloured frontispiece. 

The original object and intention of this work, as we are 
told in the Preface, was to preserve and render more generallv 
accessible, such memorial and heraldic inscriptions as still 
remain in the Cathedral and Cloisters, and the design was after- 
wards extended so as to include the whole of the Cathedral 

Mr. Jewers has carried out his plan very well and has added 
many valuable extracts from Wills, and Registers, especially those 
of the Cathedral and of St. Cuthbert's, Wells : these annotations 
relate chiefly to the i6th and 17th centuries but a few of them 
are earlier. 

There is a list of arms at the beginning of the Volume which 
comprises more than 300 names ; there is also a very complete 
Index ; and besides the illustrations to be found throughout the 
book, there are 10 plates at the end, containing 65 coats of 
arms. Mr. Jewers seems to have spared no pains to make this 

I20 Somirset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

book interesting to all who love the old Cathedral of which it 
treats : and certainly all Somerset antiquaries should have a 
copy of it in their libraries, 


126. Thb Church Plate of thb County op Wilts. — 
By J. E. Nightingale, F.S.A, Salisbury: Bennet Brothers, 1891. 
Royal 8vo. Pp. xv, 256. With 33 Illustrations, and 22 Plates at 
the end of the volume. Price 15 s. cloth, or 21s. half-bound with 
duplicate plates. 

The Diocese of Salisbury is to be congratulated upon the 
completion of the survey of its Church Plate, so admirably 
accomplished by the late Mr. Nightingale. The section dealing: 
with the Church Plate of Dorset has already been noticed in 
this periodical. The present volume is written after the same 
model, with equal accuracy and lucidity of arrangement, 
while it excels the former in its wealth of illustrations. 
Mr. Nightingale has had the assistance of able helpers, who 
have personally visited the parishes of Wiltshire, and drawn the 
pieces of plate in outline, together with rubbings of engraved 
work and inscriptions, and in order to make the volume complete 
for the county as well as for the Diocese the northern Deaneries, 
now a part of the Diocese of Gloucester and Bristol, have been 
included in the survey. 

It has thus been ascertained that Wiltshire contains some 
15 pre- Reformation Chalices and 8 Patens. The number of 
Elizabethan Chalices amounts to 70, while the county of Dorset 
possesses over 100. 

The numerous illustrations in this volume give excellent 
representations of the most interesting examples of Communion 
Plate, both of early and late date, and we cannot do better than 
urge our readers to possess themselves of a copy of this work, 
and examine them for themselves. 

It is a matter of deep regret that the talented author died on 
the 22 nd of February last. 


127. "The Builder," of August 20th, well deserves 
the notice of our readers. Besides some excellent but too brief 
remarks in an article on The Architecture of West Somerset^ the 
writer, Mr. Roland Paul, has given side drawings and accurate 
plans of a number of its old mansions, together with four 
double-page illustrations of the more striking edifices, ecclesi- 
astical as well as secular, in the district. This work is an out- 
come of a late visit of the Architectural Association to the 
** West Countree " and coming from a writer and an architect 
who has heretofore proved himself so fully conversant with his 
subject, will doubtless form a valuable addition to the portfolio of 
many a Somerset Antiquary. 

IBA \\ 



ms !■ i^' ' 

«V "% ^V ^ ' k ' 


V t^f ^ 




■ 4^ ll 


f Is '< 







Somerut &» Dorut Noiss S* Qumes. X2i 

xaS. Ancient Canob pound near Glastonbury. — 
Amongst the finds brought to light during the excavation of the 
lately discovered British Village near Glastonbury one of the 
most interesting perhaps is the Canoe, a representation of which 
is seen on the opposite page. Boats or canoes have in so many 
instances been found in connection with Crann6gs and lake 
dwellings that I fully expected to find or hear of one here, and on 
making enquiries I was told by a man who had worked in the 
neighbourhood that about eight years ago in cleaning out a ditch 
(a few fields distant from the present excavations), he had cut 
into a piece of timber, shaped like the end of a boat. On going 
to the spot, the water being low. it was soon possible by clearing 
away a few weeds, and a little mud at the bottom of the ditch to 
feel about two feet of the end of the Canoe. It was lying at an 
angle of about thirty degrees with the line of the bank, a portion 
of which it was necessary to cut awa^ to expose it. The lowest 
part of the Canoe was about five feet three inches below the 
surface of the bank or four feet below the level of the adjoining 
land, the two feet immediately above the boat being peat. The 
stern and part of the left side are imperfect, but the wnole of the 
bottom and the right side are complete enough to give a clear 
idea of its shape. 

The Canoe is 17 feet long, its greatest width at 10 feet from 
the prow being 2 feet, and i foot deep. It is cut out of one stem 
of oak, the sides are particulary thin, being about one inch thick 
at the base and tapering to a fine edge, whilst the bottom is flat 
and averages about two-and-a-half inches in thickness. The whole 
is finely finished, being worked quite smooth and showing no tool 
mark or indication of burning. The prow is pointed and has a 
hole, one inch in diameter, through it from side to side, partially 
filled with a plug of wood. This would seem to have been made 
for the purpose of strengthening this part of the boat which is 
here split vertically. There are four similarly plugged holes 
arranged along the top of the left side and four in the bottom — 
these latter are arranged in pairs of about four feet from either 
end of the boat. At about two feet from the prow and on either 
side is a semi-circular hole very likely used as a paddle rest. 
When found, the canoe was resting on a trunk of alder which ran 
under it crossway about the centre. There were a few branches 
of alder also under other parts of the boat. Nothing else of 
importance was found either in or near the canoe, and little can 
be gathered from this source as to its age, but if it was used by the 
inhabitants of the neighbouring village, and its position leads us 
to think it probably was, we can but associate it with the other 
things found there which point to a pre-Roman occupation. 

Arthur Bullbid. 

N.B. — ^The iron bonds, shown in the engraving of the canoe, 
are supports which have been added since the discovery. 

Part xx. December, 1892. i 


122 Somerset S» Dorset Notes 6* Queries, 

129. British Village, Glastonbury. (III. xviii. 50.) — 
Further discoveries have been made in Godney Moor, and by 
permission of Mr. Arthur Bulleid we give the Paper read by him 
on October ist, 1892. 

Of the meaning of cranndg, a very good account is given 
in Joyce's ** Irish Names of Places,** I. 299. 

** The word crann6g, a formation from crann, a tree, means 
literally a structure of wood. In former times the Anglo-Irish 
employed it very generally to signify a basket or hamper of a 
certain size for holding corn. In its topographical use, it is 
applied to wooden houses placed on artificial islands in lakes. 
These islands were formed in a shallow part, by driving stakes 
into the bottom, which were made to support cross beams ; and on 
these were heaped small trees, brambles, clay, &c., till the structure 
was raised over the surface of the water. On this the family, and 
in many cases several families, lived in wooden houses, sufficiently 
protected from enemies by the surrounding lake, while communi- 
cation with the land was carried on by means of a small boat. 
The word cranndg was very often, and is now generally under- 
stood, to mean the whole structure, both island and houses." 
Speaking on the site of his excavations Mr. Bulleid said : — 
" With your permission I will now read a few notes relating 
to the nature and mode of construction of the mounds that are 
seen in this field, of the houses or huts that once stood upon 
them, and also what we have been able to find out about the lives 
of the people who made and occupied them'. Prof. Boyd Dawkins 
and Dr. Munro have both lately visited us, and I will endeavour 
to give their opinions as nearly as I can remember them, together 
with what information we have been able to gather ourselves 
during the excavations. We are able to say without hesitation 
that this is a lake dwelling or Crannog and it will prove perhaps 
as the excavations progress to differ little in structure from other 
dwellings that have been found in Scotland or elsewhere. On 
looking at the plan of the field the arrangement and grouping of 
the mounds perhaps suggests several Crannogs, and this will 
probably prove to be the case. The extent of ground covered 
by these mounds is about five acres, and the fact that there are 
more than sixty of them shows that this must have been an 
important settlement. The first thing I will consider is the 
situation of the village. It is nearly in the centre of the moor 
between Glastonbury and Godney, having the Glastonbury hills 
to the south, and the rising grounds of Godney and Meare to the 
north and west. The field is bounded on the east side by what 
is believed to be a natural watercourse. At the time the site of 
the village was chosen the moorland around us was a vast swamp; 
perhaps not always wholly under water, for the floods it would be 
subjected to in the winter months, and also the occasional 
inroads of the sea, would no doubt subside during the summer 

Sofmrut S» Dorset Notes <§• Queries. 123 

into large pools or meres. One of these meres existed in quite 
recent times, giving the name to the neighbouring village of 
Meare, and in 1540 is said to have been one -and-half miles 
broad and five miles round, and having ^^d as many as eighty 
swans upon it. We may not be far wrong in saying that this 
village could only be got at in winter by boats, and in summer by 
trackways through a thickly wooded and treacherous swamp. 
Referring to the construction of the village, all the stone and 
clay which are seen here have been brought from the neighbour- 
ing high lands, some as far as from the Mendip Hills. The peat 
was first of all covered with brushwood and small branches 
(chiefly alder) ; this extended over an area the limits of which 
as yet we are not able to define. Neither are we able to say what 
was its original thickness, for it is now found decayed and soft 
in a layer above the peat, averaging about fifteen inches in depth. 
This layer of brushwood was kept in place by pegs from two feet 
to three feet in length, bent over at the top. Over this layer or 
platform of brushwood, or "fascine" work, and under the 
mounds (for their better support), we find larger branches of 
trees. The large oak beams and piles which are also seen — if 
similar to those found in the Scotch lake dwellings — will 
probably be traced round the edge of the Crannog, and so define 
its area. The mounds themsevles are formed of layers of clay, 
and range from fifteen to thirty feet in diameter, and the layers 
vary from six inches to two feet in thickness at the centre, 
gradually thinning out towards the edge of the mound. The 
surface of the clay seems to have been covered with timber, and 
on this was placed the hut made of wattle or planks, having in 
its centre a rude hearth of stone or clay. After a time this 
process seems to have been repeated, and in some mounds as 
many as four or five times, until the thickness of the clay reaches 
to as much as four feet in the deepest part of the mounds. The 
hearths appear also to have been sometimes raised independently 
of the floors, and in one mound we can trace as many as six or 
seven hearths one over the other. Although nothing is left to 
tell us of the size or shape of the dwellings, yet there is evidence 
that they were constructed of wattle or planks, the crevices being 
filled in with clay. A quantity of this clay has been found, with 
the wattle or timber marks on one side, and very distinct 
impressions of the fingers on the other. It was baked, probably, 
when the hut was destroyed by fire. The roofs very likely were 
constructed of rushes or heather. As to the inhabitants them- 
selves we can determine the period at which they probably lived 
from the bronze fibulae, pottery, and bone instruments, examples 
of which you will presently see in the museum. These seem to 
point to the occupation being at the late Celtic period, possibly 
extending into Roman times, but nothing distinctly Roman has 
been found — no Saraian ware, or coins, which generally found 

124 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

their way wherever Romans went. The relics found show that 
the people farmed, spun, wove, and also knew the use of the 
potter's wheel and lathe. The farming is shown by the ox, sheep, 
and pig bones, and by the wheat, beans, and rye that have been 
dug up ; spinning, by the number of spindle whorls ; weaving, 
by the clay loom weights, and what is thought to be part of a 
shuttle. The pottery is chiefly hand-made, but some wheel-made 
fragments show very good incised patterns. Several whole 
crucibles and fragments of others have been turned up, showing 
that the use of metal was well known, iron and bronze being 
both found. What appears to be an iron spearpoint is the only 
thing in the nature of a weapon that has been dug up, except 
burnt clay pellets, so called ** sling stones," found in consider- 
able numbers. There are no remains of the inhabitants them- 
selves. Not a single human bone has been found, nor perhaps 
should we expect to find any. These people probably burnt 
their dead, and placed the ashes in urns, burying them in some 
neighbouring mound or rising ground. If during the excavations 
human remains should be brought to light they may perhaps give 
us some clue as to the reason of the final desertion, or it may 
be destruction, of what appears to have been for a long time a 
village of peaceful and industrious people who lived on this spot 
two thousand years ago." 

Objects hitherto found during the Excavations. 

Pottery. Quantity of both hand and wheel made. 

Burnt Clay. iToom weights. Sling " stones " about loo. 

Crucibles, 3 whole and 3 portions of others. 

Funnel, fin. high. 

Pieces of clay showing wattle, plank, and finger marks. 

Numerous circular and other shaped perforated pieces. 
Spindle- Whorls. 23 stone, clay and bone. 
Horn Instruments. Shuttle ? Borers, q Combs. 

Pottery stamps and makers. 

2 Cheek pieces of horses* bits. 
Bone Instruments. 3 small needles, 2in. long. 

4 large rude needles, 6in. long. 
1 1 perforated pieces of similar shape and size. 
BfETAL-BRONZE. 4 whole fibulae, 2 broken, i finger ring. 

3 small bronze nail bosses. 

I fragment of narrow band, 3 other small pieces. 
Iron. Several small nails, 2 ferrules, 4in. and lin. diameter. 

3 inches of base of small swora ? 

I spear head in fragments, 6in. long. 

I small saw, 2in. long, with 8 or 9 teeth. 

Part of a knife ? i small pin, lin. long. 

Mouth piece of a horse's oit, and other fragments too corroded 
to classify. 
White Metal, i finger ring. 
Jet. I ring. 

Amber. i circular flat bead, }in. diameter. 

Glass. | of blue bead with white markings. 

Somrset <?• Dorut Notes <5- Queries. 125 

Stonk. Portion of ring about 2vd, diameter. 

3 pieces of Querns, including I whole top stone. 

Stone rubbers, hammers, pot boilers ? &c. 

Small stone pestle, made from pebble. 
FUNT. A few flakes. 

KiMHKRlDO£ Shals. | of amulet, about 4in. diameter. 

Small core from which rings have been cut ? 

I large ring, 4in. to jin. diameter ^ ^^^g^^^ 

I small nng, mn. diameter j 

Bones. Horse, Cow, Sheep, Pig, Dog, Red Deer, Roebuck, Wild 

Boar, Bird, dec. Not yet examined by an expert. 

Jfo human* 

[Since the above was written, a roost important article by 
Dr. Munro on ''The Village" has appeared in The Tivm of 
October 24th, 1892. There is an illustration of ** The Boat" in 
The Graphic of Nov. 5th, 1892.] 

130. Hell, as a Place-Name. (III. xix. 103.) — ^The 
instances quoted by Mr. Moule of 'placia vocata helle' in 
Dorchester, A.D. 1400 and at Weymouth in the 17th century^ 
are stimulating to enquiry. We need not discuss the idea either 
of Tartarus or of a gambling house. That there is an ancient 
name-element of this form is certain from the fact of its appear- 
ance in old German place-names. Forstemann {Die DeuUchen Ortt 
namen, 1863, p. 116,) gives Hellegat, Hellevoelt, adding that the 
sense is uncertain. In another part of the same work he takes 
Helle- as a mark of colour, thus identifying it with the modem 
German hell bright, clear. Hellegat is a Low German form, and 
would mean * bright path, way, channel,' analogous to Cattegat. 
This word Hellegat was carried across the Atlantic by the early 
Dutch settlers, and now figures as ' Hellgate,' designating a certain 
part of the entrance to the harbour of New York. Probably 
it would occur to few of those who may now reflect on its 
meaning, that its original sense was ' shining path.' But our 
present examples seem to demand a substantive, and not to be 
satisfied with an adjectival illustration. I have nothing better to offer 
than crude suggestions, but others may possibly make more of 
them than I can. On the chance of this I call attention to the 
very ancient word hal (n.) omen, which occurs in Beowulf 204, 
heel sceawodon they looked about for omens. This instance is 
unique, but it is not doubtful, for we have in glosses haisian to 
foretell, hcelsend augur, halsere soothsayer, halsung divination. It 
is not impossible that this neuter noun may have been originally 
identical with the feminine hal health, salvation. In this way we 
arrive at a sense not gloomy or inauspicious ; and I may add, when 
we consider the great place that augury held in heathendom, not 
beyond the reach of probability. 

And I cannot omit to notice another word which occurs but 
once within my knowledge. There is a very singular passage in 
a perambulation given by Kemble in Cod. Dipl. 556 (from Uodex 

126 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

Winioniensis in the British Museum) where we have a **hel" of 
the masculine gender designating something which appears to 
be the property of one Ecgerd. The course of the boundary 
runs andiang meisinces on Ecgerdes hel ufnveardne a/ier wyrtwalan 
on wenric — ^along the metsine (?) on to Ecgerd's ** hel " at its 
upper end along by the root-stocks to the Windrush. The 
scene is in Oxfordshire near Witney. J. Earlb. 

131. I am sorry that I did not make myself understood. 
It was not the etymological sense of the word that I was in diffi- 
culty about. But I was, and am, greatly puzzled about "Hell", 
pure and simple, being the name of a creditable house, and of a 
"placia". As to the house, standing near Weymouth Harbour, 
and very little above high water level, there could not be any 
deep vault which, just conceivably, might otherwise have given 
rise to the name. The "placia" on the other hand in Pease 
Lane, Dorchester, by a bare possibility ** vocabaiur Helle " from 
such a reason. In that lane a remarkable hollow was found in 
digging the foundations of what is now a Temperance Hall. If 
(but it is an ** if" too hard for me) we could bring the Placiaand 
the Hall to coincide, that cavity, Roman covered way or what not, 
might have been known of old (we may imagine) and have given 
the name, and afterwards have been covered in and forgotten. 
But I cannot be sure of the exact spot in Pease Lane where the 
Placia, or void piece of ground was. So this conjecture is a 
mere " shot." ^ j j^Jq^le, Dorchester. 

13a. I do not know the lane in question, but if it is steep 
may not the etymology be traceable to the Celtic huheL frequently 
contracted to A^/=steep or high. There are many instances in 
the West of England, e,g.^ Coiehele (coed hel) the high or steep 
wood on the banks of Tamar ; Hel Tor on Dartmoor ; the steep 
town of ffeistone, etc. 

John LI. Warden Page, Williton. 

133. IsHAM Family of Somerset (I. iv. 169, v. 200, II. 
xvi. 268.) — A visit to Somerset House enables me to add a little 
more to my previous notes on this branch of the Isham family. 
I have found four wills of these Somersetshire Ishams, and 
possibly one administration. 

On 17 Oct., 16 1 5, Adm. of goods of George Isam was granted 
to Joan Isam, relict of George Isam, late of Tormeham (I suppose 
Tor-Mohun,) co. Devon, deceased. 

The following are references to the wills (P.C.C.) ; — 


1. William Isham, 1572, 27 Daper. 

2. Thomas Isham, 1588-9, 28 Leicester. 

3. Roger Isham, 1653-4, 159 Alchin, 

4. John Isham, 1675-6, 19 Bence. 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes 6» Queries , 127 


Will of William Issham of Bodrigfixn, co. Cornwall, 
gentleman, 12 Sept., 1572. To church of S. Coran xx»» to parish 
Church of Ilbruers xx"- To Mary, my wife, all mv lands, &c., in 
Trelawsen in parish of S. Perentreth for life, and then to Roger, 
my son and heir. To my son John lands, &c.,.in Redroth, co. 
Cornwall, for his life, and then to son Roger. To my son 
Christopher my best broche that I weare in my hatte, and xx"* 
Daughters Margaret I., Elizabeth I., and Anne I., to each xx"* the 
latter also to have " a bed cum pertinenciis with ij pots and ij 
pannes w^ said bed w*** the potts and pannes now are at 
Ilbruers." To Elizabeth my beads which were her mother's. To 
Roger, my sonne, my sangwine stone, my three buttons of gold, 
also my lease which I have of Ilbruers; if he die, then to 
Christopher, then to John. To Roger his mother's wedding 
ring. To my brother, Harry Isham, my signet of gold. Margery, 
Katherine the younger, and William Bray. Thomas Isham, my 
other brother, to his son a cuppe with a gilt cover which is at 
Ilbruers. To each of my daughter No well's children x*- To 
charge my brother Thomas to restore such goods as I have or had 
of the Vicar of Ilbruers. To sister Jone xv»» sister Katheryn x«» 
sister Elizabeth x"- The rest to Mary, my wife, executrix. My 
brother Thomas, and Richard Tremayn, my son-in-law, to be 

Proved in London, 2 Aug., 1572. 

The other wills in this book were proved in 1572, probably 
the copyist made some mistake in the month. 


Will of Thomas Isham, of Bradon, within parish of Ilbruers, 
CO. Somerset, gent., 21 Nov., 1588. My unruly body to be buried 
on the north side of my Lovinge mother's grave within the churche 
of Allhallow, Ilbruers. Angell, my wife, to hold and enjoy profits 
of lands bought of John Chapman, that was once the lands of 
John Stolle. All debts owing to the Church of Ilbruers to be paid 
as may appear upon my reckoninge when I and John Crocker 
were wardens together. Bequest to poor, and for bread. 
Copyholds at Ylle Abbottes, the which I do now hold of my Lord 
of Hertford. 

Proved by Angel Isham, the relict, 7 Feb., 1588-9. 

I notice that this Thomas Isham was warden, and yet in his 
will he prays God to receive his soul * by the intercession of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary,' &c. Was it usual for a Romanist to act as 
Churchwarden ? 

Will of Roger Isham, 17 Sept., 1653. The farm at Bradon 
shall forthwith be sold after my decease for the satisfieing and 
payeing of all my debts. To my daughter Margaret ;f 120, &c. 

128 Somersit &» Dorset Notes &» Queries. 

To son Cyprian;^! 00, &c. To Roger, John, and Thomas, and 
Elizabeth Isharo, my sonnes and daughter, I give tweelve pence 
a-peece, [why this inequality?]. The rest to my son Ames Isham, 
my sole executor. My two sisters. Witnesses, William Isham, 
and Cipprian Isham. 

Proved at Westminster, lo January, 1653-4, by Ames Isham, 
the executor. 

I notice that Roger Isham, son of this Roger, matriculated at 
Christ Church, Oxford, 15 Nov., 1639, at the age of 18. 


Will of John Isham, of Langport-Eastover, co. Somerset, 
gent., 20 Dec, 1675. My desire is to have my Bodie buried in 
Mr. Jenning's Isle at Curry-Revell, if my Master Thomas 
Jennings, esq., and the rest of my Friends there will give leave, 
or else any other where in the Church or Churchyard of Cuny- 
Revell. To the poor of C-R and Langport iij*- iij^ each. To my 
son John Isham ^ 100 ; To daughter Mary Isham ;^20o ; Thomas 
Jennings to be trustee, until each is 21. To my Father 4o»-» to my 
brother George Isham the 4o»- which my brother Thomas Isham 
oweth me. To my wife Mary my free Burgage in Langport-Eastover 
for her life, and also the profits of all my lands in Curry-Revell for 
soe long a time as she shall live a widdowe in my name. The 
residue to my wife Mary Isham, my sole executrix. Witness, Ralph 
Ewens, William Hall. 

Proved in Lond. 7 Feb., 1675-6, by Mary Isham, relict and 

Mary, the daughter of William Isham, (will No. i.,) married 
Edward Nowell, and settled at Edmonton (see I. iv. 169). 
The brass which I have mentioned before was formerly in the 
middle aisle of the church there. Quite recently I paid a visit 
to Edmonton. The stone, to which was fastened the brass, still 
lies in its place, but the brass in 8 pieces which is in good order, 
and well worth preserving, has been removed and placed some four 
years ago, as I think not too securely, on the west wall of the Church. 
On the brass are two coats of arms, the one that of Nowell, 
with a crescent for diflference, the other that of Nowell impaling 
Isham. So far as I know this is the only monument to any 
member of the family of Isham. Is this so ? A careful 
examination of the Edmonton Registers, which date from 1558 
and are in good order, gives a full record as to the Nowell family. 
But these may be of interest here ; 


'559* J^^^ dudlei & Dorothea Nowell, 6 June. 

1564. Edward Nowell et Maria Isam, 28 November. 

1593. Edward Nowell & Joyce Wraie, 30 April. 

1 62 1. Edward Nowell & Elizabeth Kiddermaster, 8 May. 

Sowursft ^ Dorset Notis S* Queries. 129 


1565. Katherine Nowell, filia Edwar^ Nowell, 31 Aug. 

1566. Henry Nowell, filius Edwardi Nowell, 29 Sept. 

1 567. Isain Nowell, filins Edwardi Nowell, 1 Sept. 

1568. Edward Nowell, filins Edwardi Nowell, 19 Dec. 

These four were the children of Edward Nowell and Mary 
Isham. Isham and Edward Nowell, sons of Edward Nowell 
senior, married and had families baptised at Edmonton. 

Isham Nowell had a son Isham baptised 12 January, 1 620-1. 

i6do. Maria Nowell uxor Edwardi Nowel, sen., 25 Feb. 
1612. Toh§s Isham, 4 August. 
1616. Edward Nowell, sen., 5 Decemb. 
1 63 1. Margerie Isham, widdow, 14 December. 
1639. Matheus Isham, sepult. fuit 10 die Apr. 

This last Mathew Isham I know to be one of the Northamp- 
tonshire family. The others I cannot identify, and should imagine 
to be relations of Mary Nowell. I should be very glad to know 
what any Somerset wills can tell, or any parish registers of the 
places named. 

H. Isham Longden, M.A., Shangton Rectory, Leicester. 

[In the Register of Curry Rivel occnr the following : — 

1663, Sept. 30. John, son of John Isham, bapt. 

1665/6, Jan., 23. Justinian, son of John and Mary Isham, bapt. 

1666, Dec. 2. Justinian Isham, buried. 

1675/6, Jan. 19. Johannes Isham, gener., sepultus fuit. 

1675, May 3. Maria Isham, sepulta. 

Editor for Dorset,] 

134. Rolls Family. — This family appears to have been 
intimately connected with both Dorset and Devon, but principally 
with Dorset. There is a County Bridge at Sturminster Newton 
called "Rolls Bridge." 36 Hy VIII. lands in Shapwick were granted 
to Geo. Rolle (Hutchins, 3rd edn., Ill, 167). There was also a 
family named " Rolle" or " Relies" at Wimborne Minster (id., 
p. 213.) It appears from a small work entitled ** Devomkirr" 
published by S. Drayton and Sons, Exeter, a few years since, 
that the above mentioned George Rolle was the founder of the 
Rolle family in Devon. He was the nephew and executor 
of Thomas Kolle, of Wymborne Minster, and a benefactor to the 
church there, whose will was proved in January, 1526. Henry 
Rolle, Lord Chief Justice of England, and author of a well 
known legal work entitled '• Rolle's Abridgement" was a member 
of this family. Henry Rolle was a Churchwarden of Wimborne 
Minster in 1599 (id., p. 265 — see also reference to his will at p. 
267.) John Rolles died there in 1778. His daughter Ann 
marriecf John Fryer of the same place (id., p. 214.) There was 
also a family named '* Rolles" living at Stoke Wake in the early 

130 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

part of the i8th Century. In the parish Register the name is 
spelt in a variety of ways, e.g., ** Rolles," •• Roll," •* Rools," &c., 
but in the early entries it is spelt ** Rolles *' ; there were members 
of this family living at Stoke Wake during the last century named 
respectively, " Thos. Rolles," " Geo. Rolles," "Wm. Fry Rolles " 
and "Mark Rolles." In 1787 Mr. Mark RoHe, (afterwards Lord 
RoUe), was M.P. for Devon. It would seem that John Lord 
RoUe, who died on 3rd April, 1842, must have died without issue 
and that the title has now become extinct. His estates therefore 
passed on his death to the Honble Mark Clinton, second son of 
the late Lord Clinton, and to his children as collaterals. In Jany., 
1852, the Honble Mark Clinton assumed by royal license thename 
and arms of RoUe. Can anv of your readers throw any light upon 
the following questions : — (i) Is there any corroboration of the 
alleged connection between the "Rolle" or "Rolles" families 
of Dorset and Devon? (2) Was the "Rolles" family at Stoke 
Wake connected with the family of that name at Wim borne ? (3) 
How is the difference in the spelling of the name accounted for ? 
(4) What is the origin of the name, and what is the most authentic 
way of spelling it ? R. 

[The name of Rolls occurs in the Parish Register of 
Hampreston, near Wimborne Minster. 

Editor for Dorset.] 

X35. A Yeovil Ghost Story. — Adjoining the town and 
in the parish of Yeovil there is a well-known plantation called 
" Newton Copse," the greater part of which forms a steep declivity 
extending from the top of a high hill, called"SummerHouseHill," 
to a public highway below called "Newton Road," leading from the 
town of Yeovil to the villages of Stoford, Barwick, &c. A foot- 
path parallel to Newton Road also runs thro* the middle of the 
copse. The plantation is thickly planted with trees, except in one 
part of it where there is apparently a natural avenue formed, 
leading from the top of the hill to the road beneath, and crossing 
in its way the before-mentioned footpath at right angles. This 
avenue, at the time I knew it, was quite wide enough to allow a 
carriage and four being driven thro' it, but it was then over-grown 
with grass, and did not appear to have been ever used as a road 
or way. Moreover it was so steep that it was evident that any 
ordinary mortal who attempted to drive down over it would come 
to grief. Nevertheless it was called the " Devil's Drive," and in 
the days of my early youth I have often listened in awe to the 
weird tales that were told me concerning it. It was said that no 
trees would ever grow on the land which formed the site of this 
avenue, that the devil and some of his kindred spirits were often 
to be seen at certain hours of the night, and more especially at 
that witching time " when churchyards yawn," &c., taking a 
drive down over it, and that once on a time one of the townsmen. 

Sownrsit &» Domt Notts S* Quniis. 131 

having occasion to go throngh the copse in the middle of the 
night, had snddenlj met with his Satanic majesty taking his usual 
drive. Not onlj was the townsman very mnch alarmed at such 
an nnnsnal spectacle, but it seems the spirits did not at all like 
the interruption. No wonder that the Archfiend tamed on the 
intruder and in angry tones addressed him thus : — 
" Walk by day and not bv night, 
" And let the spirits take 'their flight.'" 

Whether the affrighted townsman profited by this suitable 
admonition or not I do not know. I have now long since left the 
neighbourhood, but the story still remains deeply impressed on 
my memory. Perhaps some of your readers might be able to 
give some additional information on the subject. At any rate it 
is interesting to know that the dwellers on this earth are not the 
only ones who court the muse, but that her aid is also sought by 
beings of quite a different order. Possibly, however, the couplet 
above-mentioned may be traced to an earthly origin after all. 
Who knows ? His Satanic majesty may yet be convicted of 


136. Cattle-Stealing in Somerset and Dorset, in 
1537. — ^^® following story is taken from a recently issued volume 
of State Papers \^Leiiers and Papers of Henry VIII, Vol. XII., 
Pirt 2, No. 19s], and seems worth recording in S, ^ D, N.& Q. 

Of the people implicated Hatha and Gullock were Somerset 
men and probably lived near Keynsham, while the Harrises were 
Dorset folks, and lived somewhere in the Blackmore Vale. 

Of the places mentioned Melbury Abbas and Fontmell Magna 
are parishes South of Shaftesbury ; Ibberton is a few miles West 
of Blandford, and Fambury is probably Farmborough, a few 
miles South of Keynsham. The proceedings of the Harrises 
were ingenious, and one wonders whether the notorious John 
Harris was ever 'attached'; the accounts of John Haysham 
• with a bow-string about his head,' and of Richard Applin * being 
made sport of,* are very graphic. 

F. W. Weaver. 

•* The saying of Richard Applin and John Haysham That 
John and Harry Harris, with others to the number of 8 persons, 
took the said John Haisham in Christmas time and bound him, 
with a bowstring tied about his head, led him to Richard Applin's 
house, and made him call the said Richard Applin out of bed 
to make good cheer, and, as soon as he opened the door, entered 
and robbed the house. And the said Richard and John be in 
such fear of their adherents that they dare not complain. 

Thomas Yere the elder and Thomas Yere the younger say 
that John Harris, with others to the number of 8, came to the 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 




Harmonized by E. Houwrtk. 

ff\iijn \ n: \ ^H \ ) m 

c r 5 

While shep-herds were feed • ing their flocks in the fieUl, The 


M'^fir I' Mr fij i r cgir ^n 


j;„rij / h 





birth of a Sa • viour to them was re -veal'd ; And an - gels as - 






¥=¥^-m — 1» 




■Q i JiJ i jTJ'.^n i^^ 

r f f r i;'' 

sem-bling in clouds did ap - i^ear, While shep-herds lay trem-bling and 



f f f 


-t^— w»- 




smit-ten wiih fear, While shep-herdslay ireia-blingandsmit-ten with fear. 


Somerset ^ Dorset Notes S» Queries. 135 

Forbear to be fearful, ye hare reason to sing. 
Rejoice and be cheerful, glad tidings we bring, 
For bom in the City of DaWd therdbre, 
A Saviour of pity, to whom we adore. 


He came to redeem us from guilt and from sin, 
In love He would have us new lives to begin. 
In love each believer shall gladly adore, 
For ever and ever, when time is no more. 

142. Edmond Archer, D.D., Archdeacon of Wells. 
(II. xiv. 199, xvi. 252.) — The following notes, which have been 
culled from Mr.Jewers' We/Is Cathedral Inscriptiom, may usefully 
be printed here, as they complete the account of Doctor Archer 
which has already appeared in the pages of S. ^ D, N,^ Q. 

On a floorslab in the South Choir Aisle of Wells Cathedral is 
the following : — 

••Edmund Archer | D.D. | Archdeacon of Wells | and 
Canon Residentiary of this | Church | October the first 1739. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Archer | his wife | November twenty-first 1733. | " 

On another Slab : — 
•* Mrs. Anne Archer | January 27 | 1733. | " 

The Cathedral Register records, 

1733, Nov. 23. Elizabeth wife of Dr. Edmund Archer, 
Archdeacon of Wells, died Wednesday 21 and buried Friday. 

1733, Jan. 28. Mrs. Anne Archer died z\ Jan., bur. Monday. 

1739, Oct. 16. Edmund Archer, D.D., Archdeacon of Wells, 
and Canon Residentiary. 

Dr. Archer sealed with the arms {Az) three Arrows, (On) 
Crest, From a crest coronet, a Dragon* s head; — as appears from 
the Bubwith Almshouse deeds^ (P. 62). 

No Will of Dr. Archer is to be found at Wells, or at Somerset 
House. At the latter repository is the will of Anne Archer of 
Bumham, co. Bucks, widow, 8 Dec, 1732, and proved 12 Dec, 
1733, by her son, Rev. Thomas Archer. — 304 Price. — (P. 296.) 


143. Register of Swyre, Dorset. — It will be well 
to place on record in the pages of -5*. S* D, N. S* Q, that a 
missing volume of the Parish Register of Swyre, Dorset, was 
returned to the custody of the Rector of the Parish, the Rev. R. 
W. H. Dalison, on the i6th of July last. Some time since the 
publication of the first edition of Hutchins's History of Dorset it 
had gone astray, and was recently found by a gentleman of the 
County among his papers, and by him returned to the Incumbent. 

The book contains baptisms, marriages and burials from the 
year 1587 to the year 1718/19, and is in an extremely tattered and 

136 Somerset S» Dorset Notes 6* Queries, 

dilapidated condition. The last few leaves are a mere rag, and 
had the volume not been of parchment it would long since have 
perished. The book, which has no cover, comprises 37 pages and 
a fly-leaf. It is entitled : " Nomina baptizatorum nuptorum e 
sepultorum in parochia de Swire [a] primo die Januarij ano 
Dom [iuxta] computationem Ecclesiae Anglicanse Millesimo 
quingentesimo octogesimo septimo." This appears to have been 
the original commencement. 

A copy of all the entries still legible has been made by the 
Dorset Editor of ^. S- D. N. 6f Q. for the more convenient 
use of the Rector of the Parish, 

C. H. Mayo. 

144. Theophilus Bkome — A Correction. (II. xv. 211.) — 
Mr. Udal at the above reference speaks of the skull of 
Theophilus Browne now preserved at Chilton Cantelo. 

This is a mistake for Brome. 

Theophilus Brome belonged to the Warwickshire family of 
that name ; see Collinson, II. 339. 

Editor for Somerset. 

145. The Black Dog Inn. (III. xix. 116.)— The Black 
Dog Inn, enquired for by W. at the above reference, is in the 
parish of Uplyme, Devon, just past the boundary line between 
that county and Dorset. 


146. Nightingale's Topographical and Historical 
Description of the County of Somerset. — ^This book was 
printed in London about 1820. The Author is described on the 
Title-page as the " Rev. Mr. Nightingale." 

Will any reader of S. 6f D. N. df Q., kindly say whether 
he was a Somersetshire man, giving the dates of his birth and 
death ? 

Is the work supposed to be accurate, and is it founded on 
Local Knowledge ? What is the exact date of its appearance ? 


147. The Place-name "Cocklode" or "Cogload." — 
Can any reader of S, S- D. N. S» Q,^ suggest the origin of 
the above ? 

The former is the name, in a Midland County, of the residence 
of a valued subscriber to this Magazine, well known in Anti- 
quarian circles ; — the latter is the title of a farm not far from 
Durston, a Wessex Station on the Great Western Line. 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

Somerset «• Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 137 

X48. King of West Hall, Dorsbt. 

Jn ^n 9igno 9tem. 

Arms. Sadie, on a chevron Or between three crosses crosslet 
Argent as many escallop shells of the first. 

Crest. An escallop shell proper. 

John King of Sherborne, Gentleman, for many years 
" Magister Domus Eleemosynanun Sci Johannis Baptistae et Sci 
Johannis Evangclistae de Sherborne," (baptised there 13 May, 
1689, as son of John King and Mary nee Miller, his wife, whom 
he had married 3 July, 1687)— married 20 Jany., 1717-8, Elizabeth 
Roe, nee Corp, and widow of Oliver Roe of the same town. 
Her first husband, whom she had married 8 Aug., 1707, had been 
buried there 21 Jany., 1714-5. 

John King was buried at Sherborne, 8 Sept., 1764, and his 
wife, Elizabeth, 19 Jany., 1770, having had issue — 

II. Laurance King, bom 19 Nov., baptised 6 Dec, 1720. 
He died 2 8 July, and was buried 2 Aug., 1723, at Sherborne. 

III. Roe King, of whom mention will presently be made. 

IV. Elizabeth King, born 31 July, and baptised 2 Aug., 
1727, at Sherborne. 

I. John King, bom 2 Nov., and baptised 5 Nov., 17 18, at 
Sherborne. He was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, 20 
March, 1 734-5, from Sherborne School, Scholar of Trinity College. 
18 May, 1739, and graduated B.A. the same year, old style. He 


138 SomifSit &» Dorui Notes &» Qiuties, 

entered Holy Orders, and was instituted to the Rectory of 
Glanvilles Wootton, Dorset, 6 March, 1743, on the presentation of 
John King of Sherborne, gentleman. He purchased 2 March, 
1741-2, of Susannah Jennings, John Dalby. Esq., and Dulcibella 
Kent, the representatives of the Chafe Family, the estate and 
Manor or reputed Manor of West Hall, in the parish of Folke, 
Dorset, where he subsequently resided until his death on 23 July, 
1 770, aged 5 1 years. He was buried at Folke on 27 July following. 
Will dated 15 Oct., 1766, with Codicil 18 July, 1770, and proved 
12 Oct., 1770. P.C.C. (367 Jenner.) 

He married Sarah ....,whowas buried at Folke, 10 Feb., 

A shield of Arms, formerly (1873) at West Hall, bearing 
King, impaling **Argenf, on a bend Gules ^ between three tot ieaux^ 
as many swans of the field; on a sinister canton Azure a demi-ram 
salient of the first and in chief two fleurs-de-lis Or^ over all a baton 
irunked^ for Clerke, — probably refers to the marriage with 
this lady.* 

It is possible that the following epitaph, on a monument now 
in the Vestry of Sherborne Abbey, relates to a former wife of the 
Rev. John King. 

*• Near this place lieth the body of Mary, wife of the Rev. Mr. John 
King, who departed this life July ye nth, 1 741, in the 318* year of her age. 
She was adorned with every grace and virtue, and if there was any which 
shone with more lustre than another, it was her charity, which was 
generous and universal. She now enjoys her reward among the blessed 
This lady was buried at Sherborne, 20 July, 1741. 

The Rev. John King and^Sarah his wife had issue — 
I. John king, bom 17 Feb., 1750, at West Hall, and bap- 
tised 19 Feb. following, at Folke, and buried there 14 May, 

III. Sarah Kino, born 19 July, baptised 20 July, 1755, at 
Folke. She died 20 March, 1810, aged 54, having married Rear 
Admiral Ingram, who died 3 Feb., 1826, aged 71. Monument in 
Burton Bradstock Church, Dorset. 

II. Henry King, of West Hall, bom and baptised there 17 

tuly, 1752. Admitted to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, as 
^eilow Commoner, 18 Aug., 1769. B.A. 1773. In Holy Orders. 
J. P. and D.L. for Dorset. He was buried at Folke 28 Nov., 1815. 
Will dated 4 May, 1810, and proved at Blandford 29 May, 

He married by licence at Sherborne, 19 Feb., 1776, Penelope, 

• The Arms in this Canton are those of Lonis d* Orleans, Duke of Longue- 
vUle, made prisoner at Borny, near Terouenne, 14 Aug., 5 Hen. VIII, by Sir 
John Gierke, Knt., of Weston, and thereafter borne as an honourable augmenta- 
tion in the arms of the descendants oflhe captor. 

SoMiTSit S» Dorui Notis £• Quiriis. 139 

daaghter of Rev. Digby Shuttleworth,* Vicar of Obome and 
CasUeton, and Rector of Nether Compton. She was baptised 
at Sherborne 16 Julj, 1753, and buried at Folke» 30 July, 1833, 
aged 80. 

They had issue — 

ii. Pknblopb Kino, bora and baptised 27 June, and buried 
9 Nov., 1779, at Folke. 

iii. John King, born and baptised 14 March, 1784, at Folke. 
He entered the Madras Army as Cadet in 1798, became Lieu- 
tenant 7 Aug., i799> and Lieutenant in the 15th Madras N.I^ 
I Jany., 1800. He died at Madras, 17 Novr., 1804, aged 20. 

iv. Charles Edmund King, bora 18 Feby., 1788, and 
baptised at Folke, 27 April, 1789. He matriculated at Oxford, 
from Balliol College, 20 Oct., 1806, aged 18 ; graduated B.A. 14 
June, 18 10, and M.A. 17 Novr., 18 13. In Holy Orders, (ordained 
Deacon at Wells, 11 Aug., 1811.) Instituted to Rectory of 
Witchampton, Dorset, i Aug., 1817. He died unmarried at 
Piddletrenthide, 10 July, 1827, owing to a fall from his horse, and 
was buried 16 July following, at Folke. 

i. Henry King, of West Hall, Lieutenant Colonel, 3rd 
Foot (Buffs), was bora and baptised at Folke, 30 May, 1777. 
Ensign 19 Sept., 1795, Lieut. 8 April, 1796, Captain 5 Aug., 1799, 
Major 17 Aug., 1809, Lieut-Colonel (Brevet) 4 June, 18 14. He 
served with his Regiment in the Peninsula War, and retired from 
the Army, by sale of his Commission, 2 March, 18 16. He was 
buried at Folke, 9 Jany., 1839. 

He married at Yetminster by licence, 29 Oct., 18 18, 
Penelope-Cooke, daughter of Rev. Andrew Bellamy of Chetnole* 

She was buried at Folke 21 Sept., 1855, aged 75, having had 
issue — 

♦ The Rev. Digby Shuttleworth, B.A., (son of Rev. John Shuttleworth, 
B.A., at various dates Rector of Lillinglon, Vicar of Oborue, and Rector of 
Fifield Bavant, Wilts, aad Prebendary of Preston in Salisbury Cathedral, 1721 — 
1750), married (i) Martha Fisher, at Obome, 17 Jany., 1733-4. She was buritd 
at Sherborne 3 July, 1747, leaving issue. He married (2), also at Obome, Ann 
Cooke, 27 Feby., 1749-50. She died 30 May, and was buried at Castleton j 
June, 1777, and was the mother of Penelope, the wife of the Rev. Henry King, 
and of other children. The Rev. Digby Shuttleworth died 3 Jany., and was 
buried 8 Jany., 1789, at Castleton. From his brother, Rev. John Hanldns 
Shuttleworth, Vicar of Preston, Dorset, descended Louisa, (daughter of Rev. 
George Hankins Shuttleworth. Rector of Melcombe Regis) wife of Rev. Harry 
Fan- Yeatman, B.D., Rector of Kelve, >^car of East Brent, and Prebendary of 
Wells, ancestor of the Yeatmans of Stock House, Dorset. 

t The Rev. Andrew Bellamy, of Chetnole, married at Sherborne, by licence. 
20 June, 1768, Penelope Cooke of that town, in the presence of Digby Shuttle- 
worth and Ann Shuttleworth. She had been baptised there, 19 May, 1737, ^ 
daughter of John and Penelope Cooke, and was buried there, from West Hall, 
I March, 1820, aged 81. Andrew BeUamy, M.A., who had been for many Tears 
Rector, Patron, and Lord of the Manor of Stockwood, Dorset, died 23 June, 
1810, aged 75. 

M^ SMurut £• Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

t ftxiLOPS Mary Anne King, bom 2 Nov., 1823, and 
>4pe^l^i 13 Sept, 1824, at Folke, and buried there 24 Oct., 1863, 
^*># wife of Kev. Robert Cosens, M.A., Vicar of Long Burton 
wHfe^ Hotnest, Dorset, 1 842 to 1 867, to whom she had been married 
t Sept» 1846. He died 10 May at Long Burton, and was buried 
«( Fotke» 17 May, 1867, aged 49 years, leaving issue. 

y John King, bom 4 June, 1825, at West Hall. He died 
o»f croup, 24 Jany., and was buried at Foike 31 Jany, 1826. 

K HsNRY Bellamy Shuttleworth King, of West Hall, 
Norn 27 June, 1821, at West Hall, and baptised 14 April, 1823, at 
Folke. He matriculated at Oxford, from Trinity College, 6 Aug., 
1840, aged 18. He died 9 April, 1869, and was buried in Folke 
Churchyard 17 April, following, aged 47. 

He married at North Cadbury, Somerset, 19 May, 1857, 
Wilhelmina Louisa, daughter of John Talbot, Escj., of Horton, 
Somerset. She married, secondly, at All Saints', Margaret St., 
London* 17 April, 1875, the Rev. Charles Marwood Speke Mules, 
\^car of Curry Rivel, Somerset, and dying 26 March, 1883, at 
Godmanston, Dorset, was buried 30 March following, at Curry 
Rivel, aged 44 vears. 

Henry Bellamy Shuttleworth King had issue— 

A. HsNRY JOHN Bellamy Shuttleworth King, of 
West HalL bom 26 Oct., and baptised 29 Nov., i860, at Folke. 

He married 23 Sept., 1884, at St. Peter's, Eltham Road, 
Gertrude Violet, eldest daughter of John White, Esq., of Lee, 
Kent« and Gertrude Caroline Louisa, his wife, daughter of 
Frederick Cosens, Esq., Barrister at Law, and has issue — 

a. Henry Charles John Shuttleworth King, 
bom 30 March, 1889, at Seaton, Devon, and baptised 8 May, 
at St. Peter's, Eltham Road. 

b. Gertrude Dorothy Frances Penelope King, 
born 30 July, 1891, at Axminster, Devon, and baptised 13 
Sept., 1891, at St. Peter's, Eltham Road^. 

B, Frances Penelope Hope King, born 8 Oct., and 
baptised 27 Nov., 1865, at Folke. 

The narrative now returns to 

HL Roe King, son of John and Elizabeth King, born 17 
iV ^^^^^Ptised at Sherborne 5 Nov., 1724. He matriculated 
at Oxford, from Wadham College, 7 May. 1746, aged 19, and 
graduated B.A., as a member of All Souls', 6 March, 1749. In 
«*^ V I u*"^' Rector of Winterbome Anderson, Dorset, 1763. 
He ujea there 21 June, and was buried in Anderson Churchyard, 
on the south side of the Chancel, aged 66 years. 
dau^hV-.V'^y^f'l^^ Fordingbridge, Hants, 16 Jany., 1752, Mary, 
uaugnter of John Tregonwell, Esq., of Anderson, and Anna 

Sotmrut S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 141 

Catherina, nee Hill, his wife.* Anns of Tregonweix, Argent^ 
three ogresses on a fess cottised SaUe^ between three Cornish Chtmghs, 
proper. She died at Hinton Martel, Dorset, 21 June, 1764, and 
was buried in the family vault at Anderson, 28 June following, 
aged 38 years. 

They had issue — 

I. Rob King, bom 13 Deer., baptised 14 Deer., 1752, at 
Hinton Martel. Admitted to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 18 

{une, 1770; B.A., 1774. M.A., 1777. In Holy Orders. J. P. for 
)orset. Viear of Gussage All Saints, 19 June, 1778, Reetor of 
Witchampton, 1 1 Oct., 1780, and Viear of Horton, Dorset, 8 May, 
17S1. lie died in London, 14 March, 1817, ^^^ ^"^^ buried at 
Witchampton, 21 March following, on the east side of the 
Churchyard. In the Church of Witchampton is the following 

" Sacred to the memory of Rev. Roe Kin^, 38 years Rector of tfab 
parish, of which he was also the Patron. A natire of the comity of Dorset, 
for which he was many Tears a most npri^t and active Magistrate. He died 
in London March 14, I017, aged 64 years." 
He married Mary, daughter of Walter Nichols, Esq., of Dor- 
chester, by Mary, nle Limbery, his wife, of London. Mary King 
died at Cheltenham, 7 Jany., 1857, aged 90 years, and was buried 
in S. Mary's Cemetery there, leaving an only child, 

Charles King, bom at Witchampton, 26 July, 1786, 
admitted to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 22 June, 1805 ; B.A. 
1809. In Holy Orders. Rector of Witchampton, 12 Sept., 1827, 
and Vicar of Long Burton with Holnest, Dorset, 1867. He died 
29 March, and was buried 3 April, 1872, at Long Burton, aged 
85 years. 

By his first wife, Sarah, he had issue an only daughter Eliza 
King, who died young. He married, secondly, 8 Nov., 1842, 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Powellf of Travely, Llowes, Radnor- 
shire. She died at Warminster 2 Nov., and was buried at Long 
Burton, 6 Nov., 1875, aged 69, leaving issue a daughter. Mart 

♦ John Tregonwell, Esq., of Anderson (who according to the 1st Edit, of 
Hutchins's Dorset, died in 1730,) married for his second wife, at'Cranborae.i6 
July, 1 7 19, Anna Catherina, (baptised there 9 April, 1694,) dr. of John Hil], gent., 
who is stated in a pedigree m tne possession of Mrs. Newman to have been an 
officer in the army, killed in Flanders, and his wife a niece of Bp. Stillingfleet. 
Anna Catherina, on being left a widow, married (2) Thomas Bartlett, gent., of 
Cranbome (died 16 Ang., 1751,) and was bnried there 17 Sept., 1758, as "Mrs. 
Anna Catherina Bartlett.'* 

By this marriage John Tregonwell had issue, besides a son Thomas, baptised 
at Cranbome 30 Jany., 1720, who succeeded him, two daughters, (i) Anna 
Catherina, baptised there, 8 Nov., 1722, and married there to Rev. Edward 
Napper (Napier) of TintinhuU, Somerset, afterwards Rector of More Crichel,— 
and (2) Mary (Pbaptised at Anderson, 1726,) the wife of Rev. Roe King. 
Edward Napper officiated at his sister-hi-law's marriage, at Fordingbridge. For 
many of these dates thanks are due to Dr. T. W. Wake Smart, of Cranbome. 

t Descended from Sh* John Powell, Knt., Judge temp, Chas. II, who died 
1 7 1 3. Monument in Gloucester Cathedral. 

143 Somsrsei £• Dorsit Notes S» Queries. 

Rkbbcca Kino, who married (i) Rev. Edward William Price, 
B.A., Oriel College, Oxford, who died 2nd Aug., and was buried 
7 Aug., 187 1, at Long Burton ; and (2) Ashwin Conway Newman, 
Esq., M.R.C.S.E., by whom she has issue — 

a. Barbara Mary Newman. 

b. Margaret Dorothy Tregonwell Newman. 
n. Mary Ring, bom 14 May, baptised 18 May, 1754, at 

Hinton Martel ; married to .... Snell. 

iv. Jambs Kino, bom 12 Aug., baptised 13 Aug., 1757, at 
Hinton Martel. Surgeon at Cranborne, and afterwards (1797) at 
Nether Stowey. He resided subsequently at Pulteney St., and at 
Kensington Place, Bath, and died 25 Sept., at Wolverton, 
Somerset, and was buried there i Oct., 1842. He married 
Ann. . . ., and had issue besides a son, Christopher Roe King* 
bom 8 April, baptised 24 June, 1790, at Cranborne, who died 
young, an only daughter, Mary Ann King, bom 8 Aug., 1788, 
baptised 24 Tune, 1790, at Cranbome, and married at Walcot 
Church, Bath, 10 Aug, 1813, to Rev. Charles Glossop, B.A., 
Magdalene College, Cambridge, and Rector of Road and 
Wolverton, Somerset, from 7 April, 1812, to 1874, and buried at 
Wolverton on 7 May in the latter year. Mrs. Glossop died i 
March, and was buried at Wolverton, 10 March, 1847. 

ni. John Tregonwell King, bom i May, baptised 2 
May, 1756, at Hinton Martel. Treasurer of the Eastem Division 
of the County of Dorset, and Solicitor at Blandford, where he 
died 23 Novr., 1832, aged 76 years. By his wife Ann, nie Page* 
who died in March, 1 824, he had issue twelve children — 
i. Anne King, died unmarried. 

ii. Mary King, bom 3 July, 1786; died 20 Jany., 1842, 
having married 27 Sept., 1811, Henry William Johns, Esq., bom 
JO May, i777t died 26 May, 1854, leaving issue. 

iii. Katharine King, married Henry White Parsons, Esq., 
and left issue. 

iv. Elizabeth King. 

V. Susan King, born 3i"March, 1792 ; died 27 July, 1878, 
at Weymouth, aged 88 years. Last surviving daughter. 

vi. Jane King, died unmarried. 

Yii, viii. Sophia King and Charlotte King, a twin, died young. 

ix. Harriet King, died unmarried. 

X. John Tregonwell King, bom i Jany., 1 799 ; Solicitor 
at Blandford ; married at Kineton, co. Warwick, Mary Matilda, 
third and youngest daughter of Edward Welchman, Esq., 3 Dec, 
iSij, and died at Blandford, 15 Feby., 1867, aged 68 years, 
having had issue — 

1. Emily Mary King, bom 31 Oct., 1832, the wife 
of Thomas Welchman, Esq., of Westbourne, Bournemouth. 

2. Isabella King, died in August, 1 837, a^ed 2 years. 

3. Walter Charles Roe King, died in November, 
«843, aged 7 years. 

Soinersit &» Dorset Notes &» Queries. 143 

4. Margaret King, died 7 Jany., 1844, aged 5 years. 

5. Harriet King» bom in 1841, the wife of Sinclair 
Traill, Esq., of Blandford. 

xi. Henry Francis King, bom i Mav, 1800, and died i 
April, 1847. By Caroline, his wife, second danghter of Edward 
Welchman, Esq., of Kineton, he bad issue, 

1 . Hbnrt Welchman King, bora 1 827, who married 
(i^ Mary Hawkes, and had issue a daughter Ida King, and 
(t) Mary Douglas, by whom he had issue Ethel King, Ella 

King, and Henrt King. 

2. Arthur Tregonwell King, died unmarried. 

3. Agnes Caroline King. 

xii. Charles Rob King, died unmarried. C.H.M. 

149. Richard King, M.P. for Mblcombe Regis. — 
Richard Kinge, Esq., of Sherborne, Dorset, Justice of the 
Peace, and Counsellor at law of the Inner Temple, had the 
following Arms and Crest granted to him 6th April, 1641, by Sir 
John Borough, Garter, — viz : 

Arms. Sable ^ a /ess wavy between three escallops Argent, 

Crest. A lion sejeant proper^ resting the/ore-paw on an escallop 

He matriculated at Oxford, from Oriel College, 19 June, 
1610, aged 18 years. 

InNovember, 161 i,heisdescribedintheInnerTempleRecords 
as " Ricardus Kynge de Castle Carye, co. Somerset, gen." He is 
thus, no doubt, the *• Richard Kyng, ye sonne of William Kyng," 
baptised at Castle Carr, 30th August, 1590. He was called to the 
Bar, 1620, and to the Bench, 1638. He married Edith, (aged 16 in 
1623,) daughter of Sir Robert Seymer of Hanford, Dorset, Knight. 

He represented Melcombe Regis in the Parliament of 1 641.0, 
and also in the Long Pariiament, and served on various Com- 
mittees, such as the Committee of Privileges, and another 
concerning Monopolies, Nov., 1640, and the Committee against 
the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Dec, 1640. Of the Monopolies' 
Committee he appears to have been Chairman, and the House 
granted him leave of absence, •• for the recovery of his health," 
in December, 1640. 

On 24th June, 1641, he was added to the Committee for 
Scandalous Alinisters, took the Protestation 14 July, 1641, and on 
25 Jany., 1 641-2, was one of the Committee appointed for the 
relief of the Captives in Algiers. He subsequently joined the 
King. On the 2nd Sept., 1642, he was suspended the House for 
non-attendance, and disabled 27 Feby., 1642-3, and was present 
with the King's Pariiament at Oxford, 1644. (From notes kindlv 
supplied by Mr. W. D. Pink). 

Edith, wife of Richard King, gen., was buried at Sherborne 
20 June, 1634, and Richard King, Esq., 27 August, 1645. 



Somerset <§• Dorset Notes <§• Queries, 

Z50. King Entries in the Sherborne Register. 




Ma;^ 9. Joh'es Kinge 

Ric. Kinge. 
Apl. ult. Margareta Kinge. 
Tan. 31. Joh'na I^ge. 
Nov. 17. Nicho. Kinge. 
Feb. 23. Toh'cs Kyn^e. 
Jan. 19. Katherina Kmge. 
Thomas K3mgc. 
Toh*es Kinge. 
Katberina Kinge. 
Williebnus I^ge. 
Eliz. Kinge. 
SicQia lUnge. 
Joh'es Kinge. 
^oh'es Kinge. 
DHz. Kinge. 
1 599/1600. 'Feb.25. KatherinaKinge. 
1607/8. Mar. 20. Kicardus, Alius 
Joh'is Kinge. 
July 31. Temperantia, filia 

Joh'is Kinge. 
July 9. Joh'es, filius*Joh*is 

Apl. 21. WUlimus, filius 

Joh'is Kinge. 
Dec. I. Joh'es' filius f Joh'is 

Jana, [filia] Joh'is 





1 591 



Dec. 19. 

Dec. 24. 
Sep. I. 
Tune 22. 
May 21. 
Dec. 16. 
May 21. 

Gratia, filia Willimi 

1614. Sep. II. 

1617. Aug. 3. 


1631. Nov. 27. Alse, filius {tic) 

Willia' Kinge. 

1632. Apr. 15. Joanna, filia Phil- 

ippi King. 

1633. Apl. 17. Georgius, filius 

Georgij King. 
1633/4. Feb. 9. GulieP filius Gulicl' 

1634. May i^. Anna, filia Philip- 

pi Kmge. 

1634. J^°^ ^* Maria, filia Joh'is 


1635. May 26. Julian, filia Georgij 

et Mariae King 

1636. ApL 24. Toh'cs, filius Gul- 

lelmi et Margaretae King. 
1636/7. Feb. 3(?). Martha, filia 
Joh'is et Mar^etse King. 

1637. Sep. 17. Guhelmus, filius 

Gul. et Dorothcae King. 

1638. May 4. Laurentius, filius 

Georgij et Mariae King. 

1638. Dec. 23. Frandscus, filius 

Gulielmi et Margaretae King 

1639. Aug. II. Joh'es, filius Joh'is 

et Margaretae King. 
1639. Dec. 15. Joh'es, wins Gul- 
ielmi et Dorothae King. 

1641. Oct. 24. Margareta, filia 

Gulielmi et Margaretae King 

1642. Apr. II. Anna, filia Will'- 

mi et Dorothae King. 
1642. Aug. 9. Laurentius, filius 

Georgij Kinge. 
1643/4. Feb. 2. Gulielmus, filius 

Gul. et Margaretae King. 
1646. Aug. 9. Henricus, filius Gul. 

et Dorotheas King. 
1649/50. Jan. 8. Dorothia, filia 

Gul. et Dorotheae King. 
1650. Mav 14. Thomas, son of 

Tnom. & Temperance King 
1650. Dec. 18. Dorothie, dr. of 

Wm. & Dorothie King. 

1667. Oct. 6. John, son of John 

& Frances King. 

1668. Nov. 30. Francis, son of 

Francis & Jane King. 

1669. Apl. 30. Laurance, son of 

George & Margerie King. 
1669/70. Feb. 28. William, son of 
John & Frances King. 

1670. Nov. 14. Thomas, son of 

Francis and Jane King. 
1670. Dec. 25. William, son of 

Wm. & Eli2. King. 
1674. Oct. 20. Frances, dr. of 

John Sc Frances King. 
1675/6. Mar. 16. Frances, dr. of 

John & Frances King. 
1678. ^v. 10. Charles, son of 

John & Frances King. 
1680/1. Mar. 9. Maiy, dr. of John 

and Frances King. 
1684. Nov. 7. John, son ofCharles 

& Sarah King. 
1686. Oct. 18. John, son of Charles 

& Sarah King. 

1689. May 13. John, son of John 

and Mane King. 

1690. Nov. II. Sarah, dr. of 

Charles and Sarah King. 
1695. Sept. 6. Laurence, son of 
John & Mar\' King. 

Somtntt 6* Dwstt NoUs S* Qmries, 





















Oct. 19. Tbooi. King ct 

Maiyanm Hsyfl. 
. Mv. 4. WflTt Kjnge et 

Margntft iTamlr. 
Ang. 50. Riaraas Kin^ ct 

Agnes Jnttnmr 
Sep. 2. Angvtiinis Knge 

et Kathenna SaOes. 
Sa. 10. Rkardtts Lodge ct 

Katherma Kinge. 
Dec. 22. Gntielnras CHfibrd 

et FKi. Kinge. 
Hay 4. R<^aiis Birt et 

Katlieriiia Kmg. 

1599. Not. 12. Job'es Kinge et 

Editha Bradford. 
i6o6» July 21. Joh'es Kinge ct 

Katherina Able, vid. 
1616/17. Feb. 17. Williamu* Kinge 

et Dorotbia Ha)*ne. ^ 
163a. Oct. 2. Jch'cs Kinge et 

Marya Way, vid. 
1632 3. Tan. 14. Georgins Kinge 

Maria Micbcl. 
1636 7. Jan. 15. Gulielrous King 

et Dorotbea Russell. 
1687. July J. John King and Mary 


Mar. 26. Joh'es Kinge.' 
Oct. 22. Dominus Job'es 

-^.8. WiU'iKpge. 
3^ 2. H*igreU kyngc. 
June 23. Ric. Kinge. 

Feb. 13. Eliaabetha Kinge. 
Dec. 3. Job'es Kinge. 

Mar. 16. Elizabetba King. 

Jan. 24. Elizabetba King. 
Nov. 3. Job'es Kinge. 
Mar. 30. Editba Kinge. 
Dec. 14. Tone Kinge. 
July 7. Job'es Kinge, senez. 

Mar. 24^ Margareta, filia 

Job*is Kinge. 
July 5. Jobn King's cbilde. 
Sep. 26. Margeria King, 

June 29. Leonard, filius 

Job'is Kinge. 
Juhr 3. Job'es, filius Job'is 


5. Amhros., filius Job'is 
July 13. Job'es King, ux- 



161 1. July 15. Katherina. filia 

Job'is Kinge. 
161 1. July 26. Tempcrantia, filia 

Temp. Kinge. 
161 1/2. Mar. 9. Katherina Kinge. 

1620. Oct. 9. Editha King, vidua. 
1625. Dec. 29. Job'es Kinge, 


1633. Sep. 5. Editha King, vitl. 

1634. June 20. Editha, uxor Kith- 

ardi King, gen. 
1639. 0<^^* II- Guliclmus. filiufl 

Qui. Kinge. 
1643. Oct. 4. Philippus King, 

1645. Aug. 27. Ricbardus King, 

1645. Oct. 18. Jana King, puella. 
1645. Dec. 3. Gulielmus King, 

1647. July 14. Tob'et, filius Mar- 
garets King, vid. 
1649. June 19. Martha, filia Mar- 

ffaretie King, vid. 
1650/1. Jan. 7. Dorothie, dr. of 

wm. and Dorothic King. 

These are probably the persons of the name who tailed from Weymouth for New 
-■' / . r- . - _- fed 40, Dorothy M, 

Encland, 90 Marob, 1686, the family then oontiiting of William Kinvo, aff< 
and their children, Mary la, Katheryn 10, William 8, Hanna 6, and Bainuel 

1 II. They are the 

ancestors of Bofoa Kinf, Esq., of Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, to whom wo are 
indebted for the engraviog ox the Ooat of Arms. 

a. ** Sherborne Bertonla. Bt in feodo Jobannis Kyng balllTl terrarnm et tenementorom 

in Sbirbome predicta com zs. pro liberatura sua per annum xsvji." ( f^l^t 

SceUtiaMiicut, mfi> Temporalia of the Abbey of Sherborne.) 

8. The will of John King is in 9S Fenner, P.0.0. He beqoeathi teg aolef to the Chnrohee 
and Poor of Sherborne and Stalbridge, and to the Poor of Ceme, and niantloni hit wife and 
children, and his brother WUliam King and his children. He appotnte hU brother White, 
Mr. Bragge, and his brother Charles Parrye, Overseers. Adminlitration was granted lo 
Temperance Kinge relict of deceased, 80th March, 1018. 

4. Administration of the goods of William Kinge, of Bherbomeiwas granted to Oeorrn 
Othery and Margaret, his wife, relict of laid deceased, 8 Novr. 1047. Dean of liars m'l Conn, 


Samerut S» Dorset Notes S» Queries 

1665. Sep. 37. Kills., dr. of George 

& Margrie King. 
1666^ Sep. II. John, son of John 

& Frances King. 
1674/5. Mar. 17. T(^in and Frances, 

son Sc dr. of John and 

Frances King. 
1685. Mayaa. John, son of Charles 

& Sarah King. 
|6^5« Sep« 18. Lawrence, son of 

John and Maiy King. 

Feb. 24. Hannah, wife of 
John King. 

1698. Apl. 18. John King, widow- 

1 703. July 14. Mary, dr. of John 
8c MaiyKing. 

1727/8. Feb. I . John King, senior.* 

1764. Sep. 8. Mr. John King, 


151. — Dorset administrations. — Continued. — (II. ix. 10, 
X.4Q, xi. 78, xii. 113, xiii. 150, xi v. 178, xv. 217, xvi. 242,111. xvii. 8, 
XYiii. 57, xix. 94.) 


GrantM h R«Utionihip Date of 

rt>lte. NuMoTDMMMd. FuUk, to Deceased. Administration. 

1 13 Blackford, Thcmias Waymouth Sc Joane, relict 27 Oct., 1626 

73 Blake. Ralph Wymborae Basil, relict 

61 Claike al*s Ray Hasdbmy 

mood, Sarah Bryan 

73 Dawe, Nicholas Ljrme Regis 
1 13 Ffamptoa, Robert Bnrton 
81 F^andk, John West Forsell 

93 Ftry, Thomas Tarrant 


Thomas Clarke, husband 

30 Apr., 1626 
6 Mar.. 1625 

66 GaMi, William 
104 GoTer, Jonadab 

44 Hanham» John, 

44 Harri^OQ, liood 
60 »11. William 

Lyme Resis 
Corfe Castle 

Wymbome " 

Glasing Brad- 

*i HunUrey, Michael Dorchester 
^ LuxcU, Johft Cranbome 

*4 Marv jl*sSauttdets, Maypowder 


r»Dtbonh Bridport 

Anne, relict 13 Apr., 1626 

Elizabeth, rdict 31 Oct , 1626 

Robert Smart, kinsman 19 May, 1626 

and creditor 
Thomas Fry and Biarr i July, 1626 

Fry, <' consanguineis ; ' 

Robert Odber not 

administering ; (fonner 

grant Tune, 1625). 
Joan, relict 3 Mar., 1625 

Thomasine Toms al's 7 Sep., 1620 

Purchas, sister 
Mary, relict 13 Dec., 1626 

Thomas Hanham, arm., 31 Jan., 1625 

brother during minority 

of Eleanor, daughter 

(fresh adm. Oct., 1639) 
Mary, relict 13 J*"*'* '^*S 

Christian, relict (further 28 Feb., 1625 

grant Nov., 1642) 
John, son t± Apr., 1626 

Joan, relict 6 Mar., 162c 

Henry Saunders, husband, 22 Apr., 1626 
durme minority of Mary, 
Elizabeth, Walter, and 
William Saunders, chil- 
Alice Bishop, wife of John 8 Dec., 1626 
Bishop, sMter 

I n^ WlU ol aote KSBf» ol Sbatbonie, was proved 1006 in the Ooorl of the Dean of 

)^ \Jmini<tf>ioo of ibt soods ol John King, senior, of Sherborne, intestate, 
«^ ftMuhad .u Jquu liu^ intuoc his toa, 9S July, 1788. Dean of Sanim's Court. 

Sonurstt 6> Dorstt Notts i- Qutrus. 


Polio. NmBM of DMMMd. 

95 Miner, Peter 
80 Newman, Henry 

tor ^^ ^ 

81 Rawles, William 
68 Ravmond al's 

Clarke, Sarah 
97 Ssmfofd, Abraham Lyme Regb 
74 Saunders al'sMaiy, see Mary 

89 Sheers, Grace, Hawkchnrch 

80 Somers, John Lyme Regis 

117 Swetnam, Thomas Snerbome 
68 Williams, John 

Corfe Castle 


FifeheadNeWle Ursnla, relict 
see Clarke 

Temperance, rdict 
Dorothy, daoghtcr 

Maxy, relict 



IjTuly, 1626 
12 May, 1626 

15 May, 1626 
4 July, 1626 

Maiy Dennrnge, wife of 17 Jane, 1626 

Tnomas Dennynge, son 
John, son l May, 1626 

Laurence, brother 20 Not., 1626 

Wotton GUn- Mary, relict (fmther grant 26 Mar., 1625 
fcild Jnly, 1647) 

130 Arnold, Robert 
144 Baker, John 

170 Body, Mary 

131 Cray, Nicholas 
144 Creese, William 

140 Davidge, John 


24jaiL, 1626 
19 Apr., 1627 

ArmesweU Ralph, son 
Bnckhome Barnabas, son 

Wichampton Thomas, son (renounced 12 Sep., 1627 
and fresh adm. granted 
June, 1628) 
Poole Mary, relict 19 Jan., 1626 

BradfordAbbas.Thomas, brother ; Eliza- 29 Apr., 1627 
beth, relict,^not adminis- 
Fifehead Mag- Philip, brother 15 Mar., i6t(> 


140 Dollinge, Anthony Holy Trinity, Anthony, son 15 Mar., 1626 


Joan, relict 30 May, 1627 

152 Ellyott, Richard 
186 King, Philip 

145 Kirley, William 


West Parley 


152 Micho, Avice Bradpoole 

Walter, Corfie Mullen John, brother 

161 Oliver, 

145 Richards, George, Crambome 


James Budden, " avis ex 2 Nov., 1627 

matruo " of Philip and 

Mary King, children of 

decea.«ed, during their 

John Kirley, "consobrino" 25 Apr., 1627 

and next of kin of John 

Kirley, jun., deceased, 

one of executors of will 

of William Kirley, 

Robert and William, sons 21 May, 1627 

19 July, 1627 

John Bodenham, brother 21 Apl., 1627 
of Margaret Richards 
al's Bodenham, relict, 
with her consent 
128 Saunders, Henry West Parley Susan relict 11 Jan., 1626 

152 Serrell, Anthony Swanwick, Isle Agnes, relict 4 May, 1627 

of Purbcck 
171 Thome, William Hill Butts, Thomas, son 22 Sep., 1627 




Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 

Folio. Name of Deceased. 
159 Tooke, Thomas 
139 Tremaync, Juliana, 

145 Violet, William 
139 Yoimg, John 

130 Young, Nicholas 

Onmtee ft Eelationahip 
Pariah. to Deceased. 

Alderholt Mary, relict 

Chiddiock Rose Comynge, sister 

Edward Violet, kinsman 
Christopher, brother 

64 Abbott, Nicholas 
44 Ancketill, Chris- 
topher, sen. 
44 Ancketill, Chris- Poole 


BuckhomWes- Susan, relict 


Motcombe Margery, relict 
Stower Provest Henry, cler., son 

Date of 
22 June, 1627 
6 Mar., 1626 

17 Apr., 1627 
17 Mar., 1626 

15 Jsin., 1626 

8 Blithe, Thomas, 


3 Bramble, John 

23 Brishett, Heniy 

57 Bryard, John 
40 Cadie, Nicholas 
6 Clarke, Anne 

44 Culliford, Roger 
2 Damynge, Moses, 

52 Ford al*s Hulet, 

27 Gardner, Richard 

7 Grundrie, William 

53 Hearne, William 

51 Horsey, Dame 

Edith, widow 

52 Hulet al*s Ford, 

34 Lawrence, George 

Poole, died 


Week Regis 
St. James, 

West Linch 
Waymouth & 

Regis, died at 

Gosport, CO. 

see Hulet 

died abroad 




Stalbridge [^ 


Henry, cler., brother ; 
Margaret, relict, Francis, 
Thomas, Christopher, 
John, and Jane, children, 
not administering. 

Mark, father 

Dorothy, daughter 

John Moter of Stepney, 

Middx., ropemaker, 

Mary, relict 
Dorothy, relict 
Nicholas, son 

30 Dec., 1628 
I Aug., 1628 

I Aug., 1628 

16 Feb., 1627 

19 Jan., 1627 
7 May, 1628 

Anne, relict 
John, father 

10 Nov., 1628 
16 July, 1628 
30 Jan., 1627 

5 Aug., 1628 
21 Jan., 1627 

Alice Androwes, of Way- 27 May, 1628 

mouth, spinster 
Beatrice, relict i Feb., 1627 

Hugh, brother 31 Oct., 1628 

Richard Morris, creditor 11 Oct., 1628 

William Hulet. husband 29 Oct., 1628 

> June, 1621 
\ June, 1628 

rgery JLj 
Standley, sister 
33 Liton, John Charmouth Grace Preist al's tLiton, 14 ^ 

wife of William Preist, 
sister of deceased 
Child Ockford Robert Burbyd|fe, creditor, 21 Nov,, 1628 
during minonty of Mel- 
ior, daughter of de- 
Yetminster Catherine, relict 3 May, 1628 

Handford p>an, relict 4 Apr., 1628 

Alton Pancras Robert, gent., brother 28 Aug., 1628 

Geo. S. Fry. 
{To be continued.) 

60 Lyne, Catherine 

26 Parker, Thomas 
17 Seymer, John 
45 Stickland, John 

Somerut 6* Dorset Notes &» Queries. 149 

152. Genealogical Puzzle. (III. xix. 121.) — The problem 
is indeterminate, but here is one solution. There are at least 
three others. 


M ()=M = F =( ) 

M M = F 


153. A, who has two sons and a brother, marries B, who has a 
daughter and a sister. 

One of the sons of A marries the daughter of B, and has 
a son. 


154. Dorset MSS. : George Roberts : — There have 
been enquiries lately in No/es and Queries, (8th Series i. 67, 1 1 8, 
374, 457-8,) as to when the above Dorsetshire worthy — Mr. 
George Roberts of Lyme Regis — died, and as to what had 
become of the MS. collections which formed the basis of his 
historical works, the best known to us being the Bis/or^ of Lyme 
Regis {\%i^^ Social Life in the Southern Counties, and the Life 
of the Duke of Monmouth (2 vols.) I thought the information 
there gathered as to these points might usefully be enshrined 
in our own local ** N. & Q.*' which should undoubtedly be the 
source to which all enquirers should in future turn for this and 
all other similar local information. 

Mr. Coleman says (p. 458) that Mr. Roberts, who was at 
one time Mayor of Lyme Regis, died at Dover on May 27th, i860, 
and that a list of his most important works was given in the 
Athenaum of 23rd June following ; Mr. Townshend says (p. 67) 
that the MSS. were seen by Hepworth Dixon when writing his 
life of Blake (1852); whilst an anonymous correspondent, 
writing from the Temple, (p. 457,) gives an interesting account of 
how he nearly became the possessor of these same MSS. himself, 
but leaves us at the end in the same doubt as to where they are 
now. I will give Nemo's own account of this : 

" This author's MSS. came into the possession of a Mr. 
William Edward Goulden, who in the ' seventies * kept a book- 
seller's shop, then numbered 271, High Holborn. Late in the 
decade I have referred to I ascertained this fact (I think) from the 
then rector of Lyme Regis, who kindly favoured me with some 
correspondence upon Mr. Roberts' * Life of Monmouth* At that 
time I was contemplating writing a life of the whilom popular 
Duke from an unpopular, or at least, unconventional point of 

150 Somersit S» Dorset Notes 6» Queries. 

view. I waited upon Mr. Goulden accordingly, and (but I speak 
very diffidently, from memory only) I have an impression that a 
great mass of documents was displayed to me, contained in an 
old hair trunk, with a convex lid. On stating my object, the 

fentleman who had shown me the MS. treasures informed me that 
was welcome to them, box and all. I was not prepared, how- 
ever, to take them away there and then ; and, thanking the kind 
prospective donor, I said I would call in a day or two, and come 
m a cab, in order to take the gift away with me. I called in 
about ten days after, and I am not certain whether I saw the same 
obliging individual. But, however, the gentleman, who received 
me blandly, informed me that the papers wanted looking up — 
* putting together,' I think were his words — and again requested 
me to repeat my visit. This I did after a decent interval, and my 
earliest acquaintance politely but coolly repudiated the offer, and 
would not even inform me whether the coffer and its contents 
were still on his premises. Since some time before 1881 the 
shop, now (owing to an alteration in the numbering of High 
Holbom) inscribed with the numerals 265, has been in the 
occupation of that well-known and highly respected bookseller, 
Mr. Glaisher. It is situate on the south side of the thoroughfare, 
next door but one to (and westward of) the * Inns of Court 

Perhaps now that the subject has been thus mooted in the 
two kindred journals, a satisfactory account may be forthcoming 
as to the whereabouts of these interesting Dorset MSS., which, 
let us hope, may lead to their finding their last and naost fitting 
home in the Dorset County Museum Library at Dorchester. 

Whilst on the subject of Dorset MSS., it is as well to record 
Mr. Mode's note at p. 1 18 of the same volume of iV. 6* Q., that 
Whiteway's MS. * Journal ' is not in the library of St. John's Coll. 
(which University? Mr. Moule had enquired at both without 
result), as stated by Hutchins in his History of Dorset, but in the 
British Museum. 

J. S. Udal, Fiji. 

155. HoLBS IN A Pig's Foreleg. (III. xvii. 27.)— With 
ftference to this subject, I ascertained from Professor Flower that 
the holes in pigs' forelegs are the orifices of some glands, the use 
^>f which is unknown, and that he did not think that I should 
tttvi them referred to in any work upon those animals, which 
«mM strange. 

C. H. Sp. P. 

156. Plahting Barley Corns with Cuttings. — A short 
UH»v A|^> 1 w*s recommended by a cottager at Beer, in Devonshire, 
Vs^ v^ 4 or 5 barley corns into the hole, when I planted a cutting, 
^Uk^ ^(^ to)d» if I did so, that the cutting would be sure to strike. 
( ^^it>r hikd before heard of this recommendation, and should 

Sonurset & Dorset Notes S» Queries. 151 

like to know if it is an unusual custom, and whether there is any 
rational explanation of it. Possiblv the chemical action going 
on during the germination of the barley, may in some manner 
produce a state of things (perhaps a weak electric current) con- 
ducive to the formation of rootlets on the end of the stalk of 
the cutting. 

C. H. Sp. P. 

157. Dancing in Churches. — Readers of the article 
entitled "St. Whyte and St. Reyne" in vol. xxxvii. of the 
Proceedings of the Somerset Archaologica! and Natural History 
Society^ may feel an interest in the following paragraph culled 
from the Daily Chronicle of Nov. 8th, 1892. 

" The inaugural meeting of the Historical Research Society 
was held on the 7th November, at the Archbishop's House, 
Westminster. Archbishop Vaughan presided. The Rev. Father 
Morris, S.J., read a paper on '* Dancing in Churches." Father 
Morris dealt in the course of his remarks with the only two 
examples where the practice of dancing in churches has survived 
— ^those of Seville and Echtemach in Luxembourg. At Seville, 
it is customary on the feast of the Immaculate Conception, and 
of Corpus Christi, for the choir boys in the cathedral to dance 
during the elevation of the Host. The origin of this dance has 
been lost in obscurity. The rev. father gave an account of 
his visit to Echtemach to witness the dance, which is held on the 
feast of St. Willibrod. It consists of a dancing procession round 
the town to the abbey, and when he witnessed it, 14,000 persons, 
men and women, took part in it. The dance is of very ancient 
date, and is mentioned by Alcuin a.d. 800. It was of feudal 
origin, and represented the jov o! the townspeople at their relief 
from some feudal im(>ost. It was prohibited in 1770, but was 
revived after the French Revolution. It consisted of five steps 
forward to two backward, and the time to which it was danced 
resembled a polka." 


158. Bourne Family. — Joseph Bourne was married in 
1632 at Westbury, Wilts, to Mary Jordan. I shall be much 
obliged to any reader of 6'. (5» D. N, S» Q. if he will state 
whether he was in any way connected with the family of Gilbert 
Bourne who was Bishop of Bath and Wells (1554-1559)* 


159. BuRLAND. (III. xix. 97.)— This appears to have been 
a mistake for Curland, a village situate about a mile to the south 
of Staple-Fitzpain on the road from Taunton to Chard. 

John LI. Wardin Paoi. 

152 Somerut <S« Dorset Notes 6* Queries, 

160. Bellows family of co. Dorsit. — Lower, in his 
Patronymica Britannica, says that Bellow and Bellows bear the 
arms of Bellew ; he adds that Bellew is probably of Norman 
origin, meaning belle eau. In connection with this derivation it 
is interesting to note that a lad, named John Bellows, went 
*' soon after the Mayflower" from Dorsetshire to America. He 
took with him a silver cup with the crest of a hand pouring water 
from a vessel. Over it were the words " Belles Eaux," and 
beneath, "Tout vient d'en haut." There is in the Blandford 
District Registry the will of Christopher Bellows, a farmer, of 
Winterboume Zelstone, who died circa 1704. 


161. Builder's Accounts (xviith Century. J — I shall be 
much obliged if some one of your readers will explain the 
following entries in the Builder's (a Somerset man it is believed) 
Accounts for building Wadham College, Oxford. 

•• A becket for a dore.*' 

*• For mending the gavill." 

" For 2 chimney pells or prells." 

'' For 10 loads of Pindole, Pendal, Bendall or Bend." 

" For a Rawse, or Rause, for raising stone." 


[Beckets, a kind of fastening. 

Gavel, the gable of a building. 

Pell, an earthen vessel, Devon, 

The above are taken from Halliwell ; there seems no reason 
to suppose that they are Somerset expressions. Pendle-stone is 
the upper course in a stone-pit (Wright). 

Editor for Somerset.] 

162. Symcoke and Jessop. — It may interest Somerset 
genealogists to know that at Worksop, co. Notts, the Parish 
Register contains the following entry of marriage. 

24 Elizabeth 

*' Thomas Simcox of Butley in the Countie of Somersett 
Gentleman and Margarett Jessop [were married] September the 

Now, in the 1573 Visitation of Co. Somerset it is written 
thus on page 131, under Symcoke of Butleigh 

Christopher Symcoke=Mary d. of Nicholas Halswell 

of Butleigh in 
Com. Som. 1590 

of Gothurst 

Thos. Symcoke = Margerett d.. of Jessop 
of [ ] in 

com. Nottingham. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 153 

It will at once be recognised that the marriage entry given 
above both corrects and supplements the information derivable 
from the Visitation. For it shews that on September the 15th, 
1582, Thomas Symcoke was not "of in Com. Notts," 

but of Butleigh, co. Somerset, and that it was Margaret his wife 
who was a resident in Com. Notts, viz., at Worksop. I find a 
diflSculty, however, in reconciling the above evidence with the 
Symcox matter given on pages 11 and 12 of the 2nd Vol. of 
Brown's Somerset Wills. Who is the Thomas Symcoks with wife 
Alice, and brother William Jessop, of that Volume ? 


[Thomas Symcoke was of Butleigh in 1582; as his father 
was still alive, he would seek another home on his marriage, and 
might very likely have been living in co. Notts in 1 590, the daie 
in the pedigree: his 2nd wife came from that County; See 
Somerset Wills, 2nd Series, p. 12. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

163. G. W. MANBY.~Can any reader of 5". S» D. N, & Q. 
give information respecting the late *' G. W. Manby, Esq., of 
Hotwells, Clifton, author of the History of St. Davids, Fugitive 
Sketches of Clifton, An Historic and Picturesque Guide from Clifton^ 
through the Counties of Monmouth, &c** and of other works ? 
The ''Historic Guide" was published in Bristol in 1802, and 
on the title-page it is announced that some " most Romantic 
and Picturesque Views on the River Avon will speedily be 
published by the Author." Were these ever published ? 


164. Power-able. — Dr. Johnson says of this word, not 
in use. I note an instance of its use {circa A.D. 1 700) in a Cheddar 
parish paper ; *' We whose names are hereunto Subscribed do give 
our Consent for y« Overseers & Churchwardens to bind Geo. 
Huish Son of Tho. Huish Apprentice to the s* Tho. Huish 
being a poor man & not power-able to bind him his self y^ 
money being all y® sum of 4**^. i o*. whereof the s*. Tho. have 
made a hard shift to make up in pte i^^. 

J. Coleman. 

165. Phillips alias Amizer. — Going recently into the now 
disused church-yard of Burleston, near Bere Regis, in the middle 
of which stands the ruins of the church, I lighted on an old 
square tomb on the side of which was cut the following 

" Here lies the body of Mr. Rich- | -ard Phillips lately of 
East I Elworth in this county de- | -ceased the 6 of Sept, 1644 | " 

I have a note or two respecting this family which may be 
of interest and elicit further information. It seems the family 
lived at Abbotsbury and had formerly a second name, viz., Amizer. 


154 Sonurset S» Dorut Notes <5- Queries. 

The Richard Phillips above-mentioned I take to be the 
father of another Richard who married Emm, daughter of 
John Samways by his wife Emm, daughter of — Garland. 
Richard the younger died the same month he married, viz., Nov. 
1627, and under these circumstances it i^ not to be wondered at 
that his widow should remarry. Her second husband was George 
Fry, son of John Fry of Mapton or Mapperton in the parish of 

At the commencement of the pedigree of Henville, given in 
Hutchins' History of Dorset^ Vol. II, p. 727, Matthew Henville 
of Litton CO. Dorset, 1603, married Joan daughter of — Armizer 
of Portisham, who very probably was of the same stock as the 
Richard Phillips al's Amizer who lies buried at Burleston. 

Can anyone give the reason for the second name Amizer, or 
Armizer, which seems to have been dropped, or for the burial of 
Richard Phillips at Burleston ? A pedigree or further particulars 
of the family would be very acceptable. 

E. A. Fry, 172, Edmund St, Birmingham. 

[Can the name be Armigerf\ 

166. Cranbornb. a Trade-token. — In rebuilding one 
of the old houses of this town during the summer of the present 
year, a Farthing Token was found, which being of some local 
interest, and not represented amongst those given in Hutchins' 
3rd Edit., nor apparently known by Boyne, it seems desirable to 
put it on record in these pages. It is but a small insignificant 
coin, in a good state of preservation. The proprietor was a 
person of the name of Castle, but we are not sure of his 
special calling, though we have a clew to it, as I will presently 
shew. But first, a few words to its description. 

Ob. Within a circle the initals H.C. and the legend. In 
Cranbornb, 1666. 

Rev, The heraldic castle with the legend round it Henry 

We note the spelling of the name here, whilst elsewhere it 
is spelt in the usual way. The name has been extinct in this 
place many years as a patronymic, nor is it common now any 
where in East Dorset. The last person of this name here, was 
Mrs. Catherine Castle^ who was buried on Dec. 27th, 1768, long 
enough ago for the name to be forgotten. It may be of some 
interest to make known all that I have hitherto discovered 
respecting this family, which, no doubt, held a respectable 
position in the Cranbome community. The earliest mention of 
the name I have met with, is in a list of Churchwardens in this 
Parish. Here I find under the date 1673 the name of Henbry 
Castle, who was probably the owner of the Token of 1666. 
Then in the Register of Baptisms I find — " 1673, Charles son of 
Mr. Henery Castle and Jane his wife was baptized July the 21." 

Sowumt S' Dorut N^$$ A* Qtmrm. 155 

We are sadly at a loss to know more about the wife ; next, in 
the Register of Weddings I find Charles, arrived 9X man's estate, 
taking onto himself a wife — " 1699 CharUs Castle and Anm 
ffioyd both of this parish were married July i8th." His father, 
Hmfy CastU, did not live to see his son's marriairet for I find in 
the Register of Bnrials— " 1674 Mr. Hmfy CtUiU the 34th of 

I will now say a few words on Mr. Charles Castle's wife. 
The Floyd family were located here in the very beginning of 
last century. I find in Churchwardens' Accounts — 
" 1700. Pd. Mr. ffloyde for Bread and wine for the 

Sacrament .. .. .. .. 00. 05. 06. 

1 715. Pd. John ffloyd and 2 others bear for the 
Ringers at the Proclamation of Peace and the 
rejoicing day as y* bill .. .. .. 01.03.06. 

Pd. more to Mr. ffloyd for half a hogshead of 

Beare at the Bonfire on Gunpowder Treason Day 01. 05. 08. 
17 1 6. Pd^ohn ffloyd for entertaining 6 men yt. 

were lurk^ slaves • . •. 00. ox. 00. 

1718. Daniel ffleyd is mentioned. 
1711 j John Floyd, Jun. 

& I & Churchwardens. 

17 1 3 ) Richard Rook." 

And in the Registers the following entries. Weddings — 
" 1732. Mr. Roger Coker and Mrs. Martha ffloyd, July 4th." 

Baptisms. 1749. Thomas, of Mr. John Floyd, cler., 
Nov. ist. Elizabeth, of John Floyd, cler., Oct 2, 1750. 
Burials. 1750. John ffloyd, gent, ffeb 6." 
From a book of Churchwardens' Accounts I gather a few 
more historical items ; viz. 
" 1708. P*- Mr. Castell for cloth for y^ Surplus 

12 Els at 5*- 6^ y* £1 as Appers by his bill. . 03. 05. 00. 
1722. P^ Charles Castle for 11 Els i of fine 

Holland . . . . . . 03. 06. oi^. 

pd. for makeing the Surplies •• •• 00. 10. 00." 

Hence it appears that Mr. Charles Caslle was a Draper by 
trade, and it is a reasonable conclusion that he followed bis 
father's business. 

In a list of Churchwardens of Cranbome I find, viz. 
" 1704 ) Charles Castle 
1705 ) John Blunt." 
And in a list of Overseers of the Poor of the Parish 
•• 1710. Charles Castle, (and three others.)" 

** 1726 I ^^^^^« Castle, (and three others.)" 
Before the chancel of the Parish Church wast rebuilt in 1875 

156 Sotmrut S' Dorset NoUs <S« Qusries. 

there stood a headstone against the wall under the east window 
with an inscription, of which was legible only — ** Mr. William 
Castle. . . . 1709. . . ." T.W.W.S. 

167. Gboffrey Chaucer and Somerset. — Mr. Winslow 
Jones has kindly called my attention to the fact that Thomas 
Chancers, arm., presented to the Chantry of Newton Plecy in 
1420 (see Somerset Incumbents^ p. 406). He adds that Chaucer, the 
poet, who was bom in 1328 and died in 1400, was believed to 
have been a Forester of Petherton Park. Can anyone give 
information respecting the above-named Thomas Chaucers, arm. ? 
Thomas Chauser was one of the Exors of the Will (dated 1430) 
of Philippa, Duchess of York (see Testamenla Vetusta, p. 219). 

F. W. Weaver. 

168. Berkeley of Bruton, Somerset. — Sir Maurice 
Berkeley of Bruton, who died on the ist May, 161 7, and whose 
Post Mortem Inq,^ was taken at Bruton on the 19th Aug., 161 7, 
is said to have had issue by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Henry Killigrew, five sons all Knights, namely, Charles, Henry, 
Maurice, William and John. (Burke's Extinct Peerage^ sub. Barons 
Berkeley of Stratton). Of these, abundant evidence exists as to 
three, namely i. Sir Charles ; knighted in 1623, who in his old age 
succeeded his second son in the Viscounty of Fitzhardinge and 
died in June, 1668, {not 1688, as given by Burke.) 2. Sir William ; 
knighted at Berwick with his younger brother John on the 27th 
July, 1639, and who is named in his brother's Will as living in 
1672. 3. Sir John, knighted in 1639, created Baron Berkeley of 
Stratton in 1658. His will, dated 21 Jan., 1672, proved 2 Oct., 
1678, is printed in Howard's -^wr. Gen, et Heraldica^ v. 156. But 
I find no trace of Sir Henry and Sir Maurice, the other two sons. 
Can some correspondent say what became of them ? Sir 
Maurice, the father, had a brother Sir Henn\ who matriculated 
from Queen's College, Oxford, 13 Feb., 1589/90, being then aged 
II. He was afterwards seated at Yarlington, in Somerset, was 
M.P. for Somerset, 1626, Ilchester 1628-29 and 1640-41. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Nevill of Billingbeare, and left 
issue at his death, of whom his second son, Henry, matriculated 
from Oriel College 20 March, 1639/40, aged 16 (Foster's Alumni 
Oxonienses). The late Rev. F. Brown informed me that the Will 
of Sir Henry Berkeley of Yarlington, dated Sept. 24, 1660, was 
proved Sept. 27, 1667, ** but he is said to have died in 1660, aged 
60." This age assigned to him must be inaccurate if, as is now 
evident, he was bom about 1578. 

The date of Knighthood of Sir Henry of Yarlington does not 
seem to be recorded, nor can I find that of his alleged nephews. 
Sir Henry and Sir Maurice. I strongly suspect some confusion 
in the generations. 

W. D. Pink. 

S^miTut ^ Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 157 

[On reference to a pedigree kindly sent me some years ago 
by the late Mr. Brown, I find that Sir Maurice Berkely had four 
sons all Knights : Sir Charles (the eldest), Sir Maurice (bom 
1603), Sir John (born 1607), and Sir William (bom 1608). 

Sir Alaurice married at Braton, Jan. ist, 1648/9, Anne Lee, as 
recorded in the Braton Registers; he is there called "Mr. 
Morice Berkeley." 


169. A Form for Parish Rbgistbrs, 1781. — Is any thing 
known of the author of the following Form of Parish Registers 
(or Baptisms and Burials, which I have met with in the Register 
Chest of Winterbome Whitchurch, near Blandford, Dorset? 

The Form is interesting 

(1) As a private attempt to supply a special book for the 
purpose of registration, at a time when no such book was issued 
by authority. 

(2) On account of its connection with the Diocese of 
Salisbury, as seen in the fact that it was sold by Collins of Salis- 
bury alone among provincial booksellers, — thus suggesting that 
its compiler may have lived in or near that city. 

(3) By reason of the directions given in the Preface for 
noting events beyond the bare record of baptisms or burials. 

The book, which measures 1 1^ by Qins. consists of two separate 
Registers bound together. The first is that for Baptisms, and is 
entitled •* Proposed Form | of | Register For Baptisms. | London : 
Printed by and for J. Nichols : I sold also by Mr. Collins at Salis- 
bury. I MDCCLXXXI." 

It comprises 106 pages, viz., Title of 2 pp., Preface 5 pp., 
Space for Baptisms 93 pp., Space for Index 2 pp., and for Memor- 
anda 4 pp. Then follows a single leaf, on the verso of which the 
words *• Register for Baptisms " are hvtce printed. 

The headings under which the particulars are to be entered 
are DaU^ Age, Name of Child, and Name of Faihtrand Mother. 

Bound up with this is the Register of Burials, in which the 
particulars to be entered are Date, Name of Deceased^ Name of 
Father and Mother, Aged, Supposed cause of Death, and Where 
buried. This part has a distinct pagination, similar to the portion 
allotted to Baptisms. 

The Preface, which is unsigned, gives a brief sketch of the 
history of Registers, and enumerates certain defects which the 
author had observed in preceding Register Books, adding that 

*<It is supposed that the present fonn of a register will not be liable 
to any of these defects, as the pages are considerably wider, and the material 
good paper ; nor will it consist of more than 100 P^ges, whilst there are 
different books for births and burials, from want ot which separation great 
confusion in the entries hath frequently been occasioned." 
Then follow hints for tne proper keeping of churchyards 

t6o Somsrsei S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

veneration for the Good old Bishop "who having tried to do his 
dntj from his yonth up, with all his heart and strength, was 
content to leave the recognition of his doings to the Master 
for whom he did them." 

F. B, 

[The Editors would be pleased to receive brief notes of the 
Bishop's Life and Work at Wootton Courtney.] 

X73. The Qcantocks and thbir Associations, by the 
late Rev. W. L.Nichols. London: Sampson Low & Co., 1891. 
Pp. 114, small 8vo., cloth, 5/- with 12 illustrations. — ^This is the 
second edition, revised and enlarged, of this pleasant little book. 
Mr. A. F. Nichols, brother of the Author, assisted by Mr. Peach, 
the author of " Historic Houses in Bath,'* dfc, has fulfilled the 
wishes of the author by reprinting his " Historic Paper on the 
Quantocks,*' by adding the Illustrations and an account 
of the Dodington Tragedy, and notices of the parishes of 
Dodington, Holford, and St. Audries. We cannot agree with 
Mr. A. Nichols that Holford is Hill-ford (p. 57). The place 
occurs in Domesday under the forms Hulofort and Holeford, and 
in Kirb/s Quest as Ole/ord, 

Among the illustrations, which are very good, may be noticed 
Coleridge's Cottage at Nether Stowey, and Alfoxden, the residence 
of Wordsworth. This book should find a place on the shelves 
of every Somerset antiquary. 


174. Index Armorial — French. (8vo. pp. 115. Boston, 
Mass., 1892). — ^The Author of this book, Mr. A.D.Weld French, 
describes it on the title-page as an^'* Index Armorial to an 
Emblazoned Manuscript of the Surname of French, Franc, 
Francois, Frene, and others, both British and Foreign." It is 
privately printed in Boston, Mass. 

The Author has been at great pains to collect the various 

early forms of the name in the various counties of England, and 

gives a list of arms borne by the different families of French. 

The earliest dates at which he finds the name in Somerset 

and Dorset are 

Dorset. 1 243-4, Willielmus Le Fraunceys. 

Dorset and Somerset. 1 1 89-90, Ricardus le Franceis, mother 

Aslizea, and daughters Rohesia and Azo. 
Somerset. 1199, Robertus Franceis. 

1199, Johannes le Franceis. 


138 Somerset &> Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 

and churchpaths, and infer alia it is suggested that 

** Tnere should be, for the health and rational amusement of the 
parishioners, a dry walk all round the verge of the Churchyard, and, if there 
IS no porch to the Church, there should m a seat for the aged and infirm." 

This is a remarkable anticipation of the modem system of 
converting disused burial into recreation grounds. 

The Preface continues 

** It is hoped, that the Clergyman of every parish will, at the end 
of each year, cast up the baptisms and burials, m>m which it wQl appear, 
whether the inhabitants increase or decrease. From my inquiries, indeed, 
made in different parts of the Kingdom, it ma^ be pronouncecl, that there is 
no foundation for the melancholy apprehensions of many writers on this 

<* It has been thought right to leave six pages at the end, two of 
which are for an alphabetiod index*, to facilitate researches ; and the other 
four for any parochial event, of which it may not perhaps be improper to give 
some speamens." 

<« On of this year, the spire of the Church was struck by 

lightning, and it was most completely repaired by the munificence of A. B. 
Lord of the Manor .»* 

*' Wheat was so cheap during the present year, that it sold for 

shillings per bushel." 

" So great a flood happened on , that the water reached to ; 

and, for want of a graduated post according to act of parliament, A. B. 
was drowned in passing the ford at ." 

« This year all the roads of the parish were thoroughly mended, so as 
to be very gooid for carriages, under the direction of B. C. who for several 
years had taken upon himself the trouble of being surve3ror in order to 
accomplish this necessarv work." 

" On was buned A. B. of this parish who by the register appears 

to have been 103 years of age. He now died by accident.*' 

«* On was buried C. D. of this parish, who by the same wife had 

17 children, all of whom are now alive." 

•* This year the wall of the parish church was thoroughly repaired." 

** The bishop of the diocese confirmed in the parish church on— — 
400 persons of botn sexes ; which exceed the number of the last confirma- 

Uonby ." 

*^ This year a sickness prevailed in the parish, which occasioned 

burials within a fortnight." 

" A firost continued firom to^— . The thermometer, &c." 

C. H. Mayo. 

170. The Scottish Regalia. — It may not have been within 
the knowledge of many readers of S. S- D. N. S* Q., that a 
portion of the Scottish Regalia, viz., the belt belonging to the 
Sword presented in 1507 by Pope Julius II. to King James IV. of 
Scotland, has for many years found a resting-place in the County 
of Somerset. 

The story of the preservation of the said Regalia in 
Dunottar Castle, by its chivalrous Commandant Sir George 
Ogilvy of Barras, in 1651, is well known, and although it reads 

* Already suggested by Bigland, in his Obiervatiou* on Registers, I764« 
Page 76. 

SomiTSgi S^ Lhna N§i4s ^ Qtmus. 159 

more like romance than realitj its anthenticitj is bejrond dispute. 

The sword-belt in qoestion has remained with some direct 
member of the Ogihj familj until the present year. In May last 
the writer had the honour of exhibiting the relic before the 
Society of Antiquaries of London, and it has since our last is«uo 
been freely presented to the Scottish Nation by the Rev, S. 
Ogilvy Baker, Vicar of Mochelney, a lineal descendant of the 
gallant Sir George Ogilvy. 

It will henceforth be found with the rest of the '' Honours ** 
of Scotland, in the Crown room at Edinburgh Castle. 


171. Ilchbstxr Gaol. — Can any correspondent suppiv the 
date of the year when Ilchester Gaol was disused, — or ori\t*rv(\ 
to be, — or both ? 



172. Memorials op James Chapman, D.D., viunt 
Bishop of Colombo, (pp. 236, Skeffington & Son, LomUm), 
price 5S — ^The life of Bishop Chapman, with a selection of ItU 
Sermons and Addresses in Ceylon, was undertaken in answer to 
the expressed desire of the Church people in that island,and though 
designed primarily for their "use and edification," "it is a valuable 
addition to the Biography of the founders of the Colonial Church." 
" He laid the foundations of the Church so wisely and with such 
forethought that those who came after had only to build on them 
with the same zeal of wisdom. His very real and great work has 
never in my opinion been sufficiently recognized." So writes the 
venerable Bishop of Chichester (in his prefatory letter), who 
remembers him in his School days at Eton. The book U 
admirably edited. It sets before us the picture of a man of iU^ 
truest courage and deepest piety and humility whom to kmw 
was to love, and it " preserves the record of his wisdom and ^tf 
sacrifice in the simple form of his own letters." After U^ 
resignation of the Diocese of Colombo in consequence of br/yk^v 
health in 1861, he became Fellow of Eton, and in i86t U^>^ 
of Wootton Courtnev, Somerset, where he died 20th 0* hA^-j 
1879. While there ne rendered great help to the aged Uh*^/^ 
Phil potts in the Diocese of Exeter, by undertaking contitWM*i/Mt 
for him; and in 1868 he was asked by his own Dioc0M^^ '^^ 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, to take temporary charge t/f <.^ 
Diocese until his resignation could be earned into effect, //v-^t^ 
the two years of his residence at Wells he became well'k^^^vir^ /, 
the Clergy and Laity of Somerset, for whom these M^M-y^'^'- 
will have special interest, and they will gain from the«N * ^a^^ 

i6s Stmm mi ^ Dmui Nwits S- Qmriis. 

is aho m fSbtt aae i liHi i Ut a terminatioii -Am^, €,g.^ Branskoog, 
wbidi applies to laad thai is liable to be flooded. In these, as 
IB tbe balk of saiBes, it is the prefix that is the obscurer part. 

The second part h dt ^ hmi ^ is less doubtful. It is the AS. 
gMi^ a word almost as generic as * waj or path ' ; a word which 
in place-names is best known in connection with fords, as in 
Cricklade, Lechlade, on the Thames ; and Framilode, Abbej 
Lode, on the Serem. Bnt I imagine that the word might quite 
as easilj hare been applied to anj other sort of passage \e,g,^ 
through a marsh or a wood) as to that over a river. A water- 
course was also probably so called ; this seems to explain the 
name of an ancient church in Gloucester, viz., St. Mary de Lode. 

J. Earlb. 

Z77. With regard to the origin of the place-name Cockglode, 
I have always thought it to be Cock glade ; viz., the glade in the 
Forest frequented by the blackcocks. This house stands on a 
knoll amongst the ancient oaks of Sherwood and close to a 
beautiful glade in the Forest, which appears a very likely place 
for blackgame, indeed the late Mrs. Savile Henry Lumley, my 
predecessor here, has often told me that they used to come and 
letA with her poultry in winter. 

I have never seen that in the 23 years I have lived here, 
but they are less common now, and are now seldom seen except 
on the open heather portion of the forest known as Rufford 
Forest, a few miles from here. Another suggestion has been 
that the name indicates a glade where the woodcocks '' gladed ** 
or came to, at flight time, and were, in the days before modem 
fire arms, caught in nets at dusk. There is a place called Cock- 
glode Pastures and a Cockglode Planting adjoining, near Oxton, 
some 10 miles South of this, and that must formerly have been 
on the edge of the Forest. 

Cecil G. Savile FoLjAifBE, Cockglode. 

178. In Arch, Journal, Vol. v, p. 119, is an article by Mr. E. 
Smirke "On certain obscure words in Charters, &c., of property 
in the West of England." 

Under the head of" Cokshete " is an extract from the finding 
of a jury (Manor of Restormel) "Item ; sunt in parco praedicto 
quaedam volatse quae dicuntur cokshetes, et valent per annum i zd. 
(29 Edw. I)." Later (12 Edw. IV, & 7 Hen. VII) the returns of 
the same Manor speak of "cockrode** evidently the "cockshete" of 
the earUer period. 

Other instances are given, and they are not confined to the 
West Country. 

The terms are defined as meaning " a passage or opening 
cut in a wood for the more convenient capture of woodcocks by 
means of nets, guns or springs." 

SomiTut 6* Dorut Notts 6- Qturiss. 163 

In the Forest of Kingswood, Gloucestershire, is a "Cockroad" 
and also a "Cockshot.'* In EllsLComht's Bis/oryo/Bt//on, p. 212, 
he refers to the Arch. /our,, and gives a similar definition, with a 
woodcut of a net placed between two trees as prepared for the 
purpose suggested. 

Is not " Cocklode " or " Cogload" a variety, or corruption, of 
the same — ^the *iode" or " load " meaning a •' lead *' in the same 
waj as it is still used of water or minerals ? Or it might be "glade,** 
the "k" and "g" having, almost necessarily, united in one letter? 

Jamss R. Brambls, f.sjl 

179. May not "Cog " be a corruption of some man's name» 
and '* Load " signify a stream, or brook ? There is a Tithing 
called " Long Load *' in Martock Parish, which is situate on the 
river Yeo, and supposed to derive its name from its situation. 
There is a place called " Cogges** in Oxfordshire, and "Cogges- 
hall*' in Essex. Cogges is supposed to be a corruption of 
" Gwgan," a man's name. 

W. Daubeny, Bath. 

180. The H. D. Dorchester Farthing. (I. iv. 173, 
IL xii. 123, III. xiz. no. III. xz. 138). — Mr. Ward seems to have 
solved the meaning of the mysterious letters H.D. on the 
Dorchester farthing of 1 669. I have come round to Mr. Ward's 
opinion after carefully examining the original minute book of the 
Corporation of Dorchester, in which the order for these farthings 
is entered. 

Before examining the minute book I was inclined to the 
opinion that H.D. was intended for A.D., the H being executed 
by someone who had misread a carelessly written old-fashioned 
square-headed capital A. The minute, dated Feb. 12, 1668, lends 
some colour to this view, as it is directed therein that there shall 
be placed " under H D ye date of ye Lord." But the letters H.D. 
occur not once but three times in the minute, and although the 
first of the three monograms might read either as A.D. or as H.D., 
the two repetitions seem clearly intended to indicate H.D. 
and not A.D. In the same volume of proceedings of the Corpora- 
tion, there occurs at the side of an entry of a minute dated 18 
October, i659,another monogram compounded of the letters H.M., 
indicating the name of Mr. Henry Maber, one of the Town Bailiffs. 
The letters H.D,, as they appear upon the farthing, would seem 
prima facie unlikely to be intended to mean Dorchester Hospital 
(f ./. poorhouse), for one would naturally expect the collocation of 
the letters to be D.H. and not H.D. But when it is borne in 
mind that, as shown in the minute from the treble repetition 
of the monogram in the Council minute, the evident intention 
was that the two letters should appear on the farthing conjoined 
in monogram form and not as two separate letters, the difficulty 

164 Somcrsit 6- Dorset Notes S^ Queries. 

as to the order of their sequence disappears, for it is not easy to 
arrange them in a monogram form, unless the H. is placed before 
the D. It might further be raised as an objection, that the Town 
Council would not be likely to link the issue of these farthings with 
the existence of the Dorchester Hospital, but such an objection 
teems to be answered, first, by the fact that the control of the 
Hospital was in the hands of the Corporation, whose time, as is 
evident from the minutes, was much occupied in attending to its 
affairs, and secondly, from the fact that the very minute ordering 
the farthings in question regards them, not as needed for the 
burgesses at large, but expressly speaks of them as to be pro* 
cared '* for ye benifitt off ye pore. 


181. RocKB Family. — ^Two distinct families bearing this 
somewhat uncommon name were living in Somerset in the 
sixteenth and following centuries. 

Richard Rocke of Over Eggleton in the parish of Bishop's 
Frome, Herefordshire, had two sons, viz., Richard Rocke who 
died in 16 16, being then Vicar of Laycock, Wilts, and Thomas 
Rocke who was presented to the Vicarage of Butleigh, Somerset, 
in 1577 and died in 1633. He was a man of some wealth, and 
left two sons, John and Thomas. The latter became the resident 
squire of the parish, the former its vicar, and from them — and 
especially from the elder son, who died in 1679 — there descended 
a series of Rockes, who held respectable positions in the county, 
and possessed considerable property in the neighbourhood of 
Glastonbury. Whether any male representative now exists I am 
unable to say. 

Another family of much longer standing in the county were 
the Rockes of Yeovil and the neighbouring parish of Closworth. 
The name of Richard Rocke occurs in the accounts of the 
Churchwardens of Yeovil in 1457, John Rock was Churchwarden 
of the parish in 1627, and in 1640 Thomas kocke ''an able and 
sufficient inhabitant," verified the losses sustained by the town 
through a fire. 

The Rockes of Closworth were probably a branch of the 
Yeovil family. Ellis Rocke was bailiff of Closworth for 
Montacute Priory in 1534. His will was proved at P.C.C., 
21 May, 1569, by his son William, a substantial yeoman, who 
died in 1614. He was succeeded by Richard Rocke, one of 
whose daughters, Grace, married John Dawe of Chelborough, 
CO. Dorset, (ffer. Vis. 1640.) So the family went on, occupying 
the same lands either as owners or lessees, living the same simple 
lives of small country squires and rising to no importance. The 
younger children went out into the world and seem to have been 
fond of legal pursuits. There are some curious Communion 
vessels in Closworth Church, Delftware edged with silver, pre- 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queties. 165 

sented in the early part of the last century by Thomas Rock and 
Richard Rock. The former was a wealthy Proctor of Doctors* 
Commons, London, and the latter was Town Clerk of Wells, in 
which Cathedral there is a slab to his memory. In thd next 
generation the elder son, John Rocke of Closworth, married an 
heiress— Catherine, daughter of Robert Hardy of Up Sydling, 
and thus acquired an estate in the adjoining county, and the 
younger son, William Rocke, became Judge Advocate of the 
Grand Fleet, and died in 1706 while serving with it in the Medi- 
terranean. The last male heir of the family was John Helyar Rocke, 
who practised as a solicitor both in London and at Wells, and 
died in 1852 at a very advanced age. His mother, who had been 
left a widow at an early age, encumbered the property to such an 
extent that her son had to part with it. Mr. Rocke (my maternal 
grandfather) was buried at Closworth (with which parish his 
family had been connected for more than three centuries), and, 
so far as I know, no one of the name is now to be found in that 

Charles J. Robinson, Horsham Vicarage. 

[A certain William Rocke is mentioned in the next Article. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

182. William Holway, Rector of N. Cheriton.— Mr. 
W™- Holway, Rector of N. Cheriton, Somersetshire, was seized on 
in time of sermon by some fellows, who threatened to shoot him. 
He foretold the death of one of his persecutors, which fell out 
accordingly, he being devoured with lice and worms, as many of 
the parish testified. 

[Spelman's History of Sacrilege^ Edn., 1853, PP» '» sO 
W°>- Holway held the living in 1 66». 
Walker, p. 273, says: 

" Willelmus Holway, amoto Will. Rocke, banc ecclesiam 
paulisper occupavit sed milites rebelles virum erga regem benigne 
animatum in fugam detruserunt usque donee Carolus rex ad 
imperium redierat." 

{Somerset Incumbents, p. 54.] F. W. W. 

183. Dorset administrations. — Continued. — (H. ix. 10, 
X. 49, xi. 78, xii. 1 1 3, xiii. 1 50, xiv. 178, xv. 2 1 7, xvi. 243, HL xvii. 8, 

xviii. S7>x>»- 94»»c- «5«0 


OrAntM h Rtlatlonihip I>at« of 

Folio. Nam« of Deo6M6(L Pariah. to Deoeaaed. Adminiatratloii 

87 Atkins, William Milbome St. Agnes, relict 23 ApL, 1639 

87 Bidgegood,Robert Fordington Catherine, relict 27 ApL, 1620 

80 Coggan, John Lyme Regis Henry Coggan, kinsman; 3 Mar., 1628 

Joane, relict, and 
Christopher, brother, 


Saaumt &^ Dantt Natas ^ ^^usna. 

76 Doyly, Norris 

loi Farsdon, PetronilU Chardstnrk 

124 Hanham, John, 

87 Hill, Christopher 
113 Hill, Dorothy 

Jq&k Do^'f ^ of Maiie- 
boBong^u Wi£tSy ges: 

oCUcsola^ duster of 

Alexander Ho Hockey 
creditor^ WtUnm, son, 
Wy ui bm ue Jolm Pyne^ ana; md 
Ifinster Eleanor Pyne al's 
Hanhaip, his wife« 
daughter of deceased 
(former grant, Jan., 
1625, renounced) 

Joane, relict 

Robert, brother 


27 Feb., 1628 

28 June, 1629 
26 Oct., 1629 

119 Howard, WHliam 
loi Hurst al*s Huntley, Poole 

16 ApL, 1629 
24 Aug., 1629 

21 Nov., 1629 
26 June, 1629 

75 JoBiffc, Thomas 

^1* j3f.AgMS 



^m Xi^Srt-^ Roger, Poole 


iQi itoie; J^gneSk 



Wymborae Thomas, brother 

John Hurst, husband 
(grant in Feb., 1624, 
John Briscoe, of St. Dun- 14 Feb., 1628 
stalls iu the West, 
Citizen and Merchant 
of London, creditor; 
Martha, relict, renounc- 
Wmiam. son, and Lucy 16 Dec, 1629 
Wilies al's Joy, dau- 
Arthur Radford, jun., of 21 Nov., 1629 

Divelish, gen ; nephew 
John, son 13 Oct., 1629 

Milton Abbas James Ravvson 12 Nov. 1629 

WaymoiiiJi Fl-auces Clarke al's Pit, 14 May, 1629 
and Melconibe sister 

Joane, sister 14 Jan., 1628 

Cassandra Knapton al's • 9 May, 1629 
Spamowe, wife of 
Renal d Knapton, gen; 
Henry, ion 18 June, 1629 

4 Nov. 1029 





William, brother 



Joan^ relict 
Edith, relict 

21 Oct. 1630 
3 Sep., 1630 

Sp«EddMtty Edmund BoMrver, junr-i 31 May, 1630 
arm; son; AnneWhite 
iFs Bowyer, relict, re- 

Sowursit &» Dorsit Notes 6- Queries. 


ftUo. NtB* of DMeM0d. Faziah. 
157 Chapman, John, Haydon 

195 Chase, WtUiam Stockland 
153 Dewy, Thomas Shapwick 

S02 Famitleioy al's seaRideout 

102 Froome, T^^lliam Beere Regis 
207 Gould, James Dorchester 

194 Harvey, Matthew Wareham 
197 Hnles, Martin Chardstock 

IS7 Joyce al's Persey, see Persey 

196 Maydmanal'sBly, see Bly 

167 Michell, William Biidport 

157 Persey al's Joyce, Mamehull 

172 Phulips, Roger, Abbottsbnry 

158 Punch, Tolnas Wotton 

202 Rideout al's Alweston 

Fanntleroy, Mary 
202 Salter, Anne AVhitchnrch 

185 Sherlie, William Bagbere 
i6| Smith, Predie Hawkchorch 

156 Welstead, Mary Milton Abbas 

OnntM A Relationship 

William Stone, of City of 
New Sarom, Lvnnen 
Draper, "avuncmo" of 
deceased who was son 
and heir of John Chap- 
man, sen'i of Haydon 

Charity, relict 

T^Uiam, son, of St. Ebbs, 
City of Oxford, Master 
of Arts 

John, brother 

Gilbert Loder. executor of 
will of Joane Gould, 
relict of deceased, who 
did not fully administer 
(former grant June, 

Joane, relict 

Bridget Clarke, wife of Tho- 
mas Clarke, '^amite" 
of Elizabeth Hules 
daughter of deceased, 
during her minority 

John Chafiy of Stoke^under 
Hambden, Somt., hus- 
band of Mary Chaffey 
of William Chambers, 

Francis Persey, husband 

John Marshallshay of Put- 
ton, Dorset, gen. 
Thomas, brother 

WHliam Rideout, husband 

Arthur Knight and Ursula 
Knight al's Salter, 
his wife, daughter of 
Mary, relict 
Elizabeth, mother 
Leonard Welstead, of 
Harefield, Middx^gent., 

Data of 


24 Mar., 1629 

18 Oct., 1630 
II Feb., 1629 

6 Nov., 1630 
22 Dec., 1630 

22 Oct., 1630 
30 Nov., 1630 

6 May, 1630 

24 Mar., 1629 
8 June, 1630 
20 Mar., 1629 
20 Nov., 1630 
29 Nov., 1630 

12 Aue.. 1630 
27 Apr., 1630 
18 Feb., 1629 

1631 to 1633. 

120 Adyn, John Dorchester Margaret Cheeke, widow, 4 Aug., 163a 

daughter, with consent 
of Christian, relict 

1 68 Somerset 6* Dorset Notes &» Queries. 

Grantee A Relatioiitbip Date of 

Folio. Name of Deoeaied. Parish. to Deceased. Admlnittration. 

i8o Aldworth, Anna Bristol Mathew AldworthofSluo- 3 July, 1633 

ton, gent., brother 

49 Barber, Henry Alton Pancras Joane, relict 31 Aug., 163 1 
109 Barber al*s see Chepman 

Chepman, Henry 
137 Barnes, Barthol- Charmouth Agnes, relict 6 Nov., 1632 

1 15 Barnes, John Corffe Mullen Richard, brother isjulv. 1632 

22 Bla3rney. David, late Vicar of Catherine, rdict 16 Api., 163 1 

der. Burstock 

202 Bowyer al's Cole, Hampreston Christopher Bowyer, bro- 6 Nov., 1633 
Martha ther 

27 Bradstock, Joseph Witchampton Henry, son 23 May, 1631 

141 Browne, John Corffe Castle Edith, relict 20 Dec, 1632 

81 Bryne, Richard Buckland John, brother 6 Feb., 1 63 1 

140 Bunkley, William Biyanston Sibelle, relict 22 Dec., 1632 

169 Chepman al's Alton Pancras Owen, brother : Ann, late 27 May, 1633 
Barber, Henry relict, not having fully 

202 Cole al*s Bowyer, see Bowyer 

155 Collins, John Braphold Ursula, relict 5 Mar., 1632 

161 Daccomb, Selina Divelish Thomas Baskett of Holwell 25 Apl., 1633 

ar ; son 
58 Davies, William Gillingham Joane Greene, *'nepti ex 3 Oct., 1631 

filia," with consent of 
Edith Greene, widow, 
sister of deceased 

50 Doogood, Thomas, KingstonLacy Thomas, father 31 Aug., 1631 

169 Droven al*s see Okeley 

Okdey, Mary 

20 Eastmond, Joan Chardstock Thomas, son 23 Apl., 1 63 1 

87 Fryal*sGoodall, Tarrant George Fry, husband 11, 1631 

Duldbella Hinton 

201 Geare, David Waymouth Mary, relict 2 Nov., 1633 

87 Goodall al*s Fry, see Fry 

II Goodddl, David Tarrant Bartholomew ColwiU, of 9 Feb., 1630 

Hinton Barwick, Wilts, yeo- 
man, creditor; Dmsa- 
bella, relict, renouncing 

202 Grea8ley,Walsing- Sherborne George Greasley, miles, 9 Nov., 1633 

ham brother 

135 Guppy, John Frampton Richard Croade, creditor ; 20 Nov., 1632 

Elizabeth, relict, not 
181 Guyer, Robert Wa3rmouth Marian, relict 12 July, 1632 

161 Hawkins, Thomas Blandford Margaret, relict 25 Apl., 1633 

18 Hiv, William Burstoke Robert, nephew : John, 2 Apl., 1631 

brotber of deceased, not 

Sotmrsit 6- Dorset Notes 6- Queries. 169 

OrtntM A RelttionBhlp Date of 

Polio. Name of DooeaMd Pirith. to DacMMd. AdmlnUtratSon. 

130 Hoddcr, George Litton Edward, gen.; brother, 6 Oct., 1632 

daring minority of 
Doromy, daughter 
22 Hoard, William Folke William tauntleroy, ar., i3Apl., 1631 

next of kin 

87 Hassey, Giles Edmondsham Margaret, relict 24 Mar., 163 1 

155 Larder, Robert Loders William, son 27 Mar., 1632 

4 Lcvitt,Christophcr Sherborne Frances, relict 22 Jan., 1630 

12 Lockett al's Charleton John Lockett, husband 27 Feb., 1630 

Warren, Winifred Marshall 
4 Mabley al's see Willdns 

Wilkms, Thomas 
31 Masters, Robert Sherborne Dorothy, relict 2 May, 1631 

87 Mathewe, Roger Stockland Olive, relict 24 Mar., 163 1 

175 Meere, Henry Sherborne Magdalen, relict 11 May, 1633 

73 Newton, John Lyme Regis William Searle, father-in- 15 Dec, 1631 

law ; revoked, fresh 
lettersgranted Oct. 1633 
198 Newton, John Lyme Regis Bernard, brother 15 Oct., 1633 

169 Okeley, al*s Cranbome William Willis, of Piddle- 20 May, 1633 

Droven, Mary towne, gen ; during 

minority of Nicholas 
Okeley, son 
194 Okedon, William, MooreKirchell Robert Dashwood, gen. 7 Oct., 1633 
ar : creditor.with consent of 

children of deceased 

Geo. S. Fry. 
{To be continued,) 

184. Hbll, as a Place-name. (Ill.xix. 103, xx. 130,1,2.) — 
What Professor Earle speaks of as " an ancient name-element of 
this form " has been familiar to me for many years. I am 
acquainted with twelve to fifteen instances as occurring in the 
North Riding (or scarcely out of it), without going further afield. 
Thus, in " Ministers' Accounts " touching Whitby, there is an 
entry '* de ivs. de redditu unius gardini vocati Helle." The exact 
position of this " garden called Hell *' is known ; St. Anne's 
Lane (a narrow, steep lane leading from the lower end of Flower- 
gate on to St. Anne's Staith) having been called *' Hell Lane " 
several years subsequently to my first acquaintance with Whitby. 
Again, in two charters by a noble donor to Rievaulx Abbey, 
(which date about the last quarter of the 1 2th century) mention 
is made of the gift of an acre of meadow " in australi parte 
dominii sui de Hella.'* This was in Allerston, near Ebberston, 
in the Scarborough direction. As to place-names depending on the 
composition of some other element with the prefix hel, hell^ helU^ 
or hella, they are so far from uncommon that, in the Guisborough 
Cartulary,, on pp. 10, 11, the name Hellewath occurs as the 
name of two waths or fords, distant the one from the other at 
least nine or ten miles. Besides which there is a third Hellwath 

I70 Somerset <S* Dorset Notes &• Queries. 

(extant under that name still) some ten miles or so, a little to the 
east of south of the second of its two namesakes just specified. 
Besides these I find Hellebek, Helewyk, Helewald named, in one 
instance or more, in deeds printed in the Cartularies of Whitby, 
Guisborough, and Rievaulx. I may also cite Hell-kettle an old 
name applied to a remarkable rift or gully in this parish ; Hell 
Scar, designating a singular precipitous declivity very near 
Mulgrave Castle. I have also a note of Heldeclyf, which I 
believe to be miswritten for Helleclyf ; and all these exclusive of 
other old names beginning with Helre, Heller, or Hellar, which 
I am inclined to refer to another connection. 

Now, as the district in which all these names have been (or 
are yet) applied is certainly of less area than forty miles square, 
and as I have observed several others of the same character as 
occurring within the same limits, it is not superfluous to remark 
that the idea involved in this class of nomenclature must have 
been a singularly common or familiar one. I notice also that 
while Bosworth*s Anglo-Saxon Dictionary quotes eighteen com- 
pound words in which the first element is Hel, Hell, or Helle, 
Stratmann*s Middle English Dictionary (Bradley's Edition) gives 
fifteen like. Allowing for the fact that there are several duplicates 
in the two lists, still the element of commonness or familiarity 
remains. And for one, I cannot but think that the idea which is 
80 common in the Dictionary set of compounds is also the idea 
which is so common in the local nomenclature set of compounds ; 
an idea closely connected with what Skeat describes as the 
"original sense" of our English word hell: — viz., "the hidden 
or unseen place." For certainly the notion that is involved in 
such expressions and terms as " to descend into hell," '* hellpit," 
"the depths of hell," " helle-hole," "helle-grund (bottom of 
hell)/* " descensus Avemi," " hurled into hell," " sink into hell," 
" fall into hell," and a hundred others is equally common and 
significant. And if anyone speaks of the " bottomless pit," or 
the "depths of hell," who is there but at once accepts and 
assimilates the idea involved ? In the same way, I have been 
now for years, in thinking about place-names and their derivation, 
accustomed to associate the ideas of depth, steep declivity, hidden- 
ncss either or all three, with the places or objects distinguished 
by names having heii, or some form of the same word, as their 
orefix. Certainly, all those which I have been enabled to identify 
bear out the impression indicated. Hell at Whitby was at the 
foot of a steep cliff; the Hellewaths were (or are) fords with 
gteep overhanging bank or banks ; hell-beck (a name which in 
this district of deep, narrow dales with mountain streams running 
alMie their depths, alternates with " holbeck "), a deep-bedded 
^^ Ki/^dftn from view till one is almost upon it, while Hellewald 
^*i oora>ound name Hellewaldes-keld (cf. Prof. Earle's Helle- 
i^^, is ahnest «o« descriptive still. ^^ ^_ ^^^^^^^^ 

Somerset & Dorset Notes 6- Queries. 171 

185. Mr. Moule't query seems to have started a wide subject. 
The sjUable ' ffe// or one of its equivalents, in a place-name, 
has probably more than one or even two significations. In old 
Cornish words it may mean an arm of the sea ; from el ^3. limb, 
or according to some authorities, from hejf/ or eyie = an estuary ; 
which in its turn may be derived from haian=isalt. Thus If ay le, 
near St. Ives, means a salt water river, or a river which receives the 
waters of the sea. 

The Helford river, near Helston, is HeylioxA or Ifeiifoxd, and 
has no connexion with the ' Bel * of the town, but is, or was once, 
a shallow estuary.* 

i5?lf/ston is considered by Mr. E. Hoblyn Pedler, of Liskeard, 
to be a corruption of **//^if-/i>-ton"=the Old Court Town, as 
it appears in Domesday. 

Liys in Welsh = /« — lez, in Annoric, signifies a "Court — 
hall — palace." Lis (anciently Lys) in Liskeard, according to 
Dr. Pryce has the same meaning. 

For further notes on this subject see an Appendix, by Mr. E. 
H. Pedler, to The Ancient Cornish Drama, by E. Norris, late Sec. 
Royal Asiatic Society. (Oxford, 8vo., 1859.) 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

186. In the eighteenth century the Dublin Law Courts 
occupied the site of the Cloister attached to Christchurch Cathe- 
dral, and the Exchange that of the Chapterhouse. The medieval 
passage adjoining the Chapterhouse and leading eastward from 
the Cloister was at that period known as HelL 


187. In this parish of Pitcombe, Somerset, there is a road- 
way known as Hell Ladder Lane. No doubt this is a corruption, 
and the fact that the lane is perilously steep for anything on 
wheels may account for the form which the name has assumed. 
But what was the original form ? Perhaps some of the readers 
of S. 6f D. N.& Q. can assist me. 

D. E. Norton. 

188. A farm in the parishes of Lytchett Minster and 
Lytchett Matravers, Dorset, now known as Hill Farm, was for- 
merly called Hell Farm. 

H.F., Lytchett Minster. 

189. It may be mentioned that the word Hell, as a place-name, 
frequently occurs in the Register of Long Sutton, Somerset, e.g.^ 

* The river at Padstow is also known to have once borne a nmilar name in 
the iorm of " eyle." 


172 Somerset <5- Dorset Notes 6* Queries, 

•• William, son of Richard Bull at hell," was baptised 5 Feb., 
1 580- 1. In the next century the name is written Heale, — ^thus, 
**Mary, dr. of Richard Bull of Heale," baptised 23 April, 1615. 

This place appears to have been a farm in the parish of 
Long Sutton, and is now called " Charity Farm," from the cir- 
cumstance of its connection with a Quaker Charity. One of the 
fields, however, constituting the farm, is still known by the name 
of Heale, Hele, or Hale Close. 

There was formerly a cloth-mill at Upton, a hamlet in the 
same parish, called ** Heale-Mills." 

I am told that Hull Farm, in Horsington, Somerset, was 
formerly called '* Hell " Farm, and that '* Hell Corner " is the 
name given to an angle in the lane leading from Chetnole to 
Melbury Bubb, Dorset. 


190. I am much obliged to Professor Earle and Mr. Page 
for the attention which they have bestowed on this puzzle of mine 
about the ghastly looking place-name. I cannot say, however, 
that either gentleman's suggestion quite carries conviction of its 
being the true solution. There is not, as far as I can see, any- 
thing in either the Weymouth or the Dorchester " Hell " to 
account for the name in the German sense. " bright." And as 
to its meaning •* hel," *• steep," Hell Lane, Weymouth, is a dead 
level, and Pease Lane, the site of the Dorchester " Helle," has 
only a very gentle slope. 

H. J. MouLE, Dorchester. 

191. Captain Peter Jolliffe. — ^The following copy of 
a contemporary street ballad, for which we are indebted to the 
kindness of Lieut.-Col. William Long of Congresbury, Somerset, 
narrates the valliant exploits of Peter Jolliffe in 1694, against 
French Privateers, of which a brief outline may be read in 
Hutchins, I, p. 14-15. (3rd edit.) The gold medal granted him 
by William and Mary, which formerly belonged to Rev. Peter 
Wm. Jolliffe, his descendant, and Incumbent of Poole, 1791, and 
many years subsequently, is now in the possession of another 
member of the family. 

This Dorset worthy died 12 Nov., 1730, in his 72nd year. 
At the same reference in Hutchins may be read an account of 
the gallantry of William Thompson. 

The ballad is printed literatim^ as it stands in Col. Long*s MS. 

Editor for Dorset. 

SoMirsit S* DofSit Notis &» Queries. 




A brief account of the seueral nobele attempts and valliant exploits perform'd 
\fv the honoured captain Peter JolHff oner the french Priuateers to his unspeak- 
able praise, and the honor of tlie Kingdom, in general tune of Captain hastins^ 
or, the fealous Louer. 

Right valliant Thomson, brave and 

a medcJ had and chain of gold 
for taking a french privateer ; 
bat now anither captain hear 

Hatb sins receiuM the same reword, 
for nobel actions don one bord, 
deserving more then common fame, 
stout Peter Jolleff coPd by name. 

He more than one or twice did fight, 
and put french priviteers to flight, 
as by the sequel vou shall find, 
wich shos his bold nndanted mind. 

The first thing i shall menshon hear 
sailing from Poole a privateer 
commanded Jolli£f to strick sail, 
yet they could not with him preuaU. 

The french, they shot and shot in vain ; 
with sweling sails, and bold disdain, 
braue Jollifte he stear'd on his way, 
as scorning to bcome their pray. 

The daring french he did defie, 
though he had then on borde his hye 
bat one poor single man and boy, 
yet clear he got with plesent ioy. 

Take not^s now of one thing more 
in the leate year of ninty four, 
upon the twentieth day of May 
a royal ship at anchor Laye 

In Waymouth rode, whear did advans 
to rouing priuateers of frans 
who having cut her cabel then 
and saild her of with might and main, 
When ualliant Jolliff this behold, 
his soul was straight with courage filld ; 
Quoth he, ill man my bot with speed, 
and soon retake that prize, or bled. 
Six men he had, and boys but four, 
his hole bots crue contain no more, 
one mounted gun, and that was all, 
except som arms of musket ball. 

He crau'd a blessing from aboue, 
that god would of ms gracious Loue 
vouch safe to gide aud guard him still, 
then forth he saild with right good wilL 

Now while he plowd the ocean wide, 
the priuateers at length he spyd, 
ndiome he did charge with might and 

till he retooke that ship again. 

One of the privateers he chast, 
who for to saue their lines in haste 
did to the nearest shore repair, 
but peter catched them napping there. 

Then without any more ado, 
the mounsieur captain and his crue, 
stout peter JoUiii toock that day, 
and brought them clo^ confined away. 

For this braue ualliftAt act, behold, 
he has receiu'd a chain of gold, 
a medel and commission too, 
that he the frencU may still pursue. 

Another priuateer \it found 
wich gafe a man a mortal wound, 
and did maliciously destroy 
a poor and harmles fisher boy. 

This privateer he put to flight, 
and had near taken them out right, 
had not the gloomy night draw near 
wich caused them to disappear. 

What e'er he took in hand did thriue ; 
behold, this year of ninty fine, 
full twenty sail of fishermen 
he fred from cruel Rouers then. 

He had but one great gun abord 
and two young lads, wich did afford 
but slender help, yet ne'er the less 
thay flew befor him in destress. 

This privateer which he forsook, 
it was the same that thomson took 
next day, therfore it will appeear, 
file men like those of dosset -shire. 

Let their renowned actions be 
recorded to posterity, 
that others, nearing of their fame, 
may striue to immitate the same. 


Somersit S» Dorset Notts &» Quiries. 

xg2. Armorial Badge found at Templecombs. — The 
badge, of which an engraving is given above, was found in 1886 
in quarrying the garden of some new cottages, on the north side of 
the road from the Templar Buildings at Templecombe, with 
remains of burnt buildings and bones and teeth of sheep, horse, 
cow, dog, and boar's tusks. 

Eubule Lestrange held the manors of Blandford, Kingston 
Lacey, and Beer, Temp. Hen. VI., in right of his wife, Alice, 
Countess of Lincoln. 

We are greatly indebted to Mr. T. H. M. Bailward for the 
loan of the badge, and to the Rev. F. E. Peart for his drawing of 
it. It was sent to Mr. W. H. St. John Hope, Secretary of the 
Society of Antiquaries, and we append his letter to Mr. 
Bailward : — 

" Soc. Antiq. Lond. 


•' Dear Sir, 

I return the badge, with many apologies for having kept it so 
long. It is of late 15th or early i6th century date — ^that is, 
English medieval — and the arms are probably those of Le Strange : 
Gules, two /ions passant argent within a hordure engrailed or. 
The red enamel has become oxidized to green. 
Kindly acknowledge receipt. 

Yours faithfully, 

W. H. St. John Hope." 

[With reference to the last paragraph the red enamel can still 
be seen in very minute particles in one or two places. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

SoMifut 6* Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 175 

193. Old Local Newspapers and Magazines.— I am 
looking up particulars of the invasion-scare that took place at 
Weymouth, Maj ist, 1804, but have not as yet been able to find a 
contemporary account, except in the Lady's Journal, A file of 
the Sherborne Journal oixYit date would doubtless have a paragraph 
respecting the occurrence ; but neither the British Museum nor 
the newspaper office at Sherborne possesses the required issue. 
kaj help in this direction would much oblige. 

Tho. B. Groves, Weymouth. 

194. Ladt O'Looney's Burial Place. — In Everyhodys 
Book of Epiiaphsy p. 95, I find : — 

(From a Churchyard in Dorsetshire.) 

** Here lies the body 



Great Niece of Burke, 

Commonly called the Sublime. 

She was 

Bland, passionate, and deeply religious ; 

Also she painted 

In Water colours, 

And sent several pictures 

To the Exhibition. 

She was first Cousin 

To Lady Jones, 

and of such 

Is the Kingdom of Heaven.'* 

Can anyone tell me where this Churchyard is ? 

Albert Bankes. 

195. Family of Earle (£rle or Earl).— I shall be 
grateful to any readers of •?. & D, N.& Q. who can give me some 
information respecting the various families of Earle. I am anxious 
to trace the connection between the families of this name, who 
have at one time or other settled in Somerset, Dorset, Devon, 
Wilts, Hants, Berks, Essex, Lines., and Yorks. The late Canon 
Jackson satisfied himself that they sprang from the ancient familv 
of ** de Erlegh," their original home being Somerton Eriegh 
(Erie), where they settled a century after the conquest. There 
was also an influential family named Giles Earle at Escourt, near 
Malmesbury, Wilts. The Hampshire Earles migrated to that 
county from Dorset in the time of Henry II. 

Charles S. Earle, Little Langford Rectory, Wilts. 

196. Fry's Well, Chilcompton. — I have been informed 
that there is a well at Chilcompton, Somerset, called Fry's Well. 
Can anyone tell me if this correct, and, if so, the origin of the 

Geo. S. Fry, Caedmon, Albert Road, Walthamstow. 

176 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

197. Calendar of Dorset Wills. — Readers of 5". & D. 
N. & Q. will be pleased to hear that the publication of the 
Calendar of Wills and Administrations, preserved in the Probate 
Registry at Blandford, was commenced in Part 50 of the Index 
Library, Dec, 1892. Persons interested should communicate 
with Mr. E. A. Fry, 172, Edmund Street, Birmingham, the 
Hon. Secretary of the British Record Society, by which the 
Index Library is issued. 

Editor for Dorset. 

198. Somerset and Dorset Folk-Lore. — A person who 
came from South-West Somerset informed me that servants, on 
going to a new " place," should always take with them a farthing 
and a piece of salt. 

[The Editors desire to say that they will always be pleased to 
receive Notes on the Folk-Lore of the two counties.] 

199. Bartholomew Wesley of Charmouth, Dorset. — 
In the Memorials of the Wesley Family^ 1876, by G. J. Stevenson, 
it is stated that Bartholomew Wesley, who was placed in charge 
of Charmouth on the sequestration of the Benefice during the 
Civil War, was the third son of Sir Herbert Wesley, of Westleigh, 
Devon, born 1596, educated at Oxford, ordained Priest, married 
in 16 1 9, Ann, dr. of Henry Colley of Castle Carbery, Ireland, 
and died about the year 1680, aged 84. 

Unfortunately no authorities are quoted for most of these 
statements, and in particular for the link connecting Bartholomew 
with Sir Herbert, which Mr. Stevenson appears to have discovered. 
Can such authorities be pointed out ? 

As to Bartholomew Wesley's education at Oxford, it is note- 
worthy that neither Foster's Alumni Oxonienses, nor the Register 
of the University of Oxford^ as published by the Oxford Histori- 
cal Society, contams his name. Calamy {Continuation, Vol. I, 
p. 429,) does not assert that he was at Oxford, but says, " as to 
this Mr. Westley, he having applied himself to the study of 
Physick as well as Divinity, while he was in the University, was 
after consulted as a Physician even while he was in his Living." 


200. Willis — Drury. — (III. xix. ioi,xx. 140.) — It is not 
diflScult to supply the evidence that Humphry Willis was married 
to Martha Drury. 

In the volume of Wells Chapter Acts between 1591 — 1607, 
on f. 198. p. 250.. are certain minutes of Chapter, which are thus 
summarized in the calendar published by the Historical MSS. 
Commission {Report on Wells Manuscripts, p. 250) : — 

Sofmrssi cS* Dorsst Notss <5- QuerUs. 177 

"On the same day (Oct. 2, 1606,) Humphry Willis and 
Martha Dnirie submitted themselves to the Chapter for having 
procured matrimony in the Cathedral at an unlawful hour — 
between eight and nine before noon — ^without banns or licence." 
The proceedings in Chapter, as given in detail, may have 
some interest : — 

Oct. 2. "Continuato capitulo inter horas octavam et 
undecimam ante meridiem— officium dominorum versus Humfridum 
Willis infra libertatesecclesiae CathedralisWellensiscommorantis." 
Notatur — •* That he procured matrimony to be solemnized in the 
Cathedral Church of Wells between himself and Martha Drurie, 
now his pretended wife, at an unlawful hour without bannes 
published and without any licence obtained." 

*'Quo die comparuit dictus Willis et primo et ante omnia 
snbmisit se ipsum, quo facto, dominus decanus predictus objecit ei 
detectionem ; cui respondendo dominus Willis fassus est quod 
matrimoniun inter eum et Martham Drurie, alias Willis, modo ejus 
uxorem in ecclesia Cathedrali Wellen. inter horas octavam et 
nonam ante meridiem 15 Septembris ult. preteriti per quendam 
dominum Thomam Smith clericum nuper curatum de LuUington 
nullis bannis matrinlonialibus nee ulla licentia obtentis solemnizare 
procuravit, submittendo se ipsum. 

Unde dominus decanus pronuntiavit eum incidisse in 
sententiam excommunicationis et pro excommunicato in ecclesia 
Cathedrali Wellensi predicta tempore celebrationis divinorum 
publice denunciari et declarari." 

In the same form of words **dicta Drurie alias Willis comparuit 
et submisit," &c., and was pronounced excommunicate. 

Then the parties present at the marriage one after the other 
submit themselves, and in like form are excommunicated — viz., 
Thomas Hallett, Alicia Croker * commorant * within the liberties 
of the Cathedral Church, and Roger Bourne, servant of the Dean, 
* inserviens vel famulus prefati magistri Benjameni Heydon decani. 
Of him, as of the other two : Notatur — ** That he was present in 
the Cathedral Church of Wells at the solemnizing of a pretended 
marriage betwixt the aforesaid Henry Willis and Martha Drury 
alias Willis at an unlawful tyme without any license obtayned or 
bannes published " — for which they have fallen under the sentence 
of excommunication. 

The parties were under sentence of excommunication twenty- 
six days. 

On October 28, 1606, the husband and wife, and the three 
witnesses appeared again "in domo capitulari" before the 
worshipful " viris venerabilibus," Benjamin Heydon, S. T. P., 
Dean, Robert Wright, Treasurer, William Powell, Canons resid- 
entiary, in presence of Thomas Maicock, notary. 

Humphrey Willis, an excommunicated person, "petiit beneli- 
cium absolutionis a sententia excommunicationis," and took 


176 Somerset S* Dorset Notes &» Queries. 

corporal oath on the Gospels " de comparendo juri et standi '* — 
•• unde dicti dimiserunt dictum Willis ab oflScio suo.'* 

In like manner Martha Drury " absoluta est et relaxatur ab 
officio suo/' and Hugo Hallett, Alicia Croker and Robert Bourne 
arc absolved. {Chapter Acts^ f. 200.) 

This is the evidence for the marriage in the Cathedral, and 
of the exercise of ecclesiastical discipline by the Dean and 
Chapter in 1 606. 

I should like on the other hand to know on what evidence Mr. 
Jewers, in his book on the monuments in Wells Cathedral, p. 
73, thinks that this family of Willis ** took the name of Compton 
on inheriting the property of that family at Ringwood, Hants." 

As I am writing, it may not be out of place to mention that 
* Coleridge ' whose translation of the epitaph is given in Mr. 
Jewers' book, is the present Chief Justice of England not Samuel 
Taylor Coleridge. 

C. M. Church, Wells. 

20X. Regional Names in Somerset. — One only of these 
survives in popular use, viz., Taunton Dean, but there have been 
many others, e,g. 

1. Gordenland or Gordenc. See Remarks. 

2. Wedmoreland, the island of sound land surrounded by the 

marshes of the Brue and Axe. 

3. Zoyland, the island surrounded by Kings Sedgmoor, the Cary 

and Parret Moors. 

4. The Wint, the Valley in which Winscombe stands. 

5. Normarsh, the whole country between the West end of 

Mendip and the Avon. 

6. Wringmarsh, the moor named, like Wrington, from the Stream 

which drains it, now known as the * Yeo.* 

7. Brentmarsh, the Moors of the Lower Axe. 


No. I . Survives in the Surname of * In Gordano ' which it has 
given to four parishes, Walton, Weston, Easton, Clapton, but 
the evidence of 13th cent, deeds proves it to have included 
Portbury and Portishead, perhaps the N.W. portion of 
Wraxall. It was a misshapen triangle, with Walton for its 
apex and the Avon for its base, the sides being the two 
ranges that fork from Walton, and embrace a piece of what 
was once salt-marsh. 

The latter syllable is probably the equivalent of Dean in 
Taunton Dean=Valley. 

No. 3. The name is preserved in Weston Zoyland, and in 

No. 4. Wint survives in Winscombe, Winterhead, Vent Hill and 
Winterstoke, the name of the hundred. Winter prob.= 
Wint Tor. 

S&nurut S» Dcrut Notts S* Qumgs. 


No. 5. Nonnarsh survives in the name of a troop of Yeomanry. 

The river-valleys, perhaps from the insignificance of our 
rivers, have not borne the river-names, like the dales of the 
Northern shires. We ought to have had an Avondale, Exdale, 
Bmedale, Parretdale, Iveldale, as well as Taunton Dean. 

Can any one furnish any further evidence of the existence, 
past or present, of other regional names, or add any information 
touching those enumerated ? 


[In the above may be added Blackmorb Vale, a Somerset 
Valley, though it stretches into Dorset. 

Editor for Dorset.] 

302. BiBLiOTHECA SoMERSETENSis. — We desire to call the 
attention of our readers to this important work, which is to be 
published by Mr. E. Green, F.S.A., and of which an advertise- 
ment will be found in our present Number. 

It is one of the most valuable works with reference to a 
uture County History which has ever been undertaken. 

The Editors. 

203. James Ashe. (III. xix. 105.) — ^The James Ashe who 
signed the Visiiatton of Somerset, 1623, died May 5th, 1626, and was 
buried in S. Petherton Church, (XXL xvii. 35). The following 
table will show his relationship to James of Fifield. 

James Ashe ofa- Ann, d. of John Walrond 

S. Petherton 
ob. 1615. 

Anne, d. of=i.Joim 
Thos. Strode of 
Shepton Malet. 

Grace, d. o£=Jaines of Fresh- 

of Bovy, Devon. 

i^Mary d. of 
Ford, Devon. 


Rich. Pitt of 

Eliz., d. ofc=John of Freshford, M.P. 


2. Wi 

Eliz., d. & h.=Janies of S. Pether- 
of John Mar- ton, ob. 5 May, 
tyn, of Exeter. 1626. {The'Signa- 

James of Fifield. 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

ao4. Dorset Christmas Carols (III. xviii. 67, xix. 118, 
XX. 141.)— Another traditional Carol, sung in Long Burton, and 
a favourite with the older generation, is now given. 



Somerut cS* Difrui NoUs 6- Qumes. 

nrmdiiioHal, (CoPTRlOHT.) BarmomiMtd hy JS. Bow&rtk. 





Re - joice,re-joice, ye earth-ly tribes, And hail this hap • py morn, This 

.'^-^-"^J-mJ.jj-TiJJ/j i J 

^=^— ^t-^ 

is theday,the bless-ed day,OurSayioiir Christ is bom ; Thisis the day, This 

;^£-i^i!:-s>S i ,i=rrc i :.: i ire^ fc 

^"1 r n t- 



is the day, the bless - ed day. Our Sa- viour Christ b bom, Our 


^fcJU^'g' gg-g 

W^-^^. J^ l J 


Sa -viour Christ is bora, Our Sa - viour Christ is bom, This 







U i^ 



Somtrut 6* Dorsit NtUs 6* Qutriis. 


is the day, the bless* ej day, Our Sa-viour Christ is born. 

^•Aj J^ ^ . „ ^ J- J^ ^ 


Rise, eyery human vocal voice, 

And touch each warbling string; 
In gladness let our hearts rejoice. 

Sing praises to oar King. 


The praises of our new-bom king 

Will through the land resouno. 
In lofty hymns to Him we'll sing 

And wake the nations round. 

205. Fishing in the Tone and Parret. — The following 
natural history notes are from the pen of the celebrated Nonjuror 
and Antiquary, the Rev. George Harbin, and appear to have 
been made during a visit to his friend and connection, Mr. 
Bampfield, at Hestercombe, near Taunton, in the year 1736. The 
Lampreys are, I suppose, what are now called Elvers by the 
natives. J. Batten. 

** Memorandum of information pick'd up in Somersetshire. 

In the month of May Salmons begin to be in season, and the 
rivers Tone and Ferret are plentifully stock'd w**> them in the 
month of May if the weather be warm. About the middle of 
May (this year 1736) the season being very cold, Salmon sold at 
i8d. p pound, but usually all the Summer it sells for 6d. or 8d. 
p pound. 

In the same rivers and at the same time of the year, if y* 
weather is warm, are Lampreys also found in those Rivers, very 
large and good and in great plenty. There are also very fine 
Carps, Jacks, Tench, Gudgeons and Eels. 

In the beginning of the Spring, viz., in March and April, if 
the weather is warm, Lampreys come up Bridgewater River into 
the River Tone as far as Ham-Mills and Creech Mill, both in the 
parish of Creech. On the i ith of May, 1736, eleven pretty large 
ones were taken at Creech Mills and brought to Mr. Bampfyld. 
They are allwaies best when they first come up the Rivers, being 
observed to fall awav in their flesh y longer they stay in the river. 
This appears from the roundnefs of their bodies when they first 

1 83 Sowursit &• Dorut Notes & Quiriis. 

enter the river, whereas by their continuance there their back- 
bone grows sharper by the falling away of the flesh from it. 
lliese are very strong fish, and are seen to dart themselves in the 
water w**> prodigious force and swiftnefs. As a proof of their 
great strength they constantly throw up great quantities of gravell 
from the bottom of the river to a great depth and widenefs till 
they come to the clay, where they lye at their ease, so close that 
the netts are allwaies drawn over them unlefs they are disturbed by 
poking the holes with sticks. They have long wide mouths w<* 
ran backwards under their heads, and their teeth are as low as 
their throats, they seem to have several rows of teeth, very sharp 
pointed, but short.*' 

On another Paper. ** Somersetshire.'* 

" It has been found by hunting a hedgehog on the traill that 
that Animal has been catch'd in a morning at two miles distance 
from the place it haunted in the night. It is said that Hedgehogs 
chiefly feed upon those large black insects called in Somersetshire 
the Devil's Cows, w<* have been often found in their bellies. I 
could not learn that they ever suck the milk of Cows, as some 
have reported and believed." 

206. John Goddard, of Brodforth, Wimbome Minster ; 
Will proved Oct., 1564 ; children, John, Walter, Richard, Edmond, 
Alice and Jane ; brothers Edmond and Richard ; any information 
respecting this family, but particularly as to the ancestry of 
John Goddard and his connection, if any, with the Goddards of 
Poole, will be thankfully received. Please reply direct to 

H. J. Crayton, Union Club, Oxford. 

207. The Floyd Family. (III. xx. 166.) — In my former 
note I omitted to state that in the year 1873 there was standing 
a low old fashioned headstone in Cranbome churchyard, near the 
N. wall of the church, on which with some trouble I decyphered 
the following inscription, surmounted with skull and cross bones, 

H. S. E. 

Resurgam Laus Deo. 

Hie jacet in terra coqjus Johannis 

Floyd qui diem extremum suum 

Clausit vicesimo Quinto die Febu. 

Anno Dom. lyi^aet. suae 83. 

Etiam in terra jacet corpus 

Alicise (?) uxons Johannis Floyd 

Qua obiit XV Martii 1678 setatis suae 50. 

The last person who bore this name I remember distinctly, 
an old maiden lady, niece of the Rev. William Chafin, of Chettle. 
Soon after her uncle's death in 1818 she lefl Chettle House where 
she had lived, and resided in a cottage at Edmondsham, now the 
parsonage, until her death in 1828, in the 79th year of her age. 

Swmimt <S« Damt NoUs <$- Qumss. 183 

In the Pedigree of Chafin (Hotchins' Doruf^ ^rd EdiL^ 
VoL III.) I find that the Rev. W. Chafin had a sister "Bettj" 
(Elizabeth) who was ondoobtedly the mother of this lady» having 
married the Rev. John Flojd»and died in 1776. This John Floyd 
is undoubtedly the person whose name occurs in the Cranbome 
Register, as thus, 

"Baptisms. 1749. Thomas.of Mr. John Floyd, cler., Nov. ist. 
1750. Elizabeth, of John Floyd, cler., Oct 2." 

We do not know more of the son, but I believe that Elizabeth, 
the daughter, was this niece of the Rev. W. Chafin. Her age at 
her death corresponds with the date of Baptism in the Register. 
This lady lies in Chettle churchyard. We had no thought in her 
lifetime of her being a native of Cranbome, as she appears to 
have been, and with her the name of Floyd has become extinct 
in these parts. 


ao8. Dorsetshire Dorsers. (III. xx. 137.) — Wrightgives 
Dorsel and Dotser as a Sussex word meaning a pack-saddle, 
a pannier. 

If packmen travelled Dorset much, perhaps this is the origin 
of the epithet. 


aog. Halliwell tells us that in Sussex *^ Doner*' is the local 
term for Ftshbaskei, and as Dorset, like Sussex, has along line of Sea 
coast in the South of England, I would suggest the probability of 
the word having crept on to the West from the intercourse of the 
fishermen. H. W. Hoskins. 

aio. Ilchester Gaol. (III. xx. 171.) — I am unable to 
reply to the question asked by your correspondent R., but may 
I call his attention to the antiquity of the Ilchester Goal and its 
importance in early times ? 

The gaol is mentioned in the Pipe Roll of 13 Hen. II., 
(A.D. 1 166 — 1 167,) in which year the sheriff of the county 
claimed at the exchequer an allowance of 100 shillings which he 
had expended on the works about the gaol, " in opat Gaiole ad 
luelcestr. c. s.*' 

In John's reign there is frequent mention of this Gaol as in 
I John, (A.D. 1 199— 1200,) when the sheriff claimed 10/10, the 
cost incurred by the King's order in bringing prisoners from 
Ilchester to Westminster, and 3/- for the repair of Ilchester Gaol, 
'' I custamto ducendi p^sones ab Yuelcestr usque ad Westm z, s. 
& X. ct. p br R* et i emendal Jaiole de Yuelcest? iij. 5. p b?. R'." 
In 3 John, (A.D. 1 102 — 3,) he paid 18/6 for bringing 5 prisoners 
from Westminster to Ilchester. '* I custamto ducendi v p^sones a 
Westm usque ad Yvelcestr xviii i. & vi. ct. p. ict. b?." 

W. Miles Barnes. 

184 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

21 X. The map attached to Rev. W. Buckler's ''Ilchester 
Almshouse Deeds** states that the prison was removed in 1843. 

There was an old Goal in Ilchester itself, — ^the larger Goal 
known as Ilchester Goal was not in Ilchester but in the parish of 
Northover. R. B. P. 

2ia. I have been informed that when the Somerset and 
Dorset Railway was being made at Cole, near Bruton, the old bell 
of Ilchester gaol was used there to ring the navvies to their meals. 

Fred A. M corse. 

213. Planting Barley Corns with Cuttings. (III. 
XX. 156.) — When I was a child, living at Taunton, I was told to 
make a slit at the bottom of certain cuttings, before planting, 
and to insert a barley corn therein, being assured that if the com 
grew the cutting would. Many growers of carnations, in various 
parts of the country, follow a somewhat similar custom, by insert- 
ing a small bit of stone or wood in the cut of the layers to pre- 
vent re-union, and to assist the formation of the callus and the 
process of rooting. Somerset. 

214. Rolls Family. (III. xx. 134.) — ^There are one or 
or two inaccuracies in this note. The M.P. for Devon in 1787 
was John (not Mark) Rolle, the same who was afterwards Baron 
Rolle, and who died without issue in 1842. The property did not 
then "pass" to the •'Hon. Mark Clinton." It was held by Trustees 
for some years, and then the Hon. Mark Trefusis, 2nd son of 
Lord Clinton, being of the age appointed succeeded to it, not as 
next-of-kin which he was not, but in accordance with Lord Rolle's 
will. His daughters will not succeed. The present heir presumptive 
under the same will is the present Lord Clinton, Mr. Mark Rolle's 
eldest brother. 

Frederic T. Colby. 

215. Inscription at Croscombe. (III. xx. 139).— I hazard 
a reply to Mr. Buckle's enquiry. I read the inscription to which 
he calls attention as being connected with the incumbency of 
John Coum, 1474. If the first letters had been S. M. IHON 
COVM, it would be clearly in memoriam John Coum ; I suppose 
the M has not worn away, but sacrum perhaps would suffice alone. 
Phelps {Histoty of Somerset^ 11. 230) says, ** Over the E. window 
in black characters is inscribed John Cooth, the name most 
probably of the munificent builder of the church." Will the 
architecture near the inscription do for the date 1474 ? Can S 
stand for seulpsit or sacravit ? 


Pohn Comb was inst. V. of Croscombe 21 Jan., 1473, and died 
m 1490. Somerset Incumbenft, 77. 

Editor for Somerset.*) 

^^^t ^ D^sei NoUs 6- Queries. 185 

ai6. Bxji^j^^^ 

of the HundredZl^* (Hi. xix. 97, xx. 159.)— Burland is a tithing 

Burland*8 farm^ ^y,- ^P^^grove in the Manor of Taunton Dean. 

situated in the paJq^u^ apparently gave its name to the tithing, is 

of Taunton, borrt -^^ Staplegrove, about 3 miles from the town 

Not far ffQQ^ ^^^ng on the parish of Norton-Fitzwarren. 

Barlands. \^^ , ^^and's fann is a smaller fann known as Lower 

Dean in the p ^^^ ^^o complete lists of the Manor of Taunton 

to the year i^a^^^^^^*^ (Taunton Castle), from the year 1450 

Borland does ^"^ ^ think I may safely say that the surname 

think, it ^ ^^ appear even once in these lists. From this, I 

place and no7 v ^'*^'^"®^ ^^^^ ^^® surname is derived from the 

^^ the place from the surname. A. J, Monday. 

^omerJft. ^^SEWKLL FAMILY. (I. iv. 170.) — The following are 
^eierences to wills (P.C.C.) at Somerset House. 

^^5-6. William Rosewell, 30 Crymes. 
506-7. Alexander Rouswell, 29 Stonarde. 

'567-8. William Rosewell, 20 Babington 

'586. Richard Rowswell, 25 Windsor. 

'594- William Rosewell, 6 Dixy. 

'655. Thomas Rosewell (Somerset), 375 Aylett. 

1658. Alex. Rowswell (Midx.), 303 Wotton. 

1658. Dan. Rosewell (London), 563 Wotton. 

20 Babington. Abstract of will of William Rosewell. 

W.R. of Dunkerton, co. Somerset, gentleman, 8 January, 
10, Eliz. To be buried in the Church before the Seege. John 
my son £^0, William the son of Thomas Rosewell, ^loo, 
Alexander son of the said Thomas R. ;^ioo, Johan dau. of the 
said Thomas R. ;^20, Agnes dau. of the said Thomas R. £^0^ 
Mary dau. of Thomas R. £^0, To Margaret Richeman my dau. 
40s. To John Allyn my son-in-law £6 13s. 4d. To William 
Allyn 20 sheep, Johane Allyn 20 nobles. The residue to Thomas 
Rosewell my son and whole exec. Overseers, William Rosewell 
my brother, William Scelye, Alexander Rosewell, and Peter 
Printoste, dark. 

Proved in London 10 Nov., 1568. 

Gregory Isham of Braunston, co. Northampton (bur. 6 Sept., 
1558 at B., aged about 38), married Elizabeth, dau. of Matthew 
Dale of Bristol, and became the father of Sir Euseby Isham, Kt., 
who succeeded also to the ancestral property of Pytchley. 
Elizabeth Isham, the widow of Gregory, married, secondly, 
William Rosewell of Ford Abbey, Solicitor General to Queen 
Elizabeth, and, it is said, had issue. I should like to know more 
about this second marriage. * Gregory in his will (P.C.C. 75 
Noodes), leaves "To each of my wives brethren, Willm, John, 
Mathewe, and Henry Dale, xK a pece." 

Hbnry Isham Longdsn, M.A., Shangton Rectory, Leicester. 

1 86 Somerset 6* Dorset Notes S- Queries. 

ai8. Richards Family. (II. xiv. i88.) — The following is 
a copy of a paper which I find among the papers at Lamport, co. 
Northampton. I know nothing of the Richards family, nor why the 
paper should have got to Lamport. 

H. IsHAM LoNGDEN, M.A., Shangton Rector}% Leicester. 

" This is to certifie No. 2. 

That Greorge Richards oi George and Ann was Bom September the Seventh 
and Baptised the twenty fourth day of the same month in the year of our Lord 
One thousand Seven hundred and nine as appeares by an Entry in the Register 
Book of Baptisms for the Parish of Saint Ann Westminster m the County of 

Extracted from the said Register Book this seventh Day of May in the 
year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred thirty four. 

Willm Burtchett D Clerk and Register of the above sd parish. 

No. 3. April 27th. 

This is to Certify that Ann the wife of Greorge Richards Esq of Long Bredy 
in the County of Dorset was Buried in the parish Church of Long Bredy afore- 
said with this Inscription on her Coffin Amia Uxr : Georgij 

Richards Ar. obiit 2 ffeb 

Ano /-*^M5 
Witness my hand ^^ ( Dni 172! 

Ed: ColmerCler. 

No. 4. Feb. 21.1722. 

Anne Haine of the Parish of Longbredy in the County of Dorset maketh 
Oath that the Body of Mrs. Anne Ricliards of the parish aforesaid lately 
Deceased was buried in woolen only according to the true intent and direction of 
an Act of Parliament for Burying m Woolen 
In presence of Affidavit made before 

Mary Symes Th*' Pope Rectr 

Mary Pope Of Litton." 

aig. Somerset Parishes and Manors :— Second Names 


Somerset parishes and manors with names, sometimes added for 
distinction, derived from their ancient owners. 

The list will show, I think, that manors acquired these 
"agnomina'* (unknown in Domesday) in the 12th and 13th 
centuries and seldom changed them after ; that they were acquired 
from the families (often subtenants and small people) who 
answered to the Sheriflf's call at his Tourn, and in the Hundred 
Court, and that the use of Latin terms, such as Regis, Episcopi, 
&c., is owing to the manor officers being cited from an official 
list ; this, however, is surmise. 

I omit Babcary, Chilcompton, Midsomer Norton, Milton 
Podymore, White Lackington and White Stanton, as being of 
uncertain signification, and I shall be obliged to any reader of 
5. &D.N.& Q. if he will make additions to the list. Where 
the ancient name has undergone great corruption, it has been 
added in square brackets. 

Somtn$t S- Domt Nct$s S' Qnttm. 


Abbas Combe 


Ash Priors 

Ash Reigny 

Anngers Leigh 

Barrow Goumey 

Barrow Minchin 

Beer Crocombe 

Bonrton Flax 

Bradon Goviz (now Goose) 

Bratton St. Maur 

Bridgwater [Burgh-Walter] ♦ 

Brompton Ralph 

Brompton Regis 

Brympton D'Evercy 

Bnckland Denham 

Buckland Soromm 

Burton Pynsent 

Camel Queen's 

Cary Cook's 

Cary Fitzpaine 

Cary Lytes 

Charlton Adam [Fitz-Adaml 

Charlton Camville (now Hore- 

Charlton Mackerel 
Charlton Musgrove 
Charlton Queen's 
Cheddon Fitzpaine 
Chilthorne Domer 
Chilthome Vagg 
Chilton Cantelo 
Chilton Trivet 
Combe Flory 
Combe Hay 
Combe Sydenham 
Compton Bishop 
Compton Dando [D'Alneto] 
Compton Durville 
Compton Martin 
Compton Pauncefoot 
Corton Denham 
Cricket Malherbie 
Curry Malet 
Cuny Rivel 
Cutcombe Mohun 

Cutcombe Raleigh 
Dowlish Wake 
Farringdon Goumcy 
Farley Hungerford (dim Mont- 
Frome Braunch 
Hardington Bampfylde 
Hardington Mandeville 
Haselbury Plucknett 
Hatch Beauchamp 
Heathfield Durborough 
Hendford Matravers 
Hill Faraunce 
Hinton Blewctt 
Hinton Charterhouse 
Huish Champflower 
Huish Episcopi 
Huntspill Cogan 
Huntspill Delahay 
Huntspill Vemey 
Isle Abbot's 
Isle Brewers 
Keinton Mandeville 
Kingston Seymour 
Langford Budville 
Lydiard Punchardon 
Marston Bigot 
Melcombe Paulet 
Milton Clevedon 
Milton Falconbridge 
Monkton Combe 
Nettlecombe Raleigh 
Newton Forester 
Newton Plessy [de Placetis] 
Newton St. Lo 
Newton Sormaville 
Norton Beauchamp 
Norton Ferris 
Norton Fitzwarren 
Norton Hautville 
Norton Malreward 
Nunney Delamere 
Nynehcad Flory 
Orchard Portman 
Orchard Wyndham 
Pen Domer 

*i^. Walter de Douai, the Domesday Lord. 


Somerset & Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

Pitney L'Orii 

Preston Bermondsej 

Preston Bowyer 

Preston Plucknett 

Preston Torrels 

Pury Fitchet 

Pury Furneaux 

Quarum Monceaux 

Sandford Arundel 

Sandford Brett 

Sandford Orcas [Oreillcuiz] 

Seavington Dennis 

Seavington Vaux 

Shepton Beauchamp 

Shepton Malet 

Shepton Montagu 

Sock Dennis 

Somerton Erleigh 

Stanton Drew 

Stanton Prior 

Staple Fitzpaine 

Stockland Gaunts (now Bristol) 

Stocklinch Ottersey 

Stoke Courcy 

Stoke Gomer 

Stoke Pero 

Stoke Rodney (olim Gifford) 

Stoke Trister [Del Estre] 

Sutton Bingham 

Sutton Crowthome 

Sutton Darner 

Sutton Malet 

Sutton Montis f 

Temple Cloud 

Temple Combe 

Thome Cofl5n 

Thome Falcon 

Upton Noble aU'as Lovel 

Weston Bampfylde 

Winsford Rivers 

Witham Friary 

Withiel Flory 

Wootton Courtney 

Wyke Champflower 


aao. A Somerset Saying on Glaston and Shaston 
Abbeys. — ^There was a saying current in the County 50 years 
ago, which may as well be recorded though preserving no 
history. " If the Abbot of Glaston could have married the 
Abbess of Shaston, the King of England would be the poorer 
man.'* The saying must be as old as the existence of Abbey 
Estates, or of a fresh remembrance of them, and probably records 
the popular estimate of their vastness. 


2ai. — FiFLD Names in Stalbridge, Dorset. — ^The follow- 
ing list of Field names in Stalbridge may be interesting tp 
readers of *9. & £>. N. 6f Q. I shall be glad to have light 
thrown upon their meaning. 

Charles E. Seaman. 

Hunger Hill 


Liss Mead 

Breach Whitemoor 



Gommershay or Gummersey 

Dulliver's Ham 

Rum Mead 

Wares HiU 

Ives {bis) 

Shipnev (saepius) 


Scarrow HiU (saepius) 


Bronshall Knap 

t Short for Montis acuti t.#. Montagu, the owner. 

Somsrsit S» Dwut Notss 6- Queries, 189 

Cnitdilmg Mead Puxey 

Riz bed Mead Larkwood (toipius) 

Stnrt (pmssim) Bibberne 

Mapland Louzard 

Guggleton Gaunt's Mead 

Rimpools Conning Croft 

Redbrink (his) Great Boshay 

Hadden Gnitten 

Peaked Hadden Vardys 

Bagnes Tadbrook (Ms) 

Harden Tellershells Mead 

Coppemway Highet 

Hedc Doles 

Cockles Hill {ter) In and ont 

Yearage Baxles 

Hinds SUpe Mead 
Bnrgund Orchard 


222. Bruton Register, 1826 to 1 890, edited by the Rev. 
Thomas Augustus Strong, M.A. London: Froude, 1892. 8vo. 
Pp. 107. Four Illustrations, 5s. 

We are glad to welcome the appearance of the Bruton 
School Register, as an addition to the goodly array of publica- 
tions of a like character which have already issued from the 
press. Is it too fond a dream to entertain that the Biographer 
of the future will be able to trace with ease the career of public 
men "from the cradle to the grave," through the School Register, 
University and College Admission Books, Catalogues of Gradu- 
ates, and lists peculiar to various professions, until the last scene 
in the drama is recorded in the obituary ? 

Bruton is a school which from the early date of its foundation 
(A.D. 15 19) and its success as an educational institution, richly 
merits a published Register, and much commendation is due to 
Mr. Strong for taking in hand a work of such a kind, which 
requires no little patience and industry for its perfection. The 
measure of success already attained by the compiler whets our 
appetite for more, and we are looking forward with much interest 
to the new edition which we hear is in course of preparation. 
We should gladly see recorded the parentage of the scholars, 
and speaking generally, we deem it important that, wherever 
practicable, all dates should include the month and day, as well 
as the year. Would it not be possible also to add, when known, 
the names of scholars who entered the school before 1826? 
Even if a few names only can be recovered, it would be well 
to place them on record. 

Lastly, an alphabetical index of names would be of great 

It is only necessary to add that the Register is clearly printed 

IQO Somifut S» Dorset Noiis S» Quiriis. 

at the Oxford University Press, and is illustrated with some four 
photogravings of the school, and by woodcuts of the dolphin in 
the Fitzjames arms. 

Among the more distinguished alumni of the school may be 
named — 

The late Rev. John Hoskyns Abrahall,(Latin Verse at Oxford, 1 850.) 
Richard Doddridge Blackmore, the Novelist. 
Major-General Sir Francis Wogan Festing, K.C.M.G. 
The Rt. Rev. John Wogan Festing, D.D., Bishop of St. Albans. 
Baron Field. 

Lieut-Col. Sir Edmund Henderson, K.C.B. 
The Very Rev. Wm. Geo. Henderson, D.D., Dean of Carlisle. 
Captain Verney Lovett-Cameron, C.B., R.N. 
The late Dr. Michell, Principal of Hertford College, Oxford. 
Major-General Sir Charles Knight Pearson, K.C.M.G. 
Mr. Justice Wright (formerly Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford.) 


223. Feet of Fines for Somerset. Edited by E. Green,F.S.A., 
(Somerset Record Society, vol. vi.) 1 892. The sixth volume of the 
Somerset Record Society supplies the subscribers with a wealth of 
information, but in such form that plenty of patient study is 
required to make its varied interests intelligible. For instance 
we have here mention of a hundred or more Somerset churches, 
sometimes in connection with their incumbents, more often 
incidental to the patronage of the advowson. Most of these 
notices are anterior to the TaxaJio of Pope Nicholas, 1288, which 
gives the earliest list of parish churches, and nearly all anterior 
to Bp. Drokensford*s Register. Thus, out of 34 churches and 7 
chapels in Cary Deanery in the Taxatio, about 1 5 are referred to. 
Out of 27 churches and one chapel in Frome Deanery, 13 are 
mentioned. In some cases we are enabled to ascertain the date 
of the outgoings by way of pensions registered in the Valor of 
Henry VIII. In a few cases as Nunney, pp. 37, 1 1 o, Stogumber, pp. 
5, 182,264, Backwell, pp. 6, 32, 52, 340, 341, Kadstock,pp.43, 154, 
233. we get a series of entries. So with Lullington, shewing how 
the right of advowson had to be twice sustained by the Prior of 
Longleat against adverse claims within 10 years. 

The preface is all loo short. It explains of course the meaning 
of the title ; but we are left to collect for ourselves the witness 
here given to the measures of land, virgate, bovate, ferling, &c., 
to the money in use, shillings sterling, bezant, p. 17, mark; to the 
value of common articles, gilt spurs, sixpence, p. 89, robes ten 
shillings each, p. 131, white gloves, sixpence the pair, p. 115. 
Emancipation from nativitas is illustrated, pp. 121, 189. The 
clashing of manorial jurisdiction, p. 37. Acknowledgements by 
way of a rose, cummin, clove gilly-flower, barbed arrows, p. 199, 

Sawursit 6* Darut Not4s 6* Quirus. 191 

in one case, stick of eels, p. 354, abound. If Aveneles bote, p. 253, 
is to be explained by William Avenel holding land in Puckington, 
p. 569, by Tiitne of a marriage not yet celebrated in 1253, it is an 
instance of the vitality of Saxon terms quite different from the 
survival of such technical words as husbote, haybote, p. 125. 

We glean the etymology of certain names, Seavington= 
Sevenhampton, Ansford=Almundesford, Musgrave^^Mucegros, 
in Gordano=in Gordoneslond, p. 229, Vobster=Fobbestor. We 
are enabled to correct a few dedications, e,g., Hinton Charterhouse 
to St. Mary and St John Baptist. TheHouseof St.Thomas Aconye, 
p. 185, is shewn by reference to Bp. Hobhouse's Drokensford, pp. 
221 and 261, to be the Hospital in London founded by Thomas 
HBeckett's sister in aid of the Templars ; and taken with suits on 
pp. 10, 53, 77 and 202, exhibits the hold that order was obtaining 
in Somerset. Cumb on p. 202 is Combe Abbas, or Templecombe, 
as we usually term it. 

The labour involved in this volume is immense, for which 
we owe thanks to Mr. Green. On p. 336, there is probably an 
error of transcription : Cayne for Cayvert=Keyford in Frome. 
Comparison of p. 371 and p. 33 suggests that Caneresand Rames 
have been confounded. A comparison of Weaver*s Somtmi 
Incumbents, p. 180, and Drokensford's Register, p. 126, suggests 
that some error lurks about the name of Roger de Esse, p. 322. 
It would have been great gain, though the expense and the editor's 
labour of course would have been increased, if we had throughout 
a marginal catchword of the place or places involved in each suit, 
especially if the name had been given in its modern form, ^.^., 
Norton Fitzwarren p. 319, Chilton Cantelo, p. 370, Hardington 
Mandevill, p. 336, Stogumber, p. 5, Berkley (Brckley ?), p. 236, 
Paulton (Peanton ?), p. 74, Exford (Asseford) p. 185, Runnington 
(Roneton), p. 323. Discrimination between the many Westons. 
Stokes, Nortons is itself no slight task. It is interesting to see 
Huscarl take place as a family name, p. 201 : and to find that 
Beechen Cliff (Biccheneclyve, p. 185), was already in 1260 the 
name of the hill surmounting the Holloway, p. 197, leading out of 
Bath towards the South. St. Mary's, Bath, p. 253, is of course 
the destroyed Church of St. Mary de Stallis, which gave name 
to Stall St. Robert de Kylwereby, p. 204, is of course the Domi- 
nican Abp. of Canterbury consecrated by Bp. Button II. of Bath 
and Wells in 1273. 

224. The Church of All Saints, East Budlbioh.— 
Part II. By T. N.Brushfield, M.D. Pp. 142, Demy Hvo. 

The author of this Paper, which is reprinted from the 
Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the advancement 
of Science, Literature, and Art, is to be congratulated in having 

192 Samersit &» Dorset Notes &» Queries* 

produced so complete an acconnt of the interior fittings and 
furniture of the above-named Church, the fabric having been 
discussed in a former Paper. Not only has he described the 
objects of interest which the Church contains, but he has added 
a wealth of illustrative notes, which will render his work useful 
to all who are concerned in the history of their own parish 
churches. Among the subjects treated on are Pews, Pulpit, Hour- 
glass, Church Books, Vestments, Plate, Bells and Church Ales, 
&c., and seven plates accompany them. The Pew ends are 
particularly noticeable. 


225. The Grove. A Monthly Miscellany. — Edited by 
R. Hanbury Miers. Published by F. Dunster, Broad Street, 
Lyme Regis, 189 1-2. Pp. 389. Demy 8vo. 

The Dorset Bibliophile will regret to hear that this meritor- 
ious publication, which was commenced in May, 1891, expired 
through want of sufficient pecuniary support, in May, 1892, having 
extended over 13 Numbers. Some of the most noteworthy 
articles, at any rate in the eyes of readers of iS. 6f D. N. S» Q,, 
are those which relate to local subjects. Among these are Afiss 
Austen and Lyme, by F. T. Palgrave ; Dorset Characters, hy J. B. 
Camm, and several on the History and Antiquities of Lyme, by 
Z.Edwards. The Zyw^ Z^//^r deals with passing events. Through 
many of the numbers run A Quarter vf a Century in the Punjaub, 
by Major Gen. Newall, R.A., and a tale by Mr. Palgrave, entitled 
My sister Cecilia, The style in which the Magazine is printed is 
a credit to Mr. Dunster's Press. 


226. Dorset Subsidy Roll. — This Subsidy Roll for the 
County of Dorset, comprising a 1 5th and 10th, has been preserved 
since the time of Henry Vlllth in the archives of the family of 
Weston of Callew Weston. It has been recently transcribed by an 
experienced expert and presents one or two points of interest. 

It does not correspond precisely with any of the accounts of 
subsidies collected which are preserved in the Rolls Office, and, 
therefore, in all probability fills a gap in the series. 

On the last page occur the names of Hew Weston and his 
household with their personal assessments. He was most 
probably the Collector, and since he came of age post tisi Ed. IV 
and died isth Hen. VIII, this fixes the date within those limits. 

I am informed on good authority that the only isth and loth 
levied between these dates, of which no accounts or other docu- 
ments exist, is that levied 3 and 4 Hen. VIII. Our Roll not 
corresponding with any other known subsidies may probably be 
identified, therefore, with that of 3 and 4 Hen. VIII. 

Sof9urut ^ Dorsit Notes S» Queries, 193 

The Roll is in perfect preservation, but three or four Dorset- 
shire hundreds are missing from it. The spelling in several 
instances is very picturesque. H. A. H. 

Canford . . . . iiij li. zv s. 

Mapelerton lix s. 

Cherbnrgh . . . . xxiii s. 

Mordu* .. liiijs. 

Sm'a huius hundr* xj H. xiiij s. 

HoBdr* de Pudeltown 

Loneford . . 

Tcnkledon Clyf 8c Thorp 
Cheselbom ford 
Sm'a huius bundr' 

Himdr' de Cokeden 

Combe Aimer 

Lvchat Myuster 
Cnarlton ' .. 
SturmynstV Marchall 
Lychet Maut*vers 
Corf Mole3m 
Sm'a huius hundr* 

xxxiij li. xiiij s. 

Himdp' de Whytewaye 

Melcombe . . 

Myddelton Abbat' 
Cheselbom .. 
Sm'a huius hundr' 

iiij li. ij s. 

Ciij s. 

xlij 8. 

xxvj s. 

vij li. iij 8. 

iiij li. i^ 8. 

xxiij b. xviij s. 

Hundr* de Totteoombe 

Pudeltrcnthyde . . C 8. 

M)mt*n .. .. XXV 8. 

Godemanston . . xiiij s. 

Ccme Abbat* . . Cj s. 

Sm'a huius hundr* xiijli. xs. 

viij d. 
iiij d. 


vij d. 

Deduce' eiusd* Hundr* 
duarum decimanun. 

xvj s. viij d. 

xxiijs. iii^d. 

viij s. iiij d. 

XX s. 

Sm'a deduct. Ixviij s. 

Ixyj s. 


xxviii s. 

...... h^- 

luj li. Y) s. 


XX vij s. 

Ixxviij s. 

xiiij s. 

iiij li. iij s. 



xviij s. 

XXV li. XV s. 

xj li. X 8. 

Iiij s. 

xiiij s. 


iiij li. xj 8. 


iiij li. yj s. 

XX 8. 

vj d. 



iij d. 
iiij d. 
viij d. 



iiij d. 







vij d. 


vij d. 


Deduce* eiusd* Hundr' 

iiij d. 
vii^ d. 


iij s. 
XXV s. 
xxvj s. 
iij s. 
XV s. 
xxvj s. viij d. 
iij s. iiij d. 
Sm'a deduct, 
vj li. iij s. ij d. 

Deduce* eiusd* Hundr' 

•xiiij s. viij d. 
ij s. yj d. 
X s. 
cu' Hymbery Sc Keinstop 
xiij s. iiij d. 
ij s. iij d. 
vj 8. viij d. 
Sm'a deduct, xlix s. ix d. 

Deduce* eiusd* hundr* 

xlij 8. 
XXV) s. 

iiij 8. 

xxiij 8. iiij d. 
xxij s. 
Sm'a deduct. Cxviij s. 

Deduce* eiusd* hundr* 
xyj 8. viij d. 


yj 8. viij d, 

XX 8. 

Sm'a deduct. Iiij s. iiij d. 

viij d. 


Somerset S» Dorset Notes & Queries. 

Himdr' de Mmdebar^ 

Sjrdelyn^ . . 
Cattestoke ,. 
Compton Abbat* 
HiiUefeld .. 
Fyfchyde .. 


psyddvn^. . 
Sin*a hams handr' 


lixyj s. 

xzviij s. 




ziiij IL xij s. 

Himdr' de Ootherttionia 

Sm'a hoius hondr* 

zi) li. 

HsBdf^ d« Shyrbom' 

Lydelynch .. 
Up C«m 

Caondel Ep*i 
Caundel Purs 
Bradeford .. 
Thoraeford . . 
Ov* Compton 
Nyther Compton 
LyUyngton , 
Ov* Combe . 
Nyther Combe 
Weitbury ., 
Feod* Abbat* 
Newlond . . 
Sm*a huiut hnndr* 

HoBdr d6 Taltmyittp 

Yattmyster .. 

ChetknoU .. 
Mdbury bnbbe 
Wolcombe .. 
Melbury Osmond 
Sm'a hoius hundr* . . 

iiij li. 

xlv. s. 

V s. 

zzviii s. 

zxiij s. 
xlvij s. 
xvii| s. 
xx^ s. 
bdiij s. 
xliij s. 

XXXV s. 

xxxiij s. 

XXX] s. 

lij s. 
kv s. 
xliij s. 
XXV s. 

xliij s. 

xxxiii^ s. 

xlj s. 

XXXj s. 
xlij 8. 
iiij li. 

iiij li. X s. 
xij s. 

Deduce* dusd' hnndr* 

yj s. viij d. 
XX d. 


viiJ d. 

viij d. Sm*a deduct.xxxiiij s. 


xyj s. 
XX s. 
lyj s. 
iii^ s. 
iij s. 

iiij d. 


viij d. 

yj d. 
yj d. 
X d. 

iiij d. 

iiij d. 

iiij d. 

X d. 


viij d. 
V] d. 

yj d. 


Deduce* eiusd* hundr' 

XX d. 
X s. 
Sm*a deduct, xxj s. viij d. 

Deducdon* eiusd*m hundr* 
viij d. 

yj s. 
X s. 
iiij s. 
iij s. 

iij s. 

iiij d. 

iiij d. 

viij d. 

xij d. 

XX d. 




ii^ d. 

xviij d. 

viij d. 


vj d. 
viiji d. 
viij d. 

Sm'a Deducdones 

iiij li. XV s. vj d. 

Deducdones dusd' hundr* 

nj s. 
V s 
iij s. 

X s. 

Ulj s. 

xij s. 

iiij li. irj s. 


iiij li. vs. 


xxxviij s. 


viij 8. 


xviij li. ij 8. Sm'a deducdon' iiij li. 



xuj s. Ulj d. 

XX s. 
XV s. 
viij s. 

XV d. 
XV s. 


Somerset &» Derset Notes S» Queries, 


Hmidr* dt Bemyiut'p 

Melplaysh .. 
Bcmyiist'r .. 
Stoke Abbat' 
Wambrowke & Croftc . . 
Corscombe . . 
Nythcrbmy . . 
Sm'a hmashundr' 



T) U. iij s. 

iiij li. ij s. 


bixvij s. 


.xzvijli. ziijs. 


vuj d. 


Dedacdon' diisd* hundr' 







Hundr* dt Knolton 
Lancherfanll . . Ixxt s. 

Gussyg Regis . . briiij s. 

Up Wymbome . . Ixxviii s. 

Knolton . . Im s. 

Sm*a hnius hundr' xiiij li. uj s. 

Hundr' dt Egerdon 

Wyiitcrbom* Abbat' . . xlj a. 

Langabredy . . Izv i. 

Askcrywell.. .. *??*• 

Mop'combe 8c Netylcombe xviij s. 

Mylton .. .. iiijli. xvs. 

Honke 8c Stapelford . . xij s. 

Kentcombe xxj s. 

Wroxale .. zxiij s. 

Sm*a huins hnndr* . . xiiij li. xiij s. 

viijd. Sm*a deduct, zrys. 

Deduce' cinsd'm 

xiij 8. 

▼ s. 


j d. Sm'a deduce. 











Hnndr* dt Bemyngt'r fomm ft Redhona 

Mapelerton . . 
South perett 

Sm'a huius hundr* 


xvii] 8. 


xxiiij 8. 

XXV s. 

ix li. iiij 8. 

Hnndr* d6 Coiyfordettre 

Osmyngton . . . . xlv g. 

Sutton .. .. Ixxs. 

Radepole .. .. xviij s. 
Stokewode .. 

Chykerell .. .. ixs. 

Brodcwaye . . Ij s. 

Hallewell xixs. 

Up Waye . . rxv 8. 

Aysshton . . . . ^TJ ^* 

Monketon .. .. xij s. 
Wynt'bom Heryngston 8c 

Faryngton xx s. 

Wynt'bom Bclett . . xj s. 

Wydecombe . . xiiij s. 

Kny^hton . . xxij 8. 

West staford . . xiiij s. 

Est staford 8c Mayn . . xxxix s. 

Sm'a huius hundr' . . xix li. xii) s. 






uij d. 

iij d. 






IX d. 



Deduce' eiusd' hundr* 







Sm'a deduce. Ij s. 

XX d. 

Deduce' eiusd' hundr* 





iij 8. 
iiij 8. 

Sm'a deduce, xix s. 






Deducdon' eiusd' hundr' 

yj s. viij d. 
XX s. 






vjs. viijd. 
iiij s. ij d. 
iiij 8. 
iiij 8. 
iiij 8. 


V d. ob. 
Sm*a deduce. C s. vij d. ob. 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes <§• Queries, 

Hnndr* dt RedeUna 

Hamford •• .. xyj s. 

Okeford .. .. Ixvs. 

Manston .. .. Ixs. 

Yvem Cortcney . . Ivij s. 

Thorneton cu* Tottcbcr . . xxx s. 

Sutton Waleron . . Ivij s. 

Stourcpreveys . . liiij s. 

Stoure Wake . . xxx s. 

Fyfchydc . . . . xx s. 

Wc8touer . . . . xxx s. 

Kyngton cu* Ylond . . Ixij s. 

Weston .. .. xliijs. 

Mylton .. .. XXV s. 

Svlton .. .. xxvjs. 

iib'a Denna . . xxxj s. 
Sm'a huius hnndr' xxix li. xiiij s. 

Hnndr* de Newton Bokelond 


Maraehull .. 
Okeford . . 
Bokkelond . . 
West Pulham 
Estpulbam .. 
Mapowder .. 
Sm'a huius hundr' 


xyj s. 

xxiiij s. 


lyj s. 

xviij s. 


xxix s. 


xvij s. 

xliiij s. 

xxxiiij s. 

xij s. 

xxiiij s. 

Ixxj s. 

xxix li. xiij s. 

Hnndp' dt Whyteohnrch 

Mershwode . . 
Calwehaye .. 
Sm'a huius hundr' 

viij s. 
vij s. 


Hnndr' de Kwnkeidyoh 

Blanford Mary . . Ij s. 

Bloxisworth.. .. Ixx^ s. 
Fyfayssh cu* Tomston & Hywyssh xlij s. 

Turber Wylston . . xx] s. 

Watcombc . . . . xxj s. 

Cleynston . . . , xxj s. 

Whytechurche •• ^ Ixxiij s. 
Sm'a huius hundr* :V 

Hnndr' d6 Bezpen ft Hanlay 

Melbury & Compton 
Funttemell . . 
Ywem Mynster 
Sm*a huius hundr* 

. . viij li. vij s. 

. . vij li. viij s. 

Cxvij s. 

. , vj li. vij s. 

xxvij li. 

viij d. 








iij d. 
yj d. 


qa. .. 
qa. .. 
qa. .. 


eiusd'm hundr* 
iij s. iiij d. 

XX s. 



IX s. 

UJ s. 

xiij s. 




iiij d. 
iiij d. 

viij d. 


Sm'a deduce. Ixxiij s. viij d. 
Deducdon' eiusd* hundr' 






uj s. 






j d. ob. 


iiij d. 
iiij d. 

viij d. 

iiij d. 




vuj d. 

XX s. 

xvj s. j d. 

xj s. viij d. 

iij s. iiij d. 

ob. . . xyj s. viij d. 
ob. qa. Sm*a deduce. 

iiij 11. X s. X d. ob. 

Deducdon* eiusd' hundr' 



iiij d. 



Sm*a deduce. vj s. 

Deduce* eiusd' 


XX s. 



xiij s. 
Sm'a deduce. Iviij s. 

Deduce' eiusd' 
ob. . . xx\j s. 

ob. . . xiij s. 

qa. . . X s. 

qa. . . XX s. 

Sm'a deduce. Ixx s. 


iiij d. 

viij d. 

Som$rui S» Dorset Notes S» Quifies. 


Hiudr' de BrowmlraU 


eiusd' hundr' 

Stalbryggc .. 


VJ s. viij d. 


XXXV s. 

, , 

yi s. viij d. 

Cawndell Haddon 

xxK^ s. 

, , 


Hydes & Gom'shay 

, , 


Thomehall .. 

xvir s. 
xviij 8. 


, , 

XX d. 

CawndcU Wake 

, . 


Woderewe . . 

xviij s. 


. , 



XV 8. 

, , 


Sm*a hmus htindr' 

X li. xyj 8. 


Sm'a deduce. 





Himdr' de Rodabartfi 

Deducciones eiusd' hundr' 

Stoudlond .. 

xij s. 

, , 

XX d. 

Whyteclyf .. 


. , 

ij s. yj d. 

Sawnwych .. 

XV 8. 

. . 

iij 8. iiij d. 


xiiij s. 

nl. • 


xxij s. 

iij 8. iiij d. 
\5s. viijd. 


XXX 5. 

iij d. 

Kvngeston .. 
Aldjrngton .. 

iiij s. 


xiiij d. 


iij 8. 



xxvij s 


vij 8. V d. 

Sm'a hmus hundr' 

vij li. yi 8. 

viij d. 

Sm'a deduce. 

xxyj 8. j d. 




Handr' de Cranborn' 


' eiusd' hundr' 

Cranebom Hellcwcll & Ald'holt Ixviij s. 

iij d. 



Peyntrich . . 

xliip 8. 

iiij d. 

, , 

XX d. 


xxxiij 8. 

iiij d. 

. , 

iij s. iiij d. 

Edmu desham 

ZXX 8. 

iiij d. 


viij d. 

, . 

XX d. 


Xlv 8. 




XX d. 

Wymbom Abbot 

xz s. 


. , 



xxxix s. 


, , 


Wych Hampton 

xxxviij s. 



iiij 8. 

Tarant Gunvyle 

Ixxvi^ 8. 

viij d. 

, , 


Tarant Mmikcton 

zzxij 8. 





xij d. 

xxvj 8. viij d. 

xviij d. 

vis. viijd. 

ujs. iind. 

VIJ 8. iij d. ob. 


IXXJ 8. 

xxzj S. 


Farneham . . 

xlj S. 

iiij d. 

Okeford SkyUyng 



. . 



VIJ d. 


xxxj s. 

, , 

Sm'ji huius hmidr* 

Kzxix li. viij s. 

vij d. 

Sm'a deduce. 

Hnndr' de Tollarfford 


' eiusd' hundr' 

Wynfoyd . . 


, , 

vj 8. viij d. 

Crokeston .. 

, , 


iij d. 


Frome Wovchurch 

, , 

ijs. vjd. 

Lytclfrome . 




, , 


Melbury Sampford 
Chvld Frome 
Toller Porcorum 



, , 

vij 8. vj d. 

xyj 8. 


V)S. xd. 

. , 





XX 8. 

Chelbargh .. 


xlij s. 

XXZVj 8. 





yj li. xj s. 




Sm'a hnins hmidr' 


deduce, iiijli. 

iujs. xd. 


SofHiTset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 

Himdr' dt Fpampton 

Deduccion' eiusd' hundr* 

Frarapton . . 








, , 


Compton . . 
BynCombe . . 



, , 

xiij s. iiij d. 


V d. qa. 








Sm'a htdus hundr' . . zj li. 

.'.* Sm'a 


xiij s. iiij d. 

HoBdr' de Uggesoombe 

Deduce' dusd' hundr* 

Abbotysbnry .. iiij li 

. viijs. 


, , 

vs. qa. 



v d. ob. 

. • 


Portesham .. 



, , 

xiij s. iiijd. 






Ixxij s. 


, , 


Wyntcrbom Stipelton . . 

X d. qa. 


XXX s. 

Langton . . 

XV s. 


, , 

vs. V d. 


xxj s. 

iiij d. ob. 

, , 

vs. X d. qa. 


XXV s. 

X d. ob. 

, , 

vs. xj d. ob. 



iiijd. ob. 



PowncknoU . . 

xii^ s. 

ij d. qa. 



xziij s. 

xj d. qa. 

, , 



X s. 

Sm'a huius hundr' 

Sm'a deduce, iiijli. 

vs. vijd. 

Hnndr* dt Pymp'na 


eiusd*m hundr* 

Haselbar .. .. iiijl: 








• • 

xviij s. iiij d. 



• • 

xvj s. viij d. 

Stykelane .. 



, , 


Quarleston .. 



, , 

iiij s. 




, , 


Bryanston . . 

XXX s. 


, , 

X s. 

Knyghton . . 





Durveston .. 

XX f. 




Langton Gildou 


• • 


Langton Botteler 




Stoure Payn 

xxiiij s. 


• • 

'J *• ... , 

Aytshe laston 




vjs. vii;d. 

Stapelton .. 

XXX s. 

ill d. 

. . 

vs. iiijd. 




, , 


Kayneston . . 




yj s. viij d. 



viij d. 

, , 


Loweston .. 

xxxiij s. 


, , 


Henton Gundcfyle 

Iviij s. 


, , 

viij s. yj d. 


Ixxvij s. 




Sm'a huius hundr' xxxviij li 

X d. Sraa* deduce. 

Cvs viij d. 

Hundr' d6 Rushemer' ft Haieler* 


* dusd' hundr* 



• • 

iij s. iiij d. 

Enecombe . . 


viij d. 

, , 





• • 





Egleston . . 




iiij s. 

Langeton . . 




VI s. viij d. 

Estyngham . . 








• • 

yj 8. viij d. 

Somerset <5» Dorsst NoUs S* Queries. 





, , 



XV s. 


, , 

XX d. 









• • 


Kym'yggc . . 
Wynt'born . . 


XX i. 









, , 


Sm'a huins* hundi* . . 




deduce : 

dviij s. 

Himdr* de Badburya 



i' eiusd' 


Kyngeston . . 




, , 




, , 

XX d. 


xliij s. 











KyrchuU . . 



, , 



iuj li. 



. . 


viij d. 




, , 




liiij s. 

. , 



Gussych Mich' 



, , 

XX s. 

Wymbomc . . 








. . 


Sm*a huins hundr' 

xliiij ] 

i. xiijs. 







Handr' de Halawestoka 

Deduce' eiusd' 



Ixxij s. 




Libtfias de Byndon cm' Membris 

• • 



Lib'tas eodem 

XX s. 

Westhilleworth in ead* lib*t. 


Westboxhamton in ead* 



XX s. 

Man'la In Com' Don' 


eorumd' Man 


Denelyssh .. 

liiij s. 



iij d. ob. 

Brode Wjrnsor 


xxxiij s. 




viij d. 





iiij d. 





Biu^* in Ck»m' Don' 




in Com 









XX li 






Portlond . . 




Wyke & ElweU 




Waymouth . . 




Warham . . 



xxxiij 8. 


Byrdeport . . 
Blanford . . 








Mdcombe Regis 



XX s. 




Sm'a To'l. xv'e 8c x'e- 





Inde deduce. 





Et sic Clar' Dn»o Regi DCCxvijli. 




Feed. MU' 
Vaie Autem 

il't. AngUe xl.M'l.CC & xvijs. 
Item Anglie Iij M'l. xxiiij s. 

D' quibus Religios' h'ent xviij M'l. xv. 

200 Somsrut S» Dorset Notes &» Queries, 

Ecdes' p'ochial' . .xlv MM. 6c xj s. 

Alloc' p' br*e 
Mdcome .. .. ..:•-*:: 


Gussycfa Mich' 

Lyme .. .. ..: ..: :• 

Th6 kyn^yityllTep to be payd of the Tethyn of Thoniylla the XVth and Xth. 

It*m Joane Gante at Renth . . iij li. xvj d. 

It'm Edyth chylls at Rcuth . . iiij li. xv ij d. 

It'm Willia* chylls at Renth xl s. ix d. 

Ifm Crystynne Snok at Renth . . xiij s. iiij d. iij d. 

It*m Kychard Creche at Renth . . iiij li. xviij d. 

It'm Nicolasse Sbortte at Renth xx s. iiij d oh. 

It*m Tohne Whelcr at Renth . . xiij s. iiij d. iij d. 

It'm Willia* Thornylle in his wiffe londis xvj li. vj s. 

It'm Rychard frey at Renth 
It'm Johne Paneat at Renth 
It'm Johne Rowne at Renth 
It'm Johne gayllpyn at Reynth 
It'm Willia' hylle at Rente 
It'm Willia' kelley wey at Rente 
It'm Thomas Snok at Rente 
Ifm Willia' Chamberlyon at Rent 
It'm Johne Snok at Rent 
It'm Johne Chylls of Weston for Turcraftvsse | 
at Rent .. .. ' ] 

It'm Roberth byssoppe at Rent 
It'm Thomas liyng at Ren' 
It'm Rychard Snok of Stalbrygg at Ren' 
It'm waiia' bugber at Ren' 
It'm Marion gaUpvn at Ren' 
It'm Rychard Snok of Weston at Ren'. . 
It'm WilHa' Clark at Ren' . . 

Sm'a xvij s. iiij d. 
The Sm'a of the Rentt— Iiij li. xix s. iiij d. 

Thys ys the kynyssylla* to be payd of the tethyn of Weston the X Yth, Xth. 

Hew Westonn . . . . iiij s. 

Willia' lock . . . . ij s. iiij d. 

Willia' hoper . . . . ij s. iij d. 

Johne a.. .re .. .. xiiijd. 

Henry Snoke . . . . ij s. vj d. 

Johne Baylle . . . . xij d. 

Thomas lymon . . . . iij s. vj d. 

Willia' Snok .. .. x d. 

Hew locke . . xij d. 

Johne locke . . yj d. 

Johne Chamberlyn . . xij d. The Sm'a of the kyngs 

Willia' Gooslyng' .. iiijd. syllu' ys — xxviijs. iiijd. 

Rychard Gawterell .. xd. 

Johne Bracke . . . . xx d. 

Robert Touker . . . . xv d. 

Johne Chyllys .. .. xd. 

WilHa' Chyllys . . .. xd. 

Willia' Chamberlyn . . xviij d. 

Henry Towker . . . . x d. 

Johne Palentone . • x d. 
Sm'a xxviij s. xj d. 









iiij d. ob. 





XV d. 




xiij s. 

iiij d. 





xiij s. 
















1:1 d. 





j d ob. 


iiij d. 


Somerset S^ Dorset Notes S» Queries, 2Cii 


Church. — The Church of St. John the Baptist, Sel worthy, con- 
sists of nave, two aisles and chancel. A double flight of steps 
leads up to the Churchyard from the high road. Three steps lead 
from thence into the porch, and five more are ascended before 
the level of the Church itself is reached. The Porch has two 
stories but the oak roof of the lower story has been, unfortunately, 
removed ; and a plain plaster one substituted for it. The heavy 
1 5th century door, however, still remains at the bottom of the 
flight of steps which leads into the Church. On entering the 
Church the eye is caught by the font with its curious movable 
covering of oak carved with a linen pattern. The base of the 
font is apparently new, or at all events it has been much 
re-chiselled, but at the recent visit of the Somerset Archaeological 
Society to Selworthy the bowl was pronounced to be probably a 
Saxon one. The greater part of the Church is of the Perpen- 
dicular period, and the south aisle — the latest part of the building 
— is dated 1490. In this aisle are some five windows with 
handsome tracery and transomes. It possesses also a beautiful 
oak roof of the waggon shape. The ribs, which are all delicately 
carved, and ornamented at their intersection with finely executed 
bosses, spring from behind a deep and elaborate oak cornice. 
This cornice was until recently much decayed, but it has of late 
been well restored by the Selworthy Carving Club under the 
direction of Miss Davies of the Home Art and Industries Associ- 
ation. The Chancel is approached by two steps, but the height of 
a piscina on the south wall of the south aisle indicates that the 
chancel has been raised one step, probably for making the vaults 
which exist under the east end of the aisle. During the restoration 
of the church in 1875 a painting of the Virgin and Holy Child was 
discovered under the east window of this aisle, and round the 
window were found floriated designs and portions of inscriptions 
in black letter. It was found, however, impossible to recover 
these paintings. It has been suggested that a carved altar-shaped 
stone of the Perpendicular Period, which was appropriated in the 
i8th century as the tombstone of a certain Mary Hill, who 
now reposes beneath it as the inscription let into the carved 
panel declares, was an altar to the Virgin, and stood beneath the 
painted group under the east window of the south aisle. Not 
only this aisle but the whole church was evidently covered with 
fresco painting when built, as painted devices have been found 
under the present lime wash all over the church. Mr. J. D. 
Sedding, the late well-known London Architect, considered that 
the Sacrarium was the oldest part of the Church. On each side 
of its plain and apparently early window are two niches for 
figures of Saints, of diff*erent heights and of apparently different 
dates. It has been suggested that the roundheaded niche on the 
left hand side may have been part of a very early window. The 

Part xxii. junk. 1893. p 

202 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Chancel has been recently re-arranged under Mr. Sedding's 
direction and much improved. The steps to the Sacrarium have 
been widened, the plaster removed from the roof and oak panell- 
ing substituted, and the seating altered. The Post- Reformation 
Altar Table was removed several years ago to Lynch Chapel at 
the North end of the parish, and the present carved one presented 
by the Rev. H. Hoare, at one time curate of the parish. A 
beautifully carved oak screen, of which a few portions, sumptuously 
coloured and gilded, still remain, ran at one time across the 
Church. We find that a certain John Home of Sel worthy, whose 
will was proved in 1544, bequeathed xxs. to the making of this 
screen. To the North aisle Mr. Sedding assigns a date of circa 
1390. The roof is waggon-shaped and was evidently never 
finished, as both bosses'and carved wall-plate are absent. Carved 
bosses have been provided for this roof by the Selworthy Carving 
Club. Just below the Chancel step a narrow doorway gives access 
to the turret staircase which originally led to the Rood Loft. 
On the wall about this doorway and also the one above it which 
opened on to the Rood Loft were many devices such as cross- 
surmounted Ms, etc., and a large portion of the wall below the 
Chancel was apparently ornamented with a design of fleur-de-lys. 
The plaster has recently been removed from the roof, displaying 
some handsome oak ribs, and the roof has been boarded with oak, 
felted and reslated. A doorway was recently blocked up in the 
western end of this aisle which was secured by the customary 
great oak bar. Across the western end of the nave is an oak 
gallery, a good piece of i8th century carpenters* work, but which 
blocks the tower and which for many reasons would be better away. 
Close to the south entrance door a stone staircase in the wall 
leads up to the chamber over the entrance porch. This, from 
the time of the Reformation until the beginning of the present 
century, appears to have been used as a lumber room, but it was 
then adapted to serve as a pew by the Hon. Mrs. Fortescue, 
grandmother of the present Sir T. D. Acland. This lady built 
the curious balcony which hangs over the Church, and in order 
to make the room more suitable for her purpose, raised and 
flattened the roof of it and removed the external battlements. 
This alteration considerably mars the appearance of the porch 
from the exterior. The square head of the window appears at 
the same time to have been removed and to have been replaced 
by an arched top. This room was retained for their use by the 
Acland family until the restoration of the Church in 1875 when 
seats were allotted to them in the E. end of the S. aisle. The 
room is now used as a vestry. A second staircase at one time 
gave access to this room from the porch, but this was removed in 
1875. The Tower, which is only forty feet in height and very 
massive, is approached by a relatively low arch which is not in 
the middle of the west end of the Church. The Tower was 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 203 

evidently part of an earlier and smaller Church, and was allowed 
to remain when the building, with which it was first connected, 
was swept away. Money no doubt ran short, otherwise we should 
probably have had at Selworthy a tower like the ones at Minehead 
and Dunster. The tower contains a clock chamber with a belfiy 
above. Three of the steps of the Staircase are formed of tomb- 
stones of an early date. Two bear incised floriated crosses, and 
on the third a portion of an inscription in Lombardic capitals is 
visible. The basement and belfry are lighted by two-light 
windows of an Early English character and the Clock-chamber by 
a narrow lancet window which is partially blocked up. A fine 
view is commanded from the flat leaden roof of the tower. The 
tower is solidly built of large blocks of ashlared stone, very 
different to the inferior masonry of which the walls of the Church 
are composed, but both tower and Church are at present covered 
with rough cast. There is a pretty peal of bells on which are the 
following inscriptions : — 

Treble Bell. Come let us ring 

for church and king. 

W. [bell] E. 1757. 

Second. — Prosperity to the Parish. W.E. 1757. 

Third. — Peace and good Neighbourhood. W.E. 1757. 

Fourth. — Wm. Evans of Chepstow cast us all. 1757. 

Ft/th.—Ur. Thos. Kent and Mr. Phillip Tayler, Church- 
wardens. W.E. 1757. 

Tenor. — God preserve our king and kingdom and send us 
peace. W.E. 1757. The tenor bell is said to weigh 18 cwt. 

There are a number of very quaint bosses on the roof of the 
nave and the Chancel, and on the wall plates of the Chancel are 
the arms of St. John, St John and Arundel, Arundel, etc. 

There is but little ancient painted glass left in the Church. 
The beautiful windows of the South aisle were evidently at one 
time filled with stained glass, but only a few fragments re- 
main in the transomes. These windows have recently been filled 
with grisaile glass by Messrs. Beer of Exeter, at a cost of about 
;f 1 00. The window over the altar was inserted in 1 890, principally 
at the expense of Sir Thomas Acland, and is dedicated to the 
memory of the Rev. J. Stephenson who died at the Rectory at the 
advanced age of 94, having held the benefice for 63 years. The 
window is the work of Messrs. Clayton and Bell of London, and 
cost £ 1 70. In the East window of the North aisle are some pieces 
of painted glass evidently of the 15th century. In the top tracery 
are a pelican and one or two other devices, and below are repre- 
sented -the arms of Nicholas Arundell of Trerys, as a legend under- 
neath states, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heiress of 
Martin Pellor. This Nicholas was the father of Sir John Arundell 
of Trerice, whose son Nicholas married Joan St. John, the heiress 
of the manors of Luccombe and Selworthy. The window was 

204 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

probably inserted by Nicholas Arundell to the memory of his 
grandfather and grandmother mentioned above. The arms of 
Pellouer of Cornwall are described as Sabie, a chevron or between 3 
bezants, and these form one of the quarterings on the above shield, 
they also form the last quartering on the shield on the brass in 
Stratton Church, Cornwall, to the memory of Sir John Arundell 
of Trerice who died 25th November. 1560. In his *^ Visitation 
0/ Devon " Colonel Vivian states that Nicholas Arundell, Sir John's 
grandfather, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John 
Pellor (John is evidently a mistake for Martin), Lord of the 
Manor of Pellor. Portions of figures, etc., remaining in this 
window, seem to indicate that it must have been a *• Jesse" 

Monuments in Selworthy Church. 

There are several brasses in Selworthy Church. 

In the Sacrarium are the following : 

I.— On the North wall. 

Epitaphiom Gnlihelmus Fleete pastoris gregis 
Domini apud Selworthienis qui obiit 

Quinto die Janoarii. Ano Domini 16 17. 

Mortuos hie jaceo in terra tumulatus et uma 

Funerei versus conditor ipse mei, 
Londini natus, Winton nutritus et Ozon 

Naviter edoctus cum grege Wicamico 
Inde Somerseti Selworthia '^la tenebat 

£t coelo atque solo nomine digna satis 
Quadraginta octoque annos puerosque senesque 

Edocui vera dogmata Sacra Dei 
Hisce lods hujus transegi tempora vitae 

Nil superest nisi quod spiritus astra petant 
Mortali haec vita transacta certus ego sum 

Quod mihi cum Christo vita perennis erit. 

Here dead I lie in earth, entombed in the grave 
My funeraUs in swanlike sort mjrselfe indited have 
London my birth, my bringeing up Winton and Oxford had. 
Where taught I was wth. Wickh^*s flodce ye grave and sad 
Thence Selworthye in Somersett this place of worth and fiune 
Mee kept for wholsome aire and soil most worthy of that name 
Where forty years and eight I taught God's flock both young and old 
And did to them as meete it was God's holy Word unfold. 
And in these forenamed places all my time and life did spend 
What now remaines but yt my soule above ye stars shall wend 
For this my mortali life once o'er I know and I am sure 
An everlasting life with Christ God will for me procure. 

2. — 

In Piam Memoriam 

Andreae Georgii Gilmore A.M. 

Hujus Paroechiae per IX annos 



LX annos natus 

Obd|^B|M in Jesu Deus ducet cum Ulo. 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 205 

3. — On the South wall. 
In this Chancel are deposited the remains of Hannah Brice wife of the Rev. 
Nathaniel Blake Brice who was boned March ye 20th 1767 aged 57 and four of 
their children viz : 

SARAH was buried August i8th 1738 an infant 
MARY was buried August 18th 1748 aged 5 years 
NATHANIEL was buried March 20th 1 770 aged 22 
PENELOPE was buried Jan. 7th 1772 aged 38. 

Underneath this stone lie interred 

the remains of the 

Rev. D. WiUiams 

22 years RECTOR of this PARISH 

who d^arted this life 

the 1st day of Sept. 1802 aged 72 

Magnus Homo. Acer. Memorabile. 

In memory of 
Rev. Theodor MuUer 
Rector of Selworthy from 1864 
to 1873 who died at Minehead 

January 2nd 1877 aged 77 
a biithful preacher of the Gospel 

a gentle loving Spirit 
He patiently endurea to the end 
and has gone to his rest and reward. 

{To be continued,) F. Hancock, 

228. Dorset Smugglers. (II. xiii. 149, xiv. 187, xvi. 261, 
III. xviii. 60.)— The clouds which gathered on our sociaJ horizon, 
and the storms which burst around us in the latter half of the last 
century and for some years later, seemed to have cast their shadows 
on the life-history of our rural population. It was an age of 
lawlessness and crime. To defraud the revenue of the country 
and set the fiscal laws at defiance was considered by many as a 
very light offence, and persons, who ought to have known better, 
set a bad example to others by encouraging an illegal trafiSc that 
often led to acts of violence and crime. The lower classes 
became thoroughly demoralized ; peaceable people were intimi- 
dated; and there was no security for either property or person. 
These remarks have reference chiefly to the social condition of 
the Southern counties where these evils existed in a notorious 
degree and spread to an alarming extent. They apparently had 
their rise on the borders of Kent and East Sussex, extending 
thence through the maritime districts of Hants and Dorset, 
whose cliffs are well adapted by Nature for carrying on an illicit 
commerce with the Channel Islands and the shores of France. 
There was at this time an organized body of ruffians known as 
the Hawkhurst gang of smugglers, which was the terror of the 
country. Their history reads like a romance. One of the most 
audacious outrages on record is the account we have of their 
breaking open the Custom House of Poole, in the year 1 747, to 
recover a cargo of contraband goods which had been seized by 

2o6 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

the Revenue officers in a trading vessel, and forfeited to the 
Crown. These ruffians accomplished their purpose in a bold 
and masterly manner ; laden with their booty they returned to 
the place from whence they came, on the border of Hants and 
Sussex ; but Justice was tracking their steps, when the two cruel 
murders they committed, partly from revenge, and partly with the 
vague idea of evading detection, instead of aiding their escape, 
simply had the effect of accelerating their fate. Several of them 
were convicted and ended their wretched lives on the gallows ; 
their bodies subsequently hung in chains at different places in 
Sussex and Kent*. This broke up the Hawkhurst gang of 
Smugglers, but I fear that this hideous Judicial warning had but 
little influence in deterring Dorset Smugglers from persistency 
in their nefarious practices. There was an organized system in 
this County, as is shown by Mr. Roberts in his history of L3rme 
Regis. But it was not limited to that part of Dorset, having 
ramifications in various parts of the coast to St. Aldhelm's Head, 
the North side of Purbeck, and along the shores of Dorset and 
Hants to Christchurch. Along this line of coast accomplices 
were always prepared for a ** run," when the signal was given 
that a cargo of '* goods " had been landed and was waiting for 
transit inland. This, of course, gave rise at times to scenes of 
violence and bloodshed, when the smugglers were attacked by 
the Custom-House officials or the Coastguard. Some deplorable 
scenes of this kind occurred about the year 1780. I will mention 
one or two that I have found recorded in contemporary prints. 
For instance — in 1779 — "On Friday the 9th of March, the 
excise officer at Cranborne in Dorset, having intelligence of 
upwards of twenty horses loaded with smuggled goods, passing 
by that place, he with six Dragoons quartered at Cranborne, 
armed with guns, swords, pistols, &c., went in pursuit of them, 
and about 4 o'clock p.m. finding the goods in a coppice near 
Hook's Wood in the Parish of Farnhani, they immediately seized 
them, loaded their horses, and began to carry them away ; upon 
which the smugglers, who were not far distant, collected them- 
selves to the number of forty or fifty, and attacked the Dragoons, 
when a desperate fray ensued. The soldiers with their broad 
swords behaved with great resolution and bravery, the Excise- 
man, it is said fired his fusee and wounded one of the smugglers 
in the arm, so that it must be amputated ; another smuggler was 
shot in the left breast, and the ball went through him. The 
smugglers made use of large clubs, and being highly exasperated, 

♦See " Sussex Archaolog. Collection, ^t)!. x, 1858, and an old chap book, 
scarce and curious, entiled — "A full and genuine History of the inhuman and 
w^aralUled murders of Mr. William Galley, a Custom-house Officer ; and Mr, Daniel 
Ckater, a shoemaker, by fourteen notorious smugglers, with the trials and execution of 
seven of the bloody Criminals, at Chichester, &<. 6th edit, illustrated with 7 Plates 
of the barbarous cruelties, Chichester. Printed by William Mason, n.d. pp. 160. 

SoMifset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 207 

dealt their blows about very severely. They were at last victorious ; 
they beat the soldiers in an inhuman manner, broke their swords* 
demolished their fire-arms, and carried off their horses in triumph ; 
but they have been since all found. An information having been 
made on oath that two smugglers were in bed on the Blandford 
road, they were taken the next morning by a party of dragoons from 
Wimbome and committed to Dorchester gaol. We have just 
heard that a smuggler has died of his wounds in the above fray." 
Again, about this time, *' a seizure of smuggled goods was made 
near Thorney Down by the Supervisor and Exciseman, in the 
neighbourhood of Blandford, consisting of about 16 cwt. of 
tea and 9 casks of liquor, which were brought into that town and 
deposited in the house of the Supervisor. About 7 o'clock the 
same evening a large body of smugglers came with pistols, &c., 
on horseback, forced their way into the house, and carried the 
whole off in great triumph, shouting along the streets, and firing 
their pistols in the air. While they were loading they gave two 
casks of liquor to the mob to amuse them." For the following 
story I am indebted to an old man who was a near relative of the 
principal party concerned. I knew this person, a noted smuggler, 
who lived at Verwood, in Cranborne Parish, and was killed by a 
fall from his horse in the year 1826, at the age of 67. The 
circumstance related to me must have occurred many years before 
in the early years of his life. The Exciseman living in Cranborne, 
hearing that some ** kegs '* of liquor were secreted on Dans 
premises, he searched and found eleven "kegs*' concealed in an 
underground cell constructed for the purpose. Dan, whilst the 
search was going on, was industriously engaged in cutting turves 
on the Common. My informant's father, who had married Dan*s 
sister, mounted his horse and rode off to tell him what had 
happened. The exciseman returned home doubtlessly exulting in 
the seizure he had made. Dan soon followed him on horseback, 
rode straight to Cranborne, put up his nag in the stable of the 
*• Flower de Luce" Inn, went into the bar and sat himself quietly 
down in the chimney corner, with his pipe and glass, as he was wont 
to do. Soon in comes some one full of the discovery that had 
been made that morning ; Dan quickly ascertained that the kegs 
were lodged in the Exciseman's house, which stood at the comer 
of the street opposite the present Post Office ; this was all he 
wanted to know, so he finished his glass and rode off as fast as 
he could to concert a plan for the recovery of the spoils with 
friends of his, desperate characters, who lived somewhere near 
the coast. A party of them accompanied by carts and horses 
quickly obeyed the summons, and at midnight they found them- 
selves near Cranborne. They stopped at the cross roads known 
as ** Deadman " (from a legendary belief that a suicide's body 
was buried there) not far from the town. My informant's father 
who acted as their guide went on into the town and marked the 

'^lo Somerset S* Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 

It is a thin Folio of only lo pages bound in calf with the 
covers richly illuminated with a device stamped in gold, con- 
sisting of a Heraldic shield charged with the Arms of Chafin, 
A Talbot passant, chief ermine ; impaling Sturt, on a fess between 
3 colts courant as many roses. This is surrounded by a gold border, 
and several emblematic figures, of which the Dove and olive 
branch are conspicuous objects. Each page is also ornamented 
witn a broad gold border. 

The explanation of this is, thus, George Chafin, Esqre, of 
Chettle married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Anthony Sturt, Knt, of 
Horton, Dorset, and three days after the wedding, the Bride was 
seized with Small-pox from which, however, she Providentially 
recovered, and happily without retaining any permanent trace of 
that terrible disease. This occurred, it will be noted, before the 
discovery of Vaccination, which mitigates both the danger and 
dread of that disease at the present day. 

The author's name does not appear, and it would be un- 
generous to offer any critical remarks on his well-meant production, 
which shews him to have been a person of cultivated mind, and 
I have no doubt he received that recognition and approval of his 
kindly service which he justly merited. His Poem consists of i6o 
lines of ten-syllable verse, too long to transfer to these pages, but 
as a specimen of the composition I will subjoin a few of the con- 
cluding lines : — 

** Now, Happy Sir, melt a long life away, 
A life but one continued nuptial day, 
Nay, to be Happier still, live. Sir, to see 
E'en your own founded Immortality. 
Not only of Love's richest bliss possessed 
But with the Fruit of Love as richly blest, 
Yes, Live to see your finitfiil Table spread 
With those sweet Pledges of the Genial bed. 
Those smiling miniatures to fill your arms. 
Heirs to a Father's Honor, Motner's charms, 
Copies, that shall the Original renew, 
And make the Stock immortal where they grew. 

But Poets are not always true Prophets ! Great events occurred 
within the space of about a century from this time; eleven of those 
olive branches grew up round about the table of the ** Happy 
Pair," — five sons and six daughters, of whom William, the youngest 
son, became the head and last of the male lineal descendants of 
this fruitful stock, and inherited the Chettle Estate, which, after 
his death in 1818 followed by a protracted administration of his 
affairs, passed away by sale into other hands. And then this old 
and respected House vanished from the scene, and the name of 
Chafin is no longer heard but as an echo from The Past; 
Immortality was the Poet's dream ! 


Somifut 6* Dorset Notes S' Queries. 209 

229. Glatenelom — A British name for Somerset. — 
In an extract from the Cottonian portion of ** Liher CusiumarunC* 
published in the Rolls Series in i860 and of which the exact 
reference is ** Monumenta Giidhalla LonaoniensiSy^ Vol. II, Part 
II. p. 625, we find the words — ** Et Sumersetesire (Britonice vero 
vocatur • Glaiemlon'y* 

Mr. Riley in the Glossary (p. 730) says **the first two syllables 
may possibly be connected with ' Glaesting/ the old name of 
Glastonbury, in that county.'* 

Not being satisfied with this derivation, I wrote to Mr. John 
Rhys, Professor of Celtic in the University of Oxford, and he 
lias most kindly allowed me to give his replv, which is as follows : 

" I am not inclined to think that the Giatenelon of the Liber 
Custumarum is any form of the name Glasion or Glasting, The 
Welsh for Somersetshire is now Gwlad yr Ha/, "the Land of 

•This in older Welsh would have been written Gulai ir Hav, 
The reduction of Gulal to Giat is illustrated in Glamorgan for 
Gulat-morgariy ** Morgan's Country." I cannot, however, account 
for any more of Glaienelon than the first four letters. Allowing 
for the usual misreadings and miscopyings Giatenelon might be 
conceived to have been Giatenelon or Glat-evelon with evelon a 
form of the same origin as Avaiion, so that the whole might be 
regarded as meaning ** The Land of Avallon." On the other 
hand such a name is utterly unknown for Somerset, and I cannot 
accordingly attach any importance to it." 

I beg to take this opportunity of thanking Professor Rhys 
for his very valuable letter. Editor for Somerset. 

230. Thalia Triumphans. — Such is the title of a poetical 
production of the early part of the last century, probably not much 
known ; a copy is in my possession, which I will briefly describe 
as it relates to a stirring incident in the family annals of one of 
our old Dorset Gentry, Chafin of Chettle, The title runs thus; 

"Thai.ia Triumphans 


Congratulatory Poem 

on the 

Happy Marriage 

of the 


George Chaffin Esqre 

And His Lady's 

No less Happy Recovery, &c. 

Phosphore redde diem. 

London Printed Anno 1714." 

212 Somerset S* Dcrset Notts S* Queries. 

entries from 1755 to 1812. The later contains also a list of 
vicars, and a Terrier and Arbitration drawn up by Mr. Garrett, vicar. 

The other books from 1813 are of the statutory form. 

The chest also contains a rough entry book of paper which 
was in use from 1735 to 1822. 

The following entries may be of interest : 
Hughe Dunckerton vicarius de East pennard et Avicia Oram de Hornblotton napti 

erant octavo die mensis Augusti Ano Dni 161 6. 
Thomas Clearke rector de Hornblotton et — Hillerd nupti erant 4 ^ Junii 161 7. 
William Phivian and Joane Salter were married . . 5 May, 1628. 

Grace, Willmot and Sarah the daughters of John Abarrowe were christened 

28 March, 1609. 
Blaunch daughter of Mr. Lewes Williams baptized . . 9 Aug., 1619. 

Elizabeth daughter of Lewes Williams vicar oapt. . . 18 July. 1622. 

Elizabeth daughter of Mr. George Hippisley bapt. .. 23 Dec., 1628. 

Mary daughter of Mr. George Hippisley bapt. . . 6 Feb., 1631. 

Amie daughter of Mr. George Hippisley bapt. . . 7 Aug., 1632. 

Rose daughter of Mr. George Hippisley bapt. . . . . 26 Dec, 1634. 

John son of Mr. Greorge Hippisley and Thomasine his wife bapt. 6 July, 1637. 

Thomas son of George Hippisley gent, and Thomasine his wife bapt. I April, 1641. 

Thomas and Mary Coward children of Mr. William Coward acd KatheriDe 

his wife bapt. . . . , . . . . . . 7 July, 1647. 

George son of Mr. William Coward and Kntherine his wife bapt. 22 July, 1649. 
Jnane daughter of Robert Chamber was bapt. 18 Feb., 1657, per Rabbetts. 

Elizabeth daughter of Mr. George Adams and Mary his wife bapt. 28 Sept., 1664. 
Mary daughter of Mr. George Adames and Margerj* his wife bapt. 8 Marcn, 1665-6. 
Garret (ie. Gerard) son of Mr. William Martin and Marvhis wife oapt. 20 June, 1670. 
Mary Martine daughter of William Martin and Mary his wife bapt. 24 Nov. , 1677. 
Elizabeth daughter of Mr. Henery Martine and Joane his wife bapt. 4 June, 1683. 
Elizabeth daughter of Mr. Philhpe Pope [vicar] and Mary his wife bapt. 

30th March, 1686. 
William son of Mr. Phillipe Pope and Mary his wife bapt. 6 Sept., 1688. 

Edmund son oi Mr. Philhpe Pope and Maiy his wife bapt. 4 June. 1691. 

Mary daughter of Mr. William Phelps and Mary his wife bom 4 Dec., 1698. 

„ „ „ „ * „ bapt. 19 Jan., 1698-9. 

Elizabeth daughter of Mr. William Phelps and Mary his wife bom 20 lilay, 

bapt. 18 June, 1700. 
Ann daughter of Mr. Robert Chinnock and Ann his wife bapt. 24 Nov., 1704. 
'i'homas son of Mr. Robert Chinnock and Ann his wife bapt. 3 Sept., 1706. 
William son of Mr. Robert Chinnock and Ann bis wife bapt. 9 Sept., 1708. 
Elesabeth daughter of Mr. Robert Chinnock and Ann his wife bapt. 10 May, 171 1. 
Grace daughter of Mr. Thomas Jeneges and Bety his wife bapt. 15 May, 1744. 
Edward Spincer son of Mr. Thomas Phelps and Elizabeth his wife bapt. 

6 Aug., 1745. 
Ann daughter of Mr. Thomas Wason and Ann his wife bapt. 17 March, 1746-7. 
John Hippisley buried .. .. .. .. 4 March, 161 2-3. 

John Pcwc of Wclse buried 22 May, 16 14, who was at pheseke at Henry Fisses 

and theare died. 
Gttlielmus Fivian clericussepultus erat 6 Oct., 1614. 

Katberyne Ayshcombe buried . . 20 July, 1616. 

luha Ayshcombe generosus buried . . 10 Nov., 1616. 

Ilnfh Dunkerton vicar buried . . . . 16 April, 1618. 

Marye Phivian widow buried .. .. .. .. 30 April, 1622. 

MsUy wife of Mr. Lewes Williams [vicar] buried . . 17 Jan., 1645-6. 

I ♦>ihH Williams Clerice [vicar] was buried . . 13 Oct., 1659. 

M ttv daiittbter of Mr. George Adames buried . . 27 March, 1665-6. 

VV'Hmttt Poelps buried 1 1 Nov. and hee died 6 Nov., 1669. 

Somerut S* Dorset Notes 6* Queries, 


Mr. Robert Jeanes buried 

Maiv daughter of Mr. William Martine and Mary his 

Wiluam son of Mr. William Martine buried 

Mary wife of Mr. William Martine buried 

Mr. WOliam Martin senior buried 

Mr. WUiiam Nichols buried . . 

Mr. John Wallis of Withel buried 

Mr. Henr^ Martin senior buried 

Mrs. Phibpippe Jeanes widow buried . . 

Mr. William Martin buried . . 

Mr. William Mastears buried . . 

Mrs. Maiy Phelps wife of Mr. Isaack Phelps buried 

Mr. William Phippen buried 

Mr. Isaac Phelps buried 

Gerard Martin, Esq buried 

Mary Pope relict of Philip Pope late vicar buried 

Mrs. Mary Martin relict of Mr. Gerard Martin . . 

Mrs. Grace Phelps buried 

The wife of Mr. Thomas Wason buried 

Mr. Thomas Forward junior buried 

18 Nov., 1682. 
wife buried 14 Sept., 1683. 

6 Oct., 1683. 

22 Oct., 1683. 

17 Jan., 1695-6. 

19 May, 1699. 
20 Apnl, 1703. 
22 April, 1704. 

I June, 1704. 
25 May, 1705. 

18 Oct., 1714. 
3 Jan., 1714.5. 
19 Sept., 17x9. 

19 May. 1722. 
10 Dec, 1726. 
10 Dec, 1731. 

23 March, 173 1-2. 

12 Sept., 1735. 

8 Dec, 1735. 

18 Jan., 1740. 

W. E. Daniel. 

233. Dorset administrations. — Continued, — (II. ix. 10, 
x.4.9, xi. 78, xii. 113. xiii. 150, xiv. 178, xv. 217 ,xvi. 242, III. xvii. 8, 
xviii. 57, xix. 94, xx. 151, xxi. 183.) 

1 63 1 to 1633 {continued). 

Grantee k Relatioxiship 
FoUo. Name of Deceased. Parish. to Deceased. 

89 Pearson, Abraham Beamister Christian, relict 

Sutton Wald- Sarah, relict 

Nether Comp- Rebecca, relict 


161 Polden, Robert 
120 Russell, Nicholas 
135 Selbie, Thomas 

Date of 

23 Mar., 163 1 
7 April,i633 

4 Aug., 1632 

177 Selby, Thomas Brianston 

53 Serrey, James , 

203 Sheldon, Richard Shillingston 
136 Simcocks, Hugh Durweston 
198 Smith,junr., Samuel Winterbome 

43 Somers, Mathewe Upwaie 

142 Stowdleigh, Walter Marshwood 
89 Tucker, John Beamister 

131 Wadham, John Swainedse, 

Isle of Pur 

Thomas Burton of Bland- 19 Nov., 1632 

ford Forum, shoemaker, 

husband of Joan Burton 

al*s Selbie, deceased, late 

relict of Thomas Selbie. 

Revoked ; fresh letters 

granted May, 1633. 
Jane Harlock al's Selby, 25 May, 1633 

daughter. Letters of 

Nov., 1632, revoked 
MelcombRegis Joane, relict 21 Sep., 163 1 

'" Elizabeth, relict 12 Nov., 1633 

Humfry, father 30 Nov., 1632 

Jane, relict 17 Oct., 1633 

LudovicHele,ar.,guardian 8 July, 163 1 

of Elizabeth, daughter. 

Letters erantcd Nov., 

1625, revoked. 
Joan, relict 29 Dec, 1632 

Frances, relict 29 Mar., 1631 

Winifred, relict x8 Oct., 1632 


Somerset &» Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

foUo. Ntme of Deoeaaad 
12 Warren al's Lock- 
ctt, Winifred 
i8o Whiffin, Thomas 

4 Wilkens al*s Mab- 

Icy, Thomas 

5 Wilhams, John 
140 Willoughbie, Ann 

148 Ancketill, Francis 
115 Barnes, Bridget 

see Lockett 

Corffc Castle 

Beere Regis 
Milbome Stile- 

1634 to 
Dun tish, Back' 

OrantM A Relatioiiihip 


17 J Beere, Francis 
151 Bond,Onesiphorus 

26 Browne, Jane, lady 
103 Buckler, Thomas 

74 Burd, John 

133 Bush, William 
173 Coker, Roger 

152 Collier, William 
4 Dare, Edward 

148 Densher, Ciprian 

Its Dewe, Johiv 
28 Fames, Richard 
47 Fauntleroy, Henry 

t¥) Foyle, Edward 

65 Gardner al's Ride- 
out al's Red- 
wood, Edward, 
104 ^"ty» John, der. 

17a Gibbon, Sidrac 
l3^^ Home al*s Marks 
1 W Marks al's Home, 

Over Compton 
Mel bury Bubb 


Stower Payne 

Wootton Fitz- 


Shaston, died 

in London 
South Litchett 

Dorothy, relict 
Elizabeth, relict 

Nicholas, father 

Robadge Baskett, wife of 
Peter Baskett of Chich- 
ester, gent., sister. Mary 
Cooke, widow, not fully 

May, 1636. 

Margaret, relict 

Hubert Hussey, father of 
Nicholas and Hubert 
Hussey and Mary Arnold, 
minors, grandchildren of 

William, son 

Dionisie, relict 

Tobn, arm., son 

Margaret, relict 

Joane, relict 

Mary, relict 

SJily. ib33 
26 Jan., I 


14 Jan., 1630 
22 Dec, 1632 

19 Jan., 163s 
17 July, 1635 

12 May. 1636 

2 Feb., 1635 
26 May, 1634 
20 May, 1635 
12 Jan., 1634 

3 Oct., 1635 

Robert Coker, gen., father. 17 May, 1636 
Joane, relict, not admin- 

FridesMdde, relict 

John Godwyn and Maiy 
his wife, daughter of 

Edward, son 

Mary, relict 

Alice, relict 

Dorothy Punchard al's 
Fauntleroy, sister 

Elizabeth, relict 

3 Feb., 1635 
24 Jan., 1633 

18 Jan., 163s 

15 Aug.. 1635 
3 May. 1634 

16 Aug., 1634 


see Marks 

^ Masoii al's Rich- see Richards 
Auls, Thomas 
} M<.Htfton, William Clenston 

9 Oct., 1634 
Ann, relict 12 Nov., 1634 

Mary, relict 22 Apl., 1635 

Lucy, relict 22 May, 1636 

Robert Hext, father of 24 Nov.. 1635 
Eleanor Hext, grand- 
daughter and next of Idn, 
during her minority 

George Moreton, baronet, 15 Feb., 1633 
kinsman and creditor. 
Revoked, fresh letters 
granted Nov.. 1634. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes &» Queries, 215 

Orautoe ft R«Utionsbip Date of 

VoUo. KaiB« of Daceued. Parish. to Deceased. AdminiatratioB. 

68 Moreton, WUliam Clenston Robert, brother. Former 10 Nov., 1634 

letters revoked. 
156 Morgan, William Waymouth John, son 19 Mar., 1635 

116 Nicholls, Thomas Buckhome Catherine, relict 6 July, 1635 

94 Pardy, Thomas CanfordMagna Mary, relict 18 Apl., 1635 

37 Pelham, Jonathan Fordington Richard Peele of St. Bene- 2 May, 1634 

diet, Pauleswharfe, citi- 
zen and imbroder of 
of London, creditor 
94 Richards al's Ma- Netherbury Paroell, relict 14 Apl., 1635 

son, Thomas 
65 Rideout al's Red- sec Gardner 
wood al's Gard- 
ner, Edward 
156 Sanford, Joan, Chardstock Christopher, son 14 Mar., 1635 

34 Shaw, Edward Milton Abbas William Talbot of Little 20 June. 1634 

Mayne, gen., creditor. 
Alice, relict, renouncing. 
123 Surrell al's Wood, Chetnoll Anne, relict 20 Aug., 1635 

90 Swetnam, John Shastoo William, son. Revoked, 24 Mar., 1634 

fresh letters granted 
May, 1637. 
78 Walrond, William Wootton Fitz- Alice, relict 13 Jan., 1634 

172 Webb, John Sturminster Catherine, relict 10 May, 1636 

172 Welsteed, John Wymbome Penelope, relict 12 May, 1636 

123 Wood, al'f Sur- sec Surrell 
reU, William 

June, 1636, to 1638. 

98 Allen, Richard Poole Alice, relict 15 July. 1637 

126 Barnes, Bridget Duntish Nicholas Hussey, grand- 5 Nov., 1637 

son. Former letters July, 


72 Brydle, Thomas Winterbom Joan, relict 20 Apl., 1637 


50 Buckler, Margery, Blandford John Hitchcock, father, 23 Jan.. 1636 

widow forum and William Hitchcock, 

brother, during minority 
of Thomas, Margaret, 
Mary, John, WiDiam, 
Alexander and Elizabeth, 
children of deceased 

50 Buckler, Thomas Melbury Bubb John Hitchcock, of Pot- 23 Jan., 1636 

teme, Wilts, and William 
Hitchcock, citizen and 
merchant taylor of Lon- 
don, during minority of 
children of deceased ; 
Margaret, relict, not hav- 
ing fully administered. 
Former letters May, 1635 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 

FoUo. Nam« of D«o«Med. 
191 Burton, Thomas 


193 Carter, Richard Pulham 

211 Connocke. William Motcombe 

212 Cooper, Uby Tarrant 

222 Cottrell, Thomas Wymbom 
14 Cox al*s Warren, Halstock 

4 Croade, Richard Frampton 

182 Dally, John Winterbom 

26 Darter aVsDaugh- Netherbury 

ter, William 
127 Davye, Nicholas Lyme Regis 

OrantM A ReUtionflhip Date of 

to D«ceaMd. Administratioii. 

Mary Lannynge al's Bur- 16 July, 1638 

ton, wife of Robert 

Lannynge of City of 

Westminster, shoemaker. 

Francis, brother. Margaret 19 July, 1638 

relict, not administering 
Eleanor, relict 18 Sept.,^1638 

Mary, relict 20 Sept., 1638 

Mary, relict 

Henry, husband 

Elizeus Renpe, creditor, 
during minority of Rich- 
ard, Anastasia, John and 
Alice Croade, children of 

1 1 Oct.. 1638 
19 Aug., 1636 
17 June, 1636 

Elizabeth, relict 

14 June, 1638 
senior, 7 Oct., 1636 

216 Dawe, Thomas Stinsford 
222 Dowlinge,Stephen Alderholt 

1 1 1 Ellis, John Shassbury 

5 Fisher, James Grimpston 

1 1 1 Fitzjames, Thomas Gussage 
212 Florence, Chris- Moredon 
tian, widow 
7 Fry, Simon 


John Davy of City of a8 Nov., 1637 
Exeter, merchant, broth- 
er, during minority of 
Richard, Samuel, John 
and Nicholas, children of 

222 Fursdon, Agnes 
38 Gibbon, Sidrac 

Wootton Fitz- Margaret, relict 

Grace, relict 2 Oct., 1638 

Alice, relict 29 Oct., 1638 

Ann, relict 4 Sep., 1637 

Catherine, relict 6 June, 1636 

Margaret, relict 25 Sept., 1637 

John, son 22 Sep., 1638 

14 July, 1636 

^are Regis George, brother 26 Oct., 1638 

Poole Nicholas, cler., brother, 15 Dec., 1636 

Lucy reUct (now deceased) 
not fully administering; 
former grant Ma^, 1636 
John Payne, creditor. Let- 7 Apl., 1637 
ters of Dec, 1636, re- 
79 Gibbs, Isaac Gillingham John, son 13 May, 1637 

222 Grigger, John Wareham Laurence, son 12 Oct., 1638 

" "' Mary Lowe al's Grrove, 7 Feb., 1637 

widow, Margaret Ancke- 
till al's Grove, widow, and 
Joane Grove, spinster, 

Geo. S. Fry. 
{7'o be coniintted.) 

71 Gibbon, Sidrac Poole 

151 Grove, jane, widow Shaston 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 217 

234. SoMERSKT Archives at Lambeth Palace Library. 
— Some ten years ago» the Court Rolls, Ministers' accounts, 
rentals, and other documents, were thoroughly overhauled and a 
Calendar made by Messrs. Storre and Kirk, record agents. The 
Historical MSS. Commission, in their 6th Report, made a general 
examination and survey of these ancient documents, under the 
able editorship of the late Mr. A. J. Horwood. It was impossible 
in this summarized Report to enter into minute particulars, but 
by the aid of the Calendar above referred to, we are enabled to 
point out special characteristics. Such are the Somerset Court 
Rolls, from 1 176-1 192, containing accounts of ''Halmotes" held 
at most of the parishes in the County, during the above men- 
tioned years. There are also household accounts of the Bishop of 
Bath and Wells in the time of Edward III, old court Rolls of 
Bempston, Buckland, Congresbury, Evercreech, Kingsbury, 
Lydiard, Wivelscombe, Woky, Yatton and other places; the dates 
chiefly ranging from Edward III to Henry VI. It is now evident 
that the local historian of Somerset has fresh sources from which 
to glean history ; and I am glad to think that this series of 
documents has been of service in the account of the parish and 
manor of Wookey, by Rev. T. S. Holmes, published in 1 886. The 
Archiepiscopal Registers begin in 1279, and often contain 
Visitations of Somerset monastic houses ; the Library is open daily, 
(Saturday excepted), from 10 a.m. till 4 p.m., and in the summer 
months till 5 p.m. 


235. Somerset. Dialect. — ^The following came to my 
knowledge some sixty years ago, and I believe appeared in the 
Bristol Weekly Intelligencer o^ iht 16th of March, 1754. 

Wm. Rees-Mogg, Cholwell House, TempleCloud, Bristol. 

"I am a native of Somersetshire, and strangely fond of the dialect of my own 
County. I frequently ccme to your Town, where I am often sneered at wr ex- 
pressing myself in rav native language. A Coxcomb lately detached from my 
neighbourhood, who has not had an apron on long enough to put off the clown, 
or put on the dt, told me in a kind of broken gibberish, that our lingo was neither 
to be said nor sung. Now if this pert rascal will remember how his kind father and 
mother used to taUc to him, he will recall this tale, understand what I have written, 
not to be so ungracious a bird, as to forget the nest in which he was hatched, and 
with some confusion own that our Doric dialect is not quite unfit for singing or 

Tom Nettles, but vrom Ztanton Drew, 

Who ztammur'd zoa, had much ado, 

Thof the rawgue tried wi aal his power, 

To bring out dree plaain words an hour. 

Could zeng, 'tis zed, like any mad, 

And well you'd imderstan* tne lad, 

His Veather's mow he once vound blazin. 

But how he know'd not, *twur amazin, 

The ha' burnt on, like anv oven. 

Tom run'd as if the Devil drawv' en, 

Till he com'd auverright a shurd, 


2i8 Somerset S* Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 

His Veather then he thought he heard. 
Then rawr'd agin in zitch a naut, 
YouM zwear the bwa had split his drawt, 
Till Etherd who crootch*d aoMni, a grawn in, 
Just by, but knaw'd his Tommy's yawin, 
AzM what he mead thic nais about ? 
Tom ztammer'd — not one word came out. 
Begun agen, and got half wa. 
But never could bring out " the ha," 
"Rat the " quoth Ned •• ztrike up and zeng, 
Or else 1*11 meake this ledger deng,** 
Tom struck up, "Veather, now d'ye hire. 
Why sblud, our dawver mow's avire.*' 
Out then ye vind vaate vaux awa, 
Who zes that we can't zeng, nor za." 

236. Stoke Trister, Somerset.— -In Heame's Edition of 
Adam de Domerham (Oxford, 1727,) there is a record of a Per- 
ambulation of Selwood Forest, p. 683, printed from Harbin's 
Extracts from the Glastonbury Register preserved at Longleat. 
The circuit was begun **il Tristro de Stokes" and ended ** ad 
Tristam de Stokes." Ducange explains the words * Tristra ' and 
•Trista' to mean an appointed place for a hunting-meet — a 
trysting place for the lord and such tenants as are charged to bring 
dogs to the chase. Professor Earle adds that * Tristur * in the 
same sense is found in the Romance called AuUrs of Arthur 
circa 1420, whilst a century earlier Tyrrell is described by Robert 
of Brunne as shooting Wm. Rufus from his *Tryste* or appointed 
post in the New Forest. 

Stoke was certainly the Tristur of the perambulation of our 
record. Probably it was the accustomed * Meet ' for other forest 
gatherings, and so gained its distinctive name. 

Heame gives no date, but as Ihe final perambulation made 
by Royal Commissioners took place in 1298, it must be dated a 
little earlier, probably within the reign of Edw. I. 


237. HiGHMORE Family of Dorset. — ^The earliest record 
of the name of Highmore in the County of Dorset has reference 
to the institution on the i6th Sept., 1588, of Richard Highmore 
as Rector of Hinton Martel. He was the son and heir of 
Anthony Highmore of Aspatrick in the county of Cumberland, 
son and heir of Gabriel Highmore who with his ancestors for 
several generations had been the owners of the estate of Harby- 
browe in that county. Richard Highmore died in December, 1 620, 
having had six sons the eldest of whom, Edward Highmore, was 
Rector of Purse Caundle and Goathill from 1603 to 161 3, and 
subsequently of Winterbome Sticklandfrom 1613 to 1667. Edward 
Highmore died at the age of 88. He had two sons, of whom the 
first, Edward, died without issue. The second, Abraham, bom 
28th February, 161 6, was employed in many honorable services 
relating to the Royal Family under King Charles the First, and was 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 219 

nominated and appointed by King Charles the Second, when 
Prince in Council, in the year 1644 a Lieutenant Colonel 
of Foot to Colonel John Penruddock, and afterwards served in the 
Associated Western Army under the command of Colonel John 
Coventry, under a Commission dated at Bridgwater the 30th April, 
164s, granted by Charles the Second then Prince of Wales, highest 
Captain General of all his Royal Father's forces. He was also 
constituted a Captain of Foot in Ireland by the Duke of Ormond, 
Lord Lieutenant General and General Governor of that Kingdom, 
by liis Commission dated at Dublin the 6th July, 1666, and one of 
His Majesty's Justices for the county of Catherlogh on the King's 

According to a statement in the Genileman's Magazine, Vol. 
22, N.S., at p. 182, in regard to the services rendered to King 
Charles the First, Colonel Abraham Highmore disposed of the 
family estates at Harbybrowe, consisting of seven manors and 
mansion houses, to a member of the Blencowe family "in order 
to defray the charges of raising, equipping and maintaining a 
volunteer corps of one thousand men in the cause of that unfortu- 
nate obstinate and ill advised monarch." 

Colonel Highmore's services were acknowledged in 1683 by 
the grant of a confirmation of the arms borne by his family with 
a crest added thereto, of which grant the following is a copy: 

*<To all and singular to whom these presents shall come Sir William Dngdale 
Knight Garter Principal King of Arms and Sir Henry St. George Knight 
Clai enceux King of Arms send Greeting Whereas the Right Honourable Robert 
Earl of Ailsbury Deputy Earl Marslud of England and one of the Lords of 
His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council hath by Warrant or Order under 
his hand and the seal of the Earl Marshall's office bearing date the 30th day of 
March last past signified unto us that Abraham Highmore sometime Major and 
Lieutenant Colonel in the service of His late Majesty King Charles the First 
Son and Heir of Edward Highmore clerk sometime Rector of Stickland in 
com. Dorset which Edward was Son and Heir of Richard Highmore clerk some- 
time Rector of Hintoa Martd in the saide county descended from the ancient 
Family of Highmore of Harbybrowe in Cimiberland hath made application to 
him the said Deputy Earl Marshall that the Armes borne by himself and his 
ancestors vizt Areent a Cross-bow between 4 Morecocks sable membered and 
beaked gules mi^t be confirmed unto him and such crest devysed and added 
thereto as may be lawfully borne by him the said Abraham Highmore and his 
descendants and other the descendants of Richard his Grandfather. And 
whereas the said Deputy EUu-1 Marshall taking into consideration the great loyalty 
of the said Abraham Highmore manifested not only in the service of his late 
Majesty of Blessed Memory but also under our present Sovereign in Irdand and 
elsewhere did thereupon signify unto us his consent for our confirming unto him 
the armes before mentioned and also for our devysing granting ana assigning 
such crest to the said armes as he and his descendants and other the descendants 
of Richard his Grandfather may lawfuUy bear. Know ye therefore that we the 
said Garter and Clarenceux in pursuance of the consent of the said Deputy Eari 
Marshall and by authority of tne Kings Letters Patent to each of us respectively 
granted under the Great Seal of England have allowed and confirmed and do 
by these presents allow and confirm unto the said Abraham Highmore the armes 
before mentioned and have moreover devysed and added unto the said Arms the 
crest hereinafter mentioned vizt out of a wreath argent and sable an Arm armed 

220 Somerset S* Dorset Notes 6- Queries, 

proper brandishing a Faulcheon argent hilt and pomell or between two leading 
pikes Gules headed Grold as in the margin hereof is more plainly depicted. To 
be borne and used by him the said Abraham Highmore and the heirs and 
descendants of his body and of the body of Richard his Grandfather lawfully 
begotten retaining their due and respective differences at all times and upon aU 
occasions accordmg to the law ana practice of arms without the lett interrup- 
tion dispute or contradiction of any person whatsoever. In witness whereof we 
the said Garter and Clarenceux have nereunto subscribed our names and affixed 
the seal of our respective offices this 28th day of Tuly in the 35th year of the 
Reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles the Second by the Grace of God King of 
England Scotland France and Ireland Defender of the Faith etc. Annoq 
Ani M.D.C.L.XXXin. 


William Dugdale 

Hen. St. George 
Garter Clarenceux" 

Colonel Highmore died the 13th August, 1688, having had 
issue three sons, named respectively Alexander, Edward and 

The other sons of Richard Highmore were (i) Nathaniel 
Highmore, who was Rector of Purse Caundle and Goathill from 
1613, as successor to his brother Edward Highmore ; (2) Robert 
Highmore, who was Rector of Aimer from 1 6 1 7, and of Hampireston 
from 1630; (3) Samuel Highmore, who was Rector of Winter- 
borne Anderson from 1620, and was instituted Rector of Hinton 
Martel on the death of his Father ; (4) Richard Highmore, who 
was Rector of Clifton Maybank ; and (5) Benjamin Highmore, 
who was a Doctor of Medicine. 

N. J. Highmore, Harbybrowe, Worcester Park, Surrey. 

238. Willis-Drury (HI. xix. 101, xx. 140, xxi. 200.) — 
All readers of S. 6f D. N. df Q. will feel indebted to Canon 
Church for the very interesting extract from the Wells Chapter 
Records ; but as a reply to my request for proof of the assertion 
that Humphry Willis married a Drury and nota Carrick it entirely 
fails. In the first place it appears hardly likely that this Humphry 
Willis, bom in 1590 according to his monument, should have 
been married in such an irregular manner in 1 606 when he was 
only sixteen years of age. It would seem more probable that it 
was some other member of the family, though the name of 
Martha of course inclines one to think it the same. But such 
being the case, it has yet to be proved that Martha Drury was not 
a widow and her maiden name Carricke. Until proof to the 
contrary is found, the evidence of the brass must stand. 

As regards this Willis family being the same as that which 
took the name of Compton, I only made the suggestion that they 
probably were of the same stock for various reasons, but by no 
means implied or fancied that the descendants of Humphry 
Willis took the name of Compton. 

At page loi is asked a string of questions I should be very 
glad to see answered. Abstracts of the wills of Thomas Popham 

S^Mursti S* Dorset Notes 6* Qfuries. 221 

and Martha Popham, his widow, are printed in Brown's Sowursel 

Almost immediatelj after the issue of mj book I noted the 
omission of the title ' Lord ' before the name of Coleridge, baft 
the initials J. D. for John Dnke, instead of S. T., Samuel Tajlor, 
sufficiently distinguished the author of the lines as the Lord 
Chief Justice Coleridge* and not his great uncle« Samuel Tajlor 
Coleridge, the poet, as also the date, the latter having died in 
1834. I need hardly saj that anj corrections or additions to mj 
Cathedral book, either direct to me or through ^. 6f D. NS&f Q., 
are alwajs most acceptable, as I am collecting material for an 
enlarged and corrected edition at a future time. 

A. J. JlWKRS. 

239. Hell as a Place Name. (IH. xix. 103, xz. 130-2, 
xxi. 184-190.) — ^There is an interesting old lane, (probablj a 
British Way,) leading from the Druid Stones at Stanton Drew, 
with a circuit, up to Blacklands and onward to Rackle Down of 
the Dundry Ridge ; Rackle Down, near Maes Knoll, being probably 
the ** Bow Ditch " of Rutter's Somerset History. This Ancient 
Roadway, as it passes from the " Stones " westward towards 
Chew Magna, is at first called Sandy lane, (being cut out of the 
*' New Red,*') afterwards, as it descends a steep down to the 
Moorledge Rivulet, it is known as " Bell Steps ; " as it emerges, 
to more open space it is known as " Paradisey The steep por- 
tion is indeed a hidden way, chiefly traversed by water and dogs, 
for human travellers would probably arrive at the bottom in 
tatters and " grouted." 

The Paradise Orchard was, for many years, the kennel 
station of the Stanton Drew Harriers. I presume they drew their 
ancestry, under the circumstances, from Cerberus. 


240. IsHAH Family of Somerset (I. iv. 169, v. 200, 
11. xvi, 268, III. XX. 133). — I Parliament at Oxford. Will. Ischam, 
Burgess for Truro, i Mar. Noiit, Parliam, V. 2, P. 51. 

(The above is a reference which I found in an old paper, and 
should be glad to know more about it. Can it refer to William 
Isham of Bodrigam, co. Cornwall, who died 1572 ?) 

State Papers, Henry VIII., Vol 5, Part 4, page 514. Letter 
from Earl of Hertford from the camp at Kelso, dated 1 1 Sept., 
1545, mentions Henry Isam ; "One or two Englishmen hurte, 
whereof Henry Isam servaunt to me, Sir Henrye Knyvet, was one." 

(I notice that Thomas Isham of Bradon, who died 15889 
held land of *my Lord of Hertford.') 

Calendar of Documents. Ireland. 1252-1284, 1285-1291, 
1 293- 1 301. The above contains, for these years, numerous refer- 
ences to Thomas de Isham or Ysham, who is called Sheriff of 

222 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Calendar of Docununis. Ireland. 1509- 1573. 

Page 91. [16 Nov., 1548.] Dublin. (Vol. i, No. 125). "Lord 
Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. About some 
leases in question between Captain John Brereton and John Issam, 
and Richard Deverus, servants to the Lord Proctor Somerset. They 
have granted to John Issam the office of Seneschal of Wexford." 

Page 92. 21 Nov., 1548. "Lord Chancellor Alen to Mr. 
Comptroller Sir William Paget. The bearer, Mr. Issam, has 
obtained the Seneschalship of Wexford." 

Page 93. 22 Nov., 1548. " Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the 
Protector Somerset. . . .Prays him to be good to the bearer, Mr. 
Issam, so that he may return more speedily, for the importance 
of his office requires it." 

Page 94. Nov., 1548. "Lord Deputy Bellynham to Mr. 
John Issam .... directs him to procure from the Lord Protector a 
letter to him (the Lord Deputy) confirming his authority on the 
estates belonging to the young Earl of Ormond during his 

Page 95. 22 Dec, 1548. "London. John Issam to the 
Lord Deputy Bellyngham. The King is in good health. All 
things go well forward in the Parliament House. They extinguish 

all popish traditions Issam was once called before the 

Lord Protector and the Council to declare the state of Ireland ; 
thinks he shall be called for again, and then get his despatch 
for Ireland. Sends certain letters to Mr. Knollys with certain 
little French books." 

Page 97. [Dec?], 1548. "Lord Deputy Bellyngham to John 
Isham. Encloses a letter to the Lord Protector." 

Page 99. 6 Janry, 1548-q. " Privy Council to Lord Deputy 
Bellyngham Mr. Issam's patent." 

Page 70. May, 1548. "George Deverus to Mr. John 
Axssame." (= Isham.) 

Page 262. 8 June, 1565. " Sir W. Fitzwylliams to Cecill. . 
Sir Henry Sydney to be openly cautioned against keeping company 
with Mrs. Issam." 

Page 334. 2 June, 1567. "Lord Treasurer Winchester to 
the Lord Deputy [Sidney], in favour of young Mr. Issam, who 
was left by his father in Ireland to be employed in service." 

Calendar of Documenls, Ireland, 1 5 8 6- 1 5 8 8 . 

Page 113. July, 1586. Roger Isham mentioned amongst 
those * licensed and authorized as undertakers for the repeopling 
and inhabiting of the Province of Munster.* 

Page 508. March, 1588. Roger Isham amongst those 'who 
were in Ireland or sent thither in the summer of 1586, and for 
want of place to bestow their people in, all saving a very few gave 
over that summer.' 

Page 485. (Vol. 133. No. 89.) 29 Feb., 1588. (St. Katha- 
rine's). " Sir Nicholas White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. 

Somerset 6- Dorset Notes 6- Queries. 223 

Good service of the bearer Isam in his sheriffship in the county 
of Wexford this last year." 

Page 510. (Vol. 135, No. 10.) 12 Ap., 1588. (Clonemore.) 
" Mr. Justice Nicholas Walshe to Burghley. Good desert of the 
bearer George Issame who hath with great adventure of his life 
much weakened his bad neighbours the Kavanaghs." 

Calendar of Documents, Ireland. 1 608- 1 6 1 o. 

Page 466. 21 June, 1610. Lands purchased of George 
Isham being passed to him and his heirs in fee farm by the late 
Queen at £(i per annum, granted to the College of the Holy and 
Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin. 

It is possible that the foregoing references to Ishams in 
Ireland may help towards the history of the Somerset family. 
John Isham, the Seneschal of Wexford, seems to have held an 
important post in stirring times. The name of Roger Isham is 
undoubtedly suggestive. There were indeed two Roger de Ishams 
of Northamptonshire, one living in 1084, the other in 131 1 
{ParL Writs\ the former possessing lands in Isham, co. North- 
ampton, but the name was not kept up. The name Roger might 
then suggest a Northamptonshire origin, but, in 1586, a Somerset 
connection. It is curious to note the assumption of the name 
Justinian in 1666, a name belonging peculiarly to the Lamport 
(co. North.) family; that too might indicate a tradition of 
common descent, 

In a short History of Ireland, in the ** ^tory of the Nations " 
(Fisher Unwin) by the Hon. Emily Lawless, p. 177, it is stated : — 
•*A number of men of family, chiefly from Devonshire and 
Somersetshire, undertook to migrate in a body to Ireland, taking 
with them their own farm servants, their farm implements, and 
everything necessary for the work of colonization. The leader of 
these men was Sir Peter Carew." Possibly in this way some of 
the Somerset Ishams found their way to Ireland. A list of these 
colonists would be very useful. 

H. Isham Longden, M.A., Shangton Rectory. Leicester. 

241. Being acquainted with the records of the Borough of 
Langport Eastover, I would state that the name of John Isham 
is seen regularly entered from the year 1666 to 1724, and I 
apprehend them to be two John Isham's, father and son. The 
record only goes back to the year 1666, when John Isham signs his 
name as "Town Clerk," and in 1724 the same signs as "Deputy 
Recorder." Throughout the record John Isham signs as Town 
Clerk, Capital Burgess, Portreeve (or Chief Magistrate), and fin- 
ally as Deputy Recorder. The first John Isham by his will gives 
his son John ;^ 100 in 1675. A successor to the Deputy Recorder 
was appointed in 1731 in the room of John Isham, lately deceased. 

J. Prankerd. 

224 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

242, Field Names in Stalbridge, Dorset (III. xxi. 22i)« 
—Several of the Stalbridge Field Names cited by Mr. Seaman 
are found in the collection of ancient Weston family deeds in my 

Bazlbs is a corruption of Baswell's (in Callew Weston); 
probably from a proper name Baswell. The earliest mention I 
have is April 12th, 20th Jas. I. 

RiMPOOLS is a corruption of Rimple's ; probably a proper 
name. The farm was granted by the Earl of Castlehaven to 
James Keit in nth Charles I. 

Tellbrshells Mead is a corruption of Tittershell's Mead, 
again a proper name. 

Great Bushay is a corruption of Great Bushy. 

Ik and Out I find as ' In and Out Land.* Both these are 
in allusion to the nature of the land. 

Rix Bed Mead I find as Rick*s Pitt Mead in a deed of 1792. 

Scarrow Hill I find called Skarry Hills in 35th Eliz., and 
Scallow Hill in a deed of April 2, 9th Jas. I. (being then in the 
possession of Richard Watts). The name Stallahill occurs in a 
deed of June 5, 1666. 

PuxEY is first mentioned as belonging to John Summers, gen., 
of Stalbridge Weston in the reign of James I ; meaning unex- 

GoMERSHAY, if it lies within the old or ' great ' manor of 
Stalbridge as it was called, may possibly be the same as Somers- 
hay, the first mention of which I find in the 56th Henry III ( 1 270). 

In ancient writings it is not very difficult to mistake an S for 
a G and so the confusion may have originally arisen. 

H. A. H. 

243. Dedications of Somerset Churches. (III. xvii. 5, 
xviii. $1, Sh 3nx. 92, xx. 139.) — I am able to add two more 
churches of which the modern dedication differs from the ancient 

Andint Dedn. Modem Dedn. 

Hintonchartcrhouse St. Mary and St. John Bapt. 

St. John Bapt. 
Winsford S.Peter St. Mary Magd. 

Ecton's Thesaurus is the authority in each case for the 
modem dedication, while for the ancient, we refer to ** Feet of 
Fines " Somerset Record Society, vi. 234. This relates to Hinton and 
was Dointcd out to me by my friend Mr. Daniel. 

In icuThomaiiaTorr desired to be buried " tn cemiterio o. 
PetHde Wyn/ordr {Welis Wt7/s, 197). Winsford is ofjen spelt 
thus in old documents. F. W. Weaver. 

•AA Is there not an inaccuracy in the assertion (III. xx. 1 39) 
♦k f^Vift modem dedication is to S. Mary?** Surely all our 
Smrches are dedicated to God, though they may be built in honour 

Somerset &» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 225 

0/ this or that person, or this or that event, or this or that thing, 
e.g., the church of St. Mary, the Resurrection, or the Holy 
Sepulchre. Frank Pbnny, Chaplain, Bangalore. 

245. The Black Dog of Dorset. (III. xix. 116, 

XX. 145.) — The account of the legendary "Black Dog" which 
your correspondent W. sends from the Ltve Stock JoumaL is nearly 
word for word that given by Miss Leathes in her book " Some 
Account of Lyme Regis, 6t.," (published by Shackelford of Lyme 
Regis, 1882). As W. however gives no date for his cutting from 
the Live Stock Journal \\ is impossible to say which is the earlier 
version. Miss Leathes, however, adds the following caution 
which your correspondent has not : ** Dogs should on no account 
be allowed to stray late at night in this neighbourhood, as there 
has (xi'r.) been many cases of their disappearance in a mvsterious 
manner, most likely frightened to death by the spectre I ' 

I have a hazy idea that some such legend has been attributed 
to the neighbourhood of the " Hunter's Lodge ** about a couple 
of miles or so out of Axminster, at the junction of the old turn- 
pike road from Axminster to Charmouth with the cross-road to 
Uplyme and Lyme Regis, but I may be mistaken. 

J. S. Udal, Fiji. 

246. Dorsetshire Dorsers. (IIL xx. 137, xvi. 208-g.)— 
Grose's Provincial Glossary, published in 1 8 1 1 , is an older authority 
for the use of the above epithet than the Denham Tracts, 
the first volume of which has recently been issued by the Folk- 
Lore Society (189 1 ). 

There, under a list of proverbs applicable to counties and 
towns, Mr. Foster will see that the phrase is applied to the people 
of Lyme Regis, a town in Dorsetshire originally of some con- 
siderable fishing and mercantile importance. Grose says : 
** * Dorsers ' were the peds or panniers fixed on the backs" {ttym : 
</<7fx«w— hence our word indorse) ** of horses, in which higglers 
carry fish, poultry, and other provisions and wares." Probably 
these were invented or first generally used in Dorsetshire; as 
the fish-jobbers, according to Fuller, used to carry their fish from 
Lyme to London. J. S. Udal, Fiji. 

247. Referring to the word " Dorser,*^ on the meaning of 
which I sent an extract from Halliwell to 5. &» D, N, & Q,, 
I have just read in the ** Diary of Walter Yonge, wrHttin at 
Colyton and Axminster co. Devon from 160410 1628," edited by 
Geo. Roberts (Author of History ofLyme Regis, &c.,) for the Cam- 
den Society., in 1848, at p. xxiii. of Introduction — "Twenty-five 
fishing boats went to sea from Lyme at this time [circ^ "613]. 
Horses with paniers called • dorsers ' were brought to the beach 
tied one to the other ready to receive the fish ; when the dorsers 
were filled, the driver mounted the foremost horse of the train 
and gallopped off towards London." 

226 Somerset &» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

This abstract may be useful as supplementing and concluding 
the notice of the word ' dorser' so far at least as its use in Dorset- 
shire is concerned. H. W. Hoskins. 

248. In the Churchwardens* Accounts of Si. MichcuVs^ Bath^ 
(Somt. Arch. Soc, xxv. p. 55, at end of volume,) we find under 
date 1459 "Et pro xxj dosseris et dimidio helme emptis pro 
tenemento J. Wythcombe, precium le dosserum iiij d." 

The word dosserum is explained in a foot-note to be a basket 
load which can be carried on the back. " Helma" is apparently 
nef for thatching the tenement : ihaich is given as one meaning 
of haulm in Prompt. Parv., 223, note 4. F.W.W. 

249. Fry's Well, CHiLCOMProN. (III. xxi. 196.) — ^This 
well still exists, and supplies water to the whole village. It is 
situated on the side of the steep road which forms the street, and 
is the source of a large brook. I am told that the bank, where 
the well is, was formerly part of the garden of the farm house 
opposite, inhabited about a hundred years ago by a family of the 
name of Fry. This house is now divided into cottages, but it 
must have been a place of some importance in its day. The 
outbuildings can still be traced in the gardens at the back. Pro- 
bably there are entries of the Fry family in the Chilcompton 

Ethelbert Horne, O.S.B., Downside Monastery, 

Stratton-on-the- Fosse. 

250. Parliamentary Writ for Wellington, Somer- 
set. — Phelps, in his History of Somerset^ Vol. I, p. 62, says that in the 
reign of Edward II. a writ was issued (for the return of a Burgess 
to Parliament) to the borough of Wellington. Can any one give 
A reference to his authority for this statement ? The Calendar of 
Writs published shows only those returned. 

F. T. Elworthy. 

351. Fittahot.— Can any of the readers of 5. 6- D. 
N. ^ Q. tell me what di fittahot is ? There are two entries in the 
Accounts of the parish of Porlock (1745-8) **for killing a 
fittahot 4d." Fitchets also occur, but the amount given for killing 
th^m is less. 

Walter Hook. 

153, Hercy, Hamet and Duncomb, or Dunscombe. — 
1 »haU be much obliged to any reader of S. &» D.N. &» Q. who 
C4^ give me any information respecting these names relating to 
|h^ county of Somerset. The names are variously spelt ; and I 
wiOAt to find a family of Duncombe supposed to be of Taunton 
^ ftwghbourhood in 1763, and said to be related to Sir Benjamin 
\\m<^\, M.P, for Taunton. C.H. 

Somerut &• Dorset Notes S» Queries. 227 

253. Powell of Taunton.— This family was seated at 
Taunton and adjacent Wilton in the 17th century. Its arms are : 
Per /esse argent and or^ a lion rampant gules. I have the pedigree 
of one of its branches (which settled in Pennsylvania in 1685, and 
besides having much to do with the growth and improvement of 
the city of Philadelphia, gave a Speaker to the State Senate) up 
to the year 1586. What I now want is the continuation of its 
lineage (in any branch known, bearing the silver in chief), from 
that year, up to its Welsh patriarch, apparently either Howell ap 
Griffith of Abertanat {viv, in 1500 ?) or one of his near kinsmen, 
like him, of the line male of Einion Efell, Lord of Cynllaeth in 
Denbighland, in the twelfth century. This line, as indicated by 
me, is all made out in the instance of Powell of Park, co. Salop 
(bearing the same coat, except that the gold is in chief 
and the silver in base) ; but I have never seen it given completely 
in any other family of the name. Can it be done ? As a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania Historical and Genealogical Societies, 
and a Philadelphian by birth, I s}iall be very glad to receive any 
communications on the subject. 

P. S. P. Conner, Octorara, near Rowlandsville, Maryland. 

254. WiLLCox Family op Somerset. — Upon the foundation 
of the Province of Pennsylvania, in 1682, Barnabas Willcox, of 
Bedminster, next to Bristol, left that place and settled with his 
family in Philadelphia, where he was returned to the Provincial 
Assembly and appointed a Justice of the County Courts. He died 
in 1690. His son Joseph succeeded him in the Assembly and also 
was made Mayor of Philadelphia in 1705. His wife was Ann 
{m. 1687), daughter of Thomas Powell, merchant, of London. 
Mr. Joseph Willcox was the Alderman of Philadelphia who 
thrashed William Penn, junior, for roistering at night, and, when 
the young man called out that he was the son of the Honorable the 
Proprietary, Willcox beat him the harder— for uttering a base libel ! 

In attempting to trace these Willcoxes (back to their apparent 
progenitors, the family of the same name in Leicestershire), I am 
stopped by the destruction of the early parish registers of Bed- 
minster by fire. If any one can bridge this gap, or tell me how I 
may possibly do so, I shall be greatly obliged to him. The seal 
used by the mayor is a bird on a mount — the crest of the Somerset 
Willcoxes, the arms hting {I think) Erm,^ a chief chequy or and 

P. S. P. Conner, Octorara, near Rowlandsville, Maryland. 

P.S. — In what other parts of Somerset, besides Bedminhter, 
were families of Willcox resident, during the 17th century ? 

255. Dorset Christmas Carols (III. xviii. 67, xix. ii8, 
XX. 141, xxi. 204.)— The following Carol is another favourite of 
the old Singers of Long Burton. 

228 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 




Harmoniitd by E. Howortk. 

f\hu\ \ n ^i-v,=^ ^ 

"i — ^ i i 1 r 

Harky hark what news the An 

gels bring, GUd 



^ 1 ^ ^ 4 4 4 A. 

rj i 




tidings of,glad tidings of the new • - born King ; Bom 

m^^u\\ \ \h^hi . v h 


of a maid, a 

J J .! 

r r 1 1 '< 

vir-gin pure, Bom with-oat sin, Bom 

J J , J. I ,.J-4-J-i 

-g : ^ -r p r I 

f-ii r 111 


1 — r 

with- oat sin, from guilt, from guilt . 

I 1 

Sonurset S» Dorsit Notes 6» Queries, 229 


Hail, Mighty Prince, Eternal King, 
Let Heaven and Earth rejoice and sing, 
Angels and Men, with one accord, 
Break forth in songs, O Praise the Lord. 


Come, tone your voices, loud to raise, 
For His great love sound forth His praise, 
With songs of praise His Name adore 
And hynms of joy for evermore. 

256. Benjamin Bradford, of Charmouth, Dorset, whose 
will was proved P.C.C. 1792, desires to be buried at Wootton Fitz- 
pain, and directs his executors to erect a tomb to commemorate 
himself, wife and children. Could any reader of the S* S» D. 
N. 6- Q. favour me with a copy of the inscription and arms, if any, 
should there be a monument in the Church? I am tolerably 
certain that the testator was connected with the Brad fords of 
Batcombe and East Cranmore, some of whose wills I have from 
P.C.C., and should be very grateful for any local notes. 

Please reply direct to 

J. G. Bradford, 157, Dalston Lane, N.E. 

257. Lady OXooney's Burial Place. (IIL xxi. 194.) — 
In Palmer's '^Epilaphs and Epigrams'' this lady's epitaph is given, 
and is stated to be in Pewsey Church, (Wiltshire). 

Edw. Filliter. 

[A similar reply has been sent by Mr. V. L. Oliver. The 
Rector of Pewsey informs me that this inscription, though often 
enquired for, does not exist in his church. 

Editor for Dorset.] 

258. Roman Remains from the leadworkings at 
Charterhouse, on Mendip. — I should be grateful if any readers 
of S. S* D. N. S* Q. could give me any information about the 
Roman remains found in the leadworkings, on Mendip, at Charter- 
house, near Blagdon and Cheddar. I have seen various smaller 
objects in the Taunton museum, and have received much help 
and information from various kind friends and antiquaries in 
Somersetshire, but it is possible that much has escaped my notice. 
In particular, I am desirous to discover the fate of two inscribed 
stones found in 1875, and published by the late Mr. Scarth in the 
Proceedings of the Bath Field Club (iii, 336.) The one is 18 X 10 

232 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

for the transcription of the then existing Parish Registers into 
books of parchment, which Canon was drawn up by Convocation, 
2sth Oct., 1597 ? The act must have been passed between 17th 
Nov., 1597, when the 40th year of Queen Elizabeth commenced, 
and 5th July, of the following year, when the transcript of the 
Registers of H. Trinity, Dorchester, was made. 

The heading of this transcript runs as follows : — 
** A true Coppy of the register as it was found in the Churchc 
of the Holy Trinity in Dorchester and comanded to be ingrossed 
in parchmant by a canon made and confirmed in the last year of 
Parliament holden in the fortieth yeare of the reigne of Queen 
Elizabeth, &c. 

Anno Domini 1598 5° die Julij." 
The register is in three divisions, and I give the titles and 
the first entry as a specimen of each. 

MATRIMONIUM. The names of such as have been married 
within the p'she of the Holy Trinity in Dor- 
chester f. . . . theyearof our Lord God 1560. 
1560 Jhon Facy and Alice were married 

January. the 31st of January supra.... 
February. Peter Allen and Edith were married 

the 26th of February. 
BAPTISMUS. The names of such as have been baptized in the 
Churche of the Holy Trinity in Dorchester. 
November. Jhon the sonne of Nicholas Baker was baptized 
the 30th day of November 1559. 
SEPULTURA. The names of such as have bene buried within 
the p'she of the Holy Trinity in Dorchester 
sithence the yeare of our Lord God 1559-1560. 
1559 Joane the daughter of Jhon Dennis was buried 

January. the 30th day of January 1559. 
The register is clearly written in the running hand of Queen 
Elizabeth's reign. 

The baptisms and burials are carried on to 1653, ^^^ marriages 
to 1 65 1, but the latter were very irregularly kept about the time 
of the Commonwealth. There are two entries only, in 1647; in 
1648 none, "nihill inventure" being written after that date; in 1649 
one; in 1650 "nihill inventure;" in 1651 one entry only, and with 
this year the marriage register closes. On the last page of the 
book there is a note, but as the parchment is decayed and imperfect, 
some portions of the 'entry are wanting. It runs as follows : 

At night there was a great thundering 

. . . .lightening such as hath not been. . . . 
. . . .any living in this age and there fell 

... .a great storm of hail the 

.... were some of them sev 

... .all night and part of 

W. Miles Barnes. 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries, 233 

[Is it not the case that the transmission of annual copies of 
Parish Registers to the Diocesan Registry was enjoined by 
Ecclesiastical authority only, until the Statute 52 Geo. Ill, cap. 

Editor for Dorset.] 

264. Arms of Rogers, Roche, Arundsll. — It may be 
interesting to put on record the following four armorial shields, 
particularly as the notice of them may elicit some further 

Numbers I and II were shown to me by the late Rev. James 
A. Bennett, who brought them from Sparkford Manor House. 
They are carved in wood, with mantling and helmets under each 
crest, and were originally painted in their proper colours, but 
only enough remains to indicate the fact. 

First Shield. Four grand quarters. I and IV, quarterly ; 

1 and 4, On a Chief, a fleur-de-lis. Rogers. In the Heralds* 
Visitation of Dorset, 1623, the arms at the head of the pedigree 
of Rogers of Bryanston are given 2>& Ar^, a mullet sa., on a chief 
or a fleur-de-lis gu. This is copied into Burke's Armory, who also 
gives for Rogers of Dorset, Quarterly arg, and erm., on a chief or a 
fleur-de-lis gu. Both are very bad heraldry ; and the coat used by 
Rogers of Dowdeswell, co. Gloucester, who were descended from 
Rogers of Bryanston, is Arg, a mullet sa, on a chief gu, a fleur-de- 
lis or. 2 and 3 Fretty a fAi>/*. The Visitation of Dorset, 1623, says 

2 and 3, Arg, fretty sa, a chief gu,. This is the coat of Cockborne, 
but the pedigree there given does not mention any match with an 
heiress, but the Visitation of Gloucester gives a longer pedigree, 
commencing with John Fitz-Roger of Bryanstone, father of John 
Fitz-Roger, knight, married Ann daughter and coheiress of . . . . 
Echingham, knight, and widow of Lord Audley. Pap worth does 
not give this coat for Etchingham but Az, fretty arg. It is a 
question if the chief has not been added erroneously. II Grand 
quarter, A bend between six cross-crosslets, {Gu,a bend betw, sixcross- 
ctosslets or, Ferneaux.) Ill Grand quarter, Fretty, (? Or Fretty 
az, Willoughby.) Crest. A fleur-de-lis, {or) Rogers of Bryanstone. 

Second Shield. Same as I in the first shield, impaling 
Erm. two bars {sa\ on each three mullets {or) Hopton. Crests, First, 
A fleur-de-lis. Second, A griffin pass, Hopton. The 1623 
Visitation of Dorset shows that Sir John Rogers of Bryanstone 
married, secondly, Margaret daughter of Sir Arthur Hopton of 
Witham, by whom he had a son Richard, living in 1623. Now, as 
Sir John's first wife was living in 1604, the date of her father-in- 
law's will in which she is mentioned, the date of the shields is 
probably between those two dates, 1604 and 1623. 

The other two shields have recently been unearthed from a 
forgotten hiding-place by that active antiquary, Mr. Bulleid of 


234 Sofnerset &» Dorset Notes S» Queries* 

Glastonbury, who brought them to my notice. They are 
painted on two turtles' shells, their date being about the middle 
of the seventeenth century, that first described being about 
twenty or thirty years older than the other, and each has a 
helmet and elaborate mantling. 

Third Shield three fishes haurient arg,, Roche, impaling 

Lozengy arg. and veri,^ on a bend:, , . Jwo Ibex heads erased of the 
first, homed or. Young of Wiltshire bore this last coat, the bend 
being azure, and as the field of dexter has the same appearance as 
the bend in the sinister coat, we may conclude that both were 
originally azure. In the parish register of St. John's, Glastonbury, 
we find the baptism on 9 April, 161 2, of Mary daughter of Josias 
Roach, gent, and on the 15 Nov., 16 14, Radulph son of Joshua 
Roche, gent., was baptised, but the wills in the Probate Registry 
of Wells give no information. 

Fourth Shield. The later of these two shields bears 
Quarterly, i and 4, 5fl., six swallows arg. Arundell. 2 and 3, Arg, 
a bend engr. gu. a chief sa, (There ought to be three mullets gold 
on the chief.) Impaling Sa, three roaches haurient arg. Roche. 
Crest. A wolf pass. arg. Nicholas Arundell, of Trerice, Inq. p.m. 
3 Edw. IV, No. 26, married Joanna, daughter and heiress of 
Edward St. John of Somersetshire, from which marriage therefore 
must have descended the Arundell, commemorated by the above 
shield as having married one of the Roche family. Possibly some 
reader may be able to throw further light on this point. 

A. J.J. 

265. Some Dorset Deeds. — Communicated by E. A. Fry, 
172, Edmund St., Birmingham. 

This Indenture made 22 March, 1655, Between Thomas 
Ridout gent, son and heir of Thomas Ridout(i) late of Buckland 
Abbas, otherwise Newton, co. Dorset, Clerk, deceased, John Frj' 
(2) of Bursys, co. Dorset, Esq. and George Frampton of Auckland 
Abbas, gent, of the one part, and John llyne of Mamhull, co. 
Dorset, linen- weaver, of the other part. 

Witnesseth that the said Thomas Ridout, John Fry and George 
Frampton in consideration of £28 paid to them by said John 
Hyne, of which they hereby acknowledge receipt, do grant, sell, 
&c., to said John Hyne and his heirs all that messuage, tenement, 
&c., with garden acijoining called Greenhay, in Mamhull, also ^ 
ac. of pasture land adjoining lately enclosed, also i ac. of arable 
land called Fallow-mead, in the North field of Mamhull, also i 
ac. of arable land called Crab tree acre, in the Middle field of 

(i) Thomas Ridout, vicar of Buckland Abbas, married Ami Fry, at Mam- 
hull, 22 August 1630 (see Mamhull Register) ihe was probably sister of the John 
Fry mentioned in this deed. 

(2) John Fry was one of the Regicides. A memoir of him will be found in 
S. iS^ D. N. S- Q. Vol. I. 53, 73. 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes &» Queries. 235 

Mamhull, all now in occupation of said John Hyne, with all the 
•buildings, &c.» thereunto pertaining. 

To have and to hold the said messuage for ever, the same to 
be held of the chief Lord of the fee by rents and services 

And the said Thomas Ridout John Fry and Geo. Frampton 
do grant to the said John Hyne the said premises in lawful free 
and indefeasible estate of inheritance in fee simple without let or 
hindrance from any person claiming from Thomas Ridout, 
deceased, grandfather of said Thomas Ridout, or from Thomas 
Ridout, deceased, father of said Thomas Ridout or from John 
Ridout uncle of said Thomas Ridout party to these presents and 
free from any leases, mortgages, &c., except an Indenture dated 20 
March, 5 Charles I ri63o]made by Thomas Ridout, Thomas Ridout 
and John Ridout (the grandfather father and uncle of said Thomas 
Ridout) to said John Hyne for the lives of Robert, John and 
Elizabeth Hyne the children of said John Hyne at yearly rent of 
4 shillings ; and except another Indenture dated 20 October, 1 1 
Charles I (1635) made of the said premises and other lands by 
said Thomas Ridout the father unto said John Fry by the name 
of John Fry of Ewerne Minster co. Dorset, gent., George Frampton 
of Buckland, gent., and John Childes of Buckland gent, for 1000 

And said Thomas Ridout, John Fry and Geo Franklin, agree 
any time during the next 7 years at request of John Hyne to 
acknowledge by levy of fine or by recovery with double or single 
voucher for the better conveyance of the messuage to said John 
Hyne, so long as they be not compelled to travel further than the 
town of Shafton (Shaftesbury) in Dorset to effect such conveyance. 

And they appoint their friends William Young, carpenter, and 
John Smith, yeoman, their attorneys. 

Signatures of Thomas Ridout, John Fry and George Frampton 
and seals (not heraldic). [688 in Mr. E. A. Fry's Collection.] 
{To be coniinued,) 

266. WoRLE Notes — 

I. Absence of soul from body. — I find an interesting 
belief prevailing here, especially I think among the old, that 
during sleep the soul is often absent from the body, and (strange 
in a remote Somersetshire village to be reminded of the Myth of 
Psyche !) that in such cases it frequently assumes the form of a 

I had a long account from an aged man, which his wife 
entirely confirmed, of two labouring men who after their al fresco 
dinner sat down beside a pond. One dropped oflf to sleep, and 
the other noticed a butterfly flitting over the surface of the water, 
and at times touching it. Whenever the butterfly touched the 
water, the sleeping man was observed to start. On waking he 

336 Somerset &» Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 

said that he had had a fearful dream — that someone had been 
trying to drown him, and that he was most thankful to awake. 
That the man's soul was in the butterfly my informants had no 
doubt. They were also firmly of opinion that the extreme 
difficulty sometimes experienced in waking was to be ascribed to 
the fact that the soul was absent, and that it was impossible to rouse 
the sleeper until such time as she had winged her flight homeward 
to "her mansion in this fleshly nook," at any rate that the attempt 
to do so might be fraught with grave danger to the sleeper. 

Ifi n d in Notes and Queries (I. 3, 206) a story from Lincoln* 
shire — entirely independent, but evidently embodjring the same 
belief. In this case the soul assumed the shape of a bee which 
the waking man endeavoured to imprison in a little hole, causing 
fearful dreams to his companion. On being released the bee 
crept into the ear of the sleeper, who immediately awoke, and in 
reply to a question as to what he had been dreaming of, said» 
*'0h ! I dreamed that you shut me up in a dark cave, and I could 
not awake till you let me out." 

II. Monmouth's iNSURREcrioN. — Traditions of its terrors 
still linger. An old man, bom in 1792, told me that he 
remembered hearing from his grandmotner, who had heard it 
from her mother, — an eye-witness of the events, — of the pursuits 
and executions which followed upon it. 

At the Farm, now called Nut-tree Farm, two men applied for 
shelter to the farmer's wife, who hurried them into the room 
where her two children were sleeping. Very shortly soldiers 
appeared in search of the fugitives, and free leave was given them 
to look everywhere. "See here, only," she said, **my children 
are sleeping here, don't wake them if you can help." The 
pursuers looked in quietly, and said, "There's no one here," 
and went away. 

Not so fortunate were another pair of fugitives. They 
asked shelter of a man named King Starr, who kept the public- 
house, then (as now) called the King's Head. He directed them 
to a wheat-mow on the Lynch, out of which sheaves had been 
pulled for grinding, and their places filled up with "helm," (an old 
plan, not now practiced, but, according to my informant, common 
in years gone by) — and advised them to creep into the holes, 
which he then stopped up. 

When however the pursuers arrived, the wretch disclosed 
their hiding place. The soldiers dragged them out, hurried them 
down the "Scores" to an "elmen-tree" which stood near the 
present New Inn, and hanged them there. 

Curiously enough, as an indirect confirmation of the tradition, 
I find the name of King Starr in the Register Book for the year 
1753. ** Joseph Starr known by the name of King Starr buried 
the same day," (i.e. February i8th). Possibly he may have been 
a son of the betrayer of these unhappy men : unless a very old man 

Sonufset <S« Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 237 

at this time of his death, he could hardly have been the traitor 

In the adjoining parish of Locking, tradition still tells of the 
fate of John rlumley, then Lord of the Manor, who joined the 
insurgents, and after the disaster of Sedgmoor returned home, and 
took refuge in a little coppice, which still bears the name of 
Plumle/s coppice. Here he was discovered through his little 
dog, which by running to and from the coppice, directed attention 
to his hiding place. 

III. The Crooked Stick. — It is thus that I hear the scythe 
spoken of among the elder sort. Such familiar names imply, I 
think, affection for the thing spoken of— as for the companion of 
their toil. " 'Tis many a year sin' vust I took the crooked stick. 
I shall never tek it no moor — my work's done, I count," said an 
old man, who was my delight in by-gone years — and whose memory 
I may yet enshrine in these pages of S. S» D. N. S» Q. 

I do not know that the phrase is in any way local — but I have 
never heard it elsewhere. It belongs, of course, especially, to a 
grass country. 

In olden time, by the crooked stick was meant the bow. cp. 
Fuller's Worthies. Vol. I. p. 81. 

"England were but a fling. 
Save for the crooked stick, and the grey goose wing." 
On which Fuller quaintly observes that " England is now as good 
with a straight'tron as ever it was with a crookid-sticV* 

W. F. RosB. 

267. ExMOOR Forest. — ^We hear that an important con- 
tribution to Local history is in preparation in the form of a work on 
the Forest of Exmoor by Mr. E. J. Rawle. This has been an 
unexplored field hitherto, but is full of interest alike to the an- 
tiquary, the historian and the sportsman. Mr. Rawle, whose name 
is as redolent of the West Country as the heather of the moor, has 
for a long period been engaged in the research necessary for the 
undertaking. Not only has his intimate local knowledge and 
connection been brought to bear upon the task, but he has had 
access to the Public Records and valuable State Papers bearing on 
the history and customs of the Forest. It is intended to limit the 
issue, and subscribers' names are already being received by the 
publishers, Messrs. Bamicott & Pearce, of Taunton. 

268. Fromb Charity Deeds (II. xii. 129, zv. 216, III. 
xviii. 74.) xi. Indenture — Wanstrow, a.d. 1386. Omnibus 
Xpi fidelibus ad quos psens scriptum pervenerit Johannes 
Beauchaump de Lyllesdon miles et Kobertus Brekwayn salutem 
in dno Noveritis nos tradidisse concessisse et hoc presenti scpto 
nostro confirmasse Johi Leche et Edithe uxori ejus et Willelmo 

238 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

filio ejusdem Johis et Edithe totum illud tenementum cum trig 
pratis et cum omnibus suis ptin quod Robertus Halpeny inhabitat 
et quod scitum est inter tenementum Willelmi Hobbes ex parte 
una et tenementum predci Johannis Leche ex altera in villa de 
Wondestre Concessimus eciam eisdem Johanni Leche Edithe et 
Willelmo Fuyrbote et Heybote de subbosco in jmwode competentia 
capienda cum necesse sibi fuerit et pasturam annuatim ad quatuor 
animal ia in separali campo ut alij tenentes de eadm tenura ^^**ti 
de antiquo uti consueverunt [necnon pasturam in eodem annuatim 
ad vij bidentes, erased"] Habendum et tenendum totum pdcum 
tenementum terram pratum subboscum pasturam animalium [et 
bidentium, erased] ut prenominatur prefatis Johanni Leche Editne 
et Willelmo ad terminum vite eorum vel unius eorum diucius 
viventis libere integre bene et in pace Reddendo inde annuatim 
sex solidos sterlingorum ad quatuor anni terminos pncipales equis 
porcionibus et falcabunt et levabunt cum aliis tenentibus pro 
porcione tenementi predicti tres acras prati annuatim vocati 
Bedmed in Nojrthhull et sectas curiae dabunt bis per annum 
racionabili citacione pro omnibus serviciis exactionibus et 
demandis Et nos vero predicti Johannes Beauchaump miles et 
Robertus Brekwayn et heredes nostri totum predictum tene- 
mentum terram et pratum cum suis ptin necnon subboscum et 
pasturam ut prenominatur prefatis Johi Leche Edithe et Willelmo 
ad terminum vite eorum vel unius eorum diucius viventis 
contra omnes gentes warantizabimus et defendemus In cujus rei 
testimonium sigilla nostra huic indenture altematim apposuimus. 
Hiis testibus Edmundo Flory Johanne Flory Thoma Bathe 
Edwardo Botyler Willelmo Polman Rogero Alwold et aliis 
Datum apud Wondestre die Martis proximo post festum 
Nativitatis sancti Johannis Baptiste anno regni Regis Ricardi 
Secundi post conquestum decimo. 

xii. Grant — Buckland, a.d. 1396. Omnibus Xpi fidelibus 
ad quos psens scriptum pervenerit Walterus Whatelegh de Boke- 
londe Dynham salutem in dno Noveritis me tradidisse concessisse 
et hoc presenti scripto meo confirmasse Johanni Doune et Johanni 
filio suo totum illud cotagium cum curtilagio adjacente in Boke- 
londe Dvnham cum pertinenciis suis dicto cotagio spectantibus 
quod Johannes Willam nuper tenuit in eadem villa habendum et 
tenendum totum predictum cotagium cum curtilagio cum pertin ut 
supradictum est prefatis Johanni et Johanni dum vixerint vel alteri 
eorum qui supervixerit de me heredibus meis vel meis assignatis 
libere quiete integre bene et in pace Reddendo inde annuatim 
mihi heredibus meis vel meis assignatis duos solidos argenti ad 
quatuor anni terminos principales equis porcionibus pro omnibus 
servic et secularibus demandis salvo qd idem Johannes metet 
bladum dci Walteri in autumpno per unum diem cum uno homine 
ad cust dicti Walteri Et salvo quod ijdem Johns et Johns manu- 
tenebunt sustentabunt et reparabunt dictum cotagium in adeo bono 

Somifut S* Dorut Notes S» Queries. 239 

statu vel meliori quo ollim receperunt £t quod ijdem Johannes et 

Johannes non prosternent nullam arborem ibidem crescentem ad 
ousbote et hey bote nisi per deliberacionem dicto Waltero vel 
assignatis suis £t quod idem Walterus habebit totum meremium 
ibidem crescens sine dampno dcor Johannis et Johannis £t si 
contingat qd predictas redditus in parte vel in toto de retro fuerit 
post aliquem terminum predictum per quatuor dies vel quod si 
pdci Johns et Johns non manutenebunt nee sustentabunt predictam 
domum bene et competenter tunc bene licebit predicto Waltero 
vel assignatis suis in dcum cotagium cum curtilagio intrare et 
retinere quousque predictus redditus cum dampno fuerit plenarie 
satisfactus. In cujus rei testimonium huic presenti scpto sigilla 
nostra altematim apposuimus hiis testibus Johanne de Pedirton 
*Thoma de sancto Vigore Johanne Bagterygge Johne Boyel 
Henrico.Paynet aliis|Datum apud Bokelonde Dynham die lune prox 
ante festuro, Annunciacionis beate Marie virginis anno regni 
Regis Ricardi secundi post conquestum decimo Nono. 

Written on the back : — 

Et quod idem Walterus quotannis (?) emet eisdem Johi et 
Johanni meremium sufficiens pro dco cotagio reparando de 
meremio crescente sup>er dictum cotagium £t si plantavit aliquam 
arborem in dicto curtilagio non alienabit nee prostern dictam 
arborem sine licito £t idem Walterus concessit eidm Johanni 
Doune et Johanni filio suo duas acras terae arrabilis in duobus 
campis quarum in campo ***♦ una acra apud Waytingstone inter 
terr Thome Mountfort et terram Walteri Whatelegh et una acra 
jacet in campo boriali apud Hatshull (?) inter terram Thome 
Mountfort et terr Philippi Hobbes ♦♦♦♦♦♦ cum dictis 
duabus acris terre adjacentis Reddendo inde per annum ad quatuor 
anni terminos quatuor denarios. 


269. The Illustrated ARCH-ffiOLOGisT, edited by J. 
Romilly Allen. F.S.A. Scot. London : C. J. Clark, 4, Lincoln's 
Inn Fields, W.C. Vol. I., Part I. June, 1893. Price as. 6d. 

We have received from Mr. Clark, the publisher, on the eve 
of going to Press, the first Number of the Illustrated Archaologist. 
This is an attractive Quarterly, begun in June, 1893, under the 
able editorship of Mr. Romilly Allen, and contains, inter aiia^ 
articles of interest on " A very ancient Industry " (gun-flints and 
tinder-box flints). **The Cup of Ballafletcher," *«Half-an-hour in 
the Grosvenor Museum, Chester,'* ''Sculptured Norman Capitals at 
Southwell Minster," "Portable anvils found at Silchester," and 
"Saxon Doorway at Somerford Keynes." The illustrations are 

« St. Vigor is the dedication of Stratton on Fosse Church* 

240 Sonurset &» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

numerous and satisfactory, and the paper and printing all that can 
be desired. We hope this new Quarterly will receive the support 
it deserves. 


270. Books in Manuscript, by Falconer Madan, M.A. 
London: Kegan Paul and Co., 1893. 8vo. pp. xv + 188, with 
eight illustrations, 6/-. 

The opening words of the Preface to this work tell us that 
" it is intended to be a plain account of the study and use of 
manuscripts, such as will interest both the amateur who may 

possess manuscript treasures, and the student who may 

wish to have a clear view of the character and methods of the study, 
before entering on the details of palaeography and textual criticism." 

The author who is ** Lecturer in Mediaeval Palaeography in 
the University of Oxford," has produced a most interesting and 
indeed fascinating little book, but it is written on entirely different 
lines to such a book, for instance, as Wright's Courthand Restored^ 
and in fact, hardly touches the vexed and vexing question of con- 
tractions, except to refer to them once (p. 63) under the heading 
Errors of intellect^ taking as examples mr. which stands in Latin 
for both mater and martyr^ and mia^ which represents miseria and 

The book consists of eleven chapters, three appendices, an 
Index, and Notes on the Illustrations. 

The following are the Headings of the chapters : — 

1. Introductory. 

2. Materials for Writing, and Forms of Books. 

3. The History of Writing. 

4. Scribes and their Ways. 

5. Illuminations. 

6. The Blunders of Scribes and their Corrections. 

7. Famous Libraries. 

8. Famous Manuscripts. 

9. Literary Forgeries. 

10. Treatment and Cataloguing of Manuscripts. 

11. Public and Pjivate Records. 

Appendix A. Public Libraries which contain more than4oooMSS. 

Appendix B. List of printed Catalogues of MSS. in European 

languages in the British Museum, the Bodleian 

Library at Oxford, the Cambridge University 

Library, &c. 

Appendix C. Some books useful for the study of MSS. 

The majority of the Illustrations, which are exquisitely done, 
have been taken, we are told, from Oxford MSS, in order to secure 
the exceptional advantages afforded by the photographic depart- 
ment now attached to the Clarendon Press. 




Somerset <S* Dorset Notes &» Queries. 241 

271. Strebt-Lore of Bath, by R. E. M. Peach. 
London : Simpkin, Marshall & Co., Ltd., 1893, PP* i54> ^/^ "^^^* 

This is another of those books on Bath History which have 
made Mr. Peach famous as the historian of that ancient and 
interesting city. 

The present work consists of an Introduction, and then the 
names of the principal buildings and streets of Bath are given, 
arranged in Alphabetical order (for convenience of reference) with 
valuable remarks and dates. 

Most of the information relates to the present century and 
the preceding one, but every now and then we get references 
to earlier times, as for instance, under the word ** Pillory," we are 
told that the City Pillory stood near the Conduit of SS. Peter and 
Paul, and that it was erected ctrta 141 2, and the author adds the 
names of the jury who determined the site which it shopld occupy. 

In the Appendix Mr. Peach gives a list of " Local Delicacies, 
Tit-bits, and Savory Morsels" where may be learnt the real 
derivation of the *' Bath Oliver," and the ingredients of the 
•• Sally Lunn." 

We congratulate Mr. Peach on this fresh result of his 
researches and hope to have many more books of the same kind 
from his pen. 



272. Foundation Deed of Bruton School. — 

This Indenture quartipartite made the xxixth day of Septexnbre, in the xjth 
yere of the reign of our Soveraign lord King Henry the viijth bitwene the Reverend 
ffiuler in Grod Richard Bisshop of London John ffitz James and John Edmundes 
derke Doctour of Divynyte oon the oon partie, Richard Abbott of the Monastery 
of our blissed lady of Glaston in the Countie of Somerset and the Covent of the 
same on the ijde partie, Richard Pers Prioure of the house of Charterhouse 
Witham in the saia Countie and the Covent of the same on the iijde partie, and 
William Gilberd Bisshop of Maiorensis and Abbott of the Monastery of our 
blissed lady of Brewton in the said Countie and Covent of the same place on the 
iiijtb partie. Witnesseth that it is covenanted graunted condescended and agreed 
bitwene the said parties in maner and fourme folow3mg that is to say that the said 
Bisshop of London, John ffitz James and Doctor Edmundes at theire propre costes 
and charges shall amortise and geve or cause to be amortised and given forever to 
the said Abbott of Brewton and to his successours the manour of Blynffeld by 
Shafton in the Countie of Dorset with thappurtenaunces to have to the same 
Abbott and to his successours after the decesse of Johan late wyf to John Crukem 
gent And also all such landes and tenements as the said John mtz James late pur- 
chased in Warmester in the Countie of Wiltes and also a tenement in Brewton 
forsaid in which oon John Edmundes ffather unto the said Doctour Edmundes late 
dwelled. To have also to the said Abbott of Brewton and to his successours 
discharged of all annuyties Recognisaunces Statutes merchaunt and of the staple 
graunt^ or made by the said John ffitz James or anyother seased to his use and it is 
covenanted graunted and agreed bitwene the said parties that the same Abbott of 
Brewton ne his successours shall take no profits of the same manour landes and 

242 Somerset <S» Dorset Notes &* Queries, 

tenements nor of any part of theym duryng the lyf of the said Johan. ffbr which 
manoarlandes and tenements with their appurtenances the said Abbott of Brewton 
covenanteth and graunteth for hym and nis successours by thise presents to the 
said Bisshop, Jo£i ffitz James and Doctoar Edmondes, Abbott of Glaston and 
Prioore of Chlarterhoaae that the same Abbott of Brewton and his successonis 
ymmediatly after the decesse of the said Johan shall pav yerelv forever to the 
Scolemaster of Brewton for the tyme beyng ten pounds of lawfuU money at the 
ffeestes of Seynt Mighell tharchaungell, the Nativite of o Lord God, Annunciadon 
of our blissed lady and Natirite of Seynt John Baptist by evyn porcions The first 
payment to beg>'n at the first of any of the ffeestes forsaid next after the decesse 
of the said Johan. And that the same Abbott ne his successours during the lives 
oi the said Bisshop, John ffitz James and Doctour Edmundes or any of theym shall 
putte oute, ne putte in, and aidmytte, ne chaunge, any Scolemaister to the said 
Rowme but the said Bishop John ffitz James and Dr. Edmundes during theire lyves 
and the lenger lyver of theym shall have the hole ordryng of the said Scolemaster 
and S(X>ole. But oonly tliat the said Abbott of Brewton after the decesse of the 
said Johan shall content and pay the salary of the said Scolemaister in maner and 
fourme before reherced. And when and as often as the said rowme of Scole* 
master shall happen to be voide by any meane after the decesse of the said Bisshop 
John ffitz James and Doctour Edmundes the said Abbott of Brewton for hym and 
his successours covenaunteth and graunteth by thise presents that the same Abbott 
and his successours then and so often within viij weKes next after the said rowme 
of Scolemaster shall happen to be voide shall preferre to the same rowme oon 
other able and sufficient person to teche Gramer in the said rowme, prest or seculer, 
and the said Scolemaster within the said viij wekes to putte in actuall possession 
of techyng there in maner as herafter shall be reherced. And if the said Abbott of 
Brewton or his successours preferre not oon newe sufficient and able Scolemaster 
prest or seculer to the said rowme within viij wekes next after the said rowme by 
any meane shall happen to be voide and hym putte in actuall possession and use 
of techyng there as nerafter shall be expressed, that then the said Abbott and his 
successours shall forfette xls of lawfull money and so the said Abbott of Brewton 
and his successours to forfette xls for every viij wekes as long as the said rowme 
in defaulte of the sxud Abbott of Brewton or any of his successours shall be voide 
of a sufficient Scolemaster, and if the said Abbott of Brewton or his successours 
preferre not oon able scolemaster to the said rowme within viij wekes next after the 
same rowme by any meane shall be voide then the heires of the said John ffitz James 
shall preferre oon able and sufficient Scolemaster to the same rowme so beyng 
voide ¥rithin oon moneth next after the same viij wekes to the said Abbott ana 
his successours lymyted. And if it happen after the decesse of the said John 
ffitz James when any of his heirs shuld present and preferre a Scolemaster to the said 
rowme the same heire or heirs be within age of xxj yeres or disabled in the lawe to 
doo any such acte or if the heire of the said John ffitz James doo not preferre oon 
able Scolemaster to the said rowme within the moneth to theym lymyted then 
the said Abbott of Glaston for the tyme beyng and his successours for that tyme 
shall preferre oon able Scolemaster to the said rowme within oon moneth next 
after the moneth to the heirs of the said John ffitz James lymyted. And if the said 
Abbott of Glaston or his successours preferre not oon able Scolemaster to the 
said rowme within the moneth to hym and his successours lymyted then the said 
Prioure of Charterhouse Witham for the tyme beyng and his successours shall 
preferre oon able Scolemaster to the said rowme, within oon moneth next aftor 
the moneth to the said Abbott of Glaston and his successours lymyted. And if 
the said Prior of Charterhouse Witham or his successours preferre nott oon able 
Scolemaster to the said rowme vrithin the moneth to hym and his successours 
lymyted Then the said Abbott of Brewton for the tyme bevng or his successours 
uiall preferre oon able Scolemaster to the said rowme within yj wekes next after 
the moneth to the said Prioure of Charterhouse Witham and his successours 
l3rmyted. and if the same Abbott of Brewton or his successours preferre not oon 
able Scolemaster to the said rowme within the yj wekes so to hym and his 
successours l3rmyted then the same Abbott of Brewton and his successours shall 

Somerset &» Dorset Notes <S» Queries. 243 

forfette Ixvjs. viijd. of lawful money and so to forfette for every vj wekes after, as 
long as the said rowme shall be Toide in defaolte of the said Abbott of 
Brewton and his successoors Ixyjs. viijd. of lawful money. 

And the said Abbott of Brewton as well in consideracion of the gode intent of 
the said Bisshop, John ffitz James and Dr. Edmundes as for the said tenement in 
which the said John Edmundes late dwelled and for other benefites of the said 
Bisshop and Dr. Edmundes to the said Abbott doon towards the ffundadon of 
the said ffree Scoole for hym and his successours covenaunteth and graunteth to 
the said Bisshop, Abbott of Glaston, Prioure of Charterhouse and to their 
successours, John ffitz James and Doctour Edmundes and to every of the3rm that 
the said Abbott of Brewton or his successours within twoo yeres next after the 
date of these presents at his or their propre costes and charges shall well and 
sufficiently newe buylde a scoolehouse for the said scoole to be kept in and a 
house for the said scolemaster and his successours to dwell in with other houses 
necessary for the same in upon and aboute the soyle of a tenement in Brewton 
forsaid somtyme called William Carpenters house and in which tenement oon 
Davy Howell nowe dwelleth accordyng to a bill indented in paper made bitwene 
the said Abbott of Brewton of that oon partie and the said Doctour Edmundes 
of that other partie beryng date the day of Septembre in the xth yere of the 
reign of o soveraign lord. Wherof the oon part remaineth wt. the said Dr. 
Edmundes signed with the hand of the said Abbott of Brewton to and wt. which 
house the said Abbott covenaunteth and graunteth to delyver and apoynt oon 
hole acre of grounde over and beside the gardeigne nowe belonging and 
apperteigning to the said tenement. 

And over that the said Abbott of Brewton for him and his successours 
covenanteth and graunteth by thise presents to the said Bisshop, Abbott of Glaston, 
Prioure of Charterhouse and to their Successors John mtz James and Dr. 
Edmundes and to every of theym that the said Abbott of Brewton and his 
successours shall peasibly sufTre the sd. scolemaster and his successours for the 
tyme beying forever to awell and abide in and upon the said tenement and to 
occupie as well the same tenement and scolehouse and the grounde lymvted to the 
same wt. such houses as there shall be buylded without interupdon or lette of the 
sd. abbott or his successours. 

And over that the said Abbott of Brewton for hym and his successours 
covenaunteth and graunteth by these presents to the said Bisshop of London, Abbott 
of Glaston, Prioure of Charterhouse and to their successours John ffitz James and 
Dr. Edmundes and to every of them that if the same Abbott of Brewton or his 
successours within twoo yeres next ensuying the date of these presents doo not 
suffidently make and newe buyld or cause to be made and newe buylded a 
scolehouse dwellyng place and other houses thereto adioyning according to the 
said bill indented in paper before expressed that then the said Abbott of Brewton 
and his successors for tne time beyng shall forfette ten pounds of lawfull money 
and so the same Abbott and his successours for the tyme beyng to forfette for 
every half yere after the said twoo yeres to him and his successours before lymyted 
as long as it shall happen the said scolehouse and other houses aforesaid or any 
of theym to be unbuylded, ffyve pound of lawfull money. And the said Abbott 
of Brewton for hym and his successours covenaunteth and graunteth by these 
presents to the said Bisshop, Abbott of Glaston, Prioure of Charterhouse Witham 
and to their successours Jonn ffitz James and Dr. Edmundes and to every of them 
that the said Abbott of Brewton and his successors at his and their propre costes and 
charges at all tymes herafter well and sufficiently shall repaire when nede shall be 
and newe buylde when the case shall require as well the said scolehouse 
as the dwellyng place for the same scolemaster wt. all the houses ad- 
ioiynyng and appertaignyng to the same. And over that the said Abbott 
of Brewton for hym and' his successours covenaunteth and graimteth by this© 
presents to the said Bisshop, Abbott of Glaston. Prioure of Charterhouse Witham 
and to their succ. John ffitz James and Dr. Edmundes and to every of them 
that when and as often as it shall happen the sd. scolemaster or any of his succ. 
for the tyme beyng to be letted or interupted iniustly by the said Abbott of 

244 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 

Brewton or any of his succ. of occupadon or dweWyng upon the said tenement or 
any part or parcell of that which is to thejrm lymyted or of occupadon of the sd. 
scolehouse that then and so often the sd. Abbott of Brewton and his succ. shall 
forfaite for every three dales that the said Scolemaster or any of his succ. shall be 
so interupted or letted ffourty shiU]mgs or if it happen at anytime herafter the sd. 
scolehouse dwellyng place or other house therfor newe buylded and any parcell 
therof be in decay ana not well and suffidently repaired and amended withm half 
a yere next after knowlache therof yeven by the said scolemaster for the tyme 
beyng to the Abbott of the said house of Brewton for the tyme beyng or to the 
Prioure in thabsence of the sd. Abbott that then the same Abbott of Brewton and 
his succ. shall forfette for every moneth that anv such default shall not be amended 
and repaired after the sd. half yere twenty shillyn^s or if it happen at anv tyme 
herafter there shall be cause by any soddgn casualtie or otherwise to newe ouylde 
or reedefye the Scolehouse tenement or any part or parcell of the same if then 
the said house or any part therof wh. should be reedefyed and newe buylded 
within twoo yercs next after every such tyme as it shold be reedefyed or newe 
buylded be nott well and suffidently reedefyed and newe buylded accordyng to 
the same proportion that it shall be ffirst buvlded, that then the said Abbott of 
Brewton ancl his succ. shall forfette for every naif yere after the sd. twoo ycres that 
the sd. scolehouse, dwellvng house or any part or parcell therof shall 
be uabuylded or unreedefyea ten pound of lawful money. And the sd. Abbott of 
Brewton covenaunteth and graunteth by these presents to the sd. Bisshop of Lon- 
don, Abbott of Glaston Prioure of Charterhouse and to their succ. John ffitz James 
and Dr. Edmundes and to every of theym that after the deceasse ofihe said Bisshop 
John ffitz James and Dr. Edmundes tne said Abbott of Brewton or his succ shaU 
not putte oute any Scolemaster fro the said rowme for any cause but by thassent 
in wrytyng of thaobot of Glaston or the Prioure of Charterhouse Witham for the 
tyme beyng. And the said Abbott of Brewton or his succ. shall not putte the said 
scolemaster to any maner busoignez by reason whereof the same scolemaster shall 
any tyme be letted fro techyng of his scolers or kcpyag of the said scoole except 
it be for any especiall busoignez of the said monastery as to here witnesse or 
otherwise to which busoignez the personall presence of the said scolemaster of 
necessitie shall be requir^. Provided al\»ays that if it happen the sd. scolehouse 
or any part thereof to be brent by negligence of the saicf scolemaster or any of 
his scolers or servants then it is covenaunted and aereed bitwene the sd. parties 
that the hurtes doon by such negligence shall be viewed by the Churchwardes of 
Brewton for the tyme beyng and by oon other discrete person by the said Abbott 
of Brewton or his succ. to l^ therto assigned and the same churchwardeyns and 
thoder person to pondre the sd. hurtes and what somes of money shall be suffident 
for the newe makyng or reparadon of the same. Of wh. some or sommes of money 
by the sd. churchwardeyns and thoder person to be cessed it shall be lawfiill for 
the sd. Abbott of Brewton and his succ. tor the tyme bejmg to abate the sd. scole- 
master by whos tyme and negligence such casualtie of ffire shall happen to fall, 
yerely of'^his wages ffyve markes of lawfiill monev. untill the tyme the somme so 
cessed by the sd. wardeyns and thoder person be levyed or may be levied if he doo 
contvnue in his service, and if it hap{>en the said Scolemaster to decesse or departe 
fro the said office before the said somme be levied as is beforsaid then it shall be 
lawfuU to the said Abbott of Brewton for the tyme be]mg and his succ. to retei^n 
any other Scolemaster spirituall or secular for ten marks of lawfull money by the 
yere, untill the sd. somme so lymyted by the sd. churchwardeyns and thoder 
person for the newe buyld3mg or reparadon of the sd. scole by the sd. abbott or 
nis succ. of the landes given for tne mayntenance of the sd. scole be levied or 
percdved, and the sd. Abbott of Brewton covenaunteth for him and his succ. that 
ne and his succ. shall reedifie and repaire all such hurtes doon within twoo yeres 
next after any snch casualtie as is beforsaid, as often as the case shall so require. 
And the said scoole shall contynually be kept in the sd. house so by the sd. 
Abbott of Brewton or his succ. to be Duylded except for the tymes of Immynent 
and contagious sicknesse ffor which tymes it shall be lawfull the sd. Scoole to be 
kept in some place of clene aiere nygh unto Brewton aforsnid as by the sd. Abbott of 

Somerut S» Dorset Notes <S» Queries, 245 

Brewton or his succ. shall be appoynted And the same Abbott of Brewton for hym 
and his succ. covenanteth and graunteth that the said Abbott and his succ. shall 
cause the said scolemaster for the t vme beyng to dwell and contvnually to abide in 
and upon the same house that shall oe so provided and made for tne sd. scoole by the 
sd. Aobott of Brewton or his succ. and tne sd. Abbott of Brewton for hjrm and his 
succ. covenaunteth and graunteth that he the same Abbott and his succ. shall take 
into their Religion and preferre to the same, parte of such able scholers in vertue 
and kunnyng after the discredon of the same aobott or his succ. as shall fix> t3rme to- 
tyme be brought up in the same scoole. And the sd. Scolemaster shall teche his 
soolers Gramer after the gode newe ffourme used in Magdalene College in 
Oxford or in the Scoole at Fowles in London or after such gode fourme as for 
the tyme shall be moost used Also the sd. maister for the tyme beyne shall freely 
teche all such scolers of men children as to hym shall resorte for rem3mg and 
noon other iAdifferently after their capacities as well as the poore mannes child 
as the riche nothvng exigyng of any of^ them nor of the ffi-endes of any of theym 
for his laboure. but if any reward be freely and liberally ofierd unto the same 
Scolemaster it shall be lawful! for hym to take the same. And the sd. maister 
shall not teche his scolers song nor other petite lemynge as the Crosse Rewe, 
Redyng of the mateyns or of the psalter or such other small thyn£s, nother redyng 
of Eng^ssh butt such as shall conceme lemynge of gramer. nor the fibunaers 
of the said scole intend wt. our lordes mercy oonly to have the grammer of latyn 
tongue so sufficiently taught that the scolers of the same profityng and provyng 
shall in tymes to come forever be after their capacities perfight latyn men. 

And the said maister shall continually iro tyme to tyme teche his scolers 
in daies houres and tymes convenient as in other gode scooles is accustumed. 
And the said maister for the tyme be^g shall not at the request or praier of 
any person or persons dispence with his scolers to have lusutn remedium or 
compos in any weice wheryn any holyday beside the Sonday shall fall or happen, 
but it be by the especiall licence of the sd Abbott of Brewton or his succ. for the 
tyme beyng. And the sd. maister for the tyme beyng shall not at the request 
or [praier] of any person or persons dispence wt Ws scholars to have lusum 
remediwn or combos in any hoole weke wheryn noon holyday beside the Sonday 
shall happen to tall above oon tyme in the weke, but at the especiall comaund- 
ment of^ the sd Abbott of Brewton or of his successours. And it is ordeigned that 
the sd Scolemaster shall be alway discrete in correction of his scolers and in 
especiall that he shall not strVke any of his scolers beyng obedient upon the 
hedde ne on the fface with rodde ne with palmer. And it is ordeigned that 
the sd maister at his ffirst comyng into his scoole every day in the momyng shall 
wt his scolers then gadred say devoutly for the ffounders and benefactours of the 
same scoole and for thcncrece of the same scoole in vertue and in kunnyng this 
Psalme Deus misereaiur nostri &^. Glorio patri 6<. Sicut erat S<, Kyryeleyson 
xp'eleyson Kyryeleyson. Pater nosterS^. Ave Maria S<. Et ne nos S<. Exurge 
Dne adjuva nos et libera nos ppt. nomen tuum. Dne Deus virtutum converte nos et 
ostende faciem tuam et salvi erimus. Dominus vohiscum if he be a prest and if he be 
noo prest but a lay man then Dne exaudi &c. Oretnus, Deus qui cordo fidelium &»c. 
and this colett Acetones nostras quesumus Dne 6^. with oon /w Christum Dom, nostrum 
and in like wise at their last departyng fro the scoole every day the maister and 
his scolers the maister beyng present or els the scolers in thabsence of the sd. 
maister shall sey the Psalme ol De profundis with the comen sufiragies wt this 
orison Absolve quesumus Dne animas ffamulorum tuorum pontificum parentum 
ffundatorum ac benefactorum nostrorum et animas omnium fidelium defunctorum ab 
omni vinclo dilictorum ut in resurrectionis glorio inter Sanctos et electos tuos resucitati 
respirent per Xtum Dom nostrum Amen. 

Also it is ordeigned by the said Bishop, John ffitzjames and Dr. Edmundes 
that if this ordinaunce be unperfight and insufficient for contjmuance of a f&ee 
gramer scool at Brewton aforsaid accordyng to the true intent of the sd. Bisshop 

John ffitzjames and Dr. Edmundes that then it shall be lawfull to the sd. Bishop 
ohn ffitzjames and Dr. Edmundes and to every of theym longest lyvyng to adde 
and putte to this ordinaunce or putte owte wt thassent and consent of Thabbott of 

246 Somerset S* Dorset Notes <S* Queries, 

Brewton for the tyme beyng as by their discrecion for contynuance of the sd scoole 
shall be thought moost expedient. And if after the decesse of the sd Bisshop 
John ffitz James and Dr. Edmundes it shall be thought by Thabbot of Glaston 
Tor the tyme beypg» Thabbott of Brewton for the t)rme beyng, the Prioure of 
Charterhouse Witham for the tyme beyng or by the sd Abbot of Glaston 
and Prioure of Charterhouse for the tyme beyng that the sd. ordinance be 
unperfight and insufficient for contynuance of the sd. scoole in roaner and 
fourme before reherced then it shall be lawful for the sd. Abbot of Glaston, 
Abbot of Brewton and Prioure of Charterhouse or twoo of theym wherof the 
Abbott of Brewton for the tyme beyng shall be oon to adde and putte to this 
ordinance or putte owte such thyngs as by their discrecion, for contynuance of 
the same scoole shall be thought moost expedient. And the sd Abbot of Brewton 
covenaunteth and graunteth for hym and his succ. by thise presents that he the 
same Abbott and his succ. for the t3rme beyng shall doo as moche as in hym and 
his succ. may reasonably lye to cause the sd. Scolemaster for the tyme be3mg to 
ordre h)miself in every thyng accordyng to the ordenance and articles before 
reherced. And if it happen the sd scolemaster for the tyme beyng to be vicious 
in his lyvyng and not to be of gode and honest conversacion or ordre not himself in 
kepyng of the sd. Scoole accordyng to the ordenance and articles therof made or 
to De made and that proved before the sd. Abbott of Glaston, Abbott of Brewton 
and Prioure of Charterhouse for the tyme beyng or twoo of theym or their succ. 
so that Thabbott of Brewton for the t3mie beyng be oon of theym that then the sd. 
scolemaster by the sd. Abbott of Glaston, Abbott of Brewton and Prioure oflf 
Charterhouse or twoo of theym for the tyme beyng or their succ. as is beforesaid 
shall be refourmed and punysshed by puttyn^ owte of the sd. service abatyng of 
his salary or otherwise as by their discreaon shall be thought sufficient and 
convenient for his offences. Ajid the said Abbot of Brewton for hym and his succ. 
covenanteth and graunteth to the sd. Bisshop, Abbott of Glaston, Prioure of 
Charterhouse and to their succ. John ffitzjames and Dr. Edmundes and to 
every of them that if the sd. scolemaster for the tyme beyng ordre not hymself 
according to the sd. ordenaunce made or to be made or be not of gode and 
vertuous disposicion and that cume to the knowlache of Thabbott of Brewton 
for the tyme beyng or of the Prioure of the said house of Brewton in 
thabsence of Thabbott for the tyme beyng if then the sd. Abbott of Brewton 
or his succ. or the Priour in thabsence of Thabbott within oon moneth next 
after knowlache had therof by sufficient informacion doo not geve wamynge 
of the defaulte of the sd. maister to Thabbott of Glaston and Prioure of 
Charterhouse for the tyme beyng if they then be within their monastery 
4ind house or within the shire of Somerset or to oon of theym in thabsence 
of thoder that then the sd. Abbott of BrcMrton and his succ. for tlie tyme bejmg 
shall forfelte for every tyme that he or his succ. or the Prioure in thabsence of the 
sd. Abbott shall not wame Thabbott of Glaston and Prioure of Charterhouse or 
oon of theym for the t3rme beyng in maner and fourme as is beforesd. Ixvjs. viijd. 
and so for every monetn after to forfette Ixyjs. viijd. to tyme Thabbott of Brewton or 
the Prioure in thabsence of Thabbott for the tyme beyng shall give wamyng as 
is beforesd. to the sd. Abbott of Glaston and Prioure of Charterhouse or oon of 
theym for the t3rme beyng. And if it happen the sd. Abbott of Brewton* and 
Prioure of Charterhouse or oon of theym or any of their succ. for the tyme beyng 
to be owte of the sd. shire at such tyme as such knowlache as is beforesaid 
.shall come to Thabbott of Brewton or his succ. for the tyme bevng if then 
Thabbott of Brewton for the tyme bejmg or the Prioure in thabsence of 
Thabbott doo not give wamyng of defaulte of the sd. scolemaster of his mys- 
demeanour to Thabbott of Glaston and Prioure of Charterhouse or to oon of 
theym for the tyme beyng as shall happen to be owte of the sd. shire when 
such knowlache shall come to Thabbott of Brewton or Prioure there in thabsence 
of Thabbott for the tyme beyng within xiiij daies next after the comvng of 
Thabbott of Glaston and Piioure of Charterhouse or oon of theym for the 

♦ Sic MS : but Brewton is evidently an error for Glaston. 

Sonurset 6* Dorset Notes &» Queries. 247 

tyme beyng unto the sd. shire after such knowlache of misdemeanour of the 
sd. scolemaster that then the sd. Abbott of Brewton and his succ for the tyme 
beyng ^aU foifette for every tyme that he and his succ. or Prioure in thabsence of 
ThalMX>tt shidl not wame Thaobott of Glaston and Prioure of Charterhouse or 
oon of theym for the tyme beyng in maner and fourme as is beforesd. Ixvis. viijd. 
and so for every xiiij daies after to forfette Ixyjs. viijd. to tyme Thaobott of 
Brewton or Pnoure in thabsence of Thabbott for the tyme beyng shall give 
wamyng as is beforesd. to the sd. Abbott of Glaston and Prioure of Charter- 
house or oon of theym for the tyme beyng and if the sd. Abbott of Glaston 
and Prioure of Charterhouse for the tyme beyng be negligent and not diligent to 
refourme the sd. scolemaster within the moneth after knowlache in maner and 
fourme before reherced to hym or theym given, Then it shall be lawfiill for the 
sd. Abbott of Brewton and his succ. to remove or otherwise to refourme the sd. 
scolemaster as by their discrecion shall be thought reasonable for his offences and 
the sd. Abbott of Brewton for hym and his succ. covenanteth and graunteth by 
thise presents to the sd. John ffitz James and his heirs that when and as often 
as it shall happen the sd. Abbott of Brewton or his succ. to forfaite the said 
someof xls. or the sd. someof Ixvjs. viijd. or the sd. someof xls. or the sd. some 
of vli. or the sd. some of xli. or the sd. some of Ixvis. viijd. or any of the penal- 
ties before reherced in maner and fourme as is before declared that then and so often 
it shall be lawfull for the sd. John ffitz James and his heirs to enter into the manour 
of North Brewham in the sd. countie of Somerset and into all landes and tenements 
in North Brewham forsaid and for all the sd. penalties or for any of theym that 
shall happen to be forfette in maner before reherced to distreign and the aistresse 
so taken to lede dryve and cary away and theym toimparkc and in parke to with- 
hold to tyme the sd. John ffitzj ames or his heu^ of all the sd. sommes or any of 
theym as shall happen hym or theym to distreign for, be fully satisfied and paid. 
And if the sd. John ffitzjames or hi< heirs do not distreign for the sd. somes or for 
any of theym within twoo monethes next after any of the sd. somes shall happen to 
be forfette as is aforsaid or if the heir or heirs of the sd. John ffitzjames happen 
to be within age or disabled in the lawe by any meane to take such distresse 
or to iustifie or avowe for the same at such tyme as the heire or heirs of 
the sa. John ffitzjames shuld distreign for any of the sd. penalties then the 
sd. Abl)ott of Brewton for hym and his succ. cov. and graunteth by thise 
presents to the sd. Abbott of Glaston and to his succ. that it shall be lawfull 
to the sd. Abbott of Glaston and his succ. within twoo monethes next after the 
sd. twoo monethes lymyted to the sd. John ffitzjames and his heirs to entre in 
the sd. manour of N. Brewham and in all landes and tenements in N. Brewham 
forsaid and to distreign for any of the sd. somes that so shall be forfaited by the sd. 
Abbott of Brewton or his succ. and the said distresse to drive lede or cary away and 
theym to impound and in pound to withhold to tyme the sd. Abbott of Glaston 
or his succ. oe fully contented and satisfied of such some or sommes as he shall 
distreign for and as by the sd. Abbott of Brewton or his succ. shall happen to be 
forfette And if it happen the sd. Abbott of Glaston or his succ. for the tyme 
beyng do not distreign within the sd. twoo monethes to hym or theym lymyted 
as is aforsaid then the sd, Abbott ofBrewton for hym and his succ. cov. and graunteth 
by these presents to the sd. Prioiu^ of Charterhouse and to his succ. that it shall be 
lawfull to the sd. Prioure and his succ. within twoo monethes next after the sd. 
twoo monethes lymyted to the sd. Abbott of Glaston and his succ. to entre into 
the sd. manour of N. Brewham and into all the sd. landes and tenements in 
N. Brewham forsd. and to distreign for the sd. somes and every of thejrm as shall 
happen to be forfaited by the sd. Abbott of Brewton or his succ. and the sd. 
distress to drive lede and cary away 8c theym to impound and in pound to with- 
hold to tyme the sd. Prioure or his succ. be fully contented and satisfied of the 
sd. somes or of such of theym as the sd. Abbott of Brewton or his succ. shall 
happen to be forfaited. 

In witnesse wherof to three partes of thise Indentures wherof oon parte 
shall remaign wt the said Abbott of Glaston and his succ. the second parte wt 
the said Prioure of Charterhouse and his succ. the third parte with the said John 

248 Somerset S» Dorset Notes <S» Queries, 

ffitz James and his heirs the sd. Abbott of Brewton and covent have putte theire 
comon seale and to the ffourth parte of thise Indentures remaynyng with the 
said Abbott of Brewton and his succ. the sd. Abbott of Glaston and Prioore of 
Charterhouse and their coventeshave putte their covent seales. and the sd. Bisshop 
John Fitzjames and Dr. Edmundes nave putte their seales yeven in the chaptre- 
house at Brewton the day and yere abovesaid. 

The parties to this deed, which is dated September 29, 15 19^ 
are Richard Fitzjames, Bishop of London (1506-22), his nephew, 
John Fitzjames of Redlynch, afterwards Lord Chief Justice of 
England, Doctor John Edmundes, a native of Bruton, who was 
collated to the Chancellorship of St. Paul's, London, in 1517, and 
is probably indentical with a Canon of Wells of the same name, 
Richard Whiting, the last Abbot of Glastonbury, Richard Pers, 
Prior of Witham, and William Gilbert, Bishop of Mayo, the first 
Abbot of Bruton. 

In founding Bruton School, Bishop Fitzjames and Dr. 
Edmundes were evidently following the example of their friend, 
John Colet, Dean of St. Paul's, who founded St. Paul's School in 
15 10, and it is interesting to notice that this school is mentioned 
in the deed. 

The language is quaint ; we call attention to a few rare words 
and spellings, 

busoignez (business) 
colett (collect) 
covent (convent) 
cross-rewe (the alphabet) f 
exigyng (exacting) 
knowlache (knowledge) 
ne (nor) 
con (one) 

palmer (a stick or rod) 
perfight (perfect) 
•petite' learning. 
Tbe deed is written on two large pieces of parchment, one 2^ 
^^M br t foot 10 inches, and the other li feet by 13^ inches, and 
5$ .Tt t^rr good preservation ; the seal of the Abbey (the B.V.M. 
«*)U t^ Holy Child) appended to it is broken. 

W*' tender our best thanks to the governing body of the 
><-Sx< XV permission to print the deed, to Mr. Henry Hobhouse, 
V "* vv tiie loom of Hoare's Monastic Remains from which the 
• ..>;.-n. v^a$ of the seals are taken, to Mr. William Bord for the 
xs«it >N hI:^ Ditcture of Bruton Abbey, from which our illustration 
»^ ciKVtt^ 4tta to the Rev. H. J. Poole for his photograph of it. 
t>^ itifee of this picture is supposed to be 1748.* 

F. W, Weaver. 

*■ l^ M5s lu»cross-rewc. Hall! well gives the form cross-roa;. 
Vw vik^ lJ^K>ottspiece to the 7th Volume of the Proceedings of the 
X- - ^^NWv Vjcv^mUo^^ Society (1858). 






-^f ■»/'■ 

Scale i inch to one foot 



Si'ulif \ imth to OH' foQf 



Samersit <§• Dorsst NoUs S* Qutriis. 249 


IN North Transept. — The sketch shows the Altar Recess 
lately discovered in the East wall of the North Transept of this 

The opening appears to have been originally about 7-f^. 5-in. 
wide and i-ft. 6-in. deep; it has a semicircular arch formed of 
roaghly hewn masonry of local stone. 

The impost moulding on the North side corresponds in 
detail with the fragment of impost moulding still left in its 
original position on the North face of the N.W. pier of the 
Lantern Tower, where it once fulfilled its mission as the impost 
of the small Norman archway, between the Transept and the 
North aisle of Nave. 

When the opening between the Chancel Aisle and the North 
Transept was enlarged in the 14th Century, this Altar must have 
been in the way ; the recess was apparently at that time reduced 
as much as possible on the South side by rebuilding the pier and 
altering the contour of arch. 

The wall at this part of the church has for many years shown 
signs of movement, which is not to be wondered at, for the stone 
pier between the Altar recess and the 14th century opening was 
barely lol inches thick, and this virtually had to support all the 
weight of the wall above. 

The dotted lines on the sketch show probable form of original 
Norman Arch and position of Piscina before the 14th century 
opening was made. 

Query, in what position would the Piscina most probably 
have been refixed, as in this case it was impossible to place it in its 
usual position on the South side of the Altar } Are there any 
examples of Piscinas existing on the North side of Altars? 

On removing the rough stone masonry with which the recess 
was filled in, remains of some very interesting frescos were 
discovered, the Tympanum and space over the Altar seem to have 
been decorated with Mural paintings at various periods, for traces 
of at least three different pictures were found, probably all 
representing the same subject ** The Holy Rood." The cross rests 
on a piece of carved stone which forms a bracket, and a similar 
stone shelf is walled in under the figure of the Virgin Mother ; 
both these fragments appear to have belonged to the same 
structure and bear traces of vermilion and gilt. Could they 
have been relics from the shrine of some early Saint, so placed to 
preserve them ? 

Since the frescos have been uncovered, portions of the 
distemper from the upper or most recent painting have dropped 
off, disclosing a fresco of an earlier date ; the sketch of the 
principal figure is given in the margin of the plate and also an 
•• Agnus Dei " over the head of St. John ; there are also indications 
of a third fresco in monotint, which corresponds with the descrip- 

Part xxiii. September, 1895. t 

250 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

lion given by Hutchins of the frescos found in the south chancel 
aisle at the first restoration in 1855. 

The frescos must have been in their present position when 
the 14th century opening was foSfiSlras they are not in the centre 
of the recess as it now exists, which has been reduced on the 
South side owing to the formation of the larger arch» &c., between 
Chancel Aisle and Transept. 

It is also worthy of note that the masonry, with which the 
recess was filled, was carefully kept from touching the face of the 
frescos themselves. 

The exact position of the original stone Altar was clearly to 
be seen by a line in the nlaster, and this has now been restored ; 
the piscina with corbel shelf over it formed a portion of the 
masonry with which the Altar recess was walled up. If it was 
placed at the North side of the Altar at the time of the 14th cen- 
tury alterations, why should it ever have been disturbed and used 
for filling up the recess ? It should also be noted that the apex of 
the arch of the Altar recess had been entirely removed ; this was 
done when the gallery was constructed in the North Transept in 
the early part of the present century ; at that time the staircase 
to this gallery was placed in the North Chancel Aisle, and in 
forming the doorway at the top of this staircase the builders 
appear to have cut right through the apex of the arch of the Altar 
recess, and so left it without any keystone. 

Waiter J. Fletcher, F.R.I.B.A. 

274. Monumental Inscriptions in South Petherton 
Church. {Continued from III. xix. 98). — In the North aisle, 
called also the Stuckey aisle, we find the following inscriptions on 
slabs of lias forming the floor, commencing at the east end. — 

*« Here I iyeth the Body of|JoaneC Wife ot (James Chaffey 

ofBower I Hinton who Dyed the | 8: Day of May | 167.... | 

"also May 167.... | 

From Register of Burials. 

1678 Mail 10.. Sep. Joanna uxor ) Tacobi 
et Maud filia i Chafy. 

Here lieth the Body of Eliza- I beth Stuckey Daughter of John Stuckey 
Esq'' I who died the 19th day of February 1768 | Aged 86. | 

Here lyeth the Bodies of John and Ann Son and Daughter of John 
Stuckey Esqe. John dyed | Fcby. the 23rd. 1709. Ann April the 24th, 1729. 

Here lyeth the Body of | John Stuckey Esqr. | who dyed the 7th July 
1741 I Aged 86. 

Here lyeth the body of Anne wife I of John Stuckey Esqe. who dyed 
the I 28th day of April, Anno Doiii. 1725. | 

Satmrut S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 251 

Here lyeth the Body of J Robert Stuckey Esqr. J Barriitcr at Law, | 
ton of Robert Stuckey of Weiston | in the county ot Devon, Esqr. | who 
dyed the 7th Decern: 1741 | Aged 25 years. | 

From the Parish Registers. 
1709-10. Martij 10. Sep. Johes f. Johis Stuckey, Axmigcr. 
1725. Maijii. Sep. Anna Uxor Johannis Stnckey, Generosi. 
1729. Ap. 30. Sep. Anna f. Johannis Stuckev, Axmigeri. 
1 74 1. Tnlij 16. Sep. Johannes Stuckey, Arm(ger. 
I7ii. Deer. 28. Sep. Robertus Stuckey, generosus. 
1761. Feb. 26. Sep. Elisabeth Stuckey. 

1699. Junij 10. Sep. Elizabctha Studcy, vidua. 
170X. Ap. 18. Sep. Magistra Joanna Stuckey, de West Lambrooke. 

It is highly probable that the latter of these two at least 
belonged to our family. 

On the North wall of the same aisle there is the following 
heraldic monument finely sculptured in white marble. 

1st and 4th, Party per bend sinister dovetailed or and axuret a lion 
double-queued rampant, irmine {Stuck^ of Bramseombi) ; 2nd and 3rd, Sable 
two barrulcts between 3 cinquefoils (2 & i) argmt. {BartUtt, of WisUm, co, 
Devon,) Crest, a demi-lion, double queued, ermitu. Motto, Fortitudine et 

Roberti Stuckey | delnteriori Templo Armigeri | Cons: Legis periti, | 
Filij primogeniti Roberti Stuckey) de Weston in com : Devon Ar : | et 
Nepotis Johannis Stuckey de Compton Durvil in hac Parochia, Ar: | Qui ob: 
7^ Decembris An. Dom : 1741, ^tatis suae 26. | 
Manet post funera A^rtus. 

So far as I have been able to gather, it would seem that 
these Stuckeys came, after the middle of the 17th century, to 
South Petherton, by purchase of the little manor of Compton 
Durville, and that they belonged to a wealthy yeoman familv 
residing in the neighbouring parish of Muchelney. The Rev. r. 
£, W. Langdon, of Parrocks, near Chard, tells me that one of the 
deeds belonging to his family, bearing date 1656, relates to the 
leasing of some land by Wm. Fauntlerov, Gent, of Fauntleroy's 
Marsh, to Thomas Stuckey, Gent, of Folke, both in the county of 
Dorset ; but no relationsnip between the Stuckeys of Somerset 
and the above Thomas has so far been established, although such 
may possibly be inferred from the connexion which, as we shall 
see, is known to have existed between the Compton family and 
the Langdons of Chard.* 

John Stuckey, who was bom in 1655 and who was buried here 
in 1747, appears first as Churchwarden in 1690. In 1695 (tbe 
date of our oldest existing rate list) he was among the most 
considerable contributors to our parish funds, doubtless then 
occupying as well as owning the Compton manor lands, the 
old residence on which is still standing and in good condition. 

*The Rector of Folke tells me that the name of Stuckey does not appear in his 
Parish Registers. 

J5S S^nursit &• Dorut Notes S» Queries. 

In 1695 2^^ 9^ he signs the book as a rate-payer. In 1698 
lie confirms that year's list as a magistraie^ and in subsequent 
years ontil 1740, his name, over against the sum due, appears with 
die title of "Esq«^" instead of "Mr." as before. 

His son Robert, bom in 1689, succeeded him. He further 
enriched the family by marriage with Mary, the only daughter and 

heiress of Bartlett of Hole in Branscombe, co. Devon, 

whose ancestor, Ellys Bartlett, in Queen Elizabeth's time, 
purchased that estate of one Gilbert Holcombe, whose family 
had been settled there for seven generations. Mrs. Stucke/s 
virtues, enumerated on her monument in Branscombe Church, 
seem to have rivalled the number of her broad acres, and tradition 
still preserves the memory of her husband as that of '* Old Justice 
Stuauy who was in his day and generation a great terror to 
smugglers and all other petty ill-doers and offenders against the 
common peace of those parts*." 

The heraldic monument to Robert Stuckey, his son, the 
**counsetlor learned in the law " could not have been erected until 
years after his death (in 1741) since we learn from Burke's 
'' General Armoury *' that the Stuckeys of Branscombe received a 
grant of arms not earlier than 1759. It is quite possible that the 
* Old Justice ' might have signalised that favour by erecting in 
memory of his elder son a supplementary monument bearing all 
his posthumous honoursf. 

Robert Stuckey, the elder, died in 1768, leaving only one 
surviving son, John, who never married. He died at Branscombe 
in 1 8 10, at the age of 91, and with him ended the male issue of 
this wealthy family. A monument, bearing somewhat fulsome 
testimony to his character and "many estimable qualities," is still 
to be seen in his parish church. 

By will he left his large estates, I believe, as follows : One 
moiety to go to his relative (? a young cousin) Barnaby John 
Stuckey Bartlett, and the other moiety to the late Mr. Vincent 
Stuckey, Banker, of Langport. In case of the decease of either 
without an heir male, his portion to fall to the survivor. In case 
of the survivor dying without male issue, the two moieties were to 
descend to the late Mr. John Langdon of Chard, and to his heirs 
male. I believe this gentleman pre-deceased both the other 
legatees, then Mr. Stuckey died, and last of all Mr. B. J. Stuckey 
Bartlett. Neither of the two latter gentlemen leaving issue male, 
the Stuckey estates fell to the late Mr. John Churchill Langdon, 
elder son of the Mr. J. Langdon, named in John Stuckey's will. 

Mr. John Langdon's interest in the matter was as follows : 
his father married in 1776 a Mary Churchill, whose grandmother 

• Hv^rs« MmoriaU of the West, Pa. 151. 

t U wiU b« noted that there are two separate memorials to this gentleman 
« sSvMklh IMUvrlou Church. 

SofHifut S* Dorsit Notes <S* Qmriis, 253 

was sister of Robert Stuckey of Weston in Branscombe, and thus 
he was one of the nearest of kin to the testator. 

It is perhaps curious to note that the late Mr. Vincent 
Stuckey was in no way related to the old gentleman who died in 
1810, although the possession of a similar name was probably a 
lifelong advantage to him ; an advantage which, as all who had 
the good fortune to know him will readily testify, he turned to 
most excellent account. 

On the N. wall, close by the last named monument, is a tablet 
bearing the following : — 

Sacred | to the memoiy of I Henij Burchall Peren | second son of 
Bnrchall Peren Esqre. | and klizaoetb his wife | of Compton Dnrville in this 
parish I who departed this life | on the 8th day of Angost, 1852 | aged 31 
years. | 

Also of their son | 
John Burchall Peren, M.D. | who died at Demerara | on the 17th day of 
August, 1862, I aged 36 years. | 


These were members of a good old Yeoman family that had 
resided in the parish for upwards of a century, but whose ** place 
knows them no more." 

At the West End of the N. Aisle, on the floor, is the follow- 

In memory of Henry Palmer Gent. | who died February y« 3* in ye | 
Year of our Lord 1788. Aged 92. \ 

In memory of Elizabeth wife of | Henry Palmer, Gent, who died Dec. | the 

26th in ye Year of our Lord 1778. Aged 78. | 
Mr. Palmer was local Agent or Steward to Earl Poulett, who 
in the 1 8th century seems to have held a good deal of property 
here. Probably he was connected with the Palmers of Hinton 
St. George, a yeoman family that has resided there for some 

In the South Aisle stands a mural slab. 

In memory of | 
Katherine the wife of Sealy Bridge Gent. | who died 30th May* 1770 | aged 
64 years. | 

Also in Memory of the aboTe named Sealy Bridge | who died 28ib Oct. 
1782 J Aged 70 years. 

And also in Memory of Manr Lyde Daughter | of Sealy and Katherine 
Bridge who died | March the 12th 181 5, aged 73 years. 

Likevrise in Memory of Thomas Bridge Gent. | son of Sealy and 
Katherine Bridge, who | died April the 22nd, 1815. Aged 71 years. — 

Also in Memory of Harriet wife of | Thomas Bridge | who died March 
28th 1833, I Aged 71 years. 

(The Bridge family has been already noticed in III. xix. 98.) 
* Our Register of deaths records her funeral as on 20th May, 1770. 

254 Somersii 6* Dorsst NoUs S» Queries. 

Immediately beneath the above, 

Sacred to the Memory of | John Baker Edmonds Esq. | of this parish 
who died at | Flympton St. Mary Devon | Tany. 24, 1848, aged 83 years and | 
vrho§e mortal remams lie interrra in this church. I 

I know that my Redeemer liveth. 

He was 8on of the following, whose tablet is on the S. wall 
nearly opposite. 

Sacred | to the Memory of \ John Edmonds | who died April 13th 
1798 I aged 77 years. I Also Martha wife of | John Baker Edmonds | iriio 
died Januanr 5*^ 1804' | aged 38 yean, j 

And of Annice wife of | the above named | John Edmonds, who died 
March 28, 1822 | aged 82 years. | 

The above also belonged to the influential Yeoman class that 
in the i8th century famished, for the most part, the Padres Con- 
scripti of a rural district. The Edmondses were titular Lords 
of the manor, having purchased the S. Petherton Estates of Lord 
Arundel of Wardour, about a hundred years ago. Mrs. Martha 
Edmonds was a Miss Conway of Beaminster, in Dorset. 

Near by, on the same wall to the Westward, on an illuminated 
Brass, mounted on black marble ; 

In Danger Ready. 

Henry Wilkinson Toller | bom at Leicester | Jany. 15th 1850 | died at 
Soath Petherton I Sept. 13th 1879. | Lieutenant 28th Somersetshire R.V. | 

This Tablet f is erected as a tribute of sincere respect to his I memory | 
by the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates of the Company. 

There is also a handsome £agle lectern of brass in the 
church, given in memory of Lieut. Toller by his more immediate 
personal friends and relatives and bearing a suitable inscription. 

Lieut. Toller was the son of Mr. Richard Toller the venerable 
Town Clerk of Leicester, and the grandson of the Rev. Thomas 
Northcote Toller, of Kettering, Northants, who was a native of 
this place. He was a distinguished member of the Leicester 
Volunteer Rifle Corps, having earned the Queen's Badge at quite 
an early date. 

In the large West window is some excellent stained glass by 
ClajTton and Bell, in which the two tiers of ' perpendicular ' lights 
represent, respectively, scenes from the careers of St. Peter and 
St. Paul, to whom the Church is dedicated, and in panels under- 
neath is the following inscription, &c. 

On a shield, itt and 4th, Sa. a fess or, {Bond, ancient) 2nd and 3rd, Ar 
on a chevron sa, 3 Bezants. {Bond, Dorset) impaling Or, a Lion rampant 
gu, within a bordnre engrailed, sable, {Pomeroy,) 

To the glory of God and in loving memory | of Henry Bond, LL. B. 
Prebendary of Wells, | and for 47 years Vicar of this Parish, | who entered 
into rest, Sept. 27, 1875. | 

Let me go for the day breaketh. 

The Rev. Henry Bond was the son of the Rev. William Bond, 

' ztI 


Somerut <S* Dorset Notes <S* Queries. 255 

Rector of Steeple with Tyneham, Dorset, and Prebendary of 
Bristol, who was a younger son of an old Dorsetshire family, whose 
head quarters have for upwards of four centuries been situated in 
the Isle of Purbeck. He impaled the Pomeroy arms in right of 
his wife who was the only daughter of the Hon. Henry Pomeroy, 
4th son of John, 4th Viscount Harberton of Castle Carberry, Co. 
Kildare, Ireland. 

This Window was inserted b^ the friends and parishioners of 
one whose blameless life and active virtues commanded the loving 
esteem of all who ever knew him. He was buried in the family 
vault at Tyneham. 

This paper concludes the list of memorials wtihtn the church ; 
those in the churchyard are most of them too far gone for copying, 
but it is hoped that the details given from time to time m our 
local ** Notes and Queries^* may some day be found useful to its 

Hugh Norris, 

South Petherton. 

Errata and Corrigenda. 

VoL 11^ page 111, 24th line from bottom, for Brome's in'al^ read 
Brome's time, 
„ „ nth line from bottom, for Henry Compton's, 

read James Compton's. 
Vol. Illf page 32. 23rd line from bottom, for Fug. Brevi Morieri, 
&c., read Tuq : {oque) Brevi Morieris. 
>t p^g^ 33* 13th and 20 lines from bottom, for Wilmot/ta, 

read Wilmo«ta, 
„ page 67. 17th line from bottom, for 16^4 read 1644. 

275. Malet op Enmorb, Somerset. — ^The following 
abstract of deeds illustrating the pedigree of the ancient family 
of Malet of Enmore, Somerset, is taken from Lansd. MSS., Brit. 
Mus., No. 255. Collinson, the historian, had probably seen it, as 
it corroborates in many points his account of the Malet family. 
{Hist, Som/„ I. 90). With the assistance of both authorities an 
accurate pedigree could, no doubt, be compiled. 

John Batten. 

Lansd. 255 p. 150. [Note — ^The spelling and contractions of 
the MS. are retained.] 

Know all men, &c., that I Baldwine Mallet w^ the consent 
of Lady Emma my wife and my heirs have given and con- 
firmed unto Nicholas brother of Galfride of Sowv halfe a vir- 
gate of land in Sutton which Hugh Fichet my father gave unto 
William de Cantok father to the aforesaid Nicholas for his service 
to bee held in fee without anv secular service and exaction except 
the service due to our Lord the King, and to be held of mee and 

256 Somersit S» Dorset Notes <?• Queries. 

my heirs paying yearly one pound of pepper in Sutton at the 
feast of Easter. The aforesaid Nicholas doth also owe service 
unto our Lord the King and shutting the park of C fCantok] as 
appertajmeth to so much land. Witness, Gaufride of Edwinton, 
Gaufride Fichet and others. 

Knowe, etc. That I William Mallet Lord of Enemer have 
given, etc., unto Sara my beloved wife the whole farme of 
Hetcumbe in as large manner as is conte3med in a writing made 
betweene William of Sutton and mee. Witnes, Lord Walter of 
Sully, Mathew de Furaeaux and others. Dat. 36 H. 3. 

Gualter the sonne of Hugh Fichet sendeth greeting to all 
men. Knowe that I do yield to Lord William Mallet of Enemer 
all my right in the ville of Sutton which I held of the said 
William. Witnes, Hamell Deandon and others. 

Mathew de fifourneaux sendeth greeting, etc. Know, etc. 
That I have yielded to William of Sutton the only heire of Het- 
cumb all the corporall messuage of Hetcumb. Witnes, Hugh 
Mallet, Hugh Fichet and others. 

Know all men, that Baldwin Mallet the sonne of Hugh Fichet 
of Enemer hath given to Phillip the sonne of Gerard of Sidehana 
and his heirs a virgate of land in Bereford, etc. Witnes, Lady 
Basilia my mother, Galfrid the son of Walter of Edington, 
Randoll and Gervise de Ralega, Galfrid Fichet, Durandus Derlega 
and others. 

Know, etc. That I Mary heretofore wife of William Mallet 
Knight in right of my widowhood have given unto Raymond 
Mallet and Millizent his wife the tenement of Hethcumb hereto- 
fore being of the inheritance of Hethcumb. Witnes, Sr Galfride 
of Stawell, John the sonne of Galfride Knight, etc. 

Know, etc. That I Sara Mallet have granted in my widow- 
hood to William Mallet my sonne 20" rent in Baggehay. Witnes, 
Sir John de Aur, Sir Heniy de Stawell and others. 

Richard de fifulwell the sonne of Richard de Fulwell of 
Lekesworthy greeting; Know, etc., that I have granted to Sir 
William Mallet sonne of Sir William Mallet Lord of Enemer a 
watercourse through my land of Lekesworthy etc. Witnes S' Hugh 
Fichet and others. 

A covenant made in the 4Sth yere of King Henry the sonne 
of John betweene S' Baldwine Mallet Knight of the one party 
and Guy de Cantoc concerning a common pasture of Enemer 
before S^ Thomas Trivet and the Justices his associats. Witnes 
Walter de Sulley, Symon Meriet, Knights, and others. 

A covenant made betweene Roger de Clavill and Joan his 
wife of the one party and Baldwine Mallet and Mabill his wife of 
the other party of the lands which belonged to Hamelin Deardon 
father of the aforesaid Joan and Mabell. 

Know, etc. That I Maud heretofore wife of Thomas Lovet 
have confirmed to Baldwine Mallet the sonne of William Mallet 

Somerset &» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 257 

a ffirlingate of land in Loveton. Witnes, S' Robert de Shute, S* 
Richard de Willicester, Simon Meriot, Richard the sonne of 
Bernard, Galfiide Talbot. . . .Sans date. 

John Mallet Knight sonne and heire of Baldwiti Mallet 
Knight greeting, etc. Know ye that I have confirmed to William 
Marshall of Ledon land in Holwell. Witnes, William Mortimer 
constable of the Castle of Tanton, Gilbert de WoUampton, etc. 

A finall agreement made betweene John Mallet Lord of 
Enemer and Galfride Furneaux sonne to Richard de Furneaux. 
Witnes, John de Valletorta, William Trivet, and John the sonne 
of Galfride knight, dated 8 Edward the sonne of Henry. 

John Mallet Knight the Lord of Enemer sonne and heire to 
Baldwine Mallet Knight sendeth greeting, etc. Knowe that I 
have granted land in Enemer. Witnes, Sir Adam de Bagadrip 
Knight, Hugh Trivet and others. Sans date. 

To all, etc. Willm Bereford sendeth greeting. Knowe that 
I have released, etc, to Baldwine Mallet Knight land in Enemer. 
Witnes, Robert Fichet Simon Furneaux, Knights, and others, dated 
22 Edward the sonne of K. Edward. 

Adam de la ford hath remitted to Baldwine Mallet all the 
land of Bagadrip and Murlinch. Witnes, John de Meriet, Henry 
de Glaston, Knight, dated 25 E. the sonne of Henry. 

John Mallet Knight Lord of Enemer sendeth greeting etc. 
Know ye that I have granted to Robert Lydyet parson of Enemer 
my mannair of Enemer with advouson, etc. Witnes, Thomas 
Fichet, Walter Bluet, Knights, dated 21 Ed. 3. 

Robert Lydyete parson of Enemer sendeth greeting, etc. 
Know that 1 have surrendered to Baldwine Mallet sonne of Sir 
John Mallet Knight the mannour of Enemer. Witnes, S>^ Edmond 
Clevedon, Tho. Besilles, Walter de Rodney, Knights, Simon de 
Bradeney, Walter de Horsey, Walter Mallet, dated 23. E. 3. 

This Indenture witnesseth. That the Thursday next after the 
Feast of St John the Baptist, in the 20 yeare of K. Edw. 3 Sir 
William de Whitfeild and Constance his wife of the one part and 
Baldwine Mallet of the other part. That is to wit, that John the 
eldest Sonne of Baldwine shall take to wife Elizabeth the daugh- 
ter of John de Kingstone and the said Constance, to which John 
and Elizabeth the said Baldwine shall give his mannor of Oks 
with the appurtenances to them and their heirs of their bodies 
lawfully begotten. For which marriage the said Sir William shall 
give to the said Baldwine 400 marks, etc. In witnes, etc., they have 
interchangeably set their seals. Given at Wells the day and 
yeare above written before these witnesses, Walter de Paveley, 
Walter de fitzurs. Knights, John de Rale, Robert de Brent, John 
de Durburgh, Robt de Pares, John de Somerton and others. 

John Mallet Knight greeting. Know ye that I have released 

2S? Somifuf &» Dorset Notes <&• Queries. 

to Baldw. Mallet my brother the land granted to him by Hawisia 
my mother. Given at Enemer y« 29 of E. 3. Witnes, John 
Radeston, Roger Pym, Walter Oadiurst and others. 

An Indenture made between Baldwine Mallet Knight and 
dame Elizabeth his wife of the one part, and Walter Bluet and 
Elizabeth his wife on the other part, 42 Ed. 3 

This Indenture made between S>^ Baldwine Mallet Klnight 
and Dame Elizabeth his wife of the one part and John Hull on 
th'other part. Witnesseth that Sir Baldwine and Elizabeth and 

iohn Hull are fully accorded that John Mallet sonne and 
eir of the said Baldwine and Elizabeth and heir apparent 
to the said Baldwine shall take to wife ]oan the daughter 
of the said John Hull, And the said Baldwine levieth a fine of 
the mannor of Cantakeshide to the use of the said John and 

ifoan, and that John Hull and Dionise his wife levy a fine of the 
ands in Exon. 3 Ric. 2. 

Baldwine Mallet Knight and Letitia his wife granted Lands 
in Deandon, dated 14 of Ric. 2. 

William Hastings sendeth greeting, etc. Knowe ye that I 
have confirmed the mannors of Enemer and Dutton to Baldwine 
Mallett Knight and Amisia his wife, Witnes, John Warre, John 
Brent, William Pawlet. Dated 9. H. 4. 

Baldwine Mallet Knight and Amisia his wife. 3. Hen. 4. 

John Mallet Knight the sonne of Baldwine Knight sendeth 
greeting. Know ye that I have granted to Thomas Trivet the 
mannor of Enemer. Witnes, Peter Courtenay, Walter Bluet, 
Knights, and others, dated 5 Ric. 2. 

Hugh Mallet Esq. the sonne of Baldwine Mallet Knight 
and Amisia his wife daughter and one of the heirs of Richard 
Liff Esq. .Know ye that wee have granted, etc., to John Wadham 
the elder Esq., William Ronyon Esq., William Dodsham, Phillip 
Pira, and William Jacob our mannor of Lidierd Puncherdon in the 
county of Somerset for the tearme of six yeares to marry one of 

our daughters with and after the aforesaid tearme wee do 

grant the said mannor to John Wadham, Walter Bluet, William 
Montagu of Henly, Gilbert Yard^Esq., Alexander Newton, 
^"^Jf ^/-Vadham, John More and their heirs and assigns at the 
M K ^^^^ ^^® daughter of the foresaid John Wadham the 
elder, being the wife of Thomas Mallet our sonne and heire. 
Witnes, William Pawlet Knight, Robert Warre Esq., John Siden- 
ham de Orchard and others, dated i Ed. 4. 

To all, etc. Thomas Mallet the sonne of Hugh Mallet 
sendeth greeting. Know ye y* Robt SUwell, William Ronyon, and 
u k*?* r^^^y ^^^® demised to Joan my mother late wife of 
Hugh MaJlet my mannor of Sutton Mallet, etc. Witnes, Reynald 
btourtou Knight, dated 6. Ed. 4. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes &» Queries. 



276. Richard King, M.P. for Melcombe Regis. (III. 
XX. 149.) — By the kindness of our correspondent, Mr. Rufus 
King, North Broadway, Yonkers, Westchester County, New 
York, we are able to present our readers with an engraving of the 
coat of Richard King, M.P., of whom a brief memoir may be 
read at page 143 of this volume. Since the previous article was 
written we have received the following communication from the 
Rev. E. Harbin Bates, Great Claybrook, Lutterworth, who writes, 
** There is reason to suppose that Richard King, M.P., married a 
second time, Margaret, daughter of Robert Harbin of Newton 
Sormaville, near Yeovil. For this statement the evidences are : 

1. Harl. Visitation of Somerset, 1623, Appendix, where 
it is stated that Margaret, daughter of Robert Harbin, married 
Richard King of the Inner Temple, Esq. 

2. Extract from Lord Cork's Diary, Lismore Papers. (Priv- 
ately printed for the Duke of Devonshire.) As follows, ** Julie, 
1639. I this daie, by the advice of Mr. Richard Kinge of Sher- 
borne, my learned councell, purchased of his wive's father, Mr. 
Robert Harbyn, a copyhold estate in Stalbridge. 

These two pieces of evidence seem to point to Richard King, 
the M.P., and Richard King, the son-in-law, being the same 
person. There is no entry of the marriage in the Yeovil Registers, 
but I think that Robert Harbin, before his father's death in 1639, 
lived near Wells. Margaret King is not mentioned in Robert 
Harbin's will in 1658." 


26o Somerstt <S* Dorset Notes 6* Queries, 

277. The pedigree of King of West Hall, Folke, is not 
carried back very far in Hutchins' History of Dorset^ and it may 
be interesting to some of your readers to ascertain whether the 
subject of this notice was an ancestor of that family. I refer to 
Richard King of the Inner Temple and afterwards of Sherborne, 
Esq., who possessed considerable property there. In 1638 he 
purchased a farm and lands at Preston, near Yeovil, and he must 
have been a gentleman of good social position, as it was conveyed 
to Sir John Strangways of Melbury, Giles Strangwavs his son and 
heir apparent, Robert Harbin the elder of Mudford, and Henry 
Seymer of Hanford, as trustees for him. His first wife was Edith, 
daughter of Sir Robert Seymer of Hanford, by whom he had a 
son John King, who may have been the John King who married 
in 1650 Eliz. Strangways. His second wife, to whom he was 
married in or before 1642, was Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Harbin. There was no issue of the second marriage, and John 
King, the son, succeeded to the estate on the death of his 
father, which happened about 1653. It was probably a son of 
this John King who presented to Wootton Glanvile in 1743. 
The parentage of Richard King could no doubt be ascertained 
by searching the admission books of the Inner Temple. 

The seal of Richard King to a deed in 1642 is impressed 
with these arms, ^ifesst lozengy {?) between three wotves sejant. These 
are not the arms attributed to King of Sherborne in Glover's 
Ordinary, neither are they the arms of King of West Hall. 

John Battbn. 

[John King married in 1650 Elizabeth, dr. of Nicholas 
Strangways, Esq., of Abbotsbury, and Ann his wife, dr. of Sir 
Greorge Trenchard. Her baptism is not registered at Abbotsbury^ 
although the baptisms of her brothers and sisters are recorded 
there. John and Elizabeth King are marked in the Strangways 
pedigree in Hutchins' Dorset, Vol. 11. p. 663, as having had issue. 

Editor for Dorset.] 

278. King Entries in the Stowell Register. — ^The 
following references to the name of King occur in the Register of 
Stowell, Somerset, previous to the beginning of the 1 8th Century. 
'575' Apl* 4' AgTiys, dr. of Davyd Kynge, bapt. 

1578. May 30. Laurence, son of do., bapt. 

1581. Mch. 10. Thomas Kynge, bur. 

1583. June 4. Wyllyam Kinge, bur. 

1584. May 4. James Chaunte and Alyce Kynge, mar. 

1585. — 4. John, s. of John Kynge, bapt. 
1589. Aug. 13. Wyllyam, s. of do., bapt. 

1592. Oct. 27. Hector, s. of do., bapt. (bur. 23 Nov. 1592.) 

1594. Aug. 7. Faythe, dr. of do., bapt. (bur. 11 Aug. 1594.) 

1592. Apl. 30. Wyllyam Browne and Elizabeth Kynge, mar. 

1593. Aug. 18. Edyth Kynge, bur. 

Sanursii S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 


1597. May 13. Davyd Kynge, bur. 

1597. July 28. Laurence Kynge and Luce Chaunte, mar. 
1597/8. Jany. 11. Lnce, wyfe of Laurence Kynge, bur. 
'597/8. jany. 15. Eden Kyng, wyfe of John King, bur. 

' 597/8- Jany. ao. Edytn Kynge, wydowe, wyfe of Davyd 

Kynge, bur. 
'597/8. Feb. 17. Margery, wife of Thomas Kinge, bur. 
'597/8. Feb. 25. Alyce Kynge, bur. 

1598. Aug. 30. Richard, s. of Mary Kyng, bapt. 
1598. May 8. John Kynge and Mary James, mar. 

1598. Sept. 29. Thomas Kinge, and Ellinor Kennison, mar. 

•598/9. Jany. 28. Stephen, s. of John and Mary Kinge, bapt. 

1 600/1. Feb. 10. Laurence, s. of do., bapt. 

1603. Sept. 9. Idithe, dr. of do., bapt. 

1603. June 12. John, s. of Laurence and Agnes Kinge, bapt. 

1605. Aug. 28. Thomas Kinge died, 

1 63 1. Feb. I. Marie Kinge died. 

1637. Nov. 10. Agnes, dr. of John and Agnes Kinge, bapt. 

1654. Nov. 26. Laurence Kinge, bur. 

1656. Dec. 12. Ann King died. 

H. J. Poole, Stowell Rectory. 

379. Dorset administrations. — Continued, — (IL ix. 10, 
X. 49, xi. 78, xii. 113, xiii. 150, xiv. 178, xv. 217, xvi. 242, IIL xvii. 8, 
xviii. 57, xix. 94, xx. 151, xxi. 183, xxii. 233.) 

June, 1636 to 1638 {continued). 

Vblio. Nun* of Dmmm<L 
118 Hall, Edward 

59 Hawles, Edmond 

317 Henley, Robert 
92 Henley, William 
136 Hodges, Thomas 

159 Keat, Thomas 
ti9 Langton, Robertt 

219 Laurence al's 

100 Legg, Walter 

50 Longe, Nicholas 
98 Lovell, Richard 

232 Lowman, George 

Oraatea & BelatloiiBhip Date of 

to Deceued. Administrntion. 

Dorothy Mullens al's Hall, 27 Oct., 1637 

Monkton up Elizabeth, relict 23 Feb., 1636 


Elizabeth, relict 17 Oct., 1638 

Frances, relict 26 Jane, 1637 

John Raymond of Brid- 5 Dec., 1637 
port, gent., kinsman and 
creditor, during minority 
of Martha and Mazy 
Hodges, children of de- 

Elizabeth, relict 12 Mar., 1637 

Ann Langton, sister 10 Oct., 1637 


Ljrme Regis 
Lyme Regis 


see Mannock 

Chetnold Hanibal Oke, of Sher- 22 July, 1637 

borne, yeoman, next of 
Shaston Joan, daughter 30 Jan., 1636 

West Knight- Bridgit, rdict 28 July, 1637 

Sturminster Alice, relict 14 Not., 1638 



Somerset <S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

FoUo. Name of Dmmm<L ParUh. 

167 Maber, Eustace Yeatminster 

J 19 Mannock al*8 Lattr- Stapleton 

ence, Francis 
231 Michdl, Bartholo- Compton 


5 Miller, John 
J 19 Miller, John 

^01 Orchard, Roger 
1 19 Paule, Giles 



5 Pinney, Roger 
80 Pitman, Jane, wid< 

159 Rose, Richard 

211 Rnsseli, Thomas 
219 Si>encer, Henry 

171 Stonrton, Francis 
170 Streete, William 
1 18 Studley, Giles, sen. 

82 Swetnam, John 

80 Waldron, John 

188 Wallis, Richard 

100 Watts, Paul 

195 Wilteshire, Edward Chardstock 

> Sturminster 




Our Mayne 
. Broadwinsor 


Allers Los- 
Owre Moigne 
South Perrott 

Orantet St B«ktionihip 

Ann Baker, wife of Rob- 
ert Baker, daughter, with 
consent of Grace, relict 

lliomas Mannock, son 

Thomas and Richard, 
brothers, during minority 
of Bartholomew and 
Agatha, children 

Benjamin, son 

Jane, relict 

Simon, son 

Giles Studley, gent., cred- 
itor; Alice, relict, re- 

Beatrice, relict, 

Agnes Rideat, mother 

Data of 
8 ApL, 1638 

24 Oct., 1638 
5 Oct, 1638 

21 June, 1636 
20 Oct, 1638 

13 Aug., 1638 
28 Oct., 1637 

16 Tune, 1636 
31 May, 1637 

Edith, relict 

Edward, brother 
Joane, relict 

Elizabeth, relict 

Richard, brother 

(riles, gen., son ; Joan, re- 
lict, renouncing 

Lucy, relict. Letters of 
March, 1634, revoked 

John, son 

9 Mar., 1637 

7 Sep., 1638 
18 Oct., 1638 

27Apl., 1638 

27 A|rf., 1638 

28 Oct., 1637 

30 May, 1637 
3 May, 1637 

332 Wright, Eleanor Meloombe 

211 Wright, Francis East Wood- 

Katherine, relict 

Thomas, brother 

John Bowditch, sen., uter- 
ine brother; Thomazine 
Wilteshire, mother, not 
having fullv administered. 
Former letters Oct., 

Margaret Leight al's 
Wright, wife of Laurence 
Leight, daughter 

Elizabeth Tones al's 
Wright, wife of Robert 
Jones of city of Oxford, 

1639 and 1640. 

49 Abbott, Catherine, Corscombe 
3 Bastard, William Horton 
II Bealey, John Sherborne 

ThomasHutchins ofBroad- 
waye, yeoman, brother 

Eleanor, relict 

Hugh Hodges, gen., cred- 
itor; •* Flower" relict, 
not administering 

28 June, 163S 
16 July, 1637 
22 Aug., 1638 

19 Nov., 1638 
12 Sep., 1638 

20 June, 1639 

21 Jan., 1638 
II Feb., 1638 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 263 

Grantee ±, ReUttSoniliip Date of 

Folio. Ntme of Peeeaied. PuUh. to Oeceued. Adminlstratioii. 

I Beard, Walter Milton Abbas John TregonweU, senior, 21 Jan., 1638 

of Anderston, arm., cred- 
97 Bennett, John, sen. Shaston St. son, and Matthew 16 Jan., 1639 

James Greene, creditor; Mary, 

relict, renouncing 
19 Brewer, John, Athelhamp- Bridget, relict 12 Mar., 1638 

knight ton 

119 Bryne, William Soatham al's Edith, relict 11 Apl., 1640 

S2 Cade. John Eastover Arminelle, relict 23 Mar., 1638 

119 Cheeke, John Wareham Richard Bury and Thomas 7 Apl., 1640 

DashVood, creditors ; 
Mary, relict, renomidng 
i4Chipp, Joan Piddletowne William Smith, creditor 21 Feb., 1638 

77 Codce, Richard Folke George Cocke of Alsing- 18 Oct., 1639 

ton, Devon, yeoman, 
112 Cole, John Milton Abbas Mary, relict 14 Mar., 1639 

39 Cooke al*s Rey- Charminster Thomas Cooke al's Rey- 6 May, 1639 
nolds. Amy, spin- nolds, nephew 

126 Croke, John, Motcombe John, arm., son, with con* 27 May, 1640 

knight sent of Dame Rachel, re* 


89 Dare, George Wotton Edith, relict 17 Dec, 1639 


90 Davie, William L3mie Regis William, son 9 Dec, 1639 
84 Demmott, Richard Stoke Abtwtt Henry Cooper, gardian to 10 Nov., 1639 

Robert, son of deceased 
119 Dowdinge, Alice, Longham Roger Wilsted, of Milton 28 Apl., 1640 
widow Abbas, ^ent., nephew on 

sister's side 
126 F^«ake, George, Sherborne, John Walcott, creditor 20 May, 1640 
arm. died at Ligh 

Court, Wor- 
49 Fry, Christopher Hinton Mar- Alice, relict 14 June, 1639 

169 Gammon, Thomas Lyme Regis Richard, son 4 Dec, 1640 

83 Glisson, Walter, MamehuU William Peyton, elk., 14 Nov., 1639 
cler. rector of Fryeminge, 

Essex, during minority, 
and with consent of Mazy, 

126 Greene, John Winfrith Roger Clavell and Eliza- 25 May, 1640 

Newborough beth his wife, sister of 

8jL Hann, Philip Dalwood Alice, relict 11 Nov., 1639 

38 Hart, Alice, widow Bloxworth Anthony Trcwe and Anne 5 May, 1639 

his wife, niece on sister's 


127 Haskall, Mark GiUingham Melior, relict 4 May, 1640 
86 Humfrey, Margaret Canford Adlington Hum&ey, bro- 17 Dec, 1639 

Magna ther 

76 Hyatt, Thomas Dorchester Joane, relict 15 Oct., 1639 

273 James, Charles Sturminster Joane, relict 19 Dec, 1640 


SotHitset &* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Folio. Nai^e of Dtotutd. 
89 ToUiffe, John 
22 Lambert, Thomas 

Oniitet ft BtlatioMhip 


Stower. East Catherine, relict 
Hinton Mar« Grace, relict 

135 Lockyer al*s Log- Broadwynsor Thomas, son 
gett. Tames 
6 Maber, George Stafford 
40 Mehnoth, Berry- Poole 

Bridget, relict 
Margery, widow, mother 

153 Mitchell, William Sherborne 
38 Morgaine, Thomas Tarrant 

Zoroba- Tarrant 

I Monltns, 
bell, der. 
68 Mullens, Sarah 

39 Mnnden, John 
41 Norris. Thomas 

47 Notley, Matthew 

84 Pynney, William 
39 Reynolds al's 
Cooke, Amy 
69 Rose, Heniy 

108 Russell, Jasper 

100 Scutt, Benjamin 
165 Scatt, John 

49 Spencer, Henry 

29 Stagg, William 

Lyme Regis 

J'ane, daughter 
Elizabeth, relict 

Mary, relict 



9 Dec., 1639 
SI Mar., 1638 

9 June, 1640 

12 Jan., 1638 

13 May, 1639 

s8 Sep., 1640 
29 May, 1639 

21 Jan., 1638 

Bridget Rowe of Shob- 23 Sep., 1639 
brook, Devon, widow, 
Maperton Agnes, relict 1 1 May, 1639 

Mouncton up Robert,brother(Will regd. 8 May, 1639 

Wymborne 95 Harvey) 
Chantmorrell Susan Munden, 
John, brother 

see Cooke 



widow, 20 June, 1639 
23 Nov., 1639 

John brother 

Thomas (rallies of Cors- 

oombe, yeoman, creditor. 

East Stoke Alice, relict 

Tmgleton.died Edmund Strode and Joane 

atWymbome his wife, daughter of de- 

29 Sep., 1939 

7 Mar., 1639 

6 Feb., 1639 
9 Nov., 1640 




90 Streete, Nicholas 
X47 Thome, Francis 
7 Thome, John, der. Randsome 

58 Vyne, Richard Wareham 
161 Wallys, Thomas 

7 White, John 
47 Willettjjoan 

15 Wynisse, George 
120 Young, Thomas 




died abroad 


Henrv, son ; Toane, relict, 7 June, 1639 
not having rally adminis- 
tered (former grant Oct., 
Jane, relict 19 Apl., 1639 

William, son 23 Dec., 1639 

loan, relict 11 Aug., 1640 

Catherine, relict 18 Jan., 1638 

Mary, relict 31 July. 1639 

Thomas Wallv^, senior, 20 Oct., 1640 

unde and creoitor 
Mary, relict 
Frances Jeanes, sister, 

wife of Richard Jeanes, 

husbandman, of Mel- 

combe Horsey 
Anne, relict 

7 J' 

an., 1638 
une, 1639 

2 Feb., 1638 

John Young, senior, of 15 Apl., 1640 
Child Ockford, brother 

Geo. S. Fry. 

{To be continued.) 


Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 265 

280. Notes from Burnham, Somerset. — ^Extracts from a 
small MS. book bound in vellum, inscribed "William Hardwidgcr, 
now Richard Hardwidge, Owner, 1772." It contains entries of 
current events, of marriages, deaths, and burials of persons at 
Burnham and neighbourhood, and of contracts entered into with 
servants. A selection is made of such as appear to be of general 

*<The Post came in to Sherbom the 28th Deccem. 1728 at 10 a Clock at 
Night, and at Somerton at one the next day. 

The Post came in to Sherbom the 30th Decern, at Near Nine a Clock at 
Night, and to Somerton at Ten the next morning." 

Iron Axle for the tnrkey patt 1-2. 

What is a turkiy putt ? 

Among the entnes of marriages are these; ** JasKingto of Bath, 

13, 1825 Bishop of Rochester' son.*' 

" ' Jno. Allen of Burnham to Harriet Tuthill of Dinder Sept. 7, 181$ b y 
the Rev. Mr. Spratt. On a visit to Burnham B. TuthiU Father of the above 
Taken HI and Died on Oct. loth, 18 15 at Mr. Allen's, Buried at Huntspill on 
Monday i6th Inst. 


'<The fox and Goose Inn was Burnt Down August 13th, 1800 by the 
servant adden fewel to the fnmis." [This is a well-known Inn on the main road 
fipom Bristol to Bridgwater.] 

<*Jno. Burnett senr. I>epd. this Life May 17th, 1799 at Huntspill an 
Eminent Singer." 

<«Wm. Vicary of Congerbury was Drownd. in the parish of Burnham 
Januaiy 2ist, 1791." 

<• wm. Adflons senr. Departed this Life August loth, 1791. Lunacy and 
[ ? ] Virdict o Jury. 

Let it be Rememberd that the Dav of His Funeral Thunder, Lithig, Ram.*' 

*' Samuel Hartlis Departed this Life March 28th, 1792 Drowned, found 
April 14, 1792. 

*<Child of Thos. Boston and Ann his wife Drownd in the parish of Burnham 
to Keqp at Rh. lane Sheerstones June 4th, 1792." 

** Wm. An<lreMrs Depd. this Lafe August 2nd, 1798 By falling from a Cart 
DiSicaUd His Neck. Coroner's In<raest." 

** Edward Haberfield Departed this Life February ist or 2nd Coroner In- 
quest AHrdict Indimentsey of the weather found in S. Brent by Mr. Stone's 
Workman 1799." 

'* Mr. Jno. Grolden YicBi of Burnham Depd. this Life June 12th, 1798 one 
of ye Cannons of Wells. 

"John Lock Depd. this life by Sea in the Sloop Good intent Spiinng a Leak 
of Brean Down Drownd May 21st, 1799. 

Also Benjm. Allen son of Henry and Mary Allen at the same time as above." 

"John Wall. .Nov. 23rd, 1804 found Dead in Copple & Tar." 

Wm. Clothier's Mother Depd. this Life April 30U1, 1806 at Paradice, 

James Nothey, August 17, 1806 Drownd in ye sea. 

Gabriel Stone Esqr. of South Brent Depd. this Life August 4th, 1815. 
Buried at Wedmore [a well-known Somerset family.] 

Tos. Comer, Esq. of Brean Depd. this Life Sept. 12th, 1815. Buried at 

Elizabeth the wife of Jas. Stevens of Highbridge Inn Depd. this Life Nov. 
18, 1820 in ye morning. 

** Sloop Molly of Watchett Lost on ye Gore all hands Drownd two of ye 
crew was Buried at Burnham on ye 21st of Feby. 1823/4." 


266 Softiifset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Mr. James Jeffery of Huntspill Depd. this Life Feb. 26, 1823, he cut his 
thiought mth a Razor. 

Boy of ye Skooner ye friends Increas Buried at Bumham Dec 5, 1823. 

Captin of ye freends Increse in Dec 1823 found Drownd. 

Zachh. Weeks Gent of Long Ashton Dep. this Life Dec 19th, 1823 a truly 
honest Man. 

A. G. King Dep. this Life nth Jan. 1825, a truly Honest Man — a Great 
Cheese factor. 

Robt. Sheamey Depd. this Life Sep. 10 or 11, 1826 Stifeld in his bead 

Jas. Jeffery Esq. of Barten House Dep. this Life Oct. 26 1826 Emmeniant 

Dr. Henry Harden of Compton Bishop was buried at Bumham Fe^ 7, 

Lord Bishop of Rochester Vicar of Bumham Depd. this Life Febry. 20, 
1827. [Grandfather of thepresent Bishop of Lincoln.] 

Frances Daughter of Taos, and Jane Hembry Depd. this Life by the fall ot 
the Nessery on her which kild her on the Spot. March 4th, 1827. 

1827. March 28, Jas. Morse jr. 1828 Child of Fk. Palmer: Mch. 23rd, and 
Thos. Moor, July 29th, "found Drownd." 

Wm. Son ot Jn. Tames was Drownd at Highbridge River on 13th Dec. 1828. 

Martha Shippard Dep. this Life June 20, 1830 Bedridden 15 years in a 
Paralict seasur. 

Child of Benm. Kirton Drownd August 23 1820. 

On the 3rd day of Nov. 1830 Edward Olave was Kild in conceouence of a 
fight between him and James Bennett of the Parish of Huntspill in dimking at a 
Cyder House in the sd. Parish. 

A Man Stranger Drownd in Highbridge River nth March 1831. 

A man found Drownd on nth Sept. 1 83 1 Stranger. 

Ann Batten Depd. this Life Feb. 5th, 1833. this was the first Corps that was 
Carried through the new Gates of the Iron paling. 

Jno. Kinsey Butcher of N. Petherton Depd. this Life 17th April 1832 in 
conceouence from a fall from his Horse. 

1032 August 13th, A Man as was building the light House was precepitated 
from the top to the bottom and was kild on the spot. 

John son of Rev. Cox was Drownd near Bason Bridge on 29th July 1833. 
Buried in the Baptis Chappie at Highbridge on the Sunday following. 

Wm. Board Depd. tnis Life by faling from his Horse Coming from Weston 
Zoyland fair, 9th Septr. 1833. 

Child of Jas. and Sarah Brice Depard. this Life Nov. i^th^ 1834. Burned 
by Drink Boihng water fix>m ye Tea Kittle. 

In Dec. 1835 <^^ ^^g- 1836 two children burnt to death and one in 1838 
•* by her dose caut fier": and one in 1839. 

" Dr. Mills Depd. this life Deer. 28th, 1836, he came to Bumham for his helth 
from Bishop Lydeyard Surgeon. 

Mention of " Popels Bow." 

Child of Mr. and Mrs. Harris's Depd. this Life Feb. 27th, 1839 by Eating 
jioison wheat — was put for Rats. 

Mrs. Cripps daughter of Tudway Esq. Depd. this life August 19th, 1839 at 
Rev. C. H. Pulsford at Bumham. 

John, a Man working at the Rail Road Depd. this Life January 22nd, 1840. 

Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Adand of Taunton Drownd at Bumham 31st July 

Rev. David Davies Departed this life Deer. 13th, 1840 Vicar of Cliddesden 
in Hants Late Curat of Bumham for 22 years. 

Memorandum Judith Beaucham a Corps was Carried over the Bristol Bridg 
towards S. Brent 20th Feb. 1841. 

Rev. C. H. Pulsford Vicar of this parish Deptd. this Life at Wells March 
15th, 1841. 

Sonurut <S» Dorset NoUs S» Queries. 267 

In 1841, two were ''found drownd/' and one "found Dead in her bead.*' 

Jas. Nothey of Berrow Buried at Bumham August nth, 1842 Kild by 
fiering of a Gun orock his Blader and Bowles. 

A man from Yeovill in Bathing at Bumham was Drowned 19th of August 

Child of Triscom and wife departed this life Jan. 24th, 1843. the Father wis 
transpor for Sheep Stealing. 

Jas. Riscom jPooI Esq. of B. Water dep. this life Janiy. 28th, 1843. 

Wife of Mr. Swan Clark to highbridge Station Depd. this life April 20th, 

Sarah King wife of the Bishop of Rochester Dep. this Life Jan. 2xst, 1852. 

Dr. Thomas Sylvester was Killed by the Bumham Train passed over him 
and was Cut to pieces 7th Novemb^ 1859 Buried South Petherton. 

Francis Board Depd. this life by Crossing the line the Ingen Nockd him 
down and Depd. this lif this 12th of March 1847. 


The Revert Dr. King servd Bumham Took posession August nth, 1799 
the Last time and Read the Book of Articles insteed of a Sermon. 


The New River at Highbridge first begun Digging Sept. 9th, 1801. 

June 2nd, 1803 the firs found Dation Stone at Highbridge was Laid. 

Jambs Coleman. 

281. Inoculation for small-pox in Dorsbt. — It would 
be interesting to know to what extent inoculation for small-pox 
was practised in Dorset in the first half of the i8th century. It 
was certainly a precarious undertaking, and popular opinion 
against inoculation was strong enough to vent itself in the 
Sermons of the day. But it was a weighty undertaking from a 
pecuniary point of view also. I was struck with the following 
endorsement of a diary written by my forefather : — 
*' In this almanack is an account of my Son's and Miss Molly 
Tregon well's Innoculation 1743." 

This is the account referred to : — 

•* Memor : The seventeenth of January this year My Son and 

Miss Molly Tregonwell were both Inoculated by Mr. Goldwyer 

Surgeon of Blandford whose pay for the said inoculation was 

20 Guineas, the aforesaid Operation was performed on Monday 

the aforesaid 17th of January about three o'clock in the 

afternoon at Holwell. The small-pox came out on my Son the 

ninth and tenth days after he was Inoculated, but on Miss 

Molly not until the eleventh and twelfth days after. They both 

bred it very easy, and had it very light, and but a five days sort. 

My Son's arms threw off the discharge and got well where they 

were Inoculated in about three weeks after the small-pox was 

turned, but Miss Molly's arms continued the discharge for six 


The lady referred to in the extract was step-daughter to the 

writer of the Diary (Thomas Bartlett of Holwell in Cranbome) 

and afterwards became the wife of the Rev. Roe King of 

Winterborne Anderson, Dorset. [Vide III. xx. 148, page 140 J 


^ JTanK Jmbs J^ 

raamiT- HI. xriiL 67, xix. ii8» 

i4S^TsL sxm^ xcL sc^. — •*^*jot;. ffg.iKi:, what news thb 

^'* — ^Tlus 2ur CbsbH -mas m. $ireaft fivrourite 30 or 40 

MQ jt OiSttBL 31: Xnsii HHBtfHflHge , It was known as 

*^Tht OU CaBdEv*** ib£ aDwafs m» soBir int. The following 

DiCKKR, Winsford. 

■ ■ ^' ■ t-5 r J 1 r 1 

liMe-k-jA.Hal-le-li-j^Halfe-fai-}aIi, A-men. A- 

N ^ ' • ,^^V J. N * I I ■ 

wogygiffg-fiTT^ii r^ir^r'i 


leiiyHal - le • la - jah,Hal-le - la • jah,Hal-le • lu 



r — r 


la-jah,Hal4e- lu-jah,Hal-le - lu-jah,Hia4e • lu.jah,Hal-le • 

N J J >> I I h iN 




I I I 

J | 'VJ | J^-VJ."JTJ7^ 

M M a 

• la • jah, A • okeo, A • men, A • iiwn,Hal-k - li^)ah,Hal4e • In-jah, A* 










D I 




Q to 

as w 


04 (4 




So* • 





11 — I 




Si * 




^ > 


CO ^ 

^ I 





Somsrsfi £• Dorsst NoUs £• Qturits. 269 

283. The Burlakds of Stktking. — ^Thc pedigree which 
appears in this number is compiled from CoUmson's SawuneS 
and Hntchins* Dwrut^ with corrections and additions from private 
familj deeds and other sources. Deeds relating to the property 
onlj commence in 1 588, and Hutchins does not give anj authority 
for connecting the John of the fourteenth century with the John 
of the sixteenth. It is perhaps only a presumption, reasonably 
founded on the similarity of name and possession of lands in the 
same parish. The old manor house has not been occupied by the 
family for 150 years, and has degenerated into a farm house. 
Among the farm buildings are the ruins of a still older house of 
considerable size. The present arms are first found on a deed of 
1683, now in my possession. 


284. Notes on the Parish of Selwortht. 
I. The Church. — Coniimud (III. xxiL 227.) 

6. South aisle under East window. 

Heere lyeth jr« Body of Plullip Steynings 

Ye son of Chiries Stejnings of Hofaiioott Esq 

who died ye iith daye of Angnsti ye yeare 
Of Our Lord God 1634 of His age ye 6di 


Tliis Graves A Cradle where an Infitnt lies 
Ro<^ £ut asleep wth. Deathes sad InUabyts, 

7 . An Epitaph made in memonr of that worthy gentlewoman Mrs. Margarett 
Steynings Widdow who died ye Xtn day of March in ye year of Our Lord 1631 
and of Imt age ye 70(h. 

Verte ocolos qoiconqne Tenk panUsper et audi 

Ut repetant gemitns moesta sepnkhra snot 
Ah jacet hie jacet hie specioso stemmate nata 

Stemmate Pollardi nee generosa parum 
Talis erat dam vir^ fuit : Connnlna nomen 

Fecenmt Steynmgs. sic onoq dnlce jognm 
At Mors dirisit tamen hand ane conjuge conjnz 

Quae nnpta est Christo non vidnata manet. 

Ttmbk Stone keep well Tht dust tis of oeeat Peizb 
But oebatee faeee when feom thee rr shall eise. 

An account of this lady will be given further on in some notes 
on the Steyning familv. She was probably a member of the Kilve 
branch of the great West Country family of Pollard. 

8. Here lyeth | the body of I Antony | Steynings | ye sonne of | Charles 
Steynings of | Holn^cote | Esq : who died | ye 15th daye of | May in ye ycarc | 

of dnr Lord God | lojs and of his j age ye 4th yeare | 

9. Here lyeth the body of Cicele Stajrnings sometime the W3rfe of Chaiks 
Staynings of Holneycote £!samre by whom she had searen sonnet and siic 
daughters ; She departed this lyfe in the fiiyth of Christ the XXIth daye and in 
the 47th yeare of her age. 

Christ was to me both in lyfe and in deathe advantage. 
Here lires intoombed in dost together 
A tender sonne and loving mother. 

270 S<m&rs$t S» Dorset Notes &» Queries. 

la niilip Stenrnm Esquiere married onto Alice Ffrie daughter of Wflliam 
Frie of Membne£sqmerb]r whome he had nyne sonnes and &ye daughters departed 
this life the fiveteenthe daie of January in ye yeare of Our Lord Giod a thousand 
fire hundred fourscore and nyne. 

Egregias animi dotes vd munera mends, 
Si S{>ectes» si qui sit donis preditus istis. 
Nobilis est, (vere sunt nobilitatis oiigo.) 
Tunc vert dams fama et virtute Philippus 
Stenninges, qui daris ab avis sua steminata ducens 
.Aquavit semper nomen virtutibus amplum. 
Discite ab hoc uno, generosi, agnoscere Christum. 
Disdte ab hoc recti vivere, recti mori. 

If inwarde eifts of minde thou doe respecte 
If he iimobTed be that soe is decte 
For soe some saie true nobleness is got 
Then wdl may Philip Steninges have that lot. 
Who coming of most andent line and race 
Did ever eaual it with virtues ^race 
O leame or him all gentils Chnst on h!;;h 
O leame of him to hve and well to die. 

Pkosopopeia defuncti ad lectorem tetrasticon ejusdem. 

Etu nunc es jamdudum talis habcbat 
ego nunc sum, tu quoqtalis eris, 
uae semper memorare novissima vitae, 
Non moriere, aeo vivere certus eris. 

Such as thou art suthe one some tyme was I 
Such as I am shalte thou be tmeljre 
Remember still therefore thy endmge daye 
Thou shalt not die but live with God alwaie. 

The tradition holds in the parish that the beautiful South 
aisle of our Church in which the Steyning brasses are placed, was 
built at the sole expense of this ancient familv, who held the 
the manor of Holnecote from time immemorial, and who were 
possessed as well of large estates in Overstowey and other 
parishes. It is quite clear that they built for themselves a vault 
under the East End of the South aisle, and the relative position 
of the piscina to the floor appears to indicate that they raised the 
floor of the aisle in order to accomplish their purpose more 
satisfactorily. The family is now extinct in the direct line, but are 
represented through the female line by the Trevelyans of Nettle- 
combe Court. Amongst the Trevelyan papers are many letters 
from members of this family, and a pedigree going back four 
^fenerations from Philip Steynings. It is not however, quite a 
correct one. We hope later on to give an account of some of the 
more prominent members of this ancient and at one time in- 
fluential family, and a corrected pedigree. 

II. On the floor of the West end of the nave is a small 

•• Here lyeth the body of Judith Home deceased 26 June, 1632." 

The name of Home is connected with Selworthy parish from 
very early times. 











Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 271 

12. On the East wall of the North aisle we find the following 
brasses : — 

Robert Siderfin Gent: who died Jan: 20th, 17 14 aged 25. Walter Sider- 
fin Gent, who died March 21 173 1 aged 40. 

13. In memory of John Clarke of West Lynch in the parish of Selworthy, 
who departed this life 28 Feb : 1796 aged 90 years. 

14. In memory of Mary CUrke wife of John Clarke jmi : of West Lynch in 
the parish of Selworthy who departed this life 12th Jan : 1795 aged 48. 

These two last brasses were taken up during the Church 
restoration in 1875 from the floor of the middle aisle. These are 
all the brasses. 

Returning to the South aisle we find under the East window 

a stone with the following inscription, with a skull cut beneath it : 

Under here lyeth 

Mr. Courtenay Oram 

A.M. and Fellow of 

Caius College in Cambridge 

Who died the 14th day 
of Apiill AN«. Dom: 1687. 

{To be continued.) F. Hancock. 

[We take this opportunity of thanking Mr. Hancock for both 
the pictures in illustration of his articles. — Thb Editors.] 

285. Admissions to S. John's College, Cambridge, 
of natives of Dorset and Somerset, inter 1666-1715. 
1666. Samuel Saywell, of Pendridge (Pentridge), Dorset, 
son of Gabriel S., clerk : bred at Cranboume, admitted 
sizar, 5 April, set. 14. 
1673. Jambs Saywell, of Pendridge, Dorset, son of Gabriel 
Saywell, admitted sizar for his tutor and surety Mr. Say- 
well, 4 July, aet 1 6. 

1673. Benjamin Roy, co, Dorset, son of John Roy, " litteris 

institutus infra Dorset,'* admitted sizar 10 Oct., set. 19, 
(pensioner 27 Sept., 1676. Margin,) 

1674. Daniel Roy, of Dorchester, son of John Roy, deed- 

admitted sizar 30 May, set. 19. 

1676. John Ward, Exford, Somerset, son of John Ward, deed., 
bred at Arundel 1, admitted sizar 4 July, set. 19 : admitted 
into Trinity Hall, 2 July, 1675, ''et libere discessit." 

1678. Nicholas Shirborn, bom at Chelworth,* Somersetshire, 
son of Essex Shirborn, gent. ; school, Monmouth ; admitted 
sizar 31 May, set. 17, (formerly of Trin. Coll., Oxford.) 

•The Editor of the Admission Register, suggests 'Wilts • instead of « Som- 
erset,* but a pedigree of the Sherborne family, given in the Visitation of Here- 
fordshire, 1683, states that Essex Sherborne of Clearbrook, Pembridge, Here- 
fordshire, married Ann, dau. of John Cox of Charlwood, co. Somerset, and 
widow of Ric. Stone of Week. Possibly by Chelworth may be meant Charlwood. 

rChelworth is the older and more correct form of the name of Chelwood, a 
small parish in Somerset 8 miles south from Bristol. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

272 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

1680. William Wine, bora at Ransum (Rampisham) Dorches* 
ter, son of Richard Wine, clerk ; school, Dorchester, 
(Mr. Dolling); admitted sizar 20 May, set. 18. 

1687. Abraham Gatehouse, bora at Ashmore, Dorset, son of 
William G., gent.; school, Shirbarae, Dorset, (Mr. 
Curganven) ; admitted sizar 5 April, set. past 17. 

1689. Solomon Henden, bora at Marksbury, Somerset, son of 
William Henden, bailiff, {villici); school, Haverford, 
(Mr. Williams) ; admitted sizar 24 June, set. 17. 

1697. I^obert Dennis, bora at Bristol, Somerset, son of Isaac 
Dennis, deed. ; school, Pocklington (Mr. Dwyer) ; ad- 
mitted sizar 28 May, set. 19. 

1697/8. William Kent, bora at Porlock, Somerset, son of 
Thomas Kent, gent., bred at Tiverton under Mr. Saund- 
ers ; admitted pensioner 2 Feb., set. 19. (Had a " bene 
discessit" from Sidney Sussex College.) 

1 700/1 . George Sydenham, bora at Laurence Lydiard, Somerset, 
son of Walter Sydenham, gent., bred at Tiverton under 
Mr. Saunders, adm. pensioner 18 Feb., "annos agens 24." 

1701/2. Joseph Harbin, born at Trent, Somerset, son of John 
Harbin, Schoolmaster; school, Dorchester (Mr. Place) ; 
admitted pensioner 16 March, set. 16. 

1703. Rowland Simpson, born at Bath, Somerset, son of 
Robert Simpson, clerk ; school. Bury (Mr. Leedes) ; 
admitted pensioner 24 May, set. 17, 

1706/7. John Pbtvin, bora at Haselbery, Somerset, son of 
John Petvin, husbandman ; school, Crewkerne (Mr. 
Leaves) ; admitted sizar 21 Feb., set. 16. 

1707. George Stibbs, bora at Bath, Somerset, son of John 
Stibbs, maltster; school, Marlborough, (Mr. Hildrop); 
admitted pensioner from Oxford (S. John's) 20 Sep., 
" annos agens 20." 

1709. William TowELL, bora at Sanford Brett, Somerset, son 
of Thomas Towell, gent. ; bred at Tiverton under Mr. 
Raynor; admitted sizar 29 June, aged 18. 

1711. John Dyer, bora at Combe, Somerset, son of Robert 

Dyer, woollen draper ; bred at Tiverton under Mr. Ray- 
ner; admitted pensioner 1 Aug., set. 17. 

1 7 12. George Nicholas, born at Manston, Dorset, son of 

Philip Nicholas, ** cognitoris* ; " school, Shaftesbury, 
(Mr. Andrews) ; admitted sizar 13 Dec, set. 17. 
1714. Henry Newbery, bora at Dowley (? Dowlish), Somerset, 
son of Robert Newbery, husbandman ; bred at Ilminster ; 
adm. sizar from Wadham Coll., Oxford, 15 May, set. 20. 

Charles J. Robinson, Horsham Vicarage, Sussex. 

^Cognitor might mean an attorney, or, possibly, an excise or other inspector. 
As the word has puzzled the editor, one wonld like to have the point settled. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 273 

286. Somerset River-Names (Ancient). 
Alum rising in W. Cranmore, giving names to Higher and 
Lower Alham, and Alhampton, and joining the Brue at Alford. 

[Authority for Name. 

(i) Saxon Boundaries of Batcom be manor, Dugd.Mon. 1. 55. 

(2) Feet of Fines, Somt. Record Soc. vi. 172.] 

Camel (i) rising near Gamely and joining the Avon near 
Freshford, giving names to Gamely and Camelarton now Gamerton. 

Camel (2) rising near Maperton and joining the Yeo, giving 
names to East and West Camel. Sutton Montis, abutting on the 
stream, was also known as Sutton Came/. See Somt. Record 
Soc. I. 79. 

DouLTiNG rising at Doulting and joining the Brue near 
Meare, giving name to Dulting-cote (now Dulcote) in the parish of 

[Authority. Saxon Boundaries of Pilton, printed in Som. 
Arch. Soc. Pro. 1884. Part II, p. 18.J 

N.B. — This stream has been mis-named /he Sheppy in the 
New Ordnance Survey. 

Wring (now called Yeo) flowing through Wrington and 
Congresburv into the Severn. ' 

[Authority. Saxon Bounds, A.D. 904, printed in Preb. 
Scarth's His/ory of Wring/on ^ Somt. Arch. Proc. 
1887, p. 17.1 
Wring probably=Hrin = Rhine an open cut or drain. 

WiNCALE. The Stream which gave name to Wincanton, 
formerly spelt Wincalton, and Wincaunton. See charter in 
Kemble's Codex Dtp/oma/icus, Vol. Ill, p. 445, describing 
bounds of an estate granted in 956 to Shaftesbury Abbey. Two 
streams are mentioned, the Wincawel and the Gawel, but from the 
uncertainty of the descriptions, especially of the starling-point, it 
is impossible to lay down their respective courses. The pre- 
sumption is that the Gale was the Western branch contributed 
from Holton, the Wincale that which has been called the Gale 
since the distinctive name was dropped. 

WiNT. Can any one give evidence of this name being 
attached to the s/ream as well as to the basin^ in which Winscombe, 
Wint-hill, and Winterhead lie? 

It is "worth noting in this connection, that 

(1.) The word "Pill" is found in Saxon boundaries, denoting 
inland rills which could never have been saltwater creeks. 

(2.) That " Lake" in Somerset always means running water. 

274 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

(3.) That the graduation of water courses in the Moors seems to 
have been as follows : 

Pill or Lake. 

Rhine or Rheen. 


(4.) That '* Yeo " seems to have worked its way inland to the 

displacement of the original. tj 

287. Sambornb Family. — ^The American Sambome family 
began with one whose Christian name is unknown, who married 
about 1618-20 Anne Bachiler, born 1601, daughter of the Rev. 
Stephen Bachiler, a disestablished clerg3rman of Hampshire. 
Mr. Bachiler was bom in 1560, was B.A. of St. John's College, 
Oxford, in 1586, and was Rector of Wherwell, Hants, from 1588 
to 1605. The first record of his daughter Anne is in 1631, when 
she was granted leave to go to Flushing '' xzv Junii 1631, Ann 
Sandbum, age 30 years, widowe resident in y^ Strand, vrss. 
Vlishing (Q.R. Mel. 560-22.) 

In 1632, Ann Samborne and her three sons, John, William 
and Stephen, sailed from London to America with Rev. Stephen 
Bachiler on the ship *' William and Francis," and in 1638 the 
family settled in Hampton, N.H., where Mr. Bachiler was the 
first pastor. John Sambome was bom in 1620, William about 
1622 and Stephen about 1624. 

In the latter part of the i6th century and the early part of 
the 17th century, a family of Sambomes was living in Somerset- 
shire, Dorsetshire and Hampshire, from which it seems probable 
the American family sprang. This family originated with 

John Samborne of Timsbury, Somt, mar. dau. of Lisle of 
Maiden Newton, Dorset, and had issue. 

I. John, m. dau. of Willoughbie, and had six sons, one of 
whom was Sir Baraaby Sambome, b. i56o,matr. Magdalen 
Coll., Oxford, 1577, knighted 1603, d. c6io. 

II. Nicholas, b. June i, 1529. 

III. Anne, b. Oct. 25, 1533. 

IV. Jane, b. Oct. 15, 1540. 
V. Francis, b. March, 1543. 

VI. Richard, b. May 8, 1544. 

VII. Swithin, b. B.A., Magdalen Coll., Oxford, 1570, 

M.A. 1573. Rector of Timsbury, 1579. 
The arms of this family were, — Argeni, a chevron sable between 
3 mulleis gules pierced or. The pedigree is given in Visitation of 
Somerset^ 1623 (Harleian Society) and Visitation of London^ 1687 
Genealogist, Vol. I, pp. 218-9.) 

Rev. Stephen Bachiler, as I have said, was Rector of Wher- 
vell until 1605, and after that preached at Barton Stacey, Hants, 
a few miles East of Wherwell. Within a few miles from both 
iStyeat places lie the parishes of Grateley and Upper Clatford, 

Somersit S» Dorset Notss S» Queries. 275 

Hants, and in the Oxford Register (Foster's Alumni Oxonienses) 
I find the following entries : — 

James Sambome of Southants, gent., Matr. Magdalen Hall, 
1592, aet. 16.B.A., 1595. Rector of Grateley, 1604, and 
of Upper Clatford, Hants, 1610, father of 

Thomas Sambome^ Oxford, 1623, Rector of Clatford, Hants. 

Thus James Sambome, above mentioned, was bom in i576,and 
I assume him to have been the son of Richard, born 15431 ^^^ ^^^ 
of John Sambome of Timsbur>'. This is a pure assumption, but 
the fact that so many Sambornes were at Magdalen Hall at so 
nearly the same time argues a close connection. While only a 
surmise, is it not likely that the Sambome who married Anne 
Bachiler was a son or younger brother of Rev. James Samborne ? 
Both Sambome and Bachiler were Oxford men, clergymen, and 
lived within a very few miles of each other: and Stephen 
Bachiler, son of Rev. Stephen, was matriculated in 1610 from 
Magdalen College, the college where six Sambornes were 
matriculated between 1570 and 1661. 

Perhaps the records of Grateley or Clatford would show 
something, or the wills of some of these Hampshire Sambornes. 
Cannot some English brother genealogist find the clue to the 
origin of the American family ? 


288. Destruction of Crowcombb Church Spire. — In 
his History of Somerset (lU. 516) Collinson states that on the 
embattled tower of Crowcombe Church "formerly stood an 
octagonal spire, which, on the 21st of December, A.D. 1725, was 
beat down by lightning." The following interesting report of the 
occurrence is taken from an Exeter newspaper — The Postmaster^ 
of Jan. 8th, 1725. 

"ExoN. We have the following remarkable Account from 
Crocomb in Somersetshire^ viz.: — ^That on Sunday the 20th post, 
between Two and Three of the Clock in the Aftemoon, whilst the 
Bell was summoning the Parishioners to Divine Service, and not 
a few of the Congregation waited the Revd. ^Minister's Coming, 
some being seated in the Church,and others in the Church Porch ; — 
a very terrible Lightning, attended with a most frightful clap of 
Thunder (more loud than a Peal of Ordnance), attacked the said 
Building. It appeared to the exteriour Spectators as if a vast 
Number of Fire-balls were shot against the Steeple ; which was 
shock'd and split in such a strange manner, that the light now 
penetrates thro' the Crevices between the Stones in every Square 
or Panel. A large Stone, of 20olb. Weight, from between the 
Battlements of the Tower and the Steeple, was forcibly lifted over 

• {Brother of the Revd. Mr, R. Farthing of Ottery St. Mary, in our County of 

276 Somerut S» Dorut Notes 6* Queries. 

the Battlements (which are advanced about 5 feet higher than the 
place where the said Stone was fixed), and thrown in^o the Church- 
yard. The t strong Timber which supported the Great Bell, 
which then was tolling, was broken in Pieces, so that the Bell 
itself fell down ; and the window nearest to it was struck quite 
out, and shattered into innumerable Bits, which fell on the Ground 
about 20 yards distant from the Tower. The Belfry-Window, 
being built of Stone, was smitten with such force, that the broken 
Splinters fiew as thick as Hail all about the Church and Chancel. 
The South Window of the Chancel was also much wrent and 
shattered ; from which a very ponderous Stone falling upon the 
Communion-Rail, broke it; and from thence glancing on the 
Frame of the Communion Table, destroyed that in like manner. 
The East Window of the Church was likewise much shock'd and 
defac'd, and a Hole struck right thro' the wall, 3 feet thick, under 
the same. The Outside of the Church is much damaged in various 
Places, and near Half of the Dial-plate of the Clock broken off. 
The Weather-Clock [sic] also is much burnt, and in part broken. 
Many of the People were struck down ; but thro' God's Mercy 
received no great Damage. It was a good Providence that the 
Minister was not as yet come to the Church, or it is venr probable 
some might have incurred Danger, if not Loss of Life.' 

T. N. Brushfibld, M.D., Salterton, Devon. 

289. Lathyrus Tuberosus, Linn. —This, not common pea, 
I found on 13th June last, growing wild near Chelvey. I only 
noticed one small patch of it, which was then coming into flower. 
It was not in the neighbourhood of any garden, or dwelling-house. 
I do not know whether it has been found before in Somersetshire. 
Essex and Lincolnshire are the only two habitats given by 
Sowerby in his Botany. 


290. FiTTAHOT (III. xxii. 251.) — Is uot the *a' in this 
word a badly formed 'c' ? Fittchot used to be a word in ordinary 
use for the foumart or polecat. 


291. Lady O'Loonby's Burial Placb (III. xxi. 194, 
xxii. 257.)— The epitaph of Mrs. Jane Molony, which has long 
been current in a mutilated form as that of" I ^dy O'Loonev, *' 
and was supposed to be at Pewsey in Wilts, exists (or existed in 
1 877) in the chapel of St. George's Burying Ground in London, and 
was transcribed at the last mentioned date by the Rev. T. F. 
Ravenshaw, rector of Pewsey, who published it in his delightful 
book oi*' Aniienie Epiiaphes'' (London : Joseph Masters & Co. : 
1878.) — The real epitaph is much too long to Reinserted here, but 
the fact that Mrs. Molony's mother was "cousin to the Rt. Honble. 

t The Beam (I suppose.) 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes <&• Queries, 277 

£dmond Burke commonlv called the Sublime whose bust is here 
surmounted or subjoined," and that Mrs. Molony was "hot, 
passionate and tender, and a highly accomplished lady and a 
superb drawer in water-colours which (sic) was much admired in 
the exhibition room in Somerset House some years past,'* and 
that she was "beloved and deeply regretted by all who knew her 
for of such is the kingdom of heaven," is set forth with many 
other amusing absurdities in that delectable litUe book. The 
date of the epitaph is somewhat startling : it is that of January, 


aga. Stoke Trister, Somerset (III. xxi. 236)— Warner 
in his book entitled Topographical Remarks relating to the 
South-Western Parts of Hampshire (I. 140) thus describes a 
kind of hunting callecl Traist or Trista : " A wide and extensive 
plain was sought out, surrounded entirely by a wood, which 
was barricaded on all sides, excepting certain openings in 
particular spots, to permit the ingress or egress of the game. A 
mound or eminence was raised (if there were no natural Knoll) in 
this area ; in such a situation as to command a view of the game, 
and give the person placed on it an opportunity of discharging 
his arrows at it. Here the king stood ; the beasts were driven 
into the area, and the dogs sent after them. Such as passed near 
the ambushed monarch were destroyed by him. Those which 
attempted to escape through the openings before mentioned, were 
torn down by the dogs or mtercepted by the attendants stationed 
there for that purpose." The author gives references to Decern 
Scrip, vol. I. p. 367, and to Du Fresne's Glossary under the word 
Trista, and adds that this mode of hunting was practised by princes 
in Germany at the time at which he wrote (1793). 


ags. Dorsetshire Dorsers (HI. xx. 137, xxi. 208-9, xxii. 
246-8.)— While this subject is still before the readers of •?. 6» D. 
N. & Q., it may be well to record that the use, if not of the 
name, yet of the appliance itself survived into the forties. I well 
remember that up to that epoch one or more bakers at Dorchester 
carried round their bread entirely in dorsers, i.<. panniers slung 
on a horse*s back. The man or boy rode the horse ; and it 
seems to me that this riding must have been an art, a now 
forgotten art, of itself. It was a risky business to take a deep ford 
with panniers. A baker^s boy was thus drowned at Frome 
Whitfield ford, just outside Dorchester, about 1838, as far as I can 
recall the date. In those times there was another use of dorsers, 
now unknown to me. On a farm at or near Bincombe, I used to 
see a long string of donkeys carrying manure on to the land in 

278 Somerset <S- Dorset Notes 6» Queries. 

wooden 'dorsers.* They went to and fro, between yard and field, 
in orderly file, entirely alone. Of course a man awaited them at 
each end of the march to load and unload, respectively. 

H. J. MouLE. Dorchester. 

294. Arms of Rogers, Roche, Arundsll. (Ill.zzii. 264.) 
— If A. J. T. will refer to Yeatman's ''History of House 0/ Arunder 
he will find much about Eva Roche (daughter of Richard Roche), 
who was living in 1 2 £d. L, and was the wife of Sir Ralf de 
Arundel, Lord of Treloy and Sheriff of Cornwall in 1 260. Accord- 
ing to the pedigree at p. 214 of the above book. Sir Nicholas 
Arundel of Trerice was great-great-grandson of Odo de Arundel, 
brother of Sir Ralf. 


295. Armorial Bearings at Chelvey. — On the porch of 
Chelvey Court, Somerset, are the arms of Tynte, impaling 3 paleis. 
Whose are these arms? I can see nothing to designate the_ 
tinctures. ( Ay^^-^i i ' ^"^ <.^.^U ri^'h-,..: r,ff a ..c". .-<:; :^^-'''^''/' 

In the N. Wind6w adjoining the pulpit of Chelvey Church, 
there are some old stained glass armorial bearings. Gules, 3 bars 
argent, within a hordure of the last; impaling. Argent on a fess 
sable, between 3 bulls* heads cabossed gules, armed or, a crescent or. — 
Pap worth, at p. 45 of his ** Ordinary of British Atmorials^^ gives 
as the arms of Choke, ''Gules, 3 bars wavy arg: within a bordure 
of the tasty It is possible that the lead work of the glass may 
conceal the wavy edge of the bars. At p. 47 of the 1623 *' Visit- 
ation of Somerset,'* published by the Harleian Society, one of the 
quarterings of Harvy of Brockley is, "Ar^nt, a fess sable between 
3 bulls* heads cabossed, gules. [Bodimant.J" The inference may 
fairly be drawn from the crescent on the fess, that the arms are 
those of a descendant of a 2nd son of some head of the Bodimant 
family. I cannot find any reference to the Bodimants in Collinson*8 
History, or elsewhere. Can any one supply information about 
them, or about these armorial bearings ? 


296. Quarterings in Gorges Coat of Arms. — In 
Vol. III. p. 159, of Collinson's History of Somersetshire, the third 
quartering in the above coat is described as, ** Gules, a lion rampant 
argent, Mowbray." Is not this quarter the arms of Ouldhall ? 
Walter Gorges married the daughter and heiress of William 
Ouldhall (vid. p. 157). Papworth, at p. 78 of his Ordinary, gives 
** Gu, a lion rampant erm.** as the arms of Oldehall, but gives no 
authority. If the tinctures were imperfect through decay, it was 
easy for Collinson to suppose the lion to be argent, instead of 
ermine. Judging from his mistake as to the arms of Englowes, it 
is to be inferred that the tinctures must have been imperfect. 

Somerset 6- Dorset Notes S* Queries, 279 

The ermine spots are, however, not carved upon the lion the same 
as the ermines are carved on the charges on the arms of Englowes, 
on the stonework coat of arms over the fire-place in Chelvey Court. 
Collinson describes the 4th quartering in the Gorges coat, 
thus ; " Argent t a chevron between 3 caters on the dice, sadle, 
Englowes." In Burke's Armory (1884) the arms are thus given ; 
•* Englowise. Ar. a chev, sa, hetw, three billets ermines, (Another, 
Sa. guttle d*eauy^ In Chelvey Court, where the Gorges coat of 
arms appears, carved in stone over one of the fire-places, the 
chevron, as well as the billets, is ermines. The ermines there are 
represented in stone, and not in paint, so that it cannot be an 
error of renovation. The billets are very substantial, and nearly 
square, and in this instance have each 5 markings on them to 
represent the ermines, so that Collinson's "dice" were thrown 
again, and turned up cings at Chelvey Court. C. H. Sp. P. 

297. Edmond Goddard. — EdmondGoddard, son of Walter 
Goddard of Bradford Bryan, married Ann, daughter of John 
Machan of Paulet, Somerset, in whose will (dated Nov. 26, 1591) 
he is mentioned : Wanted, the will of Edmond Goddard and any 
information respecting him. Please reply to 

W. C. G. Goddard, Brentwood, Salisbury. 

298. Wills at Wimborne Minster. — In Hutchins' *Z>orset* 
3rd Ed., III. 197, occurs the following paragraph ; — 

"In the old Wills still existing [presumeably 1868 about] 
in the custody of the Churchwardens there are frequent bequests 
to the Church." Then follow what appear to be extracts from a 
few of the Wills. 

Can any one inform me if these Wills are now in existence, 

and whether a list of them is to be obtained and to whom to apply? 

E. A. Fry, 172, Edmund St., Birmingham. 

299. Chilcott of CO. Dorset. — Can you help me to learn 
something more than the Oxford Matriculation Register tells me 
of the parentage of Christopher Chilcott, who was admitted (as of 
Magdalen Hall), 13 July, 1683 ? He is described as i8years of age 
and son of Robert Chilcott of Bymister, co. Dorset. " pleb." 
Unfortunately the Registers of Beaminster Parish were, I am told, 
destroyed some years ago and no monument to any member of the 
family, so far as I can learn, is to be found in the Church. 
Christopher Chilcott was B.A. 1687 and M.A. 1690, and in 1692 
became Vicar of Tintagel, Cornwall, iwhere he died in 1726, — his 
wife Hannah having predeceased him in 1705. One daughter 
bore the fanciful name of Clorenda, and from the Vicar descended 
the Cornish giant, Chilcott. But it is in his antecedents rather 
than in his descendants that I am interested, and hitherto I have 
failed to find a place for him among the Chilcotts of Stogumber 
or Carhampton. Charles J. Robinson. 

[The name of Chilcot occurs in the Register of Abbotsbury, 

a8o Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Dorset, where Mary, dr. of Mr. William Chilcot was baptised 
loth Dec, 1665; Mrs. Mary, wife of Mr. William Chilcot, was 
buried 2nd Feb., 1669/70; and Mr. William Chilcot buried 6th 
Nov., 1691. — Editor for Dorsbt.] 

300. Dorset Smugglers (II. xiii. 149, xiv. 187, xvi. 261, 
III. xviii. 60, xxii. 228.) — When at Shillingstone some 6 years ago, 
I was told by an old inhabitant of that village of a noted smuggler 
named Fry, of Eweme, upon whom, dead or alive, a price was set 
by the Government. My informant told me that he once gave 
Fry, who was a relative of his. a ride from Blandford, and that on 
the way the smuggler shewed him a bullett-hole in his body 
received during some fray with the Revenue Officers. Fry 
eventually escaped to France. This happened, I should think, 
some 60 or 70 years ago. 

Can T. W. W. S. give me any information about this Fry, or 
refer me to any newspaper in which his exploits are recorded ? 
Geo. S. Fry, Inglewood, 

Upper Walthamstow Road, Walthamstow. 

30X. Cross and Pile. — Jeremy Taylor, (Dissuasive from 
Popery, chap. I. section ii.) has "The Council of Basil decreed for 
the Council against the Pope ; the Council of Lateran under Leo X 
decreed for the Pope against the Council. So that it is Cross 
and Pile ; and whether for a penny, when it can be done ; it is now 
a known case, it shall become an article of faith." 

Can anv reader help me along the road to understand this ? 
Webster, sw verb. Pile, takes me some, but no great way. 

Charles E. Seaman. 

\Cross and Pile is a well-known expression, meaning heads 
and tails : it refers to the sides of a coin, e.g. Uie groat, one of 
which bore a cross, but what does the/i7f mean in this connection ? 

The Editors.] 

302. Winding Sheets.— I have been shown at Highbridge 
some old sheets used in laying out the dead ; they consist of a 
covering for the bolster with an ornamental Greek cross in each 
comer, a similar covering for the pillow with four crosses to match, 
a hanging to place at the head, and a covering ; all made of fine 
holland. The hanging and covering are edged with narrow 
hand-made lace, and down the middle of the covering is similar 
lace. I am told these sheets were lent to families, and that at the 
time of use candles were burnt, to keep away the cats. Is this a 
remnant of an old custom which is still observed in the laying out 
in state of persons of distinction ? J. Estens. 

303. HoLBURNE OF Menstrie Museum, Bath. — ^This 
museum was opened June ist last in a building formerly the 
Savings Bank, Charlotte Street. Admission Mondays, Wednesdays, 
and Fridays, 1/- each day, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, 
free. Hours each day, 1 1 a.m to 4 p.m. J. Estens. 

Sotmrsst S» Dorset Notes S» Queries. 281 

304. Somerset Dialect. (III. xx. 235.) — Mr. Rees- 
Mogg*s example of Somerset Dialect of the last century is very 
good, and goes to prove how little local dialects change in the 
course of years. It is difficult to trace the origin of many words 
current in the counties of the west and south-west. In some of 
the midland counties there is scarcely a word used by the peasantry 
which was not formerly the normal language of the educated 
classes, a fact fully demonstrated by the glossary of old Saxon 
words in Baker's History of Norihampionshire, In 1825 the late 
Mr. James Jennings published a little work on some of the 
dialects of the West of England, with examples, which have, with 
other ** Zummerzet Rhymes," been republished by Page of Bridge- 
water. The original volume by Jennings is now scarce. Then 
in 1873 the Rev. Pigott Williams in conjunction with Mr. William 
Arthur Jones, published a little work on the words and phrases of 
Somersetshire, with a short Introduction by Dr. R. C. A. Prior. 
All these are very good, and form a valuable feature in ihe 
Bibliography of Somersetshire. 

If your readers, however, want to read a scientific treatise on 
Somerset Patois, they should get that written by Mr. Elworthy 
in 1876, with the late Professor Freeman's and Prebendary Earle's 
comments thereon (S.A. and N.H.S. Proceedings, 1876). They 
will then see what a patois really means, and its influence on local 
habits, local customs, and local literature. They will see also that 
all these gentlemen pooh-pooh the Parrei as the line of demar- 
cation between Zummerzet and Devonshire speech, and draw it 
at the Quantocks. This may be substantially true, but beyond 
those lovely eminences of nature in many a snug village the 
pure unadulterated linguistic beauties may be heard uncomipt 
and free from the smallest taint of Devonshire. 

It is a common belief among the refined and educated classes 
in the country that patois and provincialisms are confined to the 
rural districts. It is not so. Nowhere is it more prevalent than 
in Bath. It has its peculiarities — its curious inflections, and is 
set off" by a few special graces which are imparted by the superior 
associations of the lower orders of a city like Bath. The verna- 
cular is so interesting, so amusing, uttered as it usually is with 
such earnestness, such fluency, and as if the speaker had never 
heard the current tongue in which he is commonly addressed, that 
it cannot fail to excite something of a wonder. And again, what 
is to be remarked is this, that every person, whose dialect is 
wholly Zummerset, is never at a loss to understand what is said to 
him by the most refined and fastidious of speakers. He has, 
evidently, a sort of contempt for such a one, to whom he is long- 
ing to impart a little wholesome knowledge of his native tongue. 
There are times, most persons of Bath have occasionally 
had a taste of them, when these experienced local linguists give 
you a little ** bit of their minds.*' It would be charming if it were 


282 Somerset S* Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

not so wicked. To hear a refined lady or gentleman swear offends 
the taste of their own species — it is really nasty ; it is like drink- 
ing small beer out of a golden flagon. Sir Walter Scott only 

d d the fleas and their souls. But to a full-grown Zummerset 

*• lad ** such blasphemy is not only ** hagus" {hideous), but a waste of 
energy, an unbecoming exhibition. He, especially if his training 
has been in the society of 'osses, knows not only the pure classic 
tongue most fitted for angry and emphatic objurgation, but he 
understands how to use the glowing phraseology which lends to it a 
charm all its own. Besides, these *iads" possess a personal super- 
iority in themselves. They always rise to the occasion, and one 
is struck with the conviction that they are unconscious of deserv- 
ing any other reproach than that of being over virtuous. A taste 
is enough for most people, and perhaps, in certain extremities, 
when they cannot escape — say in an accomplished "cabb/s" cab 
— they philosophically conclude that ** 'tis not for mortals always 
to be bies/.** Well, this is one, not the most exalted view of a 
local dialect it must be admitted. Profanity is not a method 
which sets off" either pa/ot's or refined language to advantage. 
It is, however, a point of view from which one cannot always 

In a further contribution I will send one or two examples of 
Zummersetshire dialect of the 1 7th century which will illustrate 
the fact, already mentioned, as to the intransient nature of 
dialects and the local vulgar lingo. 

R. E. Pbach. 

305. Maiden Nrwton Church Plate. — An announce- 
ment has been made in the Salisbury Diocesan Gazette for August, 
1893, of the restoration to the parish of Maiden Newton, Dorset, 
of a chalice and paten-cover, sold by the churchwardens in the 
early part of the present century. **The cup is of the beaker 
form, which is very uncommon, not a dozen of this form being 
known to remain. It was made in London in the year 1 676, and 
has 1678 pricked round the rim with the names of the church- 
wardens of that date.'* It has three passion flowers stamped in 
relief upon it. The paten-cover belonged to the Elizabethan 
Chalice, and is of the date 1574, bearing the mark (LS) of 
Lawrence Stratford, the silver-smith who flourished at Dorchester 
in the latter part of the i6th century, — a fact that Mr. H. J. 
Moule has brought to light through his examination of the 
Corporation records. It may be presumed that the chalice, to 
which the cover belonged, disappeared in or about the year 1678, 
but the parish books contain no record of such a transaction. 


Somerset S» Dorset Notes ($• Queries, 283 

306. Penny Family. (I. viii. 378, II. xii. 124.) — ^The 
following may be acceptable as a small contribation to this subject. 

In Pilton church, Somerset, is a mural tablet on the South side, 
near the chancel, with these arms, Arg. two greyhounds courant 
regardant per pale gu, and sa. Crest. From a crest coronet or, a grey- 
hound as in the arms. The inscription commemorates Edmund 
Penny, gent., who died 1 3 March, 1 776, aged 35. Also Ann, wife of 
Joseph Isaac Penny, who died 24 March, 1788, aged 30. In Wells 
Cathedral Register are many entries of the name, generally with 
the designation, *Mr.' or *Mrs.*; these are printed in the 
work on the Wells Cathedral Monuments. 

The name seems to be somewhat frequent in Somerset ; the 
following are a few stray notes. Will of Richard Penny of Dun- 
bridge in the parish of Kingsbury, dated 20 Jan., 1602, proved at 
Wells; no date. Names his son Richard, daughter Isabel, and 
his wife Toane. (Original Wills, Wells, 1602, No 121.) William 
Penny, Weston Zoyland, will dated 26 March, 1588. Names sons 
Jasper and James, daughter Christian, and wife Agnes. The 
bequests are farm stock. Proved 3 May, 1588. (Original Wills, 
Wells, 1588, No. 1 1+.) Will of Dorothy Penny of Chard ; no date; 
proved 13 Oct., 1624. Names four sisters Agnes, Margaret, 
Eleanor, Edith. (Original Wills, Wells, 1624, No. 90.) Will of 
Margery Penny of Chedzoy, widow, dated i June, 1629. Names 
son James, daughters Joane, Alice and Ann ; Joane Woolle ; Son 
John residuary legatee. Witnesses, Richard Clearke, Joane 
Woolle, and Elizabeth Carye. Proved 20 June, 1629. Total of 
inventory ;^24 15 4. (Original Wills, Wells, 1629, No. 91.) 

Adminstrations were granted in the Bishop's Court, Wells, 
for the goods, &c., of William Penny of Bruton, 1687, No. 12: 
William Penny of Wincanton, 1693, No. 148; John Penny of 
Frome Selwood, 1721, No. 41; Robert Penny of Bruton, 1728, 
No. 22 ; Henry Penny of Somerton, 1728, No. 122 ; James Penny 
of Castle Cary, 1729, No. 27 ; Benjamin Penny of Batcombe, 1738, 
No. 15. The date and number is the index reference. 


307. The Book of Cbrnb (I. vii. 332.) — I read with 
interest in .y. df D, N. df Q.. September, 1889, part vii. 332, a 
brief account of the Book of Ceme, It may interest some of your 
readers to know that the 3rd portion, the Sequentiarius of the 
Church of Ceme (cir. A.D., 1400), has been (virtually) edited by 
Messrs. Misset and Weale in their Analecta Liturgica, pars. 2. 
(Insulis et Brugis) pp. 573-589. The editors give a list of the 
proses, seventy-six in number, with the Sunday, Festival, or other 
occasion to which such composition is assigned ; they have added 
the first lines and the places where they may be found in certain 
standard collections of Latin sequences in the case of those which 
are not in any sense peculiar to the use of Ceme. For the 

a84 Somerset 6- Dorset Notes <S- Queries. 

remainder they give the complete text, i.e., for those which are 
unique or very rare. I subjoin a list of the latter class. 

1 . De S. Thoma Martyre : 'Salvatoris in honorem.' 

2. In Conversione S. Pauli : 'Saulus adhuc spirans minas.' 

3. In Purificatione B. Maria : 'Claris vocibus inclyta/ 

4. De S. Alphego : *Ad haec colenda gaudia.' 

5. De S. Dunstano: 'Hodiema resonent gaudia'. 

6. De S. Augustino : *Christo regi laudes.' 

7. De S. Albano : 'Eia, gaudens caterva.' 

8. De S. Etheldreda : 'Aurea Paradisi rutilans portis castra/ 

9. De SS. Petro et Paulo : 'Agmina laeta plaudant caelica.* 

10. In Translatione S. Edwoldi : 'Unus et Dominus ex quo 


11. In Depositione S. Edwoldi : 'Eia musa tange lyram.' 

12. De S. Nicolao : * Christo Regi cantica.' 

Of these Nos. 3, 5, 12 are found also in the Westminster 
Missal (cir. 1370) which Dr. J. Wickham Legg is editing for the 
* Henry Bradshaw Society.* No. 9 is found in the (Winchester) 
Troper, cir. a.d., iooo, in the Bodleian, whence Dr. Henderson 
printed it in his appendix to the York Missal, ii. p. 292. 

The remaining two-thirds of the Book of Cerne still require 
editing. But with Mr. Warren s facsimile edition of the "Bangor 
Antiphoner" fresh before me I have no reason to despair of some 
at least of your readers, living to see such an edition finished or 
at any rate taken in hand. 

Chr. W., Tyneham Rectory. 

308, Absrncb of Soul from Body. (III. xxii. 266.) — The 
following legend of a similar transient separation of soul and body 
is recorded by Paulus Diaconus, in his Historia Langobardorum, 
lib. iii. cap. 34: — 

Once upon a time, when Gontram Eling of Burgundy {oh. A. 
D. 595) was hunting in a forest, his companions, according to 
their wont, dispersed, leaving him alone with one of his most 
faithful attendants. Becoming drowsy, the King laid his head on 
the attendant's knees, and slept. From Gontram's mouth came a 
small reptilian creature (*'parvum animal in modum reptilis*'), 
which essayed to cross a narrow brook ("tenuem rivulum") 
running near. Then the attendant drew his sword and laid it 
over the brook, by means whereof that reptile (**illud reptile") 
passed to the opposite bank. The creature went into a cleft in a 
mountain (" foramen montis *') not far distant, and. after a brief 
absence, recrossed the sword, and entered Gontram's mouth. 
When he awoke, Gontranf said that, in his dreams, he thought 
that he crossed a river (** fluvium ") by an iron bridge, and enter- 
ed a mountain, where he beheld great store of gold. The 

Somerset <&• Dorset Notes S» Queries. 285 

attendant then related what he had seen. The place (?the cleft 
in the mountain) was dug up, and priceless treasures, which had 
been deposited there in ancient days, were found. From the 
gold Gontram made a solid canopy (" solidum cyborium "), desir- 
ing to send it, adorned as it was with most precious jewels, to the 
sepulchre of the Lord at Jerusalem. But as he was unable to do 
this, he caused it to be placed above the body (** supra corpus ") 
of the blessed martyr Marcellus, whose remains are buried at 
Ch41on-sur-Saone, the capital of the kingdom ; and there (says 
Paulus) the Cyborium is now. He adds that nowhere is there 
anything fashioned of gold which can be compared to it. Paulus 
wrote in the eighth century. 

About 1 8 1 5 Hugh Miller heard a Highland story of two young 
men who were spending a summer morning together. ** There was 
an ancient ruin beside them, separated, however, from the mossy 
bank on which they sat, by a slender runnel, across which there lay, 
immediately over a miniature cascade, a few withered grass stalks. 
Overcome by the heat of the day, one of the young men fell asleep ; 
his companion watched drowsily beside him ; when all at once the 
watcher was aroused to attention by seeing a little indistinct form, 
scarce larger than a humble-bee, issue from the mouth of the 
sleeping man, and, leaping upon the moss, move downwards to the 
runnel, which it crossed along the withered grass stalks, and then 
disappeared amid the interstices of the ruin. Alarmed by what he 
saw, the watcher hastily shook his companion by the shoulder, 
and awoke him ; though, with all his haste, the little cloud-like 
creature, still more rapid in its movements, issued from the 
interstice into which it had gone, and, flying across the runnel, 
instead of creeping along the grass stalks and over the sward, as 
before, it re-entered the mouth of the sleeper, just as he was in 
the act of awakening. * What is the matter with you ? ' said the 
watcher, greatly alarmed. * What ails you ? * 'Nothing ails me *, 
replied the other ; * but you have robbed me of a most delightful 
dream. I dreamed I was walking through a fine rich country, 
and came at length to the shores of a noble river ; and, just where 
the clear water went thundering down a precipice, there was a 
bridge all of silver, which I crossed ; and then, entering a noble 
palace on the opposite side, I saw great heaps of gold and jewels, 
and I was just going to load myself with treasure, when you rudely 
woke me, and I lost all.' " — My Schools and Schoolmasters^ 1 857, pp. 
Ill, 1x2. 

W. G. Boswell-Stone. 

309. Haybands for Gaiters. — Was it a practice for 
old-fashioned gentlemen, in the first half of this century, to wind 
haybands round their legs, for warmth, as occasion might require ? 
I have heard of two examples, one in Herts and the other in 

286 Somsrsst &> Dorut Notes S* Qmrics. 

Dorset, which seem to show that the habit was once common. 
The Dorset example is that of an old Military Officer, who thus 
protected his legs when starting on a coach journey to London. 


3x0. Dr. Wright, a Dorsbt Clergyman. — In the life 
of Milton by William Hayley, p. ex, prefixed to an edition of his 
Poetical Works, A.D. 1794, is found the annexed statement. 

'' Richardson has left the following sketch of Milton's figure 
at an advanced period of life. *An ancient clergyman of 
Dorsetshire, Dr. Wright, found John Milton in a small chamber 
hung with rusty green, sitting in an elbow chair and dressed 
neatly in black, pale but not cadaverous, his hands and fingers 
gouty with chalk stones.' " 

Who was this ancient Dorset clergyman ? 

J. Cross. 

3x1. Nicholas Druet, Rector of Marnhull. — In the 
list of the Rectors of Marnhull, Dorset, given in Hutchins, 3rd 
edit., vol. IV., p. 324, occurs the name of John Druet, Rector of 
Snorham, Dioc. of London, instituted to Marnhull, 5 Dec, 1433. 
To him succeeded Nicholas Druet, LL.B., pr., on the resignation 
of J. Druet, instituted 2nd Feb., 1449. William Hart succeeded 
to this rectory on the death of N. Druet, and was instituted 
3 April, 1455. 

This Nicholas Druet is evidently the person whose will was 
proved P.C.C. 27 March, 1455, under the name of Nicholas 
Druei, as is clear from the bequests of 40s. made to the church 
of St. George of Mamhul, and 6s. 8d. to the poor of the same 
vill. As the testator bequeaths a substantial legacy to King's 
College, Cambridge, he was probably a member of that College. 
He mentions in his Will his brother Master John Druel, his 
brother John Peere, his sister Johan Warde, ancl others. There 
is the same puzzle as to the name, whether Druet or Druel, as 
occurred in the case of Richard Druett of Exeter (see anU, vol. I. 
V. 220.) Can any correspondent, by referring to the Records of 
King's College, or to the list of Rectors of Snorham, help to 
clear up this difficulty ? 

The following is a copy of the Will. 


In Dei noie Amen Vicesimo primo die Mensis Marcij Anno 
1454, Ego Nich'us Druel de Ciuitate London sane mentis et bone 
memorie exist' testamentu* meum in hunc modum. In primis 
lego animam meam deo omnipotenti beate virgin! marie et o'ibus 
Sanctis, corpusque meum sepeliend' fore secundum dispocioem 
executorum meorum infrascript'. Itm lego ad vsum ecclie Sanct' 
Georgij de Mamhul xls. Itm lego pauperibus eiusdem ville vjs. 
viijd. Itm lego ecclie de Newnton xs. Itm lego ecclie de 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes <S» Queries, 287 

Yeuylden vjs. viijd. Itm lego Johi Peere ffrat' meo meam togani 
de Rosset curiam. Itm lego Alberedo Peer* meam togam de must' 
de vilone penulat* cu' popyl. Itm lego Johanne Warde sorori 
mee meam optima' togam murram meam & optimu' par linthia- 
minu\ Itm lego Margerie Quavel vna' togam de Sangwen existen* 
Cantebr*. Itm legojohanni Peere junioli de Newnton xs. Itm 
lego collegio Regis Cantebr' viij li in pecunia & vnam crate rem 
stantem coopertam. Itm lego s'mo Altari ecclie Omi' sanctorum 
in Judaismo Cantebr* vjs. viijd. pro decimis meis oblitis. Itm 
lego ad Repacoem librorum & vestimentorum eiusdem ecclie 
vjs. viijd. Itm lego ecclie sancte Trinitatis Cantebr* ad repacoem 
librorum & vestimentorum vjs. viijd. Itm lego Mag'ro Johanni 
Garlonde iijs. iiijd. Itm lego Mag*ro Johanni Aislay meam 
togam blodiam penulat* ad manus & colar' cu* Beuyr cum lapicio. 
Itm lego Mag'ro Johanni Hewet vnam zonam argenteam viridem. 
Itm lego Alicie Pynyngton vnu' pixidem de argento ct vnu' 
annulum de auro cum lapide vocat* paritott. Itm lego Simoni 
Cannok meum optimu* par cultellarum. Itm lego Alicie Cowper 
meam toga' de musterdevillers duplicat*. Itm lego Johanne 
Brandon xxs. de debitis m* p eandem. Itm lego Johanni Adhal 
xls. de debitis michi per eundem. Itm lego Johanni Brown xiijd. 
Itm lego Ricardo Keston xiijs. iiijd. de debitis michi per eundem. 
Itm lego Ricardo Warde om'es pecunias quas recepit et recipiet 
pro nigro equo meo. Itm volo qd Will'mus Ward junior habeat 
vnu' lectum videlicet vnu* matras vnu* bolstar ij lodices par 
linthiaminu* secundo melius cooptorium et quinque marcas. Itm 
lego Nicholao Bathern iijs. iiijd. Itm volo qd executores mei 
disponant int' pauperes die obitus mee xxs. Residuum vero 
bonorum meorum superius non legaiorum do & lego Mag'ro 
Johanni Druel ffratri meo domino Rogero Hewet & Mag'ro 
Will'mo Wylde vt ipi disponant pro anima mea prout eis melius 
videtvr expedir* secund' conscientiam suam quos meos constituo 
Executores. Et volo qd Magr* Johes Druel frater mens habeat 
pro labor* suo meum equu* ambulantem existentem apud fulham 
vnu' annulum de auro cum parte sancte Crucis et volo qd habeat 
iste sine recepit super se onus administrand' sine non. Et do 
executoribus meis potestatem emend' de bonis meis non obstante 
aliqua constitutione edit* in contrario. Itm lego domino Rogero 
Hewet vnam togam nigram peciu* virge iijs. & xxs. pro labor*. 
Itm lego Mag*ro Willmo Wilde vnam togam nigram preciu' virge 
iiijs. & xxs. pro labore suo. Itm volo qd executores mei heant 
omnes expensas et singlas quas fecerint circa executionem 
testamenti mei et secund' discrecoem ffratris mei volo qd heant 
plus secund' qd labor eorum expossit dat die & loco supradcis 
p'ntibus Magistro Johannis Aislay Mag'ro Johanni Hewett 
Bacallarijs in Decretis & Nicholas Bathern luteine. 

Proved at Croydon 27th March, 1455, and administration 
granted to Dom. Roger Hewet and Mr. William Wild. 
(Stokton 2.) 

288 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

312. SwYRE Parish Account Book, — ^Through the 
kindness of the Rev. R. W. H. Dalison, Rector of Swyre, Dorset, 
an old Overseers* Account Book, belonging to that parish, has 
come under my notice, from which I gather the following par- 
ticulars which may be usefully placed on record for the light they 
throw upon the financial arrangements of the place. 

The Book itself is of paper, of about 86 leaves, without a 
cover, in a most tender condition, extending from about 1 600 to 
1668, though of the earlier years of the century only mere frag- 
ments of pages remain. The first complete yearly statement 
occurs in 16 14, and the accounts for that year are here printed at 
large, as a specimen of the way in which the parish business was 

As the parish is and was a small one> and this book kept by 
Overseers, there are few entries beyond the payments of money 
to the Poor. Indeed, the pa3rment of as. for Ann Brewer's shroud 
in 1620, and 3s. 2d. for one for Mary Samways in 1652, 
13s. 8d. to William Derby, Coroner, "for doenge his office," 
1658, and 5s. for Crawford Bridge, 1660, are the only casual 
entries which call for remark. The Overseers paid a shilling 
annually for ** writinge our booke," from 161 8 to 1654, when the 
charge became is. 6d. It was is. 8d. in 1655, and settled at 2s. 
in 1658. 

The yearly statements are " allowed" by the signatures of two 
magistrates. The signatures of parishioners are rare. Richard 
Handleigh was Rector from the latter part of the i6th to the 
middle of the 17th century, but appears to have been non-resident 
(he had also the Rectory of Melbury Bubb), as his signature is 
not appended to the accounts in any year, whereas Robert finer, 
clericus, signs in 16 17, in 1638, and thenceforward pretty con- 
tinously till 1667. Henry Beriew (Berjew) succeeded Handleigh 
in 1642, according to Hutchins, and signs in 1650, and until the 
end of the book in 1668, and was thus apparently resident, though 
Frier still lived in the parish, and was not buried till August, 
1670, "aged p Report 105 years." . 

There are no yearly accounts between 1642 and 1648, when 
an entry occurs " for making our booke of account 3s. for hue 
years," an item testifying to the troublous state of those times. 
There are also none for 1659, but in this case a page may be 

It will now be convenient to give the statement of accounts 
for the year 16 14, in which the whole of the receipts and 
expenditure maybe seen. 

^f^Biff lldftB foihA0tiXt0, for the yere 161 4 for a contribucon toward 
the relief of our poore Together with our accompte of the maimer of the 

SamifSit <S- Dorset Notes 6- Queries. 






ziijd. ob. 

iiijd. ob. 
iiijd. ob. 

•zls. yjd. 

distribaoon and imployment oi the same vnto the said vses accordingly, were 
made by us whose names hoe foUowe, Tizt. 

J^^^L' ]ch«rd.w»dens 

J^^^^ )Oven«.«fthepoore 

8^f (Il0ttlltt^ttt01t for the relief of our poore 

Morgan HoUman * 
Mr. Handley f 
Walter James J 
Mr. Jolm Napper § 
John Napper 
Sfarie Cnbb widow 
Richard Croome 
John Haywell 
Arthm^ Cribb 
Robert Gover 
John ffi-eeman 
John Golsey 
James Pitman 
Walter Black • • 
John Craft 1 1 
Richard Spring 

John Rawiens thdder % X 
ohn Rawiens the younger 

8l^e QTotaU of this Xaz for the 
amounts rnto the iust somme of 

Sl^S S0tntns of Tenne pounds given in Stock for 1 

our poore by James Rawiens late of Swyre deceased for ever to ' zzs. 

remaine for their use & yerdy imployment Sc yerely to yeeld ) f iiijH. vid. 

As also 

Cl^S like $A)UIUU of Tenne pounds given likewise ) 
by Mris Joane HoUman widow late of Barwick in Svryre afore- 1 
said deceased for ever to remaine to the said use Sc yerely | 
imployment & yerely to yeeld 

Sits !Hh[yn0tl^li0 distribucon followes in the nezt ensuing Page. 

The Monethlie Distribucon and imployment of the former Contribucon for yo 
releeif of our poore here immediatelie followeth : viit : 

Maij j*> Mautild Panchard zyjd. \ 

George Hall then sick vjd. | ijs. iiijd. 

Morgan Beagons wief in her sickness yjd. ) 

• For Barwick. William Holman pays in i6i5« Robert Holman 1629, Alice 
Holman 1642, John Squibb, 1648, and Julius and Benjamin Squibb, 1 661. 
t The Rector. Henry Berjew's name substituted 1642. 
t John Harbin [Esq.] 1623. 
6 Robert Napper 1620, Mrs Alice Napper 1653. 
* * Sometimes written Blackwood. 
1 1 For Cobmill, 1616. 

XX George Trenchard 1620, Tamsin Trenchard 1627, Thos. Bishop 163 1. 
N.B. — ^Josias Handlye was a ratepayer in 1608. He afterwards disappears, but 
his name, as Josias Handley, is reinstated in 1 631. In 1633 he gives 
place to Robert Napper, Esq. 

Contribucon I ^ yjd. 


Somersit <&• Dorset Notes 6- Queries. 

Maij zxix** 

Junij xxyj'' 
Aug. 21'* 
Sept. 18 

xviijd. j 

[Dcccmbiis] iS** 

Mautild Panchard 

George Hall being sick 

Matild Panchard 

Mautild Panchard 

Mautild Panchard 

Mautild Panchard 

Mautild Panchard 

Mautild Panchard 

Paid for George Halls rent in " 

the time of his sickness 
Mautild Pan ch ard 
Three yards of doth bought for \ • • . 

her after ijs. ijd. the yard cost ] ^ '^ ' 
Half a yard of canvas for her vd. 

for makeing of her coate thereof vjd. 

for a pair of stockens for her xd. 

Mautild Panchard 
Mautild Panchard 
Mautild Panchard 
Mautild Panchard 








Januarij 8** 
Februarij 9* 
Mardj 5** 

The Totall of this our Monethlie Distribucon amounting \ 
vnto xxxijs. and ixd. deducted out of the former Contribucon > 
\-iit. xls, xjd. There remaineth of the said Contribucon iust ) 











Hn RttOUl^ of certain other money vizt. of xxiiijs. rec. by vs this our 
wtv 1614 for the use of x li. given for ever to remaine in StocK for use of our poore 
b\ Mri» Jv.\uie Holhuan late of Barwick \»ithin our parish deceased, and placed 
IvM th 4cvoidiQ^Iy for the benefit & behoofe of our said poore. As also in pt for 
jkuvt to« oivls the use of the other Ten pownds in like manner to remain in Stock 
kMT the same vsc by James Rawlens late also distributed by us to the parties 
kvieunvl«r oame^l, viit : 

in December 

Maiic Bluer yjd. 

An Bruer vjd. 

John Curland xi^d. 

Bridget Roper xijd. 

Elisabeth Beagon vj<i. 

Cicilie Summer xd. 

Henrie ffaU vjd. 

Henrie Cribb xijd. 

Morgan Samwaies vjd. 

Agnes Mullens xijd. 

Alice Mullens xijd. 

George Hall viiid. 

John Hall >^d. 

Robert Blackwood yjd. 

.\gnes Parsons yjd. 

Thomas Pitman vjd. 

Morgane Beagon vjd. 

Margaret Pitman yjd. 


Against Easter 

Marie Bruer xijd. 

An Bruer vjd. 

John Cm-land xijd. 

Bridget Roper vjd. 

Elisabeth Beagon vjd. 

Cicilie Summer vjd. 

Agnes Mullens xijd. 

Widow Browne yjd. 

Jane Northou* vjd. 

George Hall \jd. 
Morgane Beagons wid. vjd. 

Tho. Pitmans wief vjd. 

Henrie Crib vjd. 

Alice Mullens vjd. 

Widow Browne xijd. 

Agnes Parsons xijd. 

Margaret Pitman xijd. 

Henrie Crib yjd. 


Thus the xxiiijs. was fullie distributed at two scu*all tymes as here above 

^fltXt ttemaincf !| of the vse of our X li Stock which \ 
was given by James Rawlens, and can not yet be recovered out of I 
the hands of Walter James the somme of ten shillings for this yere I xiiijs. 
as also from Richard Cromme the somme of fowre shillings beside 
that they keep also the prindpall still in their hands. f 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes <5* Queries. 291 

Rfi alsui for the arreareages due for the use of the same 
Stock from the said Walter James for two former yeres the somme 
of fourteen shUImgs ziiijs. 

and likewise from the said Richard Croome for foure former yeeres 
the somme of xvjs. 

C^ei^ie remainea liUtMBt of the MonethUe distn- 

bucon in our hands as in the former page appeareth the somme of vijs. ixd. 

The which we are redie with theis our accompts foorthwh 
to yeeld up. 

Alowed by vs. John Browne, John Willyams. 

The Overseers' income arose from three sources, ( i ) a Rate 
upon the occupiers of lands; (2) the Interest arising from sundry 
legacies, left as a stock for ever ; (3) the Rent of a certain piece of 
arable land and cow-pasture. 

I. The Rate. — ^The principle on which the rateable list 
was drawn up becomes apparent upon examination. On taking 
the lowest sum paid, say, in 1614, viz., 4id., and comparing it 
with the highest, 1 2s., it will be seen that the former is ^nd of 
the latter, and all the intermediate payers are charged at varying 
multiples of the same basis. Thus, nine persons pay gd. each, or 
^jjnds of I2S., one pays is. ijd., or ^nds, two is. 6d., or ^nds, 
one 2s. 3d., or ^nds, one 2s. 7id., or ^nds, one 3s., or ^nds, 
while Richard Handleigh, the Rector, pays 9s., or J, t\e, |^nds. 
This proportion continued for many years, in fact, until 1661, but 
in 1629 the Rector's rate became i of the highest instead }, and 
so continued until 1661, when it was slightly reduced, and in 1662 
became f ths of the highest, and the rate then assumes a new form, 
the lowest being ^th of the highest assessment. Thus, in 1662, 
one person pays is. 3d., or ^th of ;^2 10 o (the highest), eight 
2S. 6d., or YU^hy one 3s. 4d., or i^h, two 5s., or f^th, two los., or 
Jth. one I OS. sd., or ^th, and the Rector £1, or fths. This 
arrangement continued till the end of the Account book in 1668. 
It thus becomes evident that considerable ingenuity was displayed 
in constructing the rate, and whatever the amount required for 
parish purposes might be, the proportions above stated were 
accurately preserved. 

The amount of Rates collected yearly, on an average of 29 
years from 1614 to 1642, both inclusive, was £2 15 o — the exac/ 
amount levied in 1630. The lowest years were ;^i 5 o in 1637,8,9, 
and 1641. The three heaviest years were 1631 (£'j 100), 1632 
{£6 17 6), and 1633, (£6 5 o). This rise is accounted for by the 
single case of John Whoare, who received in these years £'j 6 3, 
£6 14 10, and £6 108, his usual allowance being much less. The 
average for the last 17 years from 1650 to 1667 (there are no 
accounts for 1659) is considerably higher, viz. £*j 14 7, — the 
highest year being ;^9 9 o in 1667, and the lowest ;^4 7 2 in 1655. 


Somifut S* Dorsit NoUs &» Queriis, 


















































The Rate in 1662 was 

Julius and Beniamin Squib 

Henry Bariew, rector 

Richard Jacob, John Oldis 

R.obert fi&ier . . . . 

Robert Randle 

George Waldron 

Joseph Bartlett \ 

James and Lidia Croome j 

William and Hugh Rallens 

John Clarke . . 

Thomas Meadway 

Thomas Freeman 

William Poldon 

William Clarke, John Mathews 

Agnes Northouer 

Arthur Symes 

Thomas Rallens 

Henry and John Crib 

2. Legacies. — The bequests or legacies to the parish were 
;^io, given by Mrs. Joane Holman of Barwick, widow, who was 
buried 28 June, 1604 (Parish Register); ;^io given by James 
Rallens of Swire, possibly buried 4. April, 1 606 ; and 4.0s. given 
by Doctor Bartholomew Jessop. 

The two former legacies are first alluded to in the accounts 
for 161 3, when, after the signatures of John Willyams and Tho. 
Trenchard, Justices, allowing the correctness of the annual state- 
ment, the following note is added : — 

"Upon this condicon that from henceforth the overseers and Churchwardens 
do yearlie charge themselves with the some of zxs. for those of a stocke of x li 
giuen to the poore in the testamt of James Rawlingelate of Swyer deceased and also 
that they yearlie make mencon of the said stock of xU in eu'rie ac[count]— also it 
is confessed by the ou'seers that there is x 11 more giuen by the testamt of Mrs. 
Joane HoUman to be imployed to thuse of the poore there the stocke and vse 
thereof to be vearlie accompted for and sett downe in this booke as aforesaid. 
AUowed by vs John Willyams. 
Tho: Trenchard." 

From this it would seem that the parish oflficers had not 
hitherto considered it necessary to enter the particulars of the 
distribution of the charities in their accounts. Henceforth, 
however, the order of the magistrates was carefully observed. 

In 161 5 the following statement occurs. 

"Cftl^tC It^WtaitWf ^ in the hands of Mris. Alee Holman widdow 
and James Stevens for the some of xiijli. vjs. viijd. for vse dew in this or yere 
1615 the some of xxvj s. viijd. beinge for the ten pownds giuen in stocke to 
remaine for ever by Mris. Toane Holman late of Barwick deceased, and pte of 
die ten powndes giuen by James Rallens aforesd to the like vse. 

Somerset <5» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 293 

The rest of o^ stock soe ginen, we haue taken good security for the paiment 
and implojrment therof to the contentment of or sayd pish and inhabitants there. 
And soe we trust will be to yor good lildnge as in the coUu* before may appeare. 
Allowed John Willyams. Tho : Trenchard." 

In the column alluded to, on the side of the page, is written 

£ 8. d. 
Mils. Holman, James Stevens 13 6 8 

with the areages for the last yere £1 6s. 8d. 
John Curlond, John Rallens xxs. to be kept by 
the consent of the Inhabitants wth out paymg 
any yse which is of the aforesd ;^I3 6s. 8d 

Wm. fireeman, John Randle i 10 o 

Rich. Croome and Wm. Groaver 200 

John and Matild Oliu* and John Rallens 200 

Morgan Beagen and Henry Cribb i 10 o 

remayneth ;£'80 6 8 

In 1625 the yearly interest on each of these legacies was 
reduced to xvjs. 

In 1626 Jesope's legacy makes its appearance. ** Besides the 
some of fforty shillings giuen for the vses above said by Bartho- 
lomew Jesope doctor deceased to remaine a stocke for euer & 
yearly to yeld iijs. ijd. ob." 

In 165 1 first occurs " ffower pounds giuen by Mr. John Naper 
deceased." He was buried at Swyre 6 Aug., 1644. 

In 1639 the entry is found, "Besides there is ffiue pounds 
giuen by Mr. Morgane Holman deceased wch wee [have] not 
received for wch cause we desire. • . .assistance." 

The last allusion to this legacy occurs in 1 65 1 . The Overseers 
had not then received it, and for the future omitted to allude to it. 
Morgan Holman was of Barwick. Morgan Holman, senr., was 
buried at Swyre i July, 1614, but the testator's burial is not now 
to be found in the Register. 

3. Rent. — In 1610, the first year in which a larger fragment 
of the account book is found, is the following entry : — •* The totall 
of this tax for a monthly contribucon beinge iiijs. xjd. beside the 
blinde man his allowance as is heretofore expressed doeth in the 
whole yeere after the reconinge of xiij monthes to the yeere 
amounte vnto the just sum of iijli. iijs. xjd., wch is wholy dis- 
tributed by the peteculars following." 

What is meant by " the blinde man, his allowance " is more 
clearly expressed in 1619; "Besides this tax and yearly anuities 
we haue certeine errable landes and a Cow pasture allowed and by 
the consent of the Inhabytants allotted to a poore blind man for 
his releif amounting to the value of xxvs." 

The last mention of these lands occurs in 1650, when the 
blind man is mentioned by name. "As alsoe certeine errable 


Sonursei &» Dorset Notes S* Queries » 

lands allowed and allotted unto John Whoer for and towards his 
releafe and yearly doth yeld xxs." Like most annuitants he had 
lived long. 

SwYRE Parish Officers. 

Richard Crib, John Freeman 
Morgan Holman, Walter Blacke 
Richard Croome, John Haywell 
William Snell, William Gover 
Walter James, Richard Gover 
Richard Cribb, John Freeman 
Lancelot! Clearke, Richard Oliver 
Andrew Bownde, Lancelot Clark 
Andrew Bownde, John Rawlins, junr. 
Nicholas Hale, James Pytman 

{ohn Rallens, Robt. Blackwood 
ames Steeuens, John Haywell 
Arthur Crib, James Clarke 
Walter James, Richard Croome 
John Preeman, James Clarke 
Teffery Heere, Roger Fawle 
John Freeman, Richard Oliuer 
JefFerie Heere, Andrew Bownd 
Richard Croome, Nicholas Hale 
George [PTrenchard], Robert N[appcr] 
Tames Steevens, Richard Croome 
Nicholas Halie, John Crib 
John Freeman, John Thomer 
Roger Fawle, William Rallens 
Nicholas Hawley, G«orge Handletgh 
Andrew Bound, Hugh Rallens 
Andrew Bound, Robert Randle 
Thomas Byshop, Robert Blackwood 
John Haywell, Andrew Bound 
John Nociter, Nicholas Hally 
John Thomer, Andrew Bound * 
William Freeman, John Nocyter 
William Rallens, John Chaninge 

John Thomer, Hugh Rallens 
ames Raudle, Thomas Pyke 
Thomas Walron, James Randle 
James Randle, Thomas Waldron 
i648t Richard Jacob, William Rallens 
1649 Richard Jacob, William Rallens 
Robert Randle, Lancelote Clarke 
John Squibb, William Freeman 
John Squibb, William Freeman 
^ohn Fiyer, John Cribb 
ohn Squib, Richard Jacob 
ohn Squib, Richard Jacob 
ohn Squib, Richard Jacob 
ohn Squib, Richard Jacob 



164 1 

Richard Crome, George Handleigh 
Walter James, Richard Croome 
Morgan Holman, Robert Eber 
Josias Handlie, John Freeman 
Richard Cribb, Nicholas Hale 
Morgan Holman, John Rawling 
Walter James, Walter Blackwood 
Walter James, John Haywell 
Arthur Cribb, James Pitman 
John Freeman, John Rallins 
John Hajrwell, Jeflferie Heere 
Walter James, John Rallens, junr. 
JefFerie Heere, Nicholas Hale 
Walter James, John Haywell 
Thomas Steevens Richard Oliuer 
John Napper, Andrew Bownd 
Robt. Blackwood, John Rallens, junr. 
James Steevens, John Hayu'cU 
Teffery Heere, Roger Fawle 
John Railings, Richard Croome 
John Napper, John Freeman 
Robert Blackwood, Roger Fawle 
John K aliens, John Ilavwell 
John Napper, John Rallens 
James Randle, John Freeman 
John Haywell, Roger Fawle 
Robert Blackwood, William Rallens 
John Thomer, John Crib 
William Freeman, Hugh RaUens 
Robert Holman, John Haywell 
William Rawlins, Robbartt Randoll 
John Napper, John Croome 
Robert Northouer, Richard Mullens 
John Napper, James Randle 
Thomas Walron, Henry Smyth 
Edward Diskett, William RaUens 
William Yeats, Richard Mullens 
Lancelote Clarke, Hugh Rallens 
Lancelote Clarke, Hugh Rallens 
Thomas Waldron, Jofii Fryer 
Richard Jacob, James Croome 
William Rallens, Hugh Rallens 
Robert Randle, Richard Northouer 
Richard Waldron, John Clarke 
William Rallens, Joseph Bartlet 
John Fryer, George Waldron 
Thomas Freeman, Richard Jacob 

* They sign the marriage register this year as Churchwardens, but are not 
mentioned in the account bc^k. 

t No fresh appointments were made apparently till 1648. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes <§• Queries. 


1658 John Squib, Richard Jacob 

1659 [No accounts this year.] 

1660 Joseph Randle, Joseph Bartlet 

1 66 1 Julius Squib, George Waldron 

1662 Julius Squib, Greorge Waldron 

1663 Julius Squib, George Waldron 

1664 Julius Squib, George Waldron 

1665 Julius Squib, George Waldron 

1666 Julius Squib, George Waldron 

1667 Julius Squib, George Waldron 

1668 Julius Squib, George Waldron 

George Waldron, Tohn Clarke 
Richard Jacob, Jonn Crome % 
William Rallens, John Cribb 
John Fryer, Thomas Freeman 
Robert Randle. John Clarke 
Robert Randle, John Clarke 
Robert Randle, John Clarke 
William Rallens, James Croome 
Henry Crib, Cristopher Meaden ? 
Rd. Jacob, [al's Beagin] Jos. Bartlet 
William Rallens, John Clarke 

313. Field Names in Stalbridgk, Dorset (III. xxi. 
221, xxii. 242). — Puxy is given in Barnes's *• Glossary 0/ the Dorset 
Dialect^'^ 1886, as "A miry or boggy place; a puddle." I should 
have thought it a word by no means unknown to Dorset folk. 



314. The Martiloge in Englysshe after the vse of the 
chirche of Salisbury and as it is redde in Syon With addicyons. 
Printed by Wynkyn de Worde in 1526. Edited with Introduction 
and Notes by F. Procter, M.A., and E. S. Dewick, M.A., F.S.A. 
London, 1893. Pp. xxxix, [5], 291, Demy 8vo. 

This work forms the third volume of the Henry Bradshaw 
Society's Publications, and is a reprint of the English version of 
the Martyrologium **made for private use by Richard Whytford, a 
brother of Syon Monastery, and printed by Wynkyn de Worde, as 
a small quarto, in 1526." The original is rare, only seven copies 
being known to be in existence. 

The Martyrologium was designed for reading in the Chapter- 
houses of Cathedral and Monastic Churches daily after prime, 
and the present translation was made for the edification of the 
unlearned Religious, who understood not the Latin of the original. 
The work claims to follow the use of Sarum, and has a special 
Dorset flavour from the fact that it contains four feasts of 
S. Edward, King and Martyr, viz., his martyrdom, March i8th, 
his translation from Wareham, Feb. 13th, the reception of his 
body at Shaftesbury, Feb. i8th, and a further translation to 
another resting place within the Abbey, on June 20th, — being two 
more festivals than were usually observed. 

The Volume is accompanied by a valuable index of Saints, 
arranged by Canon Wordsworth, Rector of Tyneham, Dorset. The 
whole work is carefully edited, and a scholarly Introduction is 

t Nominated. 

296 Somerset 6- Dorset Notes 6* Queries, 

315. Winchester Commoners. 1800 — 1835. By ClifFord 
W. Holgate, M.A., Editor of ** Winchester Commoners, 1836 — 
90." Salisbury: Brown and Co., 1893. Demy 8vo. Pp. viii, 43. 
Price IS. 

Mr. Holgate, who has already published an instalment of the 
valuable work on which he is engaged, comprising the careers of 
Winchester Commoners from 1836 to 1890, has just issued a list 
of Commoners during the preceding years of the present century. 
This list contains in alphabetical order all the names occurring in 
the ''Long Rolls'' for that period, and is published as a 
preliminary step to the preparation of a full biographical index. 
Specimens of the completed index are added, and indication is 
given of the points on which information is desired. 

The present list comprises 1471 names, of which 808 remain 
unidentified, though of these some 1 1 2 are probably known. The 
author is anxious to have the necessary particulars sent him as to 
any of these names, by those whose friends or relatives were at 
Winchester during the years in question. As the ** Long Rolls " 
only give the surnames of the boys, such help is imperatively 
necessary. We recommend our readers to obtain Mr. Holgate's 
List for themselves, and see if they can help him. 


3x6. Recollections of Tottenham Friends and the 
FoRSTEK Family. — By Theodore Compton. London: Edward 
Hicks, junr*, 14, Bishopsgate Without, 1893. Pp. [6], 74, [i]. 8vo. 

Mr. Compton|has written a charming little book of recollections 
of his early days at Tottenham. In addition to other details of 
the personal history of his contemporaries, he has. given us re- 
miniscences of the Forster family, the writer having been a pupil 
at the school of Deborah, the sister of Josiah Forster. The latter 
was a man of singular simplicity of character. Of this Josiah some 
amusing anecdotes are told. "The boys were in the habit of sur- 
reptitiously supplying themselves with dainty suppers, which they 
hauled up in a basket to the bedroom window. One night the 
basket was unusually heavy, and was with difficulty pulled up. 
When it came in sight under the window, what should appear but 
the head of Josiah Forster ! The first impulse was to let the load 
down again quicker than it came up, but after a moment's re- 
flection the boys decided to hold on, with Josiah dangling in the 
air, till he agreed to favourable conditions of peace.*' For the 
firework story, we must refer our readers to the book itself. 
William Forster, the brother of Josiah, married Anna, sister of 
Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, resided at Bradpole, Dorset, and was 
the father of the Rt. Hon. William Edward Forster, on whose 
death in 1886, the Forster family became extinct in the male line. 



SomiTset S» Dorset Notes S^ Queries. 297 

317. The Shaftesbury Bbzant. (II. xvi. 183).— By the 
kind permission of Mr. Merth3rr Guest, of Inwood, the present 
owner of the Shaftesbury Bezant* we are enabled to present our 
readers with a representation of that curious object, tsdcen from a 
photograph which Mr. Guest has most kindly sent us. Some 
aecount of the Bezant has already appeared in S. & D.N. 6r Q. 
(Vol. II., p. 235,) to which the reader is referred, but the following 
notice of it is taken from p. 247 of vol. VII. of the Wilishite 
ArchcBological and Natural aisiory Magazine (Oct., 1862). The 
Bezant occurs among the articles exhibited to the Wiltshire 
Society on the occasion of its visit to Shaftesbury in August, 
1 86 1 . It is described as follows : — 

"By RoBRRT SwYRB, Esq., Shaftesbury \ — ^The original 
byzant (of gilded wood in the form of a palm trefe, about three feet 
in height) which was formerly carried in procession to Enmore 
Green, near Motcombe, on the Monday before Holy Thursday in 
each year, and presented by the Mayor of Shaftesbury to the 
stewards of the manor, together with a pair of gloves, a calf s 
head, a gallon of ale, and two loaves of wheaten bread, as an 
acknowledgment for the water which formerly supplied the town 
of Shaftesbury, and was brought on horses' backs from the well 
on Enmore Green. This ceremony being concluded, the byzant, 
usually hung with jewels and costly ornaments, was returned to 
the Mayor, and carried back into the town in procession. The 
first written authority for this custom occurs in the Court Rolls of 
Gillingham Manor, dated 1527, to the effect that it hath been the 
custom in the tithing of Motcombe, Dorset, time out of remem- 
brance, on the Sunday after Holv Cross Day, in May, for the 
villagers to assemble at Enmore Green, at one o'clock, and with 
the minstrels, and * mirth of game,* to dance till two o'clock. 
* The Mayor of Shaston shall see the Queen's Bailiff have a 
penny loaf, a gallon of ale, and a calfs head, with a pair of gloves, 
to see the order of the dance that day, and if the dance fail that 
day and the Queen's Bailiff have not his duty (i,e, the calfs head, 
&c.) then the Bailiff and his men shall stop the water from the 
wells of Shaston from time to time.' " 

*• By Mrs. Chitty, Cann : — Two pairs of byzant gloves, the 
last presented by the Mayor of Shaftesbury to the Lord of the 
Manor of Motcombe in accordance with the custom above 

The fact of the Shaftesbury bezant being carved in the sem- 
blance of a tree suggests that it bears some relation to the tree which, 
accompanied by a lion and a bird, appears on the seal of the 
Borough for warrants, 1570. In an earlier form of this seal, 
unfortunately broken, appended to a deed dated a.d. 1350, now 
in the municipal chest, and termed in the deed " Sigillum com- 
munitatis Burgi Shaston," i.e. the seal of the commonalty, the 
tree bears the similitude of a large wooden mace, and is accompanied 

Part xxiv. December, 1893. w 

298 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

by a sword in addition to the lion and bird, and the remainder of 
the legend round the seal runs "... ensis avis leo lignum," 
the fag end of an. hexameter line. 

It is highly probable that the Bezant represents the ** lignum " 
of these old seals. Why it should be called a Bezant, except that 
name had come to represent, in popular usage, a precious article, 
as this gilded palm tree was, especially when adorned with 
jewelry, it is diflScult to see. It bears no resemblance to a besom, 
as the name is sometimes written, and it is far more likely that 
bezant would be corrupted to besom, than vice versd. 

C. H. M. 

318. The Abbot of Glastonbury's Waterways. — In 
the fifth Volume of the Somerset Record Society there is found at 
p. 176 a document which, under a very deceptive title, and under 
the mask of technical Latin, shrouds some interesting particulars 
of the waterways of the Abbot of Glastonbury, his navigation of 
them, his fisheries, his vineyards and some minor customs. There 
is no date to the document, but from mention made of Abbot 
Roger de Ford (p. 178) the date was probably soon after his death 
in 1 26 1. The document is the record of a verdict given by a jury 
empanelled at Glaston for inquiry into the services due from the 
Holding {tenementum) which was allotted to Robert Malerbe. The 
particulars of the holding are not specified. It appears from this 
verdict that Malerbe's office was a very complex one. He was 
the head-boatman, the Messenger or Cursor in certain directions, 
the overseer of the Pamborough vineyard, the conveyor by barge 
of the wines of that and the other two vineyards at Meare and 
Pilton. He was the Bedel or Summoner of the outlying Tythings 
of the Hundred of the xii. Hides, with some of the duties of 
Tything man and reeve and constable. He was also the general 
guardian of the fisheries against poaching, and of the waterways 
against decay of banks and sluices, and against misuse of 
sluices, a general Water-bailiff. William de Lengh (r>. of Lyng) 
whose duties are defined by the same Jury, probably worked 
under him. 

The points here gained in our scant knowledge of the Abbey 
OEconomy are numerous : e.g., that a great deal of traffic between 
Headquarters and outlying manors was effected by water : that there 
was a system of waterways : — 

From Glaston to Meare, Godney and Brent. 

From Glaston to Pamborough and Nyland. 

From Glaston to Butleigh up the Brue. 

From Glaston to Steanbow on the Pylle stream. 

That there were Vineyards at Meare, Pilton and Pamborough, 
under the A'bbot's cultivation, the wines from which were brought 
home by barge and cellared at Glaston. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 299 

That there was a postal system reaching to Wrington and Brent, 
lands being held at Bleadney, &c., on the tenure of forwarding 
writs (brevt'a). 

That Meare was the headquarters not only of fish-catching 
but of fish-curing and storing. 

That the Fish-house there was not only the Head Fisherman's 
House, but a storehouse of dried and salt-fish, to which the Abbot 
sent daily in Lent to buy for his kitchen, the convent probably 
doing the same for its separate kitchen. 

That the Fish-house was a separate department, keeping its 
separate ledger for its divers customers. 

The document leaves us in the dark as to the mode of navi- 
gating the barges, whether by towing by horse or by man, or by 
punting. In trying to understand the waterway to Pamborough, 
it must be remembered that the lake which gave name to Meare 
was then a large surface of water varying with the wetness 
of the season, and requiring only a short cut to connect it with 

Abstract of Robert Malerbe's Duties : — 

To find a boat [baiellum) to carry 8 men, probably not counting 
boatmen. To be Headboatman (Gubernaior) and to convoy the 
Lord Abbot to Meare, Brent, Butleigh, Andredesey (Nyland), 
Godney and La Bowe (Steanbow near Pilton) and all the Abbot's 
men and Kitchen (including the moveable kitchen gear and cooks) 
his huntsmen with hounds, and all else that could go by water. 

Thai of a Messenger. 

To carry writs for Wrington as far as Bleadney for J. Delwyne 
to carry on, and writs for Brent as far as Pamborough for the widow 
Isabella to carry to Brent, also all writs for Winscombe and Meare. 

Overseer 0/ the Vineyards, 

To have charge of the Abbot's wines from the Pilton vineyard 
when put on board at La Bowe till landed at Glaston : if landed 
after curfew, to guard them all night. To have charge of the 
Pamborough vineyard. To summon and oversee the men liable 
to dig therein and liable to cut grapes. To have charge over the 
wines until delivered at Glaston. 

Bedel or Summoner. 

To summon the Tythings of Northlode, Clewer, Pamborough, 
Martinsey, and Bleadney and all their men, to the Law-day 
courts and tribunals {/usitciana) at Glaston, to collect amerce- 
ments of court and pay them to the Reeve {Preposiius) of Glaston, 
and when in court, to be as one of the manor-reeves {ballivi) and 
and to uphold {advocare) the clients. 1*.^., to help them in presenting 
nuisances, and putting answers to their statements into due form, 
also to keep the king's peace in the Court. 


When the Cellarer [i,e, probably the intrinsic Cellarer) fishes 
at Meare, to be there with his men, at Cellarer's cost, to the end. 

joo Somtrsit S^ Dorut Notes S* Queries. 

To be guardian over all waters between Clewer and Street bridge* 
and between Mark bridge and Glaston, and over all the Abbot's 
boats in those waters and over the waterways in Herdy Moor (be- 
tween W. Pennard and N. Wootton). To attach all poaching 
fishers and to bring them to iostice at the Tribunal in Glaston. 

To seize for the Abbot s use half of every white fish found 
in the hand of anyone fishing, and the whole, if ransom be not 
paid to the abbey. 

To take from Klammatores who have caught eels as many 
sticks of eels as he will, and convey them to the kitchen of the 
Abbot or Abbey : the men to have for each stick a halfpenny and 
a piece of cloth {pannus gardonum). 

[Kiammatores must mean persons allowed to have eelpots at 
the weirs : The stick is the usual measure of eels in Domesday and 
elsewhere from their being carried on a sharp stake run through 
their gills]. 

Purveyance of fish ^ S^c. 

To go to Meare, if ordered, 3 times a week to buy fish, and in 
Lent daily, and carry it to the Abbof s kitchen. To guard the 
waters ''per omnes casus," probably to see to the sluices and 
banks and to the due sluicing, opening and shutting : and if any 
one be found drowned to warn the country {premunire pairiam) and 
summon the men to guard the body until viewed by the coroners. 
To help in carrying the great loaf of St. Dunstan to Wells on 
Easter Monday (11^ die Pasche) and there to make the presentation 
{facere exennium). 

Magnus Pants Beati Dunstani, 

This was a tribute from the Abbey of Glaston to the See of 
Wells. It is enumerated and confirmed amongst other privileges 
belonging to the see by Pope Alexander III. in 1179 (see Liber 
Albus III. f* 266 — 8)* and as there stated originated with 
St. Dunstan himself, f .^., in the tenth century. On Easter Monday 
an officer of the Abbey conveyed to Wells a large loaf, a skin of 
mead, and a pig or kid. 

Redelivered these articles as an Exennium, i>., a compli- 
mentary gift or tribute, into the hands of some officer of the cathedral, 
who accepted it on behalf of the Bishop and awaited the Bishop's 
instructions for its disposal. The Bearers of the Exennium received 
one in return from the Communar of the Chapter [in the Com- 
munar's Roll of 1 327, the fee was 8d.] thus implying that the tribute 
was due to the whole body of the clergy of St. Andrew's, Bishop 
and Canons. The Bishop commonly ordered that the present 
should be distributed to the needy. 

According to the Pope's Bull, 1179, the due items were two 
loaves of fixed quantity, two barrels of mead of fixed quantity, and 
two kids or two pigs. 

• Printed by Canon Church in his Life of Bp. Reginald in Proc. of Soc. 
Antiq. London. 

Somerset &» Dorset Notes S* Queries. 301 

In 1339 when only one of each kind instead of two was pre- 
sented to the Bishop in his Hall at Wookej by the Communar and 
another, Vicars of the Cathedral, the shortcoming was noted, but 
probably no formal remonstrance made. [Liber Ruber II. f® 71. 
Holmes's History of Wookey, p. 60"!. 

The meaning of the custom is plain enough. 

It was a tribute from the successor of Abbot Dunstan, and 
from the convent which regarded him as its perpetual undying 
patron. It was a tribute to St. Andrew impersonated by the 
Diocesan and his Canons, a tribute to the Patron of the diocese. 
It was an act of spiritual courtesy and homage. Whether the articles 
selected by St. Dunstan had any symbolical meaning or any refer- 
ence to an historic event does not appear. 


319. Invbntories of Church Goods, Dorset, 1552. — 
In the sixth year of Edward VI., commissioners were appointed 
for the survey of church goods within the different counties and 
cities, and received instructions* given under the King's sign 
manual. They are therein required to command the custOB 
rotulorum or clerk of the peace, *' to bring or send vnto them 
soch books, regesters, and inventories, as hath heretofore any 
wise com to their hands by indenture, touching the soms, 
numbres, and values of any goods, plate, jewels, vestments, 
bells, or ornaments, of any churches, chappells, and soch 
like, and likewise the said comyssyonars shall sende to the 
bysshops of every diocese wherein the said countie is -scituat, or 
to their chauncelors, comyssaries, or other eccl'iasticall officers, 
in whos hands or custody the like of the forsaid inventories and 
regesters have com, and of them and every of them, they shall 
receve and take the same books, regesters, and inventories, and 
that done the said comyssionars shall compare both the same 
inventories, that is to say aswell soch as they shall receve of the 
custos rotulorum or their deputie or the clerke of the peax of 
those parties, as of the bysshops or there vnder officers, and 
according to the best, richest and gretest inventory, the said 
comyssioners shall proceade to make ther survey and enquiery, 
and by the same make the searches of the defaults and jvants that 

shalbe founde.'* " The said comyssionars 

shall uppon ther vieu and survey taken cause due Inventories to 
be made by bills or book indentid of all mano' of goods, plate, 
Jewells, bells, and ornaments as yet remaining or any wise forth- 
comyng and belonging to any churches, chappells, fraternities, or 
glides; and thone part of the same Indentures to sende and 

• The King's instructions to the County of Oxford and the City of Exeter 
are simflarly worded, and are both dated June 10th. The former, trom winA 
these extracts are taken, was discovered in the augmentation office by Jdm 
Caley, Esq., in 1810. 

3oa Somerset 6- Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

i^orne to o' privie counsill, & thother to deliver to them in whose 
hands the said goods, plate. Jewells, bells, and ornaments shall 
remain to be kept and pserued." They are also instructed to 
leave in every parish church, or chapel of common resort, one, 
two or more chalices, according to the multitude of the people, 
and *' soch other ornaments as by their discrecons may seme 
requisite for the divine service in every soch place for the tjrme ; " 
and to enquire where by default great quantity of the said 
plate, &c., had been embezzled by private men. 

From the concluding paragraph of the king's instructions, 
it would seem that there was an apprehension in the minds of the 
royal advisers that the work of this commission might wound 
the feelings of the people and occasion troui>le and disquiet. 

" Ffynally o' plesure is that the said comyssionars, in all 
ther doings, shall vse soch sober and discrete mano' of proceading 
as theffect of this comyssion may go forwards; w*^ asmoch quiet 
and as litell occasion of trouble or disquiet of the multitude as 
may be, using to that end soch wise perswacon in all places of 
ther cessions as in respecte of the place and disposicon of the 
people may seem to their wisdoms most expedient," &c. 

The inventory of Church Goods within the County of Dorset, 
as taken (? August, 1552) by the Edwardian Commissioners, is to 
be found at the Record Office. (Exchequer. Q.R. Church 
Goods. Dorset ^). It consists of twenty four membranes, and 
bears the autographs of the four Commissioners — Sir Giles 
Strangwayes, Sir John Horsey, Sir George Delalynde and Thomas 
Tkenchard, Esq' . The following inventories are those of the 
Deanery of Pimperne. From Wim borne Minster no return was 
s^atft an epidemy being prevalent there. 


The pishe of ) fFyrst, j chalice sylu' w*^ the pattent pcell 
Wrchehamton { gylt, j cope of blacke veluet, j vestm* of 
;>ig^wt^ ^rlke, j albe to the same, j blacke vestm*« j albe to the 
saitt^*. T^^ corporas w*^ the cases, ij Table clothes, j frunt for the 
t^tl>;t* v^j'svlke & j paynted, iiij bann* clothes, ij surplices, i pyx, 
ij vjaiKtvisUckes, j pax &sencers of bras, ij crewtes & j crysmatorey 
^ V>tn u U-Ues in the Tower. 

IV iha$e of | Appoynted by the saide comission's j chalice 

'^^*'\C^urche { of Sylu'» j cope of blacke veluet, v/^ all the 

»\.>a^ s<y?S^fS & surplyces. The resydewe of all the p'miss' 

V Nvui> . ^,,tV u^ the custody of these men whose names be undre 

^ »Urry Wylsha pson. \ John Cheriet. ) 
^^ \v^n lUson. j Ric. Scovell. ) 

' ^N' '^"^^^o vxf^ ffyrst, j chalice, ij payre of vestm*"* j cope, j 
X u* ^xvv«cv I l^y® of candelstickes of latten, ij Table 
XS.S..N.V, V, - uN^ j Table clothe steyned, ij belles in the Tower. 

Soifierset 6* Dorset Notes <S» Queries, 303 

To thuse of the ) Appoynted by the said comyssion's, j 
Churche j chalice, j cope w*i» all the surplices, j 
Table clothes [jii:] The resydewe of all the p'miss* comyttyd to 
the custody of thes me under w ten. 

S'- John Rodberde pson. I 
John Barron. J 

The pishe of | ffyrsl j challis sylu'* w*^ the pattent pcell 
Chalbury I gylt, j cope of whyt sylke, j cope of redde 
satten of brydges, j payre of vestm*" of redd fustion, j payre of 
vestm** of grene sylke, iij Table clothes, j canapye of blewe satten 
j corporas, j surplis, j frunt of fustion, copes, ij candelstickes of 
bras, j candelsticke of leade, ij crosses of bras, ij belles in the 

To thuse of the I Appoynted by the said comyssion's i 

Churche j chalyce of sylu'* j cope of whyt sylke, w*° 

all the surples & Table clothes, the resydewe of all the p'miss' 

comytted to the custody of thes men, whose names be under 


S' Willm Augustyne pson. 1 

Wm. fysher. > Walter Lovell, ) 

Robt. Byles. ) John Henstrige. j 

[In 1 145 there appears to have been a Chapel at Chalbury, 
then called Chisilbury. — Dugdale's Monasticon I. p. 338] 

The pishe of ) ffyrst j chalice of sylu' w*^ the pattent, 
ffarnhin ) ij corporas, iij Table clothes, ij cruetes, 

ij candelstickes of bras, j canapy clothe of lynnyn, iij vestm** w*»* 
thar albes, j of blewe satten of brydges, j of poppenge, j redd 
sylke, ij surplices, j cope of grene satten of brydges, j Towell, j 
pyx copp, j yole box Tyn, j crosse latten, j payre of sencers bras, 
j lyche bell, j lyttell bell, ij belles in the Tower. 

To thuse of the I Appoynted by the said comyssion's, j 

Churche j chalice, j vestm* redd sylke, w*^ all the 

surplices & Table clothes, the resydewe of all the p'miss' 

comyttyd to the custody of these men whose names be under 


S' James Muckeley pson \ 

Wm. fysber > John Goddard ) 

John Ludby ) Nicholas curley. ) 

[James Munckeley was instituted to the Rectory in 15 17.* 
Munckeley was a place-name in Somerset. Another Rev. J. 
Munckeley d. 1738. Sermon on his death by Dr. Wright, 1738.] 

The pishe of ) ffyrst, j chalis of sylu'* ij corporas w'^ ther 
Hanley I cases, ij copes, j red sylke, thothe' satten of 
brydges, ij vestm**' ij crosses of latten, ij surplices, ij Table 
clothes, j pax of glasse, iij belles in the Tower. 

• Jacobus Mukley, parson of fTamam, Will dated 25 July, 1555, proved at 
Bridgwater, 20 May, 1556. (Wells District Registry, Bk. ix. fo. 137 b.) F.W.W. 

304 Somerset S* Dorsit Notes S» Qmries 

To thuse of the ) Appointed by the saidc comyssion*a, j 
Churche ) chalis, j cope red sylke, w**^ all the Table 
clothes & surplices. The resydewe of all the p'miss* comyttyd to 
the custody of thes men whose names be undre wrytten. 
S' John chamber, curat \ John Butler J 

Thomas West > John Morgan ) 

Wm. Were. ) 

The pishe of ) ffyrst, j chalis pcell gylt, iij vestm*^ j blewe 
Hamone | damask, ij satten of brydges whyt & grene, 
ij surplices, iiii Table clothes, j crose of latten, j carpyt for the 
commuyon Table, j cope of grene satten of brudges, j wrod clothe 
of wh}rt canvas, j senc* of latten, j holy wat' pott bras, ij candel- 
styckes of latten, il sacringe belles, ij belles in the Tower. 

To thuse of the ) Appoynted by the said comjrssion's j 

Churche ) chalis, j cope grene satten abrydgs, iJ 

surplices w^ the Table clothes, the resydewe of all the p*miss' 

comyttyd to the custody of thes men whose names b% under 


S' Xpofer fowe pson. ) 
Morgan Poldon { Willm. Maye. 

The pishe of j ffyrst, j chalis Sylu' pcell gylt, j pax of bras, 
Wymbome f j holy wat' pot bras, ij payre vestm*"* j grene 
omn' Santor* t saye thother dornex, j payre of vestmt*» 
al* Overstayer ) crymsen veluet, ij Table clothes, iij fruntes 
clothes, ij Towelles, ij cruetes leade, ij 
candelstickes bras, iij bells in the Tower, j surplice. 

To thuse of ) Appoynted by the said comyssion's j chalis, j 
the Churche j vestm* of grene say, w*^ all the Table clothes 
& surplices. The resydewe of all the p'miss* comjrttyd to the 
custoay of thes men whose names be under wrytten. 
S' Wyllm curoo curat \ 

Ric. Southe IP^^ Batton ) 

Thomas Good ) William Sryvon ) 

(To be con/inuid.) 

320. WoRLB Notes (continued from III. xxii. 266) — 

IV. Hancock a local surname. — ** And where were you 
bom, Harriet ? " "I was born at Winscombe, sir." ** And what 
was your maiden name ? " "I was Hancock afore I was married 
same as I am now." ** Oh, I suppose you married a cousin ? " 
•* Well, I don't justly know whether we were cousins or not, — 
some kind of kin though, I reckon. We be all Hancocks there. 
My father, he married a Hancock, and my sister, she married a 
Hancock, and when she were married — (you know, sir, there's 
eight bells in Winscombe Church)— all the ringers were Hancocks 
and the clerk he were a Hancock, and there were no one at her 
wedding who werdn't a Hancock excep' 'twas the paason." 

V. Reputed acrbaob of fields.— It is worth notice that 
the names " Ten Acres," "Twenty Acres," " Thirty Acres," &c.. 

Somerut S* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 305 

are generally very inaccurately bestowed. I do not think that the 
actual measurement ever comes up to the reputed amount, and 
should be interested to know if any reason can be assigned for 
the acreage being thus systematically over-stated. 

An old man told me that the survey of the Parish for the 
purposes of the Tithe Commutation Act was a bad job for the poor 
folk, for they used to be paid for mowing according to the reputed 

Can any correspondent inform me whether this statement is 
correct ? 

VI. Back-sword play.— This was formerly a very favourite 
game in the county. Wedmore in particular was famous for its 
back-sword players who used to go long distances to matches, 
and often would win considerable stakes. 

The great object in the game was to draw blood from your 
adversary's head, which was protected by the left arm. To effect 
this, tremendous blows were struck at other parts of the body 
with the object of distracting your opponent's attention, and as 
the combatants were stripped to their shirts these blows must 
have fallen heavily. The prescribed formula before engaging in 
battle was for the men to shake hands and say *' God save our 
eyes.** The pious ejaculation was not unneeded, as an old 
back-sword player tells me he has seen a man's eye cut clean out 
of his head by a blow. 

Each principal was attended by three seconds or *' sticklers," 
and it would appear that any dispute that might arise was settled 
by the sticklers. My informant told me that at a fight in which 
he was principal his adversary's stickler lost his temper and struck 
him, upon which a free fight ensued between the sticklers. 

At Worle back-sword contests used to take place in the 
churchyard on the north side of the tower. There were some- 
times hundreds of spectators looking on. 

The game has gone quite out of repute, and I doubt 
whether it is ever played now, but I have heard from a 
neighbouring clergyman (Mr. Aldrit, of Wick S. Lawrence) that 
he remembers when a school-boy at Wells seeing the Bishop 
enjoying the performance. 

" Tempora mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis." 

VII. Fishing Superstition. — In Notes and Queries (I. ix. 
536) I find, '• On the highest mound of the hill over Weston- 
super-Mare, is a heap of stones to which every fisherman in his 
daily walk to Sand Bay, Kewstoke, contributes one towards his 
day's good fishing." 

The same superstition is mentioned by Mr. Jackson in his 
" Visitor^ s Handbook to Weston " : he gives the name of the 
mound as Peak Winnard. 

On asking an old inhabitant of Worle if he knew the custom 
referred to, he replied that many a time had he thrown his stone 

3o6 Somerset & Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

ttpon the heap on his way from Worle down to the fishery at 
Bim-beck. Every one, he said, threw a stone, saying as he di<l 
so, " Pickwinna," (or rather) " Peek weena, 

Send me a deesh of feesh for my deener." 

Alas! the sprats have now forsaken Weston Bay and the 
q>rat fishery seems likely to become a thing of the past. Had 
my old informant been alive he would, I doubt not, have ascribed 
their departure to the neglect of the due observance of Pickwinna. 

The superstition is, I am inclined to think, a very ancient one, 
and well deserving of investigation. Can any correspondent 
throw light upon its origin and meaning ? 

W. F. Rose. 

321. King Charles II. at Coaxden Hall (I. iii. 109.) 
— Part I. — In the above article a question was asked by J. St. 
N. as to the truth of a tradition that after the fight at Worcester 
in Sept., 1 65 1, Charles II. had a narrow escape from his pursuers 
at Coaxden Hall, an old manor house in the parish of Chardstock, 
Dorset, still standing on the main road between the towns of 
Chard and Axminster, and at that time in the possession of a 
gentleman named Cogan, a member of a well-known Chard family, 
in the beginning of the 1 7th century.* 

In reply, (I. v. 197), the story was stoutly asserted by Mr. 
J. S. Udal, Hter Majesty's Attorney-General for the Fiji Islands, 
to be wholly apocryphal. 

In this article Mr. Udal refers to a paper of his own in the 
Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field 
Club (Vol. VIII. pp. 9 — 28), which, as he truly says, treats 
exhaustively of the king's adventures in Dorsetshire immediately 
previous to his embarkation for the continent, which took place 
near Brighton, on Oct. 15th of the same year, as detailed in a 
collection of narratives entitled The Boscohel Tracts ^ edited bv J. 
Hughes, M.A. (Lond. &'Edin., 8vo. 1830.)! The tradition in 
oue5tion(an old one, current in the neighbourhood of Chardstock, 
Axminster and Chard, and not merely confined to the Cogan 
bunilr seems to have been first printed by Mr. Walter Wilson, as 
. nmr l: pjur^ 112, vol. I, of his Life and Times of Daniel Defoe, 
:.-*m: ?r<x 1830). 

r -^ni-rr circumstances which need not here be detailed, having 
^.-i/»- r.T^^ed the attention of the undersigned to these 
— •?»^ "-V :?« Mmself the task of investigating facts, so far as in 

,.v ;nr - * -< task, it may be remarked, was entered upon rather 

-' - "- .^^ 5ci^piicism than otherwise, but with a conviction 

»$ ATowedly written to prove that Charles during his 
.c\£ PuUsdoH House, the seat of Sir Hugh Wyndham. — 
^^^ee, but Mr. Udal's arguments would serve for both 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes <S* Queries. 307 

that something more than a mere denial was necessary in order 
to settle the question ; so that, in addition to a study of the 
Boscobel Tracts, he resolved on an examination of the ground on 
which the story itself was built. With this object he has placed 
himself in communication with different descendants of the 
Coaxden family, whose kindness has enabled him to present 
results shown in this paper, which he purposes to consider under 
the following heads : 

I. The family tradition, including 

a, the gift of the chain : 

b, the loss of the chain : 

f, an account of the silver plate which represents the 

chain at this day : 
d, the descent of the present owners of the plate from 

the losers of the chain. 

II. The King's movements in Somerset and Dorset in 
September, 1651, as related in the Boscobel Tracts; concluding 
with a few general remarks relative to the whole story. 

It will thus be needful, though perhaps at the risk of being 
deemed prolix, to commence by giving Mr. Wilson's version in his 
own words, adding a few comments, in the shape of footnotes as we 
go along : — 

"Amongst the supporters of Cromwell during the Civil War was Richard* 
Cogan. one of whose descendants the author having married, he may be 
excused relating the following anecdote : — The Cogans were originally from 
Ireland, t where they possessed good property, which was much injured by 

* The Chardstock registers would lead one to infer that this Christian name is 
a mistake. 

There we find children of Robert and Maty Cogan baptized from 1634 to 
1643, and in 165 1 there was baptized Richard, son of John and Bridget Cogan 
{mi Bowdage). 

Amongst the Burials appear — 

** 1650, Sept. 2, Richara ye sonne of Robert Cogan. 

1655, Oct. 3, Robert Cogan the elder ofCoxden gentleman. 

1659, May I, Robert the sonne of Robert Sc Marie Coggan." 

t The Cogans, according to the best authorities, seem to have been originally 
a Somerset family, whose head-quarters were at HuntspiU near Bridgwater ; 
they also were Lords of Bampton in Devonshire. These manors came into 
their possession in the reign of Henry II. on the mairiage of Christian daughter 
of William Paganel (or Paynel) with Sir Milo Cogan, who was one of the 
invaders of Ireland under Strongbow, (Collinson, II. p. 390-1.) One 
authority says that Sir Milo **gave name to the manor and parish of Cogan 
near Cardiff,*' (Limbus Patrum Morgania et Glamorgania, oy G. T. Clark 
Lond., Imp. 8vo, 1886.) Others assert that this knight was a Welshman, and 
that he took his name from the place. Be this as it may, it is certain that the 
Cogans at an early date had considerable Somersetshire possessions, and that 
Richard, third in generation from Sir Milo, married Maiy, daughter and heir of 
Sir Richard Wigbere, of Wigborough, John Ostianus's manor in South 
Petherton, which by descent passed to the Fitzwarines, Hankfords and 
Bourchiers. (See Collinson, ut supra.) 

The arms borne by Sir Milo, according to Mr. Claik, were gu, 3 mulberry 
leaves ajwr^— (probably a printer's error for " argent.'^) 

In the 1 6th and 17U1 centuries, they appear in the Visitation of Somerset, 

Somerut S* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 309 

So far Mr. Wilson, a^inst whose bona fides in writing the 
above there is no imputation. He was a member of the Inner 
Temple, numbering amongst his friends and associates such men 
as Charles Lamb, William Godwin, Wm. Hone the antiquary, and 
other literary characters of the day. 

Attention has also lately (1891) been re-directed to the story, 
by the appearance of an illustrated booklet published by Elliot 
Stock, entitled '* King Charles the Second and the Cogans of 
Coaxdon Manor, — A missing chapter in thi Boscobel Tracts, Edited 
by a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries." (Mr. T. C. Hine of 
Nottingham, a gentleman also connected by marriage with 
descendants of the Cogans).* 

Now let us see what other members of the family can tell us. 

In the course of the past year, the writer received from Mr. J. 
Cogan Conway of Ringwood, Hants, the following 'Notes,' 
which may be considered a ' Brief* for the whole case. 

<<Chau.ks thr Second and Coaxdon.— In the ifoU% 6* Qmrus for 
Somerset S* Dorset, dated Septr. 1888, pa. 80, J. St. N. asks what foundation 
exists for the story of Charles the Second's concealment at Coaxdon, and wha 
was Wilson's authority for giving the same in his Life 0/ Defoe ? 

The foundation is family tradition, and Wilson's authonty was his mother- 
in-law, who was a daughter of the lady who parted with the chain. 

It b only recently that J. St. N's question, and Mr. Udal's subsequent 
communication in the part for March, 1809, page 136, where he authoritatively 
dismisses the whole story as apocryphal, have come under my notice, but I 
have been familiar with the tradition from my infancy. My father had it from 
his father, who was a son of the lady who sold the chain. One of the cups 
which was taken in exchange for the chain, descended to my father, and is now 
in my possession. I have often heard my father and my uncles teU the story 
as it appears in Wilson's Memoirs of Defoe, and as they heard it from their 
immediate ancestors who had seen the chain. 

Coaxdon came to the Wills family by marriage, John Wills having married 
Sarah, the daughter of Richard Coean, in 1778. 

It is said that the chain was to descend to the eldest daughter of the eldest 
daughter, which accounts for its possession by my great grand- mother, Mrs. 
RolMurt Conway, whose maiden name was Bryant, though her mother's maiden 
name was Cogan. I have always heard that the reason why she parted with it, 
was because she was in the habit of wearing it when riding, and she frequently lost 
it. Being of rather a quick, hasty temper she parted with it in exchange for more 
useAil articles of plate, to the Exeter Jew who happened to come by when she 
recovered it after the last occasion of its loss, and before her irritation had 
subsided. Her husband and elder sons were away at the time, and on their 
return, on discovering what had taken place, they at once set forth to endeavour 
to recover the diain but without success." 

J. CoGAN Conway, Ringwood, Hants. 

Thus it appears that it was a Mrs. Robert Conway who 
exchanged the chain for silver plate. Her husband Mr. Robert 

♦ This little book, whilst giving a very brief but fair risumi of the King's 
adventures after Worcester Fight, together with an illustrated description of 
Coaxden Hall, assumes without question the truth of the tradition as recounted 
by Wilson. 

3IO Somerset <^• Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

Conway was a well known Dorsetshire gentleman ; he is mentioned 
by Hutchins in his History of Dorset^ Vol. II. pa. 105, as one of 
the lessees of the manor of Netherbury near Beaminster in 1795- 
Mrs. R. Conway's mother was a Mrs. Bryant whose maiden name 
was Cogan. The Bryants were also well known Dorsetshire 
people mentioned by Hutchins (Vol. II. pa. 327.) 

The plate of which Mr. Conway speaks as taken in exchange 
for the chain, consisted originally of two salt cellars, which went 
to a branch of the family that has been lost sight of, and two 
mugs or small tankards, one of which has descended, as has been 
seen, to himself, and the other to the lady who writes as follows : 

** I believe in the story of the chain as told by Walter Wilson. I remember 
when I was quite yomig how my imagination was wrought upon by hearmg 
one of my Aunts (Mrs. Francis) describe the scene when her father returned 
home after a short absence, and being told by his wife that she had sold the 
chain ; — how he mounted his horse in hot haste to follow the Jew, and how he 
found him at Exeter, hut only to return with the sad story of its having been 
melted down ! All this made a vivid impression on my mind. This aunt also 
told me how her mother was vexed when she dropped the chain, and a heavy 
cart-wheel went over it.*' 

• • • • • 

** I have often heard my Aunt, Mrs. Francis, describe the chain and locket." 
Susan Tatham, North Hill, Highgate, N. May, 1892. 

This lady also states that when the chain was lost, Mr. 
Robert Conway was residing at Maperton near Beaminster, 
Dorset, and it was from thence he started in search of the Jew. 
The above circumstances are presumed to have occurred about 
the year 1789, or perhaps a little earlier. 

Miss Hine of Thickthom, near Ilminster, a great grand- 
daughter of Mrs. Robert Conway, has (quite independently) 
corroborated Mrs. Tatham's account of the circumstances 
attending the loss and subsequent exchange of the chain, which 
being as Mr. Wilson says *Mong and massive," was doubtless 
made the most of by Mrs. Conway when driving her unfortunate 

The larger of the two cups figured on the page opposite has 
descended to Mr. J. Cogan Conway, and bears the Hall date-mark 
indicatingA.D. 1766-7. It stands4^ inches high, measures just over 
3 inches across the mouth and is a little more in diameter at the foot. 

Its weight is 8oz. 2dwt. It has the letters r e engraved on the 
handle, and on its face the arms following, 

On a fess a (?) lion passant, between three trefoils or slips of leaves, erect, 
2 and I. 

Crest, a demi lion holding a trefoil as above in his right paw. 
Motto, * Gradatun.' 
Mrs. Tatham's cup is rather smaller and has no armorial 
bearings. It measures 4 inches in height, if inches across the 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 311 

lip, and 2J inches across the foot. It weighs 6Joz. troy, and 
holds exactly an imperial half-pint. The shape is the same as 
that of the mug belonging to Mr. Conway, and the date mark (an 
old English K) is precisely similar. The initials R. and E. 
underneath a C. in ornate italics, appear on that part occupied by 
the coat of arms on the bigger cup. With regard to the aforenamed 
arms, they are a puzzle. A reference to Burke shews that they 
are certainly not Conway or Brj'ant arms, and they are apparently 
not the arms of any known branch of the Cogan family, although 
there is a faint superficial resemblance between them. Even if 
they were, one does not see how they came there, bearing in 
mind the date of the cup. An application to the College of 
Arms has produced no satisfactory result ; Papworth fails to 
enlighten us ; and Burke's General Armoury does not help us much, 
if at all. An application to some of the most accomplished 
Heraldic students in the country has been equally barren in results. 

The Cogan arms, according to various authorities, are here 
given — 

CooAN OF Cogan — G«., 3 mulbeny leaves axwt (or argent) (Clark, op. cit.) 

Cogan of Ireland— Sa., 3 pine-apples, argent; also G«., 3 oak leaves, ar, 

Cogan of Chard— Gk., 3 aspin leaves argent, 

Cogan — Heralds Office, Load : C. 24. GuleSf 3 laurel leaves, arg., in chief a 
mullet of 6 points, or. 

Cogan — Arg., 3 aspin leaves, gules. Another, 3 aspin leaves slipped , arg. 
(Burke*s General Armoury.) 

CooAN of Chard— Gtf., 3 leaves erect, arg. {Visitation of Somerset, 1623.) 

These last arms, as the learned Editor informs the writer, 
were taken from Sir Thomas Phillips's pedigrees, printed at the 
" Middle Hill Press." 

How far the above charges can be related to those found on 
Mr. Conway's cup, must be left to the judgment of the readers of 
N. 6f Q. for S. <S- B. The writer's own idea is either that Mrs. 
R. Conway, having seen some arms already engraved on the cup, 
was attracted by their seeming resemblance to the Cogan cogni- 
zance, and so made up her mind to buy it and its companion, — or, 
that if engraved subsequently, the arms are those of a branch of 
the family whose shield has so far not been discovered. Under 
the latter supposition, however, it would be imagined that both 
cups would have borne a similar escutcheon. 

With respect to his informants, the writer would observe that 
they consist of ladies and gentlemen of good social position. 
They are persons whose word would be unhesitatingly taken on 
any of the ordinary affairs of life ; and who, beyond doubt, desire to 
be absolutely truthful in giving the above information, which it is 
feared has been elicited as the outcome of many troublesome 
questions on the part of the writer. 

Their descent from the last owners of the chain is here given. 


SomiTsei S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 


hi|-a ill. 
-^.s^-M Lb 

Somerset & Dorset Notes &• Queries. 313 

The query that now arises is, what does the foregoing infonna- 
tion amount to, and what are its bearings on the question at 
issue ? 

In reply, it is confidently submitted that all the evidence here 
adduced tends to prove, so far as can be proved at the present day, 
the following facts : 

I St. That there once existed in the family of Cogan, of 
Coaxden, a valuable chain and pendant, the subject of the legend 
in question. 

2ndly. That such chain was parted with under the circum- 
stances above related. 

3rdly. That the two mugs or small tankards at present in the 
possession respectively of Mr. Henry Tatham, of North Hill, High- 
gate, and Mr. J. Cogan Conway, of Ringwood, Hants, form a 
portion of the plate for which the spoiled chain was exchanged by 
their ancestress, Mrs. Elizabeth Conway, who inherited the said 
chain through her grandmother, Mrs. Cogan. 

It is intended that an examination of the movements of 
Charles II. in the counties of Somerset and Dorset after his flight 
from Worcester, and an enquiry into the validity of the Coaxden 
tradition, shall form the subject of a future article. 

Hugh Norris, South Petherton. 

322. Bailiff's Accounts. Manor of Sandford Orcas. 
— In the course of the restoration, some 20 years ago, by Mr. 
Hubert Hutchings, of the extremely interesting and picturesque 
Manor House of Sandford Orcas, situated in the S.£. comer of 
Somerset, a collection of ancient articles was found concealed 
beneath the floor of a room in the roof. The discovery was made 
on 28th Nov., 1873, and the find included a Roll of Accounts of 
the Bailiff of the Manor, temp. Rd. II., extending from Michaelmas 
to Michaelmas, 1398-99, two deeds of the reigns of Edward I. and 
Edward III., a leather purse, a pair of scissors and two knives in 
sheath, two other knives in sheath, a buckle and two small clay 
tobacco pipes. 

The Roll is valuable as showing the income of the Manor, 
derived from sale of grain, £6 15s. od., perquisites of courts, 13d., a 
casual heriot on the death of William Mabely, 3s. 4d., John 
Sawyere's fine, 40s., and 30s. more from the land of Robert Prout. 
The total is not mentioned in the Roll, but would amount to 
;^io 9s. 5d. 

The outgoings were 

I. Pa3rments to the smith and carpenter, cost of shoeing 
one horse, purchase of harrow and iron pins (kyvyllis) for the 
same, and purchase of 1 2 hurdles for the lord's fold. 

314 Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 

2. To the bailiff of Redelane, for release of suits due to his 
lord, 23. ; — for a moiety of a 15th due to the King, i8d. ; — and 
2d. to the aforesaid bailiff for rents of the tenants of late William 

3. Cost of thrashing, hoeing, mowing, reaping, &c. 

4. Yearly salaries to the Bailiff 13s. 4d., to the cattle 
driver or neatherd (fugantis*) 6s. 8d., and to the shepherd 6s. 8d. 

The grain grown on the estate consisted of wheat, (frumentum) 
winter wheat (siligo), barley, oats, beans, peas, vetches (vesces), 
and dredge or drag (dragettum), the latter being barley and oats 
sown together. The ultimate destination of the grain is carefully 
accounted for, being in part sold, or reserved for seed, in part 
delivered to the servants (viz. the bailiff, the neatherd and the 
jshepherd), or " ad hospitium domini," and in the case of beans 
disposed of " in porcorum sustinacione." 

The copy of the Roll which follows, with the contractions of 
the original expanded, was made by the late Mr. Joseph Burtt of 
the Public Record Office, London. 

The mention of the feast of St. Barnabas, 22 Rd. IL, fixes 
the date of the year to which it refers. 

The Editors' thanks are due to Mr. Hutchings for kindly 
allowing the Roll to be printed in the pages of .9. 6f B, N. 6f Q. 

, , . . ford Compotns Thome ballivi ibidem .... Michaelis amio regni Regis 

Ricardi secmidi usque ad idem festum proxime .... 
Redditus £t respondet de .... operibus tenentium ibidem. 
Exitus £t de xviij .... venditis apud Parr .... in le Mulham tempore 

nianerii estivali .... 

Vendicio £t de xlixs. iiijd. de ix quarteriis ij btissellis . . . .£t de izs. iiijd. de 
blndi j quarteriis frumenti precium busselli vijd. £t de xiijs. iiijd. de ij 

vjli. xvs. quarteriis .... precium busielli xd. £t de xxxii^s. viijd. [nude vij 
^uarteiia precium busselli yjd., ii quarteria precium bu^seUi vd.f] de 
ix quarteriis siligiilis predum busselli .... £t de tijs iiijd. de j 
quarterio ordei precium busselli vd. £t de xiijs. yjd. de vj quarteriis 
yj bussellis avenarum precium busselli iijd. £t de xnija. de n| 
bussellis fabarum precium busselli yjd. £t de xjs. ^d. [de] ii 
quarteriis vij bussellis pisanim precium busselli yjd. £t de iijs. de j 
quarterio iiij bussellis vescium precium busselli iijd. 
Summa [blank.] 
Perquisita £t de xiijd. perc^uisitis curiarum tentarum ibidem die Martis proxime 
curiarum ante festum sancti Bamabe apostoli anno regni Regis Ricardi secundi 
xxijdo. £t de iijs. iiijd. nomine heriette Willielmi Mabely. £t de 
xls. de fine Johannis Sawyere. £t de xxxs. de terre Robert! Prout. 
Summa rblank.J 
Summa totalis receptarum [blank.] 
Custus In stipendiis fabri per annum yjs. viijd. In ferrura j equi viijd. In 

carucarum j hcrda de novo empta ixd. In kyvyllis ferreis emptis pro dicta heicia 
et aliis xd. In carpentario ad faciendum per ij dies [blank.] 
Summa [blank.] 

♦ The person employed to drive the cattle to and from pasture, 
t The foregoing words in brackets are interlined. 

Somerset <S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 315 

Soladones £t de ijs. lolntis ballivo de Redelane pro sectis domini relaxandis 
forinsece per annum. Item solndi pro medieUte zt« domini Re^ xviij d. 
Item lolatis ijd. eidem iMQliao pro redditibus tenenttmn nuper 
Willielmi Mabuy ex consoetudine. 

Smnma [blank.} 
Titnra- Item in zzxi quarteriis firamenti titnrati ad tascham yiijs. iijd. 

clones |>reciam qnarterii iijd. Item in ix quarteriis ij bnssellis siliginis 
titmate ad tascham ijs. iijd. predmn (quartern .... In xxv quarteriis 
vij bussellis ordei titurati ad tascham liijs. ijd. predmn j^uarterii ijd. 
Item in iiij quarteriis fabarum tituratamm ad tascham yiijd. precium 
quarterii ijd. Item in iij quarteriis iij bussellis pisarum tituratarum 
ad tascham vjd. predum quarterii ijd. Item in j quarterio ij bussellis 
vesdum tituratarum ad tascham ijd. predum quarterii ijd. Item de 
vij quarteriis v bussellis dragetti titurati ad tascham xvd. predum 
quartern ijd. Item in xviij (juarteriis aveaarnm tituratarum ad 
tascham ijs. xd. predum quarterii ijd. 
Summa [blank.] 
Sarculado In bladis domini sarculatis hoc anno cum viij hominibus per j 
dimidiam diem viijd. 


Falcado In |l)lank] falcatis ad tascham vjs. viijd. In j acra prati carucati 

falcati ad tascham yjd. ex consuetudine. 

Summa [blank.] 

Expense In stipendiis hominum et mulierum metentium ligantium et 

Autumpni conportantium blada xxviijs. In pane ut extra [blank.] 

Summa |7>Uuik.] 
Stipendia In stipendio ballivi xuis. iiijd. In stipendio j fugantis per annum 
vj s. viijd. In stipendio bercarii per annum vjs. viijd. 
Summa p)laiik.] 
Expense In xij dadis emptis pro falda domini viijd. 
necessarie , Summa [blank.] 

[In dorso] 
[De xxxi quarteriis frumenti] titurati ad tascham .... iiijs. In 
lib (?) . • . . ensur (?).... j ... . In ... . 
Et [blank.] 
[Et de ix quarteriis ij bussellis siliginis titurate ad tascham] .... 
De .... 

Et rblank.l 
Ordium Et de xxv quarteriis vij [bussellis] .... de exitibus titurationis ad 


Summa [blank.] 
De quibus in semine vij quarteria. In missis ad hospitium domini iiij 
quarteriis iij bussellis. In capon .... iiij bussellis. In .... iij 
bussellis. In vendito infra j cjuarterio fv bussellis erased]. In liboato 
famuHs inferius xij quarteriis uij bussellis. 

Summa [blank.] Et [blank.] 
Fabe Et de iiij quarterib fabarum de .... tituratarum ad tascham. 

Summa [blank.] 
De quibus liberati ad hospidum domini iij quarteria v busselli. In 
porcorum sustinadone iij busselli. 

Summa [blank.! Et [blank.] 
Pise Et de iij quarteriis iij bussellis pisarum tituratarum ad tascham. 

Summa [blank.] 
De quibus in liberatis pro hospido domini iij bussellis. In venditis 
infra ij quarteriis iij bussellis. In semine iiij bussellL 
Summa [blank.] Et [blank.] 
Vesces Et de ij quarteriis vesdum tituratarum ad tascham. 

Summa [blank.] 

3i6 Sonufset &> Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

De ^aibas in semine iij busselli liberati pro hosptdo domini vq 
busselli. In venditi infra j quarterium ij busselli. 
Summa [blank.] £t J>lank.] 
Dragettnm £t de vij qoarteriis [et] dimidio bnsscllo dragetd de exitibns 
tituradonis ad tascbam. 

Somma [blank.] 
De quibuf liberati ad hospiaom uj quarteria iiij busselli. In semine 
iiij quarteria iq busselli. 

Summa [blank.] £t [blank.] 
ATene £t de zvij quarteriis yj bussellis avenarum de ezitibus tituracionis 

ad tasdiam. 

Summa [blank.] 
De quibus in semine ix quarteria. In liberatis lamulis pro potagio 
j quarterio iiij bussellis. In venditis infra nj (? yj) quarteriis vj 

Summa rblank.J £t[blank.J 

Liber- In liberadonibus bsulivi iiij quarteria ij busselli ordei iij busselli 

adones frumenti per annum. In liberadone bercaio iiJ quarteria ij busselli 

famulis] ordei. In liberadone j fugads per annum iiij quarteria ordei ij 

busselli frumenti. 

Summa [blank.] £t [blank.] 

323, Dorset administrations. — Continued, — (II. ix. 10, 
X.49, xi. 78, xii. 113, xiii. 150, xiv. 178, xv. 217, xvi. 242, III. xvii. 8, 
xviii. 57, xix. 94, xx. 151, xxi. 183, xxii. 233, xxiii. 279.) 

1 641. 

Grantee h Belationiihip Date of 

Folio. Name of Deceased. Parish. to Deceased. AdministratioD. 

63 Barnes, Thomas Bradford Mary, relict 9 Aug., 164 1 

C2 Boudich, George Chardstodc £lizabeth, relict 20 Tuly, 1641 

83 Cartwright, Joan, Sherborne Christian Dewdney, sister 8Nov.,i64i 

59 Coker, Matthew Dorchester Robert, brother, during 24 Aug., 164 1 

minority of Martha. 

Mary, Joan and 

Coker, daughters of de- 
21 Drake, Henry, arm. Childhay (jiles Studley, creditor. 4 Mar., 1640 

Lady Anna Champer- 
nowne, widow, relict, 
not administering 
37 £bume al*s War- see Warden 


65 Fitijames, Robert Holnest Penelope, relict 2 Sep., 1641 

69 Fry, John, widower, Tarrant Gun- John Fry, grandson 20 Sep., 1641 


5 Gralton, Thomas Beare Regis Catherine, relict 4 Jan., ib^o 

81 Grillingham, Rich> lillington Joane, relict 29 Not., 1641 

ard, clerk, rector of 
8 Greene, John, Winfrith New- John, father. (Letters of 23 Jan., 1640 

bachelor brough May, 1640, revoked) 

54 Hardy, John Beamister Riqhard Churchill of Dor- 5 July, 164 1 

Chester, Woollen Draper, 
3 Hayward, Richard Maperton Dorothy, relict 13 JfUi>» 1&40 

16 Hodder, £dward Whitchurch Joane, relict 12 Feb., 1640 

36 Hoskins al'sHarri- Bradford Richard Harrison, son 24 May, 164 1 

son, £dith 

Somerut &• Dorstt Notes <S> QuerUs. 


Folio. Name of DeoaMed. 
51 Hutchins, Thomas 

5 Lambert, Tolm 
19 Moorecocke, John 
76 Mullens, Richard 



52 Phillipp, Hugh Dorchester 

81 Readal'sTowmey, 

73 Underwood, 

Joseph, widower 

37 Warden al*s 
Ebume, Jane 

91 Ward, Robert, 

West al's 


OrantM ft B«latioiMhIp 

John Gollopp, "nepoti" 
and creditor. Richard 
Hntchins, son, not ad- 

Walter, son 

Agnes, relict 

Roger, brother, during 
minority of Richard, 
William and John, child- 
ren. Elizalieth, relict, 
not administering. 

Thomas Stock, of Lum- 
bard street, London, 

William Read, husband 

Edward Underwood of 
St. Stephens, Walbrooky 
London, Citizen and 
Grocer, kinsman and 
creditor, with consent of 
Toseph Underwood, son 
Wimbome St. John Ebume, brother, and 
Giles Anne Gray al*s Ebume, 

Wimbome Thomas, brother 

122 AUambridge, 

136 Beaton, Robert 
127 Bragge, Ann, spin- 
153 Bun, John 

172 Fenton. Agnes 

141 Gaylord, Peter 
101 Glisson, Walter, 

rector of 
153 Hardy, John, 

153 Henvill, Joan 

173 HiD, William 


Agnes, relict 

Date of 
3 July, 1641 

23 Jan., 1640 
II Mar., 1640 
23 Oct, 1641 

16 July, 1641 

17 Nov., 1641 
9 Oct., 1641 

17 May, 1 641 
20 Dec., 1 641 

4 Apl., 1642 

Over Compton 





13 Tune, 1642 
of 22 May, I 


Henry, son 
Margaret, now wife 

John Bragge, mother 
Susan, relict 19 Aug., 1642 

Roger, Thomas, and Ann 20 Nov., 1642 

May, grand-children 
Emme, relict 21 June. 1642 

Mary, relict. Letters ot 31 Jan., 1641 

Nov. 1639, cancelled 
Thomas, son 16 Aug., 1642 

153 Hurd, William 
172 May, Elizabeth 

104 Melmouth, John 
172 Olivian, Francis 

176 Sock, WiUiam 

John Salisbury, brother 26 Aug., 1642 
Joan Maddeme al*s Hill, 4 Nov., 1642 
widow, daughter. Chris- 
tian Hill, widow, not 
having fully administer- 
ed. Former letters Feb- 
ruary, 1625 
Sherbome Grace, relict 25 Aug., 1642 

Stalbridge Roger, Thomas and Ann 20 Nov., 1642 

May, children 
Swanidge Ursula, relict 14 Feb., 1641 

Blandford Frederick Sagittary, kins- 19 Nov., 1642 

forum man 
Caundle Pus John, brother 31 Dec,, 1642 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 

Folio. Name of D«ceaMd. ParlBh. 

Grantee ft Belatioiuhip 
to Deceaeed. 

Date of 


3 Butler, Henry Hanley Henry, son 7 Jan., 1642 

The Administration Act Book for this year contains Acts for the months of 
January to May, inclusive, and one Act only for July. 


The following note appears in the Act Book for this year :— ** There were noe 
Administrac'ons graunted at London in Ano 1644, untul November that yeate ; 
when there was a new scale made for this office by authoritie of Parliament." 


22 Allen, John 
48 Bale, Benjamin 
24 Berry, Nathaniel 
70 Bishop, John 
33 Bond, Thomas 

40 Carswell, Robert 

40 Huett, Samuel 

41 Orchard, Roger 
62 Pitts, John 

31 Powlett, William 
41 Seaward, John 

47 Tucker, Arthur 

48 Williams, Stephen 

88 Ash, William 

Lime Regis 
Exeter, died at 

Lime Regis 
Lyme Regis 
Lyme Regis 
Lyme Regis 
Lyn Regis* 'CO, 

Dorset " 

Thomas, brother 
Ann, relict 
Ann, relict 
Thomas, father 
Mary, relict 

Alice, relict 
Ann, relict 
Thomas, brother 
Hanna, relict 
John Crabb, creditor 
Frances, mother 
Elizabeth, relict 

20 Jan., 1644 

10 May, 1645 
30 Jan., 1644 

11 Aug., 1645 

8 Mar. 1644 

24 ApL, 1645 
29Apl.. 1645 
24 Apl., 1^5 
24 June, 1645 
22 Mar.. 1644 

9 Apl., 1645 

12 May, 1645 

Henry Williams, brother, 18 May, 1645 
during minority of 
Dawbney Williams, son 
of deceased. 


Sturminster William, son 
99 Blanchard, Susanna *' Katherine co. MaryWhittington, 

Dorset." daughter 

94 Bowdich, William Dallwood, died Henry, nephew 

117 Bowdich, Henry Chardstock Ann, relict 
74 Browne, Robert Corff Castle Elizabeth, relict 
82 Budden, Cbristo- West Moore, William Lockyer, 
pher Gussage All grandson 

61 Chafie, Richard Carey 
88 Cockeram, William Eastholme 


20 July, 1646 
4 Aug., 1646 

29 Aug., 1646 

13 Oct., 1646 
1 1 June, 1646 

21 July, 1646 

33 Coker Robert 

95 CoUard, Amias 

156 Combe, Walter 

72 Cradock, Richard 

Stower Pa3me 





Audrie, relict 

Ann, relict 

Richard, nephew 

Joan, relict 

Thomas Baskett and Rich- 
ard Seamer, father of 
William Seamer, grand- 
son of deceased, during 
his minority. 

Dorothy, relict 

30 May, 1646 
18 July, 1646 
30 Mar., 1645 
7 Aug., 1646 
21 Dec, 1646 

6 June, 1646 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 


Folio. Name of Doeetatd. 
35 Dcnnys, Jonas 


OnuitM ft Balatioiiahip 

Data of 


85 Dolinge, Henry 
150 Donne, William 


Corff Castle 

John Pomery, guardian of 17 May, 1646 

Thomaiine, daughter of 

deceased, during her 

minority and that of 

Dorothy, Frances, and 

Elizabeth, also daughters 

of deceased. 
Jane, relict 

42 Edmonds, Stephen 
78 Edmonds, Thomas 

Abbott Bury 
Lyme Regis 

59 ETerard, John 

60 Fooke, Robert 

106 Fry, Jbhn 
131 Fry, William 
9 Grnggs, George 
59 Guppie. Rebecca, 

115 Guppie, Ezekiel 

Charlton Mar^ 


Corff Castle 
Lyme Regis 

South Perrott 

John, fJEither, during min- 26 
oritvof John, Elizabeth, 
William, Samuel, James 
and Joseph, children of 

Barsheba Edmonds, sister 28 

Thomas Sprake and Joane 12 
Sprake al's Edmonds, 
his wife, sister of de- 

Ellen, relict 14 

Robert Fook, son, and 27 

Ann Shackle, daughter 
Thomazine, relict 10 

Lawrence, brother 10 

Sarah, relict 7 

Ellen Mudford, sister dur- 28 
ing minority of Rebecca, 
daughter of deceased 
Francis and Bernard, sons 3 

July, 1646 
Dec, 1646 

{To de continued,) 


Apl., 1646 
June, 1646 

May, 1646 

Apl., 1646 

Sept., 1646 
Oct., 1046 
Jan., 1645 
May, 1646 

Oct., 1646 

S. Fry. 

324. Rolls, Rolle or Rawle Family. (III. xx. 
134, xxi. 214.)— 

There does not appear to have been any near kinship existing 
in the latter half of the sixteenth century between the Devonshire 
family of Rolle, and the Rawles of Somerset and Dorset, though 
they may have sprung from the same stock originally. The 
members of the first-named family — ^judging from their Wills- — 
seem to have been chiefly engaged in mercantile pursuits ; while 
the latter appear to have been yeomen. However, before referring 
more particularly to the branches of this family, it will perhaps be 
well to consider briefly the origin of the name. 

In Subsidy Rolls, Wills, Parish Registers and ancient docu- 
ments generally, the name is variously spelt, the following 
being some of the forms occurring : — Raul, Raule, Rale, Rawle, 
Rawley, Rawlie, Raleg, Rail, Rawell, Roll, Rolle, Rowles, and 
Rawles. There can be but little doubt that these names are all 
from one and the same derivative, viz : — the Norman Radulphus or 
Ralph, and its diminutive Raoul, which in their turn came from 

320 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

the Scandinavian Rollo» the different fonns mentioned being^ 
but variants of the same name, which have arisen at different 
times, through individual differences in pronunciation. At the 
present time, those who bear the surname Rawle pronomice that 
word as a monosyllable rhyming with Paul. Yet it is by no 
means unusual to hear persons, who are unfamiliar with the name, 
sounding it as a word of two syllables — Raw-le. Numerous 
instances of this variation might be cited, but which the following 
case sufficiently illustrates. — 

In a subsidy levied 14th Henry VIII., 1523, John Rawell was 
assessed at Selworthy. He died about 1540, and in 1546 his 
widow Cecilia Rawle was taxed. In the rolls recording these two 
assessments, the name is written as above ; but in the wills both 
of John and Cecilia, the surname is spelled Rawlie, indicating, 
apparently, that the testators themselves used the bi-syllabic form 
of pronunciation, which the scribe wrote phonetically. In the 
fragment of an Elizabethan Burial Register of Selworthy — 
discovered a few years ago amongst some old parish papers by 
the Rev. F. Hancock, to whom I am indebted for extracts — the 
name is written Rawle. 

In an Inquisition Post Mortem, 51st Henry III., 1267, Raul 
is the form used, and it so occurs again 2nd Edward I. In the 
record of a subsidy levied ist Edward III., 1327, the name is 
written Raules, Roules, and Rol. In another, dated 1 3th Henry IV., 
141 2, John Raule and Simon Rale are both returned as holding 
lands in Somerset to the value of ;^2o per annum ; while in a 
later assessment, made 6th Henry VI., 1428, the names of John 
Rawle and John de Raleg occur. 

In 1422, William Roll was instituted to the rectory of 
Camelly [Ep. Reg. Bub. iSqland in 1462, William Rowle became 
Vicar of Compton Dundon [Ep. Reg. Beck. 273]. 

The following extract from an Issue Roll of the Exchequer, 
dated 4th Edward IV., 1464, relates to one of the family: — 

" To Nicholas Rawle, Chaplain, who, by the King's command, 
celebrated and performed divine service in the Chapel of the 
Blessed Mary of Berkynge near the Tower of London, by praying 
to God and the Blessed Mary for the prosperity and good success 
of the said Lord the King, and for the salvation of the soul of 
the most Noble and famous Prince of worthy memory the Duke 
of York, the King's father. In money paid him by assignment 
made this day by the hands of Richard Warner in advance for the 
/^ 10 yearly granted him by the present Lord the King, until the 
said Lord the King should otherwise provide for the said yearly 
salai^^of the said Nicholas Rawle." 

The will of John Rawley was proved at Lambeth in 1458, 
and as it is one of the earliest testamentary records of a member 
of this family, and illustrates besides some funeral customs of 
more than five centuries ago, is here given in full. 

Sotnersii S* Dorset Notes 6- Queries, 321 

" In Dei Nom*« Amen, the xxj dale of Aprill in the yere of 
our lord god MCCCC and Iviij — I John Rawley, Citizen and 
Mercer of London, w*** hoole Mjrnde make my Testament and my 
last Wille w*^ myn owen hand of this wise. fl5rst I commit my 
Soule to the holy Trinitie, our lady saint Mary, seint Cxstofer and 
all the Seintes in heven. And my body to be^ Buried wher my 
wiff semjrth best. Item, I Wille haue to ye pson my mortuary 
after y« Custome of ye Cite. Item, I wil haue iiij Torches 
buryninge at my bureying and at the masse whereof. I wil ij 
torches be .... wen to Seint Pancras Church, A nother to my 
Bretherhode of y« Trinitie at ye Bowe in Chepe. And ye fourth 
torche to ower Lady of petie at Westminster. Item, I wil that 
euery prest singinge at my Dirge and Masse haue iiij^ And ye 
Clerke of ye Church after the usuage. Item, I wil yat Elizabeth 
my Doughter haue x^ and yf she Dissease w*^** age To be 
Disposed for my soule and for the soules of John Rawley of 
Ratfdrd and Elizabeth his wiflf by the Discression of my wif. 
Item, I wil ye Bretherhode of Seint John Baptist, that is to say the 

Bretherhode of haue xx^ Item, I wil that John 

Gooldwell, Mercer ; and John Belhin in Seint Pancras pishe to be 
my oversears. That my Wille be performed hauinge for their 
labours eche of them v mark. Item, I wil my Dettes be paide. 
Item, I wil yat Elizabeth my wif be myn executrix to dispose 
for me after her Discreacon. The residue of my goodes I wille 
that my wif haue household plate alle manner other moueable 
goodes free to hur proper use at her Wille. In Witness whereof 
I haue sette to my seale The daye and yeare abouesaid. These 
Witnesse, Sir John Belle prest, John Taylour and Thomas 
Barnard. Proved at Lambeth Nov'- i6**^» 1458, by Elizabeth the 
relict the executrix named in the will of thfe deceased." [P.C.C., 
Stockton 14.] 

An early instance of the name being spelled Rolle is found 
in the Will of William Rolle, of Westsirles, dated April 8th, 1501. 
[P.C.C, Blamyr 2]. The testator mentions "Thomas Rolle, 
son of my brother Richard." The Thomas Rolle here referred 
to was evidently the same who was bom at Wimbome, and whose 
Will dated July 19th, 1525, was proved the following year [P.C.C, 
Porch 2]. He gave directions for burial in the churchyard of St. 
Sepulchre, without Newgate, in London, and bequeathed " to the 
Church Wardeyns of our lady and Saint Stevyn, in the said 
Church to be Registered and made a dede brother iijs., iiijd. — to 
the bretherhode of Corpus Xp*^ in the said Church viijd. — to the 
Church of Wymbom Minster, in Dorsetshire, where I was bom, 
for the devocion I haue to the said Churche and Saint Cuthbert, 
vjs., viijd. — ^to Amys Goddard, nowe the wyfe of Walter Goddard, 
my natural mother xxl. to pray for my soule — to the high awter of 
Saint Sepulchre ijs. for tithes and offeringe negligently witholden 
and forgotten — to Sir Roger Standisshe, my goostly father, to 

322 Somerset S» Dorset Notes S» Queries, 

pray for me xijd. — Maister William Rolle, myn uncle, parson of 
Wytchampton, and George RoIIe, of London, hole executors." 

The aforesaid parson, William Rolle, died a few years after, 
and by his Will, proved 1532 [P.C.C., Thrower 3], he named his 
patron Lord Arundell, and his cousin George Rolle, executors. 

In the Will of George Rolle, dated Sept., 1596 ^.C.C, Kidd 
95], the testator is described as of the Middle Temple. He 
alludes to his property in Devon, mentioning his four sisters and 
his brothers Samuel, John, Thomas, Nicholas, Tosias and Valen- 
tine. The last-named of these lived at St. Giles, near Great 
Torrington in Devon, and by his Will, dated August 2nd, 1623, 
[P.C.C., Byrde 29], he bequeathed his property at East Buckland 
to his brother John Rolle. 

From the foregoing particulars it will be seen that the Rolle 
family were connected with Devon, Dorset, and London; but 
what degree of kinship there was between them, and the Rawles 
of West Somerset and North Devon, has not been ascertained. 
It is known that in the sixteenth century a Rawle or Rawles — the 
name here occurs spelled with a final s — was settled in the county 
of Dorset, for in 1575 was proved the Will of William Rawles, of 
Fifehead Neville, yeoman [P.C.C., Carew 31]. He evidently 
had been more than once married, as he gave testamentary 
directions for burial " in the church of Fifehead Neville by my 
wieff last deceased " ; and his widow. Christian, survived him. 
He appears to have been very well off* in respect of cattle, sheep, 
horses, plate, money, etc. ; making bequests to the church of 
Fifehead Neville 6s. 8d. ; to the Cathedral of the Diocese twelve 
pence; to the church of Stoke Wake 3s. 4d.; to the church of 
Sturminster Newton 3s. 4d. ; to the church of Sturton Caundell 
38. 4d. ; to the poor of Fifehead Neville 20s.; to the poor of seven 
other parishes next adjoining, to every one of the said parishes 5s. 
Wife, Christian Rawles, and son, John Rawles, executors. 

John Rawles, son and heir of the above-mentioned William, 
made his Will March 19th, 1609, describing himself as **of East 
Orchard in the parish of Eweme Minster in the Co. of Dorset, 
gentleman," giving instructions for his interment in the church 
of Fifehead Neville ; to the poor of Eweme Minster 40s. ; to the 
poor of Fifehead Neville 40s. ; to the poor of East Orchard 20s. ; 
numerous bequests to grandchildren and relatives of his wife. 
** Residue of my goods, cattells. chattells in East Orchard and 
elsewhere, with all such lands as I shall dye seised of lying within 
the Burrough of Shaston or Fifehead Neville, to Agnes Rawles 
my wyfe for her life, with remainder to my sonne William his 
children." Proved 16 10. [P.C.C, Wingfield 53]. 

The William Rawles mentioned in the foregoing extract 
married a daughter of William Lacy, of Hartow, Stogumber, co. 
Somerset, by whom he had a numerous family. At his death he 
was succeeded by his son John Rawles, who married Elizabeth 

Somerset &* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 323. 

Meggs, of Bradford Peverell. She died early in the latter half of 
the seventeenth century, and was buried with her son, in the 
church at Fifehead Neville : " Elizabeth and John, wife and son 
to John Rawles gent.," so ran the inscription on her tombstone. 
After the period just referred to, but little transpires concerning 
the family ; though doubtless the Registers of Fifehead Neville, 
and possibly those of other parishes in the neighbourhood, 
contain entries relating to them. 

In Somerset, the Rawle family were settled at Oare in the 
reign of Henry VII., and were continuously located in that parish 
down to the second decade of the present century. That they 
were closely related to those of the same name at Selworthy, their 
early Wills afford ample evidence. In course of time certain 
members of this family migrated and settled in adjacent parishes ; 
the Registers of Porlock, Wootton Courtenay, Exford, Brendon^ 
Lynton, and other places in the Exmoor district, contain numerous^ 
references to them. Their Wills are to be found in the Probate 
Registries at Wells, Taunton, Exeter, and Somerset House, 
upwards of one hundred in all, proved between 1530 and 1796. 

In the sixteenth century a John Rawle was settled at the 
barton house of Hennett in S*- Juliot, Co. Cornwall — a parish 
near the north coast adjacent to Boscastle — as is recorded in 
certain Chancery proceedings {Ump. Elizabeth) concerning the 
rectory there. His descendants, through several generations, 
held the manor of Treville down to quite a recent period, the 
Rev. Richard Rawle, D.D., Bishop of Trinidad, being in possession 
of it at the time of his death in 1889. A member of this branch 
of the family, Francis Rawle, having embraced the faith of a sect 
then deridingly known as Quakers, suffered much persecution, ia 
consequence of which he emigrated to America, accompanied by 
a son of his own name. Sailing from Plymouth in the ship 
Desire^ they landed at Philadelphia in the province of Penn- 
sylvania on June 23rd, 1686. The son, Francis Rawle, junior, 
brought with him a Deed from William Penn to himself, dated 
March 1 3th, 1 68^, for two thousand five hundred acres of unenclosed 
land in Pennsylvania. Francis Rawle, the elder, died 1697, and 
was succeeded by his son. His descendants have been continu- 
ously located in Philadelphia ever since. For several generations 
past the family have been connected with the higher branches of 
the legal profession in which they have attained positions of 
eminence. They are at present represented by the Hon. Francis 
Rawle, M.A., Barrister-at-law, seventh in direct line from the 
original emigrant. Edwin John Rawle. 

325. Somerset Dialect (III. xx. 235, xxiii. 304). — ^There 
is na doubt that the dialects of the Western Counties have 
got very much intermingled. I find that many words which 
Mr. Jago, in his excellent work on the Cornish Dialect, gives as 

324 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

purely Celtic are common to other Western Counties, whilst 
others {Kicklish for instance) are common to the Midlands. It 
does not follow that the words in question are not Celtic, bat it 
shows that they are not confined to Celtic localities. 

I venture to give two examples of ** Zummerzetshur " dialect, 
which will fairly illustrate the difference, if difference there be, 
between 1673 and the early part of the present century. Each 
example is doubtless more or less tinctured by the relative 
difference in thought, style and diction. It must also be 
remembered that these verses are written by cultured men who 
vary in their appreciation and adaptation of the uncouth words 
and thoughts of the class they represent in this style of literature. 

The writer of the amusing and clever lines on Bladud and 
the Pigs was Henry Chapman, a very distinguished Bath citizen 
in the reigns of Charles I., Cromwell, and Charles II. He was 
the relentless enemy of Prjmne, whom he pursued with never- 
ceasing malevolence. The family of which he was a member was 
powerful in Bath, and this Henry appears to have exercised an 
influence and a power almost unprecedented, both in the civil and 
political interests of the city. The other example is a touching 
little monologue, showing that, whilst the dialect lends itself to 
the broadest humour, it is none the less effective in expressing 
glowing and sweet poetry. 

R. E. M. Pkach. 


Lad Hndibra^s, a Meazel Voule, did zend his Zan a graezing, 

Who vortuend hither vor to cum, and geed his Pigs smn Peaznn; 

Poor Bladud he was Manger grown, his Dad, which zum call Vather, 

Zet Bladud Pig, and Pig Bladud, and so they ved together. 

Then Bladud did the Pigs invect, who, grunting, ran away. 

And vound whot Waters presently, wMdi made him fresh and gay. 

Bladud was not so grote a Vool, but zeeing whot Pig nid doe, 

He Beath*d and Wash'd, and Rins' d and BeathM, from Noddle down to Toe. 

Bladud was now (gramercy Pig !) a delicate vine Boy, 

So whome he trudges to ms Dad, to be his only Joy ; 

And then he buflt this gaudy Town, and sheer*d his Beard Spade ¥^ys, 

Which Voke accounted then a grace, though not so now-a-days. 

Thwo thousand and vive hundr^ Years, and Thirty vive to that, 

Zince Bladud*s Zwine did looze their Grreaze, which we Modems cal Vat, 

About that Time, it was also, that Ahob*s Zuns were hanged, 

A Jezabel, their Mam, (curz'd deel !) caused Naboth be stone hanged. 

Chee cud zay more, but cham aveard, Voke will account this Vable, 

O Invidles ! if yet woon not me, yet chee pray believe the Table. 


I zing o* Mary Ramsey's Crutch I 

" Thic little thing ! "—Why 'tis'n much 

Its true, bit still I like to touch 

The cap o* Mary Ramsey's Crutch. 

She zed, wheniver she should die, 

£r little crutch she*d gee ta I. 

Did Mary love me ? eese a b'leeve 

Somsrset S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 325. 

She deed — a veo vor her did greere, — 
An bat a veo yor Mary awld, 
OntliT'd er friends, or voon 'em cawld. 
This cratch I had^I ha it still, 
An port wi't wont — ner niver will, 
O' her I lem*d tha cris-cross Idin ; 
I haup that 'tword'n oaite in Tain I 
'Twar her who teach'd me vast ta read 
litch little word as bufui bread ; 
An I da think 'twar her that ater 
Lom'd I ta read tha single ziter. 
Poor Mary dten ased to tell 
O' d^ a past that pleased er well ; 
An mangst tha rest war zom o' jay, 
When I look'd up a little bway. 
She zed I war a good one too. 
An lom'd my book athout tha me.* 
Poor Mary's gwon, a longful time 
Zung now ! er little scolard's prime 
A-n^-be's oast. — It mast be zaw ; 
There's notning stable here belaw ! 
O' Mary— W left is— er crotch ! 
An thaw a gift, an 'tword'n much 
'Tis troe, still I da like ta touch 
The cap o' Mary Ramsey's cmtch ! 
That I Wd Mary, this ool tell, 
I'll sSl na moor— zaw, fer^ well If 

326. Examine well old Deeds, &c. — Between 60 and 70 
years since I read one of Miss Edgeworth's celebrated novels 
called *• Patronage," in which she describes a trial for the 
recovery of a large estate of which the defendant was in 
possession. The plaintiff apparently proved his case, but the 
defendant produced and put in evidence a deed which, if valid, 
as it appeared to be, entirely defeated the plaintiff's claim, upon 
which the Judge somewhat ominously said to the plaintiff^s 
counsel (a Mr. Faulkner), ** Well, Mr. Faulkner, what do you say to 
all this ? " ** Well, my Lord, I can't carry the plaintiff's case any 
further, except to ask your Lordship to order the seal of the deed 
to be broken." Now, I must here stop to tell your readers that 
deeds in former times were executed with greater solemnity than 
they are at present — they had at their foot strips of parchment 
about 4 inches in length, with large seals of wax at the end, and 
many of them concluded as follows : " In witness whereof the 
party hereto has hereunto set his hand and seal and within the 
said seal put a current coin of the Realm the day and year first 
above written." The deed in question so concluded, the 
Judge ordered the seal to be broken, when lo, and behold, the 
coin found therein was of a reign sometime subsequent to the 
date of the deed, which proved it to be a forgery, and the plaintiff 

* This Lady, when her scholars neglected their duty, or behaved ill, mbbed 
their fingers with the leaves of me. 
t Fare ye well. 


326 Softursct 6* Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

recovered possession of the estate. My family have been located 
in Dorset several centuries, and were always of a very saving torn of 
mind ; recollecting, after reading *' Patronage," this fact, and that 
there were several ancient trunks in the attic of my house 
containing numerous old deeds, letters, &c., I determined to 
overhaul the former and their seals, and the result was that I 
found in the latter several most valuable old coins. Independent 
of what I have stated, old deeds often contain autographs of great 
men, as parties, or as witnesses to their execution, and moreover, 
in their recitals sometimes explain matters and things in parishes 
which have puzzled the inhabitants for years. As regards modem 
papers (envelopes, for instance) never throw them away until 
satisfied there is nothing of value in them. A member of a 
family some years since well known and resident in Dorsetshire, 
and now resident in Ireland, a few years ago wrote to his 
bankers in Dublin with notes and cheques to the amount of ;^76o 
and worded his note as follows, " Please place the enclosed to 
my account" (without naming the amount in his note). He 
put only ;^i6o in the fold of his note, and the remainder outside 
the note, but inside the envelope. On calling at the Bank some 
time after, he was met by the unpleasant question, ** Do you know. 
Sir, you have overdrawn your account ? " His reply was it was 
preposterous, as he had, he was sure, a balance of nearly j^soo. 
The ledgers of the Bank were looked at, and he found he was 
only credited with £160. He left the Bank in no agreeable 
mood, and returned in about an hour enquiring where the Bank 
kept their waste paper, and on being shown a room pretty full, 
said the manager must lend him a clerk to look for his envelope, 
and after several hours search, it was found with the remainder of 
the money in it ; therefore I say, particularly to your younger 
readers, always when you send or apply for money, name the 
amount in your note, and, above all, never throw away an envelope 
without seeing there is nothing left in it. 



have before me an old deed dated in 1353, in the 7th year 
of Edward III. In it Stalbridge is called " Stapelbrigg," 
Stourton Caundle " Candel Haddon," Stalbridge Weston 
** Weston Abbotts," and Caundle Marsh " Candel Mershe." In 
Coker's Survey of Dorset (supposed by Hutchins to have been 
written in or about 1617), Purse Caundle is called ** Pour Scandell," 
and it is stated that some of the lands there were held in 1 293 
by Serjeanty, viz : — ^that the owner " shall entertain the wounded 
Dogges of our Lord the King when the King may hunt in the 
forest of Blackmore and at the expense of the King." Stourton 
Caundle formerly belonged to the Lords de Haddon — it subse- 
quently belonged to the family of Lord Stourton (and hence I 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes & Queries. 327 

presume called Stourton Caundle), and about the middle of the last 
century it was acquired from the Stourtons by the family of Sir H. 
Hoare, to whom the parish now chiefly belongs. Many of your 
readers may recollect that in the time of Queen Mary a Lord 
Stourton (who was doubtless the then owner of the parish) was 
tried by his Peers and convicted of the murder of his steward and 
the steward's son, and in an old pamphlet we are told his last 
request was that he might be hanged with a silken halter, and that 
his tomb may now be seen in Salisbury Cathedral with the halter 
hanging over it. Some 40 years since I went to the Cathedral, and 
was shown the tomb (which has no inscription on it) by an old 
verger, who told me that at the commencement of this century 
the shreds of the halter were still there, but had gradually dropped 
off and disappeared. 

D. H. S. 

328. Somerset Fairs. — ^An important source of revenue 
to a monastery in mediaeval times was the privilege of holding a 
fair : it was usually granted for three days — the eve, day and 
morrow of a certain feast, and during this time all the shops of 
the town were shut, and no goods could be purchased except at 
the stalls of the fair, and for setting up these stalls the monastery 
used to charge a substantial ground rent. Moreover, the jurisdic- 
tion of the monastery extended for some distance round the town, 
and officers were stationed at bridges and other avenues of access 
to the fair to exact toll of all merchandise passing that way; 
some of the monastic rules contain a rubric, " De eunhbus ad 
nundinasy The following instances of fairs granted to monasteries 
either situated in or having property in this county, may be of 
interest to the readers of ^S. S» D, N, S- Q. 

1488 Jan. 23. Grant to Elizabeth the Abbess and to the 
Convent of St. Saviour, Mary the Virgin, and Bridget of Syon, of 
the order of St. Augustine, of St. Saviour called, to hold two fairs 
annually in the town of Yevill, co. Somerset, one at the feast of 
St. Botolph, and the other at the feast of St. Leonard ; to 
commence the day before, and to continue two days after, each of 
those feasts. 

[•* Materials for History of the reign of Henry Vlir (Rolls 
Series) vol. II. 229]. 

1488 Nov. 12. Licence to John Asshe, the Prior, and Convent 
of the church of SS. Peter and Paul of Taunton, and their 
successors for ever, to hold annually two fairs at their town of 
Dulverton, co. Somerset, at the feasts of St. Peter and of SS. 
Simon and Jude, each fair to begin on the day before the feast, 
and last till the end of the day after the same. 

\do. vol. II. 362]. 

1533 April 1 1 . Grant to William, the Abbot, and the Convent 
of the monastery of St. Mary, Bruton, of two yearly fairs of three 

328 SomiTset S» Dorset NoUs & Qunics, 

day's duration, viz., on the eve, day and morrow of the feast of 
St. George the Martyr, and on the eve, day and morrow of the 
Feast of the Nativitv of St. Mary the Virgin, with a court of 
piepowder at the said fairs, before the steward of the said Abbot 
and Convent with the same tolls and customs as at "Bartihnew 

[Letters and Papers, Henry VIII., vol. VI. g. 417 (18)]. 

It will be noticed that as these fairs were the occasions for a 
general holiday, the winter months were naturally avoided, and 
one fair was usually held in the spring or early summer, and the 
other in the autumn. It would be interesting to know if the 
memory of these anniversaries survives, and whether St. Botolph's 
Day (June 17) or St. Leonard's Day (November 6) are in any way 
marked as festivals in the town of Yeovil. 

F. W. Wkavbr. 

329. Richard King, M.P. for Melcombe Regis. (III. 
XX. 149, xxiii. 276, 277). — ^The following reference to Richard 
King, M.P., may be read at p. 352 of the Catalogue of th€ 
Pictures at Sherborne Castle, 1 862 (London : Emily Faithful & Co., 
1862) under the account of the portrait of Col. the Hon. 
John Digby. 

'• In 1 64 1 he was member of Parliament for Milbome Port, 
and Forster gives us an account of a scene in the House of 
Commons in which his name appears. 'In 1641, before the 
recess, Mr. Richard King, member for Melcombe Regis, Dorset, 
took upon himself to declare that in a particular rebuke which 
Mr. Speaker had addressed to another honourable, he had trans- 
gressed his duty in using so disgraceful a speech to so noble a 
fentleman ; and though the House interfered to protect their 
peaker, and Mr. King was commanded to withdraw into the 
Committee Chamber, the matter ended in but a conditional 
apology, with which the House was not satisfied, but the Speaker 
was. The noble gentleman whom it vexed Mr. King to see 
treated with disrespect was the younger brother of Lord Digby, 
Mr. John Digby, who, on the day when his brother would have 
been expelled the House of Commons if the King's letters-patent 
had not issued the night before, calling him to the House of 
Lords, came into the House, and getting upon the ladder that 
stands at the door of the House by which the members thereof 
usually go up to those seats which are over the same door under 
the gallery, he sat still upon the same ladder ; whereupon the 
Speaker, doubtless coupling the act, as a sign of disrespect, with 
a display of insubordination by the same young gentleman on 
discussion of his brother's case the previous day, called out to 
him and desired him to take his place, and not to sit upon the 
said ladder as if he were going to be hanged ; at which many of 
the House laughed, and Mr. King, as aforesaid, was indignant.' " 

C. H. M. 

Sotmrset 6* Dorut Notes S* Queries, 


330. Somerset Christmas Carol.— The old tune •' Caro- 
lina," for ** Whtie Shepherds watched their Flocks by night,'' was a 
great favourite with the old singers of Dunster and the hill 
country of West Somerset. Copied from a manuscript music book 
belonging to one of the old Church singers of Dunster by 

W. Dicker, Schoolmaster, Winsford, Dulverton, Somerset. 




^J | >j^ 



r ' f" r 


While 8hq>heids watched . their flo cks . . by night, All 




o . 

-I — r 

o'i ^^ P\4 ■■' ! - II .-' i i I 


seat - • ed on the ground, 

J. ^ A A ^. 

The An-gel 

'j'4i' I '1 r r I ^ s 









* rrt- 




the Lord . . came down 


^g i r^^^ i H 


And glo • ry shone a • 

glo-ry shone a • ronnd, 




I * r F p- 





And glo-ry shone a-round. And glo-ry shone a*roand. 

r'l' ru u 



• round. And glo-ry shone a • round, 


330 Somerset S> Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

331. Notes on the Parish of Selworthy. i. — Thk 
Church. — Continued (III. xxii. 227, xxiii. 284). — On the south 
wall of the north aisle we find the following monuments, mostlj 
of marble. 

1. Sacred 

to the memory of Charles Staynings Esqre. 

of Holnicote in this parish of vt andent family 

and of Susanna his \nfe Daugnter to Sir Nicolas 

MARTYN of Oxton in the Comity of DEVON 

She departed this lyfe the 8th day of May i68c 

He the 4th day of December 1700 aged 78 hayemg 

made and ordered the following verses to be written 

on his monument 

Here lyes Charles Staynings by his wife 

Who loved him as she (Ud her lyfe 

As hee did her their loves increased 

Till that sad day his wife deceased 

To whom her husband now is gone 

Both lived together thirtv years and one 

This was erected by Willm. MAkTYN, ESQre. his 

Heir and sole Executor in TESTIMONY of his 

profound respect and gratitude Anno 1701 

Above the inscription are emblazoned the arms of Steynings 

and Martyn. 

Arg: a bat sable displayed, 
Arg: 1 bars gules, 

2. This is a very stately monument which bears the follow- 
ing inscription. 

Near this place 

is deposited the Body 


late of Holnicote in this parish 


and also ye Body of HENRIETTA 

his wife 

He was the eldest son and heir 


of the same place Esqre. 

By ELIZABETH the daughter of 


of Pixton in the parish of Dulverton 

in this county Esqre. 

He died the 20th of March 1730 

in the 37th year of his age 

She was one of the daughters 

and coheirs of JOSEPH COLLET 

late of Hertford Castle 

in the county of Hertford Esqre. 

and sometime President 

of Fort St. George in East India 

She died the 13th day of September 

1727 in the 23 year of her age. 


their only daughter and Heir 

died the oih day of December 


in the seventh year 

of her age. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Qmries. 331 

Arms : gules a chevron argent between 3 stars or ; on an escutcheon of 
pretence sable a chevron arg : between 3 stags arg : passant on chevron 
3 mullets sable. 

The elder William Blackford was a Master in Chancery who 
settled at Dunster and bought the Holnicote estate of Charles 
Staynings's heir, William Martyn. On the death of the poor little 
girl heiress, who was but badly looked after, we expect, bereft of 
both her parents and left alone in the world, the estate passed 
to the Dyke family of Pixton, from whom it came through an 
heiress into the Acland family. 

3. A marble monument carved by Chantrey, on which are 
sculptured two heads and beneath them a sextant across a copy 
of Heber's hymns, bears the following inscription : — 

Third son of Sir Thomas and Lady Adand, was bom November ist, 18 12, entered 
the Naval Service in the fourteenUi year of his age on Board of H.M.S. Helicon, 
under the command of his ancle. Captain Charles Adand. Like him, in the cause 
of humanity, fearlessly exposed his life to the deadly influence of African Fever : 
and so died, full of faith and hoi>e and devout affection. May loth, 1837, off the 
Bight of Benin, and was buried in the island of Ascension.' This affliction was 
made known to his parents on the 17th day of July following, and on the 3i8t 
day of the fame month it pleased God to remove from the bosom of their faimly, 
in the tenth year of his age, their youngest child. 

a good little boy early intended for heaven, by the mercy of Him who would have 
little children suffered to come unto Him **and He took them " and '* Blessed 

** The Lord gave, the Lord hath taken away, Blessed be the name of the Lord." 

4. A companion monument by Chantrey representing a 
curtain drawn back and shoeing beneath the head of the officer 
to whose memory it was erected, has the followng inscription. 

Charles Richard Dvke Acland 

third son of Sir Thomas Dyke Adand, Bart. 

died at the Cape of Good Hope April 23, 1828, 

Commander of H.M.S. Helicon 
in the thirty-fiflh year of his age 
The battle's rage o*erwhelmed thee not nor ocean's stormy wave 
Though kindred tears may not bedew thy distant early grave 
In Ddagoa's fatal bay the fever's burning zone 
To save Uie Captive's life from bonds, thou freely gavest thine own 

Oh nurtured in this quiet vale in justice, mercy, truth 
How well thine after years redeemed the promise of thy youth 
With rectitude of purpose blest faith sunple and sincere 
The kindness of a manly heart, the strength of godly fear 

Son, brother, husband, best beloved, we mourn thee not unblest 
Dear is the hope that thou hast gained the haven of thy rest 
Their steadfast love who walk in faith nor death not time destroy 
And they who sow to God in tears shall surely reap in joy. 

(N.B.^These two inscriptions, 3 and 4 are all in capital letteri). 
In the North aisle is a monument to three generations of the 
Stoate family. There are no tombstones of great antiquity or of 
much interest in the Churchyard. 

33^ Somerset 6» Dorset Notes S' Queries. 

Descending from the Church to the Rectory we pass the 15th 
century tithe bam, a somewhat handsome building. Against the 
road is a small window, now blocked up, having a label carried 
partly round it. The label at the point of the arch supports a sheaf 
of corn, and rests, on one side on a lamb, and on the other on a 
pig. These three carvings are said to be emblematical of the three 
principal forms of tithes. The late Lady Acland told the writer 
that she had seen the tithe com put in through this window 
before the Tithe Commutation Act was passed. In the west 
gable end of this building there is a pretty window of local red 
stone of the date of the building in the upper storey, and 
beneath it is a moulded oak one, with heavy iron bars of 
apparently about the same date, but inserted some years ago by 
the present Rector. The Rectory is a picturesque building built 
in two sides of a square. Some parts of it are said to be of great 
antiquity, but it has been much altered. During recent repairs 
the remains of a narrow stone staircase were found in the wall of 
the south wing, which is nearly four feet thick. 

F. Hancock. 
{To be continued). 

332. Some Dorset Deeds. (III. xxii. 265.)— Indenture 
dated 24 March, 1741. Between Thomas Dibbin, of Mamhull, co. 
Dorset, gent., and Anne, his wife late Anne Fry, daughter of 
William Fr}-, of Shapwick, co. Dorset, gent., by Sarah, his late wife, 
deceased* of the i st part, John Glasse, of Carey St., London, gent., 
of the 2nd part, William Salkeld, of Fifehead Neville, co. Dorset, 
Esquire, and Edward Cox, of Gillingham, co. Dorset, gent., of 
the 3rd part, and John Pyne, of Curey Mallet, co. Somerset, Esq., 
of the 4th part. 

Whereas, said Thomas Dibbin and Anne his wife in 
Trinity Term last past, acknowledged in Court of Common Pleas 
a fine sur conuzance de droit comecco unto said John Glasse, concern- 
ing all that messuage or dwelling house called Guest's, formerly 
inhabited by Morgan How, deceased, with the orchards, garden, &c., 
belonging thereto, and of the closes of pasture following, viz., a 
close of 4 acres of pasture called Home Close, also a close of 4 
acres of pasture called Middle Close, also a close of 4 acres of 
pasture called Hale's Close, also 2 closes of i\ acres of pasture 
called Grove, also a close of 2\ acres of pasture called Lower 
Close, and of common of pasture without number in Moore side 
common, and of free common in Shortwood common, also of a 
close of 4 acres of arable called Grasshay, heretofore in tenure of 
said Morgan How, also of a close of i\ acre of meadow called 
Hale's meadow, formerly part of a tenement of Christian Cross 
dec, and afterwards in tenure of said Morgan How, also of a close 
of 8 acres of arable called Bullfurland or Bullfurlong, also a piece 

• Buried 23 Jan. 172 1/2 {Shapwick Register.) 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 333 

of ground of i acre, lately exchanged from Peter Walter, Esq., 
all of which lands are in Mamhull, and now in possession of said 
Thomas Dibbin, of which fine no use has jet been declared. 

Now this Indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
marriage lately had between said Thomas Dibbin and Anne his 
wife, and of ;6+^^ ^^ a marriage portion paid by William Fry to 
Thomas Dibbin, 

It is hereby declared that it is the intent that in order for the 
suffering of a common recovery of the said premises, and for 
cutting ofif the entail the said fine shall be and enure to the use 
of John Glasse, so that he may become the perfect tenant of the 

And it is hereby agreed that William Salkeld and Edward 
Cox shall, before Easter term next, at the cost of Thomas Dibbin, 
sue out a writ of En/ry sur disseisin en h post in the Court of 
Common Pleas against John Glasse, whereby they shall demand 
the said premises from him, unto which John Glasse shall vouch 
to warranty the said Thomas Dibbin, who shall appear and vouch 
over the common vouchee, who shall appear and imparl and then 
make default, so that a perfect common recovery may be suffered 
according to the usual course of common recoveries with double 
voucher, which recovery shall be for the confirming a certain 
mortgage dated 3 April, 1738, made by Thomas Dibbin unto said 
John Pyne, for securing the payment of ;^2oo and interest, and 
afterwards to the use of said Thomas Dibbin for his life, and 
afterwards to the use of William Salkeld and Edward Cox for 
2000 years, upon trust, that after death of Thomas Dibbin, the 
said Wm. Salkeld and Edward Cox, out of the rents, or by sale or 
mortage, shall pay off the said mortgage of ;^2oo and interest, 
and when this is paid off they shall raise a further ;^3oo to be 
paid to such persons, as said Anne Dibbin by her will shall direct, 
or in default of such will to her administrators, in lieu of all dower 
in the lands of Thomas Dibbin. Provided that if said Thomas 
Dibbin shall pay to William Salkeld and Edward Cox the sum of 
;^30o, then the trust and term of 2000 years shall cease. Signatures 
of Thomas Dibbin, Anne Dibbin. and William Salkeld. 

Six seals ; Quarterly, i st and 4th quarters, azure a lion rampant ;♦ 
2nd and 3rd quarters, argent, a bend wavy between 2 cotizes gules. 

Crest, an arm embowed. in armour, holding a sword. [689] 

To all Christian people — Robert Fry of Iweme Minster, co. 
Dorset, gent., Marie his wife, Edward Lawrence of Affpudle, co. 
Dorset, gent., Elizabeth his wife, Henry Hastings of Pudletown, 
CO. Dorset, gent., and Dorothy his wife, send greeting. 

Know ye that the said Robert Fry (and the others) have ratified 
and released unto Susan Cox, sister of the said Marie, Elizabeth 
and Dorothy, all those 7 closes of meadow and pasture land, 

• Whose arms are these ? 

3)4 Somsrut &» Dorset Notes & Queries. 

ciDed Marshman Field, parish of Stalbridge, co. Dorset, hereto* 
fore in occupation of Marie Cox, widdow, deceased, and now in 
tenure of said Susan Cox, with all their right and title to the same. 
To have and to hold the same to said Susan Cox for ever. 
Dated 30 March, 1657. 

Signatures of Robert Fry, Mary Fry, Edward Lawrence, 
Eliiabeth Lawrence, Henry Hastings, Dorothy Hastings, 6 seals, 
pendant, not heraldic. 

Signed and sealed in presence of Matthew Davys, William 
Yeatman, William King. [674.] 

333. WiNSFORD Parish Documents.— In the Church 
Chest of the Parish of Winsford, Somerset, %vhich was opened a 
few months ago, there were a large number of documents of various 
kinds — Indentures of Parish Apprentices, Bonds, Agreements* 
Discharges, &c., commencing with the year 1648. There are 39 
docnments between the year 1648 and 1700, of which the following 
are examples. 

W. Dicker, Schoolmaster, Winsford. 

This Indenture made the day of in the 

veare of our Lord 1660 Witnssseth that David Squirle. 

kllexander Williams, Overseers of the poore of the parish 

of Winsford in the County of Somerset, John Williams and 

William Comer Churchwardens of the same parish by and with 

the Consent of two of the Justices of the Peace for this 

County haue put placed and bound George Webber beinge 

one of the poore of the parish aforesaid as an apprentice 

with Christopher SuUey of Winsford in the County aforesaid, 

husbandman, and as an apprentice with him the said Christopher 

SuUey to dwell from the day of the date hereof untill the said 

George Webber shall come to be of the age of fower and twenty 

yeares accordinge to the Lawes Statutes in that case made and 

provided, by and duringe all which tyme and terme the said George 

Webber shall the said Christopher Sulley his master well and 

faithfullv serue in all such lawful businesse as the said George 

Webber shall be put vnto accordinge to his power wit and ability 

and honestly and obediently in all things shall behaue himselfe 

towards his said master his wife and Children and orderly and 

honestly towards all the rest of the flfamily of the said Christopher 

Sullev and the said Christopher Sulley for his part proiniseth the 

said GeorRe Webber in the Craft mistery and occupacon the which 

he now vseth after the best manner that he can or may, shall teach 

and infonne or cause to be taught and informed as much as there 

vnto belongeth or in any way appertayneth. And also duringe all 

iKltaid terme to finde vnto his said apprentice meate. drinke 

UnSen W^^^^^ hose shooes and all other things needful and 

necessary for an apprentice. 

Somerset <§• Dorset Notes S- Queries. 335 

In Witnbsse whereof the parties aboue said to these Indentures 
their handes and seales Interchangeably haue sett even the day 
and yeare first aboue written. 

Christopher Sulley seal. 
The7thof May 1660 
Confirmed by vs 

Geo. Trevelyan 
John Tuberville. 

To the Churchwardens and Overseers of the poore and to all 
other the inhabitants of the Parrish of Winsford in the said 

Whereas Mary Pearse of the Parrish of Wythipoole in the 
Said County Widdow Is willing and Desierous for her better 
Liuelywood and Maintainance to Dwell Inhabite and Reside in 
the Parrish of Winsford in the County aforesaid. In Considera- 
tion whereof we the Minister Churchwardens overseers of the 
poor and other Inhabitants of the said Parrish of Withypoole 
whoes names are here vnder Subscribed. Do for ourselves and 
for Euery of ouer Heires Executors Administrators and Successors 
Joyntlyand Severally Couenant and promise to and with the Minister 
Churchwardens overseeres of the poor and all other Inhabitants 
of the parrish of Winsford aforesaid. To and with the Executors 
Administrators and Successors of them or Each of them. That 
upon notice given to any one of vs in writing : or upon the 
Request of the said Inhabitants of Winsford. That then we the 
said Minister, Churchwardens, Overseers of the poor and 
Parrishoners of the Parrish of Wythipoole aforesaid : Shall and will 
Receive back agai^e the said Mary Pearse in to ouer said Parrish 
of Wythipoole as ouer own Inhabitant and parrishoner and likewise 
take care and prouide for her if need Require. According vnto 
the statute in that case made and prouided. In witnesse whereof 
we haue herevnto sett our severall hands and seals. Dat. Duo 
Decimo Die Septembris Anno Regni Reg. Gulielmi and Mariae 
Regis et Reginae nunc Angliae &c. Quarto, Anno Domini 1692. 
Signed, Sealed and \ 

Delivered in i Geo. Portbury Rector seal. 

presence of vs ^ Arthur Ward Churchwarden seal. 

Laurence Edbrooke, I George Leay oversear seal. 

John Ley. / James Hill seal. 

20th September 1692 John Houndle seal. 

seen and allowed by John Houndle the younger. 

R. Ellsworth. 

R. Siderfin 

334. Deeds relating to North and South Cadbury. — 
(III. xix. 113.)— (4.) John Huchings of Sherborne, co. Dorset, 
gent., James Medlycott of Ven, in the parish of Milbome Port, 

33^ Sowurstt *• Dorut Notes 6* Queries, 

Esq., and Elizabeth Medlycott, spinster, eldest da. of the said 

James M., Thomas Medlycott, gent., eldest son of the said James 
I., and Samuel Huchings, gent., brother of the said John 
Huchings. Being the marriage settlement of the said John 
Huchings and Elizabeth Medlycott. Refers to. a messuage and 
close of meadow called Brook Close, two closes called Broad- 
meads, one called Rush Close, one the Hill Close, and one called 
L3meing, three roods in Knight Meade, and twenty-nine acres of 
arable in the common fields of South Cadbury and the dwelling- 
house thereto belonging formerly in possession of one John 
Grane, deed, and a messuage and dwelling house formerly in 
possession of James A'Court. deed. All which several messuages, 
&c., were formerly in possession of John A'Court, sithence of 
Richard A'Court, deed., and are now m the tenure of the said 
John Huchings. Dated 9 April, 1725. Signaiuns of the parties^ 
and Heraldic seals, 

(5.) Francis Newman of North Cadbury, Esquire, and John 
Perry of the same place, yeoman. Mentions Joan Webb, wife of 
William Webb. Relates to a messuage, &c., called Perry's 
Tenement, and closes called Great and Little Elbridge,the Downs, 
and Bowoods, all situate in North Cadbury, in possession of the 
said John Perry. Mentions a son of the said John Perry, aged 
about 18. Dated 4 November, 1743. Seal and signature of 
John Perry. 

Endorsed, John Perry died 18 May, 1802. 

(6.) Francis Newman of North Cadbury, Esquire, and 
Richard Martin of the same place,yeoman. Relates to a tenement, 
Ac, in North Cadbury, late in possession of John Martin deed., 
father of the said Richard. Mentions Joseph Martin the brother, 
and Richard Martin the son of the saidf Richard, aged about seven 
years. Dated 7 October, 1751. Heraldic seal and signature of 
Richard Martin, 

(7.) Francis Newman of North Cadbury, Esquire, and Joan 
Stacey of the same place, widow. Relates to a messuage, &c., 
late in the occupation of Mrs. Morris, in North Cadbury, and now 
in possession of the said Joan. Mentions Elizabeth Stacey, da. 
of the said Joan, and John Andrews, son of Will. Andrews of 
North Cadbury, cooper, her Grandson, aged about five years. 
Dated 6 May, 1 758. Heraldic seal of Francis Newman, 

rK ^ u*^ Francis Newman of North Cadbury, Esquire, and John 
Chamberlaine, of Pitcombe, labourer. Relates to a house, &c., in 
Worth Cadbury, late in the possession of Katherine Chamberlaine, 
widow^ Dated 29 Sept.. 1758. Heraldic seal and signature of 
/ohm Chamberlaine, 

(9.) Francis Newman, of North Cadbury, Esquire, and 
i^omaa Martin, of the same place, yeoman. Relates to land 

Somerset & Dorset Notes S* Queries, 337 

called Andrew's Close, Drove Lane End, Peeter's Mead. Millpiece 
and Cockhill in North Cadbury, and in possession of the said 
Thomas Martin and John Martin, his brother. Mentions John 
Martin aged five years, the eldest son of Peter Martin, brother of 
the said Thomas Martin. Dated 2 July, 1764. Heraldic seal and 
Signature of Thomas Martin, 

G. F. Tudor Sherwood. 
{To be continued,) 

335. Weather Proverbs. (I. v. 244, vi. 276, viii, 381, H 
ix. 28). — These have been brought to my notice recently. 

** A west wind and an honest man always go to bed together." 
** An east wind on Lady Day, Will keep in till the end of May." 
•* Dry weather never brought want." 

James Coleman. 

336. Communion Flagon, Brympton, Somerset. — ^The 
Hon. Sir Spencer Ponsonby Fane, K.C.B., has forwarded for 
insertion in S, S» D, N, S* Q,, the following account of a Silver 
Flagon recently discovered in the Parish Chest of Brympton, 
Somerset : — 

" The flagon is 8 inches high, and of the round-bellied form, 
with low rounded lid and whistle handle. As originally made, 
it was without spout or lip, but an ugly and clumsily-made spout 
has been added in front, and openings pierced in the vessel to 
allow the contents to pour out by the new way. 

On the lid and on the left side of the neck, the latter a very 
unusual position, are the London hall-marks for 1619-20, with the 
maker's mark, H I, with a covered cup (?) below. 

Round the belly of the tankard is inscribed : 


'637 • 

The Sidenham crest, on achapeau a wolf rampant, is engraved 

on the lid and on the front of the spout." 

{See Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, May 8, 1890.) 

337. Monumental Inscriptions in other Counties 


Chancel of Stratford-sub-Castle, Wilts. ** Here li[eth] the 
BODY OP I M. Jane A [rney] daughter op Mr. | Alexander 
Arney op Uddings I IN the County op Dorset | gent : 


338 Somerset &> Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

Lord I have loved the habyt | ation ofthy Housb Am> 
THE I Place where thyne honor I dwelleth. Psal. 26. 8. I " 

In the North Porch, Holy Trinity Church, Cambridge. 
'* Near this Place | lies the Body of | Thomas 


died April 13TH, 1790 | Aged 44 years." | 

A. C. D. 

338. WiMBORNE Minster Altar Recess in N. Transept. 
(III. xxiii. 273.) — Mr. Fletcher has clearly shown that the paintings 
discovered here are entirely anterior to the century alterations* 
but he appears to assume that the altar in this position continued 
in use after these alterations, and raises the question of the subse- 
quent position of the piscina. 

But as far as I can gather from his note, the evidence rather 
points the other way, for the old piscina was found in the 
walling*up of the recess, and no attempt was apparently made at 
the alteration to give the recess a symmetrical form, as might easily 
have been done, or in any other way to give it a presentable 
appearance. Is it not the case that this altar was then destroyed ? 

Is it correct to describe these paintings as frescos ? Are they 
not ordinary paintings on dry plaster ? 

Edmund Buckle. 

339. Dr. Wright, a Dorset Clergyman (III. xxiii. 
310.)— May not Milton's visitor have been Richard Wright, who 
died Rector of Stalbridge in 1737 (?) aged 82 ? We learn from 
the elder Richardson that the particulars of this visit were 
communicated to him just before he published his life of Milton, 
which appeared in 1734. The Richardsons* book on Milton is 
especially interesting on account of the portrait prefixed to it, 
engraved by the elder Richardson from an original drawing of 
Milton in crayons, with Richardson's addition of a laurel wreath. 
A later engraving which I have is without a laurel wreath. If we 
are to believe Mr. De Quincey, this is not only the best likeness 
of Milton, but the best likeness of another great poet. ** I would 
observe," says he, ** that this Richardson engraving of Milton has 
the advantage of presenting not only by far the best likeness of 
Wordsworth, but of Wordsworth in the prime of his powers." 

J. H. W, 

040, Arms of Roche, Arundell, and Gorges Quar- 
TBRINOs! (III. xxii. 264, xxiii. 294, 296.)— Unfortunately the 
match between Arundell and Roche, mentioned by C. H. Sp. P., 
and of which I was well aware, took place between four and five 
!!^«tnnps before th6 one intended to be recorded by the shield I 

mentioned (III. ««• *H). It is not likely that we shall find it 
print, but in some parish register we may come across it. With 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes S» Queries, 339 

regard to the arms of Oldehall and Englowes, there can be no 
doubt of the former being Gu. a lion ramp, efm,^ and the latter,i4r^. 
a ehev, sa. beiw, three billets erms. The variation of the chevron to 
ermines on the chimney-piece is due probably to the sculptor. 
There should always be five spots on the billets. It may be here 
observed that Collinson cannot be relied on at all for heraldry; if 
he could blunder, he did ; either he gave a wrong blazon or 
assigned coats to the wrong names — such, at least, is my experience 
in all the parishes I have tested. 

A. J. J. 

341. Chilcott of CO. Dorset. (III. xxiii. 299.) — ^The 
name of Chilcot was a well-known one in the neighbouring 
county of Somerset. 

1. Thomas Chilcote of St. James, Taunton; will dated 
1530-1. IWells Wills, is<f\. 

2. John Chilcot of Broomfield, Somerset, had his will 
proved in 1546 [29 Alen]. 

3. John Chilcote of Dulverton is mentioned in a will of 
'S34» \Wells Wills, 75]. 

4. Richard Chilcott, A.B., was instituted to the Rectory of 
Nettlecombe 22 Nov., 1604.. [Somerset Incumbents, 405]. 

5. Chilcot is the name ofa hamlet situated in the old parish 
of St. Cuthbert, Wells ; it is now in the ecclesiastical parish of E. 

6. There are Chilcott Wills or references in Somerset Wills — 
I St series, p. 75 ; 2nd series, pp. 25, 69 ; 3rd series, p. 48 ; 
4th series, p. 102 ; 5th series, p. 69 ; some of these refer to 
Dorset branches of the family. 

F. W. W. 

34a. RobertChilcott,ofBridport (will proved atP.C.C, 1684), 
left two sons, Robert (who married daughter of Fulbrook), 
and William, father of another William. William Chilcott, of 
Bredv and Burton Bradstock, (will dated 1643, proved at P.C.C, 
1650;, left William and Robert, and in 1654, John Chilcott begs, 
as executor to William Chilcott, to compound. 


343. Cross and Pile. (III. xxiii. 30 1 ). — " In the old phrase 
cross and pile, equivalent to the modem head and tail, the allusion 
is to the stamping of money. One side bore a cross ; the other 
side was the under side in the stamping, and took its name from 
the pile or short pillar (Lat. Pila) on which the coin rested. Thus 
Cotgrave translates O. Y. pile (which here=/J/tf not ptla) by 
* the////, or under-iron of the stamp wherein money is stamped ; and 
the pile-side of a piece of monie, the opposite whereof is a crosse ; 
whence, Je n'ay croix nepile' = l have neither cross nor pile." 

Skeat. £tj^m. Diet. s.v. Pile (2). 
W. F. R., Worle Vicarage. 

340 Somerset S* Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

344. Admissions to S. John's College, Cambridge, of 
NATIVES OF Dorset and Somerset, inter 1666— 1715. (III. 
xxiii. 285.) ••1678. — Nicholas Shirborn. " — ^There is, and 
has been for several generations, a family of this name, residing 
at Chelwood ; they are tenant farmers, and now spell the name 
Sherborne. They are probably descendants of Nicholas. 

Wm. Rbes-Mogg. 

345. Darknbll Arms.— In Remington Church, near Frome, 
on a memorial slab on the floor, is an inscription to the memory 
of one Darknell, beneath an oval shield bearing the Compton 
quartering of the Northampton arms, viz., A lion passant guardant 
between three esqutWs helmets. Over the shield is carved a similar 
helmet surmounted by a wreath, but without a crest. 

Can any one kindly explain this ? I find no such name as 
Darknell in Burke. H. N. 

346. Rev. Mr. Leane. — I have a snufF box, handed down 
from probably the end of the 17th century, on which is the 
inscription, ** Rev. Mr. Leane to Mr. John Lee." — In what parish 
in Somerset or Devon was Mr. Leane Vicar ? Probably John Lee 
was his Churchwarden. 

W. H. Cottell, Yeolmbridge, Wood Vale, S.E. 

347. John Balch, 1623. — Who was the father of John 
Balch, who came to Massachusetts, perhaps from Somerset, in 

Galusha B. Balch, Yonkers, New York. 

348. Boniton. — *' Boniton," co. Soms. {vide Sims's Index 
to Heralds' Vis,^ Brit, Mus,), Is not this a form of Bonston, a place 
in the parish of Fiddington ? A family named Powell was there 
seated, and Sims gives the following reference to its arms, viz.. 
Hurl. M,S. 1385, f. 69 b. The blazon of this coat would greatly 
oblige me. 

P. S. P. Conner, Octorara, Rowlandsville, Maryland. 

349. Prolonging her time. — A parishioner of mine was 
lately dying in a double tenement house, the next-door neighbours 
being fearfully degraded specimens of the bite humaine. 

By way of rendering the last hours of the dying woman as 
uneasy as possible, these people would beat and hammer at the 

When this was reported to me by another neighbour, I was 
greatly struck by the bated breath and awe-struck manner with 
which she said, "You may depend upon it, she is prolonging her 
time. That is what she is doing, prolonging her time." — Can 
any folk-lorist among your readers tell me what this might invol